AG娱乐网

||||
今天是:
登录  注册  找回密码
繁体中文 | |   

此页面上的内容需要较新版本的 Adobe Flash Player。

您现在的位置: AG娱乐网 >>专题研究>>经济史>>正文内容
经济史 【字体:

AG娱乐网ZHANGXIAOLING: KANGZHANSHIQIJINSUIBIANQUDEJISHIMAOYI

作者: 文章来源:AG娱乐网

ZHAIYAO: KANGZHANSHIQISHIJINSUIBIANQUJISHIDEYIGEZHONGYAOFAZHANSHIQI。ZHEIYISHIQI,BIANQUJISHISHULIANGBUDUANZENGJIA,SHANGPINZHONGLEIRIYIFENGFU,JIAOTONGRIQUBIANLI,ZHUJIANXINGCHENGLEYIDINGCHENGDUDEQUYUXINGJISHIWANGLUO。ZHEIDEYIYUBIANQUZHENGFUTUIDONGJISHIMAOYIFAZHANDEYIXILIEZHIDUANPAI。JISHIMAOYIZAIBIANQUJINGJIYUNXINGZHONGFAHUILECHENGJIESHENGCHAN、QIDONGXIAOFEI、DIAOJIEGONGXU、PINGYIWUJIADEZHONGYAOGONGNENG,CONGDUOFANGMIANMANZUZHEQUNZHONGDEXUQIU,TIGAOLEBIANQUJINGJIYUNXINGDEXIAOLV。BIANQUJISHIMAOYIYICUNZAIJISHIFENBUBUPINGHENG、SHANGPINJIEGOUDANYIJIGUANLIJIAOHUNLUANDENGWENTI。MIANDUIWENTI,BIANQUZHENGFUJISHIPILUBINGJIJIJIEJUE。JISHIMAOYIDEFAZHANBUJINZAILIUTONGFANGMIANWEIKANGZHANSHENGLIDIANDINGLEJIAOWEIJIANSHIDEJICHU,YIFANYINGCHUZHONGGONGZAIXINJINGJIXINGTAIXIADUISHIXIANNONGCUNJINGJIXIANDAIHUADETANSUO。

 

AG娱乐网GUANJIANCI: JINSUIBIANQU JISHI FAZHAN

 

关于集市贸易,目前已有较多研究成果。其中,关于江南、长江中上游地区、珠江三角洲流域及华北地区的集镇研究较为丰富。①近年来,也有学者就较为薄弱的山西市镇进行了专题研究。②但就山西市镇已有研究来看,学者论述的重点较多集中在明清或近代,较少论及抗战时期根据地的集市。③发展集市贸易不仅是抗战时期根据地经济AG娱乐网的重要内容,亦是中共在新经济形态下探索实现农村经济现代化的路径之一。1940年晋西北行政公署成立后,晋绥边区集市贸易得以恢复和发展,集市、商号不断增加,商品种类日益丰富,交通日渐方便,区域性集市网络逐渐形成。然而,目前关于晋绥边区集市贸易尚未有专题研究。④笔者拟梳理相关资料,对该问题作一探讨,希冀丰富市镇研究及抗日根据地经济史研究。

 

AG娱乐网YI、BIANQUZHENGFUJIANLIHOUJISHIDEFAZHANGAIKUANG

 

JISHISHIZHIDINGQIJUJIJINXINGSHANGPINJIAOYIDEHUODONGXINGSHI。SHANXIGEDIDOUYOUCHUANTONGDEGUDINGGANJIRIQI,DAOQIRENMENHUIBUYUEERTONGCONGGEDIGANLAI,CHENG“GANJI”。GANJIDIDIANYIBANZAIXIANCHENGHUOJIAODADEXIANGZHEN。GANJISHIJIANYOUDEDIFANGNONGLIFENGSAN、LIU、JIUYOUJI,YOUDEFENGYI、SI、QIYOUJI,YOUDEFENGER、WU、BAYOUJI。PINGCHANGJISHISHANGGEDIANPUJUNKAIMENYINGYE,DANGOUMAIZHEBUDUO。MEIFENGJIRI,RENSHUJIAODUO。JISHIYOUDINGQI、BUDINGQIHEMIAOHUIDENGDUOZHONGXINGSHI。YINCI,JISHIMAOYITONGCHANGJUYOUZHOUQIXING、LIUDONGXINGHEJIJUXINGTEZHENG。

 

AG娱乐网KANGZHANCHUQI,BIANQUXUDUOJISHIZAOSHOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEPOHUAI。XINZHENGQUANCHENGLIHOUBUJIU,GEDIMAOYIZUZHIZHUBUJIANLIQILAI。ER、SAN、SI、WU、LIU、BAFENQUDOUJIANLILEMAOYIFENJU,QIKOUYETESHEMAOYIJUYICHU。XINGXIANDENGDIDOUSHELIQIMAOYIZHIJU。GEFENZHIJUDOUZENGBOLEXIANGDANGSHULIANGDEZIBEN,YEYOUZHUYAODEGANBU。⑤RU1943NIAN8YUE,LINXIANSHANGYEMAOYIYIJIBENHUIFU,YOUGELEISHANGJIA383JIA,QIZHONGTUBUYEZHAN55JIA,CHOUHUOZAISHIMIANYIJUEJI。⑥1941NIANSHI,BIANQUJISHIZHUJIANHUOYUE。SHULIANGKAISHIZENGJIA。GEDIMAOYIZHUYAOTONGGUOJISHIJINXING。1941NIAN12YUEBIANQU9XIANGONGYOUJISHI33CHU(JIANBIAO1)。

 

 

AG娱乐网YOUBIAO1BUNANKANCHU,XINGXIANJISHIZUIDUO,YOU8CHU;LINXIANCIZHI,YOU6CHU;LINNANYOU5CHU。9XIANXIANJUNJISHI3.7CHU。CHUXIANCHENGJIWAI,XIANJUNCUNZHENJISHI3.1CHU。JUTONGJI,TONGZHINIANJIANHEQUJISHISHUWEI3GE,GUANGXUNIANJIANBAODEJISHISHUWEI2GE,MINGUOSHIQILINXIANJISHISHUWEI11GE,GUANGXUNIANJIANXINGXIANCHUXIANCHENGJIWAIDEJISHISHUWEI3GE。JINXIBEI(BAOKUOXINGXIAN、HEQU、BAODE、LANXIAN、KELAN)5XIANCHUXIANCHENGWAIXIANJUNCUNZHENJISHIWEI2GE。⑦XIANRAN,KANGZHANCHUQICHUYUXIAOTIAOZHUANGTAIDEJISHI,SUIZHEXINZHENGQUANDECHENGLIZHUJIANFUSU,ZAIBIANQUZHENGFUJIANLIYINIANHOUYIJIBENHUIFUDAOSHENZHICHAOGUOQINGMODAOMINGUOQIANQISHUIPING。⑧BIANQUJISHIGUIMOJIAODADESHILINXIAN,MEIJIKESHANG3000REN,YINGYEEYOUNONGBI10WANYUAN,YINGLI16000YUAN。HEQUCHENGGUAN、XUNZHEN、BAODEDONGGUAN、XINGXIANCHENGGUAN、QIKOU、JINGLELOUFANWEISHANGYEBIJIAOFANSHENGDE7GESHIZHEN。JUZILIAOXIANSHI,1941NIANZHEI7GESHIZHENSHANGDESHANGDIANGONG1051JIA,JINGYINGFANWEIYOUBUPIXING、YANGHUOXING、SHENHUOXING、LIANGDIANXING、YAOPU、GUOZAIXING、DIANXING、ZHIXING、SHANHUOXING、FANPU、JIUGUAN、MOBING、DOUFU、MIANPU、ZAOTANG、LIFA、TANFANDENG。⑨QIZHONG,JINGYINGSHENHUOYEDEZUIDUO,YOU183JIA。SHANGYEZIBENYEYISHENHUOYEZUIDUO。CANYUJISHIMAOYIDESHANGRENXINGZHIJIAOWEIFUZA,DANDATIKEFENWEIGONGSHANGHESISHANGLIANGLEI。QIZHONG,GONGSHANGDEJINGJISHILIHENRUO,ZHIZHANBIANQUSHANGYEZONGSHUDEYUE7%,SISHANGZEZHAN93%。⑩SISHANGZHUYAOWEIXIAOTANFAN。JINGYINGFANGSHIZHANMENMIANDEJIAOSHAO,BAITANZIDEJIAODUO。YOUDEZHANJIEWEISHI、ZHANLUWEICHANG,YIBANWUSHICHANGSHESHI。YOUJIQUJISHIFENBUJISHAO,DADUOMEIYOUSHANGDIAN,JIANTIAOXIAOFANSHIZHUYAOXINGSHI。

 

GENJUSHANGSHUNEIRONG,AGYULEWANGZUO1941NIANJINSUIBIANQUYIHUIFUHUOXINJIANJISHIDEZHONGYAOSHANGYECHENGZHENSHIYITURUXIA。

 

BUNANKANCHU,ZAIXUXIANYUHUANGHEBAOWEIDEQUYUNEI,GEDICHENGDUBUTONGDIBEISHUMIBUDENGDEJISHIWANGLUOSUOFUGAI。ERXUXIANWAIQUYUJISHIZEJIAOSHAO,SHENZHIMEIYOU。BIANQUJISHIJIBENANZHAOXINGZHENGQUHUAFENBU,BINGJIANGUQITAXIANGZHENZAISHANGYEHESHANGLUSHANGDEZHONGYAOXING。YIXIANCHENGHERUOGANXIANGZHENWEIZHONGXINDIBINGXIANGWAIFUSHE,GOUCHENGLEBIANQUJISHISHICHANGTIXI。GENJUZHONGXINDILILUN,ZHONGXINDIAGYULEWANGMIANJIWEILIUBIANXING,GEBIEDIQUHUISHOUDAODIXINGDIMAODENIUQU。ZHEISUISHIYILILUNGAINIAN,DANYIXINGXIAN、LINXIAN、LINNANDENGXIANCHENGJIQIZHOUBIANGEXIANGZHENWEIZHONGXINDIDEJISHI,JIBENKEYIBAZHEIYIQUYUXIANGLINJISHIDEBIANJIEJIEHEQILAI,QIEBUTAIXIANGHUZHONGDIE,CONGERMANZUQUYUNEIQUNZHONGXUQIU。DATILAIKAN,ZAIJISHIFENBUXIANGDUIMIJIDEXINGXIAN、LINXIAN、LINNANDENGDI,JIHUMEIGESHIZHENZHOUWEIDOUCHABUDUOYOU5~6GEXIANGLINJISHI,XINGCHENGYIGELIUBIANXINGJISHIQUYU。

 

AG娱乐网CONGJISHIKONGJIANFENBUMIDULAIKAN,1941NIANGAI9XIANJISHIPINGJUNMEIJIFUGAIMIANJIYUE440.3K4YC15.jpg,JIAOYIBANJINGWEI11.8km(JIANBIAO2)。JUTONGJI,1912-1937NIAN,SHANXIJISHIPINGJUNMEIJIFUGAIMIANJIWEI193.59K4YC15.jpg,JIAOYIBANJINGWEI7.8km。(11)QINGDAIZHONGYEQUANGUOJISHIPINGJUNMEIJIJIAOYIMIANJIWEI60~90K4YC15.jpg,SHANQUWEI100K4YC15.jpgYISHANG;JIAOYIBANJINGPINGJUNWEI4~6km,SHANQUWEI5~7km。(12)KEJIAN,KANGZHANSHIQIBIANQUJISHIDEKONGJIANFENBUMIDUBUJINDIYUKANGZHANQIANSHANXIDEPINGJUNSHUIPING,YIDIYUQINGDAIZHONGYEQUANGUOPINGJUNSHUIPINGYUQUANGUOSHANQUPINGJUNSHUIPING。ZAOCHENGBIANQUJISHIKONGJIANFENBUMIDUJIAODIDEYUANYINSHIDUOFANGMIANDE。QIZHONGZHANZHENGSHIZUIZHONGYAOYUANYIN。TICHUZHEIYITESHUYINSU,RENKOUMIDU、ZIRANHUANJING、JINGJIFAZHANSHUIPINGDOUSHIYINGXIANGJISHIFENBUMIDUDEZHONGYAOYINSU。BIANQUWEIYUSHANXISHENGXIBEIBUHESUIYUANSHENGNANBU,SHUYUSHANYUEDIDAI。ZAIZHEIZHONGSHANQUMIANJIDA、RENKOUMIDUXIAO、JINGJIWENHUAJIQILUOHOUDEDIQU,YIGEJISHIFUGAIDEMIANJISHIBIJIAOGUANG。YINWEIZHIYOUYIDINGSHULIANGDERENKOUHEYIDINGDEJIAOYIGUIMOCAINENGWEICHIYIGEJISHI。LINGWAI,YIDINGSHULIANGDEGENGDIYISHIWEICHIYIGEJISHIDEJIBENTIAOJIANZHIYI,YINWEINONGMINZHIYOUSHENGYUNONGCHANPINCAIHUIQUJISHIJIAOYI。BIANQURENJUNGENGDISUIRANJUEDUILIANGBUXIAO,DANDABUFENZIRANHUANJINGELIE,CHUYU“SHINIANJIUBUSHOU”DEJINGKUANG,TUDISHOUYIFEICHANGDI。ZHEIXIEDOUDAOZHIBIANQUJISHIMIDUJIAODI。

 

JISHIKONGJIANFENBUMIDUJUTIDAOGEXIANQUYOUYOUCHAYI。LINNAN、FANGSHAN、LISHI、HEQUDENGXIANDEJISHIKONGJIANFENBUMIDUGAOYUQITAJIXIAN,YIGAOYUKANGZHANQIANSHANXIPINGJUNSHUIPING。XINGXIANZUOWEIZHISHUXIAN,SUIRANJISHISHULIANGZUIDUO,DANKONGJIANFENBUMIDUBINGBUGAO。ZAIGEXIANZHONG,LINNANRENKOUMIDUZUIGAO,DAMEIPINGFANGGONGLI711REN,XUQIUZONGLIANGJIAODA,GUERJISHIMIDUJIAOGAO;LISHI、FANGSHAN、HEQUDERENKOUMIDUJUNZAIMEIPINGFANGGONGLI100RENYISHANG,JISHIMIDUYIJIAOQITAXIANFENGAO。KELANRENKOUMIDUJINSHUSHIREN,RENKOUXUQIUYOUXIAN,GUERJISHIMIDUDADADIYUQITAGEXIAN。LINXIAN、JINGLE、BAODE、XINGXIANRENKOUMIDUJUNJIAODI,MEIPINGFANGGONGLIBUZU50REN,DANYOUYULINXIAN、XINGXIAN、BAODERENJUNGENGDIJIAOJINGLEGAO,GAISANXIANJISHIMIDUYIGAOYUJINGLE。KEYIFAXIAN,ZAIZIRANHUANJING、TUDISHOUYILV、JINGJIFAZHANSHUIPINGDATIYIZHIDEBIANQUGEXIAN,RENKOUMIDUCHENGWEIYINGXIANGJISHIMIDUDEGUANJIANYINSU,RENKOUMIDUYUJISHIFENBUMIDUCHENGZHENGBI。

 

 

AG娱乐网ZHU: ◎BIAOSHIXIAN、SHI,XIANMINGPANGBIANKUOHUBIAOZHUBIAOSHIXIANCHENGNEIDEJISHIMING。○BIAOSHIYOUJISHIDEXIANG、ZHEN、CUN。☆WEIJINXIBEIXINGZHENGGONGSHUSUOZAIDI。

 

AG娱乐网XISHIXIANYUHUANGHEBAOWEIDEQUYUWEIJISHIMIJIQU,XISHIXIANWAIQUYUWEIJISHIJIAOSHAOHUOWUJISHIQU。XUXIANBIAOSHIDESHILIANJIEJISHIDEDAOLU。

 

 

1941NIANHOU,JISHIJINYIBUFAZHAN。ZHI1944NIAN,SHENFUZENGSHE5CHUJISHI;SANFENQU(13)ZENGSHE7CHU;BAFENQU(14)ZHENGSHICHENGWEIJISHIDEYOU7CHU;ERFENQU(15)BAOCHI1941NIANZHUANGTAI;LIUFENQU(16)RENGMEIYOU;SAIBEI(17)YIMEIYOUDINGQIDEJISHI。(18)XIANRAN,JISHIDEFENBU,NEIDIQUYIZHISHUXIAN、(19)SANFENQUJIAOHAO;YOUJIQUYIBAFENQUZUIHAO。ZHEIXIEDIQUDEJISHI,QUNZHONGJIBENKEDANGTIANWANGFAN。DANYOUXIEDIQUDEQUNZHONGLIJISHIHAIYUAN,JISHICISHUYESHAO。RUKELANSHUIYUGUANFUJINZHOUWEI90LIMEIYOUJISHI,NONGMINDAOCHENGGANJIYICIWANGFANXUSAN、SITIANGONGFU。ZAIYOUJIQU,SAIBEI、LIUFENQUDEJISHIZUISHAO,QUNZHONGBUDEBUYILAIDIQUSHICHANG。RUXINZHOUQICUNSHIDIRENJUDIANSUOZAIDI,DANQIJISHIDEFANRONGWANQUANYILAIYUGENJUDINONGMIN:

 

AG娱乐网QICUNCHUSHOUDEHUANGYOU,SHICONGAGYULEWANGQUKELANNONGMINSHOULIJIANJIAMAIQUDE,ERAGYULEWANGXINZHOUNONGMINFANERZAICONGQICUNGAOJIAMAICHULAI。(20)

 

XIANERYIJIAN,BIANQUJISHISUIRANDEYIFUSUHEFAZHAN,DANZAIGEDIFAZHANBINGBUPINGHENG,FENBUYIBUJUNYUN。ZAIYIYOUJISHIZHONG,SUICHUXIANYIXIESHIMIANFANRONGDEJISHI,DANDUOSHUWEIJICENGJIZHEN,XIAOTANFANJUDUO,HENSHAOYOUDAZONGSHANGPINDEJIZHONGJIAOYI。JIUZHENGTIERYAN,BIANQUJISHISHIFENSANDE;JIUGEBIEERYAN,YOUTIXIANXIANGDUIMIJIDETEZHENG。

 

ER、BIANQUZHENGFUFAZHANJISHIMAOYIDECUOSHI

 

BIANQUJISHIMAOYIDEFUSUHEFAZHAN,SHIZHONGGONGZAIBIANQUJIANXINGXINMINZHUZHUYIJINGJIZHENGCE,TANSUOZHONGGUONONGCUNJINGJIXIANDAIHUAFAZHANDAOLUDEJIEGUO。BIANQUZHENGFUFAZHANJISHIMAOYIDECUOSHIZHUYAOYOUYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN。

 

1.DALIFAZHANJISHI

 

KANGZHANSHIQI,WUZILIUDONGBUCHANG。WEIDIAOJINEIDIWUZI,GAOHUOSHICHANG,BIANQUZHENGFUDALIHUIFUHEFAZHANSHANGYEMAOYI。JIJIGUIHUAJIANLIJISHI。1941NIANBIANQUZHENGFUZHISHI,GEXIANXUANZEZHONGXINSHIZHENCHENGLIJISHIYIFANRONGSHICHANG。(21)1944NIANZAICIZHISHI,XUYAOJIANLIJISHIDEDIFANGKESHEFAJIANLI;GUOQUYOUJISHIDEDIFANGYINGHUIFUQILAI。(22)JIEHEKOUJISHIDEJIANLISHIBIJIAOCHENGGONGDEANLI。JIEHEKOUJULANXIAN80LI,JUKELAN、XINGXIANGE60LI,SHIXINGXIANDAOKELAN、LANXIANDEBIJINGZHIDI。ZHANQIANCENGLIANGCIJIANJISHIBAI。ZAIBIANQUZHENGFUDEGUIHUAHEZHIDAOXIA,JIEHEKOUJISHIYU1944NIANZHONGJIAN。JISHIJIANLIHOU,SHIMIANHENFANRONG。YOULUOMADIAN7JIA,XIAOSHANGPU26JIA,MEIJIBAICHUDEXIAOTANFANYOU50DUOJIA,GANJIDERENMENYIBANYOULIUQIBAIREN,ZUIRENAOSHIKEDAQIANRENSHANGXIA。PINGJUNMEIJIYOU30DUOSHILIANGSHISHANGSHI,KEZUOWULIUSHIWANYUANDEMAIMAI。(23)ERJIANJIQIAN,FUJINQUNZHONGDAOXINGXIANHUOKELANXIANCHENGGANJIWANGFANFEISAN、SITIANGONGFU,WUGONGHENDUO。(24)

 

TONGSHI,BIANQUZHENGFUHAIYOUJIHUADIZAIYOUJIQUJIANLIJISHI。BIANQUXINGSHUCENGZHISHIYOUJIQUYINGSHEFADUOSHEXIAOXINGSHANGDIANHUOYOUJISHANGDIAN,BINGJIANLIJISHI。RULIUZHIJUZAISONGJIAGOUCHENGLUOMADAHUIHOUHUIFULEJISHI。BAFENQUZAI××ZHUANG、××CUNGEJIANJISHI1GE。(25)LISHILIBINGTINGYIJIANTIAOXIAOFANXINGSHIJIANLILEYOUJIJISHI。(26)YOUJIQUJIANJIBUJINNENGMANZUYOUJIQUNONGMINXUYAO,HAINENGSHIQICHENGWEIDUIDIDOUZHENGDEJINGJIZHIDIAN。

 

2.SHIXINGZIYOUMAOYI

 

WEIFANRONGJISHIMAOYI,BIANQUSHIXINGNEIDIMAOYIZIYOUDEZHENGCE,BINGBANBURENQUANBAOZHANGTIAOLI,JIZIYOUMAOYIYIQUESHIBAOZHENG。1941NIAN,BIANQUZHENGFUGUIDINGZAIKANGRIGENJUDIYUNXUSHANGYEZIYOU,YIQIEZHENGDANGYINGYEDOUYINGDEDAOKANGRIZHENGQUANHEBUDUIDEBAOHU。WEICI,BIANQUZHENGFUZAIGENJUDITONGYIDULIANGHENG。CHUZHENGSHOUZHENGCHANGSHUIWAI,YANJINRENHEJIGUANBUDUIFANGHAISHANGYEZIYOU。(27)

 

1944NIANCHUN,XINGXIAN、SHENFUCHUXIANJINZHILIANGSHIFANDAOLINXIAN、LISHIDEXIANXIANG。ZHENGFUDUIZHEIZHONGXIANZHIZIYOUMAOYIDEZUOFAJINXINGLEYANLIPIPING,ZHICHUNEIDIMAOYIZIYOUDEZHENGCEBIXUJIANJUEGUANCHEZHIXING。(28)ZIYOUMAOYIYUANZEBUJINBAOZHENGLEWUZILIUTONGCHANGXING,ERQIETUIDONGLEJISHIMAOYIDEFANRONG。

 

3.GULISIYINGSHANGYEFAZHAN

 

BIANQUZHENGFUGULIHETICHANGSIYINGSHANGYEFAZHAN。YIWANGDUIYUSIYINGSHANGYEYOUDAJIXIANZHIDEQINGXIANG,SHENZHIZAIGANQINGSHANGYANESISHANG,DAOZHISHICHANGSHANGZHIYOUMAOYIJIGUANHEGONGSHANGGUJUNFENZHAN。BIANQUZHENGFUJIJIJIANGSIYINGSHANGYENARUGENJUDIJINGJIAGYULEWANGTIXI。1941NIAN,《KANGZHANRIBAO》SHELUNTICHUYAOGULISIYINGSHANGYEZHIDAFAZHAN,ERBUSHIDAJIXIANZHI,GENGBUYINGXIAOMIE,GULIDUOZHONGJINGJICHENGFENGONGTONGFAZHAN。(29)1942NIAN,JINXIBEIXINGSHUZHICHUYINGTUANJIEZHONGXIAOSHANGREN,JIYI“SHIHUI”。RUERFENJULIANJIAGONGJIZHONGXIAOSHANGRENSHIYANMEIRIYUE300YUJIN。LISHIXIANZHENGFUJIANGMEISHOUDEXIANG,LIANJIAGONGJILEXIAOSHANGREN。WUFENJUTOUZIJIXIAOSHANGFAN935YUAN。(30)1944NIAN,XINGSHUZHICHUDUIYUSISHANGBUDANBUYINGGAIXIANZHIQIFAZHAN,ERQIEYINGGAIBANGZHUQIZHENGCHANGFAZHAN,SHIQIZHENGDANGDIZHUANQIAN。(31)1945NIAN4YUE,XINGSHUZAICIZHICHUSISHANGSHIMAOYIGONGZUODEQUNZHONGZHIYI。TEBIEZHICHUJIANTIAOXIAOFANSHISHENRUNONGCUNDEQIAOLIANG。(32)

 

4.FUZHIHEZUOSHE

 

BIANQUZHENGFUJIJIFUZHIHEZUOSHEYIFAZHANSHANGYE、FANRONGJISHI。HEZUOSHESHIJISHIMAOYIDEJICHU,NENGZAIJISHISHANGGUDINGDEFAHUIZUOYONG。YUSISHANGXIANGBI,HEZUOSHEYOUQIZISHENYOUSHI: DIYI,HUOYUANYOUSHI。HEZUOSHEHUOWUYOUMAOYIJUZHIJIEGONGJI,QISHOUGOUDETUCHANYOUHEZUOSHESHOUJIXIAOSHOU。BIANQUZHENGFUGUIDINGMAOYIJUXUBAOZHENGWEIHEZUOSHEGONGYUANLIAO、TUICHENGPIN,MAIHUOJIHEZUOSHE。(33)DIER,JIAGEYOUSHI。MAOYIJUGONGJIHEZUOSHEHUOWUYIBANJIYUZHEKOU,ZAIJINGJISHANGJIYUFUZHU。BIANQUZHENGFUGUIDINGMAOYIJUMAIJIHEZUOSHEDEHUOJIAYAOBIYIBANMAIJIADI5%。HEZUOSHECHENGPINBULUNSHICHANGSHANGJIAZHANGJIADIE,MAOYIJUBIXUMAI。BUNENGSHIHEZUOSHEYAZHULAOBENPEIQIAN。(34)DISAN,YEWUYOUSHI,MAOYIJUHUIZAIJISHUHEYEWUSHANGDUIHEZUOSHEJINXINGZHIDAO。BIANQUZHENGFUGUIDING,BULUNSHENMEXINGZHIDEHEZUOSHE,MAOYIJUDOUYAOZHUDONGBANGZHU。BUZHIWUZHISHANGJIYIBIANYI,HAIYAOBANGZHUQIXIANGBANFA,GAISHANGUANLI。HEZUOSHEYEWUMEIYOUZUOHAO,DANGDIMAOYIJUYAOFUZEREN。(35)YINHEZUOSHEZAIZHUDUOFANGMIANJUYOUYOUSHI,ZAITUIDONGBIANQUJISHIMAOYIFAZHANSHANGFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。RUBIANQUTEDENGYINGXIONGLILINFANGLINGDAODEQUNZHONGHEZUOSHE,ZAIFANRONGJIEHEKOUJISHIQILEHENDAZUOYONG。HEZUOSHEYIGEYUEJIUDISHOUMAISHENGTIElWANDUOJIN、YANGMAO300JIN、YANGPI40ZHANG,HAICHUSHOULE700DUOJIANNONGJU。TEBIESHIHEZUOSHEKEYISHEZHANG。BUSHAOQUNZHONGGANDONGDISHUO:

 

NEIJINIANKEBUNENGZHEIYANG,HAISHEDONGXI?JIDEQIANSHAOLEDONGXIYENABUZOU。

 

AG娱乐网GUOQUGONGJIANAOJISHIWEIZHUANQIAN,MAIMIYAOCHENGSHIDOUDEMAI;XIANZAIXINZHENGFUCHENGLIJISHISHIWEIZANLAOBAIXING,SAN、ERSHENGMIYEKEMAIDAO。(36)

 

YOURU1942NIANSAIBEIFENQUSHUO、PINGLIANGXIANHEZUOSHEZAIMAOYIJUDEBANGZHUXIA,GONGJIQUNZHONGBIXUPINHENONGJUYUE300WANYUAN,BINGZUZHILEQINGQUANSIHENANXINZHUANGDEJISHI。(37)JU1944NIANBUWANQUANTONGJI,BIANQUJISHISHANGNENGQIZUOYONGDEHEZUOSHEYOU117GE。(38)ZHEIXIEHEZUOSHEZAIZUZHIQUNZHONGSHENGCHAN、YUNSHU、GONGJIBIXUPIN、TUIGUANGNONGBIDENGFANGMIAN,JINERYOUXIAOFANRONGJISHIMAOYIQILEBUXIAODEZUOYONG。

 

5.ZHANGWOBINGWENDINGWUJIA

 

KANGZHANQIJIAN,BIANQUWUJIASHANGZHANGJIAOWEIYANZHONG,BODONGFUDUJIAODA。WEIBAOZHENGJISHIMAOYIFANRONGWENDING,BIANQUZHENGFUJIJIDUIWUJIAJINXINGZHANGWOHEDIAOKONG。ZHENGFUXIANCONGZHANGWOGUANJIANDESHICHANGZUOQI。RUXINGXIANZHANGWOKEDIAN,TONGGUOSHICHANGYAZIDUIMAIKEMAIKEDEQINGKUANGJINXINGLEJIE,BIYAOSHIZHUDONGJIESHOULAIHUO,ZHUDONGGONGJISUOXUHUOWU,MIANQUWAILAISHANGRENDEXIRAO。YOURUSANFENQUZHANGWOLIANGSHI,GUIDINGLIANGDIANXUGENJUSHICHANGXUYAOSHOUFANGLIANGSHI,YIJIANSHAOLIANGJIADABODONG。(39)CIWAI,ZHENGFUHAITONGGUOTIGONGNONGBIDAIKUANYIWENDINGJINRONG。DAIKUANFANWEISHEJINONGYE、GONGKUANGYE、FANGZHIDENGYUQUNZHONGSHENGHUOMIQIEXIANGGUANDEXINGYE。BIANQUGEMAOYIFENJUJISUOSHUSHANGDIAN、HEZUOSHEYIDALITUIGUANGNONGBI。ZHEIYANG,NONGCHAOHEQUNZHONGLIYIJINMIJIEHE,XIAOSHANGFANHEXIAOSHENGCHANZHEDOUKAISHIJIESHOUNONGCHAO,BAOZHENGLEJISHIDEFANRONG。

 

6.GAISHANJIAOTONGYUNSHUTIAOJIAN

 

AG娱乐网JIAOTONGYUNSHUTIAOJIANSHIGUANXIJISHIXINGSHUAIDEZHONGYAOYINSU。ERYUNFEIWENTISHIWUZILIUCHANG、JISHIFANRONGDEGUANJIAN。BIANQUZHENGFUJIJIGAISHANJIAOTONGYUNSHUTIAOJIANYIJIANGDIYUNFEI: YISHIXIULU。ZHEISHIJIANQINGYUNFEIZUIZHUYAODEFANGFA。RUXINGXIANDAOHEIYUKOUYOUNENGTONGDACHEDELU,XINGXIANTANKEDIJIAFANDAOSHENFU。DACHEYILIANGKELA800JINZUOYOU,RUGAIYONGMAOLVZEXU7TOULV、3GEREN,FEIYONGDUOHAOJIBEI。1944NIAN,XINGSHUZHISHIYAOBASHANGNIANZHIDINGXIUDEJIAOTONGYAODAOJINKUAIXIUHAO,BINGJIHUAXIUHAOLINXIANDAOXINGXIAN、KELANDAOJIEHEKOUHEPEIJIACHUANKOUDEDACHELU。(40)ERSHICHANGDAOYANTUSHEDIANBINGJIANYIDISHOUFEI。BIANQUZHENGFUCHANGDAOYANTULUOMADADIANJINGYINGZHEJIANGDICAOLIAOFEIYONGYIJIANQINGKESHANGYUNFEI。(41)HAICHANGDAOLUBIANSHEDIANHEHUIJIAOYIJIANDIYUNFEI。RUGULIMAOYIJUHEQUNZHONGZAILUBIANSHEDIAN,BINGJIANYIDIANFEIYAOBIANYI。(42)ZAIZUZHIHUIJIAOFANGMIAN,JIANYIYUNSHUZHEYUDANGDITUCHANTUIXIAOLIANXIQILAI,YIBIANHUILAISHIYOUDONGXITUO,CONGERJIANSHAOYUNFEI。(43)SANSHIZUZHIYUNSHUHEZUOSHE。BIANQUZHENGFUFADONGGONGSHANGYUJIGUANBUDUIZUZHIYUNSHUHEZUOSHE,YIJIANGDIYUNFEI。

 

AG娱乐网7.CHENGLISHANGYELIANHEHUIHEGONGYINGSHANGDIANLIANHEHUI

 

AG娱乐网WEIJIAQIANGJISHIDELINGDAOHEGUANLI,BIANQUZHENGFUZUZHICHENGLILESHANGYELIANHEHUIHEGONGYINGSHANGDIANLIANHEHUI。1941NIANGONGYOUXINGXIAN、BAODE、XUNZHEN、LINXIAN、QIKOU、MAFANG、LOUFAN7CHUSHANGLIANHUI。(44)SHANGLIANHUIYOUQUANTISHANGMINXUANCHUZHIWEI,ZHIWEIHUXUANCHANGWEI,SHEZHURENWEIYUANYIREN。ZHIWEIHECHANGWEIYIBANYOUDASHANGREN、ZHONGDENGSHANGRENHEXIAOSHANGRENGOUCHENG。SHANGLIANHUIFUZEZUZHI、GUANLISHANGYEMAOYI,CUJINNONGCUNJISHIFAZHAN,JIEJUESHANGMINKUNNAN,SHIZHENGFUHESHANGMINZHIJIANDEQIAOLIANG。YINCI,SHANGLIANHUIDEJIANLINENGGOUYOUXIAOBAOZHENGJISHIMAOYIDEYOUXUJINXING。GONGYINGSHANGLIANHUIDESHULIANGBISHANGYELIANHEHUISHULIANGSHAO。1941NIANZHIYOUXINGXIANYICHUGONGYINGSHANGYELIANHEHUI。GONGYINGSHANGLIANHUIRENGCANJIASHANGLIANHUI,ZUZHIXINGSHIHESHANGLIANHUIXIANGFANG。(45)GONGYINGSHANGLIANHUIZHUYAOSHIJIZHONGGONGYINGSHANGZAISHICHANGSHANGDEXINGDONG,JINXINGGEZHONGFALINGDEJIESHIHEDONGYUAN,YUNYONGJIAGEZHENGCE,PINGYIWUJIA,BANGZHUSISHANG,WENDINGJISHIMAOYI。

 

AG娱乐网SAN、FAZHANJISHIMAOYIDECHENGXIAOYUWENTI

 

BIANQUFAZHANJISHIMAOYIDECHENGXIAOZHUYAOBIAOXIANZAIYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN。

 

1.DIAOJIEGONGXU,TUIDONGNONGCUNJINGJISHANGYEHUA、XIANDAIHUA

 

KANGZHANSHIQI,JISHISHIBIANQUJINGJILIUTONGDEZHONGYAOXINGSHI。JISHIDEGONGNENGSHOUXIANSHIJINGJIJIAOHUANGONGNENG。YIFANGMIANTIGONGSHENGHUOBIXUPIN,MANZUQUNZHONGDEXIAOFEIXUYAO;LINGYIFANGMIANSHOUGOUTUCHAN,LADONGQUNZHONGSHENGCHAN。BIANQUJISHIJIAOYIYINONGJIASHENGCHANDENONGFUCHANPINHESHOUGONGZHIPINWEIZHU。BIANQUDENONGCHANPINZHUYAOYOUYOUMIAN、MAZI、BAIMA、MAYOU、HUANGYOU、TUDOU、HONGZAO、FENMIAN、MIANHUA、YAOCAI、MUCAIDENG;SHOUGONGYEPINYOUTUBU、TAN、CI、TIEQIDENG。DANGDINIUYANGMALVZHUYESHIJISHIJIAOYIDEZHUYAOHUOWU。ERZHURUXUEHUAGAO、XIANGZAO、TOUYOU、GUANTOU、ZHIYAN、FANGCHOU、JIANZHIDAO、PIXIE、XIESHUA、FAKA、BEIMIAN、SHOUTAO、FANCHI、NIURUDENGSHECHIPINJISHAOJIANDAO。(46)BIANQULAODONGYINGXIONGLILINFANGCENGTANDAO:

 

AG娱乐网(JISHI)ZUIZHONGYAODESHIGONGJILEQUNZHONGDEBIXUPIN,JIEJUELEQUNZHONGSHIYANCHUANYIDENGDEKUNNAN。(47)

 

AG娱乐网SUIZHEJISHIMAOYIDEFUSU,SHANGPINZHONGLEIRIQUFANDUO,MAOYIZONGLIANGZHUJIANZENGZHANG,JINGJIZHUANYEHUACHENGDURIQUMINGXIAN。KEYISHUO,JISHIDEFAZHANDUIYUMANZUQUNZHONGXIAOFEIHESHENGCHANXUQIU,HUOYUENONGCUNJINGJI,FANRONGBIANQUSHICHANG,CUJINNONGCUNJINGJISHANGYEHUAHEXIANDAIHUAQILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

 

AG娱乐网2.PINGYIWUJIA,XINGCHENGHELIJIAGE

 

JISHIBUJINNENGDIAOJIEBIANQUGONGXUMAODUN,HAIYOUPINGYIWUJIA、XINGCHENGHELISHICHANGJIAGEDEZUOYONG。MEIYOUJIANQUANDELIUTONGYE,SHICHANGJIAGEJIZHIDEYOUXIAOXINGJIUHUISHOUDAOYINGXIANG,GONGXUMAODUNYEHUIGENGJIAJIANRUI。KANGZHANQIJIAN,BUSHAOCHANPINJIAGEDAFUBODONG,MAINANMAINANXIANXIANGJIAODUO,ZHEIXIEGUIGENDAODIDOUKEGUIJIEWEILIUTONGWENTI。BIANQUJISHIBUJINTONGGUODIAOJIEGONGXUSHIGENJUDIJIAGEQUXIANGHELI,HAITONGGUOTUIGUANGNONGBIYIPINGYIWUJIA。JISHIZAIJIAOYISHIJIANJUEXISHOUNONGCHAO,JUYONGFABIHEYINYANG。RUJIEHEKOUJISHIJIANLIHOU,ZAIXIANGWAIQINGXIAOTUCHANSHANG,5GEYUENEIJIXISHOUDUIHUANHUIYINYANG7000DUOYUAN,YOUXIAOJINZHILEYINYANGDESHIYONG。(48)JISHIJIAOYISHINONGCHAOGOUMAILIZHUJIANTIGAO,LIUTONGFANWEIYUELAIYUEDA。“LIUTONGBUDUANDIBAHUOBIXIANGHANYIYANGSHENCHULAI”,(49)JIAODACHENGDUDIGONGGULENONGBIZAIBIANQUSHICHANGDEDIWEI。YUCITONGSHI,BIANQUWUJIAZHUJIANXIAJIANG。LIRU,JIEHEKOUJISHIJIANLIYIQIAN,XIAOMIJIAGEMEIDOU700YUAN,JIANJIBUDAOLIANGYUE,JIUDIEDAO280YUAN。(50)JISHIDEJIANLIHECHENGZHANGTUIDONGBIANQUJINGJIZHUJIANXINGCHENGHELIDEJIAGE。

 

AG娱乐网3.SHIXIANZIYUANYOUXIAOPEIZHI,JINYIBUYINDAOSHENGCHAN

 

YIJISHIWEIHEXINDENONGCUNSHICHANGTIXIDUIYUZIYUANPEIZHIYOUZHONGYAOYINGXIANG。BIANQUJISHITONGGUOSHANGPINLIUTONG、ZIZHUPINGDENGDEJINGZHENGSHIZIYUANSHIXIANYOUXIAOPEIZHI,CUJINSHENGCHAN、XIAOFEIDEXIEDIAO,JINYIBUYINDAOSHENGCHAN。LIRU,1945NIAN,XINGXIANERYUEERLUOMADAHUISHANGSHIGENGNIU2000DUOTIAO,LV700DUOTIAO,LUOMA150DUOPI,CHENGJIAOLIHUA90GE。MEIRICHENGJIAOGENGNIU50DUOTIAO,ZONGGONGDIAOJINONGJUDA73WANYUAN。(51)GAINIAN,BAIWENDELUOMADAHUICHENGJIAOGENGNIUSHUDA1000DUOTIAO。LANXIANCHENGJIAO170DUOTIAO。XINZHOUCHENGJIAO200DUOTIAO。LUOMADAHUIHAIDIAOJILEZHONGZI。(52)ZHEIZHONGDIAOJIJIEJUELENONGMINDESHENGCHANZILIAOWENTI,YOUXIAOCUJINLEBIANQUNONGYESHENGCHANDEFAZHAN。JIEHEKOUJISHIJIANLIHOU,PINNONGLISUOLEIXINWEIDISHUO:

 

AG娱乐网ZHEIXIAQIONGRENKEYOULEHUOFALA,BEISHANGYIBEICHAI,TUISHANGERSHENGDOUZIDEDOUFUDOUNENGMAILE,ZHEIHAIBUSHIGONGJIAWEIZANXIANGHUOFAMA?

 

DIZHULIUWENYEXINGFENDISHUO:

 

AG娱乐网DIRENSHAOHUIGUODEDIFANG,GONGJIAXIANGFAXIUBUDEZHEIYANGZHENGQI,CHENGLIJISHIDUIYUZANMENLAOBAIXINGMAIMAIDONGXIGENGFANGBIANLA!(53)

 

LIUTONGJUEDINGSHENGCHAN,YINDAOSHENGCHAN。HUOCHANGQILIUKEYICUJINXIAOFEI,JINERKUODASHENGCHAN。“SHANGPINDEJINGXIANDETIAOYUERUGUOBUCHENGGONG,SHUAIHUAIDEBUSHISHANGPIN,DANYIDINGSHISHANGPINSUOYOUZHE。”(54)BIANQUJISHIDEFAZHANBANONGMINDESHENGCHAN、XIAOFEIJINMILIANJIEZAIYIQI,CHONGFENJIFALENONGMINHESHOUGONGYEZHEDESHENGCHANJIJIXING。YOUJISHIYINDAODEXIAOFEIHESHENGCHANSHILADONGBIANQUJINGJIFAZHANDEZHONGYAODONGLI,DUIBIANQUJINGJIFAZHANQIZHEYINDAOZUOYONG。JISHIBUJINTONGGUOWUPINJIAOYISHIXIANQUNZHONGWUPINDEJIAZHIWANCHENG“JINGXIANDETIAOYUE”,ERQIETONGGUOZISHENDEWUXINGAGYULEWANGMANZUBIANQUSHEHUISHENGCHAN、SHENGHUO、WENHUADENGDUOCENGCIXUYAO。

 

WUYONGZHIYI,JISHIMAOYIZAIGOUTONGCHENGXIANGWUZIAGYULEWANG,DAPOJINGJIFENGSUO,CUJINDUOZHONGJINGJIFAZHAN,HUOYUENONGCUNJINGJIDENGFANGMIANQILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。RANER,YINGGAIKANDAODESHI,YOUYUKANGZHANSHIQITESHUDESHEHUIJINGJIHUANJING,JISHIMAOYIFAZHANYICUNZAIYIXIEWENTI。

 

1.JISHIMAOYIFAZHANBUPINGHENG

 

AG娱乐网JIANJIDEYUANZESHISHIQUNZHONGDEGANJIXIAOLVZUIDAHUA。JISHIMAOYIFAZHANBUPINGHENGZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIJISHISHULIANGSHAO、DIDIANHERIQISHEZHIBUHESHI。RUYOUXIEDIFANGTUCHANBUCHANGXIAO,XIAOFANHUOLANGDANZIBUXIAXIANGDEXIANXIANGHAICUNZAI。(55)YOUDEDIFANGDANCHUNWEILEXINGZHENGLINGDAOJIGUANDEBIANLIERGENJUXINGZHENGFANWEISHEJISHI:

 

AG娱乐网LINZHEYUJIAOPIANPI,(JIANJI)BURUFENGJIACHUANSHIDANG。WENJIACHUANLIHEJIACHUANDEJIJINSHILILU,SONGJIAGOULIKELANJINERSHILI。(56)

 

JISHILIDETAIJINXIANZHIQIZUOYONG,TAIYUANZEBUNENGMANZUQUNZHONGXUQIU。NONGMINGANJIYIBANBUYIXINGZHENGQUYUWEIFANWEI,QIXUANZEMOUYIDIGANJIZHUYAOSHICHUYUFANGBIAN、DIDELUTUCHENGBENHUOXIGUAN。ZAIZHOUQIXINGJISHISHICHANGXITONGZHONG,JISHIDEJIANLIYINGQUEBAOBIKAIKONGJIANSHANGXIANGLINSHICHANGZHIJIANDESHIJIANJINGZHENG,ZHEIYANGCAIBEIRENWEISHIYOUXIAOLVDE。ERBIANQUJISHIYOUDEGANJIRIQITAISHAO,BUGOUJIEJUEWENTI;ERYOUDEZETAIDUO。ZHEIBUJINGONGJIZHEWUFAYOUXIAOGONGJI,XUQIUZHEXUQIUYIJIAODI,HUIJIDAXUERUOJISHIDEYIYI。

 

2.SHANGPINJIEGOUXIANDANYI

 

KANGZHANQIJIAN,BIANQUJISHISHANGPINRIJIANFENGFU,DANRENGXIANDANYI。JISHIMAOYIZUIZHUYAODEMUDESHIJIEJUEQUNZHONGGEZHONGXUYAO。BUDANSHIQUNZHONGNENGMAIDAODONGXI,ERQIEXUNENGMAILETUCHAN,HAIYAONENGJIQUNZHONGXIULIJIAJU,RUDINGZHANG、XIUNONGJUDENG,YIYAOSHIQUNZHONGNENGZHUSUCHIFAN。SUOYIJISHISHANGDESHANGPINBUJINYAOBAOKUOLIANGSHIDENGTUCHAN、GONGYEPIN(YOUQISHISHOUGONGYEPIN),HAIYAOYOUFANDIAN、LVDIANDENGAGYULEWANGXINGCHANGSUO。RANER,KANGZHANQIJIANBIANQUJISHISHANGDEGONGYEPINJIAGYULEWANGXINGCHANGSUOJIAOWEIQIANQUE。YINCI,BIANQUZHENGFUCENGZHISHI,ZAISHIDANGSHIQIZUZHIYUFADONGLUOMADAHUIHUOLIYONGGUHUI,DIAOJIGONGXIAO。(57)

 

3.ZUZHIGUANLIJIAOHUNLUAN

 

AG娱乐网ZHEIYIFANGMIANBIAOXIANWEIJIANJIGUOCHENGZHONGDIFANGZHENGFU、MAOYIJUHENONGMIN、SHANGRENDEGOUTONGBUGOU。XINJIANJISHISHIXIANYAOYOUHENHAODEZHUNBEI,DONGYUANGEZHONGLILIANGCANJIA。NONGMIN、SHANGRENDENGDOUXUGUANGFANZUZHICANJIA。MAOYIJU、DANGDIZHENGFUGENGYAOYOUZUGOUZHUNBEI。RANER,YOUXIEDIFANGJIANJIQIANZHUNBEIZUODEBUGOUCHONGFEN:

 

AG娱乐网ZHONGZHAIJIANJIRIQIWEIYIZHI,LUOYUKOUDENGDIJIANJIMAOYIJUHAIBUZHIDAO。

 

LINGYIFANGMIANZEBIAOXIANWEIJIANJIGUOCHENGZHONGCHUXIANDEQIANGPOMINGLINGXIANXIANG:

 

YOUDEDIFANGWEILEJIANJISHI,BURANGQUNZHONGDAOFUJINXIANFENGANJI,YIBIANDUOMAIJIAQIAN,ZHISHILIANGSHIDEBUDAODIAOJI,CHANLIANGRENSHOURUJIANSHAO。(58)

 

AG娱乐网ZONGTILAIJIANG,SHANGSHUWENTIJIZHONGQILAIDOUSHIJISHIBUJIANQUANDEBIAOXIAN。JISHIBUJIANQUANHUIZHIJIEYINGXIANGLIUTONG。LIUTONGBUCHANGYOUHUIDAOZHISHENGCHANYUXUQIUTUOJIE,ZAOCHENGZIYUANLANGFEI,SHENGCHANJIJIXINGXIAJIANG。LIRU,XINGXIAN、SHENFU、ER、LIU、BAFENQUDOUCHUCHANYANGMAOYANGRONG,YINXIAOLUBUCHANG,SHISHENGCHANZHEQINGXUDILUO。NINGWUYOUDEDIFANG,YANGFANZIBUSHOURONGMAO;BAFENQUYOUDEDIFANGYANGBINGSIHOU,PIWURENBO。DANYOUXIEJIGUANDAMAOKOUDAIFANERMAIBUDAOMAO。HEQUYANGMAOMAIBUCHUQU,BAODEFANERMAIBUDAOMAO。GEDISHAYANGBUSHAO,DANHUAXUECHANGZHIFEIZAOMAIBUDAOYANGYOU,YIZHIJIANSHAOSHENGCHAN。(59)ZHEIZHONGGONGXUTUOJIEDEXIANXIANG,XIANRANSHILIUTONGBUCHANGDEJIEGUO。MEIYOUGAOXIAOJIANQUANDEJISHIMAOYI,GONGXUMAODUNJIUHUIBIANDEJIANRUI,BIANQUJINGJIYUNXINGDEXIAOLVYEHUIXUERUO。KEJIAN,JISHIMAOYIYAOYOUXIAODILVXINGQIJIAOHUANZHINENG,BUJINYAOYIKAOGEZHONGJIAOYIGUIFAN、GUIZEJIXIGUANDENGZHIDUANPAI,GENGXUYAOZHENGFUYOUJIHUADEHELIGUIHUAHEZUZHI。

 

AG娱乐网KANGZHANSHIQIJINSUIBIANQUJISHIMAOYIDEFAZHAN,DUIYUCUJINBIANQUSHANGYEFANRONG、YINDAOGONGNONGYESHENGCHAN、DIAOJIEGONGXUMAODUN、PINGYIWUJIA、XINGCHENGHELIJIAGE、MANZUQUNZHONGXUYAO,JINERTUIDONGBIANQUJINGJICHIXUFAZHANFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。ZAIZHANZHENGHEWAIBUJINGJIFENGSUODETESHULISHITIAOJIANXIA,BIANQUZHENGFUWEIGAOHUONEIBUJINGJI,FAZHANSHANGYEMAOYIZUOLEBUXIENULI。FAZHANJISHIMAOYISHIXINZHENGQUANGAOHUOJINGJIDEZHONGYAOCUOSHIZHIYI,YISHIZHONGGONGJINXINGXINMINZHUZHUYIJINGJIAGYULEWANGHESHIXIANNONGCUNJINGJIXIANDAIHUADEZHONGYAONEIRONG。BIANQUJISHIMAOYIDEFAZHANWEIZHONGGONGCIHOUTUIDONGNONGCUNJISHIMAOYIFAZHANJILEILEYIDINGJINGYAN。RANER,BIXUZHUYIDESHI,YOUYUCANKUZHANZHENGDUINONGCUNJISHIDEJUDAPOHUAI,KANGZHANSHIQIJISHIMAOYIFAZHANYICUNZAIBUJIANQUANZHICHU。ZHIDECHENGZANDESHI,DUIYUZHEIXIEWENTI,BIANQUZHENGFUGAODUZHONGSHI。CONGQIFABUDEZHISHIHEZONGJIEZHONGKEYIKANCHUBIANQUZHENGFUJINGCHANGJIJIPILUXIANGGUANWENTIBINGZELINGGEDIJINXINGGAIJIN。ZHEIBUJINBIAOMINGZHANZHENGHUANJINGXIASHIXIANJINGJIXIANDAIHUADEFUZAXINGHEDUOXIANGXING,GENGBIAOXIANCHUBIANQUZHENGFUZAICHULIFUZAJINGJIWENTISHIFAXIANWENTI、FANYINGWENTI、TUIDONGWENTIJIEJUEDEYOULIANGCHUANTONG。

 

【作者简介】张晓玲,女,1984年生,山西忻州人,内蒙古财经大学经济学院讲师,主要研究方向为中国近代经济史

 

ZHUSHI:

 

①任放: 《二十世纪明清市镇经济研究》,《历史研究》2001年第5期;任放: 《近代市镇研究的回顾与评估》,《近代史研究》2008年第2期。

 

②行龙、张万寿: 《近代山西集市数量、分布及其变迁》,《中国经济史AG娱乐网研究》2004年第2期;乔南: 《浅析清代山西农村集市及庙会》,《山西财经大学学报》2008年第3期;马玉山: 《明清山西市镇经济初探》,《山西大学学报(哲学社会科学版)》1992年第4期;王利霞: 《清代山西晋中集市变迁研究》,山西大学2012年硕士学位论文;冯汉卿: 《清代大同地区集市发展变迁研究》,山西大学2012年硕士学位论文。

 

③关于抗日根据地集市贸易,魏宏运对晋冀鲁豫根据地的集市贸易做过系统论述(见魏宏运: 《论晋冀鲁豫抗日根据地的集市贸易》,《抗日战争研究》1997年第1期)。另有一硕士学位论文考察了晋察冀边区的集市(赵立伟: 《晋察冀边区集市研究》,河北大学2005年硕士学位论文)。此外,董世超分析了抗战时期陕甘宁边区的集市贸易(董世超、张小兵: 《抗战时期陕甘宁边区的集市贸易》,《理论导刊》2014年第2期)。

 

④目前,商业贸易仍是根据地经济史研究较为薄弱的方面(李金铮: 《近20年来华北抗日根据地经济史研究述评》,李金铮: 《近代中国乡村社会经济探微》,北京: 人民出版社,2004年,第571页)。

 

AG娱乐网⑤《LIANGGEBANYUEMAOYIGONGZUOZHONGDEZHONGYAOJIAOXUN》,ZAIJINXIBEIXINGSHUBIANYIN: 《GONGZUOTONGXUN》DI1JUANDI5QI,1942NIAN4YUE15RI。

 

⑥MUZHIDI: 《JINXIBEILINGZHUI》,《XINHUARIBAO》1943NIAN8YUE6RI,CHOUHUOSHIZHIDIDUIQUYUDESHANGPINHEHUOWU。

 

⑦行龙、张万寿: 《近代山西集市数量、分布及其变迁》,《中国经济史研究》2004年第2期。

 

⑧KANGZHANSHIQI,WEIKANGZHANXUYAO,LINXIANFENWEILINXIAN、LINNANLIANGXIAN。GUYUMINGUOSHIQIDELINXIAN11CHUJISHIXIANGBI,GENJUDISHIQILINXIANYULINNANJISHIZHIHEYIHUIFUDAOZHANQIANSHUIPING。

 

⑨刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史AG娱乐网资料选编·金融贸易编》,太原: 山西人民出版社,1986年,第493页。

 

⑩中共晋西区党委: 《晋西北商业贸易发展概况》(1941年12月),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史AG娱乐网资料选编·金融贸易编》,第498页。

 

(11)龚关: 《近代华北集市的发展》,《近代史研究》2001年第1期。

 

(12)许檀: 《明清时期农村集市的发展》,《中国经济史AG娱乐网研究》1997年第2期。

 

(13)BAOKUOLINXIAN、LINNAN、LISHI、FANGSHAN。

 

AG娱乐网(14)BAOKUOJINGLE、YANGQU、LIDONG、TAIYUAN、QINGXU、WENSHUI、JIAOCHENG、FENYANG、JIAOXI。

 

AG娱乐网(15)BAOKUOHEQU、BAODE、PIANGUAN、SHENCHI、KELAN、WUZHAI。

 

(16)BAOKUONINGWU、JINGNING、GUOXIAN、XINXIAN。

 

(17)BAOKUOYOUYU、YOUNAN、PINGLU、SHANSHUO、HUAIREN、DATONGJIDAQINGSHANYOUJIGENJUDISUOSHUJIUXIANWUQI。

 

(18)晋绥边区行署: 《目前贸易中存在的问题与贸易工作的任务》(1944年8月5日),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史AG娱乐网资料选编·金融贸易编》,第433页。

 

AG娱乐网(19)BAOKUOXINGXIAN、LANXIAN、SHENFU。

 

(20)晋绥边区行署: 《目前贸易中存在的问题与贸易工作的任务》(1944年8月5日),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史AG娱乐网资料选编·金融贸易编》,第434页。

 

AG娱乐网(21)《FAZHANNEIDISHANGYE,ZUZHIDUIWAIMAOYI》,《KANGZHANRIBAO》1941NIAN5YUE4RI。

 

(22)晋绥边区行政公署: 《关于开展贸易、稳定金融的秘密指示》(1944年3月10日),内蒙古自治区档案AG娱乐网馆,案卷号: 1-1-24.

 

(23)HAIYUN: 《JIEHEKOUJISHIDEJIANLIJIQIZUOYONG》,《KANGZHANRIBAO》1945NIAN3YUE27RI。

 

(24)晋绥边区行署: 《目前贸易中存在的问题与贸易工作的任务》(1944年8月5日),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史AG娱乐网资料选编·金融贸易编》,第451页。

 

(25)晋绥边区行政公署: 《关于开展贸易、稳定金融的秘密指示》(1944年3月10日),内蒙古自治区档案馆,案卷号: 1-1-24。

 

(26)晋绥边区行署: 《半年来贸易工作总结》(1945年4月),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史资料选编·金融贸易编》,第475页。

 

(27)《FAZHANNEIDISHANGYE,ZUZHIDUIWAIMAOYI》,《KANGZHANRIBAO》1941NIAN5YUE4RI。

 

(28)晋绥边区行署: 《目前贸易中存在的问题与贸易工作的任务》(1944年8月5日),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史资料选编·金融贸易编》,第448页。

 

(29)《FAZHANNEIDISHANGYE,ZUZHIDUIWAIMAOYI》,《KANGZHANRIBAO》1941NIAN5YUE4RI。

 

AG娱乐网(30)《LIANGGEBANYUEMAOYIGONGZUOZHONGDEZHONGYAOJIAOXUN》,ZAIJINXIBEIXINGSHUBIANYIN: 《GONGZUOTONGXUN》DI1JUANDI5QI,1942NIAN4YUE15RI。

 

(31)晋绥边区行署: 《目前贸易中存在的问题与贸易工作的任务》(1944年8月5日),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史资料选编·金融贸易编》,第456页。

 

(32)晋绥边区行署: 《半年来贸易工作总结》(1945年4月),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史资料选编·金融贸易编》,第471页。

 

(33)(34)(35)晋绥边区行政公署: 《关于开展贸易、稳定金融的秘密指示》(1944年3月10)日),内蒙古自治区档案馆,案卷号: 1-1-24。

 

(36)HAIYUN: 《JIEHEKOUJISHIDEJIANLIJIQIZUOYONG》,《KANGZHANRIBAO》1945NIAN3YUE27RI。

 

(37)《塞北分区朔平两县合作社联席会议对于今后朔平两县合作社工作的意见》(1942年9月7日),内蒙古自治区档案馆,案卷号: 1-1-24。

 

(38)晋绥边区行署: 《晋绥边区贸易工作材料》(1944年8月29日),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史AG娱乐网资料选编·金融贸易编》,第572页。

 

(39)(41)晋绥边区行署: 《目前贸易中存在的问题与贸易工作的任务》(1944年8月5日),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史资料选编·金融贸易编》,第450页。

 

(40)(42)晋绥边区行政公署: 《关于开展贸易、稳定金融的秘密指示》(1944年3月10日),内蒙古自治区档案馆,案卷号: 1-1-24。

 

(43)晋绥边区行署: 《半年来贸易工作总结》(1945年4月),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史资料选编·金融贸易编》,第474页。

 

(44)中共晋西区党委: 《晋西北商业贸易发展概况》(1941年12月),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史资料选编·金融贸易编》,第537页。

 

(45)中共晋西区党委: 《晋西北商业贸易发展概况》(1941年12月),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史资料选编·金融贸易编》,第540页。

 

(46)晋绥边区行署: 《目前贸易中存在的问题与贸易工作的任务》(1944年8月5日),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史资料选编·金融贸易编》,第445页。

 

AG娱乐网(47)HAIYUN: 《JIEHEKOUJISHIDEJIANLIJIQIZUOYONG》,《KANGZHANRIBAO》1945NIAN3YUE27RI。

 

(48)(50)(53)HAIYUN: 《JIEHEKOUJISHIDEJIANLIJIQIZUOYONG》,《KANGZHANRIBAO》1945NIAN3YUE27RI。

 

(49)MAKESI: 《ZIBENLUN》DIYIJUAN,BEIJING: RENMINCHUBANSHE,1975NIAN,DI132YE。

 

AG娱乐网(51)《XINGXIANZHAOKAILUOMADAHUI,NONGJUSHICHANGBIAOXIANTEBIEHUOYUE》,《KANGZHANRIBAO》1946NIAN3YUE16RI。

 

(52)《晋绥边区1945年1月至1946年6月贸易工作综述》(1946年7月10日),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史资料选编·金融贸易编》,第663页。

 

AG娱乐网(54)MAKESI: 《ZIBENLUN》DIYIJUAN,DI124YE。

 

(55)晋绥边区行署: 《目前贸易中存在的问题与贸易工作的任务》(1944年8月5日),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史资料选编·金融贸易编》,第447页。

 

(56)晋绥边区行署: 《半年来贸易工作总结》1945年4月),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史资料选编·金融贸易编》,第475页。

 

(57)(58)晋绥边区行署: 《半年来贸易工作总结》(1945年4月),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史AG娱乐网资料选编·金融贸易编》,第475、461页。

 

(59)晋绥边区行署: 《目前贸易中存在的问题与贸易工作的任务》(1944年8月5日),刘欣主编: 《晋绥边区财政经济史AG娱乐网资料选编·金融贸易编》,第431页。

 




上一篇: 陆玉芹、谢俊美: 同光之际两湖地区淮盐引地规复之争 下一篇: 黄正林: 论抗战时期甘肃的农业改良与推广

推荐信息

ZUIXINREMEN

专题栏目


返回首页 | | |

    中国社会科学院近代史研究所 版权所有:AG娱乐网