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AG娱乐网LIJUNLING: YISHIZHENGZHI——SHANGANNINGBIANQUZHENGFUDUIHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANDEJISIDIANLI

作者: 文章来源:AG娱乐网

摘要: 从1939年到1949年,陕甘宁边区政府曾数次独立举行对黄帝与成吉思汗的祭祀典礼。这两项祭礼不同于明清时期的帝王陵寝祭礼,而是被设计成象征威权体制、增强中华民族凝聚力的现代政治仪式。经过数年延续,二者成为新的革命礼仪传统。其所展示的操演策略与社会动员技术主要模仿了南京国民政府的相关仪式。在对黄帝、成吉思汗的符号建构与仪式象征的运用上,边区政府与南京国民政府始终存在着竞争态势,其实质在于两党政权正当性的冲突与对抗。在国共两党的政治弈局中,边区政府的成吉思汗祭礼有力增进了蒙古族对中共政权的认同感,而黄帝祭礼则生动展演了中共的民族主义策略与威权政治体制。这两种祭礼的运用,从一个侧面体现出中共在局部执政时对政治进行仪式化运作的机制与效能。

 

关键词: 仪式政治  祭祀  黄帝  成吉思汗  陕甘宁边区政府

 

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一、始祭二帝的机缘与前奏

 

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二、从“礼”到“仪”: 二帝祭祀的现代转换

 

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WEIZHONGHUAMINGUOERSHIBANIANLIUYUEERSHIYIRI,ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZHONGYANGWEIYUANHUIDAIBIAOXIEJUEZAI、GUOMINGEMINGJUNDIBALUJUNDAIBIAOTENGDAIYUAN、SHANGANNINGBIANQUZHENGFUDAIBIAOGAOZILI,LVYANANDANGZHENGJUNMINXUEGEJIE,JINYIQINGZHUOSHUXIUZHIDIAN,ZHIJIYUSHENGWUHUANGDIYUANTAIZUCHENGJISIHANZHILINGYUE:

AG娱乐网RIKOUCHENGBING,WEIHUOZHONGGUO。BUFENMENGHAN,RUCHUYIZHE。XIAORANFANGONG,SHIZECANMIN。HANMENGGEZU,JIEYANZHONGDING。……JIANKUFENDOU,GONGCHANDANGREN。HUANGHUANGGANGLING,JIUGUOJIUMIN。ZUWUKESHENG,DANGRENBURANG。……CIJUCIZHI,JIZAIJIUJIANG。SHANGXIANG。[16]

 

JIWENDUBA,LESHENGZHONGQI。DIWUXIANG,DAERHUTEFUYULINGQIAN,BIMUGONGSHOU,LANGSONGMENGJING。DILIUXIANG,HUIZHONGLIEDUIRAOXINGLINGQIAN,ZHANYANGCHENGJISIHANLINGCHEN。12SHIXU,CIJILIGAOCHENG。CHENGJISIHANJISIYOUCICHENGWEISHANGANNINGBIANQUZHENGFUGUIGEZUIGAODEZHENGZHIDIANLIZHIYI。

 

BIANQUZHENGFUDECHENGJISIHANJILIBUTONGYUDAERHUTECHUANCHENGDEMENGGUZUJILI,YEBUTONGYUQINGDAIGUANFANGDEJILI。ANZHAOYUANDAIZHIDU,DAERHUTEYAOWEICHENGLINGJUXINGDUOZHONGJILI,QIZHONGZUIZHONGYAODESHISISHIDADIAN。GAIDADIANBAOKUOCHUNJICHAGANLUSUKEDAJI、XIAJINAOERDAJI、QIUJIDASIMADAJIHEDONGJISIRIGEDAJI,YICHAGANSULUKEDAJIZUIWEILONGZHONG。ZHEIXIEJISIZAIJIPIN、JIQI、JIYIDENGFANGMIANDAIYOUMENGGUZUDECHUANTONGTESE。QIJIBENDIANLICHENGXUWEI: (YI)XIANHADA(ER)JUZHU(SAN)FENXIANG(SI)GONGSHENG,(WU)DIANJIU,(LIU)CHANGSONGCI,(QI)JIZAO,(BA)JISHENAN,(JIU)JIGONGJIAN,(SHI)FENZUOROU。XINGSANGUIJIUKOULI。QINIANJI、JIJIHEYUEJIDELIYIDAZHIXIANGTONG,DANZAIJILESHANGYOUSUOQUBIE。BIANQUZHENGFUSUIMEIYOUFANGZHAOZHEIXIEJISIXINGSHI,DANTEDIANPAILEDAERHUTESONGJINGDEHUANJIE。XIANGDUIYUQINGDAIGUANFANGDEJILI,YANANCHENGJISIHANJILIFUYOUXIANZHUDESHIDAIQIXI。ANZHAOGUANGXUCHAO《DAQINGHUIDIANSHILI》,QINGTINGDUICHENGLINGSHIXING“WANGJI”;DIHOUXUNXINGZHIDI,JIEJISIDANGDIDEDIWANGLINGMIAO;FANGUOJIAYOUDAQINGDIAN,YEYAOJISIGEDIDIWANGLINGMIAOYUJINGSHIDELIDAIDIWANGMIAO。QIJISIYIJIEYISANXIAN(CHUXIAN、YAXIAN、ZHONGXIAN)WEIZHONGXIN,JISIZHEXINGLIANGGUILIUBAILI,DUJIWEN。XIANRAN,YANANDECHENGJISIHANJILIZAIXINGSHISHANGYUCICHAYIJIAODA,DANDUJIWEN、XIANJIPINDEYIJIEZAIYUANZESHANGJICHENGXIALAI。ZUIGUANJIANDESHI,ZAICIJILIZHONGZUOWEIJISIDUIXIANGDECHENGJISIHANBUSHIGUDAIDIWANG,ERSHI“ZHONGHUAMINZUYINGXIONG”HE“SHIJIEJUREN”。

 

AG娱乐网BIANQUZHENGFURUCIZHONGSHIZHEIYIJILI,YUCHENGJISIHANDEZHENGZHIFUHAOPOYOUGUANXI。ZAINANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUDEJIANGOUXIA,CHENGJISIHANBUJINSHIMENGGUZUDEYIWEIYINGXIANGRENWU,GENGSHIDAIBIAOZHONGHUAMINZUYUZHONGHUAMINGUODEYIGEZHENGZHIFUHAO。CONG1936NIANQI,NANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUYUNEIMENGGUDIFANGZHENGFUJUNPAIDAIBIAOQIANWANGYIJINHUOLUOCANJIACHENGJISIHANJILI。ZHEIXIEDAIBIAOZHIJISHI,“CAIYONGWUSEHADA,XISHENGZEWEIPINMAYIPI,MIANYANGBATOU,QITAXIANGZHUNAIJIUDENGJUNQIBEI”,QIYISHIZHILONGZHONGYUMENGRENJUXINGDEJIJIBUXIANGSHANGXIA。[17]CIJUBEI《MENGZANGYUEBAO》CHENGWEI“MINGUOYILAIZHICHUANGJU”[18],YIWEIZHECHENGJISIHANJISIZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGSHENGGEWEIZHONGHUAMINGUODEGUOJIAJISI,ERCHENGJISIHANYEYINCICHENGWEIZHONGHUAMINGUODEZHENGZHIXIANGZHENGFUHAO。1939NIANCHENGLINGXIQIANDEXIANGGUANJILIZAICUISHENGMINZUQINGGANDETONGSHI,YEZENGJINLEMENGGUZUDUIYUNANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUDEZHENGZHIRENTONGGAN。DANGSHISHOUHUCHENGLINGDEDAERHUTEDUINANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUSHENHUAIGANJIZHIQING,CHENGCHENGLINGXIQIAN“ZUJIANAGYULEWANGZHONGYANGDUIMENGGUTONGBAOGUANHUAIZHIQIE,FEIDANSHENGZHESHENMENGDAEN,JIAGYULEWANGTAIZUYIDANGKEWEIQIZAITIANZHILING,ZIJINLVQUANTISHOULINGDAERHATESHIBENTAIZUJIANMIE╳KOUYIZHI,JIECHENGYONGZUIGAOLINGXIU,KANGZHANDAODI,YIWANCHENGJIANGUOSHIMING,FUXINGMINZUDAYE”[19]。ZAICHENGLINGXIQIANGUOCHENGZHONG,DIFANGZHENGFUZHELICHANYANGCHENGJISIHANDUIYUZHONGHUAMINZUDELISHIYIYI,BIRUSHANXIYULINZAI1939NIAN5YUE15RIJUXINGLESHENGDADECHENGJISIHANGONGJIHUODONG,MANCHENGTIECHUCAISEBIAOYUBINGXUANGUAHONGHUANGBUHENGE,QISHANGMIANDEWENZIYUN“CHENGJISIHANSHIMINZUYINGXIONG”、“CHENGJISIHANSHILISHISHANGBUXIUDERENJIE”、“CHENGJISIHANGONGXUNBUXIU”DENGDENG。[20]YANTUGUANKANCHENGLINGXIQIANDERENMENTONGMARIKOU,CHENGZANGUOMINZHENGFUDEMINZUDAYI,SHENZHIYOUMEITILEGUANXUANCHENG“ZHONGHUAMINZUZHIJIECHENGWENTI,ZAIFENGYIGUOCHENGZHONGYIXIANCHUSHUGUANGLE”[21]。JINGGUOSHEHUIMEITIDEBUDUANBAODAO,FUHAOHUADECHENGJISIHANBUJINDAIBIAOLEMENGGUZUDELISHIYUGUANGRONG,ERQIEYUZHONGHUAMINZUDEZHENGZHIMINGYUNXIUQIXIANGGUAN。YOUSHIZHISHIZHENDUICHENGLINGXIQIANBEIHOUDEMINZUWEIJIFENXICHENG: “JINRIMENGZUCHULUZHIYOUYIGE: NEIBIANSHINULICANJIAMOUQUZIYOUJIEFANGDEZUGUOKANGZHAN。……WULUNSHIWEILEFUCHIBENZUYIWANGDEGUANGRONGLISHI,YIHUOZHENGQULAIRIDEGUANGMINGHEZIYOU,DOUYINGJIANJUEZHANZAIKANGZHANZHENXIANSHANG,NULIWEIJIANLIDULIZIZHUDEZHONGHUAMINGUOERFENDOU。”[22]ZHEIYIZHUZHANGJIANGCHENGJISIHAN、MENGGUZUYUZHONGHUAMINGUOJINMILIANXIZAIYIQI,FANYINGLESHIRENDUIYUMINZUTUANJIEKANGZHANDEQIXU。KEYISHUO,CHENGLINGDEXIQIANYUJISIZAISHEHUIMEITIBAODAODEXUANRANXIA,CHENGGONGDIJIANGCHENGJISIHANJIANGOUCHENGWEIZHONGHUAMINZUYUZHONGHUAMINGUODEZHENGZHIXIANGZHENGFUHAO。DUIZHEIYIFUHAODEYISHIHUAZHANYANZAIXIANGDANGCHENGDUSHANGCUJINLEMENGGUZURENKENANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUDEZHENGDANGXING。YOUYUCHENGJISIHANJILIZAIMINZUTUANJIEYUZHENGZHIRENTONGFANGMIANDEJIJIZUOYONG,ZHONGGONGLIANXUSHUNIANJUXINGZHEIYIDIANLI,CONGERZAICANYUJIANGOUCHENGJISIHANZHEIYIXIANGZHENGFUHAODETONGSHI,YEYINGDEMENGGUZUDUIYUBIANQUZHENGFUDELIJIEYUZHICHI。

 

YANANDECHENGJISIHANJILIHAIYOUYIXIANGZHONGYAOGONGYONG,JITONGGUOZHENGZHIYISHICHANYANGZHONGGONGDUIYUMENGGUZUDEMINZUZHENGCE。1935NIAN,MAOZEDONGYIZHONGHUASUWEIAIGONGHEGUOZHONGYANGZHENGFUZHUXIDEMINGYI,FABIAOLE《ZHONGHUASUWEIAIZHONGYANGZHENGFUDUINEIMENGGURENMINXUANYAN》,HAOZHAONEIMENGGURENMINQILAIKANGRIFANJIANG。ZHEIYIXUANYANZHICHU: “AGYULEWANGRENWEIZHIYOUAGYULEWANGTONGNEIMENGGUMINZUGONGTONGFENDOU,CAINENGHENKUAIDEDADAOAGYULEWANGGONGTONGDEDIRENRIBENDIGUOZHUYIJIJIANGJIESHI。TONGSHIXIANGXIN,NEIMENGGUMINZUZHIYOUYUAGYULEWANGGONGTONGZHANDOU,CAINENGBAOCUNCHENGJISIHANSHIDAIDEGUANGRONG,BIMIANMINZUDEMIEWANG,ZOUSHANGMINZUFUXINGDEDAOLU。”[23]ZAIDANGSHIZHONGGONGDEZHENGZHISHILIMINGXIANRUOYUGUOMINDANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,GAIXUANYANDUIMENGGUZUDEHAOZHAOLIJIAOWEIYOUXIAN。ZAICHENGLINGXIQIANSHI,ZHONGGONGYUBIANQUZHENGFUYICIWEIQIJI,JINGXINJUBANCHENGJISIHANJILI,YICHUANBOQIDUIYUMENGGUZUDEMINZUZHENGCE,CHONGFENDIAODONGCANJIAZHEDEMINZUQINGGAN,TONGSHIHAIPIPANFANGAIMINZUTUANJIEDEDAHANZUZHUYIHEXIAAIMINZUZHUYI。QITEBIEANPAIDEDAERHUTEZAIDIANLISHANGLANGSONGMENGJINGDEHUANJIE,TIXIANLEDUIMENGGUZUDEXINYANGCHUANTONGHEYUYANWENZIDEZUNZHONG。CONGZHEIYIJILIKAN,ZHONGGONGYUBIANQUZHENGFUSHITUYI“ZHENGQUEDESHAOSHUMINZUZHENGCELAIGAIBIANZHONGGUOGUOQUCHUANTONGDECUOWUZHENGCE”,“ZUOCHENGMOFANLAITUIDONGYINGXIANGGUOMINDANG”ZHUANBIANDEZHENGZHICELVE。[24]TONGSHI,ZHEIYIJILIYEXUANCHUANLEZHONGGONGZAIMINZUPINGDENG、ZIYUANYUANZEXIAHUXIANGTUANJIE,JIANLITONGYIZHENGFUDEZHENGZHIZHUZHANG。ZAIYANANCANJIACHENGJISIHANJILIDEMENGGUZUDAIBIAOYOUCIGENGCHONGFENDIRENSHIYULIJIELE《SHANGANNINGBIANQUSHIZHENGGANGLING》GUANYUMENGGUZUDEZHENGCE,JI“YIJUMINZUPINGDENGYUANZE,SHIXINGMENGHUIMINZUYUHANZUZAIZHENGZHI、JINGJI、WENHUASHANGDEPINGDENGQUANLI,JIANLIMENGHUIMINZUDEZIZHIQU,ZUNZHONGMENGHUIMINZUDEZONGJIAOXINYANGYUFENGSUXIGUAN”[25]。1941NIAN,YANANCHENGLILE“YANANMINZUXUEYUAN”,LAICIJIUDUDEMENGGUZUXUESHENGYINWEIYANANDECHENGJISIHANJINIANTANGERDUIBIANQUZHENGFUSHENHUAIHAOGAN。QIZHONGYIWEIMINGWEIYUNCHENGLIEDEMENGGUZUXUESHENGHOULAIHUIYISHUO: “AGYULEWANGZAIZHEILISHENQIEDIGANSHOUDAOLEDANGDUISHAOSHUMINZUDEGUANHUAIHEDANGDEMINZUZHENGCEDEYINGMING。YIHOUYUELAIYUEDUODESHIQINGSHIAGYULEWANGGANSHOUDEGENGSHENKE、GENGQIANGLIE。YOUQISHICHENGJISIHANJINIANTANGZAIYANANDEJIANLI,JIAGYULEWANGDEGANSHOUJIWEISHENKE。”[26]KEJIAN,YANANDECHENGJISIHANJILIQUESHIYOUZHUYUXUANCHUANZHONGGONGDEMINZUZHENGCE。ZHEIBUJINZENGQIANGLEMENGHANLIANGZUDETUANJIE,YECUJINLEMENGGUZUDUIBIANQUZHENGFUDEZHENGZHIRENTONGGAN。

 

BIANQUZHENGFUDECHENGJISIHANJILIZHONGZAICHANYANGMINZUTUANJIEKANGZHANDELICHANG,ERQIHUANGLINGJILIZEZHONGZAIPIPANJIANGJIESHIYU“DIZHUJIEJI”。1948NIANQINGMINGJIE,ZHONGGONGYUBIANQUZHENGFUZAIHUANGLINGLONGZHONGJUXINGJISIDIANLI。HUANGDILINGQIANCANGLVDESONGFANGSHANGXUANGUAZHEYIFUDUILIAN: “GUANGFUHUANGDILING,SAOQINGJIANGHUXIEYAOFEN;JIEFANGQUANZHONGGUO,JIANLIMINZHUXINJIABANG。”LINGMUJITINGSHANGMANCHENJICAI、JIULI、GUOPIN、HUAQUANDENG,QIFENLONGZHONGZHUANGYAN。ZHUJIRENWEILIUJINGFAN、ZHAOSHOUSHAN、GANSIQI,PEIJIRENWEIYANGBOLUN、LISHENG、XUWENLIJISHIMINDAIBIAODENG。QIANLAIZHANLIDEYOUHUANGLINGXIANCHENGGUANDEMINZHONG,XIBEIRENMINJIEFANGJUN“GONGLAO”BUSIZHIDUIDEZHIZHANYUANYIJIDANGDIXUEXIAODEBUFENSHISHENG。JILIDEQIANQIXIANGCHENGSHIWEI: (YI)MINGPAOSANXIANG,(ER)SHANGXIANG,(SAN)XIANJUE,(SI)XIANHUAQUAN,(WU)DUJIWEN,(LIU)XINGSANJUGONGLI,(QI)MONIAN。DIBAXIANGCHENGSHISHIZHAOSHOUSHANJIANGJUNJIANGHUA。TASHOUXIANJIANGSHUSHUO,JINGGUOZHONGHUAMINZUXIANZUHUANGDIDEJIANNANCHUANGYEYIJIHOULAILIDAILAODONGRENMINDEQINLAOKAITUO,CAIYOULEJINTIANZHONGGUOZHEIYIPIANGUANGKUODEJINXIUHESHAN。JIEZHE,TATONGCHIJIANGJIESHISHUO: “RENMINGONGDIJIANGJIESHI,BAZHONGGUODEZHUQUANGANGANJINGJINGDEQUANMAIJIMEIGUOLE,TADEMAIGUOZUIXINGSAIGUOLEDAHANJIANYUANSHIKAI、WANGJINGWEI。”[27]ZHIHOU,YOUHAOZHAODAJIACHEDIXIAOMIE“JIANGHUFEIBANG”,“BAMEIDIGUOZHUYIGANCHUZHONGGUOQU!CHEDIXIAOMIEDIZHUJIEJI,PINGFENTUDI,SHIRENRENYOUFANCHI,GUOHAOGUANGJING。”[28]JILIDEDIJIUXIANGCHENGSHIWEIMINGLIPAO,ZOUJUNLE。ZUIHOUYIXIANGSHICANJIAJISIDEQUANTIRENYUANPAIZHAOLIUNIAN,RAOXINGLINGMUYIZHOU。

 

AG娱乐网ZHEIYIHUANGLINGJILIYU1935NIANNANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUDEHUANGLINGJILIJIBENXIANGTONG,ZAIJIPINYUJILISHANGDOUFUYOUFUHEZHENGZHIYISHIXIANDAIHUAQUSHIDEXINNEIRONG。[29]SUOBUTONGZHEYOUER: QIANZHEZAICHENGSHISHANGZENGJIALEZHUJIRENJIANGHUA。ZHEIDAOSHIYUNANJINGZHENGFUJISIKONGZISHIBAOGAOKONGZIJINIANYIYIDEYIJIEXIANGSI。ERSHIQIANZHESHIYONGLEBAIHUAWEN,ZHEZHONGXUSHUZHONGGONGGEMINGSHIYEDELICHENGYUZHENGDANGXING。[30]ZHEISHIJINDAIGUOJIAHUANGLINGJISIZHONGDEDIYIPIANBAIHUAWENJIWEN,WANQUANGAIBIANLECHUANTONGJIWENSHIYONGSIZIYIJUDEWENYANGUIZHI。

 

CHULELIYIDEXINGSHIZHIWAI,BIANQUZHENGFUDEHUANGLINGJILIYUCHUANTONGHUANGDISIDIANZAIZHENGZHIGUANNIANSHANGYEDABUYIYANG。ZAIMINGQINGSIDIANZHONG,HUANGDIZUOWEIGUDAIDIWANGZHIYIBEIJISI,ERQIEQIJILIQIANGDIAO“TIANDIJUNQINSHI”DELUNLIZHIXUYUGANGCHANGMINGJIAO,TIXIANLEWANGCHAOTONGZHIDEZHENGDANGXING。ERDUIYUZHONGGONGERYAN,HUANGDIZHISHIZHONGHUAMINZUDESHIZU,ERFEIDIWANG。QIJISIHUANGDI,YIZAIHUANQIFANKANGGUOMINDANGTONGZHIDEMINZUJIEFANGYISHI,ERFEIZHANYANWANGCHAOZHENGQUANDEZHENGTONGYULUNLIHUADEZHENGZHIZHIXU。HUANYANZHI,BIANQUZHENGFUDEHUANGLINGJISISHIYIZHONGYOUZHENGDANGYUZHENGFUZHUDAO、SHEHUIGEJIEGUANGFANCANYUDEXIANDAIZHENGZHIYISHI。ZHEIZHONGYISHIGENGXIANGSHIJUCHANGXINGDEBIAOYAN,QINLINXIANCHANGDEMEIYIWEICANYUZHEZAIJILIDESUZAOYUYINDAOXIA,QUERENZIJISHIZHONGHUAMINZUGONGTONGTIDEYIFENZI,TONGSHIBEIFUYUXIANGGUANDEZERENYUSHIMING。DANGRAN,BIANQUZHENGFUDEHUANGLINGJISIZAIWENHUAGUANNIANSHANGYANXULECHONGBAIZUXIANDEBENTUCHUANTONG。

 

ZAIDUIHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANDEJILISHANG,BIANQUZHENGFUMINGXIANSHOUDAOGUOMINDANGYUNANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUXIANGGUANLIYISHEJIJIQISHIJIANDEQIFA,TONGSHIYEYOUDUIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWANGCHAOJILIDECHOUXIANGJICHENG。CIWAI,SULIANGONGCHANDANGZAIZHENGZHIYISHISHANGDUIYANANDEYINGXIANGRUOYINRUOXIAN。SIDALINZAIZHIZHENGSHIQISHIFENZHONGSHIZHENGZHIDEYISHIHUAYUNZUO,YOUHAIWAIXUEZHETANDAO“SIDALINZHUYIDEYISHI”SHIZHICHU,“MEIGEGEMINGHOUDEZHENGQUANZONGSHINULIHUOZHEJICHENGTASUOQUDAIDENEIGEZHENGQUANDEJIUYISHI,HUOZHEFEICHUTAMEN,YIZIJIDEYISHIQUERDAIZHI。ZHEIZHENGSHIGONGCHANDANGRENSUOZUNXUNDEMOSHI”[31]。SULIANGONGCHANDANGFAMINGDEGONGKAISHENPAN、SIDALINCHONGBAI、WUYIJIEYOUXING、JIEFANGJINIANRIYOUXINGDENGZHENGZHIYISHI,CHONGFENYUNYONGZHENGZHIXIANGZHENGDESHOUDUAN,QIANGHUACANYUZHEDEZHENGZHISHENFENYISHIYUGUISHUGAN。“SIDALINZHUYIDEYISHI”YINGXIANGZHONGGONGDEJUTIGUOCHENG,SHANGWEIDEDAOQINGXIDECHENGXIAN,DANCONGYANANSHIQIZHONGGONGGENJUDIDE“WUYI”JINIANDENGHUODONGZHONGKESHAOKUIQIDUANNI。YOUCIKETUIDUAN,BIANQUZHENGFUDEZHENGZHIYISHIHUAYUNZUOYUSUGONGDEMOUXIEZHENGZHICELVEHEJISHUJUYOUWEIMIAODEGUANLIAN。

 

JIANYANZHI,BIANQUZHENGFUDUIHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANDEJILISHIXIANLECONGLIDAOYIDEXIANDAIXINGZHUANHUAN。

 

三、谁主沉浮: 二帝祭祀的政治正统宣示

 

1939NIANDAO1949NIANBIANQUZHENGFUDUIHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANDEJILIYANXUCHENGYIZHONGXINDEGEMINGLIYICHUANTONG。JINGUANQILISHIJIAOWEIDUANZAN,DANGUANXIDAOGUOGONGLIANGDANGJIQIZHENGQUANDEZHENGTONGZHIZHENG。

 

AG娱乐网DUICHENGJISIHANDEJISIQUANZAIMOUZHONGYIYISHANGXIANGZHENGZHEMINZUJIEFANGSHIYEDELINGDAOQUAN。1939NIAN,BIANQUZHENGFUZAIYANANJIANLILE“CHENGJISIHANJINIANTANG”,XUANGUACHENGJISIHANDEHUAXIANG,BINGJIANGCICHUZUOWEIZHANGQIJISIZHEIWEIMINZUYINGXIONGDEZHUANYONGCHANGSUO。YINIANXIA,MAOZEDONG、ZHUDEDENGRENFAQILEGONGJICHENGJISIHANDEHUODONG。7YUE24RI,BIANQUZHENGFUZHAOKAICHENGJISIHANJINIANDAHUI,TONGSHIJUXINGCHENGJISIHANJINIANTANGJIMENGGUWENHUACHENLIEGUANLUOCHENGDIANLI。DANGTIAN6SHIZHENGJILIKAISHI,ZAIXIONGZHUANGDEJUNLESHENGZHONG,YUHUIZHETUOMAOQILI,XIANGCHENGJISIHANYIXIANGJUGONGZHIJING。JIEZHE,WUYUZHANGZAIDAHUISHANGZUOBAOGAO。TAZHICHU,“CHENGJISIHANZHENGZHANSUOYIHUOSHENG,SHIYINTABUJINNENGTUANJIEBENMINZU,BINGNENGTUANJIEQITAXIONGDIMINZU。AGYULEWANGZAIKANGRIMINZUGEMINGZHANZHENGSANZHOUNIANDEJINTIANLAIJINIANTA,JIUSHIYAOFAYANGAGYULEWANGMINZUTUANJIEYUWUDEWEIDAJINGSHEN,TUANJIEGUONEIGEMINZUZHENGQUKANGZHANSHENGLI”[32]。ZHUDEYEZAIHUISHANGJIANGLEHUA,DAYISHUO: “JINIANCHENGJISIHAN,YAOXUEXITATUANJIEYUWUDEJINGSHEN,YAOSHIXINGMINZUPINGDENG,SHIGUONEIGEMINZUGONGTONGXIESHOU,WEIZHONGHUAMINZUJIEFANGERDOUZHENG!”[33]DONGBIWUYEYINGYAOJIANGLEHUA。ZHIHOU,MENG、HUI、HANDENGZUDAIBIAOYEXIANHOUDENGTAIFAYAN,BIAOSHIYAOZAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDELINGDAOXIABADIRENDACHUQU,WANCHENGZHONGHUAMINZUDEJIEFANGDAYE。BIANQUZHENGFUDECHENGJISIHANJILIZHONGZAICHANYANGMINZUZHUYI,TONGSHIZHONGGONGYEJIECIXIANGZHENGZIJIDUIMINZUJIEFANGSHIYELINGDAOQUANDEZHANGWO。

 

AG娱乐网CHENGJISIHANJILIJITIXIANLEMENGGUZUDEMINZUZUNYAN,YEZENGQIANGLEMENGGUZUDUIBIANQUZHENGFULINGDAOMINZUKANGZHANDELIJIEYUZHICHI。1942NIANCHUN,BIANQUZHENGFUWEICHENGJISIHANJILITEBOKUAN8000YUANJINGFEI。SHANGANNINGBIANQUMENGGUWENHUACUJINHUIBIANYIN《YANANGEJIEJINIANCHENGJISIHANZHUANKAN》,FENZENGYANANMENGGUTONGBAOHEGEGEJIGUAN。MAOZEDONG、ZHUDEFENBIEWEIZHUANKANTIXIELE“TUANJIEKANGZHAN”、“ZHONGHUAMINZUYINGXIONG”DETICI。JILIDEHUITANGBUZHIZHUANGYANSUMU,HUITANGZHONGYANGDUANZHICHENGJISIHANSHIDESHIGAOXIANG,ZHOUWEITIEGUAZHEMENGGURENMINSHENGHUOFENGSUDESUXIE。YONGBOYEDAZHUQIDELINGTANGZHONGYANGGONGFENGQUANYANGLIANGZHI,ZHOUWEIBIANRANXIANGZHU。5YUE5RIJUXINGJILI,WUYUZHANGTONGZHIHEMENGGUZUAIGUORENSHI、BIANFUWEIYUANNEISUDILEGAIWEICHENGJISIHANCHUNJIDEZHUJIREN。DIANLIKAISHIHOU,SHOUXIANSHI3WEILAMAPANDINIANJING,BAIYUMENGGUTONGBAOJIGEJIGUANXUEXIAODEDAIBIAOJUNMOLITANGQIANZHIJI。ZHIHOU,WUYUZHANGTONGZHISHOUXIANJIANGHUA: “CHENGJISIHANDEGONGJI,WEIMENGGURENSUOCHONGBAI,WEISHIJIERENSHISUOCHENGDAO,TAJIANLIGUODIKUAOUYADEYIGEDAGUOJIA,TANENGTUANJIEMINZULAIDIYUWAIWU,SHIZHONGYIBUQUBUNAODEJINGSHENHEDIRENBODOU。CHENGJISIHANSHIYEDECHENGGONG,YOUYUTANENGTUANJIERENMIN,GANKUYUGONG,JIANLILEXINDESHEHUIZHIXUHEZHENGYI。JINTIANAGYULEWANGJINIANCHENGJISIHAN,TEBIEYAOXUEXITADETUANJIEMINZUHEDIYUDIRENDEMINZUZHUYIJINGSHENLAIJIHUIAGYULEWANGDEDIREN。”[34]JIEZHESHIBIANQUZHENGFUWEIYUANNEISUDILEGAIYIMENGGUYUJIANGYAN,QIDAYIWEI:

 

AG娱乐网ZAIJINTIANCHENGJISIHANCHUNJIDAHUISHANG,AGYULEWANGGANDAOFEICHANGXINGFEN,GUOQUSHAOSHUMINZUZAIZHONGGUOSHIBUNENGBEICHENGRENSHIYIGEMINZUDE,TAMEIYOUDIWEI,WEIRENSUOQINGSHI,DANJINTIANZAIBIANQUJIUBUTONGLE,XIANGSHOUZIYOU,SHOUDAOZUNZHONG。AGYULEWANGMENGGURENYAOYICHENGJISIHANDEJINGSHENLAITUANJIEGEMINZU,AGYULEWANGMENGGUTONGBAODENEIBU,YEYAOYICHENGXIANGJIAN,ZAISHENGCHANSHANG,GONGZUOSHANG,XUEXISHANGLAIBANGZHUBIANQUZHENGFU。ZHIYAOQUANZHONGGUODEMINZUTUANJIEQILAI,YIDINGKEYIZHANSHENGAGYULEWANGDEGONGTONGDIREN——RIBENQIANGDAO。[35]

 

NEISUDILEGAIDEYANJIANGJIYOUMINZUTUANJIEKANGZHANDEZHENGZHIDONGYUANZUOYONG,YEYOUDAIBIAOMENGGUZUYONGHUSHANGANNINGBIANQUZHENGFUDEXIANGZHENGYIYI。

 

WEICHONGFENZHANSHIDUIMENGGUZUDEZUNZHONG,1944NIANCHUNJIDECHENGJISIHANJILIZE“ZAIWULANFUTONGZHIZHUJIXIA,WANQUANANZHAOMENGGUXISUJUXING”[36]。DANGSHI,YUJIZHEWEIYANANQUANTIMENGBAO、GESHAOSHUMINZUJIGEJIGUAN、XUEXIAODAIBIAOBAIYUREN。4YUE13RI,CHENGJISIHANJINIANTANGBUZHITUODANG,“ZAIZHUANGYANDECHENGJISIHANSHIGAOXIANGQIAN,MANDUIZHEGONGPIN、QUANYANGHEWUBEIQINGJIEDESHENGSHUI,SIZHOUTIEMANLEMENGWENMEISHUBIAOYU,YISHIHUICHANGXIANGYANMANQI,DENGZHUHUIYING,YAOGUTONGLINGHELAMANIANJINGZHISHENGYOUYANGKEWEN”[37]。QIYISHIWEI: (YI)JIUWEI;(ER)SONGJING;(SAN)JINGXIANG;(SI)JINGJIU;(WU)JINGBIAO;(LIU)XIANXIANGPIN;(QI)XIAN“HADA”;(BA)DUJIWEN(YIMENGHANLIANGZHONGYUYANSONGDUCHENG);(JIU)LICHENG。DIANLIJUXINGZHIHOU,MENGGUTONGBAOYUGEJIEDAIBIAOJUXINGLEZIYOUZUOTAN,TICHUDANGQIANMENGBAODERENWUSHIJICHENGCHENGJISIHANJINGSHEN,TUANJIEZHONGGUOGEMINZUYIZHIKANGRIJIUGUO。

 

BIANQUZHENGFULIANXUJUXINGCHENGJISIHANJILI,BINGJIANGQIYANXUCHENGWEIGEMINGDELIYICHUANTONG。ZHEISHIZHONGGONGZAIZHENGZHISHANGRIYICHENGSHU,NENGGOUJIANGLISHIWENHUAZIYUANZHONGDEYOUXIUBUFENZHUANHUACHENGJINGSHENWUQIDEZHONGYAOTIXIAN。ZHENGRUMAOZEDONGSUOYAN: “ZHONGGUOLISHIYILIUJIAGYULEWANGDEDONGXIZHONGYOUHENDUOHAODONGXI,ZHEISHIQIANZHENWANQUEDE。AGYULEWANGBIXUBAZHEIXIEYICHANBIANCHENGZIJIDEDONGXI。”[38]

 

ZAIBIANQUZHENGFUJISICHENGJISIHANZHISHI,GUOMINDANGGANSUSHENGZHENGFUYEZAIYUZHONGXIANXINGLONGSHANJISICHENGJISIHANLINGCHEN。MEIFENGZHONGYAOJIQI,GUOMINZHENGFUPAIZHUANRENQIANWANGZHIJI。1940NIANCHENGJISIHANDANCHENJI,GANSUSHENGZHUXIZHUSHAOLIANG,TEPAIMINZHENGTINGTINGZHANGSHIKUILINGDAOXINGLONGSHANZHIJI。1942NIANCHUNJI,GANSUSHENGZHENGFUZHUXIGUZHENGLUNQINLINZHUJI。TONGNIANXIAJI,NANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUTEPAIMENGZANGWEIYUANHUIFUWEIYUANZHANGZHAOPILIANQIANLAIZHIJI。1944NIAN,GUZHENGLUNDENGRENCANJIACHENGJISIHANDEDAJIDIANLI,YINGYAOGUANLIDEXIBEIYISHUWENWUKAOCHATUANCHENGYUANHEZHENGHUANGJIZAICICIDIANLICHENG: “JIDIANYOUGUZHUXIZHUJI,GAOJIANCHASHILVGEJIESHOUZHANGPEIJI,SHOUGEJIGUANJIUWEI,JIMINGPAOZOULE,JISHANGXIANGXIANBO,JIDUJIWEN,XUANJIMINGLELICHENG”[39]。1949NIAN8YUE13RI,NANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUJIANGCHENGJISIHANLINGCHENQIANYIDAOQINGHAIHUANGZHONGXIANTAERSI,BINGJUXINGLONGZHONGDEJILI,SHOUDAOLEDANGDIMENGGUZUMINZHONGHEHUOFODENGSENGZHONGDEHUANYING。

 

KEYISHUO,BIANQUZHENGFUDECHENGJISIHANJILIYUNANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUZAIYUZHONGDEXIANGGUANJILIXINGCHENGLEMINGXIANDEDUIKANGGEJU。QIANZHEBUJINYAOXUANCHUANQIDUIMENGGUZUDEMINZUZHENGCE,JIAQIANGKANGRIMINZUTONGYIZHANXIANDEAGYULEWANG,ERQIEYIZAIBIAOMINGZHONGGONGZHENGQUANDEZHENGDANGXINGHEFANDUIGUOMINDANG“YIDANGZHUANZHI”DEZHENGZHIZHUZHANG。HOUZHETONGGUOCHENGLINGJISIDEZHENGZHIYISHI,FANFUZHANYANNANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUWEIZHONGHUAMINGUOWEIYIZHONGYANGZHENGFUDEHEFAXING。ERZHEZAICHENGJISIHANJILISHANGDEDUIKANG,SHIZHISHILIANGGEZHENGDANGGUANYUZHENGZHIZHENGTONGDEJINGZHENG。

 

AG娱乐网CHENGRAN,BIANQUZHENGFUDECHENGJISIHANJILIZHONGZAIHUANQIMENGHANMINZUTUANJIE、GONGTONGFANKANGQINLVEDEMINZUZHUYI。KANGZHANSHENGLIHOU,ZHEIYIJILISHIQULEFAHUIQIZHUYAOZHENGZHIGONGNENGDEXIANSHIJICHU,YICIWEIMEIJIEDEGUOGONGLIANGDANGZHENGZHIZHENGDANGXINGDEJINGZHENGYEYINERDAWEIJIANRUO。1945NIAN2YUE,ZHONGGONGCONGYANANPAICHULEYIPIMENGHANGANBUQIANWANGNEIMENGGUDIQUKAIZHANGONGZUO,XIANGDUIYUCHENGJISIHANJILI,ZHEIYIJUCUOGENGJUYOUSHIZHIXINGDEDONGYUANLI。JIEFANGZHANZHENGQIJIAN,SHANGANNINGBIANQUZHENGFUWEIZAIJUXINGCHENGJISIHANJILI。

 

AG娱乐网JIUZHENGZHIZHENGTONGDEJINGZHENGERYAN,HUANGDIJILIBICHENGJISIHANJILIGENGFUYOUXIANGZHENGYIYI。CONG1940NIANDAO1947NIAN,NANJINGGUOMINZHENGFULIANNIANZAIHUANGLINGJUXINGJILI,SHIQIWEIZHONGHUAMINZUDE“SHENGDI”。CIQIJIAN,GUOMINDANGSHANXISHENGZHENGFUZHUXIXIONGBINCENGBOKUAN 10 WANYUANXIUQIHUANGDILINGMU,ZHONGBUXIANZHENGFUYUNYONGZHANGZHIZHONGJIANGJUNSUOJUANDE3WANYUAN,JIANGHUANGLINGDEXIANGDIANGAIJIANCHENGGONGDIANSHIMIAOYU。1942 NIANZHIQIAN,NANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUDEHUANGLINGJISISHANGWUZHUANYONGJIQI,GONGFENGJIPINDEJIUBEI、WANZHUDENGDOUSHILINSHICONGBIECHUJIELAIDE。WEICI,SHANXISHENGDISANQUZHUANYUANGONGSHUZAI《XIUJIANHUANGDILINGJIHUACAOAN》ZHONGCHENGQINGNEIZHENGBUQUEDINGJIQISHIYANG,“ZHICUNBEIYONG”[40]。1944NIAN,HUANGLINGSUOZAIDEZHONGBUXIANYOUNANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUZHENGWUYUANGENGMINGWEIHUANGLINGXIAN,JINYIBUTUXIANCHUHUANGLINGZUOWEIZHONGHUAMINZUSHENGDIDETESHUDIWEI。HUANGLINGDE“SHENGDI”XINGXIANGZHUJIANBEISHEHUIRENKE。1940NIAN5YUE,CHENJIAGENGLV“NANYANGHUAQIAOHUIGUOWEILAOSHICHATUAN”ZAIFUYANANTUZHONGZHUANCHENGYEJIHUANGLING,YIGAOWEIMINZUXIANZU。1948NIAN,YOURENCHANGYIJIANGHUANGLINGXIANZHENGSHISHELIWEI“MINZUSHENGDI”,ZHONGXINZHENXINGHUANGLINGJILI。[41]HAIYOURENZHUANWENZANTONGCICHANGYI,BINGDUIHUANGLINGJILIJIYULEHOUWANG,TASHUO,XIANZAIJINJINYIMINZUSAOMUJIELAIJINIANMINZUDEYUANZUSHIBUGOUDE,XUYAOZHENGZHONGQIJIDIAN,“YIMIXINCHONGBAIERWEIZUXIANCHONGBAI”,SHIMINZUSIXIANGQUYUJINGCHENGTUANJIE;RUGUONENGZAIMINZUXIANZUDELONGZHONGJIDIANZHIQIAN,TONGDINGSITONG,DAJIABINENGZHENXIGUOQU,BAWOXIANZAI,CHUANGZAOWEILAI,YIFAYANGGUANGDAZHONGHUAMINZUDEJINGSHEN。TAHAIHUYUCHENG: “JINTIANHEPING、TONGYI、MINZHU、AGYULEWANGSHIQUANMINSUOGONGSHIDEJIANGUOYAOWU,RANRUMINZUJINGSHENBUZHEN,ZEGUOJIAMASHANGWAJIE。……DANGCIJIANLIJINDAIXINZHONGGUODELIANGHAOSHIJI,BUDANBURONGYOUMINZUBAILEI,……ERBIXUYIFANGZHONGJIDIANERSHIQIBUSHUDIANWANGZU,YIFANGZEZHENGLILEYIJIANGUOJIAOMIN。”[42]ZHISHIZHEIZHONGCONGMINZUDAYICHUFADEHUYUWUZHUYUXIAOJIEGUOGONGLIANGDANGDEZHENGZHIGEHE,YEJIUHENNANFUYUHUANGLINGJILIYICUJINHEPINGTONGYIYUMINZHUJIANGUODEZHENGZHIGONGNENG。

 

XIANGDUIYUGUOMINDANGYUNANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUDUIHUANGLINGJIQIJILIDEYONGXINJINGYING,DANGSHIZHONGGONGLINGDAORENYEYIZHIJIGUAZHEHUANGLINGDUIYUZHENGZHIZHENGTONGYUMINZUDAIBIAOQUANDEXIANGZHENGZUOYONG。1940NIAN5YUE25RI,ZHUDEZONGSILINGCONGSHANXIKANGRIQIANXIANFANHUIYANANTUZHONG,ZAIMAODUNDENGRENDEPEITONGXIADENGSHANGQIAOSHAN,BAIYEHUANGLING。XIEJUEZAIYU1943NIANBAIYEHUANGLING,BINGXIEXIA《YEHUANGLING》、《HUANGLINGGUBO》DENGSHIPIAN。1948NIAN3YUE,ZHONGGONGJIEFANGLEHUANGLINGXIAN,YOUCIZHONGJIELENANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUZAIHUANGLINGJUXINGJILIDECHUANTONG。HUANGLINGXIANJIEFANGQIANXI,GUOMINDANGJUNDUIDUIHUANGLINGDEGUBEIHEXIANGMIAODENGDUOYOUPOHUAI,SHENZHIHAIZAIHUANGLINGYICEMAIZANGLEQIYIWEITUANZHIDAOYUANDEYITAITAI。ZHONGGONGDUICIZHONGXIEDU“SHENGDI”DEXINGWEIJINXINGLEYANLIPIPAN,CHENG“ZHONGHUAMINZUSHIZUSUOZAIDEHUANGLINGSHENGDI,ZAODAOTADEBUXIAOZISUNJIANGFEIDEBAIBANPOHUAIXIEDU”[43]。DUIZHONGGONGERYAN,HUANGDIJISIBUTONGYUCHENGJISIHANJISI,QIANZHEZAIDUINEIZHENGQUZHONGHUAMINZUDAIBIAOQUANYUDUIWAIFANKANGRIJUNQINLVEDELIANGFANGMIANJUNJUYOUGENGQIANGDEXIANGZHENGGONGNENG,ERHOUZHEZHONGZAICHANYANGMINZUZHUYIDUIWAIDEYIMIAN。ZAIGUOGONGLIANGDANGNEIZHANDEXINGSHIXIA,HUANGLINGSUOZAIDIJIQIJILIDEZHENGZHIXIANGZHENGYIYIGENGWEIYINRENZHUMU。

 

BIANQUZHENGFUYU1948NIANKAICHUANGLEDULIJISIHUANGDIDEGEMINGLIYICHUANTONG。1949NIANQINGMINGJIE,BIANQUZHENGFUXIANGSHANGNIANYIYANGZAIHUANGLINGLONGZHONGJUXINGJILI。CISHIQUANGUOJIEFANGJIJIANGWANCHENG,JILIYINERBIEYOUYIZHONGHUANKUAIDEXIQINGQIFEN。JIQIANHUICHANGSHANGDANGYANGZHEXIONGZHUANGYUKUAIDEGESHENG“YONGYUANDESHENGLI,YONGYUANDEGUANGMING”,“SHENGHUOZAIJIEFANGQUZHENSHIKUAIHUO”。ZUOWEIZHUJIRENDEBIANQUZHENGFUDAIBIAO、JIAOYUTINGTINGZHANGHELIANCHENGZAIJIANGHUAZHONGHAOZHAOSHUO:

 

AG娱乐网AGYULEWANGSHIZAIJIEFANGZHANZHENGJIJIANGZAIQUANGUOSHENGLIDESHIHOUJIYEHUANGLING,QUANGUORENMIN,GEMINZHUDANGPAIDOUYINGDANGJINJINDITUANJIEZAIZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGHERENMINLINGXIUMAOZHUXIDELINGDAOXIA,JIANCHIMAOZHUXISUOTICHUDEBAXIANGHEPINGTIAOJIAN,BUYIYULIDEJIANGGEMINGJINXINGDAODI,SHIHUANGDIZISUNCONGFENGJIANSHILI、DIGUOZHUYIYIJIGUANLIAOZIBENZHUYIDEYAPOXIA,HUODEZUIHOUJIEFANG。[44]

 

HEDEJIANGHUAYITUIFAN“SANZUODASHAN”WEIHAOZHAO,SHENMINGZHONGGONGGEMINGSHIYEDEZHENGDANGXINGJIQIZHENGQUANDEZHENGTONGXING。《QUNZHONGRIBAO》DUICICIHUANGLINGJILIPINGLUNCHENG: “GAIDIWEIJIEFANGQIAN,ZHENZHENGHUANGDIDEYOUXIUERNVGENBENBUNENGJIDIANZIJIDEZUXIAN。”[45]ZHEIYIWEIZHEGUOQUJISIHUANGLINGDEGUOMINDANGYUNANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUBINGFEIHUANGDIYOUXIUERNVDEDAIBIAO。

 

1948NIANHE1949NIANDEQINGMINGJIE,NANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUWUFAPAIYUANQIANWANGHUANGLINGZHIJI,ZHINENGZAISHANXISHENGFUDALOUJUXINGYAOJIHUANGDIDEDIANLI。GUOMINDANGRENZHANGZHAORONGDUIZHONGGONGJIEFANGHUANGLINGXIANJIWEIBUMAN,CHENG: “CENGJIHESHI,LUOCHUANZHANQI,HUANGLINGYIYIBEIZHAN□。GONGDANGCUICANAGYULEWANGGUOGUYOUWENHUA,WUSUOBUYONGQIJI。LINGYUANSUOZAI,DINGBUXIONGDUOJISHAO,WEIZHIQIRAN。HUANGLINGWEISHENGDI,WANBURONGZUIRENPOHUAIWUSUN。AGYULEWANGDAJUNXIANYI□JIXIAN,JIYINGJISUSHOUFU,YIQIWUFUYUAGYULEWANGZUXIANZAITIANZHILING。……ERJINMINZUSHENGCUNJIJIKEWEI,NEIZHANJIXUMIPING,RENMINJIXUSHENGXIXIUYANG,FAYANGZUCHUANGYEJINGSHEN,XIUMINGWENZHI,XUNLIANSANJUN,XUNSUWANCHENGKANLUANDAJI,SHIWEIKEBURONGHUANZHIYAOTU。”[46]KEJIAN,GUOMINDANGRENRENGZISHIWEIZHONGHUAMINZUDEDAIBIAO,ERBAZHONGGONGKANCHENGSHIPOHUAIMINZUGUYOUWENHUADEZUIREN,BIYUMIEZHIERHOUKUAI。XIANGZHANGZHAORONGSHIHUANGLINGWEIMINZU“SHENGDI”YIYANG,ZHONGGONGDUIYUZHANLINGHUANGLINGXIANDEXIANGZHENGYIYIYESHIFENZHONGSHI,SHENZHIJIANGHUANGLING “GUANGFU”DANGZUOMINZUJIEFANGYUXINZHONGGUODANSHENGDEYUZHAOYUXIANGZHENG。1949NIANZHONGGONGYUBIANQUZHENGFUJISIHUANGDIDEJIWENYUN: “YOUQIZHIDEQINGXINGDE,JIUSHIAGYULEWANGXIBEIRENMIN,XIANYISHENGLIDEGUANGFULEAGYULEWANGMINZUSHIZULINGQINSUOZAIDI——HUANGLINGXIAN(ZHONGBUXIAN)。ZHEISHIQUANMINZUJIEFANGDEXIANGZHAO,XINZHONGGUODANSHENGDERUIZHENG。”[47]

 

ZHONGGONGYUGUOMINDANGGEZIJUXINGDEHUANGLINGJILI,KECHENGSHIXIONGDIXIQIANG、ZHENGDUOZHENGTONGDEZHENGZHIYISHI。LIANGDANGJUNSHIHUANGDIWEIZHONGHUAMINZUDEYUANSHIZUXIAN,YEDOUJIANGZIJIKANCHENGSHIHUANGDIZISUN,DANQUESHIDUIFANGWEIZHONGHUAMINZUDEDIRENHUOZUIREN。TAMENDOUSHIFENZHONGSHIHUANGLINGDUIYUZHENGZHIZHENGTONGDEXIANGZHENGYIYI。ZAIQIKANLAI,SHEIKONGZHIZHEHUANGLINGSUOZAIDIBINGZHANGWOLEHUANGDIJISIQUAN,SHEIJIUSHIZHONGHUAMINZUYUZHENGZHIZHENGTONGDEZHENZHENGDAIBIAO。

 

结 

 

JILIZUOWEIJINIANSHIZHEDEZHENGZHIYISHI,“SHILIYONGTEDINGDESHIKONGHUANJINGTIAOJIAN,YINGZAOMOUZHONGTESHUDEZHUANGYANSHENSHENGFENWEI,BINGJIEZHUMOUZHONGGUIDINGXINGCAOZUOYISHI,TONGGUOXUANZEMOUYIGETIHUOQUNTIZHIWANGLINGZUOWEIDUIXIANG,ZAIWANCHENGDUISIZHEDESHENGPINGZHUIYIYUJINGSHENTILIANDETONGSHI,ZHUJIUHESUZAOYIZHONGSHIZUYIGANHUAXIANSHIHEKUIYIHOUSHIDEJUYOUFANSHIJIAZHIHEPUSHIYIYIDEOUXIANG;ZAIBIAOTAISHANG,TAJIKEYISHIYIZHONGZAIMINJIANJIAGULUNSUIDESHEHUIWENHUAFENGSU,GENGKEYISHIYIZHONGZAIGUANFANGZHIGAOWUSHANGDEMIAOTANGYISHIZHENGZHI”[48]。

 

CONG1939NIANDAO1949NIAN,ZHONGGONGZAITESHUDELISHIJIYUANXIA,YIXIANDAIZHENGZHIYISHIJISIHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHAN,BINGJIANGQIYANXUCHENGWEIXINDEGEMINGLIYICHUANTONG。CONGERDIJILIKAN,ZHONGGONGYUBIANQUZHENGFUZAILISHIWENHUAZIYUANDECHUANGZAOXINGZHUANHUANSHANGJINXINGLEYOUYIYI、YOUCHENGXIAODETANSUO。QIJICHENGLEQINGMOGEMINGDANGRENJIANGHUANGDIJIANGOUWEIZHONGHUAMINZUSHIZUDEGUANNIANYUFUHAO,SHOUDAOGUOMINDANGYUNANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUZAIHUANGLINGJILISHEJIYUSHIJIANDEQIFA。ZAICANYUNANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUFAQIDEJIANGCHENGJISIHANSUZAOWEI“SHIJIEJUREN”YU“ZHONGHUAMINZUYINGXIONG”DEZHENGZHIHUODONGZHISHI,BIANQUZHENGFUKAICHUANGCHUJUYOUZISHENTESEDECHENGJISIHANJISICHUANTONG。ZHEISHIFUHE“MINZUDE、KEXUEDE、DAZHONGDE”XINMINZHUZHUYIWENHUAAGYULEWANGLUJINGDEYIZHONGWENHUACHUANGZAO,SHIXIANLEJISIDIANLICONG“LI”DAO“YI”DEXIANDAIXINGZHUANHUAN。MAOZEDONGJIESHISHUO,XINMINZHUZHUYIWENHUAYESHI“GEMINGWENHUA”,ER“GEMINGWENHUA,DUIYURENMINDAZHONG,SHIGEMINGDEYOULIWUQI。GEMINGWENHUA,ZAIGEMINGQIAN,SHIGEMINGDESIXIANGZHUNBEI;ZAIGEMINGZHONG,SHIGEMINGZONGZHANXIANZHONGDEYITIAOBIYAOHEZHONGYAODEZHANXIAN。”[49]BIANQUZHENGFUDULIJISIHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANDEDIANLI,KEYISHUOSHIFUZHUZHENGZHIDOUZHENGDEWENHUAWUQI,JUNSHIDOUZHENGZHIWAIDELINGYITIAOZHANXIAN。QIZAICHANYANGMINZUZHUYI、ZENGQIANGMINZUNINGJULISHANGFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

 

BIANQUZHENGFUJISIHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANDEZHENGZHIYISHI,JIYOUSHITIYIYI,YEYOUXIANGZHENGYIYI。ZAISHITICENGMIANSHANG,ZHEIYIZHENGZHIYISHIWUYISHIDUTEDEZHENGZHIXUANCHUANYUSHEHUIDONGYUANXINGWEI,MINGQUEBIAODALEZHONGGONGGUANYUMINZUJIEFANGHEGUOJIAAGYULEWANGDEZHENGZHILINIANYUFENDOUMUBIAO。ZAIXIANGZHENGCENGMIANSHANG,GAIZHENGZHIYISHIZEYINYULEZHONGGONGDEZHENGZHITIZHI、QUANLIZHIXUYUZHENGQUANZHENGDANGXING。DUIYUZHONGGONGYUGUOMINDANGERYAN,HUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANDEZHUJIQUANYINHANZHEGEZIZHENGQUANDEZHENGTONGZHIZHENG。SHEIZHANGKONGLEDUIHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANDEZHUJIQUAN,SHEIJIUZAIMINZUJIEFANGSHIYESHANGYONGYOUXIANGDUIYOUSHIDEHUAYUQUANYUZHUDAOLI。JINGUANDUIHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANZHUJIQUANDEZHENGDUOBINGBUJUYUZHENGZHIDOUZHENGDEHEXINWEIZHI,DANQIDUISHEHUICHENGYUANQIANYIMOHUADEYINGXIANGQUEBUKEHUSHI。YOUQIZAICHONGMANZHENGZHIBIANSHUDEZHANZHENGHUANJINGXIA,ZUOWEIGUOJIAZHENGZHIYISHIHUAYUNZUODEJILIQUESHINENGXIANGSHEHUICHUANDIZHONGZHONGYOUDAORENXINDEXINXI。

 

BIANQUZHENGFUDEHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANJILIBANGZHUJIANGOULEZHONGGONGYIMAOZEDONGWEISHOUDEWEIQUANTIZHI。ZAIYANANDEYIXIEGONGGONGCHANGSUO,MAOZEDONGYUCHENGJISIHANDETOUXIANGBINGPAIXUANGUA,ZHEICONGYIGECEMIANZHANSHIHEQIANGHUALEMAOZAIZHONGGONGDANGNEIDELINGXIUDIWEI。ER1949NIANDEHUANGLINGJILIZEGENGMINGQUEDITICHUMAOZEDONGSHI“RENMINLINGXIU”,TONGSHISHENMINGZHONGGONGZHENGQUANSHILINGDAOZHONGHUAMINZUJIEFANGSHIYEDEWEIYIHEFAZHENGQUAN。KEYISHUO,BIANQUZHENGFUDUIHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANDEJILISHIYIZHENGZHIFUHAOJIANGOUWEIBIAOZHENG、YIYINYUZHENGQUANZHENGDANGXINGWEIZHIXIANGDEYISHIHUADEZHENGZHIYUNZUO。QIZHANYANLEZHONGGONGDEWEIQUANTIZHI,BANGZHUSUZAOLELINGXIUDEQUANWEI。

 

AG娱乐网SUIZHEKANGRIZHANZHENGYUJIEFANGZHANZHENGDEJIESHU,SHANGANNINGBIANQUZHENGFUDUIHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANDEJILIQIAORANZHONGJIE。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIZHICHUDESHUNIANJIAN,SHANXISHENGYUNEIMENGGUZIZHIQUDEDIFANGZHENGFUCENGFENBIEJUXINGDUIHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANDEJILI。JIAOZHIBIANQUZHENGFUDUIERDIDEJILI,QIZAIYISHIZHENGZHISHANGDEXIANGZHENGYIYIYUSHEHUIDONGYUANZUOYONGBUKETONGRIERYU。1955NIAN,NANYANGHUAQIAOLINGXIUCHENJIAGENGDENGRENBAIYEHUANGLINGSHI,GAIDIYISHIYIPIANCANGLIANG。

 

AG娱乐网FU: GANXIENIMINGPINGSHENZHUANJIATICHUBAOGUIDEXIUGAIYIJIANHEJIANYI。

 

 

[①] AN: DANGSHISHEHUIMEITITONGCHANGJIANGHUANGDILINGYUCHENGJISIHANLINGFENBIEJIANCHENGWEI“HUANGLING”YU“CHENGLING”。WEIXINGWENZHIBIAN,XIAWENCHUYINWENYUWENXIANMINGCHENGWAI,YIJIANGHUANGDILINGYUCHENGJISIHANLINGFENBIEJIANCHENGWEI“HUANGLING”YU“CHENGLING”。

 

[②] ZI1980NIANYILAI,XUEJIESHEJIMINGUOSHIQIZHONGGONGHUANGLINGYUCHENGLINGJISIDEAGYULEWANGXIANGGUANDEWENZHANGGONGYOU7PIAN,JUTIRUXIA: LUGUOYING: 《GUOGONGDAIBIAOGONGJIHUANGDILING——BINGDUIYIZHANGZHAOPIANSHUOMINGDEDINGZHENG》,《SHEHUIKEXUEZHANXIAN》1981NIANDI3QI;TIANFU: 《MINGUOSHOUCIJISIHUANGDILING》,《MINGUOCHUNQIU》2001NIANDI1QI;DENGPEI: 《YANANGONGJICHENGJISIHANDEHUODONG》,《WENSHIJINGHUA》2001NIANDI4QI;YISHUI: 《GUOGONGLIANGDANGLINGXIURENWUYUHUANGDILING》,《DANGDEWENXIAN》2005NIANDI5QI;WANGXURUI: 《LISHIZHIWEIJIYI: HUANGDIJISIDELIUBIAN》(《SHEHUIKEXUEPINGLUN》2007NIANDI2QI;ZHUOWEN《KANGZHANSHIQIDEHUANGLINGJISIDIANLI》,《YANGZHOUDAXUEXUEBAO(SHEHUIKEXUEBAN)》2009NIANDI5QI;CHUJINGZHENG: 《YINGXIONGCHONGBAIYUGUOZUJIANGOU: GUOZUGUANHUAIXIADECHENGLINGXIQIANJIJISI》,《QINGHAIMINZUYANJIU》2014NIANDI1QI。SHANGWEIYOUZHUANMENTANTAOMINGUOSHIQISHANGANNINGBIANQUJISIHUANGDIYUCHENGJISIHANDELUNZHU。

 

AG娱乐网[③] CHUJINGZHENG: 《YINGXIONGCHONGBAIYUGUOZUJIANGOU: GUOZUGUANHUAIXIADECHENGLINGXIQIANJIJISI》,《QINGHAIMINZUYANJIU》2014NIANDI1QI。

 

AG娱乐网[④]《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUANYUMUQIANZHENGZHIXINGSHIYUDANGDERENWUDEJUEYI》,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI、ZHONGYANGDANGANGUANBIAN: 《JIANDANGYILAIZHONGYAOWENXIANXUANBIAN(YIJIUERYI——YIJIUSIJIU)》DI12CE,ZHONGYANGWENXIANCHUBANSHE,2011,DI540YE。

 

AG娱乐网[⑤]《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGGUANYUKANGRIJIUWANGYUNDONGDEXINXINGSHIYUMINZHUGONGHEGUODEJUEYI》,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHIZHONGYANGDANGANGUANBIAN: 《JIANDANGYILAIZHONGYAOWENXIANXUANBIAN(YIJIUERYI——YIJIUSIJIU)》DI13CE,ZHONGYANGWENXIANCHUBANSHE,2011,DI284YE。

 

[⑥]《GONGJIHUANGLINGJIZHOUMAOLING》,《XIJINGRIBAO》1937NIAN4YUE6RI。

 

[⑦] QUYINGJIEZHUBIAN: 《YANHUANGHUIDIAN》(JISIJUAN),JILINWENSHICHUBANSHE,2002,DI412YE。

 

AG娱乐网[⑧] QUYINGJIEZHUBIAN: 《YANHUANGHUIDIAN》(JISIJUAN),JILINWENSHICHUBANSHE,2002,DI412YE。

 

[⑨] LUGUOYING: 《GUOGONGDAIBIAOGONGJIHUANGDILING——BINGDUIYIZHANGZHAOPIANSHUOMINGDEDINGZHENG》,《SHEHUIKEXUEZHANXIAN》1981NIANDI3QI。

 

[⑩] QUYINGJIEZHUBIAN: 《YANHUANGHUIDIAN》(JISIJUAN),JILINWENSHICHUBANSHE,2002,DI416YE。

 

AG娱乐网[11] QUYINGJIEZHUBIAN: 《YANHUANGHUIDIAN》(JISIJUAN),JILINWENSHICHUBANSHE,2002,DI413-414YE。

 

AG娱乐网[12] WENLIMING: 《KANGRIZHANZHENGSHIQIDEZHONGGUODISANZHONGZHENGZHILILIANG》,《KANGRIZHANZHENGYANJIU》1998NIANDI2QI。

 

[13] ZHANGGUODAO: 《AGYULEWANGDEHUIYI》DISANCE,DONGFANGCHUBANSHE,1998,DI432YE。

 

[14] MAZHENDUXUANBIAN: 《JIANGJIESHIZHILIAOZHONGKAIHANYIJIAN》,《MINGUODANGAN》1993NIANDI1QI。

 

[15] CANJIANDENGPEI: 《YANANGONGJICHENGJISIHANDEHUODONG》,《WENSHIJINGHUA》2001NIANDI4QI。

 

[16] YIKEZHAOMENGZHIBIANZUANWEIYUANHUIBIAN: 《YIKEZHAOMENGZHI》(DIWUCE),XIANDAICHUBANSHE,1997,DI340YE。

 

[17] BENHUIDIAOCHASHI: 《ZHIJICHENGJISIHANLINGQINZHIGAIKUANG》,《MENGZANGYUEBAO》1936NIANDI6QI。

 

[18] BENHUIDIAOCHASHI: 《ZHIJICHENGJISIHANLINGQINZHIGAIKUANG》,《MENGZANGYUEBAO》1936NIANDI6QI。

 

[19]《CHENGJISIHANLINGQINFENGANNANXIA》,《XIANGGANGSHANGBAO》1939NIANDI50QI。AN: YINWENZHONGDE╳XIYUANWEN,YIWEI“RI”ZIHUO“WO”ZIDETIDAIFUHAO。

 

AG娱乐网[20] LISHENGLUN: 《CHENGLINGXIYIJI》,《MINYIZHOUKAN》1939NIANDI84QI。

 

AG娱乐网[21]《CHENGLINGFENGYIJINGGUO》,《SHIDAIJINGSHEN》1941NIANDI6QI。

 

AG娱乐网[22] QIUSHENG: 《CONGCHENGJISIHANLINGQINNEIYISHUOQI》,《XIANDAIZHONGGUO》1939NIANDI12QI。

 

[23] ZHONGYANGDANGANGUANBIAN: 《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENJIANXUANJI(YIJIUSANSI——YIJIUSANWUNIAN)》DI10CE,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGDANGXIAOCHUBANSHE,1991,DI801YE。

 

[24]《MAOZEDONGDENGGUANYUJIANLIDAQINGSHANYOUJIGENJUDIJIDANGDEZHENGCEJIZHOUSHIDIDENGDEDIANBAO》,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI、ZHONGYANGDANGANGUANBIAN: 《JIANDANGYILAIZHONGYAOWENXIANXUANBIAN(YIJIUERYI——YIJIUSIJIU)》DI15CE,ZHONGYANGWENXIANCHUBANSHE,2011,DI790YE。

 

AG娱乐网[25] ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEYUANJINDAISHIYANJIUSUO《JINDAISHIZILIAO》BIANYISHIZHUBIAN《SHANGANNINGBIANQUCANYIHUIWENXIANHUIJI》,ZHISHICHANQUANCHUBANSHE,2013,DI110—111YE。

 

AG娱乐网[26] YUNCHENGLIE: 《ZAIYANANDEJIANKUSUIYUE》,NEIMENGGUZIZHIQUZHENGXIEWENSHIZILIAOWEIYUANHUI、NEIMENGGUYANANDAXUEJIYANANMINZUXUEYUANXIAOYOUHUI、NEIMENGGUYANANJINGSHENYANJIUHUIHEBIAN: 《YANSHUIQINGSHEN》(《NEIMENGGUWENSHIZILIAO》DI54JI),NEIMENGGUZHENGXIEWENSHISHUDIAN2001NIAN6YUEFAXING,DI247YE。

 

AG娱乐网[27]《JIHUANGLING》,《XINHUASHEDIANXUNGAO》1948NIANDI4QI。

 

[28]《JIHUANGLING》,《XINHUASHEDIANXUNGAO》1948NIANDI4QI。

 

[29] AN: 1935NIANGUOMINDANGYUNANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUJISIHUANGLINGDECHENGSHIWEI: YI、QUANTISULI;ER、ZHUJIZHEJIUWEI;SAN、YUJIZHEJIUWEI;SI、SHANGXIANG;WU、XIANJUE;LIU、XIANHUA;QI、GONGDUJIWEN;BA、XINGSANJUGONGLI;JIU、JINGMOSANFENZHONG;SHI、LICHENG。JIANQUYINGJIEZHUBIAN: 《YANHUANGHUIDIAN》(JISIJUAN),JILINWENSHICHUBANSHE,2002,DI406YE。

 

[30] JIWENYUN: “ZHONGHUAMINGUOSANSHIQINIANQINGMINGJIERI,SHANGANNINGBIANQUZHENGFUFUZHUXILIUJINGFAN、XIBEIRENMINJIEFANGJUNFUSILINGYUANZHAOSHOUSHAN、ZHENGZHIBUZHURENGANSIQIDENG,JINDAIBIAOBIANQUGEJIETONGBAOJIXIBEIRENMINJIEFANGJUNQUANTIJIANGSHI,YIXIANGHUAJIULIZHIYI,ZHIJIYUAGYULEWANGXUANYUANHUANGDIZHILINGQIANYUE: WEIDADEXUANYUANHUANGDI,NISHIAGYULEWANGMINZUDESHIZU,NISHIAGYULEWANGLAODONGZHEDEXIANREN,LISHIDECHUANGZAOZHE。CONGNINEIYISHIDAIQI,AGYULEWANGWEIDADEZHONGHUAMINZU,JILAODONGSHENGXIFANYANYUZHEIFUYUANGUANGDADEZHONGGUOLINGYU,BINGYIZIJIDELAODONG、TUANJIEHENULI,BUDUANZHANSHENGHEIAN,ZHENGQUGUANGMING。ZAIAGYULEWANGZUGUODETUDISHANGKAIPILEJINXIUDEHESHAN,CHUANGZAOLEGUANGHUIDELISHI。LIDAIFANZHUANZHIFANBAOJUNDEYINGYONGDOUZHENG,JINBAINIANLAIFANDIFANFENGJIANDEMINZUMINZHUYUNDONG,CHONGFENBIAOXIANLEAGYULEWANGZHONGHUAMINZUDEWEIDAJINGSHEN。QIMINGUOSHINIAN,ZHONGGUOLAODONGRENMINDEXIANFENGDUI——ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGCHUSHIHOU,AGYULEWANGMINZUQIANTUGENGDAFANGGUANGMING。NIANYUNIANLAI,AGYULEWANGZHONGGUORENMINDAZHONG,ZAIWEIZUGUODULI,WEIRENMINMINZHUDEWEIDAGEMINGZHANZHENGZHONG,YIHUODELEKONGQIANJUDADECHENGJIU。ZAIYEMANDERIBENFAXISIBEIDADAOYIHOU,AGYULEWANGGUORENMINDAZHONGDERENWU,SHIYAOJIANLIYIGEDULI、HEPING、MINZHU、TONGYIHEFUQIANGDEXINZHONGGUO。BUXINGYIJIANGJIESHIWEISHOUDEAGYULEWANGGUOFANDONGPAI,WEIYAOWEICHIQIHUOGUOYANGMINDETONGZHI,BUXICHONGDANGMEIDIGUOZHUYIZOUGOU,QIANDINGSANGQUANRUGUODEZHONGZHONGTIAOYUE,JIANGAGYULEWANGGUOZHUQUANCHUMAIJIMEIGUO,FADONGNEIZHAN,CANSHARENMIN。MANGMANGSHENZHOU,BIANDIXINGSHAN,YOUXIUERNV,RENRENLINGRU。RENMINGONGDIJIANGJIESHICIZHONGQIEGUOMAIGUODETAOTIANZUIXING,JIAOMAIGUOZEIYUANSHIKAI、WANGJINGWEIZHILIU,SHIYOUGUOZHIWUBUJI。AGYULEWANGZHONGHUAMINZULAODONGRENMIN,YIZAIWEIDAZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGLINGDAOXIA,GANGTIEBANDETUANJIEQILAI,WEIAGYULEWANGZUGUODULI、RENMINJIEFANGSHIYEZUZHIYINGYONGFENDOU。XIANZAIKEYIGAOWEIYUNIDE,AGYULEWANGGUORENMINFENLIYIQIUDEXINMINZHUZHUYISHEHUI,YIZAIYONGYOUYIWANWANLIUQIANWANRENMINDEGUANGDAZUGUOTUDISHANGJIANLIQILAILE,RENMINDELILIANGSHIKONGQIANQIANGDALE。MINGUOSANSHILIUNIAN,RENMINJIEFANGJUNYIZAIAGYULEWANGZUGUODETUDISHANG,NIUZHUANLEMEIDIGUOZHUYIJIJIANGJIESHIFEIBANGDEFANGEMINGCHELUN,SHIZHIZOUXIANGFUMIEDEDAOLU,TUIJINLEZIJIDEGEMINGCHELUN,SHIZHIZOUXIANGSHENGLIDEDAOLU。BENNIANCHUNJI,RENMINJIEFANGJUNZUZHISHENGLIDEJINGONG,XIANSHIZHEQUANGUORENMINDEJIEFANGYIWEIQIBUYUAN。YOUQIZHIDEQINGXINGDE,JIUSHIAGYULEWANGXIBEIRENMIN,XIANYISHENGLIDEGUANGFULEAGYULEWANGMINZUSHIZULINGQINSUOZAIDI——HUANGLINGXIAN(ZHONGBUXIAN)。ZHEISHIQUANMINZUJIEFANGDEXIANGZHAO,XINZHONGGUODANSHENGDERUIZHENG。BUGUANMEIDIGUOZHUYIRUHEJIELIZHIYUAN,BUGUANJIANGJIESHIFEIBANGRUHEPINMINGZHENGZHA,AGYULEWANGSIWANWANWUQIANWANYOUXIUDEHUANGDIZISUN,DINGNENGTUANJIEYIZHIDEZAIQIXIANFENGDUI——ZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGDEJIANQIANGLINGDAOXIA,BAGEMINGZHANZHENGJINXINGDAODI,JIANJUE、GANJING、CHEDI、QUANBUXIAOMIEMEIDIGUOZHUYIZHICHIXIADEJIANGJIESHIFEIBANG,ZAORISHIXIANQUANGUOSHENGLI。ZHONGHUAMINZUJIEFANGWANSUI!XUANYUANHUANGDIWANGUQIANQIU!SHANGXIANG。”JIAN《JIHUANGLINGWEN》,《XINHUASHEDIANXUNGAO》1948NIANDI4QI。

 

AG娱乐网[31] MAERKEWEIQI、TAKEDENGZHU,LIZONGYUZHUBIAN: 《GUOWAIXUEZHELUNSIDALINMOSHI》(SHANG),ZHONGYANGBIANYICHUBANSHE,1995,DI212YE。

 

[32] ZHANGZHIQIANG、ZHUZHU: 《YANSHUITANGTANGDIAOYINGJIE——YIYANANGONGJICHENGJISIHANDEHUODONG》,《LIAOWANG》1984NIANDI22QI。

 

[33] ZHANGZHIQIANG、ZHUZHU: 《YANSHUITANGTANGDIAOYINGJIE——YIYANANGONGJICHENGJISIHANDEHUODONG》,《LIAOWANG》1984NIANDI22QI。

 

[34]《YANANGEJIEJUXINGCHENGJISIHANGONGJIDADIAN WUYUZHANG、NEISUDILEGAIQINLINZHUJI》,《JIEFANGRIBAO》1942NIAN5YUE6RI。

 

[35]《YANANGEJIEJUXINGCHENGJISIHANGONGJIDADIAN WUYUZHANG、NEISUDILEGAIQINLINZHUJI》,《JIEFANGRIBAO》1942NIAN5YUE6RI。

 

[36]《BENSHIMENGBAOJIGEJIEDAIBIAOJINIANCHENGJISIHAN》,《JIEFANGRIBAO》1944NIAN4YUE14RI。

 

[37]《BENSHIMENGBAOJIGEJIEDAIBIAOJINIANCHENGJISIHAN》,《JIEFANGRIBAO》1944NIAN4YUE14RI。

 

[38] MAOZEDONG: 《TONGYINGGUOJIZHESITANYINDETANHUA》,ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGWENXIANYANJIUSHI《MAOZEDONGWENJI》DI3JUAN,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1996,DI191YE。

 

[39] HEZHENGHUANG: 《YECHENGLING》,《LVXINGZAZHI》1944NIANDI7QI。

 

[40] QUYINGJIEZHUBIAN: 《YANHUANGHUIDIAN》(JISIJUAN),JILINWENSHICHUBANSHE,2002,DI 424 YE。

 

[41] TAOZAIMEI: 《MINZUSHENGDIDECHUANGJIAN(XUQIANXIQIAOXIANSHENGZHU〈HUANGLINGHEBOSHU〉)》,《SHUGUANG》1948NIANDI7QI。

 

AG娱乐网[42] TAOZAIMEI: 《MINZUSHENGDIDECHUANGJIAN(XUQIANXIQIAOXIANSHENGZHU〈HUANGLINGHEBOSHU〉)》,《SHUGUANG》1948NIANDI7QI。

 

AG娱乐网[43]《JIANGFEIPOHUAIHUANGLINGZUIXING》,《XINHUASHEDIANXUNGAO》1948NIANNIANDI4QI。

 

[44] QUYINGJIEZHUBIAN: 《YANHUANGHUIDIAN》(JISIJUAN),JILINWENSHICHUBANSHE,2002,DI438YE。

 

[45]《QINGMINGJIELONGZHONGJIYEHUANGLING》,《QUNZHONGRIBAO》1949NIAN4YUE9RI。

 

AG娱乐网[46] ZHANGZHAORONG: 《YAOJIHUANGDILING》,《SHENBAO》1948 NIAN4YUE6RI。

 

[47]《JIHUANGLINGWEN》,《XINHUASHEDIANXUNGAO》1948NIANDI4QI。

 

[48] TIANHAILIN、LIJUNLING: 《YISHIZHENGZHI: GUOMINDANGYUNANJINGGUOMINZHENGFUDUISUNZHONGSHANDEJISIDIANLI》,《SHIXUEYUEKAN》2007NIANDI4QI。

 

AG娱乐网[49]《XINMINZHUZHUYILUN》,《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》BIANJIBU《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DI2JUAN,RENMINCHUBANSHE,1991,DI708YE。



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