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经济史 【字体:

XU ANG: ZHAOXINGUPIAOYUWANQINGHUAZIJINRONGYEGUANXIYANJIU

作者: 文章来源:AG娱乐网

摘要: 1898年清政府发行的昭信股票开始在制度上允许金融机构参与国家内债事务。传统金融业在不少地区认领了相当数额的昭信股票,还向盐商和地方政府提供垫借款项应付摊派。地方政府需要金融业帮助周转财源,中央政权需要专业机构协助统筹,金融机构相应承担内债相关的募集、收存和汇拨等功能,并从中获取收益。昭信股票这一案例固然表明晚清国家财政对金融业的依赖,但金融业本身亦因经济形势产生了参与财政的需求,新式银行的最初发展离不开国家财经政策的支持。

 

关键词: 晚清财政 昭信股票 传统金融业 新式银行

 

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AG娱乐网YI、CHUANTONGJINRONGYEDEZHIJIERENMUYUJINGYING

 

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ER、CHUANTONGJINRONGYEJIANJIEDEDIANJIEYUHUIJIE

 

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AG娱乐网LIANGHUAIYANSHANGWEIQUANGUOYANSHANGZHISHOU,QICHUGUANDINGTANGOUZHAOXINGUPIAO200WANLIANG,DANYANSHANGSHENGCHENG“ANSHANGBUQI,YINGENTAIJIN,QIEBUWENSHANGWEIFENGDAO,GESHENGSHANGWEIDINGZHANG”,QINGQIUHUANYIBINGZHUOJIANFENE。GUANFUSUIYANLISHENCHI,BINGWUXIAOGUO。(56)JIANGCHIZHIXIA,LIANGJIANGZONGDULIUKUNYIZHINENGJIANQUYIBAN,JINRENGOU100WANLIANG。(57)ZHI1899NIANMO,GEDIYITINGMUZHAOXINGUPIAO,LIANGHUAIYANSHANGRENGCHICHIWEIJIANGDINGEJIAOQI,ERDIFANGYIJIANGSHUZISHANGBAOJINGCHENG。JIAOMUZHIKUANZHENGDAIBOYONGZHIJI,SUSHENGJIYANCHANGZHINENGCHILING: “ZAIYUXIANBUJIAO,JICHIQIANZHUANGDAIDIAN,JIANGLAIYOUSHANGRENXIGUIHAI”,JIEGUOXIANGYINGZHERENGRANLIAOLIAO。DIFANGZHENGFUBEIPOCHILINGFUHE、XIANGTONG、FENGYU、JUSHENG、DASHENGDENGZHUANGHAOXIANXINGDAIDIANBAOJIE。(58)QINGTINGZAOYIRENSHIDAO“HUAISHANGJIUYISHOUKUN,JINNIANJUANKUANJIXIJIEGUPIAOCENGJIANDIECHU,YOUJIJINANZHIZHISHI”。(59)ZHI1900NIAN,QIANSHANGDIANJIEYANSHANGZHIKUANYICHENGGUANLI。10YUEWEIJIELIANGHUAISUOQIANZHAOXINGUPIAOYIN35WANYULIANG,HUAINANJUXIANYOUYUNKUBOJIE10WANLIANG,ZAI“YUANANCHIGEDAQIANZHUANGCHOUDIAN,JIANGLAIYOUQIANJIAOZHISHANGJIANGBENXIANYINKOUHAI”。(60)ZHI1901NIANQIU,HUAISHANGSUORENZHIZHAOXINGUPIAOYINSHU,JIBENYIYOUQIANZHUANGDIANJIE,SHANGQIANJIAOYIN9000YULIANG。(61)SUIRANLIANGHUAIQIANYEDIANKUANJIYANSHANG,DAN“CHUXIJIAOZHONG”,YANYEDEZHONGDANYILEIJIQIANYE。YIFANGMIAN,YANYELIANNIANJIEDAIJINGYING,“CHANGXIGUIBEN,LIJINJINPI”;ERQIANYEKUYUXIANYINJINGCHANGBUFUZHOUZHUAN,“YIYUZHENGSHUJUKUAN,DONGXINGCHEZHOU”,SHIYOUYINHAODAOBI。(62)LINGYIFANGMIAN,LIANGHUAIQUESHAOZHIQIAN,YANSHANGYUNYANYIKAOYOUSHILIDEQIANZHUANGKAICHUQIANPIAOZANSHIJIAONASHUIKEYANJIA,MEIJIEXINGANGKAIBAN,YANSHANGDINGYUNKUANXIANGMEIRIKEDASHUSHIWANLIANG。QIANYEBENKEYICONGZHONGHUOLI,DANYANSHANG“MAIYANYIQIAN,MAIYANYIYIN”,ZAIQIANJIASHANGZHANGSHICHUSHOUQIANPIAOTOUJI,ZHENGDUOQIANYELIYI。ZUIZHONG,LIANGHUAIQIANYECHENDIANGOUZHAOXINGUPIAOZHIJI,YAOQIUDIFANGZHENGDUNYANPIAOMAIMAI。(63)

 

GUANGDONGYISHIYANSHUIDASHENG,QINGTINGTANPAI1000WANLIANGZHAOXINGUPIAOJIGUANGDONGYISHENG,DUFUJIANGJUNHUITONGGEDAOGUANYUANYUSHENSHANGSHANGTAO,SHENSHANGBIAOSHI“GEXINGSHENGYIYICHENGZHUIDAOZHIMO,ZECISHIKONGFEIYIBANER”。(64)YUESHENGCHUNITANPAIYANSHANG100WANLIANG,SHIJIQUEWUFATUIXING。GUANGDONGBUZHENGSHIZHANGRENJUNZAISIXINZHONGGANTAN: “SUIDUOSHENFUSUOPAIGUPIAO,YIBIYUSHIQUZHI,WULIYOUXIAN,JIEZEKANYU,RUOLIANGSHIJIANYINGSHUNANCUOSHOU。”(65)LIANGGUANGZONGDUTANZHONGLINKENQINGQINGTING“ZHUNQILINGPIAOYANSHANGGONGJIEYINSISHIWANLIANG”,LINGZAISHENGKUTIJIESHENGXIKUANYIN30WANLIANG,COUQI100WANLIANGYINGFU。(66)JINGGUOYANWUGONGSUOSHANGYI,JUEDINGYOUGEBUYANSHANGCHOUYIN20WANLIANG,XIAHEYUNGUANCHOUYIN20WANLIANG。QIZHONGYANSHANGSUORENSHUXIANYOUYUANFENGRUNPIAOHAOCHU15WANLIANG,QIYU5WANYOUYINGYUKUANNEICOUZU;YANSHUBUFENZEYOUYUNKUXIANDIAN,RANHOUMEIBAOYANCHOUYINSANFEN,ZHUJIANGUIKUAN。(67)YUANFENGRUNPIAOHAOYOUDIFANGZHENGFUZHICHI,WEILEPINGHENGYANSHANGYUPIAOHAODELIYI,GUANFANGGUIDINGPIAOHAODIANJIEZHIKUAN“WURONGJIAWENSHUI”,“WEIMEIBAOCHOUYINSIFEN,TONGJIMAIYANYIBAO,YINQIFENSANLIHAO。”(68)ZHEIBIDIANKUANJINYOUYANBAOXIANGXIACHOUHAI,ZHIDAO1904NIANZHISHAOHAIQIANYOU2WANLIANGZUOYOU。(69)YUNKUDIANJIEDE20WANLIANGZAI1902NIANYIHAIQING。(70)

 

AG娱乐网SICHUANSHINEIDIZHONGYAOYANQU,DANGDIZHUYAODEJINRONGYE(DANGPU、QIANZHUANGHEPIAOHAO)JIAOSHAODUIYANYEYOUZHANGQIJIEDAI。DANYINCHUANSHENGDICHUPIANYUANERKUASHENGMAOYIFANRONG,HUIDUIHEDUANQITIEXIANYEWUSHIDEJINRONGJIGOUYUYANSHANGGUANXIJINMI,ERBENDIDANGPUYUYANYEYEYOUSHENGSHUAIYUGONGDEXIANXIANG。(71)QINGMOCHUANSHENGYANSHANGZIBENBUHOU,JINGYINGZHERISHAO,QUEDUICHUANSHENGCAIZHENGYIJIUZHONGYAO。(72)ZHAOXINGUPIAOQUANMUZHICHU,CHUANSHENGJIXIANGTONGSHENGPIAOHAO、YANHAOSHUSHIJIAYIJIDANGSHANG300YUJIAGUIDING: FEIXISHANGGEPIAOHAOMEIJIAJIEYIN5000LIANG,GEZIHAOYANHAOMEIJIAJIEYIN2000LIANG,GEDANGSHANGMEIJIAJIEYIN1000LIANG。(73)YANHAOYUPIAOZHUANGTONGWEIZHONGDIANMUKUANDUIXIANG。RANER,SHINIANSICHUANFASHENGYUDONGCHENQIYI,QIANZHUANGFENFENBIHU,ZHIYOUYILIANGJIANENGWEICHIYINGYE。(74)CHUANSHENGYANSHANGDUOSHIHEHUOJIGU,ZIBENWEIBO,ZAOYIKUIQIANPIAOZHUANG,JUCHUANDUBAOGAOYANZHONGDEDIQUFUZHAI100DUOWANLIANG。(75)DUIBIGAISHENGGUANYUAN36WANYULIANGDEZHAOXINGUPIAOBAOXIAO,YANPIAOLIANGYEZHINENGSUANSHILINGXINGJIAONA。(76)

 

AG娱乐网ZHANGLUDIQUSHIBEIFANGZUIZHONGYAODEYANCHANG,ZHANGLUMEINIANDEJUANZHENJUANXIANGHEBAOXIAOJINGFEIDOUXUYAODANGDIYANSHANGDUOFANGCHOUDIAN。(77)QIANYEJUSHANGYANXINHOU,ZI1885NIANQIZHANGQIRENZHANGLUYANWUDUXIAO,SHULITIANJINYANWUBANGBAN。GAIYANCHANG“LIJIEQIUYUN,WANGWANGLAIZHANGQIAN,GEPUTONGRONG,YIZUOYUNBEN,DUOZHEJIEDAISHUWANJIN,SHAOZHEYISHUQIANLIANG,YINNENGXUNSUGANYUN,WUWUXINGXIAO”。(78)QINGTINGYIZHIXIZHANGLUYANSHANGYIXUYIKAOJINRONGJIGOUDEJIEKUAN。ZHI1897NIAN,QIANSHANGDANGHAOYICHENGWEITIANJINDIFANGCAIZHENGJIEKUANDEZHONGYAOLAIYUAN。(79)ZHANGLUYANSHANGZONGGONGRENLING40WANLIANGZHAOXINGUPIAO,KETUIDUANQIZHONGYOUBUSHAOWEIJINRONGYEZHIDIANKUAN。(80)

 

AG娱乐网SHANGWENSUOSHUGEDIJINRONGYEZHIJIERENGOUHUOJIANJIEDIANGOUZHAOXINGUPIAODEKUANEBINGBUQUANMIAN,QINGXIJIZAIZHEZONGJICHAOGUO200WANLIANG。JU1909NIANDERIBENGUANFANGJILU,ZHAOXINGUPIAOSHISHOUZONGECHAOGUO500WANLIANG;ERGUONEIXUEZHEDEKAODINGJIEGUODAZHIYIZHOUYUMINXIANSHENGGUJIDE1000WANLIANGZUIZUXIN(81);DANJUGUANFANGJIZAIDANGSHIQUANGUOZHAOXINGUPIAOYINCUNRUHUBUYINKUDESHIJIEWEI253.52WANLIANG。(82)YINCI,WULUNRUHE,JINRONGYEZEGONGXIANLEZHAOXINGUPIAOSHIJISHOUSHUZHONGBIJIAOZHONGYAODEFENE。DANGRAN,ZAIMIBUDIFANGCAIZHENGDETONGSHI,JINRONGJIGOUYEHUODELEYIDINGDEEWAILIRUN。

 

CHUANTONGJINRONGJIGOUDELINGYIGEJIANJIEZUOYONGSHIHUIJIEDIFANGSHOUJIAODEZHAOXINGUKUAN。DANGSHIPIAOHAOYEZHUYINGYEWUJIBAOKUOBUSHAOSHENGFENDEGUANKUANHUIJIE。JINZHE,HUNANXIANGHUBEIBOJIEZHAOXINGUPIAO5WANLIANGYAOYIKAOSANJIAPIAOHAOTONGSHIHUIJIE(83);YUANZHE,SHUNTIANXIANG、BAICHUANTONGZAIYUNNANJIHUBAOLANLEGAISHENGSUOYOUCAIZHENGHUIBOYEWU。(84)BUGUO,PIAOHAOZHUANQUDEDALIANGHUIFEIJIANCHENGDIFANGCAIZHENGDEYIZHONGFUDAN。FUJIANJIAOYOUYUANFENGRUNHUIJIEZHAOXINGUPIAOZHISHANGHAIYIXIANGGONG11WANLIANGKUPINGYIN,ZHAOMINHAIGUANCHENGANGONGHUAHUIFEI3400LIANG。(85)ZAIYISICHUANWEILI,GAISHENGNEIWAIYUNSHUXIANYINBUBIAN,HUIJIE24WANLIANGZHAOXINGUPIAOYINZHISHANGHAIYAOKAO11JIAPIAOHAOGONGHUI。(86)CHUANSHENGGEJIAPIAOHAOPINGSHIHUIJIAMEIWANLIANGSHOU120LIANGHUIFEI,DAIDAOSHIMIANJINZHANGHUOSHI“YANGKUANXIANPO”SHI,FANERYAOQIUMEIWANLIANGJIAZHONGHUIFEIYIN150LIANG。(87)DANGSHIGUANGXIMEINIANTANFUPEIKUANNIANJI90YUWANLIANG,PIAOHAOMEIHUIDUI100LIANG,XUHUIFEI2LIANG,QIZHONGLIRUNKEXIANGERZHI。(88)CIWAI,ZHAOXINGUPIAOHAIYONGYUZHIDIANJUNXIANGDENGZHONGYAOHUIXIANG,XIANGYINGHUIFEIZAIGESHENGLIJINHUOHAOXIANXIANGXIAZHICHU。(89)GEBIESHENGFENYIJUEFUDANGUOZHONG,ZHANYONGKAIZHI,GUANGXULINGHUBULIAN,“YIMIANPEILEI”。(90)

 

CHENBAOZHENCENGMIAOSHUDANGSHIDIFANGCAIZHENG: “LAIYUANYIXINGKUJIE,ERGONGYISUIYOUJIAZENG,SIJUDAOGEKUWUBUXISUOYIKONG。MEIDANGWUKETENGNUOZHIJI,HUOQIANFABENSHENGYONGXIANG,HUOXIJIEPIAOSHANGYINLIANG,LIAOWEIFUYANYISHI,LINIANKUIQIANRIDUO,SHANGBUZHIRUHEBUJU。”(91)ERPIAOHAO、QIANZHUANGDENGCHUANTONGJINRONGJIGOURIYIXIANXIANMIBUSHOUZHIQUEKOUDEJINGJIZUOYONG。ZHEIYIQUSHISHENZHIZAIMENGGUGUIZUXIAXIADEKULUNDIQUYEYOUCHUXIAN。(92)XIANGYINGDI,DIFANGZHENGFUDECUNJIELIXIHEHUIJIEYEWUYISHIDAXINGPIAOZHUANGZUIZHUYAODESHOURULAIYUAN,JINRONGYEBUJINYIKAOHUIFEIHECUNKUAN,HAIBAYOUXIANDEZIJINTOURUDAOZHENGFUZHAIWUZHIZHONG。TONGSHI,ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGJINRONGJIGOUZAICAIZHENGLINGYUZHONGDEJUXIANXINGYEZHUJIANXIANXIANCHULAI。

 

SAN、QINGTINGZHENGCEYUXINSHIYINXINGDEYINRU

 

AG娱乐网XIANGGUANYANJIUZHEYIZHICHUQINGMOCAIZHENGZHIDUBIANQIANDEANLIU: “XIANTONGYIHOUGESHENGSHILIZHIZHENZHENGCHENGZHANGGUBUZAIDUFUZHIZHUANQUAN,ERZAIXIACENGJUNSHIYUCAIZHENGZHIDUZHIBIANHUAYE。”(93)RIQUYANZHONGDESHOUZHIJINZHANGZHISHIZHENGFUCAIZHENGKUNJINGDEYIBUFEN。(94)ZAIZUZHIZHIDUSHANG,HUBUSHILANGZHANGYINHUANZAIJIAXINZHONGXINGXIANGDIXIEDAO: “LIUBUYIHUBUWEIFANZONG,YINGMEIRIDAOSHU,FOUZEGEYIRILIANGRIGUOLAN,ZEANDURUSHAN,SIYUANRAOWEIRUPINGFENG,TOUXUANYANHUA,YUSHIBULE,LIBUYIBUGAOJIANBUDIHUBUYISIYE。”(95)HEHANWEIXIANSHENGZHICHUZAICAIZHENGTANPAIDEKUANGJIAXIA,QINGZHENGFUYIJIUWEICHILEDUIDIFANGDEQUANWEI,DANQUESHAOSHIFENYOUXIAODEXINGZHENGSHOUDUAN。(96)YINCI,ZAIGUOJIACENGMIAN,YUQIYONGJIANDANDEERYUANFANGSHIKANDAIZHONGYANGYUGESHENGFENFANDECAIZHENGJIUGE,WUNINGGUANZHUZHONGGUOZAIKUNJUZHONGHUANMANYUNNIANGDEBAOHANJINRONGLINGYUZAINEIDECAIZHENGZHIDUBIANGE。

 

OUZHOUFENGJIANZHIGUOJIADEJINDAIHUADOUXIANJINGLILEYOUZHONGYANGDAODIFANGDECAIZHENGZHIDUDEZHUANMENHUA。(97)JIAWUZHANZHENGYIHOU,QINGCHAOCAIZHENGZHISHAOZAIZHONGYANGCENGMIANYICHUXIANLEISIZHUANMENHUADEQUXIANG。(98)WEIJINGLIZHAOXINGUPIAO,HUBUYESHELILEZHUANMENJIGOUZHAOXINJU(NEISHEJIPIAOCHU、SHOUYINCHU),BANBU《HUBUZHAOXINJUZHANGCHENG》,MINGXIDAILIJIGUANHERENGOUSHOUXU。TONGSHI,GESHENGFANSIYEFENFENSHEZHIFENJU,YISHENGMINGMING。(99)JINGCHENGZHAOXINJUZI3YUEQIJI“MEIYUEFENGSANRIQIDUIYINHUANPIAO”,HOUYINSHIWUFANDUO,CONGHUBUBEIDANGFANGQIANCHU,ZAIZONGRENFUDUIMIANJINYUANNEILINGLIZIPAI。(100)ZHONGYAODESHI,MINJIANJINRONGJIGOUZAINEIZHAISHIWUZHONGDECHUXIAN,WEICHANGBUSHIYIZHONGXINDECHANGSHI。ZHEIZHONGZHIDUNEIBUDEBIANHUASHENZHIXIANYU“WUXUBIANFA”HUOSHI“QINGMOXINZHENG”,TONGSHIYEMIANLINZHEGUYOUDEPINGJING。

 

CHUANTONGHAOSHANGYUDIFANGZHENGFUGUANXIYOUWEIMIQIE,DANBIJINGZIBENYOUXIAN,JINGYINGXIANGDUIBAOSHOU;QIANZHUANGYEZESHOUZHIYUWAIGUOYINXING,LVSHOUSHICHANGFENGCHAODECHONGJI。(101)ZHAOXINGUPIAOQUANMUQIJIAN,BUSHAOPIAOZHUANGYISHI“NUOJIAOWEINAN,LVQIUKUANXIAN”。(102)CHAOGUANYILUNZHAOXINGUPIAOLIUBIDEDIYITIAOJIUSHISHIMIANLIUTONGXIANYINTAISHAO,YIDANGESHENGPINGGUPIAOXIANGYINHAOQIANPUDUIXIAN,SHIBIYINGEBIEZHUANGHAODAOBIYINQILIANSUOFANYING。(103)1898NIAN2YUE,HUBUJIEDAOBAOGAO,SHIMIANLIUTONGBAIYINJIN“YIQIANSHUBAIWANLIANG”,RUCIJINSUODETONGHUOJUMIANYESHIYOUCHENGBAISHANGQIANJIACHUANTONGPIAOZHUANGSUOWEICHI。(104)GUERDIFANGZHENGFUDANYOU: “MINJIANYUZI,DUOBANJIZHUSHANGHAOSHENGXI。RANBICHAOXIFANGWEI,LVQIDAOBI。”(105)DUIHUBUERYAN,GEDIDEJINRONGJIGOUBUBIANKONGZHI,BEIJINGDEQIANPUYOUJINGCHANGDAOBI,SHENGXIAHUOZHUNMUJIZHAOXINGUPIAODE“SIHENG”ZEYUDIFANGSHILIYOUZHEFUZALIANXI。CIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,CHUANTONGJINRONGYESHIJIHENNANZAIZHONGYANGCAIZHENGDEYUNZUOZHONGCHENGWEIZHIZHU。(106)CHAOTINGYECHANSHENGLEGUANBANYINXING,“ZHAOJISHANSHANPIAOHAOGESHANGLIANWEIYIQI”DEXIANGFA。(107)ZHIYOUYIGEQUANGUOXINGDE、ZUGOUANQUANDEXINSHIJINRONGJIGOUCAINENGDUICAIZHENGYUNCHOUYOUSUOBIYI。

 

AG娱乐网GUANFUZUIJIHUIDESHI,PIAOSHANGZAISHENTOUDIFANGCAIZHENGDETONGSHI,HAILITUBAOCHIHENQIANGDEDULIXING,SHANGHAIJINRONGYEBIANSHIYILI。SHANGHAIYANXINHOUDUZISHELIDEYUANFENGRUNPIAOHAO,“ZHUANWEIGUANJIAHUIJIEQIANCAOGUANSHUI,SHANGZIFUFAN,XIAZHIJUKACHUNAGEKUAN,JIEWEITUOZHI,JIANYINGSHANGYEHUIDUI”。(108)WEICHOUMUZHAOXINGUPIAO,LIUKUNYIZHIDIANYANXINHOU,CHENG“SUSHENGJIEKUANPINGZHISHISHILAI”。(109)BUGUOYANXINHOUDUIZHAOXINGUPIAOFEICHANGHUAIYI,TADAIBIAOZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGDONGSHIGAOSUSHENGXUANHUAI,CICIZHAIQUANXUYAOYOUSHUIWUSIDEQIANZIDANBAO,FOUZEJICHENGXIJIESHANGKUAN,HAIKUANWUZHE。TATICHUKEYISHIMAI“XIAOPIAO”,ZHISHAOYAOYOU“JIUWU”ZHEKOU,SHANGHAISHANGJIECAIKENGOUMAI。YANXINHOUCHENGYOUZIJICHOUKUAN,BUNENGZAIDUSHIXINYUSHANG。(110)SHANGSHUZHE、WANDENGSHENGPIAOSHANGYESHIDULIDIYUDIFANGZHENGFUXIESHANGRENGOUSHUE,TONGSHIGEZIDESHIJIJINGYINGQINGKUANGYOUJISHAOXIANGZHENGFUGONGKAI。

 

XIANGJIAOYUDIFANGDUICHUANTONGJINRONGYEDEYILAI,JIAWUYIHOUQINGTINGYIKAISHIKAOLVYINRUXIFANGDECAIZHENGCUOSHI。HUBUSHANGSHUWENGTONGHEZAI1895NIANJIUKAISHIKAOLVFANGXIAOXIFANG“DUOJIE、GUANGJIE”GUOZHAI。(111)ZI1895NIANZHI1897NIAN,TAYOUXIANHOUYUSHENCENGZHI、RONGHONG、HUYUFEN、CHENCHI、XUJINGCHENGHESHENGXUANHUAIDENGRENSHANGLIANGXINGBANYINXINGYISHI。(112)1896NIAN,RONGHONGXIANGWENGTONGHEHEHUBUJINCHENG《GUOJIAYINXINGDAZHIZHANGCHENGSHITIAO》HE《YINXINGZONGGANGSITIAO》,QIZHONGBAOKUOYINXINGYIGUBENDE1/3SHUELINGQUGUOZHAI,“NIANXIWULI”。(113)ZUIHOUCHENGWENDE《SISHITIAOZHE》XIANGGUANTIAOWENYUHOULAIZHAOXINGUPIAODEZHANGCHENGXIANGSI,JIULIANRONGHONGXIANGHUIDEJIEQUANTUSHIYUZHAOXINGUPIAOYEDATONGXIAOYI。(114)CI,SHIRENPINGLUNZHAOXINGUPIAOYOULIYUYINXINGDESHELI: “YANZHIXIZHEWEIYINXING,XINGYUJINRIYINRIZHAI,ERRIZHAIJIRANYIDAIHUAKUANERLICHANG,ZEYINXINGYIBUNANJIJUGUERJIEBAN。”(115)SHISHISHANG,WENGTONGHEYIDUKAOLVJIANLIGUOJIAYINXINGFAXINGZHAIQUAN,ZUIZHONGRENWEISHIJIWEIDAO,“XIANBUNENGXINGQUSHIPO”。(116)

 

YIKAOXINSHIYINXINGJIGOUHUANJIECAIZHENGKUNNANDEGOUXIANGYEDEDAOHUBUYIWAICHAOTINGGUANYUANDETUIDONG。(117)1896NIANDI,WENGTONGHEXIANGGUANGXUDIQINGZHISHIBANYINXINGHUOZHUN。(118)SUIHOU,WENGTONGHEDEKECHANGMENSHENGHUANGSIYONGSHANGZOU“CHUANGXINGTIELUYINXINGYIZIQUNCEQUNLIZHE”,GUANGXULINGZONGSHUYUHUBUYIZOU。(119)DIFANGDAYUANYEYIYINXINGWEI“JINYAO”ZHISHI,FANFUTAOLUN。(120)QINGZHENGFUDEZHONGYAOGUANYUANDOUZHUJIANRENTONGHUBUFUKUKEYILIYONGYINXINGWEISHUNIU,“TONGGUOCAIFUZHUANSHUYUHUANHUIZHIZHONG”;CHIYIYIZHEYECHENGREN“YINXINGZHISHEGUSHUFUQIANGYAOTU”。(121)WANGWENSHAODENGHUIZOUNIQING“GUANWEIFUCHIBAOHU”,GUANGXUDISUIJIXIAZHUANHUBU。(122)1897NIAN4YUE18RI,ZONGLIYAMENQUANTIDACHENLIANMINGMIHANSHENGXUANHUAIBIAOSHICHAOTING“BINGWUYISHANGSUNXIAZHIYI”,“JIQINGXIANGXIZHENZHUOKAIBAN,SHENSHITUZHONG。”(123)HUBUHEZONGLIYAMENHAICENGXIANHOUCUICUKAIBANSHANGHAIYUBEIJINGLIANGDIYINXING。(124)

 

TONGSHI,BENTUJINRONGYEZISHENYENIJIANXINSHIYINXING,JINGLIZHAOXINGUPIAO。1897NIAN5YUE,ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGZAISHANGHAICHENGLI,YINXINGDONGSHITIYIFANGXIAOXIFANGGEGUOYINFA、CHOUJIAOZHAIQUAN。(125)ZHAOXINGUPIAOKAIBANHOU,CHAOTINGBIANJIHUALINGZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGCHENGBANSHANGHAIYIDIDEGUPIAO。(126)ZAIYINXINGFANGMIAN,SHENGXUANHUAITEDIZHISHIZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGBEIJINGFENXINGYAOZAIJULIHUBUZUIJINDEZHENGYANGMENYIDAIXUANZHIGOUFANG,POYOUYONGYI。(127)TONGSHI,TAJINYANYOUYINXINGCHENGLANGESHENGGUANFANGHUIKUAN。ZHIYUBANLINEIZHAIZHISHI,“JIEKEFANGZHAOXIGUO,GUIYUYINXINGDAIBAN,JIAOZHIGUANWEIHAOZHAO,ZIWUHANGECAIYIZHIBI”。(128)YOUYUZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGSHISHANGBANYINXING,HUBUJINSHENBIAOSHIYAOYUGESHENGGUANSHANGYI,GUANGXUDIZEGUODUANYULINGQUANGUO“FANYOUTONGSHANGYINXINGZHICHU,HUIDUIGUANKUANXIEXIANG,RUCHAMINGHUIFEIQINGJIAN,JIZHUOJIAOTONGSHANGYINXINGTUOSHENCHENGBAN,YIZHONGSHANGWU”。(129)

 

ZAOZAICHAOTINGSHOUMINGZHIQIAN,SHENGXUANHUAIZHENGJIQIEZHUNBEIXIANYUJINGXIANGJIEYUNZHIQIKAIBANBEIJINGFENXING,BINGZHISHITIANJINFENXINGJINGLIZUODAO“GUANSHANGLIANLUO”,YUJIJIANGCHENGLIDEBEIJINGFENXINGPEIHE,TONGSHI“ZHAOXINGUPIAOKEYOUYINXINGDAIWEISHOUFANG,SHISHUGONGSILIANGYI”。(130)ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGJINGXINGKAISHEHOU,KUYUMEIYOU“DAZONGSHENGYI”,NANYIXUNSUCHENGLANHUBUZAIJINGYEWU。(131)CISHIQIAFENG“LUHANLUHUAGUNANZHAO,YANGZHAINANHAI”,HUBUWEIXUCHOUTIELUYONGKUAN,HUABOGESHENGZHAOXINGUPIAOYIN300WANLIANG。(132)QIZHONGJIANGSUTANPAI56WANLIANG,GUANGDONG48WANLIANG,ZHI1902NIANGESHENGYIHUIJIE215WANLIANGZUOYOU。(133)YOULEQINGTINGDEZHUNXU,SHENGXUANHUAIJIYIZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGXINAGESHENGXIANGYINGDEBOJIE。(134)SHANGHAITUSHUGUANSUOZANGDESHENGXUANHUAIDANGANBAOCUNLEYIXILIEHANZHA,FANYINGCHUGESHENGHUIJIEZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXING,SHENZHIJINGJIAODANGDIFENXINGHUIJIE,ZAIYOUYINXINGWEILUHANTIELUZONGGONGSIDAILIJINGYINGKUANXIANGDEQINGXING(JIANBIAO1)。(135)CHUZHE、WANYIWAIDEDUOSHUCHOUKUANSHENGFENJUNYOUPIAOHAOHUIJIEHUOZHIJIEQIYUNZHISHANGHAIZONGXING,DANYEYOUHEILONGJIANG、KULUNDENGDIDEJIAOKUANZIBEIJINGHAOSHANGQUCHU,ZAIZHUANYOUZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGJINGXINGHUIJIESHANGHAIZONGXING。(136)CONGZHONG,XINSHIYINXINGJIERUYIWANGYOUCHUANTONGPIAOHAOTONGLANZHICAIZHENGYEWUDEQINGXINGKEJIANYIBAN。

 

GEDIJIANGHAOSHANGSUOCUNDEZHAOXINGUPIAOKUANXIANGHUIJIEZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXING,ZONGSHUEYIJIEJINDANGSHIYINXINGDESHISHOUZIBEN250WANLIANGZUOYOU,DUIYUGANGQIBUDEYINXINGSHIYIBIJUKUAN。(137)ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGXUANZEZONGDONGRENXUANDEMINGWENTIAOJIANJIUSHI: “XIANYOUHUBUCUNKUAN,JIANGLAISHANGXULANCUNGESHENGGUANGUANKUAN,BIXUYOUDANYOUSHI,NENGZHANGCHUANZHUXING。”(138)YINXINGDE《DALVEZHANGCHENG》JIANGFAXINGGUOZHAI、HUIDUIJINGWAIBOJIEYUJINGYING“GONGZHONGBEIYONGZHIKUAN”BINGTI,“SHIYIGESHENGFENXINGJIEXULUXUKAISHE”。(139)GEDIFENXINGSHANGWEICHENGLI,YINXINGJIUYIJIJISHOULANCAIZHENGKUANXIANG。1898NIAN3YUE,TIANJINDAORENZHIHUAXIANGSHENGXUANHUAICHENGNUOJIANGHUIDUIBOCUNYEWUJIAOJIJIJIANGCHENGLIDEZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGTIANJINFENXING。(140)5YUE,SHENGXUANHUAIJINGLIHONGZHANGTONGYICHENGDANBUFEN“YUESHENGJINGXIELIANGXIANG”DECHENGJIE。(141)SUIHOU,YINXINGYUPIAOHAOYEJIKAISHILEDUIGUANKUANYEWUDEZHENGDUO,ZHIZHIQINGMO。(142)KEJIANXINJIUJINRONGJIGOUDOUHENZHONGSHIJIERUZHENGFUDECAIZHENGYEWU。

 

AG娱乐网ZAITUIXINGZHAOXINGUPIAODETONGSHI,HUBUSHIJIYIZOUSHANGZISHEYINXINGTONGCHOUCAIZHENGDEDAOLU。(143)ZHENGFUSHIWUZHONG,DUBANYINXINGYISHI“GUANXISHENZHONG”DEYAOWUZHIYI。(144)HUBUZHUSHIWANGFENGWENJIANYILEIJIZHAOXINGUPIAOKUAN,KAISHEGUANBANYINXING,“YIHOUYINXINGTUIGUANGLIPU,YUMINJIDUOCHUGUPIAO”。(145)XINRENGUANGDONGBUZHENGSHICENCHUNXUANYEXIANGZHONGYANGLUCHENSHIWU,TIDAOYOUGUOJIAYINXINGTUOHAIXIJIEMINKUAN,YIHOUGUOZHAIBIANKEYOUYINXINGJINGSHOU,“BUGUIDIFANGGUANLI”。(146)YOURENHAITIAOCHEN“QINGCHIGUANSHENZHIJIN,XUQIJIANGZIBENZAIYINXINGRUGU”。(147)ZHICI,XINSHIYINXINGJINRUGUOJIACAIZHENGTIZHIDELUJINGSHOUCIKAIQI。

 

 

 

AG娱乐网ZAIXIFANGDELISHIJINGYANZHONG,JINDAIGUOJIADECAIZHENGYUNZUO,YOUQISHIGUOZHAIDEFAXINGJINGLI,LIBUKAIZHENGFUYUJINRONGYEDEXIANGHUJIEHE。ZAIJINDAIXIOU,GEGUOGUOZHAICHUXIANYIQIAN,YIJINGYOULEYUGUOJIAGUIMOXIANGSHIYINGQIEJIAOCHENGSHUDEJINRONGYE。(148)ERKONGFEILIZHUYIDAO,ZAIJINDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUANXINGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZISHENCUNZAIZHESANGEJIEGOUXINGDEZHANGQI“YICHENG”。QIZHONGZHIYIBIANBAOKUOGUOJIACAIZHENGXUQIURUHEDUIDIFANGCAIZHENGJINXINGYOUXIAODELIYONGYUXIEDIAO。(149)WANQINGSHIQI,ZHONGGUOMEIYOUCHUXIANZHUANMENDEZHAIQUANJINRONGSHICHANG,DANZHAOXINGUPIAOYUWANQINGHUAZIJINRONGYEDEGUANXIBIAOMING: QINGZHENGFUZAICHOUHUAZHAOXINGUPIAOSHI,YIKAOLVDAOJINRONGJIGOUDEGONGNENG;YUXIFANGBUTONGDESHI,QINGZHENGFUSHITUZIXINGSHELIYINXINGJIGOU,XIEZHUCHULICAIZHENGWENTI。HOULAI,NANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUYIYIZHAOXINGUPIAOWEIZHONGGUONEIZHAIZHIFADUAN。(150)

 

AG娱乐网1900NIANQIANHOUZHONGGUOCHUANTONGJINRONGYEDEQINGXINGFASHENGLEXIANZHUDEBIANHUA。ZHAOXINGUPIAOKAIBANZHISHI,CHUANTONGJINRONGYERENGCHUYUSHANGSHENGSHIQI。ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANG,XINSHIYINXINGDEZIBEN、YEWUYURENSHIHAIYILAIYUYOUYIDINGJICHUDECHUANTONGJINRONGYE。ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGBEIJINGFENXINGZUICHUDE8WANYULIANGCUNKUANZHONGYOU7WANJIYOU“SIHENG”RENYUANXIEZHUZHAOLAI。(151)JINRONGYENEIBUDUIZHAOXINGUPIAOSHANGYOUYILV,RANERCHUANTONGJINRONGYEZAIDIFANGCAIZHENGZHONGDEZHONGYAOXINGQUEZAIZENGQIANG,QIESHIJIRENLINGLEXIANGDANGBILIDEZHAOXINGUPIAO;XINSHIDEZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGZECANYULEGUOZHAIYINKUANDEJINGYINGHEHUIJIE。YOUCI,JINRONGYEYUZHENGFUZHIJIANJICHANSHENGLEXIANGHUDEQIANLEI,YEXINGCHENGLEBICIDEYIKAO,ZHONGGUODECAIZHENGJUSHISHIDEZHEIZHONGYILAIGUANXIYUELAIYUEQIANGLIE。

 

AG娱乐网JINJINYI20SHIJIHUAZIJINRONGYECANYUCAIZHENGDEFAZHANQUXIANGQUPINGXIJIAWUZHIJIHAINIANJIANFASHENGDEBIANHUA,GURANSHIZHIJIANDAN,DANHUSHILIANGZHEZHIJIANDELIANXITONGYANGSHIBUZUQUDE。ZAISHIRENKANLAI,XINSHIYINXINGSHIZAI“LIANGGONGWEIXINPORUI”DEBEIJINGXIASHELIDE。(152)ZHANGYUANJIZAIWUXUBIANFAQIJIANSHANGZHECHENGJIAWUYIHOU,“JICHENRIRIYANLICAI,FANSHANGWUYINXINGTIELUKUANGWUDENGSHI,MOBUYIYIJUXING”。(153)ZAIZHENGCETUILIBEIHOU,QINGTINGJUECECENGDUIYUZHENGGECAIJINGZHIDUDERENZHIYUJUCUOYICONGDANGSHIDELISHIQINGJINGZHONGQULIJIE;QIDUICAIJINGKUNJINGSUOZUODEFANYINGYUZHENGZHIDONGXIANGBUWUGUANLIAN。1905NIANCHU(GUANGXUSANSHINIANMO),YUANSHIKAISHOUBANJINDAIDIFANGGONGZHAI,GONGZHAIZHANGCHENGYUZHAOXINGUPIAOZHANGCHENGDAZHILEISI,ZHUYAODEBUTONGSHIJIARULE“YOUTIANJINGUANYINHAOHUIZONGSHOUFABODUI”YITIAO。(154)TONGNIAN,HUBUYINXINGCHENGLI,SUIJIXIANGQUANGUOTUIXING“GUOMINJUAN”。CIJUBUJUZHAIQUANXINGSHI,DANDUIYINXINGZAIDAIBANYUGUANLISHOUKUANFANGMIANDEZHIDUGUIDINGYIJINGFEICHANGXIZHI。ENGESISHUO: “YIZHONGLISHIYINSUYIDANBEIQITADE、GUIGENDAODISHIJINGJIDEYUANYINZAOCHENGDESHIHOU,TAYEJIUQIZUOYONG,JIUNENGGOUDUITADEHUANJING,SHENZHIDUICHANSHENGTADEYUANYINFASHENGFANZUOYONG。”(155)BIAOMIANKAN,“ZHAOXINGUPIAO”ZHISHI“BUJIUWANYI”DEYINGJIZHICE,DANQIBEIHOU,YIFANGMIANSHIQINGCHAOCAIZHENGZHIDUDEZIAGYULEWANGMIBU,LINGYIFANGMIANSHIJINRONGYECAIZHENGGONGNENGDETUXIAN,ZHEILIANGZHONGRIYIJIASHENDEBIANHUADOUJIDAIXIANGYINGDEZHIDUBIANGENG。TONGGUOSHIBAN“ZHAOXINGUPIAO”,QINGZHENGFUHUOQULEGUANYUJINRONGJIGOUYUGUOJIACAIZHENGGUANXIDECHUBUJINGYAN,ZHEIXIEJIANGZAIGENGZHANGDESHIJIANNEIMANMANFAJIAO,QUZHEXINGCHENGMINGUOSHIQIJINRONGYEYUZHENGFUGONGZHAILIANGZHEZHIJIANDENANJIEGUANXI。

 

BENWENXIEZUOYUXIUGAIZHONG,DEDAOLEFUDANDAXUEWUJINGPINGJIAOSHOUDEZHIDAOHENINGRUSHENG、WANGRUIBOSHIDEBANGZHU,LIANGWEINIMINGSHENGAORENYETICHULEBAOGUIXIUGAIYIJIAN,ZAICIYIBINGZHIXIE。

 

AG娱乐网①ZHONGGUODIYILISHIDANGANGUANBIAN: 《GUANGXUCHAOSHANGYUDANG》DI24CE,GUANGXISHIFANDAXUECHUBANSHE2008NIANBAN,DI18—19YE。

 

AG娱乐网②WANGJINGYURENWEIZHAOXINGUPIAOSHI“ZHONGGUOZHENGFUFAXINGDEDIYIGEJINDAIGONGZHAI”(WANGJINGYUZHUBIAN: 《ZHONGGUOJINDAIJINGJISHI(1895-1927)》ZHONGCE,RENMINCHUBANSHE2000NIANBAN,DI1422YE)。YANGYONGZHANRENWEIZHAOXINGUPIAOSHIQINGZHENGFUWEIHAIQIANZHAIQUEBANTUERFEIDEJUCUO。(YANGYONGZHAN: 《ZHAOXINGUPIAOSHIMO》,《LISHIDANGAN》1990NIANDI1QI,DI134—135YE)ZHOUYUMINZEFENXILEZHAOXINGUPIAODEJIBENXINGZHI、PAIFAFANGSHIYUSHIJICHENGXIAO,RENWEICIJUWEINENGDADAOYUQIXIAOGUO,QUEBAJUYOUSHANGPINJINGJIXINGZHIDEZHAIQUANYUZHAIWUGUANXIYINRUZHONGGUO,JUYOUZHENGMIANYIYI。(ZHOUYUMIN: 《SHILUNXIJIESHANGKUANHEZHAOXINGUPIAO》,《SHANGHAISHIFANDAXUEXUEBAO》1990NIANDI1QI,DI70—74YE;ZHOUYUMIN: 《QINGMONEIZHAIDEJUJIEJIQIHOUGUO》,《XUESHUYUEKAN》1997NIANDI3QI,DI64—70YE)QIHOU,ZHUYINGZHICHUZHAOXINGUPIAOJUYOUJIAOMINGXIANDEJINDAIGONGZHAIDEXINGZHI,DANSHOULIEQIANGDEQINDUOHEGUONEIZIBENZHUYIFAZHANKUNDUNDEZHIYUEBUMIANCHANSHENGBIDUAN。(ZHUYING: 《WANQINGDE“ZHAOXINGUPIAO”》,《JINDAISHIYANJIU》1993NIANDI6QI,DI195—204YE)LIYUDUIZHAOXINGUPIAODEYUANQI、SHEJI、FAXING、TANPAIHEJIEGUODENGZUOLEXIANGXIDESHULI,BINGTICHU“YOUZHIFAWUZHIREN”SHIZHIYUEWANQINGJINGJIGAIGECHENGXIAODEZHONGYAOYINSU,ZHAOXINGUPIAODECHENGBAIZHENGSHIZHEIZHONG“ZHENGZHIXING”DETIXIAN。(LIYU: 《WANQINGZHAOXINGUPIAOFAXINGGUOCHENGLUNLVE》,《JINDAISHIYANJIU》2006NIANDI4QI,DI111—127YE)

 

③“SUODEZHEZIFUGUANZHIRENJIGUANLIKEJIZHIYANDANGGESHANGWAI,SHANGMINMAIPIAOJIHUHANWENZHE。”(SHENGXUANHUAI: 《ZUNZHILICHENNANBEITIELUBANLIQINGXINGZHE》,《YUZHAICUNGAO》DI2JUAN,JIBAOCHENGZHUBIAN: 《QINGDAISHIWENJIHUIBIAN》DI754CE,SHANGHAIGUJICHUBANSHE2010NIANBAN,DI86YE)WAIGUORENSHIDUIQINGTINGMUJINEIZHAIBINGBULEGUAN。(The Chinese National Loan,The North China Herald,Feb.14,1898,p.222)RIBENZHUSHANGHAIZONGLINGSHIXIAOTIANQIEWANSHOUZHIZHURENWEIZHAOXINGUPIAOZHINENGYIKAOGUANCHANGDETANPAICAINENGYOUCHENGXIAO。[《QINGGUOERWUテZHAOXINGUPIAOBUMINGクルGONGZHAIMUJIノJIANERGUANシZAISHANGHAIXIAOTIANQIEERDENGLINGSHIヨリBAOGAOノJIAN》(1898NIAN2YUE8RI),GUOLIGONGWENSHUGUANZANG,アジアLISHIZILIAOセンタYI,NEIGE·GONGWENZAZUAN,A04010040700/5]

 

④ZONGLIYAMENXINGZOUYUANCHANGZOUCHENG: “JINFENGTEZHIZHUNXINGZHAOXINGUPIAOZHENGYUTAIXIJIENEIZHAIZHIGUANJIANXIAOXIXIANGTONGYE。”《YUANTAICHANGWUXUTIAOCHEN》,1902NIANQIANYINBEN,DI25YE。LINGCANJIAN《LIUGUANGDIZHIQINGTANG》(1898NIAN2YUE14RI),《LIUGUANGDIJI》BIANJIZUBIAN: 《LIUGUANGDIJI》,ZHONGHUASHUJU1986NIANBAN,DI282YE。

 

⑤《CHOUBANZHAOXINGUPIAOQINGXINGZHE》(1898NIAN4YUEZHI5YUEJIAN),ZHAODEXINZHUBIAN: 《ZHANGZHIDONGQUANJI》DI3CE,HUBEICHUBANSHE2008NIANBAN,DI483YE。

 

AG娱乐网⑥HUANGSIYONG: 《ZOUQINGTEZAOGUPIAOCHOUJIEHUAKUANSHU》(1898NIAN1YUE30RI),QIANJIAJUBIAN: 《JIUZHONGGUOGONGZHAISHIZILIAO》,ZHONGHUASHUJU1984NIANBAN,DI7YE。

 

⑦《ZOUZHUNZIZAOGUPIAOCHOUJIEHUAKUANSHU》(1898NIAN2YUE4RI),QIANJIAJUBIAN: 《JIUZHONGGUOGONGZHAISHIZILIAO》,DI10YE。

 

⑧《NIDINGJIFAZHAOXINGUPIAOXIANGXIZHANGCHENGSHU》(1898NIAN3YUE2RI),QIANJIAJUBIAN: 《JIUZHONGGUOGONGZHAISHIZILIAO》,DI15YE。

 

AG娱乐网⑨《YIFUZHAOXINGUPIAOLIUBISHENDUOSHU》,QIANJIAJUBIAN: 《JIUZHONGGUOGONGZHAISHIZILIAO》,DI19YE。

 

AG娱乐网⑩SONGHUIZHONG: 《SHANXIPIAOSHANGYUWANQINGCAIZHENG》,ZHONGYANYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUOSHEHUIJINGJISHIZUBIAN: 《CAIZHENGYUJINDAILISHILUNWENJI》,TAIBEI,ZHONGYANYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUO1999NIANBAN,DI386YE;CHENQITIAN: 《SHANXIPIAOZHUANGKAOLVE》,SHANGWUYINSHUGUAN1937NIANBAN,DI98—108YE。

 

(11)《ZHIYIYINGDAJILU》,[RI]ZUOBOYOUYI、TIANZHONGYICHENGBIANZHU: 《RENJINGTIANSHENGBOSHIJIBEIJINGGONGSHANGギルドZILIAOJI(YI)》,DONGJING,DONGJINGDAXUEDONGYANGWENHUAYANJIUSUOFUSHUDONGYANGWENXIANセンタYI1975NIANBAN,DI125YE。

 

AG娱乐网(12)《ZUODOUYUSHIYANXUZOUZHE》(1883NIAN12YUE26RI),ZHONGGUODIYILISHIDANGANGUANZANG,JUNJICHULUFUZOUZHE,ZHUANYINZIZHANGGUOHUI《ZHONGGUOJINRONGTONGSHI》DI2JUAN,ZHONGGUOJINRONGCHUBANSHE2003NIANBAN,DI383YE。

 

(13)LICIMING: 《YUEMANTANGRIJI》DI14CE,1883NIAN12YUE6RI,GUANGLINGSHUSHE2004NIANBAN,DI10101YE。

 

(14)JINGCHENGQITAQIANZHUANGYOUSHITONGGUONEITONGZUOBAOQUDE“SIHENG”DEJUEJIEKUAN,YICIBIANKEDA1500LIANGZHIDUO。(BEIJINGSHIDANGANGUANBIAN: 《NEITONGRIJI》SHANGCE,1898NIAN1YUE19RI,XINHUACHUBANSHE2006NIANBAN,DI263YE)NEITONGCANYUZHIDINGZHANGCHENG,BINGRENLINGZHAOXINGUPIAO2000LIANG。(RENQING、MAZHONGWENZHENGLI: 《ZHANGYINHUANRIJI》,1898NIAN2YUE1RI,SHANGHAISHUDIANCHUBANSHE2004NIANBAN,DI509YE;《NEITONGRIJI》SHANGCE,1898NIAN3YUE25RI,DI269YE)

 

(15)《XIJIESHANGKUANYIYOUCHENGSHUQINGTINGXUJIEZHE》(1895NIAN5YUE4RI),QIANJIAJUBIAN: 《JIUZHONGGUOGONGZHAISHIZILIAO》,DI5YE。

 

(16)《YUNGUIZONGDUSONGFANDENGZHE》(1898NIAN5YUE17RI),ZHONGGUODIYILISHIDANGANGUANBIAN: 《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI82JI,ZHONGHUASHUJU1996NIANBAN,DI818YE;《RENLINGGUPIAO》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN4YUE13RI,DI1BAN。

 

(17)CHENYIJIEZHENGLI: 《WENGTONGHERIJI》DI6CE,1898NIAN5YUE26RI,ZHONGHUASHUJU2006NIANBAN,DI3128YE。

 

AG娱乐网(18)《ZHAOLUNANYANGDACHENLIUHANYU》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN3YUE8RI,DI4BAN。

 

(19)《ZHAYANDAOXINHOU》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN3YUE7RI,DI4BAN。

 

(20)ZHONGGUORENMINYINXINGSHANGHAIFENXINGBIAN: 《SHANGHAIQIANZHUANGSHILIAO》,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE1960NIANBAN,DI594—595、599—600YE。

 

(21)《NIUZHUANGJINSHI》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN3YUE25RI,DI2BAN。

 

(22)《GONGDURUNSANYUEERSHILIURISHANGYUJINZHU》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN5YUE26RI,DI1BAN。

 

(23)CANJIANZHOUYUMIN《SHILUNXIJIESHANGKUANHEZHAOXINGUPIAO》,《SHANGHAISHIFANDAXUEXUEBAO》1990NIANDI1QI,DI72YE。JULIUKUNYICHENSHU,SHIJISHUEKENENGGENGDI。[《ZHAOXINGUPIAOBODILIJINBURUZHIKUANLIUDISHU》(1898NIAN9YUE8RI),QIANJIAJUBIAN: 《JIUZHONGGUOGONGZHAISHIZILIAO》,DI25—27YE]CHUJINRONGYEWAI,JIANGNANDEGEGUANDUSHANGBANQIYEJUNYOURENLING,JINSHANGHAILUNCHUANZHAOSHANGJUJIURENLINGLE54800LIANG。[《ZHONGGUOLUNCHUANZHAOSHANGJUDIERSHIWUJIEZONGJIE》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN4YUE15RI,DI3BAN)DIANBAOJURENLINGLE2WANLIANG。(《ZHAOXINGUPIAOGUDONGXIANGSHENGXUANHUAIWEN》(1898NIAN),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,069841]

 

(24)《SHANGHAIDAOZHIYANYESHIGONGXIN》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN3YUE5RI,DI4BAN。

 

(25)《JICHOUSHANGKUAN》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN5YUE15RI,DI3、4BAN;《QUANLINGGUPIAO》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN5YUE30RI,DI3BAN。

 

AG娱乐网(26)《ZHISHENGXUANHUAIHAN》(1898NIAN3YUE6RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,063394。

 

(27)《□ZHAOZHISHENGXUANHUAIHAN》(1905NIAN9YUE19RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,013425。

 

AG娱乐网(28)FUKANGQIANZHUANGJINGCHANGHUODEPIAOHAOYUWAISHANGYINXINGDECUNKUANZHICHI,QI1905-1907NIANHONGZHANGZHONGSUOHAN“GONGZHAI”TOUZIFENBIEWEI1315、1003、697LIANGYIN。(《SHANGHAIQIANZHUANGSHILIAO》,DI793YE)BIZHEWEINENGZHAODAOGAIXIANGGENGZAODESHILIAO。

 

(29)《XIANGSHENXIANSHUBAOGUO》,《XIANGBAO》DI41HAO,1898NIAN4YUE22RI,DI164YE。

 

(30)PIXIRUI: 《SHIFUTANGRIJI》,1898NIAN4YUE22RI,GUOJIATUSHUGUANCHUBANSHE2009NIANYINGYINBAN,DI139YE。

 

(31)《CHENMINGGUANQIANJUSHANGWULIUBIPIAN》(1897NIAN3YUE1RI),WANGSHUZI、ZHANGQIUHUIBIAN: 《CHENBAOZHENJI》SHANGCE,ZHONGHUASHUJU2003NIANBAN,DI662—664YE;CHENSANLI: 《XIANJUNXINGZHUANG》,《SANYUANJINGSHEWENJI》,TAIBEI,TAIWANZHONGHUASHUJU1966NIANBAN,DI112YE。

 

(32)PIXIRUI: 《SHIFUTANGRIJI》,1898NIAN3YUE31RI,DI94—95YE;ZHUCHANGLIN: 《SHANGCHENBAOZHEN》,WANGSHUZI、ZHANGQIUHUIBIAN: 《CHENBAOZHENJI》SHANGCE,DI700YE。

 

(33)《GUPIAOXIANGSHU》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN4YUE3RI,DI2BAN。

 

(34)《XIANGYUANCHISU》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN5YUE5RI,DI3BAN。

 

(35)《LIAOSHOUFENGZHIWANGKANGNIANHAN》,SHANGHAITUSHUGUANBIAN: 《WANGKANGNIANSHIYOUSHUZHA》DI3CE,SHANGHAIGUJICHUBANSHE1986NIANBAN,DI2833YE;《CHOUJIESHANGKUAN》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN3YUE16RI,DI1BAN。

 

AG娱乐网(36)《CHOUJIESHANGKUANXUWEN》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN4YUE3RI,DI2BAN。

 

(37)《HANGYUANXINZHENG》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN5YUE2RI,DI2BAN。

 

(38)《SHANGHANGXIANZHI》DI1JUAN,1938NIANQIANYINBEN,DI41YE。

 

(39)A Banking Crisis,The North China Herald,Oct.31,1898,p.815.

 

(40)《YUNMIANDIANJUAN》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN6YUE11RI,DI3BAN。

 

(41)《HENANXUNFULIUSHUTANGZHE》(1898NIAN11YUE12RI),《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI82JI,DI899—900YE。

 

(42)《JIANGXIXUNFUDESHOUZHE》(1898NIAN4YUE3RI),ZHONGGUODIYILISHIDANGANGUANBIAN: 《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI76JI,ZHONGHUASHUJU1996NIANBAN,DI796YE。

 

AG娱乐网(43)《HUJIANGXIXUNFUWENGCENGGUIWEIHUIJIELUHANTIELUYONGKUANYOUZHE》(1898NIAN10YUE11RI),TAIBEIGUGONGBOWUYUANBIAN: 《GONGZHONGDANGGUANGXUCHAOZOUZHE》DI12JI,TAIBEI,“GUOLIGUGONGBOWUYUAN”1974NIANBAN,DI234YE;《SHENGXUANHUAIZHITIELUZONGGONGSI》(1898NIAN11YUE5RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,091831/3。

 

(44)《GANGYIZOUCHAHUJIAZHENBEICANGEKUANYOUZHE》(1899NIAN7YUE23RI),TAIBEIGUGONGBOWUYUANBIAN: 《GONGZHONGDANGGUANGXUCHAOZOUZHE》DI13JI,TAIBEI,“GUOLIGUGONGBOWUYUAN”1974NIANBAN,DI21YE。

 

AG娱乐网(45)《MENGYINXIANZHI》DI2JUAN,1911NIANSHAIYINCHAOBEN,WUYEMA。

 

(46)HUANGSIYONG: 《ZOUQINGTEZAOGUPIAOCHOUJIEHUAKUANSHU》(1898NIAN1YUE30RI),QIANJIAJUBIAN: 《JIUZHONGGUOGONGZHAISHIZILIAO》,DI7YE。

 

(47)《NIDINGJIFAZHAOXINGUPIAOXIANGXIZHANGCHENGSHU》(1898NIAN2YUE19RI),QIANJIAJUBIAN: 《JIUZHONGGUOGONGZHAISHIZILIAO》,DI16YE。

 

(48)《CHENJINTAOZHIWANGKANGNIANHAN》,SHANGHAITUSHUGUANBIAN: 《WANGKANGNIANSHIYOUSHUZHA》DI2CE,SHANGHAIGUJICHUBANSHE1986NIANBAN,DI2083YE;《SHENGXUANHUAIFUWANGJUNMUHAN》(1902NIAN),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,060788/3。

 

AG娱乐网(49)Abstract of Peiking Gazette,The North China Herald,Jan.17,1900,p.98.

 

(50)《CHENMINGKANZHISHENGXUANHUAIHAN》(GUANGXUERSHIJIUNIAN),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,042178。

 

(51)“QINGJIZHUANYICIXIANGGUPIAODIJUANZHIGUAN,YINZHIQIJIADAANG,HUOLIBEIXI。”YANGYINFANG: 《QUANMUNEIGUOGONGZHAILUN》,《XINGCHENGXIANZHI》DI15JUAN,1927NIANQIANYINBEN,DI91YE。

 

AG娱乐网(52)《ZHONGWAIJINSHI》,TIANJIN《DAGONGBAO》,1902NIAN9YUE6RI,DI4BAN;《SHISHIXINWEN》,TIANJIN《DAGONGBAO》,1902NIAN10YUE6RI,DI3BAN。

 

(53)WANGJINGYUZHUBIAN: 《ZHONGGUOJINDAIJINGJISHI(1895-1927)》ZHONGCE,RENMINCHUBANSHE2000NIANBAN,DI1298、1335YE。

 

AG娱乐网(54)《YUSHENMINLINGXINGRENDINGZHAOXINGUPIAORUYOUWULICUOJIAOZHEJIZHUYILVTINGSHOUYISHITIXUERDURAOLEI》(1899NIAN12YUE30RI),QIANJIAJUBIAN: 《JIUZHONGGUOGONGZHAISHIZILIAO》,DI28YE。

 

AG娱乐网(55)LIUJINZAO: 《HUANGCHAOXUWENXIANTONGKAO》DI363JUAN,GUTINGLONG: 《XUXIUSIKUQUANSHU·SHIBU》DI820CE,SHANGHAIGUJICHUBANSHE2002NIANBAN,DI493YE。

 

(56)LIANGHUAIYANYUNSHIGAOJIEYANSHANGBUDEJIECITUOYAN: “BENYINGZUNZHAOXIANCHIJIANGZUNAOZHISHANGZHONGFA,GUNIANNIANLAIJUANKUAN,SHANGSHUJIGONG,TEZAIXIANSANRINEIXUNJIYIFU,RUSHURENJIAO,LIHOUHUIBAO。TANGZAISHICIYUYAN,DINGJIANGZUNAOZHISHANGZUNCHIYIFA,JUEBUGUKUAN。”《KAIQIEPISHI》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN3YUE12RI,DI2BAN。

 

(57)《HUAISHANGLINGPIAOZHANGCHENG》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN6YUE13RI,DI9BAN;《LIANGJIANGZONGDUGUANLILIANGHUAIYANZHENGLIUKUNYIZHE》(1899NIAN12YUE27RI),《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI76JI,DI76YE。

 

AG娱乐网(58)《DIANJIEPIAOYIN》,《SHENBAO》,1899NIAN12YUE31RI,DI2BAN。

 

(59)ZHONGGUODIYILISHIDANGANGUANBIAN: 《QINGTINGQIANYI〈XIAOBINLUKANGYI〉DANGANHUIBIAN》DI2CE,XIANZHUANGSHUJU2008NIANBAN,DI501YE。

 

AG娱乐网(60)《CUIJIAOYAOXU》,《SHENBAO》,1900NIAN10YUE6RI,DI2BAN。

 

(61)《TINGJUANCUIJIANG》,《SHENBAO》,1901NIAN9YUE29RI,DI2BAN。

 

(62)LIUKUNYI: 《HUAIBEIGESHANGMIANJUANCHANGNIANPIAOBENPIAN》(1899NIAN),《LIUKUNYIZOUSHU》XIACE,YUELUSHUSHE2013NIANBAN,DI1303YE。

 

AG娱乐网(63)《WUCHENGHONGYE》,《SHENBAO》,1900NIAN1YUE10RI,DI2BAN。

 

(64)《HUIYIPAIPIAO》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN3YUE14RI,DI1BAN。

 

(65)《ZHANGRENJUNZHISHENGXUANHUAIHAN》(1898NIAN5YUE18RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,092738。

 

(66)《LIANGGUANGZONGDUTANZHONGLINDENGZHE》(1898NIAN8YUE1RI),《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI82JI,DI856YE。

 

AG娱乐网(67)《FENCHOUGUPIAO》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN6YUE2RI,DI2BAN。

 

AG娱乐网(68)《CHOUHAIYINKUAN》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN6YUE14RI,DI9BAN。

 

(69)《ZHUHAITAOSHENG》,《SHENBAO》,1904NIAN3YUE18RI,DI9BAN。

 

AG娱乐网(70)《YUESHENGGUANCHANGJISHI》,《SHENBAO》,1902NIAN2YUE21RI,DI12BAN。

 

(71)Madeleine Zelin,The Merchants of Zigong:Industrial Entrepreneurship in Early Modern China(New York:Columbia University Press,2005),pp.26,78,195,284—286.

 

(72)《BIANTONGCHUANYANSHUITIAOCHEN》(1899NIAN4YUE11RI),ZHAODEXINDENGBIAN: 《ZHANGZHIDONGQUANJI》DI6CE,HUBEICHUBANSHE2008NIANBAN,DI219YE。

 

AG娱乐网(73)《CHUANJUBANLIZHAOXINGUPIAOZHANGCHENG》,《SHUXUEBAO》1898NIANDI3QI,DI18YE。

 

AG娱乐网(74)Chungking:Banking facilities,The North China Herald,Jan 23,1899,p.114.

 

(75)《SICHUANZONGDUKUISHAZHE》(1900NIAN2YUE1RI),ZHONGGUODIYILISHIDANGANGUANBIAN: 《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI89JI,ZHONGHUASHUJU1996NIANBAN,DI68YE。

 

AG娱乐网(76)《SHUDUKUIZOUWEICHUANSHENGSHENSHANGSHISHURENJIEZHAOXINGUPIAOYINLIANGQINGYINBAOXIAOQINGFENBIEGUANGEJIJIANGZHE》,《SHENBAO》,1900NIAN4YUE7RI,DI14BAN。

 

AG娱乐网(77)《ZHILIZONGDUJIANGUANZHANGLUYANZHENGYULUZHE》(1899NIAN1YUE4RI),《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI76JI,DI7YE。

 

(78)HUANGJIANHUIDENGBIAN: 《SHANXIPIAOHAOSHILIAO》,SHANXIJINGJICHUBANSHE2002NIANBAN,DI301YE。

 

AG娱乐网(79)《ZHILIZONGDUWANGWENSHAOPIAN》(1897NIAN7YUE31RI),《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI82JI,DI656YE。

 

(80)《ZHILIZONGDUJIANGUANZHANGLUYANZHENGYULUZHE》(1899NIAN4YUE17RI),《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI76JI,DI35YE;YUANYINGGUANG、HUFENGXIANGZHENGLI: 《WANGWENSHAORIJI》XIACE,1898NIAN5YUE1RI,DI995YE。

 

AG娱乐网(81)《QINGGUOGONGZHAIZHIGAO》(1909NIAN),WAIWUSHENGWAIJIAOSHILIAOGUANZANG,アジアLISHIZILIAOセンタYI,WAIWUSHENGJILU,B/16;ZHOUYUMIN: 《SHILUNXIJIESHANGKUANHEZHAOXINGUPIAO》,《SHANGHAISHIFANDAXUEXUEBAO》1990NIANDI1QI,DI72YE。

 

(82)SHIZHIHONG: 《QINGDAIHUBUYINKUSHOUZHIHEKUCUNTONGJI》,FUJIANRENMINCHUBANSHE2009NIANBAN,DI270—271YE。

 

(83)《HUIJIEZHAOXINGUPIAOYINLIANGBOBUESHENGLIJINPIAN》(1898NIAN9YUE14RI),ZHONGGUODIYILISHIDANGANGUANBIAN: 《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI88JI,ZHONGHUASHUJU1996NIANBAN,DI652YE。

 

AG娱乐网(84)《SHENGXUANHUAIZHATIELUZONGGONGSISHOUZHICHU》(1898NIAN11YUE2RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,091831/2。

 

AG娱乐网(85)《MINZHEZONGDUBIANBAOQUANPIAN》(1898NIAN10YUE9RI),《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI82JI,DI879YE。

 

(86)《CHENGDOUJIANGJUNJIANSHUSICHUANZONGDUGONGSHOUZOUWENZUNZHICHOUBANZHAOXINGUPIAODAGAIQINGXINGJIGUANKUANSHUMUYUANYOU》(1898NIAN5YUE5RI),TAIBEIGUGONGBOWUYUANZANG,GONGZHONGDANGZOUZHE,408011981;《SHENGXUANHUAIZHATIELUZONGGONGSISHOUZHICHU》(1899NIAN1YUE1RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,091831/20。

 

(87)《SICHUANZONGDUKUIJUNPIAN》(1899NIAN9ZHI10YUEJIAN),ZHONGGUODIYILISHIDANGANGUANBIAN: 《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI83JI,ZHONGHUASHUJU1996NIANBAN,DI130YE;《SICHUANZONGDUKUIJUNPIAN》(1899NIAN3ZHI4YUEJIAN),《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI83JI,DI16YE。

 

(88)CHENKUILONG: 《YONGSOUBIANNIANLU》,BEIJINGTUSHUGUANBIAN: 《BEIJINGTUSHUGUANZANGZHENBENNIANPUCONGKAN》DI187CE,BEIJINGTUSHUGUANCHUBANSHE1999NIANBAN,DI57YE。

 

AG娱乐网(89)《ZHEJIANGXUNFULIUSHUTANGPIAN》(1899NIAN5YUE8RI)、《ZHEJIANGXUNFULIAOSHOUFENGFUPIAN》(1898NIAN11YUE4RI),《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI88JI,DI806、685YE。

 

(90)《YUZHEHUICUN》DI6CE,TAIBEI,WENHAICHUBANSHE1967NIANYINGYINBAN,DI3693YE。

 

(91)《HUIJIEGUANGXUNIANERNIANRENHAIYANGKUANJICIHOUZHUOLIANGHUATIZHE》(1897NIAN3YUE1RI),WANGSHUZI、ZHANGQIUHUIBIAN: 《CHENBAOZHENJI》SHANGCE,DI378YE。

 

AG娱乐网(92)LAIHUIMINTANTAOLEKULUNDANGDIGUIZU、YAMENYUDANGDIHAOSHANG、JINGBANGSHANGRENJIANDEJIEDAIGUANXI。DANGDICHASHANG“YINSHIZHESHUSHULIAOLIAOWUJI”,KULUNGUIZUBAOXIAODE20WANLIANGZHAOXINGUPIAOHUOYUHAOSHANGGUANXIMIQIE。LAIHUIMIN: 《QINGDAIKULUNSHANGZHUOTEBAYAMENYUSHANGHAO》,《ZHONGYANGYANJIUYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUOJIKAN》DI84QI,2013NIAN3YUE,DI27、35—47YE。

 

(93)LIUGUANGJING: 《WANQINGDUFUQUANLIWENTISHANGQUE》,《JINGSHISIXIANGYUXINXINGQIYE》,TAIBEI,LIANJINGCHUBANSHIYEGONGSI1990NIANBAN,DI292—293YE。

 

(94)“DUZHIKUNJIONG,GESHIBINGYUTINGBA,BUZHIRUHELEYE。”CHENQINGNIAN: 《HENGSHANXIANGRENRIJI》,1898NIAN3YUE9RI,ZHUANGJIANPINGZHUBIAN: 《JINDAISHIZILIAOWENKU》DI1JUAN,SHANGHAISHUDIANCHUBANSHE2009NIANBAN,DI261YE;《HEDEZHIJINDENGGAN》(1897NIAN10YUE17RI),CHENXIAFEIZHUBIAN: 《ZHONGGUOHAIGUANMIDANG——HEDE、JINDENGGANHANDIANHUIBIAN(1874-1907)》DI6JUAN,ZHONGHUASHUJU1995NIANBAN,DI754YE。

 

(95)ZHANGYINHUAN: 《YUKAIER》,CAOCHUNLIANG、LINRUIXUANBIAN: 《ZHANGYINHUANSHIWENZHENBENJIKAN》,SHANGHAIGUJICHUBANSHE2013NIANBAN,DI531YE。

 

(96)HEHANWEI: 《QINGJIZHONGYANGYUGESHENGCAIZHENGGUANXIDEFANSI》,《ZHONGYANGYANJIUYUANLISHIYUYANYANJIUSUOJIKAN》DI72BENDI3FEN,2001NIAN,DI597—682YE。

 

AG娱乐网(97)[MEI]YUESEFU·R.SITELEIYEZHU,HUAJIADENGYI: 《XIANDAIGUOJIADEQIYUAN》,GEZHICHUBANSHE、SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE2010NIANBAN,DI15、20—21、26—27YE。

 

(98)BIRUHUBUYUHAIGUANZONGSHUIWUSIHEDEXIEZUO,YOUZHENGSHUINENGLITUCHUDEZONGSHUIWUSIDAIZHENGSUZHOUDENGNANFANGQICHULISHUI,YONGYUDIHAIYINGDEXUJIEKUAN;ERYUANGESHENGLIJINSUOZHIKUANXIANG,YOUGEDIMUJIZHAOXINGUPIAO237.7WANLIANGYUQITAXIANGXIANG,GONGJI500WANLIANGBUZU。CANJIANRENQING、MAZHONGWENZHENGLI《ZHANGYINHUANRIJI》,1898NIAN5YUE19RI,DI534—535YE;《LIANGJIANGZONGDULIUKUNYIDENGZHE》(1898NIAN7YUE29RI),《GUANGXUCHAOZHUPIZOUZHE》DI88JI,DI618—619YE;《XINGHUBUZOUBOBUGESHENGLIJINDIJIEYANGKUANZHEFUDAN》(1898NIAN7YUE18RI),ZHAODEXINZHUBIAN《ZHANGZHIDONGQUANJI》DI6CE,DI145—146YE。YOUBIRU,ZAITIELUCHOUKUANWENTISHANG,QINGTINGTEBIERENMINGSHENGXUANHUAI、HUYUFEN、XUJINGCHENGDENGWEIDUBANTIELUDACHENXIANGDIFANGCHOUCUOZHUANKUAN,JINLUJINTIELUYIXIANG,GEDIBEIPOJIEJIAOZHAOXINGUPIAOKUANJIYOU196.54WANLIANG。《HUBUQIANBOZHAOXINGUPIAOTIELUKUANERBAIWANLIANGANZHAOWULIXIJIEKURENGZHAOCHENGANJIEQIHAIBENYOU》(1899NIAN6YUE16RI),TAIBEIZHONGYANYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUODANGANGUANZANG,ZONGLIGEGUOSHIWUYAMENDANGAN,01/10/003/07/008。

 

AG娱乐网(99)《GUPIAOSHEJU》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN8YUE13RI,DI2BAN;QIANJIAJUBIAN: 《JIUZHONGGUOGONGZHAISHIZILIAO》,DI14YE。

 

(100)《HUBUZHAOXINJUZHANGCHENG》,《YIWENLU》DI1767QI,1898NIAN,DI171YE;《GUPIAOKAIJU》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN6YUE16RI,DI9BAN。1899NIANJINGCHENGDEZHAOXINJUZUIZHONGGAIWEIGUANQIANJUXIEZHUHUBULICAI,“FANLINGFENGXIANG,JUNDACHAOPIAOWUCHENGJIKE,CHIPIAOXIANGGUANQIANJUZHILING”。《GUOSHI》(1899NIAN6YUE21RI),ZHONGSHANDAXUETUSHUGUANBIAN: 《HUIBAO(1898-1910)》DI3CE,GUANGDONGJIAOYUCHUBANSHE2012NIANYINGYINBAN,DI47YE。

 

AG娱乐网(101)LISUI、LIHONGLINGZHU,HUANGJIANHUIXIAOZHU: 《JINYOURIJI·TONGZHOUZHONGGAO·SHANXIPIAOSHANGCHENGBAIJI》,SHANXIRENMINCHUBANSHE1989NIANBAN,DI204YE;ZHANGGUOHUI: 《ZHONGGUOJINRONGTONGSHI》DI2JUAN,DI385、417—418、421YE。

 

(102)LIUKUNYI: 《HUAISHANGYAOMIANSUIJUANRENGZHUNXUNHUANZHUANYUNZHE》(1899NIAN12YUE22RI),《LIUKUNYIZOUSHU》XIACE,DI1284YE。

 

(103)《YIFUZHAOXINGUPIAOLIUBISHENDUOSHU》(1898NIAN),QIANJIAJUBIAN: 《JIUZHONGGUOGONGZHAISHIZILIAO》,DI18YE。

 

(104)《YUANWAILANGBINJUNYIYINGENTAIJINQINGHUANBANZHAOXINGUPIAOCHENG》(1898NIAN2YUE22RI),WENGWANGEJI: 《WENGTONGHEWENXIANCONGBIANZHIYI: XINZHENG·BIANFA》,TAIBEI,YIWENYINSHUGUAN1998NIANBAN,DI195YE。

 

(105)《ZOUWEIQIANGLINRIBIJIYILIANBINGCHOUXIANGJINCHENGUANJIANZHE》(1900NIAN3YUE14RI),ZHAOCHUNCHENDENGXIAODIAN: 《WANGZHICHUNJI》,YUELUSHUSHE2010NIANBAN,DI8YE。

 

AG娱乐网(106)《GUANGXUCHAOSHANGYUDANG》DI24CE,DI591、595YE;HUANGJUNZHU,LIJIKUIZHENGLI: 《HUASUIRENSHENGANZHIYI》SHANGCE,ZHONGHUASHUJU2008NIANBAN,DI297—298YE。

 

(107)《CHENCHIGUANYUSHELIGUANLIYINXINGDETIAOCHEN》(1896NIAN11YUE15RI),XIEJUNMEIBIAN: 《ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXING》,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE2000NIANBAN,DI10YE。

 

(108)HUANGJIANHUIDENGBIAN: 《SHANXIPIAOHAOSHILIAO》,DI786YE。YANXINHOUYUDIFANGGUANFUSIJIAOSHENMI,WANGKANGNIANCHENGQI“ZHANRANGUANQISHENZHONG”。(《YANXIURIJI》DI2CE,1898NIAN3YUE8RI、10RI,NANKAIDAXUECHUBANSHE2001NIANBAN,DI1002—1003YE;WANGKANGNIAN: 《WANGRANGQINGBIJI》,ZHONGHUASHUJU2007NIANBAN,DI28YE。)YANSHIZHIBEIYIGUANLIZHESHANGHAIDEYUANTONGGUANYINHAO,GAIHAOXIANHOUJINGYINGLESHANGHAIDEXIJIESHANGKUANYUZHAOXINGUPIAO,SHANGHAIDEWAIGUORENDOUZHIDAOYANSHIDEJINRONGYEDIWEI。(《CHOUXIANGXIANSHENG》,《SHENBAO》,1894NIAN11YUE21RI,DI3BAN;《XIANSHIZHAODENG》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN5YUE4RI,DI9BAN;National Debt,The North China Herald,Jun 12,1899,p.53)

 

AG娱乐网(109)《ZHAOLUNANYANGDACHENLIUDIANYU》,《SHENBAO》,1898NIAN3YUE7RI,DI3、4BAN。

 

AG娱乐网(110)《YANXINHOUZHISHENGXUANHUAIHAN》(1898NIAN4YUE29RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,032242。

 

(111)《WENGTONGHEZHIZHANGYINHUANHAN》(1895NIAN5YUE25RI),ZHAOPINGJIANSHI: 《WENGTONGHESHUXINJIANSHI》,ZHONGXISHUJU2014NIANBAN,DI88YE。

 

(112)CHENYIJIEZHENGLI: 《WENGTONGHERIJI》DI5CE,DI2795、2817—2918、2941、2945、2861、2899YE;DI6CE,DI2993—2994YE。

 

(113)《JIANGSUTEYONGDAORONGHONGQINGFANGTAIXIGEGUOXIANZHAOSHANGGUZHAOZHANGSHIBANYINXINGCHENGBINGFUBANLIGUOJIAYINXINGDAZHIZHANGCHENGSHITIAO》(1896NIAN3YUE27RI),《WENGTONGHEWENXIANCONGBIANZHIYI: XINZHENG·BIANFA》,DI156—157YE;RONGHONG: 《JIKAIYINXINGZONGGANGSITIAO》,《QINGDAI(WEIKAN)SHANGYUZOUSHUGONGDUDIANWENHUIBIAN》DI24CE,QUANGUOTUSHUGUANWENXIANSUOWEIFUZHIZHONGXIN2010NIANBAN,DI11151—11161YE。

 

(114)《JIANGSUTEYONGDAORONGHONGCHUANGBANYINXINGCANFANGXILIZHUONIZHANGCHENGSISHITIAOZHE》(1896NIAN5YUE),《WENGTONGHEWENXIANCONGBIANZHIYI: XINZHENG·BIANFA》,DI164YE。

 

AG娱乐网(115)《ZHAOXINPIAOKAITONGYOUYIZHONGGUOLUN》,《SHUXUEBAO》1898NIANDI7QI,DI34—41YE。

 

AG娱乐网(116)《SHELIYINXINGYI》ZHI“WENGTONGHESHOUPI”,《WENGTONGHEWENXIANCONGBIANZHIYIXINZHENG·BIANFA》,DI164YE。

 

(117)WANGJINGYUZHUBIAN: 《ZHONGGUOJINDAIJINGJISHI(1895-1927)》XIACE,DI2187—2189YE;ZHANGGUOHUI: 《ZHONGGUOJINRONGTONGSHI》DI2JUAN,DI299—301YE。

 

AG娱乐网(118)CHENYIJIEZHENGLI: 《WENGTONGHERIJI》DI5CE,1896NIAN11YUE12RI,DI2949YE。

 

AG娱乐网(119)《GUOZIJIANSIYEHUANGSIYONGZHE》(1897NIAN5YUE10RI),ZHONGGUODIYILISHIDANGANGUANBIAN: 《QINGDAIJUNJICHUSUISHOUDENGJIDANG》DI147CE,GUOJIATUSHUGUANCHUBANSHE2013NIANBAN,DI31—32YE。

 

(120)ZHAODEXINZHUBIAN: 《ZHANGZHIDONGQUANJI》DI9CE,HUBEICHUBANSHE2008NIANBAN,DI223—224、231、233—234、238YE。

 

(121)《BEIYANGDACHENZHILIZONGDUWANGWENSHAODENGZOUCHENZUNZHIHEYIYINXINGLIBINIQINGRENGGUISHANGBANBINGYOUNANBEIYANGJICHAYIBAOLIQUAN》(1897NIAN7YUE14RI),TAIBEIGUGONGBOWUYUANZANG,JUNJICHUDANGZHEJIAN,140111。

 

(122)《QINGSHILU》DI57CE,ZHONGHUASHUJU2008NIANBAN,DI60205YE。

 

(123)《FATAICHANGSISHAOQINGSHENGXUANHUAIDIAN》(1897NIAN4YUE18RI),ZHONGGUODIYILISHIDANGANGUANBIAN: 《QINGDAIJUNJICHUDIANBAODANGHUIBIAN》DI25CE,ZHONGGUORENMINDAXUECHUBANSHE2005NIANBAN,DI83—84YE。

 

(124)《SHANGHAIQUDIAN》(1897NIAN4YUE21RI),XIEJUNMEIBIAN: 《ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXING》,DI540YE;《JINLIANGJINGHEQUDIAN》(1898NIAN4YUE25RI),XIEJUNMEIBIAN: 《ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXING》,DI573YE。

 

(125)《YINXINGDONGSHIZHUONIZHANGCHENGSISHITIAO》(1896NIAN11YUE),XIEJUNMEIBIAN: 《ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXING》,DI30YE。

 

(126)《YIFUZHAOXINGUPIAOLIUBISHENDUOSHU》,QIANJIAJUBIAN: 《JIUZHONGGUOGONGZHAISHIZILIAO》,DI20YE。

 

(127)《FENGXIAOGAOZHISHENGXUANHUAIHAN》(1898NIAN12YUE16RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,022921;《SHENGXUANHUAIZHIFENGZHIXIANHAN》(1897NIAN1YUE5RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,015823/20。

 

(128)SHENGXUANHUAI: 《CHOUBANZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGCIDIKAISHEQINGXINGZHE》,《YUZHAICUNGAO》DI2JUAN,JIBAOCHENGZHUBIAN: 《QINGDAISHIWENJIHUIBIAN》DI754CE,DI84—85YE。DIGAOJIANXIEJUNMEIBIAN《ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXING》,DI113—115YE。

 

AG娱乐网(129)QINGHUADAXUELISHIXIBIAN: 《WUXUBIANFAWENXIANZILIAOXIRI》,SHANGHAISHUDIANCHUBANSHE1998NIANBAN,DI778YE。

 

(130)《SHENGXUANHUAIZHILIANGSHAOXIANGHAN》(1898NIAN3YUE1RI),XIEJUNMEIBIAN: 《ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXING》,DI110YE。

 

(131)《FENGXIAOGAOZHISHENGXUANHUAIHAN》(1898NIAN7YUE4RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,061139/29。

 

AG娱乐网(132)《WUXUBIANFAWENXIANZILIAOXIRI》,DI584YE;《KENQINGCHIBOGESHENGQIANKUANPIAN》(1899NIAN10YUE3RI),ZHAODEXINZHUBIAN: 《ZHANGZHIDONGQUANJI》DI3CE,DI533YE。

 

(133)《JIHUBU》,《YUZHAICUNGAO》JUAN33,DI777YE;《LUBAOTIELUGONGJUNXIANJIANGGUANKUANZAOXIAOZHE》,《YUZHAICUNGAO》DI6JUAN,JIBAOCHENGZHUBIAN: 《QINGDAISHIWENJIHUIBIAN》DI754CE,DI193YE。

 

AG娱乐网(134)《WUXUBIANFAWENXIANZILIAOXIRI》,DI584YE。

 

(135)《SHENGXUANHUAIZHATIELUZONGGONGSISHOUZHICHU》,SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,091831。

 

(136)《SHENGXUANHUAIZHATIELUZONGGONGSISHOUZHICHU》(1899NIAN2YUE10RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,092503/1;《SHENGXUANHUAIZHATIELUZONGGONGSISHOUZHICHU》(1899NIAN2YUE22RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,091831/28;《SHENGXUANHUAIZHATIELUZONGGONGSISHOUZHICHU》(1899NIAN4YUE27RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,091831/29。

 

(137)ZHONGGUORENMINYINXINGSHANGHAISHIFENXINGJINRONGYANJIUSHIBIAN: 《ZHONGGUODIYIJIAYINXING》,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUECHUBANSHE1982NIANBAN,DI114YE。

 

(138)《ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGDONGSHIZHANGCHENG》(1896NIAN),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,004446。

 

(139)《ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXINGDALVEZHANGCHENG》(1897NIAN1YUE26RI),XIEJUNMEIBIAN: 《ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXING》,DI30YE。

 

AG娱乐网(140)《RENZHIHUAZHISHENGXUANHUAIHAN》(1898NIAN3YUE27RI),XIEJUNMEIBIAN: 《ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXING》,DI112YE。

 

(141)《SHENGXUANHUAIZHIWANGTONGXIEHAN》(1898NIAN5YUE29RI),XIEJUNMEIBIAN: 《ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXING》,DI112YE。

 

AG娱乐网(142)《DAICHUNRONGDENGZHISHENGXUANHUAIHAN》(1898NIAN11YUE9RI),XIEJUNMEIBIAN: 《ZHONGGUOTONGSHANGYINXING》,DI120YE;HUANGJIANHUIDENGBIAN: 《SHANXIPIAOHAOSHILIAO》,DI383—393YE。

 

AG娱乐网(143)《ZUNZHIFUYIYIKETANGAQINGXINGCHAOFA、KAISHEYINXINGYISHIZHE》(1898NIAN5YUE31RI),XIEJUNMEIBIAN: 《WENGTONGHEJI》,ZHONGHUASHUJU2005NIANBAN,DI199YE。

 

AG娱乐网(144)ZHONGGUODIYILISHIDANGANGUANBIAN: 《QINGTINGQIANYI〈XIAOBINLUKANGYI〉DANGANHUIBIAN》DI10CE,XIANZHUANGSHUJU2008NIANBAN,DI4196YE。

 

AG娱乐网(145)《HUBUZHUSHIWANGFENGWENCHENG》(1898NIAN9YUE4RI),GUOJIADANGANJUMINGQINGDANGANGUANBIAN: 《WUXUBIANFADANGANSHILIAO》,ZHONGHUASHUJU1958NIANBAN,DI428—429YE。

 

(146)《GUANGDONGBUZHENGSHICENCHUNXUANZHE》(1898NIAN9YUE12RI),《WUXUBIANFADANGANSHILIAO》,DI94—95YE。

 

AG娱乐网(147)ZHUANYINZIMAOHAIJIAN《WUXUBIANFASHISHIKAOCHUJI》,DI244YE。

 

AG娱乐网(148)[RI]FUTIANJUNJIZHU,PENGXIDENGYI: 《GUOZHAIDELISHI——NINGJIEZAILILVZHONGDEGUOQUYUWEILAI》,NANJINGDAXUECHUBANSHE2011NIANBAN,DI43—45、96—99、109—110、117YE;[DE]MAKESI·WEIBOZHU,YAOCENGYUYI,WEISENXIAODING: 《JINGJITONGSHI》,SHANGHAISANLIANSHUDIAN2006NIANBAN,DI175—176、165—166YE。

 

(149)[MEI]KONGFEILIZHU,CHENJIAN、CHENZHIHONGYI: 《ZHONGGUOXIANDAIGUOJIADEQIYUAN》,SHENGHUO·DUSHU·XINZHISANLIANSHUDIAN2013NIANBAN,DI2、118—120YE。

 

(150)GUOMINZHENGFUCAIZHENGZHENGLIWEIYUANHUI: 《ZHENGLIZHAIWUANJINXINGGAIYAO》(1928NIAN6YUE),CAIZHENGKEXUEYANJIUSUO、ZHONGGUODIERLISHIDANGANGUANBIAN: 《MINGUOWAIZHAIDANGANSHILIAO》DI1JUAN,DANGANCHUBANSHE1990NIANBAN,DI408YE。

 

(151)《FENGXIAOGAOZHISHENGXUANHUAIHAN》(1898NIAN7YUE26RI),SHANGHAITUSHUGUANZANG,SHENGXUANHUAIDANGAN,061139/10。

 

AG娱乐网(152)《ZHANGJIGUANGZHIWANGKANGNIANHAN》,《WANGKANGNIANSHIYOUSHUZHA》DI2CE,DI1784YE。

 

(153)《DAIZONGLIYAMENZHANGJINGZHANGYUANJIZHE》(1898NIAN9YUE5RI),KONGXIANGJIBIANZHU: 《KANGYOUWEIBIANFAZOUZHANGJIKAO》,BEIJINGTUSHUGUANCHUBANSHE2008NIANBAN,DI454YE。

 

(154)《TIANJINYINXINGDAIBANZHILIGONGZHAIZHANGCHENG》(1905NIAN1YUE23RI),《GUOJIATUSHUGUANZANGQINGDAIGUBENNEIGELIUBUDANGANXUBIAN》DI48CE,QUANGUOTUSHUGUANWENXIANSUOWEIFUZHIZHONGXIN2005NIANBAN,DI21824YE。

 

AG娱乐网(155)《ENGESIZHIFULANCI·MEILIN》(1893NIAN7YUE14RI),ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGMAKESIENGESILIENINGSIDALINZHUZUOBIANYIJUBIANYI: 《MAKESIENGESIXUANJI》DI4JUAN,RENMINCHUBANSHE2012NIANBAN,DI644YE。

 



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