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革命史 【字体:

LU YI: DAGEMINGSHIQIZHONGGONG“HUSHIJUNSHI”SHUOBIANXI

作者: 文章来源:AG娱乐网

 

AG娱乐网ZHAIYAO: ZHANGQIYILAI,RENMENDADUORENWEIDAGEMINGSHIQIZHONGGONGPIANMIANZHUZHONGMINZHONGYUNDONG,HUSHILEJUNSHIGONGZUO,CONGERSANGSHILEJUNDUILINGDAOQUAN。DANCISHUOBINGBUWANQUANFUHESHISHI,ZHONGGONGDANGSHIQISHIXIANGDANGZHONGSHIJUNSHIGONGZUO。TAZHISUOYIWEINENGZHANGWOJUNDUILINGDAOQUAN,SHIYUQIQUEFAJINGFEIHEWUQI,YIJILAIZIGONGCHANGUOJIDEGANYUHEGUOMINDANGDEDIZHIMIQIEXIANGGUANDE。TEBIESHIZAIMIANLIWEICHIDEDANGNEIHEZUOKUANGJIANEI,YAOXIANGZHANGWOJUNQUAN,JIHUSHIYIXIANGBUKENENGWANCHENGDERENWU。

 

AG娱乐网GUANJIANCI: DAGEMINGSHIQI ZHONGGONG JUNSHIGONGZUO GONGCHANGUOJI GUOMINDANG

 

AG娱乐网XUESHUJIEZHANGQIYILAILIUCHUANYIZHONGGUANDIAN,RENWEIDAGEMINGSHIBAIDEYUANYINZHIYISHIZHONGGONGZAIZHIDAOSIXIANGSHANGGUOFENZHONGSHIMINZHONGYUNDONGERHUSHIJUNSHIGONGZUO,BUDONGDEZHANGWOWUZHUANGDEZHONGYAOXING,CONGERSANGSHILEDUIJUNDUIDELINGDAOQUAN。RUYOULUNZHEQIANGDIAO: “ZAIZHEIYISHIQI,DANGDEZHUYAOLINGDAORENZAIZHONGGUOGEMINGWENTISHANG,TEBIESHIWUZHUANGDOUZHENGWENTISHANG,ZHIDAOSIXIANGSHANGCUNZAIZHEYANZHONGCUOWU”,“GONGZUOZHONGXINDOUSHIFADONGHEZHENGQUQUNZHONG……GEMINGDELINGDAOQUAN,TEBIESHIJUNQUANDOUBEIFANGQILE”①。SUIRANZHEIYILUNDUANCONGZONGTISHANGSHUOBUWUDAOLI,DANQIZHONGDUIDANGSHIZHONGGONGDEJUNSHIGONGZUOWANQUANMOSHA,ZEXIANRANYOUSHIPIANPO,ERQIEJIANGZHONGGONGWEIZHANGWOJUNDUILINGDAOQUANDEZERENJINGUIJIUYUJIWEIZHUYAOLINGDAOREN,YIWEIMIANSHIZHIJIANDAN。SHIJISHANG,ZHEIZHONGZHUANGKUANGDECHUXIANSHIYOUSHIFENFUZADEKEGUANBEIJINGDE,DANCHUNCONGZHUGUANRENSHISHIWULAIJIESHIHUOXUSHAOXIANPIANMIAN。GUANYUCIWENTI,JINNIANLAIYIYOUXUEZHECHANGSHIYUYICHENGQING②。BUGUOCONGCAILIAOFAJUEHELUNZHENGLUOJILAIKAN,SIHURENGYOUJINYIBUBIANXIDEKONGJIAN,BENWENJINIJIUCIZHANKAIXIANGLUN。

 

一、中共对军事的重视

 

KUIZHUSHISHI,ZHONGGONGZAICHUANGJIANCHUQIHEDAGEMINGSHIQIDUIJUNSHIGONGZUOYIJINGXIANGDANGZHONGSHI。ZAOZAI1922NIAN,ZHOUENLAIJIUZHICHU: “ZHENZHENGGEMINGFEIYAOYOUJIJIANQIANGJIYOUZUZHIDEGEMINGJUNBUKE。MEIYOUGEMINGJUN,JUNFASHIDABUDAODE。”③CAIHESENYESHUO: “JIASHINENGGOUGUQIRENMINWUZHUANGDEZIWEIHEDIKANG,SHIGEDACHENGSHIDESHIMINQUANFUWUZHUANGHUOGONGRENQUANFUWUZHUANG,NEIMO,MINZHUGEMINGMEIYOUBUCHENGGONG,FENGJIANDEWURENZHENGZHI,MEIYOUBUBENGDAODE。”③1924NIAN,DENGZHONGXIAYIYOUGANYU“XIANZAIHAIFENGHENGSHANDENONGMIN,QISHIHECHANGBUXIONGQIEZHUANG,ZHONGYUYINWEITUSHOU,BEICHENJIONGMINGZHAOHENGTIDADEYANXIAOHUIMIELE”,YINERTICHU: “ZAIGUOMINQUNZHONGGEMINGSICHAOHEGEMINGXINGDONGYIDAOJIJULIEJIXIONGYONGDESHIHOU,JUNSHIHUODONGBUTEBUKEFEI,ERQIESHIZHONGYAOGONGZUOZHIYI。”TAHAIQIANGDIAO: “BINGSHIYUNDONGQUEYUQITAGUOMINYUNDONGYOUBINGXINGBUBEIZHIKENENGYUBIYAO”。④YUCITONGSHI,PENGPAIYEKANDAONONGMIN“YOUYIWUZHUANGZHIYAOQIUWEIZUIQIE”,CONGERDUANYAN: “DANGCIZHENYAFANGEMINGZHISHI,NONGMINFEIYOUWUZHUANGBUCHENG,ERQIENONGMINXIEHUIZHIGENBENWENTIYIFEINONGMINYOUWUZHUANGBUCHENG”,“BUJIANLINONGMINDEWUZHUANGDUIWU,BUBAHAODEWUQIFAJITAMEN,AGYULEWANGDEGONGZUOJIUDEBUDAOBIYAODEJIEGUO”。TAHAIYOUZHENDUIXINGDIZHICHU: “GUANGYOUXUANCHUANGUDONGERWUWUQISHISHENMEYEGANBUCHENGDE。”⑤

 

CHUANTONGGUANDIANCHANGCHANGBAYUNDAIYINGSHIWEIHUSHIJUNSHIDEDIANXING⑥,BINGYINQIYIXIEYANLUNWEIZHENG,RUTACENGSHUO,DUIGONGNONGMINZHONGDE“XUANCHUAN,ZUZHI,XUNLIAN,JIUJINGSHIBIJUNSHIYUNDONGSHIBAIBEIZHONGYAODESHI”⑦,SHENZHIHAISHUOGUO: “AGYULEWANGBUKAOLIANJIDUIJINGBINGQUDATIANXIA……AGYULEWANGKAOXUANCHUANDEGONGZUO;KAOYIZHANGZUI、YIZHIBI,XUANCHUANNEIXIEYINGDANGYAOQIUGAIZAOSHIJIEDERENQILAIXUEAGYULEWANGYITONGGAIZAOSHIJIE。”⑧DANSHISHISHANG,YUNDAIYINGHOULAICENGCHENGQING: “AGYULEWANGYUANSHUODEJUNSHIYUNDONG,BENYOUXIESHIZHIZHEXIANGLIYONGFANDONGSHILI(RUFANZHIXIYUYIPAIDIGUOZHUYIDEBANGZHU),YITUJIXIAO;XIANGZAIJUNDUIZHONGZHANZHONGYAOWEIZHIYIZUOYOUJUNDUIXINGDONGDERENERSHUODE”⑨。ZHEISHUOMINGTAFANDUIDEZHISHINEIZHONGZHUANMENLONGLUOJUNGUANDEZUOFA,BINGBUFANDUIZAIBINGSHIZHONGXUANCHUANGEMING。TAHAIZHUZHANGJUNSHIYUXUANCHUANBINGJU,BINGTANCHENGDAO: “GEMINGSHIBUNENGJUEDUITUOLIWULIZHANDOUDESHOUDUANDE”⑩,“MINZHUGEMINGYAOJIAJUNDUIYUQUNZHONGZHILI……GEMINGWEIYOUFEIYOUJUNDUIZANZHU,SHIQUNZHONGBOFAZHIGANQINGDEYIZENGZHANGERNENGCHENGGONGZHE”(11)。1925NIAN,TAYOUZAI《XUESHENGJUNYUJUNSHIYUNDONGWENTI》YIWENZHONGXIEDAO: “ZIRANAGYULEWANGBUZANCHENGZHIZHIZHONGSHIWULI,BAMINZHONGDEXUANCHUANYUZUZHIZHIZHINAOHOUDETAIDU,AGYULEWANGXIANGXINZHIYOUMINZHONGYIJINGYOULEXIANGDANGDEXUANCHUANZUZHIZHIHOU,CAITANDESHANGWUZHUANGBAODONG……DANSHIZAIYOULEXIANGDANGDEXUANCHUANZUZHIDEGONGZUOYIHOU,HUOZHEBIANZAIXUESHENGJUNYUNDONGZHONGJIANAGYULEWANGKELIYONGYIJINXINGAGYULEWANGDEXUANCHUANZUZHIDEGONGZUO,AGYULEWANGYIZANCHENGJINXINGXUESHENGJUNZHIZUZHIYUJUNSHIYUNDONG”。TAHAISHUO: “AGYULEWANGYIWEIJIARUJUNDUIZHONGWEIBINGSHI,ZIRANSHIJIENABINGSHIFASHENGZUZHIZUIHAOZHIYIFA……WENZIXUANCHUANDUIYUFANDONGJUNFAXIAZHIBINGSHISHIWUSHENBIYIDE”。(12)YOUCIKEJIAN,YUNDAIYINGBINGWEIWANQUANFOUDINGJUNSHIGONGZUO。

 

1925NIANDEWUSAYUNDONG、LIANGCIDONGZHENGHETONGYIGUANGDONGGEMINGGENJUDIDENGDOUZHENGSHIJIAN,SHIZHONGGONGDUIWUZHUANGDOUZHENGZHONGYAOXINGDERENSHIYOUCHANSHENGLEYIGEFEIYUE。RUJUQIUBAIBIANZHICHU: WUSAYUNDONGZHISUOYIBUNENGQUDEWANQUANSHENGLI,QIZHONGYIGEZHONGYAOYUANYINSHI“MEIYOUZHENZHENGRENMINDEWULI”,YINCIYING“WUZHUANGPINGMIN,CHENGLIQUANGUOTONGYIGUOMINGEMINGJUN”(13)。1926NIAN,TAYOUZHUANMENZHUANXIE《ZHONGGUOGEMINGZHONGZHIWUZHUANGDOUZHENGWENTI》YIWENTICHU: ZHONGGUOMINZHONGGUOQUYISHIWEI、DIZHI、BAGONGDENGFANGSHIJINXINGDOUZHENG,RUJIN“YIJINGDAOLEWUZHUANGZHIJIEJUEZHANDEZHUNBEISHIQI,YIJINGDAOLEJIANGJINJUESIZHANZHENGDESHIJI”,“ZAIZHEIYISHIQI,GEMINGZHANZHENGSHIZHUYAODEFANGSHI”。TAHAITEBIEQIANGDIAO: “ZHONGGUOGUOMINGEMINGLIJIDUANXUYAOGEMINGDEZHENGSHIJUNDUI”,“CONGSHIYUGEMINGDEZUOZHAN……ERHOUZHONGGUOPINGMINCAIYOUCHEDIJIEFANGDEXIWANG。”ZONGZHI,ZAIJUQIUBAIKANLAI,“XIANSHIGEMINGYUNDONGDEZHONGXINWENTI,YIJINGSHISHIXINGZHUNBEIGEMINGZHANZHENG、QIUYUZUIDUANQIJIANTUIFANZHONGGUOXIANZAIDETONGZHI,DIGUOZHUYIZAIZHONGGUODEZHENGZHITONGZHIJUNFAZHIDU”(14)。

 

ZAICIQIJIAN,JUQIUBAIHAIZHENDUIGEBIEREN(RUPENGSHUZHI)ZHUZHANGGEMINGDEWUZHUANGBAODONGYAODENGDAOYOULE“CHONGFENDEWUZHUANGZHUNBEI”HE“SHENGLIDEBAOZHANG”ZHIHOUCAINENGJINXINGDEGUANDIANTICHUPIPING,RENWEI“ZHEISHI‘XIANXUANCHUAN,ZAIZUZHI,RANHOUWUZHUANGBAODONG’DELAOGONGSHIZHIXINXINGSHI,ERQIEGENGJIASIBANLEYICENG”,WUCHANJIEJIDERENWUSHISHIQUNZHONGDE“ZHENGZHIDOUZHENGYUJUNSHIDOUZHENGXIANGJIEHE,BINGLINGDAOZHI;QUEBUSHIZHUZHANG‘JUEDUIPAOQIJUNSHIXINGDONG’ERZHUANLAILIANXISHUSHENGSHIDEDUZHUANDE‘KEXUEDEGEMINGFANGFA’”。YINCI,“GEMINGFAZHANDAOXIANSHIDEJIEDUAN,GONGRENJIEJIZHENGQUGEMINGJUNDUISHIYOUQIJINJIERZHONGYAODEZERENLE”。TAHAIMINGQUETICHUZHANGWOJUNSHILINGDAOQUANDERENWU,RENWEIWUCHANJIEJIZHENGQUGEMINGJIQIWUZHUANGZHILINGDAOQUANSHI“WANFENBIYAO”DE。(15)

 

CIWAI,YIWANGRENMENZAISHUJIDAGEMINGSHI,YIBANDOUHUIZHIZECHENDUXIUHUSHILEJUNSHI。ZHEIXIANRANGUOFENKUADALEQIZAIDANGNEIDEYINGXIANG。JUWANGRUOFEIHUIYI: “CISHIZHONGGUODANGDELINGDAOYOUSANGEZHONGXIN: SHANGHAI——CHENDUXIU、SHUZHI、QIUBAI、C.YDEBISHI、GUOJIDAIBIAOWEIJINSIJI。BEIJING——LIDAZHAO、SHIYAN、QIAONIAN、GUOJIDAIBIAOJIALAHAN。GUANGDONG——CHENYANNIAN、ENLAI、GUODAO、GUOJIDAIBIAOBAOLUOTING、JUNSHIJIALUN。XINGSHISHANGGEDIDOUSHOUZHONGYANGLINGDAO,ZHONGYANGDANGSHIHAIZUOLEXIEGONGZUO,DANXUDUOWENTIGEDISHIDULIZUOZHUDE。XUDUOYIJIANZHONGYANGZHUZHANGSHIBUNENGDAOGEDIDE,RUCHENDUXIUFANDUIBEIFA,DANBINGWEIYINGXIANGDAOGUANGDONG。BEIFANGDAZHAOTONGZHIDEYIJIANSHIZHUYAODE。”(16)KEJIANCHENDUXIUDEYINGXIANGLIBINGBUXIANGGUOQURENMENXIANGXIANGDENEIMEDA。LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZHEIZHONGKANFAZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGYEHULVELECHENDUXIUSIXIANGDEFUZAXING。1925NIAN7YUE,TAZHENDUIWUSAYUNDONGDESHIBAITICHU: “JIXUWUZHUANGXUESHENG、GONGREN、SHANGREN、NONGMIN,DAOCHUZUZHINONGMINZIWEITUAN,YIDIKANGJUNFAZHIYAPO。”1926NIAN11YUE,TAYOUZAI《GEMINGYUWULI》YIWENZHONGGONGKAISHENGMING: “FANDUI‘GEMINGYAOYOUWULI’,ZHEIZHONGRENBUSHIHUTUDANBIANSHIFANGEMINGZHE。RENHEGUOJIARENHEXINGZHIDEGEMING,DOUFEIYOUWULIBUCHENG;YINWEIBEIGEMINGDETONGZHIJIEJIDOUYOUQIANGDADEWULI,GEMINGDEBEITONGZHIJIEJIRUGUOMEIYOUWULI,DANGRANBUHUICHENGGONG。”(17)ZHEISHUOMINGCHENDUXIUDUIWUZHUANGDOUZHENGDEZHONGYAOXINGYEBINGFEISHIERBUJIAN。JISHISHIBEIJUQIUBAIPIPINGDEPENGSHUZHI,SUICENGTICHUGEMINGSHIYOUYIDINGBUZHOUDE,DIYIBUSHIXUANCHUAN,DIERBUSHIZUZHI,DISANBUZEWEIWUZHUANGBAODONGHUOJUNSHIXINGDONG,DANTAYIBIAOSHI: “ZIRANXUANCHUANYUZUZHIJUEBUSHISIBANBANDIHUAFENMOUYIQIZHIZUOXUANCHUANMOUYIQIZHUANZUOZUZHI,ERSHIYAOTONGSHIBINGJINDE,JISHIWUZHUANGBAODONGYESHISHICHANGYAOZHUNBEIDE。”(18)

 

AG娱乐网JIUZHONGYANGJUECEERYAN,CISHIDUIJUNSHIGONGZUOZHONGYAOXINGYESHISHIFENQIANGDIAODE。1923NIAN,ZHONGGONGSANDATONGGUODE《XUANYAN》CENGPIPINGGUOMINDANG“JIZHONGQUANLIYUJUNSHIXINGDONG,HUSHILEDUIYUMINZHONGDEZHENGZHIXUANCHUAN”,BINGBIAOSHI,“YIGEGUOMINGEMINGDANGBUDEQUANGUOMINZHONGDETONGQING,SHIYONGYUANBUNENGDANKAOJUNSHIXINGDONGKEYICHENGGONGDE”,YINERXIWANGTAJINHOU“SHIFENZHUYIDUIYUMINZHONGDEZHENGZHIXUANCHUAN,WUSHIQUYIGEXUANCHUANDEJIHUI,YIZAOCHENGGUOMINGEMINGZHIZHENZHENGZHONGXINSHILI,YISHULIGUOMINGEMINGZHIZHENZHENGLINGXIUDIWEI”(19)。ZHEIDUANHUAGUOQUCHANGBEIWUJIEWEIZHONGGONGZHUZHANG“XUANCHUANZHONGYUJUNSHI”,DANZIXIFENXI,TAQISHISHIZHENBIANGUOMINDANG“ZHUANLIJUNSHI”DEPIANMIANQINGXIANG,ZHIZAIGAOJIEQIBIXUJIANGUERZHE,BINGBUBAOHANZHONGGONGZISHENKEYIZHIJUNSHIGONGZUOYUBUGUDEZHISHI。

 

SHIJISHANG,SUIZHEMINZHONGYUNDONGDEFAZHAN,ZHONGGONGYIJINGKAISHIKAOLVWUZHUANGGONGNONGDEWENTI。1924NIAN5YUE,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGTONGGUODE《NONGMINBINGSHIJIANDEGONGZUOWENTIYIJUEAN》TICHU: “NONGMINHEDIANNONGZHIJIANDOUKEYIXUANCHUANZUZHIXIANGTUAN,WUZHUANGNONGMINYIFANGFEIHUO。”1925NIAN1YUE,ZHONGGONGSIDATONGGUODE《DUIYUNONGMINYUNDONGZHIYIJUEAN》YEHAOZHAO: “XUANCHUANBINGKUODANONGMINZIWEIJUNDEZUZHI,BINGGUDONGCHONGDANGMINTUANXIANGTUANZHINONGMINTUOLITUHAODIZHUZHIGUANXI,JIARUNONGMINZIWEIJUN,ZHEIZHONGNONGMINZIWEIJUN,YINGZAIAGYULEWANGDEZHENGZHIZHIDAOZHIXIA。”TONGNIAN10YUE,ZHONGYANGYOUTAOLUNLEWUZHUANGGONGRENDEWENTI,TICHUYINGDANG“YOUZUZHIDEQUYUBEIWUZHUANGGONGRENJIEJIZHONGZUIYONGGANZHONGSHIDEFENZI。YINGDANGJIXUKUODAGONGRENZIWEIJUNDEZUZHI,BUDANZAITIELUSHANGKUANGSHANLI,ERQIEZAISHAODAXIEDEGONGCHANGLIYEYAOJINXINGZHEIZHONGGONGZUO,YAOZUZHIQINGNIANGONGRENDEWUZHUANGSHIRENDUIBAIRENDUIDENG,YINCIZHONGYANGWEIYUANHUIZHIXIABIXUSHELIJUNSHIWEIYUANHUI”。TONGSHIFABIAODE《GAONONGMINSHU》YETICHU: “YOUNONGMINXIEHUIZUZHIZIWEIJUN,BINGYAOQIUZHENGFUFAJIQIANGDAN”,“GEJIZHIXINGWEIYUANHUIJUNDEZHIDINGRUOGANRENZUZHITESHUTUANTI,BANLIZIWEIJUN”。(20)1926NIAN2YUE,ZHONGYANGZAIBEIJINGZHAOKAIDETEBIEHUIYIGENGZHICHU: “ZI‘WUSA’YIHOU,ZHONGGUODECHAOLIUYIJINGYOUXUANCHUANQUNZHONGZUZHIQUNZHONGERJINYUKAISHIWUZHUANGQUNZHONGDESHIQI……YINCIZHONGGUOC.P.DEJUNSHIGONGZUO,MUQIANYIDAOYAOZHUNBEIWUZHUANGQUNZHONG……JUNSHIGONGZUO,MUQIANZAIC.P.LIYIZHANZUIZHONGYAODEDIWEI,ZHONGGUOC.P.YINGTEBIEZHUYICIXIANGGONGZUO”,“WEIZHIXINGYISHANGDEGONGZUO,C.P.ZHONGYANGYINGJIANYIQIANGYOULIDEJUNWEI”(21)。

 

AG娱乐网BEIFAZHANZHENGKAISHIHOU,ZHONGGONGJINYIBURENSHIDAOZHANGWOWUZHUANGDEZHONGYAOXING。1926NIAN7YUE,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGKUODAZHIXINGWEIYUANHUIHUIYITONGGUODE《JUNSHIYUNDONGYIJUEAN》ZAICIQIANGDIAO: “ZHONGGUOMUQIANSHIDAIMINZUGEMINGSECAIDEJUNSHISHILIYUFANDONGJUNFAWUZHUANGCHONGTUDEJULIESHIQI”,“BENDANGSHIWUCHANJIEJIGEMINGDEDANG,SUISHIDOUXUZHUNBEIWUZHUANGBAODONGDEDANG,ZAIMINZUGEMINGDEJINCHENGZHONG,YINGGAICANJIAWUZHUANGDOUZHENGDEGONGZUO,ZHUZHANGJINBUDEJUNSHISHILI,CUIHUIFANDONGDEJUNFASHILI,BINGJIANCIFAZHANGONGNONGQUNZHONGDEWUZHUANGSHILI”。ZHEICIHUIYIHAIMINGQUETICHULE“JUNSHIGONGZUOSHIDANGDEGONGZUODEYIBUFEN”DEZHONGYAOLUNDUAN,ZHEISHIZHONGGONGDIYICIYIJUEYIDEXINGSHICHANSHUDUIWUZHUANGDOUZHENGDERENSHI。(22)

 

AG娱乐网DAGEMINGSHIQI,ZHONGGONGBUJINZAISIXIANGRENSHISHANGQIANSUOWEIYOUDIZHONGSHIWUZHUANGDOUZHENG,ERQIEHAIJINXINGLEYIXILIEJUNSHIGONGZUODESHIJIAN。SHOUXIAN,ZAIDALIKAIZHANMINZHONGYUNDONGDETONGSHIYEKAISHIZHUYIWUZHUANGGONGNONG,XIANGJIJIANLILEYIXIEGONGNONGZIWEIWUZHUANGZUZHI。RUSHENGGANGGONGRENZAIDABAGONGZHONGZUZHILE2000DUORENDEGONGRENJIUCHADUI,ZAIDOUZHENGZHONGFAHUILEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。1924NIAN7YUEZHI1926NIAN9YUEZAIGUANGZHOUJUBANDELIUJIENONGMINYUNDONGJIANGXISUO,YE“YOUZHUZHONGYUJUNSHIXUNLIAN”,BAJUNSHIXUNLIANZUOWEIZHONGYAONEIRONG,LIERUJIAOYUDAGANG,“QUANTIXUESHENGZHUNJUNSHIBIANZU”,TONGGUOZHENGGUIJUNSHIXUNLIAN,“YANGCHENGYOUZUZHIYOUJILVZHINONGMINYUNDONGGANYUAN,TONGSHIWEIWUZHUANGNONGMINZHIZHUNBEI”(23)。

 

QICI,XIANGHUANGPUJUNXIAOPAICHUXUDUODANG、TUANYUANRENJIAOGUANHEXUEYUAN,XIANGGUOMINGEMINGJUNHEGUOMINJUNJIQIJUNSHIXUEXIAOPAIQIANJUNSHIGANBU,DANRENZHONGXIAJILINGDAOZHIWU,BINGZAIQIZHONGZUOZHENGZHIGONGZUO,FAZHANYOUXIUFENZIJIARUGONGCHANDANG。JU1926NIAN12YUE5RIDE《ZHONGYANGJUBAOGAO》,“QUANGUOZAIJUNZHONGGONGZUOTONGZHIYOUYIQIANWUBAIRENZUOYOU”(24)。ZHONGGONGHAIZAIYIXIEBUDUIZHONGJIANLIZHIBU,CONGERZHIJIEZHANGWOLEBUFENWUZHUANGLILIANG,ZHEIXIEBUDUICHENGWEIDAGEMINGSHIBAIHOUZHONGGONGJINXINGWUZHUANGQIYI、CHUANGJIANRENMINJUNDUIDEJIGANLILIANG。DUICI,ZHUDEHOULAICENGSHUO: “DAGEMINGSHIDAI,XUDUOJINXINGJUNSHIYUNDONGDETONGZHI,DANGSHIZHONGYANGJUNWEIDEFUZERENZHOUENLAI、NIERONGZHEN、LIFUCHUNDENGTONGZHI,YIJIDANGSUOJUBANDEMIMIJUNSHIXUNLIANBANDETONGZHI,DUIAGYULEWANGJUNDECHUANGJIANSHIYOUGONGLAODE。MEIYOUTAMENSUOJINXINGDEJUNSHIYUNDONG,JIUBUNENGYOUDULITUAN,JIUBUNENGYOUNANCHANG、QIUSHOU、GUANGZHOU、XIANGNANDENGQIYI。DANGDEJUNWEIDANGSHIYECENGXUANPAIGANBUDAOHUANGPUJUNXIAOXUEXI,HAOXIERENHOULAICHENGLEHONGJUNDEGUGAN。”(25)

 

AG娱乐网ZONGZHI,WULUNSHICONGSIXIANGRENSHIHAISHIJUTISHIJIANLAIKAN,ZHONGGONGZAIDAGEMINGSHIQIDOUMEIYOUHUSHIJUNSHIGONGZUO,ERSHICHENGXIANCHUYIZHONGYUELAIYUEZHONGSHIDEQUXIANG。GUANYUZHEIYIDIAN,CAIHESENCENGYOUGUOYIGEJIAOWEIGONGYUNDEPANDUAN: “AGYULEWANGDEDANGDUIYUJUNSHIYUNDONGYEYOUZHUYI,QIEYOUHAODEJIEGUO,CUJINLEJUNFADEFENHUA,SHIYIBUFENJUNFAQINGXIANGYUGEMING”(26)。MAOZEDONGGENGSHIXIANGXIMIAOSHUSHUO: CONG1921NIANZHI1924NIANDESANSINIANZHONG,ZHONGGONGHAI“BUDONGDEZHIJIEZHUNBEIZHANZHENGHEZUZHIJUNDUIDEZHONGYAOXING”,“DANSHICONGYIJIUERSINIANCANJIAHUANGPUJUNSHIXUEXIAOKAISHI,YIJINDAOLEXINDEJIEDUAN,KAISHIDONGDEJUNSHIDEZHONGYAOLE。JINGGUOYUANZHUGUOMINDANGDEGUANGDONGZHANZHENGHEBEIFAZHANZHENG,DANGYIZHANGWOLEYIBUFENJUNDUI”(27)。

 

二、缺乏经费与武器

 

SUIRANDAGEMINGSHIQIZHONGGONGXIANGDANGZHONGSHIJUNSHIGONGZUO,QUEWEINENGZHANGWOJUNDUILINGDAOQUAN,ZHEIJUTIBIAOXIANZAIMEIYOUJIANLIZIJIDEQIANGDAWUZHUANGHEWUFAZHENGQUDAOGENGDUODEGUOMINDANGJUNDUILIANGGEFANGMIAN。ZAIDULIJIANJUNDEWENTISHANG,JINGUAN“AGYULEWANGBANGZHULEGUOMINDANGJIANJUN,KAISHIRENSHILEJUNDUIDEZHONGYAO,DANBUSHIZIJIGAO,ERSHIBANGZHURENGAO”(28)。YINGGAISHUO,ZHONGGONGZAIZHEIFANGMIANMEIYOUBIAOXIANCHUZUGOUDEDANSHIHEPOLI,JIEGUOYIWULEDALIFAZHANDESHIJI。1927NIAN1YUE,ZHANGGUODAOCENGTIDAO: “YOUXIETONGZHITICHULEJIANLIXINDEGONGNONGJUNDUIDEWENTI,KESHIMEIYOUZHICHUJIANJUNDEJUTIBANFA……AGYULEWANGYIJINGTICHUZHEIGEWENTIJIAYIYANJIU,HENKUAIJIUHUIDEDAOJIEJUE。”(29)DANZHEIYIWENTISHIZHONGWEIDEDAOTUOSHANJIEJUE。DUICI,BAQIHUIYICENGZHICHU: “SUIRANJUNSHIWENTIHENZHONGYAO,RANERDIWUCIDAHUIMEIYOUTEBIEQUTAOLUN,ERZHONGYANGJUNWEITAOLUNLESIGEYUEJUNDUIZHONGGONGZUODEWENTI,RENGJIUSHIMEIYOUJUEDING。”(30)WANGRUOFEIHOULAIYESHUO: “AGYULEWANGRENWEIWUDAZHICUO,BUZAIYUWEIMEISHOUTUDI,ERSHIWEIZHIJIEQUGAOZHENGQUANJUNDUI……ZHONGXINWENTISHIMEIYOUZHUYIGAOWUZHUANG。”(31)

 

WENTIDEGUANJIANZAIYU,ZHEIZHONGZHUANGKUANGYOUSHIRUHEZAOCHENGDE?ZHONGGONGWEIHEDUIDULIJIANJUNBIAOXIANDERUCICHIYIYOUYUHEZHANQIANGUHOUNI?SHOUXIAN,ZHEIYUQIQUEFAJINGFEIHEWUQILAIYUANYOUGUAN。YOUYUZHONGGONGBINGFEIZHIZHENGDANG,BUZHANYOUXINGZHENGHECAIZHENGZIYUAN,YINCIHENNANHUODEJINGFEIHEWUQI。DANGSHI,ZHANGSHAXIANNONGMINXIEHUIJUEDINGXUNLIAN500MINGNONGMINZIWEIJUN,“YEYOU200YUNONGMINZHENGZAIRIYEXUNLIAN,DANSHIJINGFEIWUZHE,JINXINGHENGANKUNNAN,DANJIUMEITIANHUOSHIERLUN,JIYINANYUWEICHI”。ERRUCHENGXIANSHENZHIZAINONGJUNGANBUXUNLIANBANDEZHAOSHENGJIANZHANGZHONGYAOQIUXUEYUANZIDAIQIANGDAN,WUQIANGDANZHEBUSHOU,“GAIXIANGMEIYOUQIANGZHI,BIANXIANGTAXIANGTUANTIHEGERENJIEYONGJUNKE”,YOUCIKEJIANQIWUQIZHIKUIFA。(32)MARISHIBIANFASHENGHOU,ZHONGGONGFANGMIANYEZONGJIE: “GONGNONGJIUCHADUI,ZAIGUOQUMEIYOUJINGGUOYANGEDEJUNSHIXUNLIAN,ERTAMENDEQIANGDAN,YIBUFENSHIZHENGFUFAJIDE,YIBUFENSHIJIESHOUTUANFANGJUDE,ZHENGFUFADEDUOBANSHIJIUDEHUOZHESHIXIUHUAILEDE,JIESHOUTUANFANGJUDEDUOBANSHIMEIYOUZIDANDEJIUXIANGQIANG,SUOYIZONGSHUSUIYOUERBAIYUZHI,SHIJISHANGNENGZUOYONGDEBUGUOLIUQISHIZHI”(33)。

 

1927NIAN7YUE,GUOGONGLIANGDANGLIANHEZHAOKAIDETUDIWEIYUANHUIKUODAHUIYICENGTONGGUOYIJUEAN: “WEIGONGGUNONGMINZHENGQUANQIJIAN,YINGYIFANGMIANAGYULEWANGNONGMINBENSHENZHIWUZHUANG,YIFANGMIANXIAOMIENONGCUNZHONGFEINONGMINZHIWUZHUANG,BINGQINGZHONGYANGXIALING,GUOMINZHENGFUSUOSHUZHIBINGQIZHIZAOCHANG,YINGYI5%ZHI10%DECHUPIN,GONGJINONGMIN。ZUZHINONGMINWUZHUANGWEIYUANHUI,YUJUNSHIWEIYUANHUIZHIDAOZHIXIA,FENPEIJUNXIEYUNONGMIN。”(34)DANCIANBINGWEIHUODEGUOMINDANGZHONGYANGPIZHUN,GENBENWUFASHIXIAN。ERXIADOUYINPANBIANHOU,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANG“JUEDINGCHENGJIKUODAGONGRENJIUCHADUI,XIANGGUOMINDANGZHONGYANGYAOQIUFAQIANGJIYUEFEI,WANGJINGWEIDENGYECENGKOUTOUYINGYUNFAQIANG2000ZHIJIYUEFEIRUOGAN;DANHOULAITAMENYOUGUYITUIYANBUFA”(35)。DANGSHIHAIQIAFENGHUBEISHENGZHENGFUGAIZU,TONGQINGGONGNONGYUNDONGDEDENGYANDAXIWANGNENGZIJIANJUNSHITINGZHANG,JIANLIYIZHIYOULIDEGONGNONGBUDUI,YIWEIHUOJIANGJIESHIYUNZHUN(36)。DENGYANDACISHIRENGSHOUJIANGJIESHIXINREN,BINGGUANJUZONGZHENGZHIBUZHURENJIANHUBEISHENGZHENGWUWEIYUANHUIZHURENZHIZHI,QIYUJIANLIYIZHIGONGNONGWUZHUANGSHANGBUKEDE,GENGHUANGLUNZHONGGONGLE。

 

MIANDUIZHEIZHONGQUEFAJINGFEIHEWUQIDEKUNJING,CHENDUXIUCENGZAIZHONGGONGZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUHUIYISHANGZHIJIELEDANGDIBIAOSHI: “ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIAAGYULEWANGMEIYOUKENENGJIANLIZIJIDEWUZHUANGLILIANG。”SHISHISHANG,SULIANHEGONGCHANGUOJIDAIBIAODUICIKANDEYEHENQINGCHU。1927NIAN1YUE,WEIJINGSIJIXIANGLIANGONG(BU)ZHUGONGCHANGUOJIZHIWEIHUIDAIBIAOTUANBAOGAO: “GUANYUWUZHUANGCHENGSHIGONGRENDEWENTIQINGKUANGHENBUHAO,YINWEIMEIYOUWUQI,YEWUCONGHUODEWUQI。HANKOUDEJIUCHADUI(MINGCHENGBUQUEQIE,GENGYINGCHENGZHIWEIJINWEIJUN)JIHUMEIYOUWUZHUANG……JIHUMEIYOUXIWANGCONGZHENGFUSHOUZHONGDEDAOWUQI”。5YUE,HEMEILIAOFUYIXIANGSUJUNCANMOUBUBAOGAO: YINWEIQUEFAKAIZHANJUNSHIGONGZUODEJINGFEI,GONGRENJIUCHADUIHENONGMINWUZHUANGDEWUQIWENTINANYIJIEJUE,“NONGMINYOUJIDUIZAIDUOSHUQINGKUANGXIAYOUWUQIERMEIYOUZIDAN”,YOUSHINONGDAOLEHUANGSEZHAYAO,QUEMEIYOUJIQIDUIQIJINXINGBIYAODEJIAGONG,“SUOZUODEYIQIEDOUSHIYIXIAOPIZHONGGUOTONGZHIYONGZUIYUANSHIDEFANGFA,MAOZHEHENDADESHENGMINGWEIXIANFAMINGCHUANGZAOCHULAIDE”。SHIZHI6YUE,BAOLUOTINGYESHUO: “XIANZAIWUZHUANGGONGNONGSHIJISHANGSHIBUKENENGDE。HANYANGBINGGONGCHANGMEITIANSHENGCHAN200ZHIQIANG,DOUBEIJUNFANAZOULE……YINCI,XIANZAIWUZHUANGGONGNONGDEKOUHAOMEIYOUSHIJIYIYI,TASHIJISHANGSHIBUKENENGDE。”ZHIDAODAGEMINGSHIBAIHOUHUIMOSIKEHUIBAOSHI,TARENGRANJIANCHISHUO: “DANGNIMENMEIYOURENHEKENENGCONGRENHEDIFANGNONGDAOYIZHIBUQIANGDESHIHOU,GENBENJIUTANBUSHANGWUZHUANGZHENZHENGNENGGOUTONGZHENGGUIJUNZUOZHANDEQUNZHONGWENTI……QINGNIMENXIANGXIN,AGYULEWANGJINLEYIQIENULI,DAOCHUQUGAOWUQIZHUANGBEI,DANSHIGAODAODESHIZAITAISHAOTAISHAO。”(37)

 

三、来自共产国际的干预

 

DANGRAN,CISHIZHONGGONGHAIYOUYIGEQIANZAIDEWUQILAIYUAN,NEIJIUSHISULIANHEGONGCHANGUOJI。DANQIAQIAZAIZHEIYIDIANSHANG,ZHONGGUOTONGZHISHOUDAOLEHENDADEJINGSHENDAJI。1927NIAN2YUESHANGHAIGONGRENDIERCIWUZHUANGQIYISHIBAIHOU,GONGCHANGUOJIZHIWEIHUIGUOJILIANLUOBUZHUHUADAIBIAOAERBULIEHETEZAIJIMOSIKEDEXINZHONGSHUO: MUQIANGEMINGDE“QIANJINGFEICHANGHAO。QUNQINGZHENFEN。XIANZAIDEYUANWANGHEJUEXINQIANSUOWEIYOU”,DANSHI“MEIYOUQIAN。JIXUQIAN。YOU5WANYUANJIUKEYIMAIDAOWUQI、SHOULIUDANDENG,KESHIMEIYOUQIAN”,“JIHUMEIYOUWUQI。ZHEIGENGZAO”。MIANDUIZHONGGONGDERUCIJIONGJING,LIANGONG(BU)ZHENGZHIJUCENGJUEDING“BOJIZAISHANGHAIDETONGZHI10WANLUBU”,DANBUDAOSHITIAN,XUANJIYOUCHEXIAOLEZHEIGEJUEDING。(38)HOULAI,ZHANGGUODAOHAICENGXIANGBAOLUOTINGTIYI: SUEZHENGFUJIKEYIJIANGDALIANGJUNHUOGONGYINGBUKEKAODEJIANGJIESHI,WEIHEBUZHIJIEGONGYINGYIXIEJIZHONGGUOGONGNONG?RUGUOSUEZHENGFUYUANYIZHEIYANGZUODEHUA,ZHONGGONGKEYIJINGGUOGONGRENJIUCHADUIHENONGMINZIWEIDUISUOKONGZHIDEGANGKOU,XIEZHUJIEJUEYUNSHUSHANGDEKUNNAN。BAOLUOTINGJUJUELETADETIYI,RENWEIMUQIANJUEBUKENENG,DENGSHIJICHENGSHU,ZAIZUOJIYI。(39)ZHIZHI1927NIAN5YUE,ZHONGGONGCAIDEDAOLIANGONG(BU)ZHONGYANGTIGONGDEMEIYUEQUQU1000MEIYUANDEJUNSHIZUZHIJINGFEI(40)。

 

YANJIZHICI,JIUYAOTIDAOZHONGGONGWEINENGZHANGWOJUNDUILINGDAOQUANDELINGYIYUANYINLE,JILAIZIGONGCHANGUOJIDEGANYU。WUYONGZHIYI,DAGEMINGSHIQIGONGCHANGUOJIJIYULEZHONGGONGJUNSHIGONGZUOXUDUOBANGZHU,DANBUKEFOURENYECUNZAIZHEBUSHAOSHIWU。ZHEIYOUQITIXIANZAIMEIYOUBANGZHUZHONGGONGJIANLIZIJIDEDULIWUZHUANG,ERSHIYAOQIUQIQUANLIXIEZHUGUOMINDANGJUNDUIDEZHENGZHIGONGZUOSHANG。DAGEMINGCHUQI,MOSIKEDUIJIANLIYOUZHONGGONGZHANGWODEGEMINGJUNDUISIHUYEYOUSUOKAOLV,DANSHIZHONGWEIZUOJUEDUAN。1925NIAN7YUE,EGONG(BU)ZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUTAOLUNLEZAIZHONGGUOZUJIAN“HONGSEBUDUI”DEWENTI,HUIYIJUEDING: “GUANYUHONGSEBUDUIDEWENTIYANXIARENGBUZUOJUEDING,JIANGLAIBUFANGQIJIAYISHIXIAN。”9YUE,EGONG(BU)ZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUYOUJUEDING“BUCHONGBOKUAN1.5WANLUBUWEIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENZUZHIJUNZHENGXUNLIANBAN”(41)。KESHIHOULAIYOUYUZHONGGUOZHENGZHIJUNSHIXINGSHIFASHENGLEBIANHUA,MOSIKEKANDAOLIYONGGUANGDONGDEGUOMINGEMINGJUNHEFENGYUXIANGDEGUOMINJUNGENGKUAIJIANXIAO,BIANZAIXIANGDANGZHANGYIDUANSHIJIANNEIDUIZHONGGONGDEJUNSHIGONGZUO,TEBIESHIZUJIANYOUDANGZIJIZHANGWODEGEMINGJUNDUI,WEIYUYIYINGYOUDEZHONGSHI,ZHUANERSHIXINGDALIJIAQIANGDUIGUOMINDANGJUNSHIYUANZHUDEFANGZHEN,LINGZHONGGONGDAOGUOMINDANGJUNDUIZHONGQU“BAOCHILINGDAO”。SIDALINBIANCENGSHUO: “ZAIMUQIAN,YONGXINDEJUNDUI,YONGHONGJUNLAIDAITIXIANZAIDEJUNDUISHIBUKENENGDE,YUANYINHENJIANDAN,JIUSHIZANSHIMEIYOUSHENMEDONGXIKEYIDAITITA。”(42)ER“ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGYINGGAIJILIJIAJINJUNDUIZHONGZHENGZHIDEGONGZUO,SHITACHENGWEIZHONGGUOGEMINGYIZHIDEZHENZHENGDEMOFANDELINGDAOZHE”(43)。

 

ZHENGSHIZAIZHEIYISIXIANGZHIDAOXIA,GONGCHANGUOJIBUJINFANDUIZHONGGONGJIANLIZIJIDEWUZHUANG,ERQIEFANDUIZAIGUOMINGEMINGJUNZHONGQUZHENGQULINGDAOQUAN。1925NIAN8YUE,GONGCHANGUOJIZHIWEIHUIDONGFANGBUZHUANMENZHIDINGDE《GUANYUZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGJUNSHIGONGZUODEZHISHICAOAN》MINGQUEZHICHU,“JINQIYINGDANGBAZUIDADEZHUYILIFANGZAIZUJIANGUOMINDANGJUNDUIHERENMINJUNBUDUISHANG”,BINGYAOQIUZHONGGONGDANGYUANYIGUOMINDANGDEMINGYIZAIGEMINGJUNDUIZHONGJINXINGZHENGZHIGONGZUO: “GONGCHANDANGDESUOYOUJUNSHIRENYUANZAIXINGSHISHANGYIBANDOUYINGANGUOMINDANGDEZUZHIXITONGDIAODONG(ZAIGEBIEQINGKUANGXIAYINMANZIJIDEGONGCHANDANGSHENFEN)。GONGCHANDANGJUNSHIBUDEGONGZUOTONGGUOMINDANGYOUGUANBUDEXIEDIAOYINGDANGTONGGUOGUOMINDANGJUNSHIBUJIGUANDANGDEGONGZUORENYUANLAISHIXIAN”。TONGNIAN9YUE,GONGCHANGUOJIDONGFANGBUZHENGZHISHUJIWAXILIYEFUYOUZHIZEZHONGGONGYOU“CHANSHENGZUOQINGDEWEIXIAN,ERQIEAGYULEWANGDEJUNSHIRENYUANYOUQIHUIHUANZHEIZHONGBINGZHENG”。YINCI,TAYAOQIU: “ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGYINGGANJINZHONGXINSHENCHATONGGUOMINDANGDEXIANGHUGUANXIDEXINGZHI。DUIGUOMINDANGGONGZUODELINGDAOYINGFEICHANGJINSHENDIJINXING。DANGTUANWULUNRUHEBUYINGFAHAOSHILING。GONGCHANDANGBUYINGDANGYAOQIUYIDINGYOUZIJIDEDANGYUANDANRENGUOJIAHEJUNDUIDEYIQIELINGDAOZHIWEI,XIANGFAN,TAYINGDANGJIELIGUANGFANXIYINBUSHIGONGCHANDANGYUANDEGUOMINDANGYUANCANJIAFUZEGONGZUO”。TAHAITEBIEQIANGDIAO: “AGYULEWANGDEJUNSHIRENYUANYINGDANGZHUANMENZAIZHEIFANGMIANJIESHOUZHIDAO”。(44)

 

AG娱乐网ZHEIYISHIQI,BAOLUOTINGHAICENGZAIBEIJINGZHAOKAIHUIYI,JUEDINGPEIZHIJIANGJIESHIDEDI1JUNZUOWEIZHONGXINLILIANG,RENWEIMUQIANBUYIDAZHANGQIGUDIFAZHANZHONGGONGZIJIDULIDEJUNSHILILIANG,YINWEINEIHUIZHAOZHIGUOMINDANGJIANGLINGDEYILV,DUITONGYIZHANXIANFASHENGBULIYINGXIANG,BULIYUBEIFAZHANZHENG。TARENWEIZHONGGONGDANGYUANKEYIYIGUOMINDANGYUANSHENFENZAIGUOMINGEMINGJUNZHONGDANRENGEJIDANGDAIBIAO,ZAIJUNDUIHEHUANGPUJUNXIAOZHONGZHANKAIGONGZUO,ZHIYAOAGYULEWANGBAZHENGZHIGONGZUOZUOHAO,BIANKEKONGZHIJUNDUI。(45)1926NIANZHONGSHANJIANSHIJIANHOU,BAOLUOTINGHUIDAOGUANGZHOU,YOU“JILIDEZHUZHANGAGYULEWANGYINGJIANGSUOYOUDELILIANGYONGHUJIANGJIESHIDEJUNSHIDUCAILAIGONGGUGUANGZHOUGUOMINZHENGFUHEJINXINGBEIFA”。DANGSHIZHENGHAOYOUYIPISULIANYUANZHUJUNHUODAODA,CHENDUXIUYAOQIUCONGZHONGYUNCHU5000ZHIQIANGWUZHUANGGUANGDONGNONGMIN。BAOLUOTINGJIANJUEBUJI,RENWEIZHEIJIANG“REQIGUOMINDANGDEYIJIJINONGMINFANKANGGUOMINDANG”(46)。

 

ZAICIQIJIAN,SULIANBUBONUOFUSHITUANSHENZHIJIANGZHONGSHANJIANSHIJIANDEFASHENGGUIJIUYUZHONGGONG“REZHONGYUGAOJUNSHIGONGZUO,ERQIEJIANGZHEIXIANGGONGZUOJIHUWANQUANJIZHONGZAIGUANGZHOUDEGUOMINGEMINGJUNZHONG。YUCITONGSHI,DANGDUIFAZHANDANGNEIJIAOYUGONGZUOQUEMEIYOUJIYUYINGYOUDEZHUYI,DUIGUANGZHOUZHENGFUDEGUOJIAJIGUANGONGZUOYEMEIYOUJIYUYINGYOUDEZHUYI”,YINERZHUZHANG,JINHOU“YAOBADANGCONGSHIJUNSHIGONGZUODEYIDINGLILIANGZHUANYIDAOQITAGONGZUOLINGYU,SHOUXIANZHUANYIDAODANGNEIJIAOYUGONGZUOZHONGQU”。CANYUCHULISHIJIANDEGUOJIDAIBIAOMUXINZAIBAOGAOZHONGYESHUO: “GONGCHANDANGRENZAIGUOMINGEMINGJUNZHONGDERENWUYINGGAISHITONGGUOANGUOMINDANGXITONGKAIZHANZHENGZHIGONGZUOLAIGONGGUHEJIAQIANGJUNDUI。”TASHENZHIZHUZHANG: “YINGGAIZHUNBEIQUXIAOJUNDUIZHONGDULIDEGONGCHANDANGZHIBU,RUGUOZHEIXIEZHIBUDECUNZAISHIJUNDUIZHONGFASHENGJILIEDOUZHENGDEYUANYIN,YINERBUSHIYOUZHUYUJUNDUIDEGONGGUERXIANGFANQUESHIJIASUTADEWAJIEDEHUA。GONGCHANDANGRENDERENWUSHIZUNXUNGUOGONGLIANGDANGGONGTONGZHISHIZAIJUNDUINEIDEGONGTONGDEGUOMINDANGZHIBUZHONGZUOGONGZUO。TONGZHONGGUOJIANGLINGYIQIGONGZUOSHI,AGYULEWANGDETONGZHIXUYAOTEBIEYOUFENCUN。JUEBUYUNXUTUCHUGONGCHANDANGREN,RANGGONGCHANDANGRENZHANJUTAIZHONGYAODEZHIWEI,SHITUQUDAIZUIGAOZHIHUIRENYUANHEZHENGGONGRENYUAN。”(47)

 

HAOWUYIWEN,GONGCHANGUOJIDEZHEIZHONGGANYUJIDADIZHIYUELEZHONGGONGDULIFAZHANWUZHUANG。1927NIAN,GONGCHANGUOJIDAIBIAOLUOYICENGPIPINGZHONGGONG: “GUOQUDEGENBENCUOWUSHI,CONGLAIMEIYOUCHANGSHIGUOJIANLIZIJIDEWUZHUANGLILIANG。”(48)CIHUASUIRANQIEZHONGBIDUAN,QUEWEINENGJIESHIBEIHOUYUANYIN。SHIJISHANG,QIAQIASHIGONGCHANGUOJIDEXIANZHIZAOCHENGLEZHEIYIJUMIAN,YIZHIYUBEIFASHIZHONGGONGSUIZAIJIGEJUNDOUPAIYOUDANGDAIBIAOHEZHENGGONGGANBU,DANTAMENZHIHUIBULEBUDUI,“YINWEIQINGKUANGYIBIAN,ZHENGZHIGONGZUORENYUANJIUMEIYOULIZUDEYUDILE”,“KEJIANZHANGWOBUDUIZHIYOUZHENGZHIGONGZUORENYUANSHIBUXINGDE,BIXUYOUCONGSHANGDAOXIADEJUNSHIZHIHUIYUAN”(49)。DUICI,WEIJINGSIJIHOULAIYOUSUORENSHI,TAXIANGMOSIKEBAOGAO: “ZAIJUNDUIZHONGAGYULEWANGZHANJUDEZHIHUIZHIWEIFEICHANGSHAO。YOUZHENGZHIWEIYUANJIZHENGZHIBUMENFUZEREN。XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,ZHEIGENAGYULEWANGJUNDUIZHONGDEQINGKUANGWANQUANBUTONG。ZHENGZHIGONGZUORENYUANDEYINGXIANGBUNENGYUAGYULEWANGZHEILIDEYINGXIANGXIANGBI。”JINGUAN“ZHENGGONGRENYUANDEYINGXIANGBUNENGDIGU”,DAN“XIANZAISUIZHEGEMINGDESHENRU,ZHENGGONGRENYUANDEZUOYONGSUIGENYIQIANYIYANG,DANYISUOXIAODAOZUIDIXIANDU,ZHIKAOXUANCHUAN、ZHIKAOZAIJUNDUIDEZHENGZHIYINGXIANG,AGYULEWANGBUKENENGBAJUNDUILADAOZIJIYIBIAN”。(50)

 

SI、GUOMINDANGDEDIZHI

 

DAGEMINGSHIQIZHONGGONGWEINENGZHANGWOJUNDUILINGDAOQUAN,HAIYOUYIGESHIFENGUANJIANDEYUANYIN,JILAIZIGUOMINDANGDEDIZHI,SHIZHIWUFAZHENGQUDAOGENGDUODEGUOMINDANGJUNDUI。SULIANZHUHUADASHIJIALAHANHENZAOJIUTIHUIDAO: “AGYULEWANGZAINEILI(ZHIGUANGZHOU——YINZHEZHU)SHENMESHIQINGYEBUNENGZUO。NEILIYOUSUN,YOUDANG(ZHIGUOMINDANG——YINZHEZHU),DANBURANGAGYULEWANGDAORENHEYIGEBUDUIZHONGQU。DANGSHIAGYULEWANGWEILEZHENGQURANGAGYULEWANGXIAJUNDUI,ZHENGZHENGYINIANDOUPENGDINGZI。”(51)HOULAIJINGUANSUNZHONGSHANGAIBIANLEKANFA,ZHUZHANGLIYONGZHONGGONGDANGYUANKAIZHANJUNDUIZHENGZHIGONGZUO,DANGUOMINDANGNEIRENGYOUBUSHAORENXINCUNYILV。GONGCHANGUOJIDANGSHIBIANFAXIAN: “JINLAIKEYIKANDAOGUOMINDANGRENQITUBAGONGCHANDANGYUANPAICHUZAIJUNSHILINGDAOGANGWEIZHIWAI”(52),“TAMENDUIGONGCHANDANGYUANBAOYOUHAOBUYANSHIDEKONGJUXINLI”(53)。LIRUHUANGPUJUNXIAOYUDI1JUNDEGUANJIANGANGWEI,JIANGJIESHIJUNXUANPAIGUOMINDANGYUANDANREN。

 

AG娱乐网RUQIANSUOSHU,GONGCHANGUOJICENGJIANGZHONGSHANJIANSHIJIANDEFASHENGGUIJIUYUZHONGGONGZAIJUNDUIZHENGZHIGONGZUODEJIJIN。TANGRUOHUANGEJIAODULAIKAN,CISHUOYEBINGFEIHAOWUDAOLI,ZHONGGONGDANGSHIDUIJUNDUIDESHENTOUQUESHISHIYIXIEGUOMINDANGJIANGLINGDELIYISHOUSUN,YINQIQIJIHENHEBUMAN。SHIJIANFASHENGHOU,SULIANGUWENSIQIEPANNUOFUJICENGBAOGAO: “ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGYUDANGWUZHIGONGZUOJIJUNDUIZHONGZHIXUANCHUANYIZHUCHENGXUDUOCUOWU,BIDENGBUZHIJINLIYUZUZHIGUOMINDANGMOWEIZHUANYI,ZHIZHIYIXIANMINGDEKUOCHONGGONGCHANDANGWEIGONGZUOZHIZONGFANGZHEN,YUZAIGECHUWANQUANBACHIYIQIEZHIHUIZHIQUAN,ZHISHIGUOMINDANGYINJIJIERJIETI。”(54)GONGCHANGUOJIDAIBIAOMUXINYERENWEI: “JIANGJIESHIDE3YUE20RIXINGDONGSHIYOUGUANGZHOUZUIJINYIGESHIQIYILAICHUXIANDEZONGDEJUSHIYINQIDE;DANTAWUYIYOUYUEGUOTONGZHIJIJUNSHIGUWENHEZHENGZHIGUWENYIJIZAIJUNDUIZHONGGONGZUODEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGRENZAIJUNSHIGONGZUOZHONGSUOFANDECUOWUERJIASUHEJIHUALE。JUNDUIJIZHONGGUANLIJINCHENGDEJIAKUAI、ZHENGWEIZHIDEGUOKUAITUIXING、GUOYUCUBAODEZHENGWEIZHITIAOKUANHEDUIZHEIYITIAOKUANDECUBAOYUNYONG、DUIZHONGGUOJIANGLINGDEGUODUOJIANDU、GONGCHANDANGRENDEGUOYUTUCHU、TAMENGUODUODIZHANJUZHONGYAOZHIWEI,YIJIDUIZHONGGUOJIANGLING,BAOKUODUIJIANGJIESHIBENREN,CHANGCHANGCAIQUMEIYOUFENCUNDE‘TONGZHISHIDE’WULIXINGWEI,SUOYOUZHEIYIQIEJIAKUAILE3YUE20RIXINGDONGDEDAOLAIBINGSHIZHIGENGJIAJIHUALE。”(55)JINTIANKANLAI,ZHEIXIEBAOGAODUIZHONGGONGDEZHIZEXIANRANGUOYUMANHAN,DANQIZHONGSUOTIJIDEGUOMINDANGDE“JIJI”XINLIZESHISHISHI。

 

RUGUOSHUOSHANGSHUGONGCHANGUOJIDAIBIAODEYANLUNSHIPIANMIANPIPINGZHONGGONG,NEIMEDUIGUOGONGLIANGDANGJUNYOUSHENRULEJIEDEBAOLUOTING,ZEDUIZHONGGONGBUWUTONGQING,BINGJIAOWEISHENRUDIFENXILEQIJIANDEWEIMIAOGUANXI。TASHUO: “ZAIJUNDUIZHONGGUOMINDANGRENHEGONGCHANDANGRENDEGUANXIYEBUSHIHENHAO。WENTIZAIYU,GONGCHANDANGRENYIZHISHIJUNDUIZHONGZUIYOUXIUZUIZHONGCHENGDEGONGZUORENYUAN,ZAIGECIZHANYIZHONG,BINGQIEBUZHISHIZAIJUNDUIZHONG,ERQIEZAIQITADIFANGDOUBIAOXIANDEZUIYONGGAN。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGBUNENGBUZAIZHIHUIGUANDANGZHONGYINQIMOUZHONGJIDU、MOUZHONGDUILI”,TEBIESHI“ZUIJINJIGEYUE,ZAIJUNDUIZHONGDEGONGCHANDANGRENXIANGDANGDUO,ZHENGYINWEIRUCI,HENNANBIMIANMOUXIEGONGCHANDANGRENFANCUOWU,MEIYOUFENCUN。GONGCHANDANGRENKANDAOYIXIEZHIHUIGUANDEDAOQIE、WANHUZHISHOUXINGWEI,ERTAMENGONGZUOCHUSE、CHENGSHI,TAMENBUNENGBAOCHICHENMO……SUOYIYECHANSHENGYIXIEWUHUI”。BAOLUOTINGZHEIDUANHUAJICHENGZANLEZHONGGONGDANGYUANDEYOUXIUPINZHI,TONGSHIYOUPIPINGQIQUEFAYUGUOMINDANGJUNGUANGAOHAOGUANXIDEJINGYAN,KEYISHUOSHISHENKEDIJIESHILEGUOGONGLIANGDANGZAIJUNDUIZHONGCHANSHENGMOCADEYUANYIN。TAHAICENGZHIJIEZHICHU: “ZHIHUIGUANYIZHITAOYANZHENGZHIWEIYUAN、ZHENGZHIZHIDAOYUANHEYIQIEQITA‘RENSHOU’,TAMENFEICHANGGAOXINGJIANGJIESHICAIQUFANDUIDANGDEXINGDONG。”(56)

 

CHULEYOUYULIYISHOUSUNYINQIDEJIHENXINLIWAI,GUOMINDANGJIANGLINGZHISUOYIPAICHIZHONGGONG,HAIYOUYUDUIQIZAIJUNDUINEIBUDEMIMIZUZHIXINCUNJIEDI。SIQIEPANNUOFUJIURENWEI: ZHONGGONGZAI“JUNDUIZHONGZHENGZHIGONGZUORENYUANZHANJUZHONGYAODIWEI,BIANBUDANGYU,MIMICONGSHIYUGAIBUFENZHANGGUANSUOBUZHIZHIGONGZUO,REQIGEJIJUNGUANJIFEIGONGCHANDANGBUFENGONGZUORENDENGZHIJIJI”(57)。DANGSHI,DONGZHENGJUNDI1SHISHIZHANGHEYINGQINCENGCHAHUODI1SHIZHENGZHIBUZHUREN、GONGCHANDANGYUANLIXIAGONGDEYIFENGXIN。ZAIZHEIFENGXINZHONG,LIXIAGONGXIANGZHONGGONGSHANGJIHUIBAO: “AGYULEWANGYISUIDIYISHIDAODASHITANSANRI,SHANGWEITIANJUBAOGAOZHE,YISIWEIDOUFEITONGZHI,ERYOUTONGJUYISHI(SHIZHANGCANMOUZHANGDENG)。ZHENGZHIBUSUIZICHENGYICHU,YIYINZAYOUWAIREN,SUISHIAGYULEWANGWUYOUJIHUITIANJUBAOGAO。”XINZHONGHAISHUO: “JUNGUANFANGMIANRUHE,SHIZHANGDUIZHENGZHIGONGZUOPONENGRENSHIQIBIYAOYUJIAZHI,GUAGYULEWANGSHANGWUFANGAI,KEANZHONGCHANGXING,JIJIEJIHUIXUANCHUANAGYULEWANGDEZHUZHANG。”(58)BUNANXIANGJIAN,ZHEIZHONGZAIJUNNEIKAIZHANMIMIHUODONGDEJUDONG,BIRANYINQIGUOMINDANGDEJINGKONGBUAN。ZHONGSHANJIANSHIJIANHOU,JIANGJIESHIBIANYAOQIUGONGCHANDANGYUANTUICHUGUOMINGEMINGJUNDI1JUN,RUGUOBUTUICHUJIUTIJIAOMINGDAN。GUOMINDANGDAIBIAOSHAOLIZIYEFENGMINGXIANGGONGCHANGUOJIZHIWEIHUITICHU: “GONGCHANDANGRENZAIJUNDUIZHONGDEPAIBIEZUZHICONGGONGZUORENYUANDIAODONGJIAODULAISHUOYOUSHIFANGAIJUNSHIZHIHUI。ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIAYECHANSHENGYIXIEWUHUIHEDISHI。GUOMINDANGXIWANGGONGCHANDANGRENBUYAOZAIJUNDUIZHONGJIANLIMIMIZUZHI。”(59)ZHEIXIEDOUFANYINGLEGUOMINDANGFANGMIANDEYIJUHEJIEBEIXINLI。

 

BAOKUOHOUSHIPINGJIASHENGAODEDANGDAIBIAOZHIDU,YINWEIDADUOYOUZHONGGONGDANGYUANCHONGREN,SUOYIYEBUKEBIMIANDIZAODAOYIXIEGUOMINDANGJIANGLINGDEDIZHIYUPAIJU,YINFALEYIXILIEMAODUN。1926NIAN9YUE,ZHONGGONGHUNANQUWEIBAOGAO: GUOMINGEMINGJUNDI6JUNDANGDAIBIAOLINBOQUYUJUNZHANGCHENGQIAN“YIYOUCHONGTU”,“TEWEIPAILINQUSHIDUILIUJUNXIWANGGUOGAO(CHENGWEIZHENZHENGDEGUOMINGEMINGJUNBINGSHEFAPEIZHIAGYULEWANGYIBUFENSHILI),LINBENCIYIQUZUO,BUMIANCAOZHIGUOJI;TONGSHILINZHIGONGZUOCHAOCHUZHENGZHIGONGZUOYIWAI,DUICHENGZHIJINGJIDEFENPEIBUJUN(CHENGBENRENBUYAOQIAN)JISHI、TUANZHANGZHITUNFEIGUOYUGANSHE(ZHENGZHIGONGZUORENYUANRENLINSHIJUNFACAIPAN,JIANDUFAXIANG、DIANYANQIANGZHI,ZAIJUNSHIHUIYIXISHANGWUGUJIDEFAYAN)。LUNLIDANGDAIBIAOKEYIRUCI,DANGENBENGUOMINDANGJUNDUIBUYINGYOUDANGDAIBIAO,YINQIYIBUFENTUANZHANGJITANGMANG、LILONGJIANDENGZHIBUMAN;CHENGBENRENSUIYUBAJUNDUINONGHAO,DANSHISHISHANGMEIRENQUGENGHUANHUAIDESHI、TUANZHANG(CHENGYUGENGHUANERGESHIZHANG),WEIWEICHITADETONGYIQIJIAN,DANGRANBUYUANLINZHIGUOYUGANSHE”(60)。

 

AG娱乐网YOUJIANYUCI,1926NIAN11YUE,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGJIZAIXIBEIJUNKAIZHANGONGZUODELIUBOJIANXIEXINZHICHU: “XIANZAIZHONGGUOHAILIBULEYIJUNZHIDANGXIANXIANG,GEJIANGLINGDUIYUDANGDEMINGLINGBINGBUSHIFENZUNZHONG……DANGZAIJUNDUIZHONGYEZHISHICEZHONGZHENGZHIXUANCHUANGONGZUO,ERMEIYOUKENENGZHIHUIJUNDUI。GUANGDONGGUOQUSHIXINGDANGDAIBIAOZHIDEJIEGUOSHIDANGDAIBIAOZAIJUNZHONGMINGZUNERWUSHIQUAN,HUOFUSHUYUJUNGUAN,HUOYUJUNGUANCHONGTU,YIMIANPOHUAILEJUNZHONGZHIHUIDETONGYI,TONGSHIYOUNONGCHUXUDUOJIUFEN。SUOYICIHOUXIBEIJUNKEBUZAIZOUCICUOLU,WANYICIZHIYINBIEDEGUANXIBUNENGFEIMIAN,ZEQIZUOYONGYIZHISHIZHUYIZHENGZHIXUANCHUANDESHI,ERBUKEGANSHEDAOJUNSHIXINGZHENGSHANGSHI。”ZHONGYANGTONGSHIHAIZHIDINGLE《GUOMINJUNZHONGGONGZUOFANGZHEN》QIANGDIAO: “AGYULEWANGZAIFENGJUNZHONGGONGZUO,TAIDUSHANGYISHIFENXIAOXIN,WUYAOSHITAMEN(FENGYEZAINEI)JINGAI,BUKESHITAMENWEIJU,YOUBUKEZHANMIANZISHITAMENJIDU。RUBOJIANTONGZHIJIAOTAMENXUEXIKAIHUI,BUSHIFENGZUOZHUXIERBOJIANZIZUOZHUXI,ZHEISHIFEICHANGDECUOWU。”(61)QIZHONGLIULUCHULAIDEXIAOXINYIYIHERULVBOBINGDEXINTAI,YEYINZHENGLEJUNDUIZHENGZHIGONGZUODEBUYI。JIBIANRUCI,ZHONGGONGZAIGUOMINJUNZHONGKAIZHANZHENGZHIGONGZUODEXIAOGUORENGBULIXIANG,TEBIESHIDI2JUNYUEWEIJUN“FEICHANGBUXIANGXINAGYULEWANG,YINERAGYULEWANGJIUBUNENGZAIDIERJUNQUANJUNNEIZUOGONGZUO”,ERFENGYUXIANG“JIBENSHANGSHIJUPAGONGCHANDANGRENDE”,“SHISHISHANGBINGBUXIANGXINAGYULEWANGDEZHENGZHIGONGZUO,YINERMEINENGKAIZHANZHONGDADEGONGZUO”(62)。

 

ZONGZHI,YOUYUQUEFAJINGFEIHEWUQI,YIJILAIZIGONGCHANGUOJIDEGANYUHEGUOMINDANGDEDIZHI,ZHEIXIEYINSUXIANGHUJIAOZHIZAIYIQI,BUJINYANZHONGZHIYUELEZHONGGONGDULIJIANJUNDEKONGJIAN,ERQIESHIQIWUFAZHANGWOGENGDUODEGUOMINDANGJUNDUI,ZHINENGTUIERQIUQICI,ZHUANZHUYUGUOMINDANGJUNDUIZHONGDEZHENGZHIGONGZUO,WEITARENZUOJIAYI。JIBIANRUCI,ZAICONGSHIZHENGZHIGONGZUOSHI,ZHONGGONGYIXUSHIFENJINSHEN。1926NIAN7YUE,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGTONGGUODE《JUNSHIYUNDONGYIJUEAN》QIANGDIAO: “DUIYUGUOMINDANGGEMINGJUNHEGUOMINJUN,RUGUOAGYULEWANGPAIRENQUZUOZHENGZHIGONGZUO,BIANXUQU‘SHAOERHAO’DEZHUYI,RUGUOYOURENQUDANGJUNGUAN,QIZERENBIXUSHISHIZHEIGEJUNDUIYUJIANTUANJIEHEYUJIANGEMINGHUA,JILIBIMIANGEMINGJUNDUIDEGUOZAOFENHUA。”(63)GUOQUZHEIJUHUACHANGCHANGWEIRENSUOGOUBING,DANSHIFEIJINGGUOBUZHINAN,RUGUOKAOLVDAODANGSHIBIZEDEKEGUANHUANJING,RUCIXINGSHISIHUYESHISHUNLICHENGZHANGDEWUNAIZHIJU。PINGXINERLUN,ZHONGGONGZAIDAGEMINGSHIQIDUIJUNSHIGONGZUOSHIXIANGDANGZHONGSHIDE,RANZHONGYINCHEZHOUTAIDUO,YOUQISHIZAIMIANLIWEICHIDEDANGNEIHEZUOKUANGJIANEI,YAOXIANGZHANGWOJUNDUILINGDAOQUAN,WUYIYUYUHUMOUPI,JIHUSHIYIXIANGBUKENENGWANCHENGDERENWU。

 

AG娱乐网ZUOZHEJIANJIE: LUYI,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGDANGXIAOZHONGGONGDANGSHIJIAOYANBUJIAOSHOU BEIJING 100091

 

ZHUSHI:

 

AG娱乐网①JUNSHIKEXUEYUANLISHIYANJIUBU: 《ZHONGGUORENMINJIEFANGJUNQUANSHI》DI1JUAN,JUNSHIKEXUECHUBANSHE,2000NIAN,DI10YE。

 

AG娱乐网②CANJIANHEYIZHONG、YANGRENYI: 《DAGEMINGSHIQIZHONGGONGDUIWUZHUANGDOUZHENG“RENSHIBUZU”BIANXI》,《LILUNXUEKAN》2013NIANDI4QI;SUNWEI、HUANGSHAOQUN: 《DAGEMINGSHIBAIQIANDEZHONGGONGBUZHUZHONGJUNSHIGONGZUOMA?》,《DANGSHIYANJIUYUJIAOXUE》2013NIANDI6QI。

 

③《ZHOUENLAIZAOQIWENJI》XIAJUAN,ZHONGYANGWENXIANCHUBANSHE、NANKAIDAXUECHUBANSHE,1998NIAN,DI485YE。

 

AG娱乐网③《CAIHESENWENJI》,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1980NIAN,DI106YE。

 

④《DENGZHONGXIAWENJI》,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1983NIAN,DI58、63、64YE。

 

AG娱乐网⑤《PENGPAIWENJI》,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1981NIAN,DI85、71YE。

 

⑥CANJIANLINZHIDA: 《CONGDANGDEXUANCHUANSHIKANDIYICIGUONEIGEMINGZHANZHENGDESHIBAI》,《MAOZEDONGSIXIANGYANJIU》2007NIANDI1QI。

 

AG娱乐网⑦ZHANGYUDENGBIANXIAO: 《YUNDAIYINGSHUXINJI: LAIHONGQUYANLU》,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1981NIAN,DI190YE。

 

AG娱乐网⑧《YUNDAIYINGWENJI》XIACE,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1984NIAN,DI696YE。

 

⑨《YUNDAIYINGSHUXINJI: LAIHONGQUYANLU》,DI201YE。

 

⑩《YUNDAIYINGWENJI》SHANGCE,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1984NIAN,DI466YE。

 

AG娱乐网(11)《YUNDAIYINGSHUXINJI: LAIHONGQUYANLU》,DI128YE。

 

AG娱乐网(12)《YUNDAIYINGWENJI》XIACE,DI706、709YE。

 

AG娱乐网(13)《JUQIUBAIWENJI·ZHENGZHILILUNBIAN》DI3JUAN,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1989NIAN,DI311YE。

 

AG娱乐网(14)《JUQIUBAIWENJI·ZHENGZHILILUNBIAN》DI4JUAN,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1993NIAN,DI50—62YE。

 

(15)《JUQIUBAIWENJI·ZHENGZHILILUNBIAN》DI4JUAN,DI473—476、523、377YE。

 

(16)《WANGRUOFEIWENJI》,GUIZHOURENMINCHUBANSHE,1996NIAN,DI205YE。

 

AG娱乐网(17)RENJIANSHUDENGBIAN: 《CHENDUXIUZHUZUOXUAN》DI2JUAN,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE,1993NIAN,DI888、1142YE。

 

AG娱乐网(18)SHUZHI: 《AGYULEWANGDEBEIFAGUAN》,《XIANGDAOZHOUBAO》DI170QI,1926NIAN9YUE10RI。

 

AG娱乐网(19)《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENJIANXUANJI》DI1CE,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGDANGXIAOCHUBANSHE,1989NIAN,DI166YE。

 

(20)《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENJIANXUANJI》DI1CE,DI248、363、469、513、517YE。

 

(21)《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENJIANXUANJI》DI2CE,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGDANGXIAOCHUBANSHE,1989NIAN,DI61、62YE。

 

(22)《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENJIANXUANJI》DI2CE,DI227、229YE。

 

(23)QIYUAN: 《BENBUYINIANLAIGONGZUOBAOGAOGAIYAO》,《ZHONGGUONONGMIN》DI2QI,1926NIAN2YUE1RI。

 

(24)《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENJIANXUANJI》DI2CE,DI504YE。

 

(25)《ZHUDEXUANJI》,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1983NIAN,DI126YE。

 

(26)《CAIHESENDESHIERPIANWENZHANG》,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1980NIAN,DI66YE。

 

(27)《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI2JUAN,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1991NIAN,DI547—548YE。

 

(28)《WANGRUOFEIWENJI》,DI221YE。

 

(29)[SU]A·B.BAKULINZHU,ZHENGHOUANDENGYI: 《ZHONGGUODAGEMINGWUHANSHIQIJIANWENLU》,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUECHUBANSHE,1985NIAN,DI317YE。

 

AG娱乐网(30)《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENJIANXUANJI》DI3CE,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGDANGXIAOCHUBANSHE,1989NIAN,DI285—286YE。

 

(31)《WANGRUOFEIWENJI》,DI219YE。

 

AG娱乐网(32)ZHONGGUOGEMINGBOWUGUAN、HUNANSHENGBOWUGUANBIAN: 《HUNANNONGMINYUNDONGZILIAOXUANBIAN》,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1988NIAN,DI593、594—595YE。

 

AG娱乐网(33)ZHONGGUOGEMINGBOWUGUAN、HUNANSHENGBOWUGUANBIAN: 《MARISHIBIANZILIAO》,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1983NIAN,DI23YE。

 

(34)《HUNANNONGMINYUNDONGZILIAOXUANBIAN》,DI715YE。

 

(35)《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案资料丛书》第5卷,北京图书馆出版社,1998年,第540页。

 

(36)LANTENGJIAO: 《HUIYIWUHANZHONGYANGJUNSHIZHENGZHIXUEXIAO》,ZHONGGUORENMINZHENGZHIXIESHANGHUIYIWUHANSHIWEIYUANHUIWENSHIZILIAOYANJIUWEIYUANHUIBIAN: 《WUHANWENSHIZILIAO》1983NIANDI4JI,DI64YE。

 

(37)《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案资料丛书》第4卷,北京图书AG娱乐网馆出版社,1998年,第309、96、241、360、496页。

 

(38)《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案AG娱乐网资料丛书》第4卷,第128—129、123、136页。

 

(39)ZHANGGUODAO: 《AGYULEWANGDEHUIYI》DI2CE,XIANDAISHILIAOBIANKANSHE,1980NIAN,DI119YE。

 

(40)参见《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案资料丛书》第4卷,第275页。

 

(41)《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案资料丛书》第1卷,北京图书AG娱乐网馆出版社,1997年,第643、677页。

 

AG娱乐网(42)《SIDALINQUANJI》DI9JUAN,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1956NIAN,DI239YE。

 

AG娱乐网(43)ZHONGGUORENMINJIEFANGJUNZHENGZHIXUEYUANDANGSHIJIAOYANSHIBIAN: 《ZHONGGONGDANGSHIJIAOXUECANKAOZILIAO》DI13CE,1985NIAN,DI427YE。

 

(44)《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案资料丛书》第1卷,第658、678页。

 

(45)ZHOUWENQI、CHULIANGRUBIANZHU: 《TESHUERFUZADEKETI——GONGCHANGUOJI、SULIANHEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGGUANXIBIANNIANSHI(1919—1991)》,HUBEIRENMINCHUBANSHE,1993NIAN,DI84YE。

 

(46)RENJIANSHUDENGBIAN: 《CHENDUXIUZHUZUOXUAN》DI3JUAN,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE,1993NIAN,DI88YE。

 

(47)《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案资料丛书》第3卷,北京图书馆出版社,1998年,第250—251、166、216—217页。

 

(48)《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案资料丛书》第4卷,第287页。

 

(49)《LIYIMANGHUIYILU》,RENMINCHUBANSHE,2001NIAN,DI83YE。

 

(50)《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案资料丛书》第4卷,第341、342页。

 

(51)《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案资料丛书》第3卷,第74页。

 

(52)《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案资料丛书》第1卷,第660页。

 

(53)[SU]YA·YI·QIELIEPANNUOFU: 《ZHONGGUOGUOMINGEMINGJUNDEBEIFA——YIGEZHUHUAJUNSHIGUWENDEZHAJI》,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUECHUBANSHE,1981NIAN,DI389YE。

 

(54)《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案资料丛书》第5卷,第150—151页。

 

(55)《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案资料丛书》第3卷,第210页。

 

(56)《共产国际、联共(布)与中国革命档案资料丛书》第3卷,第136—137、282页。

 

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