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TANGSHICHUN: JINSANSHINIANLAIZHONGGUOSHEHUISHIYANJIUDEFUXINGYUTUOZHAN

作者: 文章来源:AG娱乐网

摘要: 近三十年来中国社会史研究的复兴与拓展过程中,视角与时空、师承与交游,无疑起了非常重要的作用。研究视角的转换能发现新对象、新面相,新视角的发现者或者运用者在拓展研究领域时最常用策略是时间上的前后延伸,空间上的伸缩。师承关系和交游常形成一个研究团队。研究团队中既有同声应和,也有互相碰撞,它使新的学术方法、学术理念和学术观点得以产生和传播。

 

关键词: AG娱乐网视角   时空  师承  交游   社会史

 

AG娱乐网JINSANSHINIANLAIZHONGGUOSHEHUISHIYANJIUDEFUXINGYUTUOZHANSHOUZHONGDUOYINSUDEYINGXIANG,QIZHONGSHICHENGYUJIAOYOU,SHIJIAOYUSHIKONGDEZHUANHUANWUYIQILEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。SHEHUISHICHANGDAOZHENGTISHI,DUISHEHUISHIYANJIUJINXINGFANSI,BUJINYAOCONGXUESHUNEIZAIMAILUOCHUFA,HAIYINGGAIFENXIZHICHENGXUESHUFAZHANDEWAIZAILILU。YAOSHENRUDILIJIEJINSANSHINIANLAIDEZHONGGUOSHEHUISHIYANJIU,SHISHEHUISHIYANJIUMAISHANGXINDETAIJIE,CONGSHIJIAOYUSHIKONGDEZHUANHUAN,SHICHENGYUJIAOYOURUSHOUJINXINGYIXIEJUTIDETANSUOWEICHANGBUNENGXUNZHAODAOYIXIEYOUXIAODETUJING。DUISHEHUISHIJINXINGZHENGTIPINGSHU,HUOSHIDUIQIZHONGMOUXIELINGYUDEHUIGUYUZHANWANGSHI,ZHEIXIEYINSUSHIBUSHIHUIBEITIJI,[①]BUGUO,RUHEBIANZHENGDILIJIEQIJIJIYUXIAOJIDEFANGMIAN,RENGYOUJINYIBUFANSIDEKONGJIAN。BENWENJIYONGSHEHUISHIDESHIJIAOTANTAOJINSANSHINIANLAIDESHEHUISHIYANJIU,KAOCHAYINGXIANGSHEHUISHIYANJIUDENEIWAIYINSU,BINGYICIWEIQIERUDIANLIJIEJINSANSHINIANDEXUESHUZHUANXING。

 

一、 视角: 对象与面相

 

AG娱乐网YANJIUSHIJIAOZHUANHUANSHIXUEZHEFAXIANLEYIXIEXINDELINGYU,YOULEXINDEYANJIUDUIXIANG。

 

20SHIJI80NIANDAI,ZHONGGUOSHEHUISHIYANJIUDEFUXINGDEYIYUYANJIUSHIJIAODEZHUANHUAN。1902NIAN,LIANGQICHAOFABIAOLE《XINSHIXUE》DENGWEN,CHANGDAOLISHIYANJIUYOUSHANGCENGSHEHUIZHUANXIANGXIACENG,YOUZHENGZHISHIZHUANXIANGWENHUASHI。20SHIJIQIANBANQI,SHEHUISHIZAISHIXUEBIANGEDEQIZHIXIAZHUJIANFAZHANQILAI。20SHIJI50ZHI80NIANDAI,SHEHUISHIYIDUCHENJI。WENGEZHIHOU,SIXIANGDEDAOJIEFANGDEXUEZHEMENKAISHIZHUANHUANSHIJIAO,TICHANGYANJIUMINJIANDE、SHEHUIDE、PUTONGMINZHONGDELISHI。YANJIUSHIJIAODEXIAYI,FAXIANLEWUXIANFENGFUDESHEHUISHIYANJIUKETI,CUSHILESHEHUISHIDEFANRONG。SHEHUISHIFUXINGZHICHUDELILUNFENQIZHIYIWEISHEHUISHIJIUJINGSHILISHIXUEDEYIGEFENZHIXUEKE,HAISHIYIZHONGXINDESHIJIAO。[①]QISHILIANGZHONGZHUZHANGZHIJIANCUNZAIGUANLIAN: SHIJIAODEZHUANHUANFAXIANLEYIGEXINLINGYU,ZHEIGELINGYUZHUJIANFAZHANCHENGWEILISHIXUEDEYIGEFENZHIXUEKE。

 

AG娱乐网SHIJIAOZHUANHUANBUJINCONGSHANGERXIA,YEYOUSHANGXIAHUDONG、SHEHUIYUSIXIANGDEHUDONG。SHEHUISHINEIBUDEYIXIEJUTIYANJIUFANGXIANG,RUSHEHUIWENHUASHIDENGBIANQIANGDIAOYANJIUSHIJIAODEHUDONG。SHEHUISHIYANJIUZAISHIJIAOSHANGQIANGDIAOTIEJINSHEHUIXIACENGKANLISHI。XIACENGZHISUOYICHENGZHIWEIXIACENG,TAYIDINGXIANGDUIYUSHANGCENGERYAN,MINJIANSHEHUIDEFANGFANGMIANMIANZHISUOYICUNZAIYESHIXIANGDUIYUGUOJIA、ZHENGFU、ZHENGZHIERYAN。SHEHUISHIYANJIUYOUYIZHENGTISHIWEIMUBIAO,JINJINJUJIAOXIACENG、JUJIAOMINJIANSHEHUIRUHECHENGDESHANGSHIZHENGTISHI?YUSHIXUEZHEKAISHITICHU,SHEHUISHIYANJIUDESHIJIAOYAOZAISHANGXIACENGZHIJIANYIDONG,JIESHIGUOJIAYUMINJIANSHEHUIZHIJIANDEHUDONG。1980NIANDAIHOUQI,LIUZHIQIN、LIZHANGLIDENGXUEZHEBUMANZUYUWENHUASHI、SIXIANGSHIDEJINGYINGHUA、WENBENHUAQUXIANG,TICHUYAOTIEJINSHEHUIXIACENGKANLISHI;TAMENYEBUMANZUYUSHEHUISHISUOMIAOSHUDEKEGUANSHEHUIJIEGOUYUSHEHUISHENGHUO,RENWEIYAOZHUYIYINBIZAIRENMENSHEHUIXINGWEIBEIHOUDEJINGSHENYINSU。LIUZHIQIN、LIZHANGLIDENGXIANSHENGTICHANGYONGSHEHUIWENHUASHIDESHIJIAOYANJIULISHISHANGRENMENDESHEHUISHENGHUOFANGSHIYUSIXIANGGUANNIANZHIJIANDEHUDONG。JINGGUOXUEZHEMENDEBUXIENULI,SHEHUIWENHUASHIYIJINGCHENGWEIJINDAISHIYANJIULINGYUZHONGYIGEYINRENZHUMUDEYANJIUREDIAN。[②]

 

AG娱乐网TONGGUOBUTONGSHIJIAOGUANCHATONGYIGEYANJIUDUIXIANG,CHANGCHENGXIANCHUHENGKANCHENGLINGCECHENGFENGDEFENGFUMIANXIANG。SHANGHUISHIYANJIUZHONGHENMINGXIANDINENGGUANCHADAOSHIJIAODEDUOCIZHUANHUANDUIGAILINGYUDETUIDONG。

 

AG娱乐网1980NIANDAICHUQI,ZHONGGUODALUDESHANGHUISHIYANJIUKAISHIXINGQIZHISHI,ZHONGGUOSHIXUEJIEJIBENSHANGHAICHUYUGEMINGSHIYANJIUSHIJIAODELONGZHAOZHIXIA。ZHANGKAIYUANDENGXUEZHEBUZAICHOUXIANGDIZHENGLUNJINDAIGEMINGDEXINGZHI,ERSHIZHUANHUANSHIJIAO,SHITUTONGGUOSHANGHUIXUNZHAODAOZICHANJIEJI,JIERKAOCHASHANGHUIZAIZHONGGUOGEMINGZHONGDEZHENGZHITAIDUHEDONGXIANG,YIPANDUANGEMINGDEXINGZHI。YINRULESHANGHUIHOU,ZICHANJIEJIJIZICHANJIEJIGEMINGDETAOLUNJIANLIZAIJUTISHEHUIZUZHIJICHUZHISHANG,SHIGEMINGSHILUOZAISHICHU。1980NIANDAIHOUQI,ZAIZHONGGUOXUESHUJIEXINGQILEYANJIUXIANDAIHUALILUNDERECHAO,MAMIN、ZHUYINGDENGXUEZHECONGGEMINGSHIYANJIUSHIJIAOZHUANXIANGXIANDAIHUASHIJIAOLAIGUANCHASHANGHUI。ZHEISHIYANJIUZHEMENCONGZHENGZHIZUOYONGZHIWAIKAISHIGENGDUODIZHUYISHANGHUIDESHEHUISHUXING、JIAOSEDINGWEI、ZUZHIJIEGOU、GONGNENGZUOYONGHEXIANDAIXINGDENGWENTI,JIAOZHIJINJINQIANGDIAOSHANGHUIDEJIEJISHUXINGSHIYIDAJINBU。[③]1990NIANDAI,SHANGHUISHIDEBENTUTANSUOGUOCHENGZHONGQIAFENG“GONGGONGLINGYU”YU“SHIMINSHEHUI”LILUNYIJIYUNYONGGAILILUNJINXINGYANJIUDEHAIWAIZHONGGUOXUECHUANRUZHONGGUO,MAMIN、ZHUYINGDENGXUEZHEYOUYI“SHIMINSHEHUI”DESHIJIAOZHANKAISHANGHUISHIYANJIU,BASHANGHUIZUOWEI“SHIMINSHEHUI”DEYIGEZUCHENGBUFENYUYIFENXI。[④]

 

AG娱乐网GEMINGSHISHIJIAOXIAGUANCHALESHANGHUIZAIGEMINGZHONGDEZUOYONG;XIANDAIHUASHIJIAOXIASHANGHUIBENSHENZUOWEISHEHUIZUZHIDEDAOZHONGSHI,BINGJIANGZHIZHIYUCHUANTONGYUXIANDAIBIANQIANDEMAILUOLIYUYIGUANCHA;“SHIMINSHEHUI”SHIJIAOXIAZHUYIDAOSHANGHUISHIZHONGDUOSHEHUIZUZHIDEYIGE,BINGYIZHIWEIQIERUDIANTAOLUNLETAMENSUOGOUCHENGSHEHUIDETEZHI,YIJIZHEIYANGDESHEHUIYUGUOJIADEGUANXI。SHANGHUISHIYANJIUDEGUIJIXIANCONGZHENGZHISHIZOUXIANGSHEHUISHI,YOUCONGSHEHUISHIDEJIAODUZHONGXINSHENSHIZHENGZHISHI,TUIDONGLESHIXUEYANJIUBUDUANSHENHUA。

 

AG娱乐网SHIJIAOZHUANHUANNENGFAXIANXINDEYANJIUDUIXIANG,CHANSHENGXINDEYANJIULINGYU,XINGCHENGXINDELILUNHEFANGFA,FENGFUDUILISHIDERENSHI。FAJUEXINSHIJIAO,SHIXUESHUCHUANGXINZHIYUAN。SHIJIAOYOURUSHENGMING,CHANGYOUCAOCHUANG、YINGYONG、KUOZHAN、XINYIDIJIANDEGUOCHENG。SHIJIAODESHENGMINGLICHENGZAIYANJIUZHONGCHANGCHANGJINGYOUSHIJIANDEYANSHEN,KONGJIANDESHENSUOERWANCHENG。

 

二、 时空: 结构与变迁

 

AG娱乐网SHEHUIBIANQIANSHISHEHUISHIYANJIUDEZHUTI。SHEHUIBIANQIANDEYANJIUXUYAOLAZHANGSHIDUANJINXINGFENXI。LINGWAI,YANJIUZHERUSHOUKENENGZHENDUIMOUGESHIJIANDUANDEDUIXIANGJINXINGYANJIU,QUDEYIXIECHENGGUOHOU,DUIGAISHIDUANZAIZHANKAIYANJIUDEKONGJIANBUDA,YUSHIBUDEBUZHUANYIZHENDI,YANJIUTONGYIDUIXIANGDEQIANHOUSHIDUAN。SHIJIANXULIESHIKEQIANKEHOUDE,DANYOUYUZILIAODENGYINSU,SHEHUISHIYANJIUZHONGWANGWANGSHISHIDUANXIAXIANWANGHOUYANSHENDEJUDUO。SHEHUISHIYANJIUSHIDUANDEHOUYIBUJINBIAOXIANWEIGERENDEXUANZE,XUEJIEZUOWEIYIGEZHENGTIYECUNZAIZHEIZHONGQUSHI。

 

AG娱乐网1980NIANDAISHEHUISHIFUXINGSHI,SHANGKANBUCHUTAIDUODEHOUJINBOGU。JINGGUOERSANSHINIANDEFAZHAN,JINDAISHEHUISHIYANJIUYIJINGYUWEIDAGUAN。2005NIAN,YOUZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUOSHEHUISHIYANJIUZHONGXINFAQI、LIANHEQUANGUOGEGAOXIAOJIYANJIUJIGOUJUBANLESHOUJIEJINDAISHEHUISHIHUIYI。SHINIANLI,CONGQINGDAODAOWULUMUQI,CONGGUIYANGDAOSUZHOU,CONGXIANGYANGDAOBAODING,GONGJUBANLE6JIEZHONGGUOJINDAISHEHUISHIGUOJIXUESHUYANTAOHUI。MEICIDOUYOULAIZIHAINEIWAIDEXUEZHEYUBAIRENCANJIA,YIJINGXINGCHENGZHONGGUOJINDAISHEHUISHILINGYUYANJIUZHEDINGQIAGYULEWANGZUIXINCHENGGUODECHANGSHEPINGTAI。JINDAISHEHUISHIYANJIUDEXINGSHENGYOUCIKEJIANYIBAN。

 

AG娱乐网JINJINIAN,SHEHUISHIYANJIUSHIDUANDEHOUYIHAIYOUYIGEXINQUXIANG。BUJINKANGZHANSHIQIDESHEHUISHIYANJIUJIAOWEIHUOYUE,DANGDAISHEHUISHIDEYANJIUYEKAISHIDAFUTUIJIN。RUSHOUDOUSHIFANDAXUEZHONGGUOJINXIANDAISHEHUIWENHUAYANJIUZHONGXIN,YANJIUFANWEIXIANGJIANGUOHOUKUOZHAN,DUIJIANGUOZAOQIHUNYINJIATINGBIANQIANJINXINGYANJIU,QUDELEXILIECHENGGUO。YOURUSHANXIDAXUEDUIJITIHUASHIDAIDEYANJIUDENG,[⑤]DOUFANYINGLEZHEIZHONG“SHIDUANHOUYAN”QUXIANG。

 

ZHONGGUODIYUGUANGKUO,SHEHUISHIYANJIUZHONGCHANGJIANDIYUKONGJIANDESHENSUO。YOUDEYANJIUCHENGSHI,YOUDEYANJIUXIANGCUN,HAIYOUDEYANJIUCHENGXIANG。GELEIZHUTIXIAYOUFENWEIJIANGNAN、HUANAN、HUABEI、DONGBEI、XINAN、XIBEIDENGDAQUYU;HAIYOUFENSHENGYANJIU,RUHENAN、SHANDONG、GUANGXI、SHANXIDENGDENG;YISHENGZHIXIAZAIFENWEIMINBEI、MINNANDENGDILIKONGJIAN;SHENZHIYANJIUFANWEIKESUOXIAOWEIMOUYIGEHUOJIGECUNZHUANG。

 

CHENGSHISHIYANJIUZHONGDIYUKONGJIANDESHENSUOYOUWEIMINGXIAN。1990ZHI1993NIANSHANGHAI、TIANJIN、ZHONGQING、WUHANSIGECHENGSHIYANJIUTUANDUIXIANGJICHUBANLE《JINDAISHANGHAICHENGSHIYANJIU》、《JINDAITIANJINCHENGSHISHI》、《JINDAIZHONGQINGCHENGSHISHI》HE《JINDAIWUHANCHENGSHISHI》SIBUZHUZUO。[⑥]1990NIANDAICHU,YOUGUANXUEZHEKAISHIKAOLVKUODAYANJIUFANWEI,JIANGJINDAICHENGSHISHIYANJIUCONGGEANYANJIUDECENGCITISHENGDAOQUYUYANJIUDECENGCI。DUIDONGNANYANHAI、HUABEI、ZHANGJIANGLIUYUDENGQUYUCHENGSHIXITONG、CHENGSHIQUNTIJINXINGYANJIU。1996NIAN,SHANGHAISHEHUIKEXUEYUANXUEZHECHUBANLE《DONGNANYANHAICHENGSHIYUZHONGGUOJINDAIHUA》;2002NIAN,《ZHANGJIANGYANJIANGCHENGSHIYUZHONGGUOJINDAIHUA》CHUBAN。[⑦]

 

AG娱乐网KONGJIANDESHENSUOBUJINTIXIANZAIYANJIUFANWEIDEKUODA,ERQIEHAIZAIYUKONGJIANDESUOXIAO。CHENGSHISHIYANJIUXIHUA、SHENHUADELINGYIGECELVESHIJIANGCHENGSHIHUAFENWEIBUTONGDEXIAOKONGJIAN,YONGXIANWEIJINGSHIDESHOUDUANLAIGUANCHAFENXI。WANGDIJIANGGUANCHADEDUIXIANGJUJIAOYUCHAGUANDENGKONGJIAN。[⑧]“SHANGHAICHENGSHISHEHUISHENGHUOSHICONGSHU”JIUBAOKUOSHUBENYIKONGJIANWEIWEIDUDEZHUANZHU,RUGUANYUGONGGONGHUODONGCHANGSUOCHAGUAN、FANDIAN、LVSHE、YUSHI、GUANGCHANG、CAICHANG、GONGYUAN、YINGJUYUAN、SHUCHANG、YOULECHANG、PAOMACHANG、PAOGOUCHANG、DUCHANGHEXIAOYUANSHENGHUODEYANJIU。[⑨]

 

AG娱乐网SHUILISHEHUISHIYANJIUZHONG,XUEZHEMENDUIZHURUMINTAI、TAIHULIUYU、LIANGHULIUYU、GUANZHONGJISHANXIDENGQUYUSHUILIGONGCHENGDEZUZHIYUGUANLI、YONGSHUIGUIZEYUSHUILIXISU、SHUILIJIUFENDEFASHENGYUJIEJUEDENGFANGMIANJINXINGLETANTAO。ZAIHUANG、CISHANSHIDEYANJIUXUEZHEANZHAOXINGZHENGQUYU、DILIDANWEIYANJIULEGEGEDIFANGDEZAIHUANGYUJIUJI。

 

AG娱乐网SHEHUISHIYANJIUZHONGDUIYANJIUDUIXIANGDESHIJIANDUANZUOQIANHOUYANSHENBIANYUGUANCHAQIBIANQIAN,DUIKONGJIANJINXINGSHENSUOYOULIYUFENXIQIDUOYANGXINGJIPUSHIXING。SHIJIAOCHUANGXINSHUYUSHAOSHUZUOPIN,DALIANGGENJINDEYANJIUWEIBIYOUDUOSHAOSHIJIAOFANGMIANDECHUANGXIN,BUGUO,TAZAISHIKONGSHANGSHENSUOZENGJIALEGENGDUODEANLI,NENGSHIMOUZHONGSHIJIAODEDAOYANZHENG、XIUZHENGHECHUANBO,BINGCHENGWEICHANGSHI,PUJIZHIGONGBUKEMOSHA。

 

三、师承: 团队与基地

 

AG娱乐网XINSHIJIAODECHANSHENGJISHIJIANWANGWANGYILAISHICHENGGUANXIHEJIAOYOU。SHICHENG、JIAOYOUDENGYOULIDITUIDONGLESHEHUISHIYANJIU。XUESHUBIANQIANZHONGDESHICHENGYOULAIYIJIU,YEBEIYANJIUZHEGUANGFANGUANZHU。LUNZHEDUOCONGXINHUOXIANGCHUANDEJIAODUGUANCHA,YEYOUXUEZHECONGXUESHUXINGYESHENGTAIDESHIJIAOJIAYITAOLUN,[⑩]BENWENZHUYAOCONGXUEZHEDAIJIGENGTI、TUANDUIAGYULEWANGDENGFANGMIANGUANZHUSHICHENGDUISHEHUISHIYANJIUDEYINGXIANG。

 

AG娱乐网WENGEQIANYOUSUOCHENGJIUHUOHUODEYIDINGXUESHU、XINGZHENGDIWEIDEXUEZHE,1980NIANDAIZHONGXINJINXINGXUESHUYANJIU,CHENGWEI1980NIANDAIYILAISHEHUISHIYANJIUDEDIYIDAIXUEZHE。TAMENDADUOERSANSHINIANDAICHUSHENG,CISHIYIJINGWULIUSHISUI,NIANJIYIJINGBUQING,JIAZHIXUESHUHUOXINGZHENGGONGZUOFANZHONG,TAMENDUISHEHUISHIDENGXINLINGYUDEYANJIUKENENGCUNZAIZHONGZHONGSHEXIANG,TOURUFANZHONGXUESHUYANJIUDESHIJIANHEJINGLIQUENANYIBAOZHENG。YIXIELAOSHIKAISHIDAIZHEXUESHENGJINRUSHEHUISHIYANJIULINGYU。DIYIDAIXUEZHEDEZAOQIXUESHENGSIWUSHINIANDAISHENGRENJUDUO,YEYOUBUFENLIUSHINIANDAISHENGREN,XUDUOJUTIKETIZHUYAOYOUZHEIPIXUESHENGXIEZHUWANCHENG,KEYIBATAMENKANZHEDIERDAIXUEZHE。DIERDAIXUEZHEYINLING、SHENZHILONGZHAOLEZHEISANSHINIANDESHEHUISHIYANJIU,SANSHINIANSHEHUISHIYANJIUYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGKEYISHUOSHITAMENDEXUESHUCHENGZHANGSHI。DIERDAIXUEZHEDUOZAI1990NIANDAITUICHUDAIBIAOZUO,HUODEXUESHUSHENGYUYUXUESHUDIWEI,BINGKAISHIZHAOSHOUYANJIUSHENG。QIQIANQIDEYANJIUSHENGDUOWEILIUQISHINIANDAISHENGREN,TAMENKEYICHENGWEIDISANDAIXUEZHE。DISANDAIXUEZHEXIHUALEDIERDAIXUEZHEDEYANJIULINGYU,BAYANJIUDUIXIANGZAISHIJIANSHANGQIANHOUYANSHEN,ZAIKONGJIANSHANGBUDUANSHENSUO,NEIRONGSHANGYEGENGJIAJUTI、XIZHI。

 

QIANBEIXUEZHEDUIHOUBEIDEYINGXIANG,WANGWANGZAIYUZHIMINGXUESHUFANGXIANG,FAXIANYIXIEXINDEYANJIULINGYU。ZHENGSHISHISHENGDEPEIHE,YIXIESHEXIANGCAINENGBIANCHENGSHISHIZAIZAIDEXUESHUYANJIU,YIXIELINGYUCAINENGDEDAOSHENRU、XIZHIDEYANJIU。ZHANGKAIYUANXIANSHENG“YOUYIGESHENYEHUFAQIXIANG,JUEDEZIJIDEYISHENGHAOXIANGYIZHIMANGMANGLIULIUDELAOJI,CHENGTIANDAOCHUZHUOZHUOBABA,RUFAXIANSHENMEGULI、KUNCHONGZHILEI,BIANZHAOHUXIAOJIQIANLAI‘HUICAN’。”“XIAOJI”KEYIFANZHIHOUBEIXUEZHE,DANSHIJISHANGDUOWEIZIJIDEXUESHENG。YOUSHIDAOSHIYAOBANGZHUXUESHENGQUEDINGYANJIUTIMU,LAOSHIFAXIANXUESHUFUKUANGHOU,ZIRANERRANJIUHUIXIANGDAOJIANGCIZUOWEIXUESHENGDEYANJIUXUANTI。TONGSHI,XUESHENGLEJIEDAOSHIDEXUESHUXINGQU、SHUXIDAOSHIDEYANJIUYITU,KEYIHENHAODIZUNZHAODAOSHIDEYAOQIUWANCHENGGEZHONGKETI,DAOSHIYEXINRENZIJIDEXUESHENG。ZHANGKAIYUANXIANSHENG1980NIANZAISUZHOUSHIDANGANGUANKANCHASUZHOUSHANGHUIDANGANDESHILIAOJIAZHI,1991NIANZAIYELUDAXUESHENXUEYUANTUSHUGUANJIANYUEZHONGGUOJIAOHUIDAXUESHIDANGANDESHOUZANGZHUANGKUANG,DOUWEIHOUBEIXUEZHEDEXUESHUCHENGZHANGQILEDAOYINZUOYONG,KAIPILESHANGHUISHIYANJIU、JIAOHUIDAXUESHIYANJIUDENGXINLINGYU。[11]1980NIANDAICHU,FUYILINGXIANSHENGZHUCHI“MINGQINGFUJIANSHEHUIJINGJISHIYANJIU”,DAIZHEYANJIUSHENGHENIANQINGLAOSHISHOUJILEHENDUOMINJIANWENXIAN,QIXUESHENGZHENGZHENMANDENGXIANSHENGLIYONGZHEIXIEZILIAOKAISHILEXIANGCUNSHEHUISHIDEYANJIU。[12]

 

SHICHENGGUANXIYOUZHUYUPEIYANGXUESHURENCAI。1930NIANDAI,GUJIEGANGXIANSHENGTONGGUOJIAOXUE,XUESHUZHIDAOYIJIBAN《YUGONG》DENGPEIYANGLETANQIXIANG、HOURENZHI、SHINIANHAIDENGLISHIDILIXUEZHE;1980NIANDAI,HOUZHEFENBIETUIDONGFUDANDAXUE、BEIJINGDAXUE、SHANXISHIFANDAXUEDENGCHUCHENGWEILISHIDILIYANJIUDEZHONGXIN。YIFUDANDAXUEWEILI,1980NIANCHU,GEJIANXIONGXIANSHENGJIBANGZHUTANQIXIANGXIANSHENGCHULIRICHANGDEGONGZUO,SUIQICANJIAXUESHUHUIYI、GONGZUOHUIYI,CHENGDANLE《GUOJIADITUJI·LISHIDITUJI》、《ZHAOYUZHI》ZHENGLIDENGZHONGDIANXIANGMUDEGONGZUO。1978NIANYIQIAN,GEJIANXIONGXIANSHENGYULISHIDILIXUEJIEHAOWUJIECHU,TONGGUOJINIANDEGONGZUO,DUIXUESHUJIEDEZHUANGKUANGXIANGDANGSHUXI;BIYEHOUJIUKAILEKE,DANRENLEYOUGUANKETIZUDEFUZEREN。[13]ZAITANQIXIANG、HOURENZHI、SHINIANHAIDENGXUEZHEDEYONGXINPEIYANGXIA,QIDIZIMENJIZAICHUANDIZIFENFENCHENGZHANGWEIRENKOUSHI、YIMINSHI、HUANJINGSHI、SHENGTAISHI、YILIAOJIBINGSHIDENGFANGMIANDEZHUANJIA。[14]

 

AG娱乐网XUESHUYANJIUKEYIDANDADUDOU,WANGWANGYEXUYAOTUANDUIZUOZHAN。JUYOUXUESHUSHENGYU、SHEHUIZIYUANHEXINGZHENGZIYUANDEYANJIUTUANDUIWANGWANGHUIZUJIANYANJIUSUOHUOYANJIUZHONGXIN。GELEILISHIYANJIUSUO、LISHIDILIYANJIUZHONGXIN、LISHIRENLEIXUEYANJIUZHONGXIN、SHEHUISHIYANJIUZHONGXINWANGWANGYOULAOSHICHUANGBAN,DIZIJIZAICHUANDIZIWEIGUGAN。TAMENYITUANDUILILIANGZHENGQUGUOJIAHEXUEXIAODEGEZHONGZHICHI,SHEJIBINGWANCHENGGEXIANGKETI,TUIDONGXUESHUAGYULEWANG,JIAQIANGDUIQINGNIANXUESHENGHEJIAOSHIDEPEIXUN。LAOSHIWEIYIZHANHONGTU,XUYAOXUESHENGMENDINGLIXIANGZHU,ERXUESHENGMENJIEZHULAOSHIDAJIANDEPINGTAI,KUAISUCHENGZHANG。SHICHENGGUANXISHIJIANLIYANJIUTUANDUIDEZHONGYAOJICHU。ZHEIXIEYANJIUSUO、YANJIUZHONGXINCHENGWEISHEHUISHIYANJIUDEZHONGYAOJIDI。SHEHUISHICONGBIANYUANZOUXIANGXUESHUZHULIU,NAIZHICHENGWEIYIXIEDIFANGXUESHUDEZHONGXIN,YANJIUSUO、YANJIUZHONGXINWUYISHIZHONGYAODETUISHOU,ERSHISHENGJIDAIRENXIELIHEZUOSHITUISHOUDELILIANGSUOZAI。

 

四、交游: 应和与碰撞

 

XIANDAIJIAOTONG、TONGXUN、CHUBANYEDEBUDUANFAZHAN,XUESHUJINGFEIDEZENGJIA,XUESHUHUODONGZIYOUDUDETIGAO,WEIXUERENJIAOYOUTIGONGLEYUELAIYUEDUODEBIANLITIAOJIAN。

 

SHEHUISHIDEFUXINGYOUBENTUDENEIZAITANSUO,YEYOUYUWAIDEYINGXIANG。XUERENJIAOYOUJIYOUGUONEIBUTONGDIYU、BUTONGXUEKEZHIJIANDEAGYULEWANG,YEYOUGUOJIJIANDEHEZUO,GUONEIWAIDEAGYULEWANGWANGWANGYOUJIAOCHAFASHENGYINGXIANG。ZHONGSHANDAXUECHENCHUNSHENG、LIUZHIWEIHESHAMENDAXUEDEZHENGZHENMANDENGXIANSHENGDEJIAOYOUDUIXUESHUDEYINGXIANGJIUSHIHENHAODEANLI。

 

AG娱乐网CHENCHUNSHENG、LIUZHIWEIHEZHENGZHENMANDENGXIANSHENGDEJIAOYOUKESUYUANDAOFUYILINGHELIANGFANGZHONGXIANSHENG。ZHENGZHENMANXIANSHENG1982NIANSHICONGFUYILINGXIANSHENGGONGDUYANJIUSHENG。LIANGFANGZHONGXIANSHENG1952NIANHOUYIZHIRENJIAOYUZHONGSHANDAXUELISHIXI,TANGMINGSUIXIANSHENGZHANGQIRENQIXUESHUZHUSHOU。LIUZHIWEIXIANSHENG1980NIANSUITANGMINGSUIXIANSHENGDUSHUOSHI。CHENCHUNSHENGXIANSHENG1982NIANSUITANGMINGSUIXIANSHENGDUSHUOSHI,1986NIANSHICONGFUYILINGXIANSHENGDUBOSHI。

 

AG娱乐网1984NIAN,JIANADAXUEZHEDINGHESHENGXIANSHENGDAOSHAMENDAXUEZUOBOSHILUNWEN,ZHENGZHENMANXIANSHENGJIUJINGCHANGYUTAYIQIPAOTIANYE,DAOGECHUKANYISHI,SHOUJIWENXIANZILIAO。1985NIANQIANHOULIUZHIWEIYUXIAOFENGXIA、KEDAWEI、CHENQINANDENGXIANSHENGXIANGSHI。CISHI,XIAOFENGXIAXIANSHENGYIJINGKAISHIYULIUZHIWEI、CHENCHUNSHENGDENGXIANSHENGHEZUO,ZAIHUANANZHUJIANGSANJIAOZHOUDENGDIQUCONGSHITIANYEDIAOCHA。LIUZHIWEIYUKEDAWEIXIANSHENGBIJIAOJINMIDEHEZUOSHIDAOLE1988NIANHOUKAISHIDE。1991NIANQIANHOU,XIAOFENGXIAXIANSHENGZAIXIANGGANGMUDAOYIBIJUANKUAN,TAQINGXIANGGANGZHONGWENDAXUERENLEIXUEXIDECHENQINANXIANSHENGQIANTOUZHUCHIYIGEXIANGMU,BINGJIANYICHENQINANYULIUZHIWEIXIANSHENGSHANGTANYOUGUANSHIYI。TAMENZUIZHONGCEHUALE“HUANANYANJIUJIHUA”。DALUYOULIUZHIWEIXIANSHENGFUZE,TAZHAOLESHAMENDAXUEDECHENZHIPING、ZHENGZHENMAN,GUANGDONGDECHENCHUNSHENG、LUOYIXINGDENGXIANSHENG。XIANGGANGZHONGWENDAXUEDECHENQINAN,XIANGGANGKEJIDAXUEDECAIZHIXIANG,MEIGUOYELUDAXUEDEXIAOFENGXIA,NIUJINDAXUEDEKEDAWEIDENGXIANSHENGGONGTONGWANCHENGGAIJIHUA。1993NIANCHENQINANLIKAIXIANGGANGZHONGWENDAXUE,GAIJIHUAZAIZHIDUYUNZUODECENGCISHANGBIANSHIJIZHONGZHILE,DANGAIJIHUAJUJIQILAIDEYANJIUQUNTIZAICIHOUYOULEGENGJIAMIQIEDEHEZUOAGYULEWANG。ZAIZHEIXIEXUEZHEDETUIDONGXIA,2001NIANCHENGLIZHONGSHANDAXUELISHIRENLEIXUEYANJIUZHONGXIN,2003NIANCHUANGBAN《LISHIRENLEIXUEXUEKAN》,2003NIANKAISHILIANXUJUBANLISHIRENLEIXUEYANTAOBAN,SHUSHIXIANGLISHIRENLEIXUEYANJIUXIANGMUDEYIJINXING。ZHENGSHIXUEZHEDEJIAOYOUSHILISHIRENLEIXUEYANJIUZAIHUANANYURANCHENGFENG,ERZHEIGUFENGHAICONGHUANANCHUIXIANGQUANGUOGEDI。

 

AG娱乐网ZHENGZHENMANYUDINGHESHENG,LIUZHIWEI、CHENCHUNSHENGYUXIAOFENGXIA、KEDAWEI、CHENQINANDENGRENDEHEZUOYEXUJUYOUOURANXING,ERZHANGQIHEZUOZEYOUBIRANXING。PINGFUYILING、LIANGFANGZHONGJITANGMINGSUIDENGXIANSHENGDEXUESHUSHENGWANG,DINGHESHENG、XIAOFENGXIADENGXIANSHENGQUSHAMENDAXUE、ZHONGSHANDAXUEXUNZHAOHEZUOHUOBAN,HENKENENGHUIXIANGDAOFUYILING、LIANGFANGZHONG、TANGMINGSUIDENGXUEZHE,CISHITAMENSHENBIANDEDIZIGANGHAOYOUZHENGZHENMAN、LIUZHIWEI、CHENCHUNSHENGDENGREN,DINGHESHENGYUZHENGZHENMANDENGRENDEHEZUOJIUSHUNLICHENGZHANGLE。ZHONGSHANDAXUEHESHAMENDAXUESUYOUSHEHUIJINGJISHIDECHUANTONG,QILINGJUNRENWUFUYILINGYULIANGFANGZHONGDENGXIANSHENGDEXUESHUSHENGWANGHEXUESHUJIAOWANGYEDUIZHENGZHENMANYULIUZHIWEIDENGRENDEHEZUOQIDAOHUODUOHUOSHAODEZUOYONG。CHENCHUNSHENGJISHITANGMINGSUIXIANSHENGDEXUESHENG,YOUSHIFUYILINGXIANSHENGDEDIZISHIMINYUELIANGGEYANJIUTUANDUIZHIJIANDEHEZUOYOULEGENGDUODEQIJI。

 

ZHENGZHENMANYUDINGHESHENGDENGRENCHUCIJIECHUBINGBUYIWEIZHETAMENJIANGZHANGQIHEZUO,ERSHISHISHANGCIHOUTAMENYOUZHANGDASHUSHINIANDEHEZUO,ZHEIKENENGJIYUGONGTONGDEXUESHUXINGQU,GONGTONGDEXUESHURENZHIHEXUEKE、ZHISHIDEHUBU。ZHENGZHENMAN、LIUZHIWEIDENGRENDOUYISHIDAO,YIZHONGBIJIAOYOUSHENDUDEGUANCHAHEBIJIAOYOUGAODUDERENSHI,BUSHIYIGERENKEYIZUOCHULAIDE,YIDINGYAOGENPENGYOUMEN、TONGXINGMENYOUHENDUODEAGYULEWANG;YIXIEDUILISHIDEXINRENSHIWANGWANGZAIXUDUODETAOLUN、ZHENGLUNZHONGJIFACHULAIDE,ERBUSHIKAOYIGERENDEZHILIKUSIMINGXIANGCHULAIDE。[15]TAMENGEZIYOUBUTONGDEXUEKEHEZHISHIBEIJING,RUXIAOFENGXIADENGXUEZHESHIRENLEIXUEJIA,ERLIUZHIWEIDENGXUEZHESHILISHIXUEJIA,JIBIANSHILIUZHIWEIYUZHENGZHENMANDENGXUEZHETONGWEILISHIXUEJIA,TAMENDEZHISHICHUBEI、GUANZHUDEZHUTIYEBUWANQUANYIYANG,DUILISHIDEJIANSHIGENGBUHUIRENRENYIYANG。YANJIUDUIXIANGYIYANG,BINGBUFANGAITAMENZUOCHUBUTONGDEJIEDU,CONGERBIMIANLETONGZHIXINGYANJIU,YESHITAMENZAIZHENGLUNZHONGHEXIEXIANGCHULEJISHINIAN。

 

CHULESIRENJIAOWANG,XUEHUIDENGZUZHI、XUESHUJIANGZUO、ZUOTANHUI、XUESHUHUIYIHEQIKANDENGDOUCHENGWEIXUERENJIAOYOUDEZHONGYAOPINGTAI。RU1986NIANZHAOKAILEDIYIJIEZHONGGUOSHEHUISHIYANTAOHUI,GAIYANTAOHUIMEILIANGNIANZHAOKAIYICI,ZHIJINYIJINGZHAOKAILE15JIE。ZHONGGUOSHEHUISHIYANTAOHUICHANGCHANGYOUSHIJIERSHIGEXUESHUDANWEIXIEBAN,CANHUIXUEZHEDUOZAIYIBAIRENYISHANG。YANTAOHUIJIDADICUJINLESHEHUISHIXUEZHEDEJIAOYOU,GEJUTESEDEHUIYIZHUTIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYINLINGLESHEHUISHIDEYANJIU。

 

YANJIUTUANDUIHEGERENDEJIAOYOUGUOCHENGZHONG,GONGTONGDEXUESHUXINGQU,GONGTONGDEXUESHURENZHISHIXUEZHEMENHUWEIZHIJI,YICHANGBAIHE,YITUANDUIDELILIANGTUXIANMOUZHONGFANGFA、MOUXIELINGYUDEMEILI;XUEKE、ZHISHIDEHUBUSHIXUEZHEMENFASHENGZHENGZHI、ZHENGLUN,PENGZHUANGZHONGSHANXIANSIXIANGDEHUOHUA。

 

反 

 

AG娱乐网JINSANSHINIANLAIZHONGGUOSHEHUISHIYANJIUDEFUXINGYUTUOZHANLIBUKAIYANJIUSHIJIAODEZHUANHUAN,XUNCIFAXIANLELISHIYANJIUDEXINDUIXIANG,RENSHILELISHIDEXINMIANXIANG。XINSHIJIAODEXUESHUJIAZHIXUYAOTONGGUOYIDINGSHULIANGDESHIZHENGYANJIULAIZHANSHI。XINSHIJIAODEFAXIANZHEHUOZHEYUNYONGZHEZAITUOZHANYANJIULINGYUSHIZUICHANGYONGCELVEDESHISHIJIANSHANGDEQIANHOUYANSHEN,KONGJIANSHANGDESHENSUO。ZHEIXIEYANJIUKEYIZHENGSHIHUOZHENGWEIXINSHIJIAO,YEKEYIYUNYONGTONGYISHIJIAOGUANCHABUTONGDUIXIANGYIZENGJINDUILISHIDERENSHI。ZHONGGUOSHEHUISHIYANJIUDEFUXINGYUTUOZHANGUIGENDAODIYOULISHIXUEZHELAIWANCHENG。SHICHENGGUANXIHEJIAOYOUCHANGXINGCHENGYIGEYANJIUTUANDUI。YANJIUTUANDUIZHONGJIYOUTONGSHENGYINGHE,YEYOUHUXIANGPENGZHUANG,TASHIXINDEXUESHUFANGFA、XUESHULINIANHEXUESHUGUANDIANDEYICHANSHENGHECHUANBO。SHIJIAOYUSHIKONG、SHICHENGYUJIAOYOU,TUIDONGLESHEHUISHI,NAIZHIZHENGGESHIXUEYIJIQITAXUEKEDEFAZHAN。

 

SHIJIAOYUSHIKONG、SHICHENGYUJIAOYOU,DUIJINSANSHINIANLAIZHONGGUOSHEHUISHIYANJIUDEFUXINGYUTUOZHANCHANSHENGLEJIJIDEZUOYONG,RANERYEXUDUICIJINXINGFANSI。

 

AG娱乐网SHOUXIAN,HELIDUIDAISHIJIAODEDUOYANGXINGYUZHENGTIXING

 

RENHESHIJIAOGUANCHADAODELISHIDOUSHIZHONGDUOMIANXIANGZHIYI,WULUNNAZHONGXINSHIJIAODOUCUNZAIMANGDIAN,JUXIANZAISUONANMIAN。SHEHUISHIYANJIUZHUIQIUZHENGTISHI,JIUXUYAODUOSHIJIAO。YANJIUZHEYAOYISHIDAOYIZIJIDESHIJIAOTIDAI、ZHEBIQITASHIJIAO,HUOZHEWEIAGYULEWANGDUZUN,BIANCHIQITASHIJIAOJUNFEISHANGCE。DANGMANMUDEDUOYANGXINGSHIJIAO,HUNLUANDEYIZHIBUNENGFAXIANZHENGTIXINGSHI,SHEHUISHIZHUIQIUZHENGTISHIDEMENGXIANGYEJIANGPOMIE。DANGMEIGEDIFANGDECHUYIGEDIYUXINGTEZHENG,XUEZHEYOUJIANGRUHEXUNZHAODAOGONGTONGDEHUATI,RUHEGOUTONG、AGYULEWANGXUESHU?BAGEJUTESEDESUIPIANPINCHENGYIFUFUZHENGTIXINGSHIZUDEHUAJUAN,YINGDANGCHENGWEISHEHUISHIYANJIUDEMUBIAO。

 

QICI,SHIDUBAWOXINSHIJIAOYUGEANYANJIUDEGUANXI。

 

XINSHIJIAOYUGEGESHIKONGZHONGGEANYANJIUZHIJIANCUNZAIBEILUN: YIFANGMIAN,XINSHIJIAODEYUNYONG、CHUANBO,BIXUYIKAOSHIZHENGYANJIUFANGMIANLIANGDEJILEI,FOUZEBUDUANGENGXINSHIJIAO,DAYIQIANGHUANYIGEQIHAO,LINLANGMANMUDEXINSHIJIAO、XINJIELUNHUILINGRENMUBUXIAJIE,SHENZHIWUSUOSHICONG,ERQIEGENGWEIZHONGYAODESHIGAISHIJIAODEJIESHILIYOUHEYITIXIAN;LINGYIFANGMIAN,YONGTONGYISHIJIAOGUANCHATONGYIDUIXIANG,HUOZHEDUOGEDUIXIANG,SUIZHESHIYONGPINLVDEZENGJIA,SHIYONGLINGYUDEZENGJIA,YINGXIANGLIYUELAIYUEDA,DANTONGSHIQILILUNFANGMIANDEXINYIHUIZHUJIANDIJIAN,HOULAIDEYIXIEYANJIUCHENGGUOBINGBUNENGZENGJIAXINDEMIANXIANG,WANGWANGZHISHIWEIGAISHIJIAOTIANJIAXINZHENGJU,XINZHUJIAO,SHENZHISHANGHAIDAOGAISHIJIAOBENSHENDEJIAZHI。YANJIUZHEFAHUITEZHANG,GEANBENFEN,ZUOHAOXUESHUFENGONG,YOUZHUYUSHIDUDIYUNYONGXINSHIJIAOJINXINGSHIZHENGYANJIU。FAJUEXINSHIJIAONENGLIJIAOQIANGDEXUEZHE,ZUOCHUYIXIESHIFANXINGDESHIZHENGYANJIUHOU,JIZHONGJINGLIKAITUOXINSHIJIAO,YOULIYUYINLINGSHEHUISHIYANJIUMAISHANGGENGGAODETAIJIE。FAJUEXINSHIJIAONENGLIBUQIANGDEXUEZHE,NULIBAMOUXIESHIJIAOZHUOMOTOU,ZUOXIEJINGZHIDESHIZHENGYANJIUYIGONGXIANYUXUESHUJIE,ERBUSHIREZHONGYUTIANBUSHIKONGZHONGDEKONGBAI,ZENGJIADIFANGSHIZHANGGU。SHIKONGZHONGDEKONGBAITIANBUSHENGTIAN,ERQIEYOUXIELISHIHUAJUANZHONGXUYAOLIUBAI,HUAWUQIONGZHIJINGLIHEJINQIANJINXINGHUASHETIANZU,JIANGZHENGGELISHIHUAMIANTIANDEMANMANDEFANSHIHUAJUANZHIMEI。

 

AG娱乐网DISAN,XUNZHAOXINDEXUESHUSHENGZHANGDIAN。YANJIUTUANDUIZHONGDIYIDAIXUEZHESHIMOUXIELINGYUMOUXIESHIJIAODEKAICHUANGZHE,DIERDAIXUEZHESHIGAILINGYUGAISHIJIAOYANJIUZOUXIANGCHENGSHU,DISANDAIXUEZHESHEZUGAILINGYUGAISHIJIAOSHI,GAILINGYUGAISHIJIAOWANGWANGYIJINGJINRUXINYISHUAIJIANQI。SUIZHEDIYIDAIXUEZHEDEDANCHUHEDIERDAIXUEZHEDERONGTUI,DISANDAIXUEZHEYIJINGHUOZHEJIJIANGZHANJUMOUXIEXUESHU、XINGZHENGDEYAOJIN。DIYI、DIERDAIXUEZHEDEZHUISUIZHEKENENGXUYAOXUANZEGUSHOUJIUZHENDI,HAISHIYONGXINSHIJIAOGUANCHAJIULINGYU,YIHUOKAITUOXINLINGYUXINSHIJIAO。YOUDETUANDUIBIJIAOCHENGGONGDIZHAODAOLEXINDEXUESHUSHENGZHANGDIAN,RUNANKAIDAXUEFENGERKANG、CHANGJIANHUADENGXIANSHENGZAIZONGZUSHIDENGLINGYUQUDEJIAODACHENGJI,YUXINZHONGDENGXUEZHEYOUKAIQILEYILIAOSHEHUISHI、HUANJINGSHI。YIXIEXUESHUDANWEIWEILEFANGZHIXUESHUSHANGDEJINQINFANZHI,WEILEBIMIANXUESHUCHENGGUODETONGZHIXING,YECAIQULEZHONGZHONGCUOSHI。RANERYEYOUBUSHAOTUANDUIDEDISANDAIXUEZHEMEIYOUXUNZHAODAOXINDEJUYOUGAOBIANSHIDUDEXUESHUSHENGZHANGDIAN。

 

DISI,TIGAOYANJIUCHENGGUODESHIBIEDU。XIANZAIYUSANSHINIANQIANDEXUESHUHUANJINGYIJINGDAYOUQUBIE。SANSHINIANLAIJILEIDEYANJIUSHIJIAOBUSHENGMEIJU,KAITUODEYANJIULINGYUJIHUSHIYINGYOUJINYOU,DECHUDEJIELUNWUHUABAMEN,XIANZAIHENNANXUNZHAODAOXUEJIEMEIYOUYUNYONGDESHIJIAO,MEIYOUGENGYUNDELINGYU,MEIYOUDECHUDEJIELUN。ZAIGEZHONGYINSUDECIJIXIA,XUESHUCHENGGUOHAILIANGZENGJIA,ZHONGSHENGXUANHUALIYIXIANGCHENGGUODEJIAZHIYAOBEIRENRENSHI、FAXIANBIANDESHIFENKUNNAN,CHENGGUOYAOCHANSHENGGUANGFANYINGXIANGLI,XINGCHENGYIHUBAIYINGDEJUMIANGENGSHINANSHANGJIANAN。XIANZAIZIXUNFADA,ZHIYAOFAXIANYIGEXINSHIJIAO、XINLINGYU、XINCAILIAO,HOUJIZHECHANGCHANGRUHUANGCHONGPUMIAN,SHUNJIANYANYIWANSUOYOUDEBIANHUA,JIANGSUOWEIDEXINYICANSHIDAIJIN。DISANDAIXUEZHEKONGPABUDEBUSIKAORUHETIGAOCHENGGUOBIANSHIDU,RUHEZAIJILIEERDUANCUDEJINGZHENGJIEZOUZHONGTUPOZHONGWEIERZHANYOUYIXIZHIDI。RUGUOXUEZHEGERENHUOTUANTINENGGOUQUDEGAOBIANSHIDUDECHENGGUO,WUYISHIDUISHEHUISHIYANJIUDETUIDONG,YEJIANGYINLINGSHEHUISHIYANJIUDENGSHANGXINDEGAODU。

 

AG娱乐网SHANGSHUJIDIANFANSISHIDANGJINSHEHUISHIYANJIUWUFAHUIBIERYOUJIDAIJIEJUEDE。GERENDEBINGFU,ZHISHIJIEGOUYUYUELI,SUOCHUTUANDUIYUJIAOYOUQUANDECENGCIGEYI,QIERUJIEJUEGAIWENTIDELUJINGBUYI,DAANHAIZAIWEILAIDETANSUOZHILUSHANG。

 

注释

 

[①] YOUGUANSHEHUISHIDEFANSIWENZHANGSHUYIBAIJI,ZIBUZHUISHU。

 

[①] 常建华: 《中国社会史研究十年》,《历史研究》1997年第1期。

 

[②]SHIWEI(LIUZHIQIN): 《FUXINGSHEHUISHISANYI》,《TIANJINSHEHUIKEXUE》1988NIANDI1QI;LIUZHIQIN: 《SHEHUISHIDEFUXINGYUSHIXUEBIANGE——JIANLUNSHEHUISHIHEWENHUASHIDEGONGSHENGGONGRONG》,《SHIXUELILUN》1988NIANDI3QI。LIUZHIQIN: “QINGSHIYOUDAIKENTIANHUANG(DAIXU)”,LIUZHIQINZHUBIAN,LIZHANGLIZHU《JINDAIZHONGGUOSHEHUIWENHUABIANQIANLU》DIYIJUAN,ZHEJIANGRENMINCHUBANSHE1998NIANBAN。LIZHANGLI: 《WANQINGSHANGHAISHEHUIDEBIANQIAN——SHENGHUOYULUNLIDEJINDAIHUA》,TIANJINRENMINCHUBANSHE2002NIANBAN。LIZHANGLI: 《ZHONGGUORENDESHENGHUOFANGSHI: CONGCHUANTONGDAOJINDAI》,SICHUANRENMINCHUBANSHE2008NIANBAN。

 

AG娱乐网[③]ZHUYING: 《XINHAIGEMINGSHIQIXINSHISHANGRENSHETUANYANJIU》,ZHONGGUORENMINDAXUECHUBANSHE1991NIANBAN;MAMIN、ZHUYING: 《CHUANTONGYUJINDAIDEERZHONGBIANZOU》,BASHUSHUSHE1993NIANBAN;YUHEPING: 《SHANGHUIYUZHONGGUOZAOQIXIANDAIHUA》,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE1993NIANBAN。

 

[④]MAMIN: 《GUANSHANGZHIJIAN: SHEHUIJUBIANZHONGDEJINDAISHENSHANG》,TIANJINRENMINCHUBANSHE1995NIANBAN;ZHUYING: 《GUANYUWANQINGSHIMINSHEHUIYANJIUDEJIDIANSIKAO》,《LISHIYANJIU》1996NIANDI4QI;ZHUYING: 《ZHUANXINGSHIQIDESHEHUIYUGUOJIA——YIJINDAIZHONGGUOSHANGHUIWEIZHUTIDELISHITOUSHI》,HUAZHONGSHIFANDAXUECHUBANSHE1997NIANBAN。

 

[⑤] XINGLONG、MAWEIQIANG、CHANGLIBING: 《YUEDANGDUSHI: BEIFANGNONGCUNDEJITIHUASHIDAI》,BEIJINGDAXUECHUBANSHE2011NIANBAN。XINGLONG: 《HUIWANGJITIHUA: SHANXINONGCUNSHEHUIYANJIU》,SHANGWUYINSHUGUAN2014NIANBAN。

 

AG娱乐网[⑥]ZHANGZHONGLIZHUBIAN: 《JINDAISHANGHAICHENGSHIYANJIU》,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE1990NIANBAN;WEIYINGTAOZHUBIAN: 《JINDAIZHONGQINGCHENGSHISHI》,SICHUANDAXUECHUBANSHE1991NIANBAN;LUOPENGWEIZHUBIAN: 《JINDAITIANJINCHENGSHISHI》,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUECHUBANSHE1993NIANBAN。PIMINGXIUZHUBIAN: 《JINDAIWUHANCHENGSHISHI》,ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUECHUBANSHE1993NIANBAN。

 

[⑦]ZHANGZHONGLIZHUBIAN: 《DONGNANYANHAICHENGSHIYUZHONGGUOJINDAIHUA》,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE1996NIANBAN。ZHANGZHONGLI、XIONGYUEZHI、SHENZUWEIZHUBIAN: 《ZHANGJIANGYANJIANGCHENGSHIYUZHONGGUOJINDAIHUA》,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE2002NIANBAN。

 

[⑧]WANGDI: 《CHAGUAN: CHENGDOUDEGONGGONGSHENGHUOHEWEIGUANSHIJIE(1900-1950)》,SHEHUIKEXUEWENXIANCHUBAN2010NIANBAN。WANGDI: 《JIETOUWENHUA: CHENGDOUGONGGONGKONGJIAN、XIACENGMINZHONGYUDIFANGZHENGZHI(1870-1930)》, LIDEYING、XIEJIHUA、DENGLIYI,SHANGWUYINSHUGUAN2013NIANBAN。

 

AG娱乐网[⑨]WANGMINDENGBIAN: 《SHANGHAICHENGSHISHEHUISHENGHUOSHI: JINDAISHANGHAICHENGSHIGONGGONGKONGJIAN(1843-1949)》,2011NIANBAN;ZHANGXIAOCHUAN: 《JINDAISHANGHAIZHABEIJUMINSHEHUISHENGHUO》,2009NIANBAN;MAJUN: 《WUTING﹒SHIZHENG: SHANGHAIBAINIANYULESHENGHUODEYIYE》,2010NIANBAN;TANGYANXIANG、ZHEXIAOQI: 《JINDAISHANGHAIFANDIANYUCAICHANG》,2008NIANBAN,SHANGHAICISHUCHUBANSHE。

 

AG娱乐网[⑩] SHIAIDONG: 《XUESHUXINGYESHENGTAIZHI: YIZHONGGUOXIANDAIMINSUXUEWEILI》,《QINGHUADAXUEXUEBAO(ZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEBAN)》,2010NIANDI2QI。

 

AG娱乐网[11] ZHANGKAIYUAN: 《LISHIXUNZONG》,《XINHAIQIANHOUSHISHILUNCONGXUBIAN》,HUAZHONGSHIFANDAXUECHUBANSHE1996NIANBAN,DI9YE。

 

[12] ZHENGLI、LIANGYONG: 《XINSHILIAOYUXINSHIXUE——ZHENGZHENMANJIAOSHOUFANGTAN》,《XUESHUYUEKAN》2012NIANDI4QI。

 

AG娱乐网[13] TANQIXIANG: 《PEIYANGBOSHISHENGDEJIDIANTIHUI》,《GAOJIAOZHANXIAN》1985NIANDI5QI。

 

[14]WEILEWANCHENGYIXIEXIANGMU,WANGWANGYOULAOSHIDAILINGXUESHENGGONGTONGJINXINGYANJIU,ZAICIGUOCHENGZHONG,LAOSHIZUOCHUXINCHENGJI,ERXUESHENGDECHENGZHANGYOUWEIXUNSU。RUHOUYANGFANG、LIYUSHANGDENGYULAOSHIMENHEZUOWANCHENGXIANGMUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,30SUIZUOYOUJIUCHUBANLEYOUYINGXIANGLIDEZHUZUO。HOUYANGFANGZHUANXIELEGEJIANXIONGZHUBIANDE《ZHONGGUORENKOUSHI》DI6JUAN(FUDANDAXUECHUBANSHE2001NIANBAN)。LIYUSHANGYUCAOSHUJIHEZHUANLE《SHUYI: ZHANZHENGYUHEPING——ZHONGGUODEHUANJINGYUSHEHUIBIANQIAN(1230—1960NIAN)》(SHANDONGHUABAOCHUBANSHE2006NIANBAN)DENGLUNZHU。

 

AG娱乐网[15]LUOYANCHUN、ZHOUXIN: 《ZOUJINXIANGCUNDEZHIDUSHIYANJIU——LIUZHIWEIJIAOSHOUFANGTANLU》,《ZHONGGUOSHEHUILISHIPINGLUN》DI14JUAN,TIANJINGUJICHUBANSHE2013NIANBAN,DI390—415YE。



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