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【PENGPAIXINWENBAODAO】KANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAIZHENGSHISHANGXIAN,TUIJINXUESHUDETONGSHIAGYULEWANGDAZHONG

作者: 盛差偲 文章来源:AG娱乐网

抗日战争与近代中日关系文献数据平台(下文简称“抗战文献数据平台”,www.modernhistory.org.cn)是国家社科基金抗日战争研究专项工程的阶段成果,也是其中最大的一个项目。该项目由中国社会科学院、国家图书馆和国家档案局合作筹建,中国社会科学院近代史研究所、百度云承办。至今,抗战文献数据平台已上传各种类历史文献超过1000万页,并承诺将永久向全社会免费开放。

 

92日,抗日战争与近代中日关系文献数据平台上线发布会在中国社会科学院近代史研究所学术报告厅举行。与会的专家学者肯定了抗战文献数据平台自去年试运行以来所取得的成就,也为抗战文献数据平台将来的发展提供了许多AG娱乐网性的意见与思路。笔者将本次会议的主要内容整理成文,以期对抗战文献数据平台的运营现状以及今后可能的发展方向作一定的介绍。

 

 

FABUHUIXIANCHANG

 

史料的数量与质量

 

截至20188月底,抗战文献数据平台已上线1000万页史料,其中包括11000余种图书、1000余种期刊、近400种报纸,尚有更多的史料正在上传或者著录之中。中国社会科学院副院长李培林预计,在未来五年内,抗战文献数据平台将在文献总量上超过日本的亚洲历史资料中心www.jacar.go.jpAG娱乐网),从而成为全球领先的抗日战争及近现代中国史的互联网史料平台。中国社会科学院近代史研究所的姜涛博士也在会上指出,仅就目前而言,平台的文献数量相较于世界上其他历史文献数据库,也是毫不逊色的。

 

抗战文献数据平台除了文献数量大以外,其文献的史料价值同样值得称道。据抗战文献数据平台负责人之一张燚明介绍,抗战文献数据平台上的一千多万页史料中,最引人注目的是近四百种民国报纸。这些近代中国的各类大小报纸中,既有闻名近代中国的十余种大报,又有近百种各类小报、画报。考虑到报纸史料的特殊性,平台上的报纸都是以300DPI的分辨率上传的。

 

 

KANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAISHOUYE

 

AG娱乐网ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGDANGSHIYANJIUSHIYUANFUZHURENZHANGBAIJIAZHICHU,KANGRIZHANZHENGJUYOUSANZHONGXINGZHI,FENBIESHIZHONGGUORENMINDUIYURIJUNQINLVEDEFENQIFANKANG、SHIJIEFANFAXISIZHANZHENGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFENYIJIZUOWEIZHONGGUOGEMINGDEYIBUFEN。ZHENDUIZHEIYIDIAN,ZHANGYIMINGZHICHU,PINGTAIWEIKANGRIZHANZHENGSHIYANJIUTIGONGLEDUOBIANYUGELEISHILIAO。PIRUSHUO,BAOZHISHILIAOZHONGBUJINYOUJINERSHIZHONGHONGSEWENXIAN,TONGSHIYOUYOUGUOMINDANGDENGDANGPAI、TUANTI、JUNDUIDESHUSHIZHONGBAOZHI,HAIYOUWEIMANZHOUGUONAIZHIHUABEI、HUAZHONGYUHUADONGLUNXIANQUDEJINSANSHIZHONGRIWEIBAOZHI。DIYUSHANG,PINGTAIBAOZHISHILIAODECHUANGKANDIJIBENSHANGHANGAILEJINTIANZHONGGUODEJUEDADUOSHUSHENGFEN,YIBAOKUOJIFENHAIWAIDEHUAWENBAOZHIYUGUONEIDEXIWENBAOZHI,BINGYOUXUDUOZHONGXIAOCHENGSHIDEDIFANGBAOZHI。CIWAI,PINGTAISHANGLINGYOUXUDUOTEDINGZHONGLEIDEBAOZHI,BAOKUODIANYING、XIQU、ERTONG、FUNV、JINGJI、JUNSHI、WENJIAO、ZONGJIAO、KEXUE、WUXIANDIAN、HANGKONG、YILIAOWEISHENGDENGGEGEZHUANYELINGYU。

 

CHULEZHONGWENSHILIAOYIWAI,PINGTAISHANGHAIYOUYINGYU、RIYU、FAYU、DEYU、ZANGWENDENGSHILIAO,BINGJIANGZAIWEILAIJINYIBUKUODA。ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUODELUOMINYANJIUYUANZHICHU,DUIYUGONGZHONGERYAN,TAMENKENENGDUIDIANYING、YINLE、HUIHUA、TUPIANDENGSHILIAOGENGGANXINGQU,YINCI,ZHEIFANGMIANSHILIAOYIBURONGHUSHI。JUXI,PINGTAICONGZHONGGUOMEISHUXUEYUANGAOCHULAOSHICHUZHENGJIDAOBUSHAOGEMINGZHANZHENGNIANDAIDETUXIANGSHILIAO,BINGJIJILIANXIKANGZHANSHIQIDEZUOQUJIA、BANHUAJIADEHOUREN,ZHENGJIDAOXUDUOYINPINYUSHIWUSHILIAO。

 

抗战文献数据平台骨干田武雄表示,红色文献也是抗战文献数据平台的一大亮点。平台现已上传的红色文献包括200多种图书、报纸、期刊、图片以及音频资料,内容丰富,种类多样。时段上,涵盖了新民主主义革命时期中共的革命活动形成的各类文献;在史料的性质上,不仅包括以往较为常见的,诸如《新华日报》这类带有一定宣传性质的报纸,同时还有不少此前相对稀见的党内与军内刊物,如中共中央华中局的机关刊物《真理》;在史料的具体内容上,不仅包括诸如《布尔塞维克》、《萌芽月刊》等以政治宣传、理论研究、左翼文化为内容的红色文献,更有许多为某些具体部门形成的史料,如反映AG娱乐网党干部训练与干部教育的《陇东中学地干班调查》。

 

AG娱乐网DONGBEISHIFANDAXUEFUXIAOZHANGHANDONGYU、BEIJINGDAXUEJIAOSHOUZANGYUNHUDENGDOUJIANYI,ZAIPINGTAIZHELIDAZAOHONGSEWENXIANKUDETONGSHI,HAIYINGGAISHANGCHUANYOUGUANGUOMINDANGZHENGMIANZHANCHANGYURIWEIZHENGQUANDESHILIAO,CONGERZHANXIANKANGRIZHANZHENGDEQUANJINGTUXIANG。SHOUZHUYUGUOJIATUSHUGUANDEGUANZANGZIYUAN,PINGTAIYISHANGCHUANLEBUFENZHENGMIANZHANCHANGYIJIRIWEIZHENGQUANDESHILIAO。JIUZHENGMIANZHANCHANGDESHILIAOERYAN,YOUQIZHIDEYITIDESHICIQIANNANDEYIJIANDEGUOMINDANGZHENGQUANDANGNEI、JUNNEIDENEIBUSHUKAN,RU“ZHONGYANGXUNLIANTUAN”DEXIANGGUANWENXIAN、JUNSHIWEIYUANHUIDENGJIGUANBIANYINDEHUIYIJILUJIZHANSHIQIANXIANCHUBANPINDENG。JIURIWEISHILIAOERYAN,RUQIANSUOSHU,PINGTAIXIANYOUJINSANSHIZHONGRIWEIBAOZHI。YUCITONGSHI,PINGTAISHANGYOUXUDUOYUANZANGYUZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUODE“MANTIE”SHILIAOYISHANGCHUANHUOZHENGZAISHANGCHUANZHIZHONG。SHEHUIKEXUEWENXIANCHUBANSHEDESHOUXIBIANJIXUSIYANZHICHU,WEILAIPINGTAIJIANGCHENGWEIGUONEITIGONG“MANTIE”SHILIAODEYIGEZHONGXIN。CIWAI,PINGTAISHANGHAIYOUXUDUOZHANSHIWEIAGYULEWANGFANGFANYIDERIJUNSHIBINGRIJI、SHUXIN、WENSHUYUGONGCIDENG。ZHEIXIECAILIAOYIFANGMIANKEYIFAXIANZAIRIJUNDEXUANCHUANZHIXIA,YIDUBEIZHEBIDEZHANSHIPUTONGRIJUNSHIBINGDEYANZHAN、FANZHANQINGXU,GENGYOUQIDUIQINLVEXINGJINGDEFANSI;LINGYIFANGMIAN,HAIKEYIKANCHUGUOGONGLIANGDANGYUQUANGUOJUNMINXIESHOUKANGZHANDUIRIJUNSUOZAOCHENGDEWEIXIE,DEDAOLERIJUNZHONGGAOCENGDEGAODUZHONGSHI。

 

DANGANSHILIAOFANGMIAN,HANDONGYUGULIKANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAIYINGDANGXIANGDONGYAGEGUO、MEIGUODENGGUOJIAYUDIQUZHENGJISHILIAOBINGJIJILIANLUO、AGYULEWANG。MUQIANPINGTAIYICONGMEIGUO、TAIWANDENGDIZHENGJILEYIDAPIDANGANSHILIAO。RUCONGMEIGUODEDAXUEZHENGJIERLAIDE“KAERXUNDANGAN”,BIANYIYIGEMEIGUOGUANCHAZHEDEJIAODUZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGHAIYUANLEAGYULEWANGDANGDEDIHOUKANGZHAN。YOUSHOUDOUSHIFANDAXUELISHIXUEYUANTIGONGDEZHONGMEIGUANXI、ZHONGYINGGUANXIDENGWAIJIAODANGANYEJIJIANGSHANGCHUANDAOPINGTAISHANG。YOUXIESHILIAOYINWEIYUANGUANZANGDIDEYUANYINBEIGUILEIYUTUSHU,DANJIUQISHIJIXINGTAILAISHUOWUYIYUDANGAN,RUSHIYUBENCHUZINEIZHENGBUMINZHENGSIDE《NEIZHENGBUGONGZUORIJI》,QUANXISHOUXIE,YUDANGANWUYI。ZAISIRENZANGDANGDESHOUJISHANG,PINGTAIYIZHENGJISHILIAOBINGJIANCHENGLE“CHENTIANHEKANGZHANYINLETESEZHUANTIKU”,BINGJIJICHOUHUAQITATESEZHUANTIKU;CIWAI,PINGTAISHANGYEYOUYIDINGSHULIANGDECIQIANWEIKANDESIRENRIJIDESHOUGAOBENDENGSIRENDANGANXINGZHIDESHILIAO。

 

YUHUIXUEZHEAGYULEWANG

 

抗战文献数据平台的学术价值

 

AG娱乐网KANGZHANSHUJUWENXIANPINGTAIYONGYOURUCIZHIDUODESHILIAO,NENGWEIJINTIANDELISHIYANJIUZUOCHUZENYANGDEGONGXIAN?FABUHUISHANGYOUXUDUOXUEZHEJIUCIFABIAOLEZIJIDEKANFA。

 

AG娱乐网QUANGUOZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEGONGZUOBANGONGSHIFUZHURENSUNDELIZHICHU,KANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAIDEAGYULEWANGYINGGAIKAOLVRUHEQIESHITUIDONGXUESHUYANJIUDEJINBU,BINGGENGHAODIWEIDAZHONGAGYULEWANG。PINGTAIDEFAZHAN,GENBENSHANGLIBUKAITADEZONGZHI: “GONGYI”、“GONGXIANG”。ZHANGBAIJIAZHICHU,CONGQIANXUDUORENSHOUJIDAOSHILIAOZHIHOU,QUEJUWEIJIYOUERXIANGHUBAOMI。ERXIANZAIDESHIDAIYAOQIUSHI,XUEZHEZAIZHANGWOZILIAODEJICHUZHISHANG,GENGYINGGAIJINYIBUZUCHENGYIGEGE“XUESHUGONGTONGTI”,CUJINXIANGHUZHIJIANDEAGYULEWANG,YI“GONGXIANG”WEIZONGZHIDEKANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAIZIRANCUJINLEXUESHUGONGTONGTIDEXINGCHENG。HUADONGSHIFANDAXUEDESHENZHIHUAJIAOSHOURENWEIYAOJIAQIANGDUIYUSHILIAODEJICHUYANJIU,FOUZEZHONGGUODEXUESHUSHIMEIYOUXIWANGDE,ERKANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAIZEWEIZHEILEIGONGZUOKAILEGEHENHAODETOU,YOULIYUTUIJINYIHOUDEZHIDUAGYULEWANG。

 

KANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAIZHISUOYINENGGOUSHIXIAN“GONGXIANG”,LIBUKAITADEZAITI——HULIANWANG。ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANSHIJIELISHIYANJIUSUOSUOZHANGWANGCHAOGUANGZHICHU,XINDEYIDAIXUERENYINGDANGSHIYINGBINGYONGBAOHULIANWANGYUXUESHUYANJIUDEJIEHE,FOUZEJIUHUIBEIBIANYUANHUA,PINGTAIJIUSHISHIXUESHUJIEZHUDONGYONGBAOHULIANWANGZUIHAODELIZHENGZHIYI。BUGUO,HULIANWANGZUOWEIYIZHONGGONGJU,YEBINGFEIZONGSHINENGGOUSHIXIANSHILIAODE“GONGXIANG”。ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUODELIUWENNANFUYANJIUYUAN、HUAZHONGSHIFANDAXUEDEZHOUYUEFENGFUJIAOSHOUDENGZAIHUIGUZIJIDEZHIXUELICHENGHOUZHICHU,CIQIANSHILIAOBINGBUSHIDUISUOYOURENGONGPINGKAIFANGDE,JISHIZAIJINTIAN,JIUDUYUGOUZHIXIANGGUANSHUJUKUZIJINYOUWODEZHONGDIANGAOXIAO、JUZHUZAIDACHENGSHIDERENNENGGOUKANDAOGENGDUODESHILIAO;ERJIUDUYUPUTONGGAOXIAO,JUZHUZAIZHONGXIAOCHENGSHIDERENNAIZHIYUPUTONGMINZHONG,ZEHENNANJIECHUDAOZHENGUIDEYUANSHISHILIAO。ERKANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAISHIXIANLERENHERENDOUKEYIWULUNHESHIHEDI、LINGMENJIANDIJIECHUDALIANGJINGGUORENZHENBIANXIAO、BIANPAIDESHILIAO,ZHEIBEIZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUODELIZHIYUFUYANJIUYUANCHENGWEI“SHIXUEGEMING”。

 

AG娱乐网LIPEILINRENWEI,KANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAIDESHILIAOZHULUBIAOZHUNJIANGCHENGWEIZHONGGUOJINDAISHILINGYUDEXINGYEBIAOGAN。ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUODELIUWENNAN、ZHANGHUIFANGBOSHI、WANGBOBOSHIDENGRENZHICHU,ZAISHILIAODECHENGXIANSHANG,XIANGDUIYUQITASHUJUKU,ZAIPINGTAISHANGJIANSUOMOUYIGEGUANJIANCIZHIHOU,CHENGXIANCHULAIDEBINGFEIZHISHIYIPIANPIANGULIDEWENZHANG,SHOUXIANCHENGXIANCHULAIDESHISHOULUGAIWENZHANGDETUSHUYUQIKAN。ZHEIYANGJIANGYOULIYUYONGHUZAIYUEDU、LIYONGXUYAODESHILIAOSHIBAWOSHILIAOZHIJIANDEYOUJILIANXI,HAIYUANSHILIAOBENSHENDESHENGTAIYULISHIQINGJING。PINGTAISHANGCHUANDEDALIANGXIJIANSHILIAO,YIJIANGSHIDEJINDAISHIYANJIUDEXUESHUGUIFANGENGJIAJINGQUE——DUZHEZAIYUEDULUNWENSHI,RUGUOPENGDAOWENZHANGYINYONGLEYIXIEXIJIANDESHILIAO,ZEKEYIDAOPINGTAIJIANSUO,HUISUYUANTOUJINXINGJIANZHENG,CONGERBAOZHENGYANJIUNEIRONGGENGZHASHI、GENGGUIFAN、GENGKEKAO。

 

JUZHANGYIMINGJIESHAO,GONGZUOTUANDUIZAIAGYULEWANGPINGTAISHIJIUBOCAIGEJIASHUJUKUDEYOUDIAN,TONGSHIXIQUGEJIASHUJUKUAGYULEWANGDEJINGYANJIAOXUN。ZAIJIANSUOSHANG,PINGTAITIGONGJIANDANJIANSUOYUDUOZIDUANGAOJIJIANSUOLIANGZHONGMOSHI;ZAIJIANSUOJIEGUODECHENGXIANSHANG,PINGTAIYIFANGMIANNENGGOUTONGSHICHENGXIANTUSHU、QIKAN、BAOZHIDENGSHILIAODEJIANSUOJIEGUO,LINGYIFANGMIANZEKEYIDUIYUJIANSUOJIEGUOJINXINGERCISHAIXUAN,YEKEANZHAOSHIJIANDENGYAOSUJINXINGZHONGXINPAIXU;ZAIJIANSUOXINGZHISHANG,MUQIANTUSHUYUQIKANYIZUODAOPIANMUSUOYIN,BAOZHIZEANRIQIJINXINGSUOYIN;ZAISHILIAODECHENGXIANYULIYONGSHANG,TUSHUYUQIKANTIGONGMULU,SUOYOUSHILIAODOUTIGONGFANGDASUOXIAO、QUANPINGYUEDU、ZHAILU(JIBENSHANGQITASHUJUKUDOUMEIYOUZHEIGEGONGNENG)、JIUCUOYUMIANFEIXIAZAIDENGGONGNENG。WEILEJINYIBUTISHENGJIANSUOCHENGXIAO,SHANGHAIJIAOTONGDAXUEJIAOSHOULVTONGLIN、ZHONGGUORENMINDAXUEQINGSHIYANJIUSUOSUOZHANGZHUHUYUNANJINGDAXUEFUJIAOSHOULIANGCHENDENGJIANYIPINGTAIYINGDANGXIANGYANJIUXINGSHUJUKUZHUANXING。DUICI,LUOMINRENWEIZHEIDEQUESHIPINGTAIWEILAIDEFAZHANFANGXIANG,QIEXIANGGUANGONGZUOYIJINGZAIJINXINGLE。

 

YUHUIXUEZHEAGYULEWANG

 

抗战文献数据平台的社会价值

 

KANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAIDEAGYULEWANGLIBUKAIQUANSHEHUIDEGUANZHUYUZHICHI。LIPEILINZHICHUPINGTAIJIANGDUIDIFANGGONGGONGTUSHUGUANYUGAOXIAOTUSHUGUANDEGUANZANGZIYUANJINXINGSHUZIHUAGAIZAO。SHANXISHENGTUSHUGUANGUANZHANGWANGJIANJUNDENGDIFANGTUSHUGUANDAIBIAOBIAOSHI,JIANGWEIPINGTAIDEAGYULEWANGTIGONGWENXIANZIYUAN。YUCITONGSHI,JINGCHANGSHIYONGPINGTAIDEGAOCHU、ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUODEWEIBINGBINGBOSHIDENGJIANYIPINGTAIYINGJIJIZHENGJISIRENSHILIAO。ZHONGGUOCHUANMEIDAXUEJIAOSHOUCUIYONGYUANRENWEI,SHOUJIBINGGONGXIANGZILIAOJITARENZUOYANJIUDEXUEZHESHIZUIWEIDADE,PINGTAIDEWENSHIBIMIANLEZHONGFULAODONG,JIANGHUICUJINXUESHUJIEDELIANGXINGXUNHUAN。CUIYONGYUANZAIHUISHANGDANGJIJUEDINGJUANCHUYIBUFENZIJICONGMINJIANSHOUJILAIDEKANGZHANSHILIAO,BINGJIANGQIZHENGHEDAOPINGTAIZHISHANG。

 

SHEHUIDAZHONGDUIYUKANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAINENGGOUJIYUDEBANGZHUYUANBUXIANYUSHILIAODEJUANXIAN。GUILINSHIJIAOYUYANJIUSUOJIAOYANYUANJIXIAOWENJIRENWEI,PINGTAIDESHIYONGZHEKEYICANYUDAOPINGTAIDEZHULU、JIUCUOJIWENZISHIBIEDENGGONGZUOSHANG,BINGKEYISHEZHIXIANGYINGDEGULIYUJIANGLIJIZHI,ZAIHULIANWANGSHIDAI,KANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAIYINGDANGJINKENENGDIKUODASHOUZHONG,DUIQUANSHEHUIFAHUIGENGDADEYINGXIANG。CONGZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANYAZHOUTAIPINGYANGYANJIUSUOTUIXIUDECHENHUIFUYANJIUYUANSHIZHUMINGZUOQUJIACHENTIANHEXIANSHENGDENVER,PINGTAISHANGDE“CHENTIANHEKANGZHANYINLETESEZHUANTIKU”JIYOUTAJUANXIANSHILIAOBINGSHOUQUANJIANCHENG。CHENHUIBIAOSHI,KANGZHANSHITAFUMUYISHENGZHONGJINGLIDEYICHANGDASHI,ER“CHENTIANHEKANGZHANYINLETESEZHUANTIKU”DEJIANCHENG,YESHITAFUMUDEGUANGRONGHEJIAOAO,YUANLETAFUMUDEXINYUAN。

 

AG娱乐网XUSIYANRENWEIKANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAIGENGYINGJIANFUQIFANBUSHEHUIDEZEREN。WANGCHAOGUANG、ZHOUYUEFENGDENGYEZHICHU,PINGTAIDUIPUTONGRENYESHIYOUYINGXIANGDE,KEYIGUANGKUOTAMENDUILISHIDERENZHI,POCHUCIQIANDUILISHIDEWUJIEYUKEBANYINXIANG,JINERZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZHONGSUTAMENDUILISHIDERENSHI。JUTIERYAN,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUODELIUWENNAN、ZHAOYANJIEBOSHIDENGZHICHU,PINGTAIKEYIWEIGERENXUNZHAOZIJIZUXIANDEGUOWANGLISHI、MEITIZHIZUOJIEMUYIJIXIANGGUANJIGOUBIANXIECHANGSHI、YUANSHITIGONGBANGZHU。ZAIHUIYISHANG,LAIZIGUANGDONGZHANJIANGDEMINJIANLISHIYANJIUZHEHUANGCHUNNINGJIBIAOSHI,PINGTAIWEIZIJIXUNZHAOZHANJIANGGEMINGXIANLIEHUANGXUEZENGDESHILIAOTIGONGLEHENDADEBANGZHU。HUANGCHUNNINGCIQIANZAIYIBANDESHUJIZHONGCHAZHAOHUANGXUEZENGDEXIANGGUANZILIAO,HUOZHESHICAIFANGXIANGGUANDEDANGSHIRENSHI,FAXIANCHUANWUNAIZHIXIANGHUMAODUNZHICHUBUSHAO,YINWEIZIJISHENCHUZUGUODALUDEZUINANDUAN,YANJIUTIAOJIANYUZIYUANSHIFENYOUXIAN,ERNANYIXIAJIELUN。ERPINGTAISHANGDELISHIWENXIANJIEJUELETACIQIANWUFAJIEJUEDEKUNHUO。

 

YUANHUAZHONGSHIFANDAXUEDANGWEISHUJIMAMINYUHANDONGYUZAIHUIYISHANGZHICHU,PINGTAIBUJINJINYINGGAIFANGBIANZHUANYEDEYANJIUZHE,TONGSHIHAIYINGGAIAGYULEWANGSHEHUIDAZHONGYUGUANGDADEQINGSHAONIAN。YIFANGMIAN,PINGTAIZUOWEISHUJUKUBENSHENYESHIYOULISHIGUANZAINEIDE;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZAIXUEXIAODEJIAOYUZHONG,LISHIJIAOYUYINGDANGWEIXUESHENGTIGONGJIAZHIPANDUAN,DANSHIJIAZHIPANDUANDEJIANLIYESHIZAIZILIAOCHONGFENZHEIGEJICHUZHISHANGDE。MUQIANXUDUOZHONGXUELISHILAOSHIBUSHIYINGXINBIANLISHIJIAOCAI,DUICI,MAMINRENWEIKANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAIYINGDANGZAIZHONGXUELISHILAOSHIDEPEIXUNZHONGFAHUIZUOYONG。ZISHENMEITIRENCAOJINGXING、HUAZHONGSHIFANDAXUEDEZHOUYUEFENG、ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUODELISHANBOSHIDENGRENZHICHU,KANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAIKEYIWEIXUEXIAODERICHANGLISHIJIAOXUE、JUXINGYANJIUXINGXUEXI、KAIZHANXIAOBENKECHENGDENGTIGONGBANGZHU,YEKEYIXIANGZHONGXUESHENGZHENGWEN,GULITAMENZAIKANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAICHAZHAOZILIAO。ZHEIXIEYIJIANDEDAOLEYUHUIZHONGXUELISHILAOSHIDEYIZHIRENKE。

 

三位来自中学历史教学的相关从业者介绍了抗战文献数据平台未来与中小学历史教学相挂钩的设想。北京教育学院的方美玲副教授指出,抗战文献数据平台可以与教育部今年颁布的“教育信息化2.0行动计划挂钩,参与百区千校万课引领行动,推广优秀的课堂教学案例。

 

BEIJINGSHIFANGSHANQUJIAOSHIJINXIUXUEXIAODEZHANGFUWENLAOSHIZHICHU,CHANGYOUXUESHENGGENTASHUOKEBENSHANGDEZHISHICHANGCHANGYUWANGSHANGHEDIANSHISHANGKANDAODEBUYIYANG,PINGTAIDECHUXIANSHIDEGUANGDAZHONGXIAOXUESHENGZAIHULIANWANGSHIDAIYENENGGOUYONGYOUGENGYOUZHIDELISHIJIAOYUZIYUAN,TONGGUOPINGTAIJIECHUZHENSHIDELISHI,TISHENGZIJIDEXUEKESUYANG。PIRUSHUO,XUESHENGKEYITONGGUOPINGTAISHANGDESHILIAO,QIESHILEJIEBAOKUOGUOGONGLIANGDANG、ZHISHIFENZI、PUTONGRENMINDENGCANYUDAONEIDEQUANMINZUKANGZHAN,YIJITONGGUOPINGTAISHANGDETUPIANLAIZHIGUANGANSHOULISHI,RUTONGGUOSIXINGCANGKUDELISHIZHAOPIANGANSHOUKANGRIJUNRENDEYINGYONGXISHENG。ZHANGFUWENYEZHICHU,RUGUOZAIDUANZHENGXUESHENGDELISHIRENSHI、PEIYANGXUESHENGDEJIAGUOQINGHUAISHANG,PINGTAIBUQUQIANGZHANZHEIGE“GAODI”,NEIMEQIJIUHENKENENGWEIYIXIEHUAZHONGQUCHONG、WEILISHITUDEWULIANGMEITISUOZHANLING,DAOZHIXUESHENGDELISHIRENZHIBEIWAIQU。TONGSHI,ZHANGFUWENHAIZHICHU,ZHONGXUELISHIJIAOXUEZHONGSHIYONGDEJIAOCAIHEYUZHIPEITAODEJIAOXUEZHIDAOYONGSHUJUYOUPUSHIXING、HONGGUANXING,DANSHIBIJIAOJIANDAN,DUIYUXUDUOLISHIDEXIJIEWUFAZHANXIAN,ERSHIMIANSHANGDEJIAOFUZILIAOQUEYOUCANCHABUQI,KANGZHANWENXIANSHUJUPINGTAIDECHUXIANYEFENGFULETAZIJIDENGYIDAPIZHONGXUELISHILAOSHIDUILISHIDERENZHI。

 

郑州外国语学校的段军军老师认为,应试教育并不会使抗战文献数据平台失去在中小学生中的“用武之地”。河南乃至全国许多省份的高考历史试题中,都会有一道小论文题,考生们在作答这道题时表现往往不太理想,总分10分,平均分仅有2.5AG娱乐网分。对此,中学历史老师长期感觉到无从下手。毕竟,这对于中学历史老师本身的学识就是个很大的考验,他们往往力有未逮。而平台的出现可以让学生在接触到鲜活历史,也更能激起他们心中的爱国情怀。此外,老师可以鼓励师生通过平台检索家乡的史料,扩大阅读,积累知识,慢慢积淀,逐步上升为小论文、小课题,进而转化为校本课程,适应新高考改革的要求。

 

AG娱乐网PINGTAIDESHANGXIANSHIFOUHUIDUIQITATONGLEITEBIESHISHOUFEISHUJUKUCHANSHENGCHONGJI?ZHEIYESHIXUDUOYUHUIXUEZHEDEYIWEN。DUICI,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUOFUSUOZHANGJINYILIN、LUOMIN、ZHOUYUEFENGDENGBIAOSHI,PINGTAIWULUNSHIMUQIANDEPIANMUSUOYINJIEDUANHAISHIJIANGLAIKENENGXIANGYANJIUXINGSHUJUKUZHUANXING,TIGONGYANJIUSHUJUYUQUANWENJIANSUO,DOUBUHUIHEQITATONGLEISHUJUKUCHANSHENGJINGZHENGGUANXI。ZHENGSHIYINWEIPINGTAISHIGONGYIKAIFANGDE,CAIHUIZAIGENBENSHANGBIMIANGELEISHUJUKUDEZHONGFUAGYULEWANG,JIANSHAOZIYUANLANGFEI,JINERCUJINQITASHUJUKUZHILIANGDETISHENG。

 

 



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