Periodically wipe the piece with a soft cloth or brush to remove dust and

preserve the luster.


Though the durability of bronze makes it suitable for outdoor use, as well as

around fireplaces, bronze items should never be placed directly into a hot fire




If the patina has noticeably changed over time, use a mild soap (such as Dawn) and warm water on a soft cloth. Never use a solvent or cleaning chemical on the bronze. Corrosive chemicals (such as those used to clean silver and other metals) could damage or strip away the patina. After wiping the sculpture clean, allow it to dry completely before handling. Rubbing too much will remove the patina completely.




To restore bronze to its original brilliance, use a good quality metal polish. We recommend Nevr-Dull, available at your local hardware store. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions, using rubber gloves in a well-ventilated area. Wipe off any residual polish with Windex and a soft cloth or Bounty paper towel. Bronze tends to wear away if polishing is done too frequently.





- 50° to 75° Fahrenheit

- 40% to 65% Relative Humidity

- No extreme fluctuations in temperature and humidity

- No proximity to direct heat sources

- No proximity to direct sunlight

- No contact with moisture

Clients must be made aware that some changes in the surface configuration of the shagreen and parchment should be anticipated. Shagreen and parchment are natural leathers, and are reactive to changes of temperature and relative humidity. They must not come into contact with liquid, nor must they be allowed to dry out. Shagreen and parchment must be kept away from sources of direct heat (air sources as well as CPU's and laptops), and out of direct sunlight or other harsh light sources. Heat and/or extreme dryness will cause these exotic skins to contract, lift, dry out and harden.

Dusting and Care:

Gently dust with a soft cotton cloth.

Always use coasters under both hot and cold drinks.

To prevent gouging and scratching, use felt backing on lamps, ashtrays, and accessories.

When serving hot foods, always use place mats under plates and hot pads under serving dishes.

To prevent moisture damage make sure plants are in drip-proof pots, and keep foliage from touching the shagreen surface.

When placing items on shagreen or parchment, always set them down gently; when retrieving items, pick them up, don't slide them.

Don't place rubber or synthetic materials, such as plastics, directly on these materials, since they might contain chemicals that could damage the finish.

Don't place magazines or newspapers on the material’s surface; the ink will bleed into the finish and eventually damage the shagreen.

Blot spills immediately. Gently blot the area with a succession of clean, soft, dry cloths until the spill is gone and the area is completely dry.




Stainless steel furniture requires only occasional cleaning to keep it looking fresh and bright. Use a detergent or stainless steel cleaner to remove any oxidation that may form on the surface. Oxidation is rare, but should it occur, it will not corrode your furniture and is easily wiped off. Do not use abrasives or scouring powder to clean stainless steel furniture. Please note that salt water and salty sea air may act as abrasives. Care must be taken in seaside climates.





- 65’ to 75’ Fahrenheit

- 50% to 55% Relative Humidity

- No extreme fluctuations in temperature and humidity

- No proximity to direct heat sources

- No proximity to direct sunlight

- No contact with moisture

Dust regularly with a soft dry cloth, turning it often. Dust in the direction of the grain pattern to prevent noticeable scratches from dust particles. When needed, wipe with a barely moist cloth, never wet. This will remove fingerprints and light soil.

Never allow water or moisture to stand on wood. Wipe up spills at once to prevent spots that require refinishing. Pads, mats and coasters on furniture, mats under vases, glasses, cups etc. protect them from spills and stains, and from heated objects. Do not use plastic or rubber on natural wood surfaces as they may soften and damage finish. Use felt under objects set on top of furniture that could scratch it.


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