AG娱乐网

||||
今天是:
登录  注册  找回密码
繁体中文 | |   

此页面上的内容需要较新版本的 Adobe Flash Player。

您现在的位置: AG娱乐网 >>专题研究>>社会文化史>>正文内容
社会文化史 【字体:

LIJUNLING: SHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUDEPINGJINGYUWEILAIZOUXIANG

作者: 文章来源:AG娱乐网

摘要: AG娱乐网梁景和等著《现代中国社会文化嬗变研究(1919—1949)——以婚姻·家庭·妇女·性伦·娱乐为中心》一书,从实证研究到理论探索,既体现了中国近代社会文化史研究的新进展,也反映了该领域研究遭遇的瓶颈问题。其实证研究部分的困境主要表现为以下几点:一是缺少别致的好故事;二是在范式上缺少“社会文化史”研究的意识,仍未自觉走出现代化与革命史范式的影响;三是学术史回顾的功课有待深入。该书的理论探索富有前瞻性,对于社会文化史研究突破当前的瓶颈确有启发意义。沿着该书的理论思考方向,将“日常生活”建构为社会文化史特色的历史诠释体系,或为该领域研究未来的可能走向。

 

关键词: 社会文化 社会文化史 现代中国 社会生活 日常生活

 

全文阅读

 

近年来中国社会文化史的讨论热度逐渐上升,与西方的新文化史交相辉映,引起了学界的瞩目。以2010年光明日报刊出的《社会文化史: 史学研究的又一新路径》[1]一文为标志,中国近现代社会文化史在实证研究与理论思考上取得了引人关注的原创性成果,渐已成中国近现代史研究领域的一道新风景。[1]社会科学文献出版社新近付梓的梁景和等人合著《现代中国社会文化嬗变研究(1919—1949)——以婚姻·家庭·妇女·性伦·娱乐为中心》一书(下文称该书为“《嬗变》”),是第一部以“现代中国社会文化”为考察对象的宏观性研究著作,其在一定程度上展示了学界研究1919—1949年间中国社会生活的最新收获。

 

《SHANBIAN》WEILIANGJINGHEXIANSHENGSUOZHU《JINDAIZHONGGUOLOUSUWENHUASHANBIANYANJIU》(XIAWENCHENGZHIWEI“《LOUSU》”)DEZIMEIPIAN,YIZAISHEHUIWENHUASHILILUNDESHIYUXIAGUANCHAXIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUADEYANBIANLICHENG。GAISHUGONGYOUQIJUAN,JISHOULUNJUAN、HUNYINJUAN、JIATINGJUAN、FUNVJUAN、XINGLUNJUAN、YULEJUANYUJIELUNJUAN。QIZHONGSHOULUNJUANSHISHEHUIWENHUASHIDELILUNSIKAOBUFEN,CIJUANYUJIELUNJUANYOULIANGJINGHEXIANSHENGZHIBI;HUNYINJUAN、JIATINGJUAN、FUNVJUAN、XINGLUNJUANYUYULEJUANWEISHIZHENGYANJIUBUFEN,FENBIEYOU5WEIQINGNIANXUEZHEZHUANXIE。TONGDUGAISHUZHIHOU,SHENGAN《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGYANJIUBUFENDEZUOZHEMENCONGGEZIDEQIERUDIANCHUBUGOULECHUXIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUABIANQIANTUJINGDELUNKUO,YEJIAOWEITUCHUDIFANYINGLEDANGQIANSHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUZAOYUDE“PINGJING”WENTI;LILUNTANSUOBUFENZEYOUZHANGYOUDUAN,BUFAKEQUANKEDIANZHICHU。CONGXUSHI、FANSHI、XUESHUSHIHUIGU、LILUNSIKAOYUWEILAIDEKENENGXINGZOUXIANGDENGCENGMIANTAOLUNZHEIYANGYIBUZHUZUO,HUOHUIYINQIXUEJIEDUISHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUDEGENGDUOGUANZHUYUSIKAO。

 

一、叙事缺憾: 未讲出别致的好故事

 

LISHIYANJIU,SHIYUJIANGGUSHI。“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”DETESEZHIYI,JIJIANGYIGEBUTONGYU“XIANDAIHUA”YU“GEMINGSHI”DEHONGDAXUSHIDEHAOGUSHI。《SHANBIAN》YISHUDETAOLUNCHUZHONG,SHIZAISHEHUIWENHUASHILILUNDESHIYUXIATONGGUOWUGEZHUANTIGUANCHAXIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUISHENGHUODEBIANQIAN。YEJIUSHISHUO,ZHEISHIYIBUYI“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”DESHIJIAOTANTAOXIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUISHENGHUODEZHUZUO,ERSHEHUISHENGHUOCEZHONGYUDAZHONGDESHENGHUOGUSHI。SIHUYOUCIKEYIYUQI,《SHANBIAN》HUIJIANGYIGEHUOJIGEJIYUDAZHONGLICHANGDEJIEDIQIDEHAOGUSHI。DANDUGUOQUANSHU,ZHEIYIYUQIZHESHILUOLEKONG。

 

《SHANBIAN》JIHUBUJIANGGUSHI,QILISHIXUSHIDAIYOUMINGXIANDESHEHUIKEXUEHUADESECAI。GAISHUSHIZHENGBUFENDEWUGEZHUANTIZAIXUSHISHANGZHONGZAIXIANSHELIFENXIKUANGJIA,RANHOUZAIKUANGJIAXIATIANJIAYISHILIAOPAIBIWEITESEDESHILIZUOWEIZHENGJU。ZHEIPOYOUYILUNDAISHIDEYIWEI,KANBUCHUSHIJIANWEIDUDEBIANHUA,HUOZHESHUOQUESHAOLISHIXUEXUSHIDESHIJIANGAN。

 

“HUNYINJUAN”ZUOZHEKEYIHUIBICHUANTONGSHIXUEDEXUSHI。GAIJUANMEIYOUXUSHI,ZHIYOUCAILIAODEFENLEIPAIBIYUTONGJIBIAOGEDEJIANDANSHUOMING,DAOXIANGSHIYIFENSHEHUIXUEDIAOCHABAOGAO。ZHEIYANGDEXUSHIJIBUSHIYI“WENTIDAOXIANG”WEIZHUDEFENXISHIXUE,YEBUSHIYIZHONGJIANLISHIDONGTAICHANGJINGJIANZHANGDEXUSHISHIXUE。[2]ZUOZHEDUICIDEJIESHISHIGAIJUAN“ZAIYANJIUFANGFASHANGCHANGSHITUPOXUSHUSHIDEKEJIU,ZAIYIXIEZHANGJIELI,JIEJIANRENKOUXUE、JILIANGXUEHESHEHUIXUEDEYIXIEYANJIULILUNYUFANGFA,DUIZILIAOJINXINGYIDINGDEZONGHEYUBIANXI(YUZILIAOBIANXI,YOUQIYAODUIMINGUOSHIDEXIANGGUANSHEHUIDIAOCHASHUJUBAOCHIYIZHONGJINGXING),CONGERDUISHANBIANJINXINGGAIGUANSHIYANJIU”[2]28-29。“HUNYINJUAN”ZUOZHEJIEJIANJILIANGXUE、RENKOUXUEDENGXUEKEDEFANGFA,DALIANGSHIYONGTONGJISHUZI,YIZAIDUIDANGSHIZHONGGUODEHUNYINZHUANGKUANGZUODINGLIANGFENXI,KEFUGUOQUZHIZHONGDINGXINGFENXIERBUZHONGDINGLIANGFENXIDEJUXIAN。CONGGAILUNXIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNYINZHUANGKUANGERYAN,ZHIJIANGJIGEGUSHI,QUESHAOLESHUZITONGJIYUFENXISHUOMING,SHINANJIRENQUEQIEERSHENKEDEZHENGTIXINGYINXIANG。XUYAOZHUYIDESHI,LISHIXUEYANJIUJIEJIANQITAXUEKEDELILUNYUFANGFADANGYOUYICHU,GUANJIANSHIRUHEJIEJIAN,RUOSHIJINSHANGTIANHUAZIRANSHIHAO,RUOSHIHANDANXUEBUZEBUMIANZIHUIZHANGCHENG。“HUNYINJUAN”SIBUXINGCHENGWEIHOUZHEDEYIGEZHUJIAO。

 

AG娱乐网ZAI“HUNYINJUAN”ZHONG,ZUOZHETAOLUN“XINSHILIANAIGUAN”,JIANGQIBIANQIANFANGDAOYIGEHONGDADEBEIJINGZHONG,DANBINGWEISHUOMINGBIANQIANDEMAILUO,YEWEISHUOMINGERZHEZHIJIANHUDONGDECHANGJING。TAOLUN“HUNYINDELIXIANGYUSHEJI”,CHENGSHIZHONG“XINGBIEBIYUHUNJIAZHUANGKUANG”YU“LIHUNFENGCHAO”,NONGCUNZHONGDE“BUPINGHENGDEXINGBIEBI”YU“HUNLINGDEYANJIU”DENGNEIRONGSHI,ZUOZHEDALIANGSHIYONGDANGSHIDESHEHUIDIAOCHAYUTONGJISHUJU,YICIWEIJICHUCUXIANTIAODIGOULECHUDANGSHICHENGXIANGHUNYINDEZHUANGKUANGJIQIBIANQIAN。DUIDANGSHIHUNYINZHUANGKUANGDEDINGLIANGYANJIUBINGFEIBUZHONGYAO,DANYINWEISHILIAODEQUEHAN,ZHISHIZHEWULUNRUHEYEBUHUIDUIQIZUOCHUWANZHENG、ZHUNQUEDETONGJI。QISHI,ZHISHIZHEZAIJINKENENGKEGUANCHENGXIANDANGSHIDEHUNYINZHUANGKUANGZHIWAI,GENGZHONGYAODESHIZHAODAOJUYOUQIFAXINGDELISHIZHIHUI。MEIYOU“QIUZHI”DE“QIUZHEN”NANMIANLUNWEISHILIAOZHANGBIANHUO“DIFANGZHI”SHIDEJIANDANJILU。JIU“HUNYINJUAN”ERYAN,QIZHONGBUJIANYOUXUEYOUROUDERENWU,YEMEIYOUDIEDANGQIFUDEGUSHIQINGJIE,ZHIYOUYIDUITONGJIBIAOHEGUINADESUOWEI“TEZHENG”,JIEGUOAGYULEWANGSUOQIDAIKANDAODEHUNLIANGUANSHANBIANDEFUZAYUWEIMIAOZHICHUWUCONGXUNHUO。

 

AG娱乐网YANGESHUOLAI,ZHEIZHONGDUIHUNLIANGUANXIANDAIXINGBIANQIANTEZHENGDEGUINAWUSUOWEISIXIANGCHUANGZAODEGONGXIAN。YONGZHEIZHONGBUXUXIAKUGONGFUJIUNENGGOUXIANGCHULAIDEGUINAFANGSHI,JIANGXIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNLIANWENHUADEFENGFUWENXIANJIANCAICHENGZHILIPOSUIDEPIANDUANZHANTIESHANGQU,JIEGUOJIMEIYOUJIANGYIGEBIEZHIDEHAOGUSHI,YEMEIYOUSHUOMINGJUYOUXIANSHIGUANHUAIDEWENTI。SHIXIANYANSUDIZHICHU: “JINRENZHISHI,HAOYONGGUINAHUOYUFUHUISHIBIJIAO,SUOLUNKANSIYOULI,QISHIXIANGDANGWEIXIAN”,“ZHISHIBUYIGUINA,BENSHICHANGSHITONGZE,ERJINSIHUCHENGLEGAONANWENTI”[3]90。

 

AG娱乐网TAOLUNXIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNYINWENHUA,XUYAOZAIXUSHIZHONGJIESHIRENDENEIXINSHIJIE。YOUGONGXIANDEZUOFABUSHIQUGUINASUOWEI“TEDIAN”,ERYINGGAIJIANGGENGDUODEJINGLIFANGZAIJIESHIHUNYINZHONGDEZHENGZHI、SHEHUI、WENHUA、JINGJIHERENDEHUODONGDE“JIZHI”SHANG。BUJINXUYAODUOLEJIELIUZAIZHIMEISHANGKEYIGONGKAIYANSHUODEJIBENDEXINGSHIFANGSHI,GENGXUYAODUOLEJIENEIXIEMEIYOULIUZAIZIMIANSHANGYOUBUBIANYUGONGKAIYANSHUODESHENGHUO“QIANGUIZE”HENEIXINSHIJIE。ZHEIYANG,AGYULEWANGDUIXIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNYINJIQIGUANNIANDEHUDONGJIUHUIDUOYIFEN“TONGQINGZHILEJIE”。DANGRAN,YAODADAOZHEIYANGDEJINGJIE,JIUXUYAO“HUIDAOLISHIXIANCHANG”,QINGTINGDANGSHIRENHUOJIANZHENGZHEDESHENGYIN,LIUCUNTAMENDUIDANGSHILISHIDEGERENJIYI。ZAITAMENGERENDESHENGYIN、JIYIYUWENBENZHONG,HUNYINWENHUACAISHIYIZHONGHUOSHENGSHENGDECUNZAI。QISHI,XUEJIEZAIXUNZHAOMINGUOSHIQIDAZHONGHUNLIANDE“SHENGYIN”SHANGYIJINGZUOLEHENDUOYOUYIDEGONGZUO,SHILIAOFANGMIANYOULIXIAOJIANGZHUBIANDEKOUSHUSHILIAO《RANGNVRENZIJISHUOHUA》YIJIZHONGDUODEJINDAIRENWURIJIDENG;LUNWENFANGMIANYOUWANGDONGJIEDUIMINGUOSHIQICHENGDOUNVXIAOXUESHENGRIJIZHONGDEQINGGANSHIJIEDEJIEDUDENG。JISHISHILIXIA《NIANGJIAYUPOJIA: HUABEINONGCUNFUNVDESHENGHUOKONGJIANHEHOUTAIQUANLI》ZHEIYANGDERENLEIXUEZHUZUODUILIJIEJINDAIHUABEINONGCUNHUNYINDOUDUOYOUBIYI。“HUNYINJUAN”SHIZAIBUQUEFAJINXINGJINGCAIXUSHIDEDIFANG,DANYOUYUZUOZHEDEYOUYIHUIBI,JIEGUOGUOLVDIAOLELISHIXIJIEZHONGDEWEIMIAOYUXIANHUO。QICHENGXIANJIDUZHEDEZHISHIBEIQIEGEGUODEHAOWUSHENGQIDELISHIBIAOBEN。

 

《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGYANJIUDEQITASIJUANZAIXUSHISHANGYU“HUNYINJUAN”JIHURUCHUYIZHE。BIRU“YULEJUAN”DELISHISHUXIEGENGXIANGSHIYIPIANYIGONGGONGYULEWEIDUIXIANGDESHEHUIXUEKAOCHABAOGAO。ZAIGAIJUANZUOZHEDEBIXIA,CHENGSHIYULEZHONGDEMINZHONGZUOWEIYIGEMOHUDEZHENGTICUNZAI,QUESHAOYOUXUEYOUROUDEGETIRENWUDEGANSHOU、TIYAN、GUANNIANYUJINGSHEN。

 

AG娱乐网《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGYANJIUDEXUSHI,BUZHISHIQUESHAODUIGETIRENWUDETUXIAN,HAIQUESHAODUIXIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHANBIANJIEDIANDEBAWO。JIEDIANJILISHI“GUAIWAN”DEDIFANG,QIASIZAICICHUCAINENGKANDAOLISHIZHANGHEDEDADONGTAI。QIANXIANDUILISHI“GUAIWAN”CHUZHIZHONGYAOXINGPOWEIZHONGSHI,MENGWENTONGXIANSHENGJIEMENGZI“GUANSHUIYOUSHU,BIGUANQILAN”ZHIYAN,SHUO“GUANSHIYIRAN,XUCONGBOLANZHUANGKUOCHUZHEYAN”,“DUSHIYEXUNENGBAWOLISHIDEBIANHUACHU,CAINENGBALISHIFAZHANSHUOGEDAGAI”。[4]1YOUYUGUOFENYILAISHEHUIKEXUEHUADEJIESHIKUANGJIA,《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGYANJIUBUFENDEZUOZHEMENZAICIKUANGJIAZHONGNANYICHENGXIANXIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHANBIAN“GUAIWAN”CHUDEBOLANYUFENGGUANG。JINGUANGEBIEZHUANTIDEZUOZHEZHUYIDAOZHUISU1919NIANZHIQIANDEXIANGGUANLISHI,DANCONGZHENGTISHANG,ZUOZHEMENMEIYOUDUOLIUYIZUOWEIGAISHUSHIJIANDUANXIANDE1919NIANYU1949NIANRUHECHENGWEIXIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUADE“GUAIWAN”CHU,YEMEIYOUDUOKANYIYANZUOWEI《SHANBIAN》XUSHI“WEISHENG”DE1949NIANZHIHOUJINIANZHONGDESHEHUIWENHUA。BUSHUOQINGZHEILIANGGEYUSHEDE“GUAIWAN”CHU,YEJIUBURONGYIGOULEXIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHANBIANDELAILONGQUMAI。MEIYOUQIANHOUDEBIZHAO,YEJIUBURONGYIJIESHIXIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUAZISHENDETEDIAN。

 

QISHI,XIANG《SHANBIAN》ZHEIYANGDEZHUZUOYAOJINXING“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”DEXUSHI,BINGFEIYISHI。YIZEZAIYUSHILIAODESUOSUI。SHEHUISHENGHUODESHILIAOWANRUODAHAIDESHUIDI,QILIANGSUIDA,QIXINGBUMING。RUOFEIZAOYUTESHUDESHIJIAN,ZHONGGUOCHANGTAIDESHEHUISHENGHUOSHIZAIGEREN、JIATINGYUQUNTIDEBUTONGCENGCISHANG,ANZHAOGEZIDEZHOUQIYUJIELV,JIFANFUCHENGXIANYIZHONGLEISIDEZHUANGTAI,TONGSHIYOUBUDUANDIJINXINGXINCHENDAIXIE。ZHEIYANGDESHEHUISHENGHUOSHIYIGERENYUJIATINGWEIJIBENDANWEIDEDUOYUANZHONGDIEDESHEHUIWANGLUO。QISUIYUZHENGZHIYOUQIANSIWANLVDELIANXI,DANBIJINGBUXIANGZHENGZHINEIYANGJUYOUXIANMINGDEHONGDAZHUTI。ZAICIQINGKUANGXIA,《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGBUFENDEZUOZHEMENXIANGYAOJUCIJIANGOUYIGEBUTONGYU“GEMINGSHI”YU“XIANDAIHUA”FANSHIDEBIEZHIDEXUSHI,QUESHIKUNNAN。BUGUO,JUBUHUOGEANDETUXIANRENWUDEXUSHIZONGHAISHIYINGGAIJINXINGERQIENENGGOUJINXINGDE。YANJIUZHEBUFANGJIEJIANZHUHONGZHAOZHU《YANANRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGDELISHI》DEXUSHISHOUFA,TONGGUORICHANGSHENGHUODEXIAOSHIJIANTOUSHIZHENGZHIDEDAZHUTI,JIANGSHEHUIDEXIAOLISHIYUZHENGZHIDEDALISHIYOUJIJIEHEQILAI。

 

ERZEZAIYU《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGYANJIUDEZUOZHEMENSHANGWEICHONGFENSHUXIXIANDAISHEHUIWENHUABIANQIANDEQUANJU。YI“HUNYINJUAN”ERYAN,XIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNYINWENHUASHANBIANSHIGEDATIMU,CHUSHECILINGYUDEXUEZHEHENNANYONGSANSIWANZIJIANGQISHUOQINGCHU。DATIXUYAODAZUO,XIANGQIAOZHIQIANGZHUBIAN《JINDAIHUABEINONGCUNSHEHUIBIANQIAN》、CHENXULUSUOZHU《JINDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIDEXINCHENDAIXIE》。TAMENYIKAOSHENHOUDEJILEIYUGUANGBODEXUESHI,CAINENGJIANGDATIMUZUOCHUYINGYOUDESHENDUYUGUANGDU。YINCI,DUIYUTANTAOSHEHUIWENHUASHIDEQINGNIANXUEZHELAISHUO,BUSHIHEDATIXIAOZUO,YIMIANCHUXIANPAOMAQUANDIQUEWEILIUXIAZUJIDEYIHAN。

 

AG娱乐网WULUNRUHE,BUNENGJIANGYIGEBIEZHIDEHAOGUSHI,JIUHENNANZHICHENGYIGEDUTEDETOUSHILISHIDESHIJIAO。《TUMAOJI》DENGXIFANGXINWENHUASHIZHUZUODEYIDATESEJIUSHISHANYUJIANGYIGEHAOGUSHI。YOUXUEZHEZHICHU,DALUXINGQIDESHEHUIWENHUASHI“BUSHIXIANGGUOWANGXINSHIXUEQIANGDIAOLISHIYIYI、JINGYANHEJIAOXUN,BUZAIYIJIEJIAN、ZIZHI、JIAOHUAZUOWEILISHIXUEDESHIMING”,ERSHISHITU“JIANGSHUYIGEHAODEGUSHI,YIGEQUANRANBUTONGYUTARENJIANGSHUDEQUANXINGUSHI”。[3]ZAICIJICHUSHANG,ZHUZHONGJIANGYIGEHAOWENTI,JIANGYIGEHAODAOLI。YEJIUSHISHUO,JIANGYIGEHAOGUSHI,YINGGAISHISHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUDEQIANGXIANG,YINWEIQIYANJIUGENGCEZHONGYUDENGJISHEHUIZHONGDEDICENGMINZHONGWENHUA,ZAIYANJIUDUIXIANGYUGUANCHASHIJIAOSHANGXIANGDUIGENGTIEJINMINZHONG、GENGTIEJINSHENGHUO,YEGENGJIEDIQI。

 

AG娱乐网JIANGYIGEBIEZHIDEHAOXUSHI,SHILISHIYANJIU“QIUMEI”DENEIZAIYAOQIU。JINTIANTANTAOJINDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUADEXUEZHEZIRANSHUXIWANGDIDUIJINDAICHENGDOUJIETOUWENHUADEYANJIU。QISUOZHU《JIETOUWENHUA: CHENGDOUGONGGONGKONGJIAN、XIACENGMINZHONGYUDIFANGZHENGZHI,1870—1930》YISHUJIUSHIYIFU“‘QINGMINGSHANGHETU’SHIXUXUZHANKAIDEYOUGUANLAOCHENGDOUDELISHIHUAJUAN”[4]。CONGZHONGKEJIANLISHIXUSHIDETUHUAGANYUYINLEGAN。YUEDUSHI,DUZHEFANGFOZHISHENCHENGDOUJIEXIANGDECHAGUANZHONG,YUDANGDIDECHAKEYIQIHUXIZHETIANFUZHIGUODEQINGXINKONGQI,GUANKANZHEXIYIWEICHANGDEJIETOUFENGJING。ZHEICAISHILISHIXUSHIDECHANGJINGZHIMEI。MAMINXIANSHENGPINGLUNGAISHUSHUO,CHAGUANDEXUSHIBUTONGYUHOUXIANDAISHIXUEDEXUSHI,YEBUTONGYUSHIJINGQIANDEWENXUESHILISHIXUSHI,ERSHIJIEJINHOUQINIANJIANPAISHIJIACONGJIEGOUSHIXUEZHUANXIANGXUSHISHIXUESHIDEZHUANXINGQIFENGGE。[5]JINGUANAGYULEWANGDESHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUBUYIDINGXIANGWANGDINEIYANGJINXINGSHENGDONGDEXUSHI,DANZHISHAOYINGDANGJUYOUCHENGXIANLISHIXUEZHIMEIDEYISHI。

 

AG娱乐网LISHIXUSHIDEQIUZHENYUQIUMEI,BUKEPIANFEI。ZHEISHISHIXUEJIANYOUKEXUEXINGYUYISHUXINGDETEZHISUOJUEDINGDE。ZUOWEIYISHUDELISHIBUJINYAOZAIDONGCHAYUJIANJIESHANGZHANXIANZHIHUIDEGAOMING,HAIYAOZAIBIAODAXINGSHIYUFENGGESHANGCHENGXIANYISHUDEMEILI。SHIXIANDUICILUNCHENG: “SHIXUEZHIZHENYUMEIGOUNENGBIHE,QIXIAOYONGYINGBUZHIYUSHIJIAGUFANGZISHANG,HUOGONGDUSHIZHEYAOXIANGGURENGUSHI,LISHIZHISHIBIYOUQIYONG。”[5]185ZAIZHEIYIDIANSHANG,BIZHEZANTONGLIANGJINGHEXIANSHENGZAI《SHANBIAN》YISHUZHONGDUILISHIXUESHIYISHUDERENSHI——“SHUOTASHIYISHUBUJINJINSHISHUOTAKEYITONGGUOYISHUXINGSHILAIZHANXIANLISHI,WEIYISHUXINGSHITIGONGSUCAI,GENGZAIYUYANJIUZHETIGONGDELISHIYANJIUCHENGGUONENGJIJIESHOUZHEYIYISHUDEGANRANHEXIANGSHOU。……AGYULEWANGBUYAOQIUSUOYOUDELISHIYANJIUDOUYAOCHENGXIANYISHUDEMEILI,ZHEIJIBUXIANSHIYEBUKENENG,DANDUILISHIYANJIUYINGDANGYOUZHEIYANGDERENSHIBINGYAOSHIZHEJIANXING”[2]24。YOUCIERYAN,HAODESHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUCHENGGUOYINGGAISHIQIUZHEN、QIUZHIYUQIUMEIDESANWEIYITIDEJIEJING。

 

二、范式: 实证研究的困境

 

SHEHUISHENGHUO,SHILISHIYANJIUDESHENCHU,YESHISHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUDEHEXINNEIRONGZHIYI。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAIZHUBUXINGQIDEJINDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUISHENGHUOYANJIU,CEZHONGYUCHENGSHISHENGHUO、FENGSUXIGUAN、GONGGONGKONGJIAN、XINGBIEYISHIDENGZHUANTI,BINGYIQUDEJIAOWEIFENGFUDECHENGGUO,DANRENGYOUSHIFENGUANGKUODETUOZHANKONGJIAN。《SHANBIAN》YISHUJICHENGLE《LOUSU》YISHUDETILI,YIHONGKUODESHIYEDUIQINEIRONG“JIEZHEJIANG”,FENBIETANTAOLEXIANDAIZHONGGUODEHUNYIN、JIATING、FUNV、XINGLUNYUYULE。ZHEIWUGEZHUANTISHISHEHUISHENGHUODEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,YESHIXUEJIEYANJIUJIAOWEIBORUODEDIFANG。YOUQISHIXINGLUN(JILIANGXINGLUNLI)WENTI,XIANGGUANDEYANJIUBINGBUDUOJIAN。

 

AG娱乐网ZUOWEIYIBUZHUZUO,《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGBUFENCEZHONGYUYIWUGEZHUANTIDAIBIAODEWUTIAOXIANSUO,CONGMIANSHANGCHUBUGOULEXIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHANBIANDELISHICHANGJING。BUGUO,ZHEIWUGEZHUANTIDEZUOZHEMENSIHUQUESHAOCHONGFENDE“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”YANJIUYISHI,QIZAITAOLUNZHONGJIAOSHAOZHUYISHEHUISHENGHUOJIQIWENHUAGUANNIANDEHUDONGWENTI,ERZHEIYIDIANQUESHI“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”YANJIUDEHEXINTEZHENGZHIYI。YIHUNYINJUANERYAN,GAIJUANCONGQINGNIANZHISHIFENZIHUNLIANGUANDEBIANQIAN、CHENGSHIHUNYINDEBIANGE、NONGCUNHUNYINDESHANTIDENGCENGMIANZHANSHILEXIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNYINJIHUNYINWENHUADEJINCHENG,YOUQIZHUYICONGXINGBIEBILI、HUNLINGJIEGOU、JINGJIDONGJI、WENHUAGUANNIANDENGFANGMIANKAOCHAHUNYINBIANGEDEFUZAJINGKUANG。GAIJUANZUOZHEYISHIDAO,XIANDAIHUNYINWENHUADESHANBIANSHIQI“YUZHENGZHI、JINGJI、RENKOUDENGFANGMIANXIANGHUZUOYONGDEJIEGUO”,“BIXUYIYIZHONGSHEHUIZHENGTISHIGUANDUISHANBIANDEBEIJING、NEIRONG、QUSHIYIJIYINGXIANGJIAYIZONGTIKAOCHA”[2]95。YINCI,ZUOZHEYOUYIJIEJIANSHEHUIXUEYURENKOUXUEDELILUNHEFANGFA,GUANCHADANGSHIDEHUNYINXIANXIANG。ZHEIYISILUWANQUANFUHESHEHUIWENHUASHIYISHEHUIDESHIJIAOGUANCHAWENHUAXIANXIANGHUOYIWENHUADEJIAODUGUANCHASHEHUISHENGHUOXIANXIANGDEYANJIULILU。BUGUO,ZUOZHEGUOYUYILAISHEHUIXUEYURENKOUXUEDELILUN,JIANGGONGFUXIAZAIGAILUNXIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNYINYUHUNYINWENHUASHANBIANDETEZHENGSHANG,YIZHIYUHULVELEHUNLIANSHENGHUOYUWENHUAGUANNIANDEHUDONG,WEINENGCHENGXIANCHUHUDONGGUOCHENGZHONGDEJINGCAIXIJIEYUWEIMIAOCHANGJING。JIATINGJUAN、FUNVJUAN、XINGLUNJUANYUYULEJUANYEDOUBUTONGCHENGDUDICUNZAIZHE“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”YANJIUYISHIBUZUDEWENTI。DANGRAN,ZHEIBINGBUSHISHUOTAMENWANQUANHULVELESHEHUISHENGHUOYUWENHUAGUANNIANDEHUDONG。XIANG“JIATINGJUAN”DEZUOZHEJIZHUYIYUNYONGSHEHUIXUEDELILUNJIANGOUTAOLUNXIANDAIZHONGGUOJIATINGSHANBIANDEKUANGJIA,YEZHUYISIKAODANGSHIJIATINGYUSHEHUIDEHUDONG,JIATINGWENHUAYUSHEHUIWENHUADEHUDONG。

 

YINGDANGSHUO,“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”SUIWEIBICHENGWEIYIZHONGLISHIYANJIUFANSHI,DANYIDINGSHIYIGEDUTEDELISHIGUANCHASHIJIAO。《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGBUFENDEZUOZHEMENYINWEIZHONGZHONGQINGKUANGWEINENGCHONGFENQUELI“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”DEYANJIUYISHI,KONGZAIYUTAMENSHENSHOU“XIANDAIHUA”FANSHIYU“GEMINGSHI”FANSHIDESHUANGZHONGYINGXIANG。

 

AG娱乐网《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGBUFENSHIZHONGGUANCHEZHE“XIANDAIHUA”DEGUANCHASHIJIAO,QIZHONG“HUNYINJUAN”YU“JIATINGJUAN”BIAOXIANDEZUIWEIXIANZHU。

 

AG娱乐网“HUNYINJUAN”ZUOZHEQIZAIXINGWENZHICHU,JIUSHENGMINGZIJICAIYONGLEANDONGNI·JIDENGSIDINGYIDE“XIANDAIXING”ZUOWEILUNSHUDELUOJIQIDIAN,YIXIANDAIHUADEFANSHITAOLUNXIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNYINWENHUADESHANBIAN,ERQIERENWEI“ZHONGGUOXIANDAIHUNYINWENHUADESHANBIANSHIZHIJINRUJINDAIYILAIZHONGGUODEHUNYINWENHUACHAOZHEFUHEXIANDAIXINGYAOQIUDEFANGXIANGYANJINDEGUOCHENG”[2]27。JIYUZHEIYANGDERENSHI,ZUOZHEFENBIETONGGUO“ZHISHIQINGNIANHUNLIANGUANDEBIANQIAN”、“CHENGSHIHUNYINDEBIANGE”、“NONGCUNHUNYINDESHANTI”、“HONGSESUQUDEHUNYINGAIZAO”、“KANGZHANSHIQIDEGENJUDIHUNYINAGYULEWANG”YU“HUNYINWENHUABIANGEDETEZHENG”DENGXIAOZHUANTIGOUCHENGDEKUANGJIALAIJIEDUXIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNYINWENHUASHANBIANDECHANGJING。GUQIEBUSHUOGAIKUANGJIADEJIANGOUSHIFOUHELI,ZUOZHEZAIMEIYIBUFENDETAOLUNSHANGDOUYOULIBUCONGXINZHIGAN。YI“ZHISHIQINGNIANHUNLIANGUANDEBIANQIAN”ERYAN,ZUOZHEJINYIJUHUSHI、MAOZEDONGDENGSHURENDEYANLUNERSHITUGOULEGAIBIANQIANDETUJING,ZHESHIXIANDEDANBO,ERYOUCIZONGJIECHUDELIXIANGHUNYIN“QINGXIANGWANHUN”DENGSANGETEZHENGSIBUGOUZHUNQUE[2]37-39。

 

ZUOZHEDUICHENGSHIHUNYINWENHUADEXIANDAIXINGBINGMEIYOUCHONGFENRENSHIYUBAWO。DUIYUCHENGSHIHUNYINWENHUAXIANDAIXINGDEFUMIANYINGXIANG,ZHIZIWEITI。QIKAOCHADENONGCUNYEJINXIANYUHUABEI、HUADONGHEHUAZHONGDEBUFENDIFANG,BINGWEISHEJIXINAN、XIBEI、DONGBEIDENGDI,YIWEISHEJISHAOSHUMINZUDEHUNYINWENHUA。JISHIZAIDUIXIANDAIZHONGGUOCHENGSHIHUNYINBIANGEDETAOLUNZHONG,JINKAOCHALEBEIPING、SHANGHAI、NANJING、HANKOU、GUANGZHOU、TIANJIN、CHENGDOUZHEIJIGEDACHENGSHIDEXIANGGUANQINGKUANG,ERTAMENZAIDUODACHENGDUSHANGDAIBIAOLEDANGSHIZHONGGUOCHENGSHIHUNYINDEQUANJUQINGKUANGNI?DUIDANGSHINONGCUNHUNYINSHANTIDEKAOCHAGENGSHIRUCI,SUIZUOZHEQINGCHUYISHIDAO“MIANDUIGUANGMAONONGCUNHEGAODAJIYINONGMINSHI,RENHEXIANGXIZHIMIAOSHUHEJIEDINGQIQUANBUHUNYINXINGTAIDECHANGSHI,DOUNANMIANYOUYOUXINWULIZHIGAN”[2]57,DANQIXUANQUDEDANGSHINONGCUNGONGYOUDE、NENGFANYINGSHEHUIBIANQIANDEMOUXIEHUNYINXINGTAISIWEINENGTIXIANCHUSUOWEI“XIANDAIXING”,BIRU“HUNYINLUNCAIDEQUSHI”JIUHENNANSHUOSHIHUNYINXIANDAIHUADETIXIAN[2]59。

 

YINGDANGSHUO,ZUOZHETAOLUNXIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNYINWENHUASUOYONGDEXIANDAIHUASHIJIAOZAISHIJIYANJIUZHONGWEINENGCHONGFENGUANCHE,ERQIETAOLUNSUQUYUZHONGGONGGENJUDIDEHUNYINWENHUASHIYOUZHUANYONGLEGEMINGSHIDESHIJIAO(XIAWENXIANGSHUO)。ZHEIYANGJIRENYIZHONGYINXIANG,JICIBUFENNEIRONGBINGFEIYOUYITIAOZHUXIANGUANCHUANDEXIANGLIAN,ZHISHIYIDAIMEIYOUANXUBAIFANGDETUDOU。

 

“JIATINGJUAN”ZUOZHETONGYANGBINGCHI“XIANDAIHUA”DELICHANG。QIDUIJINDAIZHONGGUOJIATINGBIANGEDESICHAOZUOLEZHEIYANGDEPINGXI,“TAMENDEJIATINGBIANGESIXIANG,BAOHANLEFENGFUDEGERENJIEFANGJINGSHEN,DADAOQIANSUOWEIYOUDEGAODU,BINGWEIYIHOUSIXIANGDEFAZHANGUIHUALELUCHENG,ZHIMINGLEFANGXIANG,TUIDONGLEZHONGGUOJIATINGYOUCHUANTONGXIANGXIANDAIDEYANJIN”[2]108。ZAIQIKANLAI,JINDAIZHONGGUOJIATINGSHIZAI“XIANDAIHUA”DEDAOLUSHANGQUZHEQIANXING。ZAIGAIJUANDEJIELUNZHONG,ZUOZHEZONGJIECHULEJIATINGXIANDAIHUADESANGETEZHENG,JI“CONGZHUANZHIZHUANXIANGMINZHU”,“CONGDENGJIZHUANXIANGPINGDENG”,“CONGMIXINZHUANXIANGKEXUE”。QIHAIYISHIDAO,RENDEXIANDAIHUASHIXIANDAIHUADEZHONGXIN。[2]220-221DANZAIJUTIDEXUSHIFENXIZHONG,RENDEXIANDAIHUABINGWEICHENGWEIGUANCHE“JIATINGJUAN”DEZHUXIAN。

 

AG娱乐网WEILELUNZHENG“XIANDAIHUA”DAOLUDEZHENGQUEXING,“JIATINGJUAN”ZUOZHESIJIANGXIANDAIYUCHUANTONGZHIYUERYUANDUILIDEJINGDI,ERQIEDUIQIANXIANDAIDEJIATINGWENHUAJIQICHUANTONGZUOLESHAOQIANYANJINDEPANDUAN。BIRU,JIANGCHUANTONGCHENGWEI“FENGJIANSHEHUIDEJIATINGGUANXI”,ERQIERENWEIQIBENZHISHI“YIZHONGBUPINGDENGDERENJIGUANXI,JIAZHANGGAOGAOZAISHANG,NANRENYAPONVREN”[2]174。ZHEIZHONGDUIZHONGGUOQIANXIANDAIDEJIATINGGUANXIDEDINGWEIYUPANDUANYINXUNLEGEMINGHOUDEGEMINGSHIDESHUOFA。XIANZAIXUEJIETAOLUNZHONGGUOQIANXIANDAIDESHEHUITONGCHANGYONGCHUANTONGSHEHUI,ERBUYONGRONGYIYINQIQIYIDE“FENGJIANSHEHUI”;SUOWEI“NANRENYAPONVREN”YUCHUANTONGSHEHUIDE“NANZUNNVBEI”BINGFEITONGYI,ZAIDINGWEICHUANTONGSHEHUIDELIANGXINGGUANXISHIBUYINGQINGYIYIQIANZHEDAITIHOUZHE。HUANJUHUASHUO,BUNENGWEILUNZHENG“XIANDAIHUA”DEJINBUXING,ERDIGULEQIANXIANDAIDEJIATINGCHUANTONG,GENGHEKUANGZHONGGUOSHEHUIDEXIANDAIHUAYEBIXUZAIPIPANJICHENGCHUANTONGDEJICHUSHANGCAIKEYISHUNLISHISHI,ERZHEBINGFEIJIERANDUILI,ERSHILIANMIANBUDUAN,XINCHENDAIXIE。ZAIRU,ZUOZHERENWEI“CHUANTONGDESANGZANGXISUDAIYOUNONGHOUDEMIXINSECAI”[2]208。QIDUIYUCHUANTONGSANGZANGXISUDEPIPINGSIWEIGONGYUN,YINWEI“MIXIN”YICIZAIZHENGZHI、SIXIANGYUXUESHUDENGCENGMIANJUYOUBUTONGDEHANYI,ERQIE“MIXIN”YU“KEXUE”YEFEISHUIHUOBURONG。YI“MIXIN”DEBIAOQIANHUAXINGWEIFOUDINGCHUANTONGSANGJIZHONGMOUXIEFEIKEXUEDENEIRONG,YUXUESHULIXINGERYAN,YOUQIANTUODANG。YUCIXIANGGUAN,ZUOZHEZONGJIECHUDEZHONGGUOJIATINGXIANDAIHUADEYIGETEZHENG“CONGMIXINZOUXIANGKEXUE”SIXUYAOZHONGXINKAOLV。

 

AG娱乐网FUNVJUAN、XINGLUNJUANYUYULEJUANDOUBUTONGCHENGDUDIZAI“XIANDAIHUA”DEFANSHIXIATAOLUNXIANGGUANWENTI。SIHULIKAILE“XIANDAIHUA”FANSHI,JINDAISHEHUIWENHUADESHANBIANWUCONGSHUOQI;“XIANDAIHUA”FANSHIYESIHUCHENGLE《SHANBIAN》YISHUSHIZHENGYANJIUBUFENZUOZHEMENDEJIBENGONGJUYUBUZIJUEDEYANJIUYISHI。

 

“XIANDAIHUA”FANSHIZAIZHONGGUOJINDAISHIYANJIUSHANGJIUJINGYOUDUOSHAOZUOYONGYUJIAZHI,XUEJIEJINNIANLAIYIDUOYOUZHENGYI。[6]XIANZAIKANLAI,JINDAIZHONGGUODEXIANDAIHUASHIYEJIQIFAZHANSHUIZHUNSHIYIHUISHI,YI“XIANDAIHUA”FANSHIYANJIUZHONGGUOJINDAISHISHILINGYIHUISHI。YINGDANGZHUYIDESHI,DALUXUEJIETONGCHANGSHIYONGDE“XIANDAIHUA”FANSHIJIQIGUANLIANDEJINHUASHIGUAN,POSHOUXIFANGXIANDAIHUAYANJIUDEYINGXIANG,KUANGQIESHAOYOUXUEZHEZHUYIDAOXIFANGDEXIANDAIHUAYANJIUDELIUPAIJIQIZAILILUNSHANGDEJIEDUANXINGBIANHUA。《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGYANJIUDEZUOZHEMENBUZIJUEDIJIANGXIFANGQUYUJINGYANDEXIANDAIXINGZUOWEIQUANQIUPUSHIDEXIANDAIXINGHUOQUANQIUXIANDAIXINGDEBIAOZHUNBANBEN。ZHEIJIUHENRONGYICHUXIANYIXIFANGXIANDAIHUADELISHILUJING、ZHUANGTAIYUJIZHIZUOWEIYUANLI,FENXIJIEDUZHONGGUODELISHI,HAOBISHIJIANGZHONGGUODEGUJIANZHUCHAILE,ZAIANZHAOXIFANGJIANZHUDEYANGSHIZUZHUANGQILAI,WUYIQUZHONGGUOJINDAILISHIDEBENZHENSHENYUAN。[7]

 

AG娱乐网《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGYANJIUDEZUOZHEMENMEIYOUZOUCHU“XIANDAIHUA”FANSHI,DANYEMEIYOUZOUJIN“GEMINGSHI”FANSHI。“GEMINGSHI”FANSHI,BAOKUOGEMINGGUOCHENGZHONGDEGEMINGSHIFANSHIYUGEMINGZHIHOUDEGEMINGSHIFANSHI。[6]QIANYIZHONGGEMINGSHIFANSHI,SHILISHIJIESHITIXIDUOYUANHUADEBIAOXIAN;HOUYIZHONGGEMINGSHIFANSHIZESHIDINGYUYIZUNDEYISHIXINGTAIDECHANWU,SHENZHICHENGWEIXUELISHANGDEJIAOTIAO,BUJIAFANSIDIWEIGEMINGDESUOYOUXINGWEIJIQIJIEGUOBIANHU。《SHANBIAN》YISHU“HUNYINJUAN”、“JIATINGJUAN”、“FUNVJUAN”YU“YULEJUAN”DEZUOZHEMENMEIYOUZOUJINQIANYIZHONG“GEMINGSHI”FANSHI,QUEBUXINGXIRANLEHOUYIZHONG“GEMINGSHI”FANSHIDELIUBI。“JIATINGJUAN”ZAIZHEIFANGMIANDEBIAOXIANYOUWEITUCHU。GAIJUANZUOZHEZAIPINGXIMAOZEDONGGUANYUJIATINGWENTIDEZHISHISHICHENG: “MAOZEDONGBAJIATINGGAIGEYUSHEHUIGAIGEBIANZHENGDITONGYIQILAI……SHIDUILISHIWEIWUZHUYIDECHUANGZAOXINGFAZHAN,SHIZAIXINMINZHUZHUYIDETIAOJIANXIADUIMAKESIZHUYILILUNDEWEIDAGONGXIAN”,“MAOZEDONGDEZHEIFENGXINSHIMAOZEDONGSIXIANGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,CHONGFENXIANSHICHUBIANZHENGWEIWUZHUYIYULISHIWEIWUZHUYIDELILUNGUANGHUI”。[2]173ZHEIYANGDEPINGXIBINGMEIYOUCONGMAOZEDONGSIXIANGFAZHANDEMAILUOYULUOJISHANGJINXINGSHUOMING,ZHISHITIESHANGYIGEWEIJINGSHENJIUDEBIAOQIAN,POXIANTUWU。GAIJUANQITADIFANGYOUGUANZHONGGONGJIATINGJIEFANGSHIYEDESHULUNSIJIANGSIXIANGZHENGZHIXUANCHUANDEHUAYUDAITILELISHIXUELIFENXIDEHUAYU。BIRU,“ZHONGGONGYUJIATINGFUNVDEWANQUANJIEFANG”[2]190、“ZHUIDAOHUIWANQUANDAPOLEDENGJIZHI”[2]203DENGBIAOSHUDOUCUNZAIZHEGUOYOUBUJIDEPIANPO。“FUNVJUAN”YU“YULEJUAN”TONGYANGCUNZAIZHEGUODUKUAZANZHONGGONGLINGDAODEFUNVJIEFANGSHIYEYU“HONGSE”YULEDEQINGXIANG。KEYISHUO,ZHEIZHONGQINGXIANGBUFUHELISHIDEBENZHEN,YEMEIYOUKOUZHUGEMINGSHIXUSHIDEMAILUO、JIEDIANYULUOJI。

 

AG娱乐网DANGRAN,《SHANBIAN》YISHUYANJIUDESHIJIANDUANBENSHENDAIYOU“GEMINGSHI”DELUOYIN。WEISHENMEJIANG1919—1949ZHEI30NIANZUOWEIKAOCHAZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHANBIANDEYIGESHIJIANDUAN?SHUZHONGBINGMEIYOUXIZHIDESHUOMING。ZHISUOYIYAOTEDITICHUZHEIGESHIJIANDUANXIANDEWENTI,SHIYINWEIBUSHAOXUEZHEZAITAOLUNZHONGGUOJINDAISHEHUIWENHUABIANQIANSHI,WULUNSHIYANJIUSHIJIAO、TAOLUNKUANGJIA,HAISHIJIBENGUANDIAN、XUSHIFENGGESHANG,RENGMEIYOUZOUCHU“XIANDAIHUA”FANSHI、ZOUJIN“GEMINGSHI”FANSHI,NANYITICHUXINDEWENTI、KANFAYUSHIJIAO。JIEGUOZHEIYANGDEYANJIUBUGUOSHIANZHAOJIYOUDEMOSHIBIANPAIZILIAO,JIANGSHUGUSHI,ZUIHOUZHENGMINGLEBIERENYIYOUDEGUANDIAN。BUNENGZUOGUANTONGDEYANJIU,YEJIUBUMIANCHUXIANHUADIWEILAODEJUXIAN。[8]ZHENDUICIQINGKUANG,YOUXUEZHEPIPINGSHUO,ZHEI“BUJINRENWEIGEDUANLENEIZAIYUJINTIANRENGZAICHIXUDEHONGDALISHIJINCHENGDEYOUJILIANXI,YINQIZHONGDUOWUWEIDEZHENGLUN,YEFANGQILEDUILIUDONGZHEDEDANGXIASHEHUIZHUDONGJINXINGLENGJINGKEGUANZHILISHIPOUXIHEXUESHUYANJIUDELIANGJI,GENGXUERUOLESHIXUEYANJIUZHIXIANSHIPIPANDEFENGMANG,ZHEBIQIWENHUASHENGSIDEYIYUN”[6]。

 

AG娱乐网《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGBUFENDEZUOZHEMENSHENSHOU“XIANDAIHUA”FANSHIYU“GEMINGSHI”FANSHIDEYINGXIANG,SHENZHIXINGCHENGLEYIZHONGBUZIJUEDEGENSHENDIGUDEQIANYISHI。WEIHETAMENZAITAOLUNXIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHI,MEIYOUZIJUEDIBAITUOSHANGSHULIANGZHONGFANSHIDEYINGXIANG,BINGJINERSHULIQI“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”DEYANJIUYISHINI?KONGPAQIZHONGYIGEZHONGYAOYUANYINZAIYUZUOZHEMENDEXUESHUSHIHUIGUCUNZAIZHEXIANTIANBUZU。

 

三、学术史回顾: 有待深入的“温故”功课

 

AG娱乐网YANJIULISHI,BIXIAN“WENGU”,ERHOU“ZHIXIN”。LEJIEQINGCHUQIANRENYANJIUXIANGGUANWENTIDEXUESHUPUXIJIQIZHANGDUANDESHI,CAINENGZIJUEZIJISUOZUOYANJIUDEYUANCHUANGXINGYUHANJINLIANG。KEXIDESHI,《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGYANJIUDEXUESHUSHIHUIGUPOWEIDANBO,JIN“HUNYINJUAN”JIANDANTIJIQIANRENDEYANJIU,ERQITAJUANJINGWEIYANJIQIANRENYIYOUDEYANJIUCHENGGUO。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGKEGUIJIEWEILIANGZHONG“BINGZHENG”: YISHIJIBENWUXIAODEXUESHUSHIHUIGU,YISHIHUIBIXUESHUSHIHUIGU。GAI“BINGZHENG”DUIXUESHUJINBUDEFUMIANYINGXIANGBUNENGBUYINQIZHUYI。

 

XIANKANJIBENWUXIAODEXUESHUSHIHUIGUWENTI。CHENGRAN,ZHEIZHONG“BINGZHENG”ZAIDANGQIANDESHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUZHONGPUBIANCUNZAI,“HUNYINJUAN”ZHISHIQIZHONGDEDIANXINGYILI。ZUOZHEJINLIEJULELIUYING、CHENDONGYUAN、LANGTAIYANDENG12RENDEZHUZUOHEFUJIANCHENG、CHENYUNQIAN、YEQINGDENG5RENDELUNWEN。DUIZHEIXIEYANJIUCHENGGUO,ZUOZHERENWEITAMENZAI“XIANDAIHUNYINSHIYANJIUDEBUTONGFANGMIANDOUQUDELEJIAORENDECHENGJI,WEIXIANDAIHUNYINSHIYANJIUDETUIJINZUOCHULEZHONGDAGONGXIAN。DANJIUBENZHUANTI(ZHIXIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNYINWENHUASHANBIAN——BIZHEZHU)ERYAN,RENGRANCUNZAIXIANGDANGDEYANJIUKONGJIAN”[2]28。RANHOU,ZUOZHEZHICHULEQIANRENYANJIUDELIANGDIANJUXIAN: YISHIDUIXIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNYINWENHUAMEIYOUQUANJUXINGBAWO,ERSHIZAICAILIAOSOUJISHANG,YUBAOKANZILIAOHESHEHUIDIAOCHAZHENGYINBUDUO。JINCILIAOLIAOSHUYUDEXUESHUSHIHUIGU,BINGWEIJIESHICHUQIANRENZAIYANJIULILUNYUFANGFA、WENTIYISHI、CAILIAOSHIYONG、SHEJIFANWEIDENGWENTISHANGDEZHANGDUANDESHI,GENGMEIYOUKAOCHAYANJIUDUIWUDEPUXIYUFENGGE。WENGUBUZU,ZHIXINZENAN。SHIGESHINIAN,ZUOZHEDUICIWENXIUGAISHIRENGWEINENGCHONGFENLEJIEDAOXUEJIEDUI“XIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNYIN”YANJIUDEYIYOUJICHUYUXINDEJINZHAN,YINCIBUDEBUSHENGMING: “RUOYOUGUANDIANXIANGJINXIANGTONGZHE,ZEBUGANLVEMEI,QIFAMINGZHIQUANZISHUFABIAOZAIQIANZHE”[2]28。XIANRAN,JIUJINGNAXIEKANFAZAOYIYOURENTIGUO,ZUOZHEBINGBUQINGCHU。TONGGUANQUANJUAN,ZUOZHEGUANYUXIANDAIZHONGGUOHUNYINDEKANFASIXIANYOUDUDAOZHICHU。

 

AG娱乐网ZAIKANHUIBIXUESHUSHIHUIGUDEWENTI。YIXUESHUYANJIUDEYANSUXINGERYAN,RENHEYANJIUDOUYINGGAISHULIXUEJIEDUIXIANGGUANWENTIDEYIYOUDEYANJIUCHENGJIU。WENGUZHIXINDEHUASUISHILAOSHENGCHANGTAN,DANZAIJINTIANQUECHENGLEXUYAOSHENKEFANSIDEWENTI。《SHANBIAN》DE“NVXINGJUAN”YU“XINGLUNJUAN”WEITIJIQIANRENDEXIANGGUANYANJIU;“JIATINGJUAN”YU“YULEJUAN”JUNYOUXIANGYINGZUOZHEDELUNWENXIUGAIERLAI,DANQUEJIANGQIZHONGDEXUESHUSHIHUIGUQUANBUSHANQU。ZHEIJIRENDEYINXIANGSHIZUOZHEMENMEIYOUZUOYINGYOUDE“WENGU”DEGONGKE。JINGUANCHUNCUIDELISHIYANJIUSHIMIANDUIQUANERNEIREN,DANCONGHUIBILEXUESHUSHIHUIGUDE“JIATINGJUAN”、“NVXINGJUAN”、“XINGLUNJUAN”YU“YULEJUAN”DEYANJIUSHUIZHUNKAN,SHAOYOUCHAOYUEYIYOUYANJIUCHENGGUOZHICHU,YEWUSUOWEIXUESHUDUIHUA。QIGENYUANKONGHAIZAIYUZUOZHEMENYEBUQINGCHUZIJIZAIXIANGGUANWENTIYANJIUDEXUESHUSHIPUXIZHONGDEWEIZHIYUJIAOSE,HUOZHESHUOZAILISHIYANJIUDECONGLINZHONGMISHILEZIAGYULEWANG。

 

AG娱乐网ZAISHANGSHUSIJUANZHONG,“YULEJUAN”DETAOLUNZUIRANGRENYIHUO。ZUOZHEXIEZUOCIJUANDEJICHUSHIQIWANCHENGYU2010NIANDESHUOSHIXUEWEILUNWEN《ZHONGGUOXIANDAIHUNYINWENHUASHANBIANYANJIU》。YIDANGSHIDEJINGKUANGERYAN,CONG1980NIANDAIDAO2008NIAN,XUEJIEDUIXIANDAIZHONGGUOYULEWENHUADETAOLUNZAICHENGSHIYULE、YULEGUANKONG、YULERENWUYUYULEXIANDAIHUAYIJIYULEYUSHEHUIGAILIANGDENGZHUANTISHANGYIYOUJIAOWEIFENGFUDECHENGGUO,DANRENGCUNZAIZHEJIAODADETUOZHANKONGJIANYUYIXIEXIANGDANGTUCHUDEWENTI。DANJIUYANJIULILUERYAN,XUEJIECEZHONGYUDUICHENGSHIYULEWENHUAJINXINGSHEHUIKEXUEDEFENXI。WULUNSHIFENXICHENGSHIGONGYUAN,HAISHIFENXICHENGSHICHAGUAN,XUEZHEMENJIHUQINGYISEDIZHIJIEJIEYONGSHEHUIXUEDELILUNFANGFA,KAOCHAGONGGONGYULEKONGJIANDEYUANLIU、JIEGOU、GONGNENG、TEZHENG,RANHOUSHIYIERSANSI、JIAYIBINGDINGSHIDELIEJU。SHAOSHENRUDETANTAOZEZHUZHONGSHENFEN、JIECENG、XINGBIEJIAODUDEKAOCHA。ZHEIXIEYANJIUDEZHONGYAOXINGWUKEYIWEN,DANYANJIUZHEDUIBUTONGCHENGSHIGONGYUANDEKAOCHAJIHUDECHULEXIANGTONGDEJIELUN。BUKEFOUREN,XINGSHENJIANBEI、XUSHIYUSHUOLIJUJIADECHENGSHIYULEYANJIUZHIZUOSHIZAISHAOJIAN,YEHENNANJUCHUXIANGGUANDEDIANFANZHIZUO。“YULEJUAN”ZUOZHESIHUMEIYOUJUECHADAOYIYOUYANJIUCHENGGUODEWENTISUOZAI,BUZIJUEDIYANXILEQIBIDUAN,YIZHIYUQUANWENDULAIXIANGYIPIANSHEHUIYULEDIAOCHABAOGAO。DANGRAN,ZUOZHESUOYAN“WUXIANGUANGBOYUMINZHONGYULESHENGHUO”[2]468-478YIBUFENQUEYOUTIANBUMOUXIEYANJIUKONGBAIDEYIYI,DANZHEIGENGDUODISHIJIDUZHEPUJILEYIXIE“WENSHIZHISHI”。

 

TAOLUNXIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUADEYIGEBIYAOQIANTI,SHISHUXIJINDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUABIANQIANDELICHENGJIQIXIANGGUANYANJIU。YEJIUSHISHUO,XIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUDEXUESHUSHIHUIGU,BUYINGJUXIANYUZHEIYILINGYUDEYIYOUYANJIUCHENGGUO,ERSHIXIANYAOCHONGFENLEJIEJINDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUAYANJIUDENEIRONG、LILUNYUFANGFA、YUANCHUANGXINGGUANDIANDENGNEIRONG。CIWAI,HAIYAOLEJIEJINDAIZHONGGUOZHENGZHISHIYANJIUDEQIANYANJIQIDUIZHONGGUOJINDAISHIQITAYANJIULINGYUDESHENKEYINGXIANG。MAOHAIJIANXIANSHENGZAOYIZHICHU,“ZAIHENZHANGDESHIJIANZHONG,ZHONGGUOJINXIANDAIJINGJISHI、WENHUASHIDENGLINGYUDEJIBENKUANGJIASHIYOUZHENGZHISHILAIJIANLIDE”,ZAIFENXITIXIYUXUESHUHUAYUSHANGYEMINGXIANDAIYOUZHENGZHISHIDELUOYIN,SHENZHIHENDUOSHIHOUZHEIXIELINGYUDEYANJIUYEWEIZHENGZHISHIDEJIELUNTIGONGLEZHENGJUSHENZHISHIZHENGMING。[7]]TACENGKAIWANXIAODISHUO,LIUZHIQINXIANSHENGZHUBIANDESANJUANBEN《JINDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUABIANQIANLU》“WANQUANSHIYIYIBIANXIADELISHI”[7]。QIEYIWEI,MAOXIANSHENGDEYISISHI《JINDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUABIANQIANLU》GUOYUZHUZHONGZHONGGUOJINDAISHEHUISHENGHUOZHANBILIHENXIAODE“BIAN”DEBUFEN,ERHULVELEZHANBILIHENDADE“BUBIAN”DEBUFEN。LUOZHITIANXIANSHENGYETISHISHUO,BUNENGGUOYUKUADAJINDAIZHONGGUO“BIAN”DEBUFEN,GENGYAOZHUYISHEHUI“BUBIAN”DEBUFEN,XIANGCHENFUCHENZAI20SHIJICHUQITICHANGDE“ZHIMINSUZHIYUAN”HE“ZHENGLVLIZHISHI”NEIYANGDE“MINSHI”BINGWEIDEDAOZHENZHENGDEFAZHAN。[8]MAO、LUOLIANGXIANSHENGDUIZHONGGUOJINDAIZHENGZHISHIYUSHEHUISHIYANJIUGUANXIDEKANFA,QUESHIZHIZHONGGUOJINDAISHEHUIWENHUASHIZHEBUKEHUSHIDEZHUOJIAN。ZUOHAOLE“WENGU”DEGONGKE,CAINENG“JIEZHEJIANG”,CAINENGYOUTIESHANGZIJIMINGZIDE“ZHIXIN”。ZHEIYESHIYIGUANTONGDEYANGUANGYUXUEYANGTAOLUNZHONGGUOJINDAISHIWENTIDEJIBENYAOQIU。

 

YINWEIXUESHUSHIHUIGUDEJIANDANYUHUIBI,《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGYANJIUDEZUOZHEMENHENNANYIXUESHUSHIWEIJIAN,ZHAOCHUZIJIDEQIDIANYUJUXIAN。TAMENSHENZHIBUTAIQINGCHU“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”SHIZENYANGDEYIZHONGGUANCHASHIJIAO,YOUNAXIEKEYIJIEJIANDESHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIULUNZHU。YIZHUZUOERYAN,LIANGJINGHEXIANSHENGSUOZHU《JINDAIZHONGGUOLOUSUWENHUASHANBIANYANJIU》,LIZHANGLIXIANSHENGSUOZHU《WANQINGSHANGHAISHEHUIDEBIANQIAN: SHENGHUOYULUNLIDEJINDAIHUA》YU《ZHONGGUORENDESHENGHUOFANGSHI: CONGCHUANTONGDAOJINDAI》,DOUSHIZIJUEDIYUNYONG“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”SHIJIAOTAOLUNJINDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUADEBIANQIAN。ZHEIXIEZHUZUOPOWEIZHUZHONGSHEHUISHENGHUOYUWENHUAGUANNIANDEHUDONG,BUGUOQUESHAOYIXIEYOURENWU、YOUQINGJIEDEXUSHI。《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGYANJIUDEZUOZHEMENSIHUYISHIBUDAOZHEIYIDIAN,JIYANXILEBUZHONGXUSHIDEQUEXIAN,YOUDIUDIAOLEZHUZHONGSHEHUISHENGHUOYUWENHUAGUANNIANHUDONGDEZHANGCHU。BIRU,“FUNVJUAN”ZHONGTIDAODEDENGCHUNLANQINGQIUDAXUEKAIFANGNVJINDESHILI[2]288,YOUQIZHIDEPUZHANQIZHONGDEQUZHEQINGJIE,BUGUOZUOZHEYIBIDAIGUO,SHIZAIMEINENGZHANSHICHUZHEIYIZHONGYAOSHIJIANZHONGDEMINZHONG、XUEXIAOYUGUANFANGDEFUZAERWEIMIAODEHUDONG。ZAIRU“XINGLUNJUAN”ZHONGDE“20SHIJISHANGBANYEJIAOYUJIEDUIXINGJIAOYUDETAOLUNYUSHIJIAN”[2]386-414BUXINGCHENGWEIMEIYOUDUOSHAOLIANXIDELIANGZHANGPI,TAOLUNGUITAOLUN,SHIJIANGUISHIJIAN,KANBUCHUERZHEZHIJIANDELIANXI,YEKANBUDAOXUEXIAOYUSHEHUIZAIZHEIYITESHUWENTISHANGCUNZAIDEJINZHANGYUCHONGTU。

 

“WENGU”BUZHISHIYAOLEJIEYIYOUXIANGGUANXUESHUCHENGGUODETAOLUNDUIXIANG、YANJIUFANSHI、ZHUYAOGUANDIANYUXUESHUMAILUO,HAIXUYAOGUANZHUQIZAISHILIAOYUNYONG、YANJIUFANGFADENGFANGMIANDEZHANGDUANDESHI。DUIYUSHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIU,YICHUBANDEMINGUODAZHONGDERIJIKEWEISHISHIFENZHONGYAODEZILIAO,DANYUNYONGZHEBINGBUDUOJIAN。BIRUJIUZHOUCHUBANSHEJINNIANCHUBANDE《MINGUOXIAOXUESHENGRIJI》、《YIGEMINGUOSHAONVDERIJI》DENG,CONGBUTONGCEMIANLIUXIALEMINGUOSHEHUIDICENGDESHENGYIN。ZHISHI《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGYANJIUDEZUOZHEMENWUYIZHUYIYUNYONGZHEIXIEHENYOUSHUOFULIDEZILIAO。JISHISHILIANGJINGHEXIANSHENGZAI《SHANBIAN》LILUNBUFENZHUANMENTIDAODEZUOWEISHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUKEYONGDEBIJI、XIAOSHUO、SHIGEDENGSHILIAO,《SHANBIAN》SHIZHENGYANJIUDEZUOZHEMENYEJISHAOYUNYONG。ZHISUOYIZHAOBUDAOXIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIDICENGDESHENGYIN,CHULEMEIYOUZHUYIRIJI、BIJI、XIAOSHUODENGSHILIAOWAI,HAIZAIYUZUOZHEMENBINGWEIZOUXIANGTIANYE,ZOUJINLISHIDEXIANCHANG。JIANYUSHEHUISHENGHUOYAOBIZHENGQUANGENGJUYOUYANXUXING,XIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUISHENGHUOZHIJINRENGBAOLIUZHEMOUXIEYUANSHENGTAIDEXINGSHIYUCHUANTONG,TAOLUNZHEIYISHIQIDESHEHUIWENHUAZHESHIYINGGAISHENRUCHENGXIANGSHENGHUODEDIYIXIAN,FANGTANDANGSHIDEDANGSHIRENYUGUOLAIREN,CAIJIYOUYIYIDEBUCENGLIUZAIZHIMEIDESHENGHUOSUIPIANXINXI。SUIRANJINDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUDEXIANQULIUZHIQIN、LIANGJINGHE、LIZHANGLIDENGXIANSHENGBUCENGCAIYONGTIANYEDIAOCHADEFANGFA,DANYOUZHIYUGAILINGYUYANJIUDEXINYIDAIQINGNIANXUEZHESHIBUKEJINYIKAOTUSHUGUANYUDANGANGUANLAIZHUSHULISHUOLE。

 

四、理论建构: 富有前瞻性的思考

 

AG娱乐网ZHUIGENSUYUANDE“WENGU”JIBAOKUOSHIZHENGYANJIUDECHENGGUO,YEBAOKUOLILUNYUFANGFATANSUODEZUJI。《SHANBIAN》LILUNBUFENDESIKAONAIRENPINWEI。

 

AG娱乐网DALUXUEJIEDUIYUZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHIDESHIZHENGXINGYANJIUBUDUANQUDEXINSHOUHUO,DANXIANGGUANDELILUNTANSUOPOWEIZHIHOU,POYOU“MOZHESHITOUGUOHE”DEWEIDAO。JISHIZAIRIJIANZENGDUODESHIZHENGYANJIUZHONG,BUSHAOXUEZHE“SHANGQUEFAYUNYONGXINSHIJIAO、XINLILUN、XINFANGFADEZIJUEXINGHEJINGYANJILEI,QUEFAYANJIUFANSHISHANGDEJIANSHU”。[2]3-4YINCI,DUI“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”YANJIUDELILUNYUFANGFAJINXINGTAOLUNYOUWEIXIANDEPOQIE。《SHANBIAN》DUI“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”DEYANJIULILUNJINXINGLESHENRUQIEFUYOUQIANZHANXINGDESIKAO,ZHUYAOBAOKUOSHEHUIWENHUASHIDEGAINIANYUYANJIUDUIXIANG、LILUNYUFANGFA、SHILIAOWENTIYIJISHEHUISHENGHUO、CHANGTAIYUDONGTAI、SUIPIANYUZHENGHEDENGRUOGANCENGCIDEGAINIAN。QIDUIYUJIEJUEDANGQIANSHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUZAOYUDEPINGJINGWENTIQUEYOUQIFAYIYI。

 

AG娱乐网“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”YANJIUQUANNEIQUANWAIXUEZHESHOUXIANYAOWENDEYIGEWENTISHI,“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”YANJIUDEDUIXIANGSHISHENME。ANZHAOZIMIANDEGAINIANYULUOJI,SHEHUIWENHUASHIDEYANJIUDUIXIANGYINGSHISHEHUIWENHUA。SHEHUIWENHUASHISHENME?QIJINWEIZHI,SHIXUEJIEDUICIMEIYOUYIGEGONGRENDEQINGXIDEDAAN。“SHEHUIWENHUA”ZUOWEIYIGEDUANYU,QINGMOMINGUOSHIQIJIUYOUBUSHAORENSHIYONG。ZHOUKAIYU1908NIANFABIAO《XUESHENGPINXINGZHIFOUGUANYUSHEHUIWENHUAZHIJINTUISHUO》[9]YIWEN,JIAOZAOSHIYONGLE“SHEHUIWENHUA”YICI,QIYISHISHEHUIYUWENHUADEHECHENG。1923NIANSHANGWUYINSHUGUANCHUBANDE《ZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUA》YISHU[9],QIZHONG《ZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUAZHITEZHI》YIWENYIZAIYIZHONGGUOJIAZUZHIDUWEIZHONGXINTAOLUNZHONGGUOSHEHUITESEJICHENGYIN。GAIPIANMINGZHONGDE“SHEHUIWENHUA”DUIYINGDERIWENCIHUIBUDEERZHI,DANYICHENGZHONGWENHOUDE“SHEHUIWENHUA”SIWEIZUOWEIYIGEYOUTESHUNEIHANDECIHUI。TONGDUGAIWENZHIHOU,GANJUEZUOZHESUOYANDE“ZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUA”SHIZHIZHONGGUOSHEHUIDETESEJIQIWENHUACHUANTONG。1931NIANCHUBANDE《XINSHANXIYUEKAN》ZHONGTESHEYOU“SHANXIZHISHEHUIWENHUA”ZHUANLAN,CIZHUANLANDEWENZHANGNEIRONGBAOKUOSHEHUIFENGSU、JINGJISHENGCHAN、FEIGUANFANGTUANTI、SHEHUIJIUZHU、CHENGXIANGGUANXI、XIANGCUNTUDI、XIJUGAILIANG、DIFANGJIAOYU、DIFANGZHIAN、MINGSHENGGUJIDENG。YOUCIKEJIAN,《XINSHANXIYUEKAN》SHIYONGDE“SHEHUIWENHUA”GAINIANDANGZHIZHENGZHIZHIWAIDESHEHUIYUWENHUAZHUANGKUANG。LINTIANMUCONGSHEHUISHENGHUODEJIAODUTAOLUNWENHUADEGONGNENG,BINGWEIJIANG“SHEHUIWENHUA”ZUOWEIYIGETESHUDEGAINIAN,DANTAQIANGDIAO“WENHUASHIYAOJIANLIYUSHEHUIJINGJIDESHENGHUOZHISHANG,YEZHIYOUSHEHUIJINGJISHENGHUOGAISHAN,DAZHONGWENHUACAINENGSHIXIANYE;ZHIYOUSHIWENHUAGUIYUDAZHONGSUOYOU,WENHUACAIYOUZHENZHENGDECHENGGONG。”[10]1942NIAN,YUTIANXIUZAI《SHEHUIWENHUAYANJIUFA》YIWENZHONG,CONGWENHUASHEHUIXUEDEJIAODUTAOLUNLESHEHUIWENHUADEYANJIUFA,RENWEISHEHUIWENHUAJIXIANZAIHUOYIWANGDEWENHUADEDILIFENBU。[11]JINTIAN,WENHUAXUE、SHEHUIXUE、GUANLIXINLIXUEDENGXUEKEDUISHEHUIWENHUADEDINGYIGEXINGQISHI,YULISHIXUEDERENSHIYULIJIECHAYIJIAODA。RANER,SHIXUEJIEDUI“SHEHUIWENHUA”DEGAINIANRENGZAITANTAOZHONG。ZHEIYIGAINIANZUOWEI“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”YANJIULILUNDELUOJIQIDIAN,BUSHUOQINGCHU,ZIRANHUIZAOCHENGZHONGZHONGMAFAN,YELVBEIWAIJIEJIENAN。

 

《SHANBIAN》LILUNBUFENDEZUOZHERENWEI,SHEHUIWENHUASHIDEYANJIUDUIXIANGSHI“SHEHUISHENGHUOYUQINEIZAIGUANNIANXINGTAIZHIJIANXIANGHUGUANXIDELISHI”[2]4。CIQIANZUOZHERENWEI,SHEHUIWENHUASHIDEYANJIUDUIXIANGSHIMINZHONGWAIZAIDESHEHUISHENGHUOYUNEIZAIDEJIAZHIQUXIANGJIQISIXIANGGUANNIAN。[12]XIANGBIZHIXIA,ZUOZHEDUI“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”YANJIUDUIXIANGDEXINKANFAYAOBIGUOQUDEXIANGGUANKANFAGENGWEIJUTI,GENGJUYOUGAIKUOXING,YINWEIXINKANFABAOHANLEJINGYINGWENHUAYUCAOGENWENHUADEHUDONGGUANXI,ERBUZAIJINXIANYUMINZHONGDESHEHUISHENGHUO。ZAIZUOZHEKANLAI,SHEHUISHENGHUOSHI“ZHIRENMENZAIYISHENGCHANWEIQIANTIERXINGCHENGDEGEZHONGRENJIGUANXIDEJICHUSHANG,WEILEWEIXISHENGMINGHEBUDUANGAISHANYUTIGAOSHENGCUNZHILIANGERJINXINGDEYIQIEHUODONGDEZONGHE”。[2]11ZAICIJICHUSHANG,ZUOZHEXITONGLUNSHULE“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”SHIYEXIADESHEHUISHENGHUO,RENWEIGUANGYIDESHEHUISHENGHUOSHIZHIRENLEIZHENGTIDESHENGHUOZHUANGTAI,BAOKUOZHENGZHISHENGHUOZHUANGTAI、JINGJI(WUZHI)SHENGHUOZHUANGTAI、WENHUA(JINGSHEN)SHENGHUOZHUANGTAIYUSHEHUISHENGHUOZHUANGTAI,ERXIAYIDESHEHUISHENGHUOZHUANZHISHEHUISHENGHUOZHUANGTAI;MUQIANSHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUDESHEHUISHENGHUOSHIXIAYIDESHEHUISHENGHUO,WEILAIHUIZOUXIANGGUANGYIDEDESHEHUISHENGHUO。CHENGRAN,ZHONGGUOJINDAISHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUDEJIWEIXIANQUXUEZHEDUIGAILINGYUDEYANJIUDUIXIANGYOUBUTONGDERENSHI。BIRU,LIUZHIQINXIANSHENGZAOXIESHIHOURENWEI,“SHEHUIWENHUASHIGEXINXINGDEZHISHIXITONG,BUZHANGDELISHI,KUAXUEKEERYOUJIEDINGBUTAIQINGXIDELINGYU,FAZHANBINGBUCHENGSHU”,SHEHUIWENHUASHIDEYANJIUDUIXIANGSHI“DAZHONGWENHUA、SHENGHUOFANGSHIHESHEHUIFENGSHANGDEBIANQIAN”[13]1-2。ZAIJUTIYANJIUSHANGCEZHONGYU“SHEHUIXIACENGDEMINZHONGSHIZENYANGSHENGXI、HUODONGHEXINUAILE,SHANGCENGHEXIACENGYOUSHIZENYANGHUXIANGSHENTOUHEZHIDONG”,“BAINIANLAIRENMINDAZHONGZAIJULIEDESHEHUIBIANQIANZHONG,SHENGHUOFANGSHI、FENGSUXIGUAN、GUANZHUREDIANHEJIAZHIGUANNIANDEYANBIAN。”[13]2ZUOYUHEXIANSHENGZANTONGLIUXIANSHENGGUANYUSHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUDUIXIANGDEKANFA,BINGBUCHONGSHUOMING,SHEHUIWENHUASHIGUANZHUDESHISHEHUIMINZHONGDEWENHUAGUANNIANHEWENHUAYISHI,DAZHONGDERICHANGSHENGHUOFANGSHI、SHEHUISHENGHUOHESHEHUISHISHANG。[14]YOUSHANGKEJIAN,SHEHUIWENHUASHIDEYANJIUDUIXIANGYUSHEHUISHI、WENHUASHIYOUZHONGHEDEDIFANG,DANGENGDUODIGUANZHUXIACENGMINZHONGDESHENGHUOJIQIGUANNIAN。RUGUOSHUOSHEHUIWENHUASHIYOUZIJIDEDUTEYANJIULINGYUDEHUA,NEIME,《SHANBIAN》GUANYU“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”YANJIUDUIXIANGDEJIEDINGDANGSHIZUIWEIQINGXIHEWANZHENGDE。DUIZHEIYILINGYUDEQIANGDIAO,BENSHENJIUSHISHEHUIWENHUASHIDETESEZHIYI。DANGRAN,《SHANBIAN》HAITIXINGSHUO,SHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUYAOZHUYIBUTONGJIECENG、DIYU、MINZU、SHIDUANDESHEHUISHENGHUOYUSIXIANGGUANNIANDEBIANHUA。JUCIKETUILUN,SHEHUIWENHUASHIYETAOLUNJINGYINGDESHEHUISHENGHUO。YANJIUSHEHUISHENGHUODEZHONGYAOYIYIZAIYU“JIANLIYIRENWEIZHONGXINDELISHIXUE”[15]。

 

AG娱乐网JIEDINGLESHEHUIWENHUASHISHIYEXIADE“SHEHUISHENGHUO”GAINIANDENEIHANZHIHOU,HAIXUYAODUIQIWAIYANJINXINGSHUOMING。《SHANBIAN》RENWEI,XIAYIDESHEHUISHENGHUOJIRICHANGSHENGHUO。RICHANGSHENGHUOYEYOUXIAYIYUGUANGYIZHIFEN,QIANZHESHIZHIRENMENZUIJIBENDERICHANGSHENGHUO,ZHUYAOBAOKUOYISHIZHUXING、HUNSANGJIAQU、LIANGXINGLUNLI、SHENGLAOBINGSIDENG;HOUZHESHIZAIZUIJIBENDERICHANGSHENGHUODEJICHUSHANGKUOZHANKAILAIDERICHANGSHENGHUO,BIRUDANGDAISHEHUIDELVYOUGUANGUANG、LIUXINGSHISHANG、WANGLUOXINXI、XINLIWEISHENG、XIAOFEIYULE、ZHUANGSHIMEIRONG、QIUZHIJIUYEDENG。[2]23ZHEIYIKANFASHUOMINGLESHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUDEJUTIDUIXIANGJIQICENGCIXING、SHIDAIXING,QUEYOUXINYI。YOUXUEZHECONGZHEXUEDEJIAODUDUIRICHANGSHENGHUOZUOLEJIAOWEIJINGDANGDEJIEDING,RENWEI“RICHANGSHENGHUOSHIYIGERENDEJIATING、TIANRANGONGTONGTIDENGZHIJIEHUANJINGWEIJIBENYUSUO,ZHIZAIWEICHIGETISHENGCUNHEZAISHENGCHANDERICHANGXIAOFEIHUODONG、RICHANGJIAOWANGHUODONGHERICHANGGUANNIANHUODONGDEZONGCHENG,TASHIYIGEYIZHONGFUXINGSIWEIHEZHONGFUXINGSHIJIANWEIJIBENCUNZAIFANGSHI,PINGJIECHUANTONG、XIGUAN、JINGYANYIJIXUEYUANHETIANRANQINGGANDENGWENHUAYINSUERJIAYIWEIXIDEZIZAIDELEIBENZHIDUIXIANGHUALINGYU。”[16]31JIANERYANZHI,RICHANGSHENGHUOSHIRENMENZAISHENGCHANLAODONGYUGONGGONGZHIDUSHENGHUOZHIWAIDEBAOZHANGYUYANXUGETISHENGMINGCUNZAIDEYIQIEHUODONG。《SHANBIAN》JIEDINGDERICHANGSHENGHUOSHIYUZHENGZHI、WAIJIAO、JUNSHI、JINGJIDENGFEIRICHANGDEGONGGONGZHIDUHUADESHEHUIHUODONGLINGYUBINGLIEDEYIGELINGYU,DANGRANTAMENBICIZHIJIANYOUZHEQIANSIWANLVDELIANXI。YINCI,RICHANGSHENGHUOYUSHEHUISHENGHUOZAIYIDINGCENGCISHANGZHONGHE,DANBUSHIWANQUANDENGTONGDE,ERZHEBUNENGHUXIANGTIDAI。《SHANBIAN》DUIERZHEDEQUFENJUYOUBUKEHULVEDEXUESHUJIAZHI。

 

AG娱乐网ZAI《SHANBIAN》DELILUNBUFENZHONG,ZUOZHEMEIYOUJIANG“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”KANZUOYIZHONGGUANCHASHIJIAO。BUGUO,YIXIEXUEZHEGENGYUANYIJIANGQISHIWEILISHIYANJIUDEYIZHONGXINJIAODUYUXINFANGFA。LIZHANGLIXIANSHENGRENWEI,SHEHUIWENHUASHI“JIUSHISHEHUISHIYUWENHUASHIXIANGJIEHEDEYIZHONGKUAXUEKEDEYANJIUSHIJIAO”,“SHIYIGEKUANFANDESHIJIAO,JIYIWENHUADESHIJIAOLAIYANJIUSHEHUILISHIXIANXIANG,HUOYISHEHUISHIDEFANGFALAIYANJIULISHIWENHUAWENTI”。[10]TAJIESHISHUO,ZHEIZHONG“ZONGHEXING、KUAXUEKEDEFANGFAYANJIUSHEHUISHIWENTI,HUIWEISHEHUISHIXIANGFUYUWENHUAYIYIYUNEIHAN;YUNYONGZHEIYIFANGFAYANJIUWENHUASHIWENTI,HUISHIWENHUAWENTIDEDAOSHEHUIJICHUDECHANSHIHEQINGJINGJIEDU”。[11]ZUOYUHEXIANSHENGRENWEI,SHEHUIWENHUASHIDESHIJIAOJIUSHICONGWENHUASHIDESHIJIAOLAIYANJIULISHISHANGDESHEHUIWENTI,YONGSHEHUIXUEDEFANGFALAIYANJIUWENHUAWENTI。TAJIESHISHUO,SHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUSHIDUISHEHUISHENGHUODEWENHUAXUETILIANHECHOUXIANG;DUIWENHUAXIANXIANGDESHEHUIXUEKAOCHAHETANJIU。[14]DUIYUSHEHUIWENHUASHIDEKUAXUEKEYIYI,LIUYONGHUAXIANSHENGSHUODEGENGQINGCHU,JI“ZAIFENXISHEHUIXIANXIANGSHI,BUNENGHUSHIXIANGGUANRENQUNDUIZHEIXIEXIANXIANGDELIJIEHUOZHEIXIEXIANXIANGZHIYUDANGSHIRENDEYIYI,WEIYOURUCI,SHEHUISHIFENXICAIBUZHISIBAN、JIANGYING;ZAIQUANSHIWENHUAXIANXIANGSHI,BUNENGHUSHIZHEIXIEXIANXIANGBEIHOUDESHEHUIGUANXIHEQUANLIGUANXI,WEIYOURUCI,WENHUASHIQUANSHICAIBUZHIKONGFAN、XUANXU”。[17]XIANRAN,SHEHUIWENHUASHISHIYIZHONGZHIZAIDAPOFENKEZHIXUE、TIXIANLISHIYANJIUZHIZONGHEXINGDEYOUYICHANGSHI。JINGUAN《SHANBIAN》YISHUMEIYOUJIANG“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”SHIWEIYIZHONGXINDESHIJIAO,DANLIANGJINGHEXIANSHENGCIQIANCENGTICHU,CONGRUOYONGFANSHIKUANGJIADEGAINIANQUSHENSHISHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIU,SHEHUIWENHUASHIYEKESHIWEIYIZHONGFANSHIKUANGJIA。[2]18ZAIQIKANLAI,SHEHUIWENHUASHIZAIYANJIUKONGJIANYULISHIQUANSHISHANGDAYOUKEWEI,JIANGLAIWANQUANYOUKENENGCHENGWEIYIZHONGXINDELISHIJIESHITIXI。ZHEIYIWEIZHESHEHUIWENHUASHISHITUCHENGXIANYIZHONGBUTONGYUGUOQU“GEMINGSHI”FANSHIYU“XIANDAIHUA”FANSHIDEXINDELISHIMIANKONGYULISHIQUANSHI,FUHETACENGTICHUDE“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”KEKANZUO“XINSHIDAIDEXINSHIGUAN”DELUNDUAN。[18]

 

AG娱乐网ZAICONGSHEHUIWENHUASHIDESHIYESHENSHI“SHEHUISHENGHUO”DEGAINIANZHIWAI,《SHANBIAN》HAITICHULE“CHANGTAIYUDONGTAI”、“SUIPIANYUZHENGHE”、“ZHENSHIYUJIANGOU”DENGWUDUIXIANGGUANDEGAINIAN。ZAIJINTIAN“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”LILUNJIANSHUKUIFADEXINGSHIXIA,ZHEIXIEGAINIANDUIYUSHENRUTANTAOZHONGGUOJINXIANDAISHEHUIWENHUASHIQUEYOUKAIQISILUZHIYONG。

 

ZAITAOLUN“ZHENSHIYUJIANGOU”SHI,ZUOZHETIJIYIGERENGZAIZHENGYIZHONGDELAOWENTI——LISHIYOUMEIYOUGUILV。ZAILIANGXIANSHENGKANLAI,“SUOWEIJIANGOUSHILISHIGONGZUOZHETONGGUODUISHILIAODEBAWO,ZHANZAITEDINGDELICHANG,YUNYONGXIANGGUANDELILUNFANGFA,DUILISHISHIXIANG(BAOKUOLISHICHENGXIANDEXINGSHIJIQIBENZHIGUILV)JINXINGCHANSHIDEYIBANXINGMOSHI(HUOYUEMOXING)”[2]24。ZHICI,AGYULEWANGJINBUZHUYAOWEN: “LISHIYOUGUILVMA?”YOUXUEZHEXITONGSHULILEERSHISHIJIZHONGGUOSHIXUEJIEDUILISHIGUILVWENTIDETANTAO,RENGMEIYOUDECHUZUIZHONGDEDAAN。[19]LINGYAOZHUYIDESHI,LISHIGUILVBUDENGYUWENHUAXUEHUOWENMINGXUEYIYISHANGDESHEHUIYUWENMINGDEBIANQIANJIZHI。BIRU,MAKESIYIJUZHENGFUYINDUDEALABOREN、TUERQIREN、MOWOERRENDENGLUOHOUMINZUBUJIUJIUBEIDANGDIJUMINTONGHUADESHILI,ZONGJIECHU“YITIAOYONGHENGDELISHIGUILV”[20]768——YEMANDEZHENGFUZHEZONGSHIBEINEIXIETAMENSUOZHENGFUDEJIAOGAODEWENMINGSUOZHENGFU。JINTIANKANLAI,PANDUANWENMINGGAOXIADECHIDUSHIBUQUEDINGDE。YINCI,ZHEITIAO“YONGHENGDELISHIGUILV”GENGXIANGSHIYIZHONGWENMINGBIANQIANDETEZHENG。CHENGRAN,CONGXUNHUANSHIGUAN、JINBUSHIGUAN、TUIBUSHIGUANHUOQITASHIGUANDESHIYEKAN,LISHIZAIRENSHILUNYIYISHANGHUOYOUMOUZHONGSUOWEIDEGUILV。YOUXUEZHEJIESHISHUO: “SUOWEIDUIXIANXIANGHEGUOCHENGNEIZAIYINSUHEWAIBULIANXIDEGUINAZONGJIE,SHITONGGUODUIDUOCICHUXIANDELISHIXIANXIANGHEGUOCHENGDEFENXI,ZHAOCHUDAOZHIZHEIXIEXIANXIANGHEGUOCHENGZAIYIDINGWAIBUTIAOJIANXIACHUXIANDENEIZAIYUANYIN,YEJIAGYULEWANGSUOSHUODE‘BENZHIDEGUILV’。”[21]BUGUO,LISHIXIANXIANGYUGUOCHENGZAIHEZHONGCENGMIANHUOCHENGDUSHANG“FANFUCHUXIAN”,HAISHIXUYAOSIKAODEWENTI。QIEYIWEI,ZHISHIZHEDERENWUBUSHIXUNZHAOLISHIGUILV,ERSHICONGMOUXIEXIANGSIDELISHISHIJIANZHONGXUNZHAOLISHIBIANQIANDEJIZHI、QUSHIHEZHIHUI。

 

YOUSHANGKEJIAN,JINGUAN《SHANBIAN》DUI“LISHIGUILV”DESIKAOYOUDAISHANGLIANG,DANQIDUISHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIULILUNYUFANGFADEZHENGTISIKAOQUEYOUDUDAOZHICHU,LINGRENERMUYIXIN。QUANSHILISHIDERENHEXITONGLILUNDEJIANGOU,XUYAOMANZU“NEIYUAN”YU“WAITUI”LIANGGETIAOJIAN。“NEIYUAN”SHIZICHENGLUOJITIXI,KEYIWANZHENGDIJIESHIGUOQUDELISHI;“WAITUI”SHIYIJUGUOQUYUXIANZAI,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZHUNQUEYUCEWEILAI。BUNENGMANZUZHEILIANGGETIAOJIANDELISHILILUNYEJIUBUJUBEIYANJIULISHISHIXIANGDEJIESHILIYUZHIDAOYIYI。LISHILILUNDEJIANGOUBIRANSHEJISHIGUAN,SHEJIDUIRENLEILISHIDEZHENGTIXING、GENBENXINGYUXITONGXINGDERENSHIYUBAWO。《SHANBIAN》JIANGSHEHUIWENHUASHITISHENGWEIYIZHONGSHIGUANDEKANFA,FARENSHENSI。SHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIULILUNJIANGOUDEQIANLIYUHUOLIDANGZAICICHU。

 

五、社会文化史研究可能的未来走向

 

AG娱乐网TAOLUN《SHANBIAN》YISHUDEZHANGDUANDESHI,BENSHENYESHIZAITAOLUNZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHIWEILAIDEKENENGXINGZOUXIANG。QIGUANJIANBUFENHAISHIXUSHI、SHILIAO、YANJIUSHIJIAOYULILUNJIANGOUWENTI。

 

BIEZHIDEWEIGUANXUSHIYOUWEIZHONGYAO。MEIYOUJINGCAIDEXUSHI,SHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUZHINENGJIRENYIMOUZHONGYUSHEDEKUANGJIAFUJIASUOSUISHILIDEYINXIANG。DANGRAN,SHEHUIWENHUASHIBUHUIXIANGGEMINGSHIYUXIANDAIHUAXUSHIYIYANGJINXINGHONGDAXUSHI,ERSHIYINGLIZUYUZISHENDETESEJINXINGWEIGUANXUSHI,CONGJUYOUWENHUAQUANXIXINGDEWEIGUANXUSHIZHONGZHANSHIGUANGYIDESHEHUITIXIJIQIYUNZUO(BIRUZHENGZHITIZHIYUQUANLI)DECHANGJING,CHENGXIANGETISHENGMINGDEGEXINGHUACUNZAIYUHUODONG。ZHEIZHONGXUSHIJIANGSUOSUIDESHENGHUOSUIPIANSHIWEIKEYIZHESHETAIYANGGUANGHUIDESHUIDI,QUELI“ZIXIAERSHANG”DEGUANCHASHIJIAO,GENGFUHELIUZHIQINXIANSHENGSUOYAN“TIEJINSHEHUIXIACENGKANLISHI”[22]DESHEHUIWENHUASHIDINGWEI,YEQIHEGUOYUHUAJIAOSHOUTICHUDE“QINGTINGDICENG”[23]SHENGYINDECHANGYI。ZHEIZAIXUSHIZHONGZIRANHUICHENGXIANCHUBUTONGYUGEMINGSHIYUXIANDAIHUASHIDELISHIMIANKONG,SHENZHIKEYIXIWEIDAOCONGYIGERENDEHUXIZHONGZHANSHIZHENGZHIYUNDONG、ZIRANZAIHAIHUOQITAJUBIANYINSUDUISHEHUISHENCHUDEYINGXIANG。SHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUWEILAIZOUXIANGDEZHONGXINBUSHIJIEJIANSHEHUIXUE、RENLEIXUEHUOQITASHEHUIXUEKEDELILUNYUFANGFA,ERSHIYAOJIANGYIGEYOURENWU、YOUQINGJIEDEBIEZHIDEHAOGUSHI。

 

JINGUANSHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUJUYOUDIANFANXINGDEWEIGUANXUSHISHIFENXISHAO,DANRUGUOBUZHUYIHUIGUIZHANGYUJINGCAIXUSHIDEZHONGGUOSHIXUECHUANTONG,SHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUDEWEILAIJINGXIANGSHIBURONGLEGUAN。JIANGOUSHEHUIWENHUASHITESEDEXUSHI,NEIKEXUEXIERSHISISHIDEYIYOUJINGYAN,WAIKEJIEJIANXIFANGXINWENHUASHIDEXINSHENGMOSHI,BIRUWANGDIDUIJINDAICHENGDOUCHAGUANDEXUSHI。JISHISHISHIJINGQIAN《WANGSHIZHISI: DALISHIBEIHOUDEXIAORENWUMINGYUN》ZHEIYANGDEWENXUEHUAXUSHI,《TUMAOJI: FAGUOWENHUASHIGOUCHEN》ZHEIYANGDE“XINLINGSHI”SUIBITILI,DOUYOUKEFANGZHICHU。XUSHIZHEYIXINCUNYIXIAOJIANDAZHIYI,TIHUI52NIANQIANSHENYUANYI《JIJIUPIAN》WEI“HANDAISHEHUISHENGHUODEYIMIANJINGZI”[24]DEYANJIULUSHU,TIHUIZHENGZHENDUOSUOYANSUWENXUERUHECHENGXIAN“LINGYIGEZHONGGUO”DEDUTEYANGUANG[25]。RUOSHIKUACHUXUEKEFANLI,YIKEJIANG《LINCUNDEGUSHI: YIJIUSIJIUNIANHOUDEZHONGGUONONGCUNBIANGE》[26]SHIWEIYIBUJUYOUXIANCHANGGANDENONGCUNDANGZHIBUSHUJISHIJIAODEWEIGUANXUSHIZHIZUO。

 

AG娱乐网SHEHUIWENHUASHIDEWEIGUANXUSHIXUYAOFENGFUDEXIJIEZILIAO,JINPINGLIUZAIZHIMEISHANGDEZHIYANPIANYUYUANYUANBUGOU。RUOYAOHUOQULISHIDEXIJIEZILIAO,FEIQINZIDAOLISHIXIANCHANGJINXINGTIANYEDIAOCHABUKE。《SHANBIAN》POWEIKANZHONGDELISHIRENLEIXUEFANGFA,QUESHIYOUXIAODALAOYILUOZAIMINJIANDELISHISUIPIANDEZHONGYAOQUDAOZHIYI。ZAIJINXINGTIANYEDIAOCHAZHISHI,DIAOCHAZHETONGCHANGYOUYIZHONGQINGXIANG,JIBAZIJIDANG“JUWAIREN”,BADANGSHIRENDANGCHENG“JUNEIREN”。DANYAOZHENZHENGLIJIEBEIDIAOCHAZHE,DIAOCHAZHEHAIXUYAOJINKENENGDITIYAN“JUNEIREN”DELICHANGYUGANSHOU。BIRUZAIMINJIANXINYANGXISUYANJIUSHANG,MINGUOSHIQIYANJINGDAXUEDEXUESHENGLIWEIZUDUIDANGSHIBEIJINGMINJIAN“SIDAMEN”XINYANGXISUDEDIAOCHA[27],JIUYUNYONGLE“JUNEIREN”DEGUANCHAFA,SHENKEJIEDULEGAIXINYANGXISUDETEZHI。JISHIZAIJINTIANKANLAI,QIXUESHUSHUIZHUNBUDIYUYIXIEBOSHIXUEWEILUNWEN。DIAOCHAZHEDETOUNAOZHONGSHIBUKEYUSHESUOWEICAOGENWENHUALUOHOU、JINGYINGWENHUAXIANJINDEGUANNIAN。BURAN,DIAOCHAZHEJIUBUNENGZOUJINMINJIANSHEHUIDEXINLING,YEJIUWANBUCHENGZIXIAERSHANGDEJIEDIQIDEWEIGUANXUSHI。SHENKELEJIEMINJIANSHIYEHUOSHEHUIDICENGSHENGYIN,XUYAOCHONGFENTONGQINGMINJIANDELICHANG、QINGGAN、JINGYANYUSIWEIFANGSHI。SHENRUMINJIANDEDIAOCHAZHEKENENGHUIGANJUEDAOZISHENDESHENGMINGGUANYULISHIRENSHILUNDOUXUYAOFANSI,YEHUIDUI《SHANBIAN》YANJIUQISHISUOYANDEWENMINGCHIDU——“RENRENPINGDENG”、“GEXINGJIEFANG”、“ ZHUIQIUSHENGHUOXINGFUGAN”[2]516-519YOUGENGSHENKEDELIJIE。

 

WEILAIDESHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUBUJINYAOYOUTESEDEWEIGUANXUSHI,GENGYAOYOUTESEDEQUANSHILISHIDELILUNJIANGOU。ANZHAO《SHANBIAN》ZUOZHEDELIYI,“SHEHUIWENHUASHI”YAOCHENGWEIYIZHONGXINSHIGUAN。ZHEIYISHEXIANGSHIXIANDEJICHUSHIJIANLIYIZHONGLEISIYUGEMINGSHIHUOXIANDAIHUADEFANSHI。RUGUOSHUOSHEHUIWENHUASHIBENSHENSHIYIZHONGFANSHI,NEIME,ZHEIZHONGFANSHIJIBENDELILUNJIAGOUSHISHENME?CIWENTIZHIJINSHANGWEIYOUDAAN。RUOCONGQIYANJIUDEZHUYAODUIXIANG——SHEHUISHENGHUOCHUFA,HUOKEJIANGOUYIZHONGXINDELISHIQUANSHITIXI。YOUYUSHEHUISHENGHUODEGAINIANSHAOXIANMOHU,BUFANGYIZHAO《SHANBIAN》DUIXIAYIDESHEHUISHENGHUODEJIESHI,ZHIJIEYUNYONG“RICHANGSHENGHUO”ZUOWEISHEHUIWENHUASHIFANSHIDEHEXINGAINIAN。

 

CHENGRAN,WANJINYILAIDESHEHUISHIYANJIUGENGZAOYIXIEZHUYIDAOZUOWEIJUTIYANJIULINGYUDERICHANGSHENGHUOYUSHENGHUOFANGSHI。[15]YOUXUEZHETICHU,SHEHUISHIYANJIUYAOCONGSHEHUISHENGHUOZHUANXIANGRICHANGSHENGHUO,JIANLIRICHANGSHENGHUOYULISHIBIANDONGDELIANXI,WAJUERICHANGSHENGHUOLINGYUDEFEIRICHANGSHENGHUOYINSU。[28]“LIZUYUMINZHONGDERICHANGHUODONG”DESHENGHUOSHIYANJIUXUYAO“CONGSHENGHUOFANGSHISHANGBAWOMINZHONG”,“BINGJIESHIMINZHONGSHENGHUOYUZHENGQUANDEGUANXIYIJILISHIBIANDONGDAILAIDEYINGXIANG”[15]。ZHEIDANGRANBINGBURONGYI,ZHENGRUSANGBINGXIANSHENGSUOYAN,“XINWENHUASHIHEXINSHEHUISHIYIFANGMIANYANXUYOUJINGYINGERDAZHONGDEQUXIANG,YIFANGMIANZEYOUQUNTIERGEAN,YIXIAORENWUDESHIJIAOGUSHIDIANFUJINGYINGHEQUNTIDELISHIXUSHU。ZHISHIBIXUXIANSHISUOXUANRENWUYUQUNTINAIZHISHEHUIZHENGTIDEGUANXI,CAINENGCHENGXIANYIYI,QUEBINGFEIQINGERYIJUZHISHI”[3]93。SHENZHIHAIYOUXUEZHETIDAOCONGRICHANGSHENGHUOGUANCHAJINDAIZHONGGUOBIANQIANDEKENENGXINGWENTI。[29]BUGUO,BIZHERENWEI,CONGRICHANGSHENGHUODESHIJIAOSIKAOJINDAIZHONGGUOBIANQIANBINGBUCUNZAINANYIKEFUDEZHANGAI。

 

AG娱乐网YUSHEHUISHIYANJIUDERICHANGSHENGHUOSHAOYOUBUTONG,SHEHUIWENHUASHITAOLUNDERICHANGSHENGHUOYIBINGKANZHONGSHEHUIGEJIECENGDERICHANGSHENGHUO,ERFEIZHUANWEISHEHUIDICENGDEDAZHONGZHUNBEI。ZHENGRULIUZHIQINXIANSHENGYIZAIQIANGDIAOZHONGSHIDUIZHONGGUOLISUHUDONGDETAOLUN[30],BUTONGJIECENG、BUTONGQUNTIDERICHANGSHENGHUOGURANYOUBIANJIE,DANBINGFEIJINGWEIFENMING,ERSHIYOUZHEQIANSIWANLVDELIANXI,SHANGZHEYILIHUASU,XIAZHECHENGSURULI。LIYUSUSHIYIDUITAOLUNZHONGGUOJINDAISHEHUIGEJIECENGRICHANGSHENGHUOSHANBIANDEZUIYOUTESEDECIHUI。HULVELEZHEIYIDUIGAINIAN,HENNANSHUOQINGZHONGGUOJINDAIRICHANGSHENGHUOJIQIFANGSHIDEBIANYUBUBIAN。JIANGGEJIECENG、GEQUNTIDERICHANGSHENGHUOYIBINGTAOLUN,SIKEGENGQINGXIDICHENGXIANSHEHUIDEZHENGTIXINGTAIYURENZUOWEILISHIZHUTIDEZHONGXINDIWEI。GENGJINYIBUSHUO,SHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUJIANGRICHANGSHENGHUOTISHENGDAOLISHIBENTIDEGAODU。YILIZEHOUXIANSHENGZHIYAN,“SUOWEI‘LISHIBENTI’HUO‘RENLEIXUELISHIBENTI’BINGBUSHIMOUZHONGCHOUXIANGWUTI,BUSHILISHI、GUANNIAN、JUEDUIJINGSHEN、YISHIXINGTAIDENGDENG,TAZHISHIMEIGEHUOSHENGSHENGDEREN(GETI)DERICHANGSHENGHUOBENSHEN”[31]19-20。SHANGZHIMIAOTANGZHIJUN,XIAZHIJIANGHUZHIMIN,QIRICHANGSHENGHUOSHIZUIBENZHIDELISHIZHUTI,SHILISHIZHIWANG。HUOZHESHUO,SHEHUIWANSHIJIECONGSHUYURICHANGSHENGHUO,ERRICHANGSHENGHUOBUCONGSHUYURENHEJUXIANGHUOCHOUXIANGDESHIWU。WUYI,ZHEISHIYIZHONGDUTEDEGUANCHASHIYE,YIZHONGXINYINGDELISHIRENSHI。YICIWEIJICHU,AGYULEWANGKEYIGENGDUODILIJIE《YANANRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGDELISHI》[32]、《YIGECUNZHUANGLIDEZHONGGUO》[33]DENGLEISIZUOPINDEXUSHIMEILIYUXIANSHIGUANHUAI,YEHUIGENGHAODILIJIEFAGUONIANJIANXUEPAIDIERDAIXUEZHEFEIERNAN·BULUODAIERTANTAO15SHIJIZHI18SHIJIXIOUZIBENZHUYIDEXINGQIWEIHECONG“BIANCHENGJIEGOU”、“QINRUSHEHUIDEMEIGECENGCI”DERICHANGSHENGHUORUSHOU。[34]27ZAOZAISHIJINIANQIAN,LEIYIXIANSHENGTANDAORICHANGSHENGHUOYULISHIYANJIUDEGUANXI,TAYANSUDIZHICHU,“CONG‘RICHANGSHENGHUO’DEJIAODULAIKAN, SHISHUZHONGYOUSHIKANSI‘WUGUANTONGYANG’DEYIJUHUAHUOYIGECHOUXIANGDEGAINIANHOUMIAN,WANGWANGSHIGUANQIANBAIWANRENDEBEIHUANLIHE,YISHENGYISHI。QISHI,ZHEICAISHILISHIYANJIUZUIZHONGYAODENEIRONG”;“PINGMINDAZHONGDE‘RICHANGSHENGHUO’ZHONGYOU‘BAISHI’CHENGWEI‘ZHENGSHI’。ZHEIZHONGZHUANBIAN,QISHISHILISHIGUANDEZHONGDAZHUANBIAN,YIYIDEQUESHENYUAN”[35]。CHENGRAN,XIANGDUIYUJINGYINGDERICHANGSHENGHUOERYAN,CAOGENDERICHANGSHENGHUOXUYAOGENGDUODEGUANZHUYUTAOLUN。

 

WEILAIDESHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUTAOLUNRICHANGSHENGHUO,XUYAOZOUJINPUTONGRENWUDEXINLINGSHIJIEYUMINGYUNLICHENG。LISHIXUEZHEGUANZHURENLEIMINGYUN,“ZAIQIXIANSHIXINGHEBENZHISHANG,JISHIGUANZHUGETIXINGRENDESHENGMINGCUNZAI、SHENGMINGYUNDONGJISHENGMINGBIAOXIAN”[36]。ZHEISHISHEHUIWENHUASHIXUEZHEDEWENTIYISHIDECHUFADIANYULUOJIAODIAN,YESHIMAKESI、ENGESISUOYAN“QUANBURENLEILISHIDEDIYIGEQIANTI”SHI“YOUSHENGMINGDEGERENDECUNZAI”[37]67DENEIZAIYAOQIU。YICIWEISHEHUIWENHUASHIDELISHIXUSHIYUTAOLUNDELICHANG,ZIRANGENGRONGYIYUDANGJINXIFANG“CONGWAIDAONEI”ZHUANXINGDESHIXUESHIJIANJINXINGDUIHUA[12]。YOUCIKEYIGENGSHENKEDILIJIE《MENGTAYOU》、《MADING•GAIERGUILAI》、《NAILAOHECHONGZI》、《TUMAOJI》YU《FAGUODAGEMINGSHIQIDEJIATINGLUOMANSHI》DENGXIFANGXINWENHUASHIDIANFANXINGZHUZUODERENWENMEILI,JI“TAMENZHANSHILEAGYULEWANGZIJIDEXIANSHIDESHENGMINGCUNZAIDEBENZHI,CONGERCONGZHANGQIBEILISHIXUEJIAYIWANGDEDIFANGZHENGJIUCHUBINGJIDADIFENGFULEAGYULEWANGZIJIDEXIANSHIDESHENGMINGCUNZAIDESHENCENGDEBENZHIXINGNEIRONG”[36]。

 

AG娱乐网《SHANBIAN》CONGSHIZHENGYANJIUDAOLILUNTANSUO,JITIXIANLEZHONGGUOJINDAISHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUDETESE,YEZHANSHILEGAILINGYUCUNZAIDE“PINGJING”WENTI,ZHENGRULIANGJINGHEXIANSHENGSUOYAN,GAISHU“ZHISHIWEISHENRUYANJIUZHEIYILINGYUSUOZUODEQIANQIPUDIAN,CUNZAIDEWENTIZIRANHENDUO”[2]552。RUHETUIDONGSHEHUIWENHUASHIYANJIUTUPO“PINGJING”,JIANKANGCHENGZHANG,SHIZHIDEXUEJIEGUANGFANSHENRUSIKAODEZHONGYAOWENTI。

 

BENWENZUOWEIYIPIANZHAJI,ERFEI《SHANBIAN》PINGLUN,KONGWEINENGJINSHUGAISHUDEJINGCAIZHICHU。QUJIE、WUJIEGAISHUZHICHU,QINGZUOZHEYUDUZHEZAIPIPING。ZHEIZHONGDUSHUHOUDEAGYULEWANG,YOUHECHANGBUSHIXUEZHEDERICHANGSHENGHUONI?

 

参考文献:

 

[1]LIUZHIQIN,LIANGJINGHE,LIZHANGLI.SHEHUIWENHUASHI: SHIXUEYANJIUDEYOUYIXINLUJING[J].GUANGMINGRIBAO,2009-08-17(12).

 

AG娱乐网[2]LIANGJINGHE.XIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHANBIANYANJIU(1919—1949)——YIHUNYIN·JIATING·FUNV·XINGLUN·YULEWEIZHONGXIN[M].BEIJING: SHEHUIKEXUEWENXIANCHUBANSHE,2013.

 

[3]SANGBING.ZHONGGUOJINXIANDAISHIDEGUANTONGYUZHIAI[M]//XUXIULI.GUOQUDEJINGYANYUWEILAIDEKENENGZOUXIANG——ZHONGGUOJINDAISHIYANJIUSANSHINIAN(1979—2009)[M].BEIJING: SHEHUIKEXUEWENXIANCHUBANSHE,2010.

 

[4]MENGWENTONG.ZHIXUEZAYU[M]//MENGMO.MENGWENTONGXUEJI(ZENGBUBEN).BEIJING: SHENGHUO·DUSHU·XINZHISANLIANSHUDIAN,2006.

 

[5]WANGRONGZU.SHIXUEJIUZHANG[M].BEIJING: SHENGHUO·DUSHU·XINZHISANLIANSHUDIAN,2006.

 

[6]XIAMINGFANG.ZHONGGUOJINDAILISHIYANJIUFANGFADEXINCHENDAIXIE——XINGEMINGSHIFANSHIDAOLUN[J].JINDAISHIYANJIU,2010(2).

 

AG娱乐网[7]MAOHAIJIAN.ZHONGGUOJINDAIZHENGZHISHIMIANDUIDETIAOZHANJIQISIKAO[J].SHILIN,2006(6).

 

AG娱乐网[8]LUOZHITIAN.JINSANSHINIANZHONGGUOJINDAISHIYANJIUDEBIANYUBUBIAN[J].SHEHUIKEXUEYANJIU,2008(6).

 

[9]ZHOUKAI.XUESHENGPINXINGZHIFOUGUANYUSHEHUIWENHUAZHIJINTUISHUO[J].LONGMENSHIFANXUEXIAOFUSHUXIAOXUEXIAOZAZHI,1908(1).

 

[10]LINTIANMU.SHEHUIWENHUADESHIDEJIANTAOYUDAZHONGWENHUA[J].FUJIANWENHUABANYUEKAN,1935(5).

 

AG娱乐网[11]YUTIANXIU.SHEHUIWENHUAYANJIUFA[M].BEIJING: BEIJINGDAXUEFAXUEYUANSHEHUIKEXUEJIKAN,1942.

 

[12]LIANGJINGHE.AGYULEWANGWEISHENMEYAOYANJIUJINDAILOUSUWENHUA[j].SHOUDOUSHIFANDAXUEXUEBAO:SHEHUIKEXUEBAN,2000(6).

 

[13]LIUZHIQIN.QINGSHIYOUDAIKENTIANHUANG(DAIXU)[M]//JINDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUABIANQIANLU:DI1JUAN.HANGZHOU: ZHEJIANGRENMINCHUBANSHE,1998.

 

AG娱乐网[14]ZUOYUHE.TUPOPINGJING: ZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHIDELILUNYUFANGFA[J].JINYANGXUEKAN,2012(3).

 

[15]CHANGJIANHUA.ZHONGGUOSHEHUISHENGHUOSHISHANGSHENGHUODEYIYI[J].LISHIJIAOXUE,2012(1).

 

[16]YIJUNQING.XIANDAIHUAYURICHANGSHENGHUOPIPAN——RENZISHENXIANDAIHUADEWENHUATOUSHI[M].BEIJING: RENMINCHUBANSHE,2005.

 

[17]LIUYONGHUA.ZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHIDUBEN:BIANHOUJI[M].BEIJING: BEIJINGDAXUECHUBANSHE,2011.

 

[18]LIANGJINGHE,JIANGHONG,ZHANGCHI.ZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHILILUNYUSHIJIANSHULUN[J].SHOUDOUSHIFANDAXUEXUEBAO:SHEHUIKEXUEBAN,2011 (4).

 

[19]HUANGMINLAN.ERSHISHIJIZHONGGUOSHIXUEJIEDUILISHIGUILVWENTIDETANTAO[J].SHIXUEYUEKAN,2003(1).

 

AG娱乐网[20]MAKESI.BULIEDIANZAIYINDUTONGZHIDEWEILAIJIEGUO[M]//MAKESIENGESIXUANJI:DI1JUAN.BEIJING: RENMINCHUBANSHE,1995.

 

AG娱乐网[21]WANGHE,ZHOUDUO.SHILUNLISHIGUILV[J].LISHIYANJIU,1987(5).

 

AG娱乐网[22]LIUZHIQIN.TIEJINSHEHUIXIACENGKANLISHI[J].DUSHU,1998(8).

 

[23]GUOYUHUA.QINGTINGDICENG: AGYULEWANGRUHEJIANGSHUKUNAN[M].GUILIN: GUANGXISHIFANDAXUECHUBANSHE,2011.

 

AG娱乐网[24]SHENYUAN.《JIJIUPIAN》YANJIU[J].LISHIYANJIU,1962(3).

 

AG娱乐网[25]ZHENGZHENDUO.《ZHONGGUOSUWENXUESHI》XU[M].BEIJING: ZHONGYANGBIANYICHUBANSHE,2013.

 

AG娱乐网[26]HUANGSHUMIN.LINCUNDEGUSHI: YIJIUSIJIUNIANHOUDEZHONGGUONONGCUNBIANGE[M].BEIJING: SHENGHUO·DUSHU·XINZHISANLIANSHUDIAN,2002.

 

[27]LIWEIZU.SIDAMEN[M].ZHOUXING,BUBIAN.BEIJING: BEIJINGDAXUECHUBANSHE,2011.

 

AG娱乐网[28]CHANGJIANHUA.CONGSHEHUISHENGHUODAORICHANGSHENGHUO——ZHONGGUOSHEHUISHIYANJIUDEZAICHUFA[N].RENMINRIBAO,2010-03-31.

 

AG娱乐网[29]LIANLINGLING.DIANFANYIHUOWEIJI·“RICHANGSHENGHUO”ZAIZHONGGUOJINDAISHIYANJIUDEYINGYONGJIQIWENTI[J].XINSHIXUE,2006,17(4):259—269.

 

[30]LIUZHIQIN.LISUWENHUADEZAIYANJIU——HUIYINGWENHUAYANJIUDEXINSICHAO[J].SHIXUELILUNYANJIU,2005(1).

 

[31]LIZEHOU.LISHIBENTILUN·JIMAOWUSHUO(ZENGDINGBEN)[M].BEIJING: SHENGHUO·DUSHU·XINZHISANLIANSHUDIAN,2006.

 

[32]ZHUHONGZHAO.YANANRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGDELISHI(1937—1947)[M].GUILIN: GUANGXISHIFANDAXUECHUBANSHE,2007。

 

[33]XIONGPEIYUN.YIGECUNZHUANGLIDEZHONGGUO[M].BEIJING: XINXINGCHUBANSHE,2011.

 

[34]BULUODAIER.15ZHI18SHIJIDEWUZHIWENMING、JINGJIHEZIBENZHUYI:DI1JUAN. GULIANG,SHIKANGQIANG.BEIJING: SHENGHUO·DUSHU·XINZHISANLIANSHUDIAN,1992.

 

AG娱乐网[35]LEIYI.“RICHANGSHENGHUO”YULISHIYANJIU[J].SHIXUELILUNYANJIU,2000(3).

 

[36]ZHOUXIANGSEN.ZHUANXIANGRENDENEIZAISHENGMINGCUNZAI——TIGAOZHONGGUOSHIJIESHIXUEKEYANJIUSHUIPINGDEBENTILUNQIANTI[J].SHIXUEYUEKAN,2012(2).

 

[37]MAKESI,ENGESI.DEYIZHIYISHIXINGTAI[M]//MAKESIENGESIXUANJI:DI1JUAN.BEIJING: RENMINCHUBANSHE,1995.

 

注释:

 

[1]AN: DALUXUEJIEYIJIAOWEIPUBIANDIJIANG1840NIANYAPIANZHANZHENGBAOFAZHI1949NIANXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHEIYIDUANLISHICHENGWEIZHONGGUOJINDAISHI,JIANGXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHIJINDELISHICHENGWEIZHONGGUOXIANDANGDAISHI。BIZHEJIANG1919NIANZHI1949NIANJIANDEZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHISHIWEIZHONGGUOJINDAISHIDEFENZHILINGYU。WEIXUSHUFANGBIAN,ZUNZHONG《XIANDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUASHANBIANYANJIU(1919—1949)——YIHUNYIN·JIATING·FUNV·XINGLUN·YULEWEIZHONGXIN》ZISHENHUADINGDESHIJIANDUANXIAN,RENGCHENGGAIZHUZUOWEIZHONGGUOXIANDAISHIYANJIUZUOPIN。

 

AG娱乐网[2]CANKAOMAMIN: 《ZHUIXUNYISHIDEJIETOUJIYI——WANGDIZHU〈JIETOUWENHUA: CHENGDOUGONGGONGKONGJIAN、XIACENGMINZHONGYUDIFANGZHENGZHI,1870—1930〉PINGSHU》,JIANGJIN、LIDEYINGZHUBIAN: 《JINDAIZHONGGUOCHENGSHIYUDAZHONGWENHUA》,XINXINGCHUBANSHE2008NIANBAN,DI360-362YE。

 

[3]MAYONG: 《XINWENHUASHIZAIZHONGGUO: GUOQU、XIANZAIYUWEILAI》,《SHIXUELILUNYANJIU》2013NIANDI1QI。

 

AG娱乐网[4]MAMIN: 《ZHUIXUNYISHIDEJIETOUJIYI——WANGDIZHU〈JIETOUWENHUA: CHENGDOUGONGGONGKONGJIAN、XIACENGMINZHONGYUDIFANGZHENGZHI,1870-1930〉PINGSHU》,JIANGJIN、LIDEYINGZHUBIAN: 《JINDAIZHONGGUOCHENGSHIYUDAZHONGWENHUA》,DI365YE。

 

[5]MAMIN: 《ZHUIXUNYISHIDEJIETOUJIYI——WANGDIZHU〈JIETOUWENHUA: CHENGDOUGONGGONGKONGJIAN、XIACENGMINZHONGYUDIFANGZHENGZHI,1870-1930〉PINGSHU》,JIANGJIN、LIDEYINGZHUBIAN: 《JINDAIZHONGGUOCHENGSHIYUDAZHONGWENHUA》,DI365YE。

 

[6]AGYULEWANGXIANGGUANDEWENZHANGJIAODUO,RUZHOUDONGHUA: 《ZHONGGUOJINXIANDAISHIYANJIUDE“XIANDAIHUAFANSHI”——DUILIANGZHONGPIPINGYIJIANDEFANPIPING》,《XUESHUJIE》2002NIANDI5QI;DONGZHENGHUA: 《DUOZHONG“FANSHI”BINGCUNYOUYIYUSHIXUEDEFANRONG》,《SHIXUELILUNYANJIU》2003NIANDI3QI;DONGZHENGHUA: 《CONGLISHIFAZHANDUOXIANXINGDAOSHIXUEFANSHIDUOYANGHUA——WEIRAO“YIYIYUANDUOXIANLUNWEIJICHUDEXIANDAIHUAFANSHI”DETAOLUN》,《SHIXUEYUEKAN》2004NIANDI5QI;ZHOUDONGHUA: 《ZHENGQUEDUIDAIZHONGGUOJINDAISHIYANJIUDE“XIANDAIHUAFANSHI”HE“GEMINGFANSHI”——YUWUJIANJIE、GONGSHUDUODENGXIANSHENGSHANGQUE》,《SHEHUIKEXUELUNTAN》2005NIANDI5QI;CAILIQIANG: 《ZHONGGUOJINDAISHILIANGDAYANJIUFANSHIDEJIBENNEIHANYUXIANGHUGUANXI》,《JIANGXISHEHUIKEXUE》2006NIANDI12QI;XIAMINGFANG: 《ZHONGGUOJINDAILISHIYANJIUFANGFADEXINCHENDAIXIE——XINGEMINGSHIFANSHIDAOLUN》,《JINDAISHIYANJIU》2010NIANDI2QI,DENGDENG。

 

[7]AN: BEIJINGSHIFANDAXUEZHENGSHIQUJIAOSHOUTICHU,GEMINGSHISHUXIESHANGYOUFANLI(JIQUANWEIXUESHULUNZHU),ERXIANDAIHUASHIZELIANFANLIDOUMEIYOU。《JINDAISHIYANJIU》QIKANDEBIANSHENXIEWEIXIANSHENGRENWEI: “XIANDAIHUASHIDEYANJIUMEIYOUFANLI,SHIYINWEIDUIYUZHONGGUO,TEBIESHIZHONGGUONEIDILAISHUO,JINGJIFANGMIANXIANDAIHUADEQIFEIZHISHIJINSANSHINIANDESHI。YOUXUEZHECENGZHICHU: XIANDAIHUADENEIHANSUISHIFENKUANFAN,JICHUQUESHIYEZHINENGSHIGONGYEHUA,DANJINDAIZHONGGUOGONGYEHUACHENGDUJIDUDIXIA,ZHIDAO1949NIAN,GONGYECHANZHIYEBUGUOZHANJINGJIZONGLIANGDE5%ZUOYOU,ZHONGGUORENGRANSHIYIGECHUANTONGDENONGYEGUO。ZHEIHAIZHISHIJIUJINGJIFANGMIANLAISHUODE。GENGZHONGYAODESHI,XIANDAIHUABUNENGZHISHIJIANJIGEGONGCHANG,XIUJITIAOTIELU,TAHAIYINGBIAOXIANZAISHEHUIFANGMIANHESIXIANGWENHUAFANGMIAN,BIAOXIANZAIRENMENDESIXIANGFANGSHI、XINGWEIFANGSHIHESHENGHUOFANGSHISHANG,BIAOXIANZAIRENDEXIANDAIHUASHANG。CONGZHEIGEYIYISHANGSHUO,ZHIDAOJINTIANAGYULEWANGCAIKEYIZAIZHONGGUODEDAZHONGCHENGSHILIKANDAOXIANDAIHUADERENHEXIANDAIHUADESHEHUI。YINCI,YONGXIANDAIHUALILUNYANJIUMEIYOUXIANDAIHUADEJINDAIZHONGGUO,JIUNANMIANWUDEFANGSHI。”ZHENG、XIELIANGWEIXIANSHENGDEKANFAQUESHILINGRENSHENSI。YANGEERYAN,1840—1956NIANJIANDEZHONGGUOHAISHIYIGECHUANTONGDENONGYEGUOJIA。CONGSHEHUIWENHUASHIDEJIAODUKAN,ZHEIYISHIQIJUEDABUFENDEZHONGGUORENHAISHENGHUOZAIGUYOUCHUANTONGZHONG,BINGMEIYOUSHIXIAN“RENDEXIANDAIHUA”。DANCHUNTIAOJIGEDACHENGSHIZHONGSHAOSHURENDEXINSHISHENGHUOGUANNIANHUOXINGWEIZUOWEISHILI,BINGBUNENGSHUOMINGDANGSHICHENGSHISHENGHUODEXIANDAIHUAYIJINGPUJI。

 

[8]JUBIZHELEJIE,LIANGJINGHEJIAOSHOUYUTADEYIXIEYANJIUSHENGMENYIJINGZHANKAIDUI1949NIANYILAIZHONGGUOXIANDANGDAISHEHUIWENHUADETAOLUN。ZHEIXIETAOLUNYU《LOUSU》、《SHANBIAN》LIANGSHUDEYANJIUFANWEIZAIXINGSHISHANGFUGAILE1840NIANDAO20SHIJI80NIANDAIDEZHANGSHIDUAN。BUGUO,TAOLUNZHEZAIJUTIWENTIDEKAOCHASHANGRENGGESHOUYIDUAN,QUESHAOGUANTONG,YIZHIYULISHIXUSHISHANGCHUXIANLEMINGXIANDEDUANLIE。

 

[9]AN: GAISHUSHOULULESIPIANLUNWEN,QIFENBIEWEI《ZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUAZHITEZHI》(RIBENDAOYEJUNSHANZHU,YANGXIANGYINYI)、《ZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHIBENZHIJIQIZUOYONG》、《ZHONGGUORENDERENSHENGZHEXUE》YU《ZHONGGUOGUDAISHEHUIGOUCHEN》。

 

[10]LIZHANGLI: 《SHEHUISHIYANJIUPINGJINGRUHETUPO》,《ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEBAO》2009NIAN10YUE15RI;JINDAIZHONGGUOYANJIUWANG,http://johnlylecreate.com/Item/8163.aspx,2009NIAN12YUE24RI。

 

AG娱乐网[11]LIZHANGLI: 《SHEHUISHIYANJIUPINGJINGRUHETUPO》,《ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEBAO》2009NIAN10YUE15RI;JINDAIZHONGGUOYANJIUWANG,http://johnlylecreate.com/Item/8163.aspx,2009NIAN12YUE24RI。

 

[12]ZHOUXIANGSENXIANSHENGRENWEI,DANGDAIXIFANGSHIXUESHIJIANZHONG“CONGWAIDAONEI”DEBIANHUA,CONGBENTILUNLICHANGSHANGSHUO,BENZHISHANGSHICONGRENDEWAIZAISHENGMINGCUNZAI(SHEHUIXINGCUNZAI)DAONEIZAISHENGMINGCUNZAI(GETIXINGCUNZAIWEIZHUJIZAICIQIANTIXIADESHEHUIXINGCUNZAI)DEBIANHUAHUOZHUANXIANG。JIANZHOUXIANGSEN: 《ZHUANXIANGRENDENEIZAISHENGMINGCUNZAI——TIGAOZHONGGUOSHIJIESHIXUEKEYANJIUSHUIPINGDEBENTILUNQIANTI》,《SHIXUEYUEKAN》2012NIANDI2QI。



上一篇: 罗志田 : 地方的近世史——“郡县空虚”时代的礼下庶人与乡里社会 下一篇: 许效正: 社会剧变中的佛教与国家——中华佛教总会与民初政府关系述评

推荐信息

ZUIXINREMEN

专题栏目


返回首页 | | |

    中国社会科学院近代史研究所 版权所有:AG娱乐网