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HUANGZHENGLIN: LUNKANGZHANSHIQIGANSUDENONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANG

作者: 文章来源:AG娱乐网

ZHAIYAO: KANGZHANSHIQISHIMINGUOYILAIGANSUNONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGZUIHAODESHIQI。GEZHONGNONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGJIGOUPUBIANJIANLIQILAI,XINGCHENGLEYISHENGNONGYEGAIJINSUOWEIZHONGXIN,NONGLINBUHEZHONGYANGNONGCHANCUJINWEIYUANHUIDUDAO、SHENGNONGYETUIGUANGWEIYUANHUILINGDAOHEXIANNONGYETUIGUANGSUO(ZHONGXIN)JUTIFUZE,YOUNONGHUIHEHEZUOSHEYUNONGJIAXIANGLIANXI,BIJIAOZHENMIDENONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGXITONG。NONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGDENEIRONGFANZA,ZHUYAOZAIXIAOMAI、MIANHUADESHIYANYUTUIGUANG,SHATIANDEGAILIANG,NONGZUOWUBINGCHONGHAIDEFANGZHIHEFEILIAODESHIYANDENGFANGMIANZUOLEYIXIEGONGZUO。NONGYEGAILIANGSHIJIANDUAN、JINGFEITOURUBUZU、NONGMINNONGYEJISHUZHISHIBUZUSHIZAOCHENGNONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGJIXIAOCUNZAIBUZUDEZHUYAOYUANYIN。

 

AG娱乐网GUANJIANCI: KANGRIZHANZHENGSHIQI GANSU NONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANG

 

KANGRIZHANZHENGSHIQI,GUOMINZHENGFUWEILEBAXIBEIAGYULEWANGCHENGWEIJIANCHICHIJIUKANGZHANDEJIDI,KAISHIZHONGSHIHEJIAQIANGXIBEIDIQUDEJINGJIAGYULEWANG,FAFANGNONGDAI,TUIDONGGANSUNONGTIANSHUILI、NONGYESHENGCHANHENONGCUNFUYEDEFAZHAN。YOUQISHI1941NIANGUOMINZHENGFUNONGDAIYIYUANLAI“JIUJINONGCUN”WEIZHONGXINZHUANBIANWEIYI“GUOMINJINGJIAGYULEWANG”WEIZHONGXINHOU,ZENGJIALIANGSHISHENGCHANSHIFUXINGNONGCUNJINGJIDEZHUYAOFANGMIANNEIRONG,ERNONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGSHIZENGJIANONGYESHENGCHANDETUJINGZHIYI①。CONG1941NIANKAISHI,ZAIZHONGYANGZHENGFUHEGUOJIAYINXINGDEBANGZHUXIA,GANSUJINXINGLEJIAODAGUIMODENONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGGONGZUO。

 

AG娱乐网ZIQINGMOXINZHENGHOU,NONGYEJISHUGAILIANGYIZHISHILIJIEZHENGFUSUOZHUZHANGHETUIGUANGDE,QIJIXIAORUHE?XUESHUJIEDUIBUTONGSHIQIDEJISHUGAILIANGHETUIGUANGYOUBUTONGDEPINGJIA,RUDUIWANQINGSHIQIYUBEIYANGZHENGFUSHIQIDENONGYEJISHUGAILIANGPUBIANPINGJIABUGAO,RENWEIQIZAITUIDONGZHONGGUONONGYEJINDAIHUAHEWEIHUNONGMINLIYIFANGMIANDEZUOYONGSHISHIFENYOUXIANDE②。GUANYUKANGZHANSHIQIDENONGYEGAILIANGWENTI,XUESHUJIEDEYANJIUYOULEXUDUOKENDING,RUZHUANGWEIMINDUIJINDAISHANDONGNONGYEKEJIDETUIGUANGJIYULEZHONGKENDEPINGJIA,NONGYEGAILIANGHETUIGUANGSHIDECHUANTONGNONGYEJUBEILEMOUXIEJINDAIHUADESECAI,DANQUEWEINENGSHICHUANTONGNONGYESHIXIANJINDAIHUA③。DANDUIQIJIXIAOPINGJIABINGBUGAO,RUXUKAIXIRENWEIJINGUANZHANSHIGUOMINZHENGFUZAIHUBEIJINXINGDENONGYEJISHUGAILIANG,BINGMEIYOUGAIBIANNONGCUNJINGJIDEKUNJING,RENWEISHI“NONGCUNFENGJIANBOXUEGUANXIYIRANCUNZAI,YIJIZHANSHIBUDUAN,TIANZAIPINRENG,NONGMINSHENGHUOYICHANGDETONGKU”ZUAILEGUOTONGQUNONGYESHENGCHANLIDEJINYIBUFAZHAN④。DAHOUFANGSHIKANGZHANSHIQINONGYEGAILIANGDEZHONGDIAN,YOUXUEZHEYANJIURENWEI,YIFANGMIANDAHOUFANGDENONGYEGAILIANGQUDELEJUDADECHENGJIU,CUSHINONGYEJINGJIHUODELEZHONGYAODEFAZHAN,WEIKANGZHANSHENGLIZUOCHULEZHONGYAODEGONGXIAN;LINGYIFANGMIANNONGYEGAILIANGHENONGYEFAZHANBINGWEIJINONGMINDAILAIDUOSHAOLIYI⑤。DANMUQIANSHANGWUYANJIUKANGZHANSHIQIGANSUNONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGDEZHUANWEN。BIZHEZAIQIANRENYANJIUDEJICHUSHANG,DUIKANGZHANSHIQIGANSUNONGYEJISHUGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGDEZILIAOJINXINGWAJUEYUSHULI,DUIKANGZHANSHIQIGANSUNONGYEGAILIANGWENTIJINXINGJIAOWEIXITONGDEYANJIU,QINGXUEJIEPENGYOUPIPINGZHIZHENG。

 

YI NONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGJIGUANJIQIJINGFEILAIYUAN

 

KANGZHANSHIQI,GANSUSHENGZHENGFUZAINONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGXITONGJIANLIFANGMIAN,ZHENGHELEYUANLAIDEJIGOU,ZENGSHELEXINDEJIGOU,YOUQISHIZHONGYANGJIGUANZAIGANSUSHELILEXIANGGUANBUMEN,SHINONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGXITONGGENGJIAWANZHENG。

 

1938NIANQIU,GANSUSHENGZHENGFUJIANGYUANJINGJIBUXIBEIZHONGCHUCHANG、GANSUSHENGDIYINONGSHISHIYANCHANGHELANZHOUXIAOXIHUMIAOPUDENGJIGOUHEBINGGAIZU,CHENGLILEGANSUSHENGNONGYEGAIJINSUO(JIANCHENGNONGGAISUO),YOUAGYULEWANGTINGTINGZHANGCHENTICHENGJIANRENSUOZHANG,YANGZHUCHENGRENFUSUOZHANG,GAISUONEIBUZUZHIFENWEI5GU,JINONGYEGU、ZHIWUBINGCHONGHAIGU、SENLINGU、CHUMUSHOUYIGU、NONGZHENGGU,“ZHUANCONGSHIYOUGUANNONGYEZHIYANJIU”⑥。1940NIAN,GAISUOZAILONGNAN、LONGDONG、TIANSHUI、HEXICHENGLILE4GENONGLINSHIYANCHANG,SHIYANNEIRONGBAOKUOQUYUSHIYAN、ZAIPEIGUANLISHIYAN、CHUNXIYUZHONGSHIYAN、GUONEIWAIYUANYIZUOWUYINZHONG、ZUOWUBINGCHONGHAISHIYANDENG⑦。TONGNIAN11YUE,GANSUSHENGNONGYETUIGUANGCHUCHENGLI,ZHONGXINGONGZUOSHITUIGUANGXIAOMAIJIZALIANGLIANGZHONG,FANGZHIGULEIHEISUIBING,GAILIANGSHUJIAO,LIYONGXIUXIANDI,KAIKENHUANGDI,ZHONGZHIMAILEI、DOULEI,JIANSHAOFEIBIYAOZUOWU,GAIZHONGSHILIANG,TUIGUANGFEILIAODENG⑧。1942NIAN4YUE,GANSUNONGYETUIGUANGSUOJIANLILEYANTANNONGYETUIGUANGSHIYANQU,“YICIWEIGENJUDI,YIQIENONGLINLIANGZHONGLIANGFADETUIGUANG,HENONGCUNSHEHUINONGMINSHENGHUODEGAIJIN”,DOUSHIXIANCONGYANTANSHIYANQUZUOQI⑨。GAISHIYANQUZAINONGYEGAILIANGHEJICENGSHEHUIGAIJINZHONGJUYOUSHIFANYIYI。

 

1942NIAN,GANSUSHENGZHENGFUDUIJICENGNONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGJIGOUJINXINGLEDIAOZHENG,JIANGYUZHONGTUIGUANGSHIYANXIANBANSHICHU(YOUSHENGNONGGAISUOYUZHONGYANGNONGYETUIJINWEIYUANHUIHEBAN)GAIWEIPUTONGTUIGUANGSUO,SHIYANXIANGAIWEITIANSHUIXIAN;TIANSHUI、LINTAOLIANGTUIGUANGSUOGAIWEIZHONGXINTUIGUANGSUO;ZHANGYE、PINGLIANGWEIBENSHENGNONGYEZHONGDIANDIQU,GEZENGSHEZHONGXINTUIGUANGSUO1CHU;HUIXIAN、JINGYUANWEIBENSHENGZHIMIANZHONGYAODIQU,GEZENGSHEPUTONGTUIGUANGSUO1CHU。ZHONGXINTUIGUANGSUODEZHIZESHI: “(1)JIANQUANBENSHENZUZHI,NULICHONGSHIYEWU;(2)PAIYUANBANLIFUJINXIANFENTUIGUANGGONGZUO;(3)XUNHUIFUDAOXIAQUGEXIANTUIGUANGSUO;(4)FANZHIYOULIANGZHONGMIAO,GONGXIAQUGEXIANTUIGUANGCAILIAO。”ZAIRENSHIPEIBEISHANG,ZHONGXINTUIGUANGSUOSHEZHUREN、JIZUO、JISHUYUAN、LIANXISHENGGE1REN,ZHULIJISHUYUAN3REN;PUTONGTUIGUANGSUOSHEZHUREN、JISHUYUAN、LIANXISHENGGE1REN,ZHULIJISHUYUAN2REN⑩。XIANNONGYETUIGUANGSUODEZHIZESHI: LIANGSHIZUOWUJIYUANYIZUOWUDEZENGCHAN,YOULIANGZHONGZI、SHUMIAO、ZHONGCHU、YUMIAO、NONGJU、FEILIAODEFANZHIHUOGAILIANGSHIFANYUTUIGUANG,ZHIWUCHONGHAIJISHOUYIFANGZHIDETUIJIN,SHUITUBAOCHI、HANZAIFANGZHIJIQITANONGYEGAIJINFANGFADETUIJIN,ZAOLINBAOLINJIGONGGONGZAOCHANDETUIJIN,NONGCUNJINRONGJINONGYEFUYEDEZHIDAO,NONGHUIZUZHIHENONGCUNHEZUOSHEDECHANGDAO,NONGYECANGKUJINONGCHANYUNXIAO、DIAOJIDETICHANG,NONGCHANGJINGYINGXIAOXINGNONGTIANSHUILI、ZUOWUYUGENGCHUBAOXIANDETICHANGDENG(11)。

 

WEILEJIAQIANGNONGYETUIGUANGLIDU,GANSUSHENGHAIQUELILEDUDAOZHIDU,JIANGQUANSHENGHUAFENWEI3GEDUDAOQU,8GESHIDAOQU。1942NIANCHUNJI,GANSUSHENGPAIDUDAORENYUANFULONGNANJIANLIXIANNONGYETUIGUANGHEFUDAOZHIMIAN,PAIYUANFUTAOMINQUDUDAOZENGLIANG;8YUE,PAIYUANFULONGDONG、LONGNANJITAOMINDENGQU“XUNHUIDUDAOGEZENGLIANGXIANFENJITUIGUANGSUO”(12)。DUDAOZHIDUDEJIANLI,YOULIYUNONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGGONGZUODEJINXING。

 

AG娱乐网WEILEJIAQIANGNONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANG,GUOMINZHENGFUNONGLINBUZAIGESHENGSHELITUIGUANGFANZHIZHAN,MUDEZAIYU“JIZHONGNONGLINBUZHUSHENGGEFUSHUJIGUANZHIRENLI、CAILI,XIEZHUSHENGNONGYEGAIJINJIGUANYOUFENQUGONGYINGTUIGUANGCAILIAORUSHOU,JIEYIPUBIANCEDONGZENGCHANSHIYE”。ZAICIBEIJINGXIA,1942NIAN5YUE,NONGLINBUGANSUTUIGUANGFANZHIZHANZAILANZHOUCHENGLI,ZHONGXINGONGZUOSHI“XIAOMAIYUZHONGYULIANGZHONGFANZHI,MALINGSHUYUZHONGYUZAIPEISHIYANJILIANGZHONGFANZHI,GUOMIAOLIANGZHONGFANZHIYUTUIGUANG,TIANCAILIANGZHONGFANZHIJIZUOWUZHONGYAOHAICHONGZHIYANJIUYUFANGZHISHIFANDENG”。JU1944NIANTONGJI,GAIZHANYOUJISHURENYUAN16REN,SHIWURENYUAN9REN;CHANGDI5000MU,QIZHONGZIYOU3000MU,ZUYONG2000MU;JINGFEI102WANYUAN(13)。NONGLINBUGANSUFANZHIZHANCHENGWEIZHIDAOHECANYUBENSHENGNONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGDEZHONGYAOJIGUAN。

 

AG娱乐网1940NIANHUANGHESHUILIWEIYUANHUILINKENZUGAIZUWEILINKENSHEJIWEIYUANHUI,DUIHUANGHESHANGYOUQUYUSHUITULIUSHIBIJIAOYANZHONGDEGANSU、SHANXIJINXINGLEKAOCHA,JIHUAJIANGHUANGHESHANGYOUHUAFENWEI6GESHUITUBAOCHISHIYANQU,QIZHONGGANSUYOU5GEQU,BAOKUOLANSHANQU,YILANZHOUWEIZHONGXIN,FANWEISHILANZHOUFUJINHUANGHEZHILIUYU,JINXINGYUANYIJISHUILIGAIJINSHIYAN;LONGNANQU,YITIANSHUIWEIZHONGXIN,FANWEISHIGANSUJINGNEIWEIHEGANZHILIUYU,JINXINGSHUITUBAOCHI、GAISHANHEDAOJINONGCHANGGUANLIDEGAIJINSHIYAN;LONGDONGQU,YIPINGLIANGWEIZHONGXIN,FANWEISHIJINGHEGANZHILIUYU,JINXINGTURANGCHONGSHUADEFANGZHIYUSHUILIGAIJINSHIYAN;TAOXIQU,YIMINXIANWEIZHONGXIN,FANWEISHITAOHEJIDAXIAHELIUYU,JINXINGTIANRANLINDEHEFAGUANLIYUCHUMUSHIYEGAIJINSHIYAN;HEXIQU,YIYONGDENGWEIZHONGXIN,FANWEISHIZHUANGLANGHEJIDATONGHELIUYU,JINXINGSHUILIGAISHANYUSENLINDEBAOHUGUANLISHIYAN。ZAISHANGSHUQUYU“FENQICHENGLISHUITUBAOCHISHIYANQU,CHUYOUHUANGHESHUILIWEIYUANHUIZHILINKENYUGONGCHENGRENYUANFUZEJISHUGONGZUOWAI,GENGLIANHEGEDANGDIZHIXINGZHENG、AGYULEWANG、JIAOYU、JINRONGJIRENMINTUANTIDENG,BENJIANJIAOHEYIYUANZE,ZAIBAOCHISHUITUZHIGONGTONGMUBIAOXIAHEZUOTUIDONGZHI”(14)。WEICI,1942NIAN8YUE,GUOMINZHENGFUZHONGYANGNONGLINSHIYANSUOYUGANSUNONGYEGAIJINSUOQIASHANG,SHELITIANSHUISHUITUBAOCHISHIYANQU,MIANJIYUE3328MU,ZHUYAOJINXINGSHUITUBAOCHISHIYAN。SHIYANQUHAIXIANGTIANSHUIXIANZHENGFUZUJIEHEBEIMIAOPU,YONGZUOMUCAOSHIYANYUMIAOMUFANZHI;XIANGGANSUNONGYETUIJINSUOJIEHENANANHANDI30MU,ZHUANSIMUCAOFANZHI。1943NIANJINXINGDEGONGZUOZHUYAOSHIBAOCHISHUITU、CAIJIZHIWUZHONGZIJIMIAOMU,XUANGOUYINGYONGNONGJU,DINGGOUSHIYANCAILIAO,JUBANSHUITUBAOCHIXUNLIANBAN,ZUZHIFUJIN3GECUNZHUANGDENONGMIN,CHENGLIBAOTUHUI。1944NIANDEGONGZUO“JUFANJINGLIUXIAOQUSHIYAN,TITIANGOUXU,GOUCHONGKONGZHI,LIULIGUAYU,HETANZAOLIN,QIXIANGGUANCE,DIXINGCEHUI,YIJIBAOTUZHIWUZHIYUZHONGYUFANZHI”。1945NIAN,“GONGZUOFANWEIZHUJIANKUODA,FUCHENGGENONGLINJIGUANYUYIJINGFEIBUZHU,HUOJISHUHEZUO,SANNIANYILAISHAOJUCHENGGUO”。ZAINONGYETUIGUANGFANGMIAN,GAISHIYANQUZUOCHULEJIAODADEGONGXIAN,1944NIANZHI1945NIAN,SHIYANQUSOUJIGENONGSHISHIYANCHANGDEYOULIANGPINZHONG,“JIQIUDESHIYUTIANSHUISHANTIANZHIYOULIANGPINZHONG,YIBIANPUBIANTUIGUANG,ZENGJIACHANLIANG”(15)。1944NIAN,SHIYANQUSHELILELANSHANGONGZUOZHAN,ZHUYAOJINXINGSANXIANGSHIYANGONGZUO: (1)BAOTUSHIYANYUFANZHI;(2)NONGTIANSHUILI;(3)NONGZUOBAOTUSHIYAN(16)。DAO1945NIAN,SHIYANQUYIJINGCHUJUGUIMO(17)。

 

AG娱乐网NONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGZUIJICENGDEZUZHISHINONGHUIYUHEZUOSHE。NONGHUISHIGUOMINZHENGFUCONGSHIXIANGCUNAGYULEWANGDEJIBENDANWEI,JI“YIQIEFAZHANNONGCUNJINGJI,TUIXINGNONGYEAGYULEWANGDEJIHUA,DOUKEYITONGGUONONGHUILAIQIESHISHIXING”(18)。RULINGTAIXIANNONGHUI“BANNONGSHISHIYANCHANG,JIANPAICHANGZHANG,YIZITICHANG”(19)。ZHANGYENONGHUI“YITUNONGYEGAILIANGWEIZONGZHI”(20)。1942NIAN4YUE,TIANSHUIHUAWEINONGYETUIGUANGSHIYANXIANHOU,NONGTUIYUANYUXIANNONGHUIJIEQIA“HEZUOBANLIXIANGNONGHUISHIYEDEBANFA”,NONGTUISUOYUXIANNONGHUIQIANDINGLE《HEZUOTUIXINGXIANGNONGHUISHIYEZANXINGBANFA》,NEIRONGSHI“YOUXIANDANGBU、XIANNONGHUISHOUQUANTUIGUANGRENYUANZHIXINGXUNLIANNONGHUIZHIRENWU”(21)。HEZUOSHESHIYINXINGHEZHENGFUJIANLIDEYINONGDAIWEIZHIZHIDEJICENGZUZHI。GANSUSHENGHEZUOSHESHIJIANYU1935NIAN,DAO1938NIANYIJINGPUJIDAOQUANSHENG(22)。HEZUOSHEBUJINSHIXIANGCUNDENONGDAIJIGUAN,YESHINONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGDEJICENGZUZHI。RUZHANGYEZAIJUBANNONGYETUIGUANGSHI,“YOUHEZUOZHUGUANJIGUANJIYOUGUANJIGUAN,LIXINGDIAOZHENG,SHISUOYOUHEZUOSHEZHUJIANJIANQUANQILAI,YIZUOTUIGUANGZHIJICENGJIGOU”(23)。GAOLANDENGXIANSHATIANGAILIANG,YINONGMINZUZHIDEXINYONGHEZUOSHEWEIDUIXIANG,GONGYOUTUDIHEZUOSHE288SUO,CANJIASHEYUAN9820REN(24)。HEZUOSHEZAIJINXINGSHATIANGAILIANGZHONGFAHUILEYINGYOUDEZUOYONG。

 

NONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGJINGFEIZHUYAOLAIYUANYUNONGDAIYUZHENGFUDEBUZHUKUAN。1941NIANHOU,NONGDAISHIGUOMINZHENGFUFAZHANNONGCUNJINGJIDEZHONGYAOZHENGCE。SILIANZONGCHUGUIDINGNONGDAIBAOKUONONGYESHENGCHANDAIKUAN、NONGYEGONGXIAODAIKUAN、NONGCHANCHUYADAIKUAN、NONGTIANSHUILIDAIKUAN、NONGCUNYUNSHUGONGJUDAIKUAN、DIANNONGGOUZHIGENGDIDAIKUAN、NONGCUNFUYEDAIKUAN、NONGYETUIGUANGDAIKUAN8ZHONG(25)。CONGNONGDAIZHENGCELAIKAN,NONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGSHINONGDAIXUYAOZHICHIDEDEZHUYAODUIXIANGZHIYI。JUTONGJI,1941NIAN,GANSUSHENGZHENGFULIANHEZHONG、ZHONG、JIAO、NONGYUSHENGYINXING“ZUCHENGZENGLIANGDAIKUANTUAN,GONGTONGTOUZIYUNONGCUNZENGLIANGSHIYE”,GONGJI3000WANYUAN(FABI,XIATONG)(26),ZHUYAOYONGYUNONGYEGAILIANG。1942NIAN,JINRONGJIGUANXIANGGANSUSHENGFAFANGNONGDAI4600WANYUAN,QIZHONGNONGYETUIGUANG100WANYUAN(27)。1943NIAN,SILIANZONGCHUJIGANSUDENONGDAIDINGEWEI8468WANYUAN,QIZHONGNONGYETUIGUANGDAIKUAN700WANYUAN(28)。1942NIANDONGJI,NONGMINYINXINGKAISHIJUBANTUDIGAILIANGPUSHAFANGKUAN,LINIANFAFANGDESHULIANGSHI: 1942NIAN114 750YUAN,1943NIAN10 317 468YUAN,1944NIAN39 426 834YUAN,1945NIAN76 913 551YUAN(29)。CHUNONGDAIWAI,GUOMINZHENGFUNONGCHANCUJINWEIYUANHUI(30)(JIANCHENGNONGCUHUI)YEJIYUYIDINGSHULIANGDEBUZHU。1942NIAN,ZAIZHONGYANGNONGCHANCUJINHUIDEXIEZHUXIA,HEDINGLEGANSUSHENGJI、XIANJINONGYETUIGUANGJIGUAN、ZHIMIAN、XIAOMAIMIANHUABINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI、XIANNONGYETUIGUANGSHIYANDENGJINGFEI78 000YUAN;CIWAIQINGZHUNLIUYONGSHANGNIANJIEYU1.5WANYUAN,CHENGXIANMIANYESHIYANCHANGJISHOUFANGXUNLIANJINGFEI1.5WANYUAN。GANSUSHENGTONGGUONONGCUHUIHUODEBUZHUFEIJUQUANGUODISIWEI(31)。KEJIAN,ZAIGANSUNONGYETUIGUANGXITONGJIANLIGUOCHENGZHONG,GUOMINZHENGFUJIYULEJIAODUODEGUANZHU。TIANSHUISHUITUBAOCHIXIEHUIDEJINGFEILAIYUANYOU3BUFENGOUCHENG: YISHIZHONGYANGJIGUANXIEKUAN,ERSHISHENGZHENGFUXIEKUAN,SANSHIYINXINGDAIKUAN——YISUOXINGBANGONGCHENGHUODEDEGONGYOUTUDI、GONGGONGCAICHANJIGONGYINGSHIYEDESHOURUWEIDIYA,XIANGJINRONGJIGOUDAIKUAN(32)。ZAIGEZHONGJINGFEILAIYUANZHONG,YINXINGNONGDAISHINONGYEJISHUGAILIANGZIJINDEZHUYAOLAIYUAN。

 

ER NONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANG

 

1.XIAOMAIYOULIANGPINZHONGDESHIYANYUTUIGUANG

 

AG娱乐网XIAOMAISHIGANSUZHONGZHIDEZHUYAONONGZUOWU,ZAIPEIMIANJIJICHANLIANGZAIQUANSHENGNONGZUOWUZHONGZHANSHOUWEI,YINCICHENGWEILEKANGZHANSHIQINONGYESHIYANHETUIGUANGDEZHUYAOZUOWU。WEILEJIANDINGXIAOMAIYOULIANGPINZHONG,GANSUSHENGZENGLIANGDUDAOTUANZHIDINGLE《GANSUSHENGJIANDINGMAIZUODIFANGPINZHONGGANGYAO》,ZUOWEIXUANYUYOULIANGPINZHONGDEJIBENCAOZUOGUIZE。GENJU《GANGYAO》,1941NIANGANSUSHENGZAIMINXIANDENG8XIANJINXINGXIAOMAIPINZHONGJIANDING,GONGXUANCHUDIFANGYOULIANGPINZHONG28GE。1942NIAN,GANSUSHENGLIANGSHIZENGCHANDUDAOTUANZHIDINGLE《SANSHIYINIANDUTUIGUANGJIANDINGXIAOMAIPINZHONGZANXINGBANFA》,YIFANGMIANZAIZHANGYE、JINGYUANLIANGXIANJIXUJINXINGXIAOMAIYOULIANGPINZHONGJIANDING,LINGYIFANGMIANDUI1941NIANJIANDINGDE28GEXIAOMAIPINZHONGJINXINGFUCHA,JIANCHAQIFENBUMIANJI、PINZHONGTEXING、MUCHANLIANG、CHENGSHUQI、BINGHAIZHONGLEIJIKANGHANNENGLI(33)。ZAIHUADINGDEXIANFEN,JIANDINGRENYUANANZHAOJIANDINGBANFA,ZUOLEBIJIAOXIZHIDEGONGZUO。RUJINGCHUANXIANNONGYETUIGUANGXUANCHULAOJINMAIHEBAIMAIWEIBENDISHIYITUIGUANGDEPINZHONG(34)。ZHANGYEXUANCHUBAIDAMAIZI、BAIXIAOMAIZI、HUOSUIZI3GEPINZHONG,BINGJINXINGCAISUIGOUZHONGHETUIGUANGGONGZUO(35)。

 

为了增加粮食产量,甘肃粮产增进委员会成立后,一项重要工作就是推广鉴定优良小麦品种。根据该会《推广检定优良小麦品种工作专门报告》,各县检定优良品种,均采取换种方式,由检定员与农家约定存留时期自行换种,并由粮产增进委员会通知AG娱乐网农业改进所所属各区农场及各县农业推广所进行比较试验,并在特约农家繁殖。如岷县的蓝麦在1941年冬季推广种植5575亩,春麦可推广2500亩。在粮产增进会指导员的指导下,农家自行混留种共计49 943亩,其中洮沙县约12 040亩,临洮3420亩,岷县约26 408亩(36)。表1是1941年,甘肃粮产增进委员会指导皋兰等9县农家采集健全麦种情况统计。

 

 

AG娱乐网ZAIGANSULIANGCHANZENGJINWEIYUANHUIDEZHIDAOXIA,1941NIAN,GAOLANDENG9XIANGONGYOU4.5WANYUHUNONGJIA,XUANLIUJIANQUANXIAOMAIZHONGZI41.7WANDAN,YUEDINGBOZHONGXIAOMAI51.3WANYUMU。TONGGUODUIBENSHENGXIAOMAIPINZHONGDEJIANDING,DUIGEDIXUANCHUDECHANLIANGGAO、KANGBINGHAIQIANG、KANGDAOFUJIAOHAODEXIAOMAIJINXINGYUZHONGHETUIGUANG。RU1942NIAN,ZHANGYETEYUE3HUNONGJIAFANZHIDASUIZIXIAOMAIPINZHONG,GONGJI18MU;PINGLIANGTUIGUANGZHANGSUIXIAOMAI12MU,HONGJINMAI10MU;HUIXIANTUIGUANGLAOHANMAIZHONG10 545SHI,HONGMAI27SHI;MINXIANZHIDAONONGMINZIDONGDIAOHUANYOULIANGMAIZHONGLANMAIJIYANGMAI;JINGCHUANYINJIN“SHANNONGNIANQIHAO(MAZHAMAI)”40JIN,FENFATEYUENONGHUZHONGZHI,TONGSHIYINZHONGLAOJINMAIDENG210MU;YUZHONGTUIGUANGBAIMAI147MU(37)。1941-1942NIANGANSUNONGYETUIGUANGSUOYUPINGLIANGNONGCHANGJIANDING,BIJIAOYOULIANGDEXIAOMAIPINZHONGSHIHONGJINMAI、BAIJINMAI,QIYOUDIANSHI“BUTUOLI,BUDAOFU、CHANLIANGJIAOGAO、PINZHIJIAOYOU”(38)。CONG1943NIANKAISHIDAO1945NIAN,LONGDONGNONGLINSHIYANCHANGXIANHOUZAIPINGLIANGDENG9XIANJINXINGXIAOMAIYOULIANGPINZHONGJIANDING,JIANDINGCHUYIZHANGTIAO、HONGJINMAILIANGGEPINZHONG,BINGYU1944NIANKAISHITUIGUANG,JIEZHI1946NIAN,GONGSHIFANTUIGUANG16 905MU,ZHONGZHINONGHU611HU,ZHONGZHILIANGZHONG1690SHI。YIMEIMUCHANLIANGCHAOGUODANGDIQITAPINZHONG40JINJISUAN,KEZENGJIACHANLIANG67.62WANJIN;YIMEIDOU15JINJISUAN,HEJI508SHI,KEZENGJIANONGMINSHOUYI9016WANYUAN(39)。ZUJIAN,ZAIBENDIXIAOMAIYOULIANGPINZHONGJIANDINGHETUIGUANGZHONG,GANSUGEDINONGLINCHANGQUDELELIANGHAODECHENGJI。

 

1943NIANHOU,GANSUSHENGXIAOMAIXUANYUYUSHIYANYIYINZHONGSHENGWAIYOULIANGPINZHONGWEIZHU。TONGGUO3NIANSHIYAN,1945NIANXUANCHUSHIYIBENDISHENGZHANGDEXIAOMAIPINZHONG18GE。TEBIESHIYINJINPINZHONGZHONGDEWUGONG27、JINDA(JIJINLINGDAXUE)JINGYANG129、LANMANGMAIJINGYANG302、JINGYANG60、SHANNONG7HAODENG6GEPINZHONG“JIAODANGDIPINZHONGQUEYOUCHANLIANGGAO,PINZHIJIA,CHENGSHUZAO,TUOLIYI”DEYOUYUEXING,DANCHUJINGYANG302WAI,QITAXIAOMAIYUDANGDIHONGJINMAIBIJIAO,CHANLIANGJIAODIERQIEKANGHANLICHA(40)。1944NIANHOU,GANSUDEXIAOMAISHIYANYUTUIGUANGDEZHONGDIANSHIJINGYANG302MAI。

 

AG娱乐网JINGYANG302XIAOMAISHI1923NIANYOU“JINLINGDAXUEXIBEINONGSHISHIYANCHANGZAISHANXIWEINANNONGTIANZHONGXUANZEZHIDANSUI”JINXINGSHIYAN,JIEZHI1936NIANDA13NIANZHIJIU。JINGYANG302MAIDEYOUDIANSHI: “1.JINGGANJIANYING,BUYIDAOFU;2.CHENGSHUQIZAO,CHANLIJUNQIANG;3.KANGHANLI、KANGSHUANGLIJUNQIANG;4.KANGBINGCHONGHAILIDA;5.ZILIDAMIANSEBAI;6.CHUFENLVGAO;7.SHOUSHICHANGHUANYING。”GAIXIAOMAISHIHEZAIGANHAN、GAOHANDIQUZHONGZHI。1942NIAN,NONGLINBUZHONGYANGNONGLINSHIYANSUOYUGESHENGHEZUOBANLIYOULIANGMAIZHONGJIDANGDIXIAOMAIBIJIAOSHIFANSHIYANZHONG,JINGYANG302XIAOMAITUOYINGERCHU。GANSUNONGYEGAIJINSUOHEXI、TAOMIN、LONGDONG、LONGNANNONGLINSHIYANCHANGDEQUYUJINXINGGEZHONGXIAOMAIPINZHONGBIJIAOSHIYAN,“YIJINGYANG302XIAOMAIZAITIANSHUILONGNANQUNONGLINSHIYANCHANGSHIYANZHICHENGXIAOZUIXIANZHU,JIAODANGDIPINZHONGBUDANNIANCHANGAO、PINZHIJIA,ERQIEJUYOUCHENGSHUZAO、BINGCHONGSHAO、JINGGANBUDAOFUJIZILIDADENGZHUXIANGYOUDIAN。NONGMINJIWEIHUANYING,ZAISHIYINGQUYUSHANGYAN,LONGNANCHUTIANSHUIQUCHANGJUXINGSHIYANWAI,BINGFENBIEYUQINAN、QINGSHUI、HUIXIAN、XIHEDENGXIANJUXINGFENGTUSHIYINGSHIYAN”。ZAIGEZHONGDUIBISHIYANZHONG,JINGYANG302MAIXIANSHICHUYOULIANGPINZHI。RU1945NIANTIANSHUITEYUEFANZHIJISHIFANJIEGUO,PINGJUNMEIMUCHANLIANGWEI1.68SHI,TONGSHIDIAOCHA3GEXIANGZHEN18HUNONGJIAPINGTANFEIWODETUDI,ZHONGZHIQITAXIAOMAIPINGJUNMEIMUCHANLIANG1.42SHI,DIYU302MAI0.26SHI;1944NIAN,LONGDONGDONGJIQIHOUHANLENG,“WAILAIMAIZHONGJUNSHOUDONGHAI,WEIJINGYANG302MAIWEISHOUDONGHAI”。QINGSHUINONGYETUIGUANGSUOSHIYANDEXIAOMAIPINZHONGYOU15GE,CHANLIANGYI“JINGYANG302MAIJUSHOUWEI,MEIMUHE321.9JIN,CHAOCHUBENDIQINGSHUMAI、MAZHAMAI、HUOMAI”;QINANSHIYAN302XIAOMAI“YIJIAODANGDIPINZHONGSHENGZHANGWEIYOU”;HUIXIANSHIYANDEJIEGUO“JINGYANG302MAICHUCIYUDANGDILAOHANMAIWAI,JIAOQITAPINZHONGJUNYOU”(41)。ZHEIXIEJUNSHUOMINGJINGYANG302MAIJUYOUCHANLIANGGAO、KANGBINGCHONGHAIHEKANGDONGXINGNENGQIANGDETEDIAN。JINGYANG302MAIZAIGANSUGEDISHIYANCHANLIANGBIJIAOTONGJIRUBIAO2。

 

 

CONGBIAO2LAIKAN,JINGYANG302XIAOMAICHANLIANGGAOYUGEDIYUANLAIXIAOMAIMUCHANLIANGDE10%~38%BUDENG,JIJUTUIGUANGJIAZHI。WEILETUIGUANGJINGYANG302XIAOMAI,BIXUYOUYIDINGSHULIANGDEPINZHONG,GANSUNONGYETUIGUANGSUOCAIQULIANGZHONGFANZHIPINZHONGBANFA。YISHIYOUNONGLINSHIYANCHANGZIJIFANZHI。1944-1945NIANYOULONGNANQUNONGLINSHIYANCHANGZHONGZHI90.96MU,YONGZHONGLIANG9.2SHI,XUANZHONGLIANG126SHI。ERSHITEYUENONGHUFANZHI。WEIKUODAZHONGZHIMIANJIYIBIANDALIANGTUIGUANGQIJIAN,1944NIANQIUJIKAISHIWUSELIANGZHONGSHIFANNONGJIAJITEYUENONGJIAJUXINGSHIFANZAIPEIYUFANZHI,NONGYETUIGUANGSUOYULONGNANNONGLINSHIYANCHANGNIDINGTUIGUANGFANZHIBANFA,GUIDING“YIQIEXUSHOUNONGCHANGJINONGYETUIGUANGSUOZHIZHIDAO,NONGJIASUOSHOUHUOZHIMAI,CHUZILIUZHONGZHEWAI,LONGNANFUDAOQUYUZHONGGUONONGMINYINXINGDEANSHIJIAJIAYICHENGSHOUMAI,ZUOWEITUIGUANGCAILIAO”(42)。BIAO3SHITEYUESHIFANNONGJIAXIAOMAIFANZHISHULIANGTONGJIBIAO。

 

 

TEYUEFANZHINONGJIAYUSHIFANNONGJIASHEJILONGNAN14GEXIANGZHEN,GONGZHONGZHIJINGYANG302MAIMIANJI354.7MU,SHOUHUOLIANGWEI604.9SHI。ZAILIANGZHONGFANZHIBANFAZHONG,TEYUENONGJIASHIJINGYANG302MAIDEZHUYAOFANZHIZHE。ANZHAOSHIXIANYUEDING,CHULEZIXINGLIUZHONGWAI,79.8%DEPINZHONGHUOGONGJIFUJINNONGJIAZHONGZHI,HUOBEINONGXINGSHOUGOU,HUOYONGZUOTUIGUANG。

 

JINGYANG302MAITUIGUANGFANGFAYEYOULIANGZHONG。YIZHONGSHIDAIZHONG。CIZHONGBANFATONGGUOZHONGGUONONGMINYINXINGBANLI,JIYISHIWUDAIKUANDEXINGSHIBAJINGYANG302MAIZHONGDAIFANGJINONGMIN,CINIANMAISHOUHOUJIA1CHENGHUOJIA2CHENGGUIHAI。1944NIAN,ZAI7GEXIANGZHEN96JIANONGHU,DAIFANGZIZHONG35.47SHI,BOZHONGMIANJI354.7MU,SHOUHUIZIZHONG39.02SHI。MAIZHONGYOUNONGMINYINXINGLONGNANFENZHANJISHANXIJINGYANGGOUZHI,CINIANANJIA1CHENGSHOUHUIZHONGXI。1945NIAN,ZAI10GEXIANGZHEN107HUNONGJIA,DAIFANGZIZHONG68.84SHI,BOZHONGMIANJI688.4MU,SHOUHUIZIZHONG86.05SHI。ZIZHONGYOUNONGXINGXIANGLONGNANNONGLINCHANGHELONGNANFENZHANGOUMAI,CINIANANERCHENGSHOUHUIZHONGXI。ERSHIHUANZHONG。YOUNONGYETUIGUANGSUOFUZECHANGDAONONGMINXIANGTEYUENONGJIAHUOSHIFANNONGJIAHUANZHONG,YIPUTONGXIAOMAI1SHI1DOUHUANJINGYANG302MAIZHONG1SHI,TONGSHI“ZHIDAONONGMINFANGZHAOBANLISANSHISIZHISANSHIWUNIAN(1945-1946NIAN)DUYUEDINGTEZHONGNONGJIAYIERFENZHIYIMIANJIZUOWEITEYUEFANZHIZHONGZITIAN,JIAGONGGUANLIYIBEISHOUHUOHOUGONGJINONGJIAHUANZHONG,YIDANONGYETUIGUANGZHIMUDE”。JUTONGJI,1945NIANLONGNANYOU4GEXIANGZHENHUANZHONG21.76SHI,BOZHONGMIANJI217.6MU,GUJISHOUHUOLIANGWEI326SHI。1944-1945NIAN,LONGNANQUCHANGTUIGUANG10GEXIANGZHEN,834HU,BOZHONGMIANJI4501.9MU,YIMEIMUPINGJUNSHOUHUO1.5SHIJISUAN,KESHOUHUOXIAOMAI6752.72SHI。ZI1943NIANJINGYANG302ZAIGANSUSHIYANTUIGUANGYILAI,ZHI1946NIANGONGTUIGUANG1037HU,5763MU。“ANSINIANSHIYANJIEGUO,PINGJUNJINGYANG302MAIJIAODANGDINONGJIALIANGZHONG,QINGSHUMAIMEIMUDUOSHOU4.2SHIDOU。ZIJINYIDUOSHOU4SHIDOUJISUAN,ZESINIANLAIBENPINZHONGZAITIANSHUIYIDAIZHISHIJIZENGCHAN,XIWEI2400YUSHISHI,RUOYULONGNANGEXIANDAGUIMOJUXINGQUYUSHIYANJIKUODATUIGUANGQUYU,ZEKEDAZENGCHANZHIMUDE,BINGSHIHUINONGMIN,JIEDACUJINNONGCUNJINGJIFANRONGZHIHUDE”(43)。KEJIAN,ZAIGANSUXIAOMAIYOULIANGPINZHONGSHIYANYUTUIGUANGZHONG,JINGYANG302MAIJUYOUGUANGKUODEQIANJING,DUITUIDONGNONGYESHENGCHANHENONGCUNJINGJIYOUHENDADEYIYI。

 

2.TUIGUANGZHIMIAN

 

KANGZHANBAOFAHOU,CHUHENANXIBU、SHANXIGUANZHONGWAI,AGYULEWANGGUOQITAZHUYAOMIANQUDABUFENBEIRIBENJUNDUISUOZHANLING,YUANMIANGONGYINGJIJUJIANSHAO。JIUGANSUERYAN,MIANHUA、MIANBUZHANGQIYILAIYUHENAN、SHANXISHURU,CISHIPOGANJINZHANG,MIANJIAFEIZHANG,MINYIWEIJIAN。JU1941NIANQUANSHENGHUKOUTONGJI,GANSUQUANSHENGRENKOUWEI615.6WANREN,YIPINGJUNMEIRENMEINIANXUYAOMIANHUA7.8JIN(YINGGUORENToddGUJISHULIANG),QUANSHENGNIANXUYAOMIANHUALIANGWEI53.58WANYUDAN,DANDANGSHIQUANSHENGMIANHUACHANLIANGBUZU3WANDAN,XIANGCHA50YUWANDAN(44)。YINCI,KANGZHANSHIQI,GANSUSHENGZHENGFUZAISHIYIMIANHUAZHONGZHIDEDIQUYINJINHESHIYANMIANHUAPINZHONG,JINXINGDAMIANJITUIGUANG。

 

AG娱乐网1938NIAN,GANSUSHENGNONGCHANGAIJINSUOXIANHOUZAITIANSHUI、CHENGXIAN、HUIXIANFAFANGMIANZI1.7WANJIN,ZHONGZHI1300YUMU,MEIMUCHANMIANKEDA55JINYISHANG。CINIAN,YOUYUGANGU、WUSHANDENG10XIANFAFANGMIANZI4000YUJIN,“LINGQISHIZHONG,CHENGJISHANGJIA”。GAINIANLONGNANQUYOUSHANGHAOMIANTIAN1500YUMU,ZONGCHANLIANG9WANYUJIN(45)。1939NIANGANSUSHENGNONGYEGAIJINSUOZAIGAOLANQU、LONGNANQU、LONGDONGQUJINXINGZHIMIANSHIYAN,QUDELECHENGJI,RUZAIGAOLANSHIYANDETUOZIMIAN、SIZIMIAN、DEZIMIANDENG3ZHONG,“SHIYANJIEGUO,YICHENGSHUJIAOZAOZHITUOZIMIANSHENGZHANGZUIJIA,MEIMUCHANLIANGYUEPIMIANSANSHIWUJIN”;ZAITIANSHUIDENG13XIANFAFANGMIANZI17 000JIN,“CHENGJIJIAOJIAZHIMIANTIAN,TIANSHUIYUE600MU,HUIXIANYUE500MU,CHENGXIANYUE200MU,PINGJUNMEIMUCHANMIANKEDA55JINYISHANG”(46)。1940NIAN,GANSUSHENGZAINONGYECUJINWEIYUANHUI、ZHONGGUOYINXINGHEHEZUOWEIYUANHUIDENULIXIA,ZAILONGDONG、LONGNANTUIGUANGMIANZHONG8.3WANYUJIN,ZHIMIAN0.97WANYUMU(47)。ZHEICITUIGUANGZHIMIANMIANJIDIYUSUIGUANG,DANYOUDEDIFANGXIAOGUOBINGBUXIANZHU,RUWUSHAN“SHIZHONGJIEGUO,WEIHUOCHENGMIANYIJIN,GUXIANGRENSHIFENYIHUO,DABUNAIGAIZHONGTAWU,MIANTIANDUNJIAN”(48)。1941NIAN3YUE,QUANGUOJINGJIWEIYUANHUIYUGANSUSHENGZHENGFUAGYULEWANGTINGHUISHANG,YOUSHUANGFANGGONGTONGTOUZI,CHENGLIGANSUSHENGMIANYETUIGUANGWEIYUANHUI,BINGYAOQINGSHENGNONGYEGAIJINSUO、HEZUOSHIYEGUANLIJU、SILIANBANSHICHULANZHOUFENCHUDENGJIGUANCANJIAGANSUMIANYETUIGUANGSHIYI,QUANSHENGFENWEIHEXI、LONGNAN、LONGDONGSANDATUIGUANGQUYU,XUYAOJINGFEI44WANYUAN,YOUJINGWEIHUICHENGDANBANSHU,ZAITIANSHUIDENG12XIANQUSHELITUIGUANGZHIMIANBANSHICHU,GONGZHIMIAN6.5WANMU(49)。1942NIAN,GANSUZHIMIANTUIGUANGBANFASHIZAIGUIDINGDEGEZHONGYAOMIANQU,“FENBIESHEZHITEYUESHIFANMIANTIAN,YIGUIDINGTIAOJIAN,XUANYUESHIDANGMIANNONG,CONGSHIZAIPEIMEIMIANSHIFANJIFANZHILIANGZHONG”。ZHIMIANTUIGUANGYI“JIZHONGRENLI、JIZHONGQUYU”WEIYUANZE,XUANDINGTIANSHUI、HUIXIAN、CHENGXIAN、WUDOU、JINGCHUAN、JINGYUANWEITUIGUANGQUYU,ZHIJIEFAFANGMIANZHONGTUIGUANG4119MU,ZHIDAOMIANNONGZILIUZHONGTUIGUANG18 984MU,GONGJI23 103MU(50)。

 

GANSUTUIGUANGDEMIANHUAPINZHONGYOUYAZHOUMIAN、MEIMIANYUFEIZHOUMIAN。RU“GAOLAN、YUZHONGDENGYANHUANGHEGEXIAN,DUOZHITUOZIMIAN,XIYOUQIANGANSUSHENGZHIMIANTUIGUANGZHIDAOSUOTUIGUANGZHE。TIANSHUI、QINAN、LONGNANCHANMIANGEXIAN,DUOTUOZIMIANHUOTUIHUAYANGMIAN。GAOTAI、LINZEDENGXIAN,WEIYIAIXINGZHIYAZHOUMIAN。ZHIDUNHUANGXIANZHONGZHIZHIYANGMIAN,XIXINJIANGTULUFANSHURU,KANGXIANZHIYANGMIANXISHANXISHURU”(51)。HEXIYIYAZHOUMIANZUIZHANYOUSHI,DONGZHIMINQIN,XIZHIDUNHUANG,DOUYOUZHONGZHI;FEIZHOUMIANZAIJINTAXIANYOUCHUNZHONGZHIQU,ZAIANXI、DINGXIN、DUNHUANGDENGXIANYUZHONGMIANHUNZHONG;MEIZHOUMIANSHIKANGZHANSHIQIYINJIN,ZAIJINTA、ANXIJIAOQUYOUZHONGZHI(52)。

 

TONGGUOTUIGUANGHEZHONGZHI,GANSUXINGCHENGLEHEXI、LONGNAN、JINGYUANDENGMIANHUAZHUYAOCHANDI。HEXIMIANHUAZHUYAOCHANYUDUNHUANG、GAOTAI、ZHANGYEDENGXIAN,JUDIAOCHA,DUNHUANG“MIANHUACHANYUHEIHEZHONGYOU,DUNHUANGXIANCHENGFUJIN,CILIUYUYUEZHANHEXIMIANTIANZHIBANSHU”,QUANXIANMIANQUGONGYOU5400MU,NIANCHANMIANHUA52.1WANJIN。GAOTAINIANCHAN50WANJIN,ZHANGYENIANCHAN12WANJIN,LINZENIANCHAN14.4WANJIN,JINTANIANCHAN19.5WANJIN。LONGNANMIANHUAZHUYAOCHANYUWUDOU、CHENGXIAN、TIANSHUI、LIANGDANGDENGDI,RUWUDOU“MIANHUASHENGCHAN,BUDANZAIGANNANSHOUQUYIZHI,JIZAIQUANSHENGYIYOUXIANGDANGDIWEI,MIANTIANYUE21 000SHIMU,MEINIANKECHANMIAN800 000JIN,XIANWEIXIZHANG,GUANGZEJIEBAI,DUOTUOZIHESIZIMIAN,PINZHIBUYAYUSHANMIAN”;CHENGXIANZAIKANGZHANSHIQIMIANHUAZHONGZHIPUJIQUANXIAN,1942NIANTONGJIMIANTIAN9600MU,NIANCHANMIANHUA28.8WANJIN;LINGWAI,TIANSHUINIANCHAN49WANJIN,HUIXIANNIANCHAN18.8WANJIN,LIANGDANGNIANCHAN10WANJIN,WENXIANNIANCHAN5WANJIN,XIHENIANCHAN3WANJIN,KANGXIANNIANCHAN1.5WANJIN。LONGDONGYEYOUMIANHUACHUCHAN,DANSHULIANGBIJIAOSHAO,RUCHONGXINMIANTIANYUE120MU,CHANE2400JIN;LINGTAIZHIMIAN700MU,CHANE1.4WANJIN(53)。YOUJUMINGUO《JINGYUANXIANZHI》JIZAINIANZHONGZHIMIANHUA1.6WANMU,CHANMIAN50WANJIN(54)。YOUJUGANSUSHENGMAOYIGONGSI、GANSUSHENGNONGYEGAIJINSUODUIQUANSHENG28XIANZHIMIANDIAOCHA,ZHIMIANMIANJI17.7WANMU,NIANCHANMIANHUA422.3WANJIN,“MIANTIANSHUMU,YIDUNHUANGWEIZUIDA,WUDOU、GAOTAI、TIANSHUI、JINGYUAN、JINTA、LINZE、CHENGXIAN、HUIXIAN、JINGCHUANDENGXIANYISHUKEGUAN”(55)。KANGZHANSHIQIGANSUMIANHUACHANLIANGYOUSUOZENGJIA,1943NIANSHI6.5WANDAN,1944NIANWEI5.3WANDAN,1945NIANWEI6.7WANDAN(56)。JINGUANSUOCHANMIANHUAJULIXUQIUSHANGYUAN,DANGANSUMIANHUAYINJIN、SHIYANHETUIGUANGSUOQUDEDECHENGJIYINGDANGDEDAOKENDING。

 

3.GAILIANGSHATIAN

 

SHATIANSHIGANSUZHONGBUGANHANDIQUSHIYONGDEYIZHONGNONGYEJISHU(57)。CONGXUELISHANGKAN,SHATIANDUINONGYEGENGZUODEYIYISHI: “(YI)FANTUCENGSHANGMIANPUYOUSHALIZHITIAN,SUISHOULIEFENGKURIZHICHUISHAI,ERTURANGSHUIFENYONGKEBAOCUN;GAIDIMIANSHAYOUSHUSONGSUISHAYICENG,POHUAIHUANGRANGZHIMAOXIGUAN,ZUZHITURANGSHUIFENZHIZHENGFA,ZUOWULAIYIZIYANG,FANZHIPENGBO。GUYASHAKEYIKANGHAN,YIJIYULIANGZHIBUZU,BINGKEDIAOJIQIBUYUN。(ER)YASHAZHITIANXIREJIYI,NENGJIESHOURIGUANGZHIWENDU,JIERUTUZHONG,ZENGGAODIDIZHIWENDU,YOUGAILIANGQIHOUZHIGONGXIAO,GUHANLENGZHIDIYIJINGPUSHA,ZHUWUKEZHIYI。(SAN)GANSUTURANGDAIYOUJIANXING,WEIHAIZUOWU……YASHAZHIZHIJIANYANZHISHANGSHENG,ZAITONGYIDIDAI(GAOLANGUCHENGCHUAN),TURANGLICENGZHIKERONGXINGYANLEISHATIANYUSHUITIANXIANGCHAERSHIYUBEI(SHATIANTURANGZHIKERONGXINGYANLEIZONGLIANGWEI0.095%,JILVHUANA0.042%,TANSUANNA0.013%,LIUSUANNA0.040%;SHUITIANTURANGKERONGXINGYANLEIZONGLIANGWEI0.220%,LVHUANA0.098%,LIUSUANNA0.122%),GUSHATIANYOUJIEXIAOTURANGJIANXINGZHILI。(SI)YASHAZHITIAN,TUCENGSHIRUN,BUYINYINYUERDIBIAOBANZHI,SUIGANSHENGQIUYULIANMIAN,WUBUNONGSHI,DANYINDIMIANYAYOUSHASHI,YUDIZHURUTUNEI,GUWEIFENGCUN,YIBEIBUSHIZHIXU,GUYIJINGBOZHONG,FAYUZAOERQIESU。(WU)NONGTIANNENGBAOCHIFEIFENBUZHILIUSHI,QIENENGWENGUZUOWUGENJING,JIAQIANGDIKANGFENGZAILI。(LIU)YASHAZHITIAN,SHAOSHENGZACAO。”(58)JITUDIPUSHAYOUBAOSHANG、BAORE、BAOFEI、KANGJIAN、KANGFENGDENGZUOYONG。JUYAN“SHATIANXUSHUILITEQIANG,DEYICIZUYULAINIANJIKEFENGSHOU,RUMINGCHUNNENGZAIDEYUYIERCI,ZEMAICHANMEIMUKEDEERSHISHIZHIDUO”(59)。GANSUNONGMINDUIRUHEXUANZESHALIJILEILEBIJIAOFENGFUDEJINGYAN,“TAMENKANLEFUJINDESHANSHIHEHELIUDEQINGXING,KEYIPANDUANYIWANGDESHANGOUHEHEDAODELIUXIANG,HESUOXIEDAISHALIYINGCHONGJIZAISHENMEDIFANG,YIJIPINZHIDEHAOHUAI,YIJINGWAQUCHULAIDOUBUDACUO”。QUSHADEDIFANGKEFENWEI3ZHONG,YISHISHANSHA,SHICONGSHANGENNEIWAQUDESHALI;ERSHIHESHA,SHICONGHEBIANTANDIWAQUDESHALI;SANSHIJINGSHA,SHICONGPINGDIXIANGXIAWAQUDESHALI(60)。SHATIANSHIHUANGHESHANGYOUQUYUGANHANQUBIJIAOCHENGSHUDEYIZHONGNONGYEJISHU,DANSHATIANYOUYIDINGDESHIYONGNIANXIAN,“SHUISHATIANDESHOUMINGBUDAOLIUNIAN,HANSHATIANBUDAOERSHINIAN”,GUSHATIANDIQUYOU“KUSIYEYE,FUSIERZI,QIONGSISUNZI”DENONGYAN(61)。YEJIUSHISHUOZUFUYIBEIXINXINKUKUPUSHA,ERZIZUOXIANGQICHENG,DAOSUNZISHIDAISHATIANYIJINGLAOHUA。

 

1935NIAN,ZHONGGUONONGMINYINXINGLANZHOUFENXINGCHENGLIHOU,NONGXINGZUZHIXIANGGUANRENYUANDUISHATIANJINXINGDIAOCHA,ZHUYAOFENBUZAIGAOLAN、JINGTAI、YONGDENG、YONGJING、YUZHONG、JINGYUANDENGXIAN,GONGYUE80YUWANMU,QIZHONGGAOLANZUIDUO,DA24.6WANYUMU,YUEZHAN1/3(62)。ZAILINGYIDIAOCHAZHONG,GANSUSHATIANFENBUZAILANZHOU、GAOLAN、YUZHONG、JINGYUAN、JINGTAI、YONGDENG、YONGJING、LINXIA、HUINING、HAIYUAN、GUYUAN、HUANGHUIQUTEZHONGXIANGDENGDI,YOUDEXIANFENSHATIANZHANNONGTIANBILIJIAOGAO,RUGAOLANZHAN22.5%,YONGDENGZHAN14.4%,JINGTAIZHAN26.1%,JINGYUANZHAN4.1%(63)。ANZHAOSHATIANDESHIYONGSHOUMING,GUANGXUCHUNIANGAILIANGDESHATIAN,DAO20SHIJI20~30NIANDAIYIYOUWULIUSHINIAN,SHATIANYIJINGLAOHUA,RU1934NIANDIAOCHA,GANSU“YUANYOUSHATIANHUANGFEIBANSHU”(64),SHENGCHENGFUJINZHONGSHANCUNHEZUOSHE“SHEYUANSHUBAIREN,QUANLAISHATIANWEISHENG,ERSHATIANSHUAILAOZHICHENGDU”ZHAN75%YISHANG(65)。SHATIANDELAOHUACHENGDUYIJINGSHIFENYANZHONG。JIUQIYUANYIN: YISHIZIBEIYANGZHENGFUYILAI,YOUQIGUOMINJUNRUGANHOU,KEJUANZASHUIFANZHONG,DAOZHINONGCUNJINGJIPOCHAN;ERSHISHEHUIDONGDANGBUAN,NONGMINBUNENGANJULEYE;SANSHISHATIANGAILIANGCHENGBENGAO,“GENGHUANXINSHAXUCHENGBENHAODA,NONGMINBENSHENWUNENGLI(66)。YIXIEYOUSHIZHISHITICHULETOUZIGAILIANGSHATIANDEBANFA,DANMEIYOULUOSHI。

 

1942NIANDONGJI,ZHONGGUONONGMINYINXINGKAISHIJUBANTUDIGAILIANGPUSHAFANGKUAN,DUIGANSULAOHUASHATIANJINXINGGAILIANG。JUJIZAI,NONGXINGXIEZHU“GAOLANYIDAINONGMINPUHUANXINSHASIQIANYUMU,DAISHUERBAIWANYUAN,SHENWEINONGMINSUOHUANYING,YUSANSHIERNIAN(1943NIAN——YINZHEZHU)DUGENGKUODAZHILANZHOU、JINGYUAN、TAOSHADENGXIANSHI,DAISHUZONGEDAYIQIANYUWANYUAN,DAIBENNIANDU(1944NIAN——YINZHEZHU)KAISHIGENGZENGJIAWEISANQIANSANBAIWANYUAN,QUYUYIKUODAZHILANZHOU、GAOLAN、YUZHONG、YONGDENG、JINGYUAN、JINGTAI、LINTAO、TAOSHA、YONGJINGDENGJIUXIANSHI,JIJIEZHIQIYUEDIZHIYIDAICHUERQIANYUWANYUAN,PUCHENGXINSHADIERWANYUMU”(67)。GANSUPUSHADAIKUANGONGZUOJINXINGLE4NIAN(JIEZHI1945NIAN6YUE)。JUBANDEJUTIQINGXINGRUXIA: (YI)FANGKUANQUYU。ZHUYAOJIZHONGZAIGANSUZHONGBUGANHANSHAOYU,YOUSHATIANCHUANTONGDEGAOLAN、JINGYUAN、YUZHONG、YONGDENG、LINTAO、TAOSHA、JINGTAI、LANZHOU(SHI)JIHUANGHUIQUTEZHONGXIANGGONGSUODENGDI。(ER)FANGKUANDUIXIANG。YINONGMINZUZHIDEXINYONGHEZUOSHEWEIDUIXIANG,SHENQINGDAIKUANDENONGMINWEICANJIAHEZUOSHEDESHEYUAN。(SAN)DAIKUANBANFA。FANSHENQINGDAIKUANDESHEYUAN,“XUYIGAILIANGZHITUDI,JIAOYOUHEZUOSHEWEIXIANGNONGXINGSHENQINGDAIKUANZHIDIYADANBAO”,YINXINGXIANGSHEYUANFAFANGDAIKUANDETIAOJIANSHI: “1.JIEKUANSHEYUANXUWEIZHONGSHIQINKENBINGWUBULIANGSHIHAOZHIZIGENGNONGMIN。2.WEIGUJINONGMINZHIZIJINJILAOLIGONGYINGQIJIAN,MEISHEYUANMEICIZUIDUODESHENQINGGAILIANGTUDIWUSHIMU。JINGDIAOCHASHUSHI,SHIXINGDAIFANG,BINGPAIYUANJIANCHAGESHEFENBIEDAIJIGESHEYUAN。”FANGKUANQIXIANWEI2~3NIAN,YIFENNIANPINGJUNDENGEDEBANFAGUIHAIDAIKUAN,BUTONGNIANFENLIXIFENBIESHI: 1942NIANYUEXI8LI,1943NIANYUEXI1FEN,1944NIANYUEXI2FEN5LI。(SI)FANGKUANSHULIANG。KANGZHANSHIQITONGHUOPENGZHANG,FABIBIANZHI,BUTONGNIANFENMEIMUFANGKUANSHULIANGBUTONG,1942NIANMEIMU400YUAN;1943NIANSHANGBANNIAN800YUAN,XIABANNIAN1200YUAN;1944NIANSHANGBANNIAN1600YUAN,XIABANNIAN2000YUAN;1945NIANSHANGBANNIAN2500~3000YUAN。GENIANDAIKUANZONGEWEI: 1942NIAN114 750YUAN,1943NIAN10 317 468YUAN,1944NIAN39 426 834YUAN,1945NIAN76 913 551YUAN。CONG1942NIANDONGJIZHI1945NIAN6YUE,SHATIANGAILIANGGONGJUBAN4NIAN,GAILIANGTUDI46 782.04MU。RUBIAO4。

 

 

CONGBIAO4KAN,1945NIANZHONGGUONONGMINYINXINGZAIGANSU10GEXINGZHENGQUZUJIANLE288GETUDIGAILIANGXINYONGHEZUOSHE,CANJIASHEYUAN9820REN,DAIKUAN7691.3WANYUAN,GONGJIGAILIANGTUDI4.7WANMU。GENJUDANGSHIDIAOCHA,YOU83GESHE2489MINGSHEYUANJIANGDIYICIJIEKUANCHANGQINGHOU,XUDAIDIERCIJIEKUAN;YOU6GESHE227MINGSHEYUANHAIQINGLIANGCIJIEKUAN,YIJIEDISANCIDAIKUAN。HEJIFANGKUANCISHULEIJI377GESHE,SHEYUAN14 579RENCI。YICIJISUAN,MEIMUPINGJUNFANGKUAN1744.08YUAN,MEISHEMEICIDAIFANG204 014.73YUAN,MEISHEYUANPINGJUNDAIFANG5275.63YUAN,MEISHEYUANPINGJUNPUSHAMUSHU3.208SHIMU。(68)

 

4.BINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI

 

AG娱乐网FANGZHINONGZUOWUBINGCHONGHAISHIKANGZHANSHIQINONGYEGAILIANGHEZENGJIALIANGSHISHENGCHANDEZHUYAONEIRONG。GANSUCHANGJIANDENONGZUOWUBINGCHONGHAIZHUYAOYOU: XIAOMAI、GAOLIANG、MIZI、DAMAI、YANMAI、YUMIDENGDEHEISUIBING,XIAOMAIHUANGXIUBING、MAIGANYING,XIAOMAI、WANDOU、SHUIDAODEMAIXIANGCHONGDENG,MIANHUAJIAOBANBING、TANJUBING、KUWEIBING、MIANYACHONGDENG,MALINGSHUYIBING,YUANYIZUOWUBINGCHONGHAIYOUHUANGJINCAICHONG、YUANYECHONG、ERONGJINGUIZI、GUASHOU、DOUJINGUIZI、LICHONG、LISEJINGUIZI、BACHONG、LOUGU、PINGGUOCHAOCHONG、JUANYECHONGDENGDENG。ZHEIXIEBINGCHONGHAIDUINONGZUOWUWEIXIEHENDA,YIDANFASHENG,ZUIZHIJIEDEHOUGUOSHIDAOZHINONGZUOWUJIANCHAN。RUXIAOMAIYIDANHUANYOUGANHEISUIBING,QINGZEYEFAHUANG,ZHONGZEQUANBUKUSI,SHOUHAIMAIZHU90%YISHANGBUCHOUSUI,JIBIANYOUSUIYECHENGJIXING。HEISUIBINGSHIGANSUZHUYAOBINGHAI,YIDANFASHENGBIRANDAOZHINONGYEJIANCHAN。JUSHENGLIANGSHIWEIYUANHUIGUJI,MAILEIDEHEISUIBINGSHIMEINIANDEMAICHANLIANGSUNSHIPINGJUNZAI22%YISHANG(69)。JUDANGSHILINTAONONGXIAODIAOCHA,HEISUIBINGDAOZHIGAIXIANXIAOMAIPINGJUNNIANSUNSHIDA20%(70)。1941NIANQUANSHENG14XIANFASHENGHEISUIBING,PINGJUNSUNSHI17%,ZHEHEFABI1YI5QIANWANYUAN(71)。KANGZHANQIJIAN,TIANSHUI、HUIXIAN、CHENGXIAN、PINGLIANG、JINGCHUANDENGDIFASHENGDOUXIANGCHONGHAI,DAOZHIWANDOUJIANCHAN50%ZUOYOU;GANGUMAIECHONGDAOZHIXIAOMAIJIANCHAN70%;ZHANGXIANMAIGANYINGQINHAIMAIMIAO,SHOUZAIZHONGZHESUNSHIZAI60%YISHANG(72)。

 

1939NIAN,GANSUSHENGNONGYETUIGUANGSUOTOUZIJINGFEI12WANYUAN,ZAILONGNANJINXINGLEYACHONGDEFANGZHI,QUDEJIAOHAODEXIAOGUO(73)。YINXIAOMAIHEISUIBINGWEIHAIZUIDA,GU1941NIANGANSUBAFANGZHIHEISUIBINGDANGZUOLIANGSHIZENGCHANDEZHONGXINGONGZUO,XUANZE14GEXIANZUOWEIZHONGDIAN,ZI6YUE1RIKAISHIDAO7YUE1RIJIESHU,GENJUGONGZUOBAOGAO,QUDEDECHENGXIAORUBIAO5。

 

 

AG娱乐网1941NIAN,GANSUFANGZHIHEISUIBING268.6WANYUMU,YIPINGJUNJIANSHAOMAICHANSUNSHI5%、BENSHENGCHANGNIANPINGJUNCHANLIANG1DANJISUAN,BEIFANGZHIDE14XIANGONGKEJIANSHAOLIANGSHISUNSHI137 800DAN。DANSHIRENRENWEI: “ZHEICIBACHUHEISUIBINGSHIWEIDADAOZENGCHANDEMUDE,ZUIDADEXIAOGUOSHISHINONGMINZHIDAOLEHEISUIBINGDEMINGCI,HUOSHITAMENDUIHEISUIBINGZHIWEIHAIDUOYICENGRENSHI。”(74)JINGUANTONGGUOFANGZHIBINGCHONGHAIWEIBINENGDADAOMUDE,DANZENGJINLENONGMINDUIBINGHAIDERENSHI。

 

1942NIANYIFANGZHIHEISUIBINGWEIZHUYAOGONGZUO,YILANZHOU、GAOLAN、MINXIAN、TIANSHUI、LINTAO、ZHANGYE、PINGLIANG、HUIXIAN、JINGCHUAN、YUZHONG、JINGYUANDENG11XIANSHIWEIZHONGDIANFANGZHIQUYU。ZAIDANGSHIDEJISHUTIAOJIANXIA,FANGZHIDEBANFAYOULIANGZHONG: YISHIJIAONONGMIN“SHISHIWENTANGJINZHONGYUTANSUANTONGBANZHONG”,YISHIJISHURENYUANDAOTIANJIANDONGYUANNONGMIN“BASUIXUANZHONG,BASUIFANGZHISANHEISUI,XUANZHONGFANGZHIXINGHEISUI”(75)。PINGLIANGQIUJIZUOWUGAOLIANG、YANMAI、DAMAIDEZHUYAOBINGHAIWEIHEISUIBING,QICISHIGAOLIANGXUHEISUIBING,YUFANGHEISUIBING20WANMU,“YIBASUI、XUANZHONGWEIZHUYAOFANGZHIFANGFA”(76)。WEIFANGZHIXIAOMAIHEISUIBING,ZHANGYEZENGLIANGZHIDAOTUANXUANZE54HUNONGJIAZUOWEISHIFANHU,158MUSHIFANTIAN,TONGGUO“TANSUANTONGBANZHONG”DEFANGFAFANGZHIHEISUIBING,SHIYANDEJIEGUOSHIXIAOMAIFABINGLVJIANGDIDAO8.9%,BI1941NIANJIANSHAOJIN20%(77)。1942NIANJINGCHUANXIANFANGZHIBINGCHONGHAIQUDELERUXIACHENGXIAO: (1)BACHUDAMAIJIANHEISUI。4YUE,NONGYETUIGUANGRENYUANZAIJINGCHUANYIGEMIAOHUISHANGNAZHEDAMAIJIANHEISUIRANGGANMIAOHUIDENONGMINKAN,SHINONGMINZHIDAOSHENMESHIDAMAIJIANHEISUIJIQIWEIHAI。JINGGUOXUANCHUAN“NONGMINJUNNENGZIDONGQUBACHU,GONGFENSHAOLESANQIANYUSUI”。(2)FANGZHIXIAOMAIHANGANYING。5YUEZHONGXUN,GAIXIANRUANLINGXIANGFASHENGLEHANGANYING,NONGYETUIGUANGRENYUANQIANQUXUANCHUAN,DONGYUANBACHU500MU,FENHUI5WANZHU,SHIQIZAIHAICHENGDUJIANGDIDAO1%~2.5%。(3)FANGZHIWANDOUXIANGCHONG。(4)BACHUGAOLIANGHEISUI。BENNIANYUSHUIBUDIAO,JINGCHUANGAOLIANGHEISUIBINGDA6.6%~30%BUDENG,ZUIYANZHONGDEMEIMUYAOBACHU200YUZHU,CONG6YUEXIAXUNDAO7YUE,JISHURENYUANJIZHONGQUANBUJINGLIZHIDAONONGMINFANGZHIGAIBINGHAI(78)。LINTAOXIANYUJINGDENGXIANGZHEN98HUNONGJIADE2000YUMUMAITIAN,JINGFANGZHIHOU,MEIMUBIWANGNIANPINGJUNZENGSHOUXIAOMAI0.15~0.2DOU。LINGYOU55HUNONGJIADE110.5MUDAMAIFANGZHISHUHEISUI,MEIMUPINGJUNZENGSHOU0.17DOU(79)。JUTONGJI,1942NIANQUANSHENGFANGZHIMAIBING200WANMU,FANGZHIGAOLIANG、XIAOMI、MIZIDENGHEISUIBING84WANMU。NONGJIRENYUANZAIFANGZHIBINGCHONGHAIFANGMIANFAHUILEYINGYOUDEZUOYONG,BEINONGMINQINQIEDICHENGHUWEI“MAIBINGXIANSHENG”。NONGMINZANYANGTAMENSHUO: “MAIBINGXIANSHENGDAOZANJIA,BUXIYANLAIBUHECHA,XIATIANXUNZHEMAIHUISUI,KOUKOUSHENGSHENGHANZHEBA。”(80)

 

AG娱乐网《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》FABIAOYIXIEFANGZHINONGZUOWUBINGCHONGHAIDEZHISHI、JINGYANHEFANGFADEWENZHANG,PUJIFANGZHINONGZUOWUBINGCHONGHAIZHISHI。GAIKAN1942NIAN8YUECHUBANDEDI1JUANDI2QIFABIAOLE《ZUOWUHAICHONGZHIPUTONGFANGZHIFANGFA》,JIESHAOLE11ZHONGFANGFA: (1)BAOHUBINGLIYONGTIANDIQINSHAHAICHONG;(2)QINYUTIANJIANGENGCHU、CHUCAO、QINGJIE、DONGGENGDENG,SHIHAICHONGJIANSHAOQIANFUDEJIHUI;(3)GUANSHUIPAOTIANYINISITUZHONGHEZUOWUGENBUDEHAICHONG;(4)YINGYONGZHEBIFAYIGEJUEHAICHONGDEJUJI,RUZHITAO、LONGSHUGUOSHI,YIJIAOZHIWUTUZAISHUGANXIABUZUZHIHAICHONGPAPANDENG;(5)TUSHOUHUOLIYONGQIXIEPUDAHAICHONG;(6)XUNZHAOHAICHONGQUNJIDEDIFANGYONGHUOSHAOSHA;(7)ZAISHUGANZHOUWEIYONGCAOSHUYOUSHAYUEDONGDEHAICHONG,HUOGUACHUGUOSHUCULIEWAIPI,JIANSHAOHAICHONGYUEDONGQIANFUJIHUI;(8)LIYONGHAICHONGDEXIXING,FENBIESHIYIGUANG、SE、SHIWU、ZUOWU、QIWEIHUOSHENGYINYINYOUHAICHONG,YIPUSHAHAICHONG;(9)CAIYONGYAOJIPENSAYIZHIXIHUODUSHAHAICHONG;(10)LIYONGRIGUANGPUSHAISHOUHUOWU(RUCHULIANG),SHIQICHONGFENSHAIGAN,YIFANGCHONGQINRUHUOSHENGCHONG;(11)XIUJIANHELICANGKU,JINXINGKEXUEGUANLI,YIFANGCHAO、FANGRE、FANGHAICHONGHEFANGQUE、FANGSHUDENG(81)。YOUDEYIXINXIANGDEXINGSHIWENDA,RUDI1JUANDI2QIDE《DAFUYANGYUYIBINGFANGZHIFA》、《DAFUDOUXIANGFANGZHIFA》;DI1JUANDI5QIDE《XIAOMAIHUANGXIUBINGFANGZHIFA——DALINTAOSUNWEIJUN》、《LICHUNXIANGZHIFANGZHIFANGFA——DAJINGYUANZENGLIANGZHIDAOTUAN》DENG。ZHEIXIEDOUYOULIYUFANGZHINONGZUOWUBINGCHONGHAIZHISHIDEPUJI。

 

5.TUIGUANGFEILIAO

 

AG娱乐网NONGZUOWUSHENGZHANGSUOXUYAODEYANGFENDABUFENQUZHIYUTURANG,TURANGLIDEYANGFEN,ZUOWUZAIPEIYICIJIUHUIXIAOHAOYIBUFEN,DILIYESUIZHIJIANTUI。YINCI,RUHEHUIFUDILI,SHIJINXINGNONGYEZAISHENGCHANDEZHUYAOWENTI。CHUANTONGNONGYEJINGYINGZHE,HUIFUDILIDEFANGFAYOULIANGZHONG: YISHICAIQUXIUXIANBANFAYIHUIFUDILI,YISHIJITUDIBUCHONGFEILIAOYIZENGQIANGTUDISHENGCHANNENGLI。TUDILIYONGCHENGDU,CHULESHOUHUANJINGYINSUYINGXIANGWAI,FEILIAODEYINGYONGCHENGWEIZHUYAOYINSUZHIYI。

 

AG娱乐网GANSUCHUANTONGDEFEILIAOZHUYAOBAOKUOTUFEN、JIUFEI、RENFENBING、YOUZHA、MAOZHA、YEHUI(CAOMUHUI)DENG。MEINIANZAIPEINONGZUOWUMIANJI3937.9WANMU,BAOZHENGNONGZUOWUSHENGZHANGSUOXUYAODEFEILIAOSANYAOSUXUYAOLIANGSHI: DANFEI26 697.9WANJIN,LINFEI23 539.1WANJIN,JIAFEI26 170.7WANJIN,BENSHENGFEILIAOLAIYUANZHUYAOLAIZIYUFENBIANHEZHIWURUYOUCAIPO、YAMAPO、MIANZIPODENG,MEINIANKECHUCHANZHIFEILIAOSANYAOSULIANG,JISUOHANYOUSANYAOSUDECHENGFENTUISUANGUJI: YUEWEIDANSU(N)18 820WANJIN,LIN(P205)5540YUWANJIN,JIALI(K20)13 180WANJIN(82)。FEILIAOSHIJICHANLIANGYUNONGYESHENGCHANDEXUYAOLIANGXIANGBI,FEILIAOQUEKOUJIAODA,MEINIANQUEDANFEIWEI7880WANJIN,ZHANXUYAOLIANGDE29%;LINFEI17 990YUWANJIN,ZHANXUYAOLIANGDE76.4%;JIAFEI12 990YUWANJIN,ZHANXUYAOLIANGDE49.6%。YOUGUANYANJIUBIAOMING,GANSUNONGTIANMEIMUZUOWUJINYOUFEILIAO37.1JIN,GOUJINFEILIAOMEIMUJINYOU0.02YUAN,JINJIZHONGGUOBEIBUSHENGFENPINGJUNSHUDE1/5(83)。SHUOMINGFEILIAODEQUEKOUSHIFENJUDA,TOURUYEBUZU。

 

ZAOCHENGFEILIAOQUEFADEYUANYINZHUYAOZAIYULIANGGEFANGMIAN: YISHIRANLIAOQUEFA,DALIANGKEYIZUOFEILIAODEYUANLIAOYONGZUORANLIAO,DAOZHIFEILIAOJIANSHAO。RUGANSU“CHUSENLINDIQUWAI,PUBIANQUEFAXINTAN,RANLIAOBUZU,YOUJIADONGJIHANLENGDESHIJIANJIAOZHANG,RANLIAODEXUYAOJIADUO,YINCIFANKEYIZUORANLIAODE,JUNYONGZUORANLIAO,ZACAO、LUOYE、TIANHEHAOGAN,YIJIMA、LUO、LVDENGZHICHUFEN,DOUZUOZHUFAN、WEIKANGZHIYONG,ERDUOQUYOULIANGYOUJIFEILIAODELAIYUAN”(84)。YANGYANGDEDIFANG,YOUDALIANGDEYANGFEN,YANGMUFANGSHIKEGONGXUANZECHIDESICAOHENDUO,QIFENHANYOUFEILIAODEGEZHONGYUANSUHENDUO,SHIZHILIANGJIAOGAODENONGJIAFEI。DAN“ZAIRANLIAOSHENGANQUEFAZHINONGCUN,ZEYONGZUORANLIAO,YIBIANZHUFANHUOWEILUO[KANG]QUNUAN,SHIYONGCHUNCUIZHIYANGFENYUTIANJIANZHE,TONGCHANGSHENSHAO”(85)。RANLIAOQUEFA,SHINONGJIAJIANGDALIANGKEZUOFEILIAODEYUANLIAOYONGZUORANLIAO,DAOZHIFEILIAOJIANSHAO。ERSHINONGYEGENGZUODECUFANGJINGYING,SHINONGJIASHAOYOUZHUYIFEILIAOSHOUJIHECHUZANGDEXIGUAN。RUHEXINONGJIABUJIANGQIUJIUFEIDEZHUZANG,DUIFEIDELIYONG(86);YOUYUNONGJIABUZHIRUHELIYONG、SHIYONGHECHUZANGFEILIAO,YANZHONGDIYINGXIANGLETUDILIYONGHETUDISHENGCHANLI,ZHENGRUSHIRENSUOYAN: GANSU“KEKENERWEIKENZHIHUANGDI,QIWEIKAIKENLIYONG,QIYUANGUBUZHIYIDUAN,DANFEILIAOWENTI,KONGZHANDABUCHENGFEN。NONGJIAYIGENGZHIDI,CHANGYIFEILIAOBUZU,DILISHUAITUI,SHIXINGLUNLIUXIUXIAN,SHENHUOFANGQI,DUIYUTUDIMIANJIZHIBUNENGCHONGFENLIYONGERZENGJIASHENGCHAN,SHIDIJINQILI,SHIYINFEILIAOQUEFAZHISUOZHI”(87)。

 

KANGZHANSHIQI,WEILEZENGJIALIANGSHISHENGCHAN,ZHENGFUKAISHICHANGDAOHEZHIZAOFEILIAO,JINXINGFEILIAODETUIGUANGHESHIYONG。GANSUSHENGBANBUDE《GANSUSHENGGEXIANTUIGUANGDONGGENGSHISHIBANFACAOAN》ZHONGGUIDING: “FANDILIJIBO,FEILIAOQUEFA,XUYILVDUCHIZHONGZHILVFEI,DAITIKONGBAIXIUXIAN。”(88)GENJUYISHANGGUIDING,GEXIANNONGYETUIGUANGSUO“ZHIDAONONGJIA,ZIZHIDUIFEI,ZHONGZHILVFEI,GOUYONGKUBING、GUFEN,ZENGSHIFEILIAO,YIZENGJIASHILIANGSHENGCHAN”(89)。1942NIANPINGLIANGNONGYETUIGUANGSUOCENGSHIZHIGUFEN,YIBIANZAINONGJIATUIGUANG(90);HUIXIANNONGYETUIGUANGSUO“ZHIDAOLIYONGDAOTIANXIUXIANDI,ZHONGZHIMUXU、HEIWANDOU,BEIZUOLAINIANLVFEI”;YUZHONGTUIGUANGSUOZHIDAONONGMINZAI“DONGGENGZHIJI,JIANGBAYUEFENZHONGZHIZHIMUXUGENGFANTUNEI,YIZENGDILI”;ZHANGYETUIGUANGSUO“YUGEXIANGSHEZHILVFEITEYUENONGHUSHIHU,JINGCHANGZHIDAO,YIZITICHANG”(91)。1947NIAN,GAOLANDENG5GETUIGUANGSUOZHIDAONONGJIALIYONGZACAO、HEGANZHIZAODUIFEI4765DAN,YUEKESHI2500MUGENGDI;BINGHUADINGTIANSHUI、ZHANGYE、HUIXIANWEILVFEISHIFANTUIGUANGQU,3XIANCANJIASHIFANDENONGHUYOU39HU,ZHONGZHILVFEIZUOWU103MU(92)。

 

NONGLINBUZAITIANSHUIJINXINGDESHUITUBAOCHISHIYANZHONG,YEJINXINGLELVFEIDESHIYAN,QIFANGFASHI: “ZHONGZHILVFEIZAIXIAJIDUOYUJIJIE,KEZUODIMIANFUBEIWUYIJIANSHAOFENGYUZHIQINSHIERMIANSHUITULIUSHI,FANYAHOUKESHITURANGDUOKONGSONG,BINGYISHIYUSHUISHENTOURUTU。XIBEIYIDAIFEILIAOQUEFA,RUNENGGUANGZHONGLVFEIZUOWU,FEILIAOWENTIYIDEJIEJUE。BENXIANGSHIYAN,JIQIUDESHIYIYUTIANSHUIZHILVFEIZUOWU,YIZUOTUIGUANGZHIYONG”(93)。ZHEIXIANGSHIYANJIYOULIYUSHUITUBAOCHI,YOUKEYIZENGJIAFEILIAO。CONGSHANGSHUZILIAOLAIKAN,HUANGHESHANGYOUGEDINONGSHISHIYANCHANG、NONGYETUIGUANGSUODENGJIJICHANGDAOSHIZHIGEZHONGCHUANTONGFEILIAO,SHANGWUHUAXUEFEILIAODEYINJINHEZHIZAO。JISHICHUANTONGFEILIAO,DABUFENSHANGCHUYUTICHANGHETUIGUANGJIEDUAN,BINGMEIYOUWANQUANBEINONGJIASUOJIESHOU。YINCI,KANGZHANSHIQIGANSUSHENGDEFEILIAOTUIGUANG,ZHISHIYIGEKAIDUAN。

 

SAN NONGYEGAILIANGDEJIXIAOWENTI

 

NONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGDEZUIZHONGMUDESHIYAOZENGJIALIANGSHISHENGCHAN。YINCI,NONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGDEJIXIAORUHE,ZUIZHONGHAISHIYAOLUOSHIZAINONGYESHENGCHANDEFAZHANYUFOUWENTISHANG。KANGZHANSHIQIGANSULIANGSHISHENGCHANSHUIPINGRUHE?YUKANGZHANQIANXIANGBISHIZENGJIAHAISHIJIANSHAO?ZHEISHISIKAONONGYEGAILIANGJIXIAODEYIGEZHONGYAOYINSU。XIANKANBIAO6。

 

 

TONGGUOBIAO6ZHISHU1KANCHU,1930-1940NIANDAI,GANSULIANGSHISHENGCHANZONGLIANGCHAOGUOLEMINGUOCHUQI1916NIANDESHUIPING。ZHISHU2SHUOMING,1932NIANZHI1945NIANGANSUDELIANGSHICHANLIANGYOUZENGYOUJIAN,DANZONGQUSHICHENGSHANGSHENGZHUANGTAI,1938NIANYU1944NIANCHAOGUOLEKANGZHANQIANDEZONGCHANLIANG。1941NIANZHI1945NIANSHIBEIFANGFASHENGZAIHAIBIJIAOPINFANDESHIQI,RU1941NIANSHOUZAI47XIAN,1942NIANHE1943NIANSHOUZAIJUNWEI57XIAN(94),1945NIANGANSUZAICIFASHENGDAMIANJIHANZAI,“CHUNYUSHAOFENGDUO,DIGANQIZAO,WULIUYUEJIANXUYUZHISHI,JIUHANBUYU,YIZHIDABUFENNONGTIANHUOMIAOERBUXIU,HUOXIUERBUSHI,XIAHEKUGAO,QIUHESHIZHONG,QUANNIANHUANGHAN,CHIDIQIANLI”。QUANSHENGSHOUZAIFANWEIDA63XIAN(95)。1944NIANSHIGANSUFENGDIAOYUSHUNDEYINIAN(96),LIANGSHIZONGCHANLIANGDADAO2889.4WANSHI,CHENGWEIJINDAILIANGSHIZONGCHANLIANGZUIGAODENIANFEN。ERQITANIANFENDOUSHOUDAOHANZAIYINGXIANG,YOUQISHI1945NIAN,LIANGSHIYOUBIJIAODADEJIANCHAN,DANHAISHICHAOGUO20SHIJI30NIANDAIZAOQIDECHANLIANG。JIURENJUNLIANGSHICHANLIANGERYAN,1916NIAN,QUANSHENGLIANGSHIZONGCHANLIANG909.2WANSHI,MALINGSHU283.4WANDAN,GONGJI1192.6WANDAN,ZHEHEGONGJI133 315.3WANJIN(97)。YI1912NIANGANSU499WANRENKOUJISUAN(98),RENJUNLIANGSHICHANLIANGWEI267.2JIN。ZAI1938NIANDEDIAOCHAZHONG,RENJUNLIANGSHISHENGCHANLIANGWEI761.2JIN;ZAI1943NIANZHI1944NIANDIAOCHADELIANGSHIZONGLIANGZHONG,YI1944NIANGANSU655.4WANRENKOUJISUAN,RENJUNSHENGCHANLIANGSHI597.4JIN。YEJIUSHISHUO,1930NIANDAIZHIKANGZHANSHIQI,GANSULIANGSHIZONGCHANLIANGHERENJUNLIANGSHICHANLIANGYIYUANYUANCHAOGUOMINGUOCHUNIANDESHUIPING。KANGZHANSHIQI,GANSULIANGSHICHANLIANGZENGJIADEYINSUBIJIAODUO,DANZHISHAOYINGDANGCHENGREN,NONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGSHIQIYUANYINZHIYI(99)。

 

HUANGHEGUDIDETUDIHANJIANJIAODA,SHATIANGAILIANGHOU,SHIYIXIEBUMAOZHIDIBIANCHENGLIANGSHISHENGCHANDEFEIWOTUDI。QIXIAOGUOZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAILIANGGEFANGMIAN。DIYI,TUDIPUSHAHOU,TUDISHOUYIYOUSUOZENGJIA。JUYAN“SHATIANXUSHUILITEQIANG,DEYICIZUYULAINIANJIKEFENGSHOU”(100)。BIAO7SHIGANSUGEXIANSHIPUSHAZUOWUMIANJITONGJIBIAO。

 

 

AG娱乐网GENJU1942NIAN7YUEDIAOCHA,SHANGSHUDIQUXIAOMAICHANGNIANMUCHANLIANGSHI: GAOLANSHI1.02DAN,JINGYUANSHI1.59DAN,TAOSHASHI1.03DAN,LINTAOSHI0.97DAN,YONGDENGSHI1.22DAN,YUZHONGSHI0.7DAN,JINGTAISHI0.93DAN,YONGJINGSHI0.86DAN(101)。JINGGUOGAILIANGHOUDESHATIAN,MUCHANLIANGYOULEJIAODAFUDUDEZENGGAO,RUBIAO5TONGJIGEXIANSHATIANXIAOMAIMUCHANLIANGPINGJUNDA2DAN。SHUOMINGPUSHAHOUDESHATIANQUDELEHENHAODEJIXIAO。

 

DIER,DIJIAZENGJIA。SHATIANGAILIANGQIAN,YIXIELAOSHATIAN“JIWUSHENGCHANKEYAN,YUYUSHUIJIAODUONIANFEN,JINNENGCHANMIGUSIDOU,QIEWUDIJIA,YINCIZITIANFUGAIZHENGSHIWUHOU,FUSHUIFUDANYIZHONG,FUYOUGEZHONGTANPAI,YILVDUOYITUDIWEIBIAOZHUN,HANDIHUOLAOSHADISUOYOURENSHOURUBUDIZHICHU,ZHISHINONGMINWANGZHISHENGWEI,SHENQIERENQIHUANGWUHUOPAOQIQISUOYOUQUAN,YIBIFUYI”。JINGGUOGAILIANGHOU,QINGXINGFASHENGLEHENDADEBIANHUA,“NONGMINJIANGQITUDIPUSHAHOU,DUOBUYUANCHUMAI”,DIJIAYESUIZHIZENGZHANG,“GUJIZAILANZHOUFUJINZHE,MEIMUKEZHISANWANYUANZHISIWANYUAN,QITAGEQUYIZHIWANYUANYISHANG,RUYIPINGJUNERWANWUQIANYUANJI,DAIKUANPUSHATUDIZHIZONGJIAZHI,DANGZAIBAIYIYUANYISHANG”(102)。SHATIANGAILIANGHOU,DIJIADAZENG,NONGMINYOUYUANLAI“RENQIHUANGWUHUOPAOQIQISUOYOUQUAN”DAODIJIAHENGAOYE“BUYUANYICHUMAI”。KEJIAN,SHATIANJINGGUOGAILIANGHOUCHENGWEIBIJIAOHAODEGENGDI,BUJINDIJIAYOUSUOSHANGSHENG,LIANGSHIMUCHANLIANGYEYOULEHENDADETIGAO。

 

KANGZHANSHIQI,GANSUGEZHONGNONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGJINJINSHIYIGEQIBU,MEIYOUWANQUANZHANKAI,YINGXIANGLEGAILIANGDEJIXIAO。RUYINJINSHIHEGANSUZHONGZHIDEJINGYANG302XIAOMAI,ZAIKANGZHANSHIQIHEKANGZHANHOU,ZHISHILONGNANHELONGDONGDIQUXIAOMIANJIZHONGZHI,SHEJINONGHUZHIYOU1000YUJIA,TUIGUANGMIANJIZHIYOU5000YUSHIMU;MIANHUATUIGUANGZHONG,ZUIGAONIANFENNIANCHANMIANHUA6.7WANDAN,JINNENGMANZUQUANSHENGXUYAOLIANGDE12%;GANSUSHATIANMIANJI80YUWANMU,KANGZHANSHIQIGAILIANGMIANJIBUZU10WANMU,JINZHAN12.5%;FEILIAOTUIGUANGHEBINGCHONGHAIFANGZHIYECHUYUQIBUJIEDUAN。YINCI,KANGZHANSHIQIGANSUNONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGCUNZAIJIXIAOBUZUDEWENTI。

 

SHISHENMEYUANYINZAOCHENGKANGZHANSHIQIGANSUNONGYEJISHUGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGJIXIAOBUZU?GAIKUOQILAIBAOKUOSIGEFANGMIAN: (1)NONGYEGAILIANGSHIJIANDUAN。JINGUANCONGWANQINGYILAI,GANSUNONGYEGAILIANGGONGZUOYIJINGKAISHI,DANYIZHICHUYU“ZISHENGZIMIE”DEZHUANGTAI。ZHIDAOKANGZHANSHIQIJINRUXIANGCHIJIEDUANHOU,1941NIAN,ZHONGYANGZHENGFUWEILEBAXIBEIJIANCHENGJIANCHIZHANGQIKANGZHANDEHOUFANGJIDI,GEZHONGNONGYEGAILIANGCAITISHANGRICHENG,DAOKANGZHANJIESHU,DUANDUANSINIANSHIJIAN,YIXIEJISHUSHANGZAISHIYANJIEDUAN,WUFAQUANMIANTUIKAI。(2)NONGYEGAILIANGJINGFEITOURUBUZU。KANGZHANSHIQINONGYEGAILIANGZIJINZHUYAOLAIYUANYUGUOJIAYINXINGDENONGDAIHEZHENGFUDEBUTIE,YINTOURUBUZU,NANYIXINGCHENGDAGUIMODEJINGJIXIAOYI。RUSHATIANJISHUGAILIANG,YI1945NIANHUOBIZHIJISUAN,GAILIANG1MUSHATIANXUYAO1744YUAN(FABI),JIANGSHENGYUDE70WANMUSHATIANQUANBUGAILIANG,XUYAO122 080WANYUAN,DANGNIANYINXINGTOUZIJINYOU7691WANYUAN,JINZHANXUYAOLIANGDE6.3%。TOUZIBUZU,YINGXIANGLENONGYEGAILIANGDEXIAOYI。(3)NONGMINNONGYEJISHUZHISHIBUZU。NONGYEGAILIANGZHENDUINONGMINJINXING,ER“NONGMINDEZHISHISHUIZHUNDI,NAOJINJIANDANERGUZHI,YOUQIDUIYUNONGYE□DISHIJIQIANNIANLAIDECHUANTONGXIGUANFANGFA,RUGUOYOURENDUITAJINGYINGDENONGYEZHONGZI、JISHU、NONGJUYOUSUOGAIBIAN,TAYIDINGHUIJINGQIHUAIYIDEMUGUANG,HAOQIDEXINLIHEMIAOSHIDETAIDU”(103)。NONGMINDENONGYEZHISHIBORUO,ZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGYINGXIANGLENONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGDEJINXING。(4)BUFENDIFANGCUNZAINONGYETUIGUANGYUNONGDAILIANGGEXITONGPEIHEBUMOQI。1942NIAN10YUE,GAOLANLIANGSHIZENGCHANZHIDAOTUANYUWANGJIATAIDENG5JIAHEZUOSHESHANGYISHOUGOUXIAOMAIZHONG124.5SHI,NIDAIKUAN47 139YUAN,KEBOZHONGXIAOMAI853MU。DANNONGXINGYIHEZUOSHE“BAOZHENGZERENDAIKUAN,CHAOCHUBAOZHENGJINE”WEIYOU,BUYUFANGDAI(104),DAOZHISHOUGOUMAIZHONGGEQIAN,YINGXIANGLELAINIANXIAOMAITUIGUANGSHIYE。

 

ZONGZHI,KANGZHANSHIQIGUOMINZHENGFUZAI“AGYULEWANGKANGRIHOUFANGJIDI”HE“XIBEIKAIFA”DEKOUHAOXIA,GANSUSHENGSHELILENONGSHISHIYANCHANGHENONGYETUIGUANGSUO(ZHONGXIN),NONGLINBUZAIBENSHENGJIANLILETUIGUANGFANZHIZHAN,ZHONGYANGNONGLINSHIYANSUOZAITIANSHUISHELITUBAOCHISHIYANQU,XINGCHENGLEYISHENGNONGYEGAIJINSUOWEIZHONGXIN,NONGLINBUHEZHONGYANGNONGCHANCUJINWEIYUANHUIDUDAO,SHENGNONGYETUIGUANGWEIYUANHUILINGDAOHEXIANNONGYETUIGUANGSUO(ZHONGXIN)JUTIFUZE,ZHONGGUONONGMINYINXINGDENGTIGONGLEZIJINZHICHI,YOUNONGHUIHEHEZUOSHEYUNONGJIAXIANGLIANXI,JIANLILEBIJIAOWANSHANDENONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGXITONG。YINXINGZIBENCANYUQIZHONG,WEINONGYEGAILIANGTIGONGLEZIJINZHICHI。KANGZHANSHIQIGANSUDENONGYEGAILIANG,ZHUYAOSHIWEILEJIEJUEJUMINCHICHUANDEWENTI,ZHONGDIANZAIZENGJIALIANGSHICHANLIANGHEZHONGZHIMIANHUA,WEICIZAIXIAOMAIYOULIANGPINZHONGPEIYANG、SHATIAN、FEILIAOHEMIANHUATUIGUANGFANGMIANZHELIZUIDUO,BINGQUDELEYIDINGDECHENGJI。KANGZHANBAOFAHOU,ZHONGGUODABUFENDIQUZAODAOLERIKOUDEROULIN,“NONGCHANSHUAITUI,WEIZAIDAHOUFANGHEJIEFANGQU,POYOUFAZHAN”(105),ERKANGZHANSHIQIGANSUNONGYEFAZHANWEICITIGONGLEYIGEHENHAODELIZHENG。TONGGUONONGYEJISHUGAILIANGHETUIGUANG,CUJINLELIANGSHICHANLIANGDETIGAO,ZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGGAIBIANLEGANSUNONGYEPOBAIHENONGCUNDIAOBIDEXIANXIANG,ZHENGRUWEIHONGYUNXIANSHENGSUOYAN: “GANSUNONGYEJINGJIZAIZHANSHIDEFAZHAN,SHIYINRENZHUMUDE,TAZOUCHULEJIUYOUDEGUIDAO。”(106)JINGUANNONGYEGAILIANGYUTUIGUANGCUNZAIJIXIAOBUZUDEWENTI,DANBIJINGSHIGANSUNONGYE“ZOUCHULEJIUYOUDEGUIDAO”,KAISHILEYOUCHUANTONGNONGYEXIANGXIANDAINONGYEZHUANXING,ZHEISHIZHIDEKENDINGDE。JIUZHONGGUOJINGJIZHENGTIERYAN,KANGZHANSHIQIZHONGGUONONGYEJINGJIBIJIAOFADADEZHANGJIANGZHONGXIAYOU、HUABEIYUHUANGHUAIPINGYUANDIQUNONGYEFAZHANWANQUANCHUYUTINGZHIZHUANGTAI,ZHONGGUOJINGJIJUBUWEIJIAN,DANZAIGUOMINZHENGFUGEZHONGNONGYEZHENGCEYINGXIANGXIA,GANSUNONGYEHENONGCUNJINGJIYOULEYIDINGDEFAZHAN,SHUOMINGGUOMINZHENGFUBUFENSHIXIANLEDAHOUFANGJINGJIAGYULEWANGDEZHANLVEMUBIAO。

 

AG娱乐网【ZUOZHEJIANJIE】HUANGZHENGLIN,LISHIXUEBOSHI,SHANXISHIFANDAXUELISHIWENHUAXUEYUANJIAOSHOU

 

ZHUSHI:

 

①相关研究参看拙文《农贷与甘肃农村经济的复苏(1935-1945)》,《近代史研究》2012年第4期。

 

②如谢国兴在谈到安徽省从清末到抗战前的农业技术改良问题时指出: “皖省在清末至抗战前,先后设立过不少农事试验场,种类包括农、林、畜牧、垦殖,层级涵盖中央、省、县,部分不无成就,多数形式意义甚于实质贡献。”(谢国兴: 《中国现代化的区域研究: 安徽省,1860-1937》,台北中研院近代史研究AG娱乐网所1991年版,第323页)

 

③庄维民: 《近代山东农业科技的推广及其评价》,《近代史研究AG娱乐网》1993年第2期,第80页。

 

AG娱乐网④XUKAIXI、ZHANGPING: 《KANGZHANSHIQIHUBEIGUOTONGQUDENONGYEGAILIANGYUNONGCUNJINGJI》,《ZHONGGUONONGSHI》1994NIANDI3QI,DI71YE。

 

郑起东: 《抗战时期大后方的农业改良》,《古今农业》2006年第1期,第52~66页;吴伟荣: 《论抗战期间后方农业的发展》,《近代史研究AG娱乐网》1991年第1期,第221~243页;陆和健等: 《西部开发的先声: 抗战时期西部农业科技之推广》,《中国矿业大学学报》2005年第3期,第119~123页。

 

⑥LICONGMI: 《XIBEINONGYEGAIKUANG》,《XINXIBEIYUEKAN》DI4JUANDI5QI,1941NIAN7YUE15RI,DI29YE。

 

AG娱乐网⑦《NONGYEGAIJINSUOLIANGNIANLAIGONGZUOBAOGAO》,《GANSUAGYULEWANGNIANKAN》,1940NIANYINXING,DI93~95YE。

 

⑧JIANGJIE: 《YINIANLAIZHISHENGXIANNONGYETUIGUANG》,《NONGYETUIGUANGTONGXUN》DI6JUANDI1QI,1944NIAN1YUE,DI24YE。

 

⑨(12)LIULIQING: 《BANNIANLAIGANSUNONGTUIGONGZUOLVEYING(XIA)》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI2QI,1942NIAN8YUE,DI16、11~12YE。

 

AG娱乐网(10)LIULIQING: 《BANNIANLAIGANSUNONGTUIGONGZUOLVEYING(SHANG)》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》CHUANGKANHAO,1942NIAN7YUE,DI11YE。

 

AG娱乐网(11)《XIANNONGYETUIGUANGSUOZUZHIGUICHENG》,《NONGYETUIGUANGTONGXUN》DI7JUANDI2QI,1945NIAN2YUE,DI67YE。

 

AG娱乐网(13)HEJIAMI: 《SANNIANLAIZHIGESHENGTUIGUANGFANZHIZHAN》,《NONGYETUIGUANGTONGXUN》DI7JUANDI5QI,1945NIAN5YUE,DI44YE。

 

(14)RENCHENGTONG: 《HUANGHESHANGYOUTIANSHUISHUITUBAOCHISHIYANQUSANSHINIANDUGONGZUOJIHUADAGANG》,《NONGLINXINBAO》1941NIANDI10~12QIHEKAN,DI2YE。

 

AG娱乐网(15)GANSUTIANSHUINONGLINBUSHUITUBAOCHISHIYANQU: 《SANNIANLAIZHITIANSHUISHUITUBAOCHISHIYANQU》,1946NIAN2YUEYINXING,DI1~2、6YE。

 

AG娱乐网(16)FUHUANGUANG: 《FUHUANGUANGWENJI》,ZHONGGUOLINYECHUBANSHE2008NIANBAN,DI314YE。

 

AG娱乐网(17)YANGHONGWEI: 《1940NIANDAIDETIANSHUISHUITUBAOCHISHIYANQUSHULUN》,《SHUITUBAOCHIYANJIU》2010NIANDI6QI,DI278YE。

 

AG娱乐网(18)QIAOQIMING: 《NONGHUIYUNONGYETUIGUANG》,《NONGYETUIGUANGTONGXUN》DI1JUANDI4QI,1939NIAN4YUE,DI3YE。

 

(19)YANGQUTONG、WANGCHAOJUNDENG: 《ZHONGXIULINGTAIXIANZHI》JUAN3“FENGTUZHI·SHUZHENG·NONGLIN”,1935NIANQIANYINBEN。

 

(20)BAICEHOU、YUBINGYUAN: 《ZHANGYEXIANZHI·JIANZHIZHI·MINGUOXINJIANZHI》,1949NIANYOUYINBEN。

 

(21)GUOPU: 《TIANSHUINONGTUIGONGZUODE“XINGONGSHI”》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》CHUANGKANHAO,1942NIAN7YUE,DI13YE。

 

(22)黄正林: 《农贷与甘肃农村经济的复苏(1935-1945)》,《近代史研究》2012年第4期,第79页。

 

(23)GUOGUANG: 《ZHANGYENONGCUNGONGZUOZHILIANXI》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》CHUANGKANHAO,1942NIAN7YUE,DI14YE。

 

(24)ZHANGZONGHAN: 《GANSUZHONGBUZHISHATIAN》,ZHONGGUONONGMINYINXINGTUDIJINRONGCHU1947NIANBAN,DI33YE。

 

(25)《GEZHONGNONGDAIZANXINGZHUNZE》,《NONGYETUIGUANGTONGXUN》DI2JUANDI4QI,1940NIAN4YUE,DI45~47YE。

 

AG娱乐网(26)CHENGZHITIAN: 《GANSUNONGDAIZHIHUIGUYUQIANZHAN》,《ZHONGNONGYUEKAN》DI6JUANDI10QI,1945NIAN10YUE,DI33YE。

 

(27)ZHONGZHONGJIAONONGSIXINGLIANHEBANSHIZONGCHUMISHUCHU: 《SILIANZONGCHUSANSHIYINIANDUBANLINONGYEJINRONGBAOGAO》,CHUBANNIANBUXIANG,DI86~89YE。

 

(28)GUORONGSHENG: 《AGYULEWANGGUOJINNIANLAIZHINONGDAI》,《JINGJIHUIBAO》DI10JUANDI9QI,1944NIAN11YUE,DI83YEBIAO1。

 

AG娱乐网(29)ZHANGZONGHAN: 《GANSUZHONGBUZHISHATIAN》,DI35YE。

 

(30)NONGCUHUICHENGLIYU1938NIAN5YUE,SHIKANGZHANSHIQIGUOMINZHENGFUSHELIDENONGYEJINGJIJIGOU,ZHUYAOFUZETONGCHOUZHANSHINONGYETUIGUANGSHIYIHEBANGZHUHOUFANGGESHENGSHELINONGYETUIGUANGJIGOU,1939NIANCHUANGBANLE《NONGYETUIGUANGTONGXUN》。

 

AG娱乐网(31)BIANZHE: 《ZUIJINSIYUE》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》CHUANGKANHAO,1942NIAN7YUE,DI21YE。

 

AG娱乐网(32)《GANSUTIANSHUIQUSHUITUBAOCHIXIEJINHUIZUZHIZHANGCHENGCAOAN》,《NONGYETUIGUANGTONGXUN》DI3JUANDI3QI,1941NIAN3YUE,DI82YE。

 

AG娱乐网(33)《SANSHIYINIANDUTUIGUANGJIANDINGXIAOMAIPINZHONGZANXINGBANFA》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》CHUANGKANHAO,1942NIAN7YUE。

 

(34)NONGJIRENYUANZAIJINGCHUANJIANDINGYUXUANYUYOULIANGPINZHONGSHI,KAOLVLEDANGDIDILIHUANJINGYUJUMINSHENGHUO、SHENGCHANXIGUANDENGYINSU: YISHIDIXINGDIMAO,LAOJINMAISHIHEZAIYUANDIZHONGZHI,BAIMAISHIHECHUANDIZHONGZHI。ERSHISHENGHUOXIGUAN,BENDIJUMINCHIFANYIMIANSHIHEMANTOUWEIZHU,LAOJINMAISHIHEZUOMANTOU,BAIMAISHIHEZUOMIANTIAO。SANSHINONGZHI,ZAOSHU、WANSHUDOUXUYAOZHONGZHI,ZAOSHUXIAOMAISHIYIZHONGZHIZAIYUANDI、CHUANDI,JIKEBIMIANYUJIDEYINGXIANG,HAIKEZHONGZHIXIAOMIZI;WANSHUXIAOMAIZHONGZHIKEYIDIAOJIRENGONG,JIZAIXIAOMAISHOUGEJIJIE,BENDINONGMINZUCHENG“MAIKE”DAOSHANXIGUANZHONG“GANCHANG”,GUANZHONGXIAOMAISHOUGEHOU,ZHENGHAOBENDIXIAOMAIKEYISHOUGE。ZONGHELEZHEIXIEYINSUZHIHOU,JUEDINGXUANLAOJINMAIHEBAIMAIWEIBENDIYOULIANGPINZHONG(ZHANGQINGHAI: 《JINGCHUANNONGJIAXIAOMAIPINZHONGJIANDINGBAOGAO》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI2QI,1942NIAN8YUE,DI15YE)。

 

AG娱乐网(35)ZHANGYEZENGLIANGZHIDAOTUAN: 《ZHANGYEXIANXIAOMAIPINZHONGJIANDINGCHUBUBAOGAO》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI3QI,1942NIAN9YUE,DI11~12YE。

 

(36)WANGXINZHI: 《GANSULIANGSHICHANXIAOZHIYANJIU》,《LIANGZHENGJIKAN》1947NIANDI4QI,DI115YE。

 

(37)KUANGSHI: 《TUIGUANGHUODONGDIANDI》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI5QI,1942NIAN11YUE,DI13~14YE。

 

(38)GAOWENYAO: 《PINGLIANGNONGYETUIGUANGGONGZUODEKAIZHAN(XU)》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI2QI,1942NIAN8YUE,DI16YE。

 

(39)LUOXU、GUOSHIJIE: 《LONGDONGDONGXIAOMAIZHIJIANDINGYUTUIGUANG》,《NONGYETONGXUN》DI1JUANDI5QI,1947NIAN5YUE,DI23YE。

 

AG娱乐网(40)HOUTONGWEN: 《JINGYANGSAN○ERXIAOMAIZAIGANSUZHISHIYINGYUTUIGUANG》,《NONGYETONGXUN》DI1JUANDI2QI,1947NIAN2YUE,DI27YE。

 

AG娱乐网(41)(42)HOUTONGWEN: 《JINGYANGSAN○ERXIAOMAIZAIGANSUZHISHIYINGYUTUIGUANG》,《NONGYETONGXUN》DI1JUANDI2QI,1947NIAN2YUE,DI26~28、28~29YE。

 

AG娱乐网(43)HOUTONGWEN: 《JINGYANGSAN○ERXIAOMAIZAIGANSUZHISHIYINGYUTUIGUANG》,《NONGYETONGXUN》DI1JUANDI2QI,1947NIAN2YUE,DI30、26YE。

 

(44)LIUYUANJUN: 《GANSUSHENGZHIMIANTUIGUANGWENTIZHITANTAO》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI5QI,1942NIAN11YUE,DI3YE。

 

(45)CHENTONGZAI: 《LONGNANWUCHANZHILVE》,《XIBEILUNHENG》DI10JUANDI6QI,1942NIAN6YUE,DI20YE。

 

AG娱乐网(46)《NONGYEGAIJINSUOZHIMIANGONGZUOBAOGAO》(1939NIANDU),《GANSUAGYULEWANGNIANKAN》,1940NIANYINXING,DI106YE。

 

(47)《NONGYEGAIJINSUOZHIMIANTUIGUANGBAOGAO》(1940NIANDU),《GANSUAGYULEWANGNIANKAN》,1940NIANYINXING,DI112~113YE。

 

(48)TONGJIZU: 《GANSUGEXIANJUWUCHANCHUBUDIAOCHA》,《GANSUMAOYIJIKAN》DI5~6QIHEKAN,1943NIAN9YUE,DI35YE。

 

AG娱乐网(49)LIXIAOSU: 《GANSUMIANYEGAIKUANG》,《JINGJIHUIBAO》DI8JUANDI3QI,1943NIAN8YUE,DI88~89YE。

 

AG娱乐网(50)LIULIQING: 《BANNIANLAIGANSUNONGTUIGONGZUOLVEYING(SHANG)》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》CHUANGKANHAO,1942NIAN7YUE,DI11YE。

 

(51)NONGLINBUMIANCHANGAIJINZIXUNWEIYUANHUI: 《ZHONGGUOMIANCHANTONGJI》,1947NIANYINXING,DI15YE。

 

(52)YUQIBAO: 《HEXIZHIMIANKAOCHAJI(ER)》,《NONGYETUIGUANGTONGXUN》DI2JUANDI10QI,1940NIAN10YUE,DI20YE。

 

(53)TONGJIZU: 《GANSUGEXIANJUWUCHANCHUBUDIAOCHA》,《GANSUMAOYIJIKAN》DI5~6QIHEKAN,1943NIAN9YUE,FENBIEJIANDI30、23、85、92、39、90、47、63YE。

 

AG娱乐网(54)FANZHENXU: 《JINGYUANXIANXINZHI》DI4BIAN“NONGYELVE”。

 

AG娱乐网(55)WANGXINGRONG: 《GANSUDEMIANMASHENGCHAN》,《GANSUMAOYIJIKAN》DI5~6QIHEKAN,1943NIAN9YUE。

 

AG娱乐网(56)XUDAOFU: 《ZHONGGUOJINDAINONGYESHENGCHANJIMAOYITONGJIZILIAO》,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE1983NIANBAN,DI208YE。

 

(57)JUZHANGBODENGRENKAOZHENG,SHATIANQIYUANYUMINGCHAOZHONGQI,JUJINDAYUESIWUBAINIANDELISHI(ZHANGBO: 《BUKEZHAINONGSHIWENJI》,SHANXIRENMINCHUBANSHE1997NIANBAN,DI173YE)。YOUJUJIZAI,KANGXINIANJIAN,“GANSHENGDAHAN,CHIDIQIANLI,CAOMUJUKU,OUYOUTIANSHUZUOXUETUZHONG,DAICHUSHASHI,TANYUDIMIAN,ERCISHAZHISHANG,JINGYOULVSEZUOWUSHENGZHANG,YINQINONGMINZHIZHUYI,NAISHIWEIFANGXING,JINGYOUCHENGXIAO。SIFUJINGGAILIANG,SUIJIANCITUIGUANG”(ZHANGZONGHAN: 《GANSUZHONGBUZHISHATIAN》,DI9YE)。JINGUANSHUYUCHUANYAN,DANZIKANGXIYILAI,SHATIANZHUJIANCHENGWEIHUANGHESHANGYOUHEGUCONGSHIGANHANNONGYEGENGZUODEYIZHONGJISHU,SHIYIXIEBUMAOZHIDIKEYIKAIKENWEINONGTIAN,“LANZHOUBEISHANQINWANGCHUAN,XICHENGWUGUBUSHENGZHE,JINZECHANLIANGZUIDUO,SHENGHUIMINSHIQUJIYUCI”(ZUOZONGTANG: 《ZUOZONGTANGQUANJI·SHUXINSAN》DI12CE,YUELUSHUSHE1996NIANBAN,DI610YE)。TONGGUANGNIANJIAN,ZUOZONGTANGZHENYAHUIMINFANQINGDOUZHENGHOU,ZAIHUIFUHEZHONGJIANGANSUNONGCUNJINGJIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,TICHANGFANGZHAOLANZHOUBEISHANQINWANGCHUANFANGFATUIGUANGSHATIAN,“DAICHUXIEXIANGKUYIN,LINGMINHANDIPUSHA,GAILIANGTUDI。YUSHIGEDILIUXING,CHENGWEIGANSUTEYOUZHISHATIAN。SHENGXINGYUGAOLAN、JINGTAI、YONGJING、YONGDENG、TAOSHA、JINGYUANDENGXIAN。LIYONGHUANGTANPIRANG,PUSHAGENGZHONG。HUABUMAOZHIDI,CHENGWEILIANGTIAN”(QINHANCAI: 《ZUOWENXIANGGONGZAIXIBEI》,SHANGWUYINSHUGUAN1947NIANBAN,DI195YE)。

 

AG娱乐网(58)WEIBAOGUI: 《GANSUZHIJIANDIPUSHA》,《ZHONGNONGYUEKAN》DI4JUANDI2QI,1943NIAN2YUE,DI67YE。

 

(59)章元羲: 《陕甘青等省保水保土及水利视察报告》(1943年11月),油印本,藏中国历史第二档案馆,277/56/(2)。

 

AG娱乐网(60)LIQINGTANG: 《XIBEIDESHATIAN》,《SHUILIWEIYUANHUIJIKAN》DI3JUANDI2QI,1946NIAN6YUE30RI,DI56YE。

 

(61)WANGDAWEN: 《GANSUSHENGNONGCHANCHUMUGAIKUANG》,《GUOJIMAOYIDAOBAO》DI8JUANDI12HAO,1936NIAN12YUE15RI,DI165YE。ZHEIJUNONGYANHAIYOUYIZHONGSHUOFA: “FULAOSI,ZIBAOSI,SUNESI”,JISHATIANSHI“SHINIANJINGYING,SHINIANSHOUHUO,ZAISHINIANZEDILIJINYI”(FANYITANG: 《GANSUGENGTIANYUFEILIAODIAOCHA》,《XIBEILUNHENG》DI9JUANDI4QI,1941NIAN4YUE15RI,DI49YE)。

 

(62)SUNYOUNONG: 《GANSUSHATIANZHIYANJIU》,《ZHONGGUONONGMINYINXINGYUEKAN》DI1JUANDI2QI,1936NIAN2YUE。

 

(63)ZHANGZONGHAN: 《GANSUZHONGBUZHISHATIAN》,DI10YE。

 

(64)(66)TANGHUISUN、LEINAN、DONGHANRONG: 《GANSUSHENGNONGYEDIAOCHA》,《ZIYUANWEIYUANHUIJIKAN》DI2JUANDI2QI,1942NIAN6YUE,DI155、155YE。

 

(65)SUNYOUNONG: 《GANSUSHATIANZHIYANJIU》,《DIZHENGYUEKAN》DI4JUANDI1QI,1936NIAN1YUE,DI91YE。

 

(67)ZHANGHUAMIN: 《ERNIANLAIZHIGANSUTUDIJINRONGYEWU》,《GANSUDIZHENG》DI2JUAN,1944NIAN9YUE,DI19YE。

 

AG娱乐网(68)ZHANGZONGHAN: 《GANSUZHONGBUZHISHATIAN》,ZHONGGUONONGMINYINXINGTUDIJINRONGCHU1947NIANYINXING,DI33~40YE。

 

(69)LIQINGTANG: 《XIBEIDESHATIAN》,《SHUILIWEIYUANHUIJIKAN》DI3JUANDI2QI,1946NIAN6YUE30RI,DI55YE。

 

(70)LIMAO: 《LONGNANNONGZUOWUBINGCHONGHAIDIAOCHABAOGAO》(1940NIANDU),《GANSUAGYULEWANGNIANKAN》,1940NIANYINXING,DI118YE。

 

(71)LIULIQING: 《BANNIANLAIGANSUNONGTUIGONGZUOLVEYING(SHANG)》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》CHUANGKANHAO,1942NIAN7YUE,DI12YE。

 

(72)GUOHAIFENG: 《GANSUSHENGLIANGSHIZUOWUZHISIZHONGZHONGYAOHAICHONGJIQIFANGZHIFANGFA》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI3QI,1942NIAN9YUE,DI5YE。

 

(73)《NONGYEGAIJINSUOLONGNANZHIYABAOGAO》(1940NIANDU),《GANSUAGYULEWANGNIANKAN》,1940NIANYINXING,DI115~116YE。

 

(74)WANGXINZHI: 《GANSULIANGSHICHANXIAOZHIYANJIU》,《LIANGZHENGJIKAN》1947NIANDI4QI,DI117YE。

 

(75)LIULIQING: 《BANNIANLAIGANSUNONGTUIGONGZUOLVEYING(SHANG)》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》CHUANGKANHAO,1942NIAN7YUE,DI12YE。

 

(76)GAOWENYAO: 《PINGLIANGNONGYETUIGUANGGONGZUODEKAIZHAN》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI2QI,1942NIAN8YUE,DI9YE。

 

AG娱乐网(77)ZHANGYEZENGLIANGZHIDAOTUAN: 《TANSUANTONGFENBANZHONGXIAOGUOBAOGAO》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI4QI,1942NIAN10YUE。

 

(78)ZHANGQINGHAI: 《BANNIANLAIDEJINGCHUANNONGYETUIGUANG》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI4QI,1942NIAN10YUE,DI14~15YE。

 

AG娱乐网(79)KUANGSHI: 《NONGTUIHUODONGDIANDI》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI4QI,1942NIAN10YUE,DI15YE。

 

AG娱乐网(80)LIULIQING: 《BANNIANLAIGANSUNONGTUIGONGZUOLVEYING(SHANG)》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》CHUANGKANHAO,1942NIAN7YUE,DI12YE。

 

AG娱乐网(81)GUOHAIFENG: 《ZUOWUHAICHONGZHIPUTONGFANGZHIFANGFA》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI2QI,1942NIAN8YUE,DI7YE。

 

AG娱乐网(82)(84)HOUTONGWEN: 《GANSUNONGTIANFEILIAOGAIJINDESHANGQUE》,《XINGANSU》DI2JUANDI1QI,1947NIAN11YUE,DI48、52YE。

 

(83)LIZHONGSHU: 《GANSUNONGCUNJINGJIZHIYANJIU》,《XIBEIWENTILUNCONG》DI3JI,1943NIAN12YUE,DI33YE。

 

AG娱乐网(85)CHENXIPING: 《GANSUZHINONGYE》,《XIBEIWENTILUNCONG》DI3JI,1943NIAN12YUE,DI311YE。

 

(86)LIKUOQING: 《GANSUHEXINONGCUNJINGJIZHIYANJIU》,XIAOZHENGZHUBIAN: 《MINGUOERSHINIANDAIZHONGGUODALUTUDIWENTIZILIAO》,DI26430YE。

 

(87)HOUTONGWEN: 《GANSUNONGTIANFEILIAOGAIJINDESHANGQUE》,《XINGANSU》DI2JUANDI1QI,1947NIAN11YUE,DI47YE。

 

AG娱乐网(88)《GANSUSHENGGEXIANTUIGUANGDONGGENGSHISHIBANFACAOAN》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI5QI,1942NIAN11YUE,DI17YE。

 

AG娱乐网(89)LIZHONGSHU: 《GANSUNONGCUNJINGJIZHIYANJIU》,《XIBEIWENTILUNCONG》DI3JI]1943NIAN12YUE,DI101YE。

 

(90)GAOWENYAO: 《PINGLIANGNONGYETUIGUANGGONGZUODEKAIZHAN》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》CHUANGKANHAO,1942NIAN7YUE,DI14YE。

 

AG娱乐网(91)KUANGSHI: 《TUIGUANGHUODONGDIANDI》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI5QI,1942NIAN11YUE,DI13~14YE。

 

(92)ZHANGGUIHAI: 《YINIANLAIZHIGANSUNONGYEGAIJINGONGZUOSHUYAO》,《XINGANSU》DI2JUANDI2QI,1948NIAN4YUE,DI73YE。

 

AG娱乐网(93)GANSUTIANSHUINONGLINBUSHUITUBAOCHISHIYANQU: 《SANNIANLAIZHITIANSHUISHUITUBAOCHISHIYANQU》,1946NIAN2YUEYINXING,DI6YE。

 

AG娱乐网(94)GANSUSHENGZHENGFU: 《GANSUSHENGZHENGFUSANNIANLAIZHONGYAOGONGZUOBAOGAO》(1940NIAN12YUE6RI~1944NIAN4YUE15RI),1944NIAN5YUEYINXING,DI51YE。

 

(95)YUANLIN: 《XIBEIZAIHUANGSHI》,GANSURENMINCHUBANSHE1994NIANBAN,DI609~610YE。

 

(96)1944NIANZHIYOUSHAOBUFENXIANDEJUBUDIFANGZAOYUBAOZAI、SHUIZAI、CHONGZAI、HANZAI(JIANYUANLIN: 《XIBEIZAIHUANGSHI》,DI608~609YE),DUIQUANSHENGLIANGSHISHENGCHANYINGXIANGJIAOXIAO。

 

(97)SHISHIYUSHIJINZHIJIANHUANSUANGUANXISHI: SHUIDAO1SHI=108JIN;YUMI、XIAOMI、GAOLIANG、SHUZI、MIZI1SHI=150JIN;XIAOMAI、DAMAI1SHI=115JIN;DOULEI1SHI=154JIN(JIANXUDAOFU《ZHONGGUOJINDAINONGYESHENGCHANJIMAOYITONGJIZILIAO》,DI344YE),MALINGSHUANZHAO100JINWEI1SHIJISUAN。XIAWENJIN、SHIDEZHEHEDOUSHIANZHAOSHANGSHUJISUANFANGFAHUANSUANDE。

 

(98)HOUYANGFANG: 《ZHONGGUORENKOUSHI》DI6JUAN(1910-1953),FUDANDAXUECHUBANSHE2001NIANBAN,DI134YE。

 

(99)笔者认为抗战时期是近代甘肃农业发展最好的时期,发展的原因是多方面的,除了农业改良与推广因素外,还包括: (1)社会从动荡中稳定下来,即20世纪三四十年代没有发生大的社会动荡;(2)国民政府的农贷政策(见拙文《农贷与甘肃农村经济的复苏(1935-1945)》,《近代史研究》2012年第4期)等。

 

(100)章元羲: 《陕甘青等省保水保土及水利视察报告》(1943年11月),油印本,藏中国历史第二档案AG娱乐网馆,277/56/(2)。

 

AG娱乐网(101)GENJU《GANSUTONGJINIANJIAN》BIAO63《ZHUYAONONGZUOWUMIANJIYUCHANLIANGGUJI》ZHONGDEXIANGGUANSHUJUJISUAN,1946NIANYINXING,DI100~106YE。

 

AG娱乐网(102)ZHANGZONGHAN: 《GANSUZHONGBUZHISHATIAN》,DI36YE。

 

AG娱乐网(103)DONGHANRONG: 《NONGYETUIGUANGCHENGGONGDEDIYIGETIAOJIAN——REN》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI5QI,1942NIAN11YUE,DI15YE。

 

(104)KUANGSHI: 《TUIGUANGHUODONGDIANDI》,《GANSUNONGTUITONGXUN》DI1JUANDI5QI,1942NIAN11YUE,DI14YE。

 

(105)吴承明: 《中国近代农业生产力的考察》,《中国经济史AG娱乐网研究》1989年第2期,第73页。

 

(106)WEIHONGYUN: 《KANGRIZHANZHENGSHIQIZHONGGUOXIBEIDIQUDENONGYEKAIFA》,《SHIXUEYUEKAN》2001NIANDI1QI。




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