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作者: 近代史所人事处 文章来源:AG娱乐网

 

范文澜: AG娱乐网中国历史学家、教育家和社会活动家。初字芸台,后改仲□。1893年11月15日(光绪十九年十月初八)生于浙江省绍兴府山阴县城(今绍兴市)。少年时读《国粹学报》等书刊,接受章炳麟(即章太炎)等人“爱国爱种”的政治主张,拥护辛亥革命。1913年,考入国立北京大学文预科,翌年进文本科国学门,受业于国学名师黄侃、陈汉章和刘师培等人,并常聆听鲁迅先生讲碑帖、金石学,当时曾以继承乾嘉训诂考据之学为己任。1917 年在北京大学毕业,获学士学位,曾一度任校长蔡元培的私人秘书。1918年春,赴沈阳高等师范学校任教;同年夏,往河南汲县省立中学授课。1922年任天津南开学校国文教员,后兼南开大学教授,讲授中国文学史、文论名著和国学要略。1925年,应顾颉刚之约,加入文化团体朴社;在天津出版《文心雕龙讲疏》一书,博得梁启超等人的好评。同年,五卅运动爆发,他参加了天津各界反帝大游行。此后,开始阅读宣传新思潮的书刊,并改写白话文。翌年秋,在天津加入中国共产党,后虽因中共天津地委遭破坏,失去党的组织关系,但继续从事革命活动。1927年秋,开始在北京大学(原京师大学校)、师范大学、女子师范大学、中国大学、朝阳大学、女子文理学院、中法大学、辅仁大学等校任讲师。1932年10 月出任女子文理学院国文系主任,次年10月任该院院长。授课之余,勤奋著述,数年间出版了《诸子略义》、《水经注写景文钞》、《文心雕龙注》、《正史考略》、《群经概论》等书。其中《文心雕龙注》一书,征证详核,考据精审,究极微旨,为一时名著。

  1936NIANXIA,RENHENANDAXUEWENXUEYUANJIAOSHOU。“QIQI”SHIBIANBAOFAHOU,ZHUBIAN《JINGSHI》ZHANSHITEKAN,ZHICHI《FENGYU》ZHOUKAN,JIJIXUANCHUANZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDEKANGRIZHUZHANG,YINQIKANGRIHUODONGZAOHENANDIFANGJUNZHENGDANGJUJINZU,YU1938NIANSHUQIFENRANCIQUHENANDAXUEJIAOZHI,CANJIAXINSIJUNYOUJIDUI;TONGNIANMO,YINGYAOFUHUBEISUIXIANCANJIADIWUZHANQUYUEBIANQUSHISANXIANKANGDIGONGZUOWEIYUANHUI,KAIZHANKANGRIMINZUTONGYIZHANXIANGONGZUO。1939NIAN 9YUE,ZHONGXINJIARUZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANG。CINIAN2 YUEDAOYANAN,XIANHOURENMALIEXUEYUANJIYANANZHONGYANGYANJIUYUANFUYUANZHANG,JIANLISHIYANJIUSHIZHUREN;SHOUZHONGGONGZHONGYANGHEMAOZEDONGWEITUO,ZHUCHIBIANXIEZHONGGUOTONGSHI(HANZHONGGUOJINDAISHI)。1943NIAN 5YUEDIAOZHONGGONGZHONGYANGXUANCHUANBUGONGZUO。

  ZAIZHANGQIDEGEMINGSHIJIANZHONG,TAZHUJIANXINGCHENGYIMAKESIZHUYIWEILILUNJICHU、FUYOUMINZUTESEHEXIANMINGGEXINGDEXINDEXUESHUSIXIANGTIXI。1940NIAN8、9YUEJIAN,ZAIYANANXINZHEXUENIANHUISHANGFABIAOJIANGYAN,ZAIXUESHUJIELVXIANYUNYONGWEIWUSHIGUANDUIZHONGGUOJINGXUEDEJIEJIBENZHI、LISHIDIWEIJIQIFAZHANGUILVZUOQUANMIANDEPINGSHU。1941NIAN、1942NIANCHUBAN《ZHONGGUOTONGSHIJIANBIAN》SHANGCE(SHANGGUZHIWUDAI)HEZHONGCE(SONGLIAOZHIQINGZHONGYE),YIJIEJIDOUZHENGWEIYANJIULISHIDEJIBENXIANSUO,TONGGUODUISHISHIDEJUTIFENXI,JIESHIJIUSHEHUIJIUSHIWUBIRANYAOBEIXINSHEHUIXINSHIWUSUOTIDAIDEGUILV,BEISHIJIAYUWEIZUIZAOYUNYONGMAKESIZHUYIXITONGDILUNSHUZHONGGUOLISHIDEWANZHENGDETONGSHIZHUZUOZHIYI。

AG娱乐网  1946NIAN 2YUEDIAOLIYANANHOU,LIRENBEIFANGDAXUEXIAOZHANGJIANLISHIYANJIUSHIZHUREN、HUABEIDAXUEFUXIAOZHANGJIANYANJIUBUZHURENJILISHIYANJIUSHIZHUREN、JINJILUYUBIANQUWENLIANLISHIZHANG、HUABEIRENMINZHENGFUWEIYUANDENGZHI。ZAICIQIJIAN,JIXUCONGSHILISHIYANJIUGONGZUO;1947NIANCHUBAN《ZHONGGUOJINDAISHI》SHANGCE(JI《ZHONGGUOTONGSHIJIANBIAN》DEXIACE),XITONGDILUNSHULEZHONGGUOLUNWEIBANZHIMINDIBANFENGJIANSHEHUIDELISHIGUOCHENGHESHIDAITEZHENG,GAODUPINGJIALERENMINFANDIFANFENGJIANYUNDONGDELISHIGONGJI。

AG娱乐网  1949NIAN 9YUE,ZUOWEISHEHUIKEXUEJIEDAIBIAO,CHUXIDIYIJIEZHONGGUORENMINZHENGZHIXIESHANGHUIYI。ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOCHENGLIHOU,RENZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUOSUOZHANG、ZHONGGUOSHIXUEHUIFUHUIZHANG、ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGLISHIWENTIYANJIUWEIYUANHUIWEIYUAN、ZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEBUCHANGWUWEIYUANDENGZHI。1954NIANQI,XIANHOUDANGXUANWEIDISANJIEQUANGUORENMINDAIBIAODAHUICHANGWUWEIYUANHUIWEIYUAN,ZHENGXIEDISANJIEQUANGUOWEIYUANHUICHANGWUWEIYUAN。ZAIZHONGGONGDIBACI、DIJIUCIQUANGUODAIBIAODAHUISHANG,FENBIEDANGXUANWEIHOUBUZHONGYANGWEIYUANHEZHONGYANGWEIYUAN。CIWAI,HAIDANRENGUOZHONGGUORENMINDUIWAIWENHUAXIEHUILISHI、ZHONGGUOWENZIGAIGEWEIYUANHUICHANGWULISHIHEZHENGXIEQUANGUOWEIYUANHUIWENSHIZILIAOYANJIUWEIYUANHUIZHURENWEIYUAN。1952 NIANQI,ZHONGXINGAIXIE《ZHONGGUOTONGSHIJIANBIAN》YISHU,ZHI1965NIANXIANHOUCHUBANLEYUANGUZHISUITANGWUDAIBUFENGONGSICE。HEGUOMORUO、WUYUZHANG、JIANBOZAN、LVZHENYUDENGYIDAO,WEIFANRONGZHONGGUOLISHIKEXUEZUOCHULEZHONGDAGONGXIAN,SHISHIXUEJIEDEGAOWANGZHONGDELINGDAOZHEZHIYI。1969NIAN 7YUE 29RIZAIBEIJINGBINGSHI。

  FANWENLANDUIZHONGGUOSHIXUELINGYUDEYIXIEZHONGDAWENTI,RUGUDAIHEJINDAISHIFENQI、HANMINZUXINGCHENG、MINZUDOUZHENGYUMINZURONGHE、NONGMINZHANZHENG、AIGUOZHUYI、FENGJIANSHEHUIZHANGQIYANXU、PIPANDIZONGJIEJINGXUEDENG,DOUTICHUGUODUDAOJIANJIE,WEIJINYIBUYANJIUKAIPILEXIJING。ZHONGYAOLUNWENJINGZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUOBIANWEI《FANWENLANLISHILUNWENXUANJI》,1979NIANYOUZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUECHUBANSHECHUBAN。      



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