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台港澳史 【字体:

AG娱乐网CHENZHANGWEI: TAIWANYUYUEZHAN——YICHANGCHONGMANBEILUNDELISHIZAOYU

作者: 文章来源:AG娱乐网

【ZHAIYAO】1960NIANDAIZHONGQI,TAIWANGUOMINDANGSHIYUEZHANSHENGJIWEIYOUSHUOMEIGUOZHICHIQI“FANGONGDALU”JIHUADELIANGHAOSHIJI,TONGGUOGEZHONGQUDAOXIANGMEIGUOGUANSHUYUEZHANSHIYICHANG“DAILIREN”ZHANZHENGDELINIAN,QIANGDIAOZHIYOUDUIZHONGGUODALUFADONGJINGONGCAINENGCONGYUANTOUSHUHUANYUEZHANKUNJU,XIANGMEIGUOTICHU“JUGUANGWUHAO”DENGDUIDALUDEJUNSHIJINGONGJIHUA,XIWANGZAIHUANANKAIPIDIERZHANCHANG。YUEHANXUNZHENGFUQUELITUBIMIANLINGYICHANG“HANZHAN”,LVCIJUJUEGUOMINDANGCHUBINGNANYUEDEYAOQIU。SUIZHEYUEZHANSHENGJI,MEIGUOGUONEIDUIHUAYULUNFASHENGZHUANBIAN,CHUXIAN“EZHIERBUGULI”DENGGUANDIAN,GUANFANGYEZHANSHICHUDUIBEIJINGHUANHEDEZITAI。TAIWANDANGJUQIANFANGBAIJIJIAYIZUZHI,TA“BANGDING”MEIGUODEZHUYAOFANGSHISHIZAIBUZHIJIECHUBINGDEQINGKUANGXIA,DUIMEIGUOZAIYUEXINGDONGJIYUZHICHI,YIQIZUZHIMEIGUODUIHUAZHENGCEDEKENENGZHUANBIAN。BENKEJIGUOMINDANG“FANGONGDALU”DAILAIYISISHUGUANGDEYUEZHAN,QUECUCHENGLEMEIGUODUIHUAZHENGCEDEXINDONGXIANG。WEIEZHIZHEIZHONGZHUANBIAN,TAIWANDANGJUYOUBUDEBUXIEZHUMEIGUOZAIYUENANDEXINGDONG。ZHEIBUNENGBUSHUOSHILISHIDEBEILUN。

 

【GUANJIANCI】ZHONGMEIGUANXI MEITAI YUEZHAN

 

AG娱乐网20SHIJI60NIANDAIZHONGQI,YUEZHANBAIREHUAZHIHOU,MEIGUOJIHUDONGYONGLECHUYUANZIDANZHIWAIDESUOYOUJUNSHIZIYUANLAIYINGDUIJUSHI,BINGQINGQIUQIMENGYOUJIARU。CHULEYINGGUOHEXIDE,XIFANGZHENYINGNEIXUDUOGUOJIADOUZAIBUTONGCHENGDUSHANGYIBUTONGDEFANGSHIJUANRUZHEICHANGZHANZHENG。ZUOWEIMEIGUOZAIYUANDONGDEZHUYAOMENGYOU,TAIWANDANGJUZAIYUEZHANZHONGDAODIQILESHENMEYANGDEZUOYONG?SUIRANDALUMEIYOUCHUBINGYUENAN,DANZAIZHENGGEYUEZHANQIJIAN,DALUSHIZHONGSHIMEIGUOJIAXIANGDEMUHOUDIREN。DUIYUZHONGGONGGEHAIDUIZHIDEGUOMINDANGZHENGQUANERYAN,ZAIZHEICHANGZHANZHENGZHONGDEDINGWEIHEXUANZEYOUZHECHAOYUEQIZUOWEIMEIGUOMENGYOUDETESHUYIYI。MEIGUOSHENXIANYUEZHANDUIGUOMINDANGYIWEIZHESHENME?

 

BENWENZONGHELIYONGLAIZIMEIGUO、YINGGUOHETAIWANDENGDIDEJIEMIDANGAN、KOUSHUSHIHEHUIYILUDENGZILIAO,JIESHI1960NIANDAIYUEZHANSHENGJIZHIJI,MEIGUOHETAIWANWEIRAOZHEYUENANZHANZHENGDEWAIJIAOHUDONG。BENWENJIANGMEITAIGUANXIDEZHEIYILISHIPIANDUAN,FANGZHIZAIZHONGMEIGUANXIZHUANXINGQIANXIMEIGUODUIHUAYULUNYANBIANDEBEIJINGXIAJIAYIKAOCHA,TANTAOYUEZHANDUI20SHIJI60NIANDAIMEITAIGUANXIDEYINGXIANG。

 

一、东南受挫、取道越南

 

RUZHONGDUOLUNZHESUOSHU,DUITAIWANDANGJUERYAN,YUENANZHANZHENGSHOUXIANSHIYICISHIXIAN“FANGONGDALU”DELIANGHAOSHIJI。KENNIDI(John F.Kennedy)SHIQI,TAIWANDANGJUDUOCIXIANGHUASHENGDUNTICHUGEZHONGGUDONGXINGDEJIANYI,YAOQIUXIANGDALUKAIZHANZHIJIEJUNSHIXINGDONG,DANMEIGUOJINRONGRENQIZAIYIDINGXIANDUNEIDUIDALUJINXINGXIAOGUIMODEZHENCHAXIRAO,BUYUNXUTAFADONGDAGUIMOJUNSHIJINGONG。YOUYUDALUJUNMINYANZHENYIDAI,20SHIJI60NIANDAICHUQI,GUOMINDANGDUIDALUDEXIRAOHUODONGLVZAOCUOBAI,DAOLE1960NIANDAIZHONGQIYIHOUQIGUIMOZHUJIANJIANXIAO。①SUIRANRUCI,JIANGJIESHISHIZHONGWEIFANGQIFANGONGDALUDEJIHUA。TAPIANANDONGNAN,JIANCHI“FANGONGDALU”BUJINSHIQIDONGSHANZAIQIDEMENGXIANG,GENGSHIQIWEIHUZAITAIWANTONGZHIHEFAXINGDEJISHI。JIANGJIESHI“ZHISIBUYUQIZHI”DEXINGGEYIJUEDINGLETABUHUIGANYUCHENGRENSHIBAI。YOUYUDUIMEIGUOTAIDUDEXINZHIDUMING,YIFANGMIAN,TAIWANDANGJUDENGDAIJIHUIJIXUYOUSHUOMEIGUO;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZEANDILIJINLUOMIGUDICHOUHUAXINDEFANGONGJIHUA,SHENZHIYUNNIANGGUOPIEKAIMEIGUODANGANDE“GUOGUANGJIHUA”。②YOUYUNABUCHUKEXINGDEFANGAN,ZAIJIASHANGMEIGUOZHUTAIJIGOUDUIGUOMINDANGYIJUYIDONGDEYANMIJIANKONG,TAIWANDANGJUZHAOBUDAO“HESHIDESHIJI”DANDUQISHI,ZHIHAOJIANGFANGONGDERICHENGBIAOYITIANYITIANDIWANGHOUTUI。③

 

RANER,1963NIANDI1964NIANCHUTAIWANDANGJUJINGLIDEYIXILIE“WAIJIAO”CUOZHEHENKUAISHIQIWUFAANYUXIANZHUANG。1963NIAN8YUEYILAI,RITAIGUANXIYIN“ZHOUHONGQINGSHIJIAN”HEZHONGRIMAOYIDEFAZHANERWEIJIZHONGZHONG。1964NIAN1YUE,ZHONGFAJIANJIAO,TAIWANBEIPOYUFAGUODUANJUE“WAIJIAOGUANXI”,MEITAIKUXINJINGYINGLESHIYUNIANDEWEIDUZHONGGONGZHENGQUANDEDIBAZAIXIFANGDIYICIBEISILIECHUYIDAOJUKOU。TONGSHI,ZHONGGONGZAIGUOJIWUTAISHANGRIQUHUOYUE。ZHEIYILIANCHUANWAIJIAOCUOZHEDUITAIWANSHIQIMINXINZAOCHENGQIANGLIEDECHONGJI,ZUIZHIJIEDEBIAOXIANJIUSHI1964NIAN1YUEDE“HUKOUBINGBIAN”。ZHUSHIZHEZHUANGJIABINGFUSILINGZHAOZHIHUASHAOJIANGBUMANGUOMINDANGRUOGANJIANGLINGDEFUBAIJIZHENGFUBUSI“FANGONGDALU”,QIERENWEIGUOJIJUSHIRIYIDUITAIWANBULI,TAIWANYOUXIANYUGULIZHIKENENG。YINERHAOZHAOSHUXIAWANGTAIBEISHIQUJINFA,GENTAQINGCHUJIANGJIESHISHENBIANDE“HUAIREN”,YI“BAOHUJIANGZONGTONG”。④

 

SUIRANZHAOZHIHUAXUNSUBEIJIAOXIE,“HUKOUBINGBIAN”WEINIANGCHENGGENGDADESHIGU,DANWAIJIAOSHOUCUOHEJUNXINDONGDANGJIJIANGJIESHIZAOCHENGJIDADEXINLIZHENDONG,ZHONGTI“FANGONG”JIANGBUJINSHIWEILE“GUANGFUDALU”,GENGSHIWEILEWENDINGTAIWANDESHIQIHEMINXIN,WEIHUGUOMINDANGZAITAITONGZHIDEHEFAXING。GENJUSITANFUDAXUESUOSHOUZANGDE《JIANGJIESHIRIJI》,ZHONGFAJIANJIAOQIANHOUJIANGYIZHIZAIKAOLVRUHEZAIWAIJIAOSHANGBIANBEIDONGWEIZHUDONG。JIANYUXIANQIANMEIGUODUIGUOMINDANGFANGONGDALUDETAIDU,ZHONGFAJIANJIAOJILEJIANGJIESHIZAICIXIANGMEIGUOJINYANDEJIHUI。TAPANSUANRUHEYONGZHONGFAJIANJIAOQIANHOUTAIWANSUOMIANLINDEYIXILIENEIWAIWEIJI,JIEHENANYUERIYIEHUADEJUSHI,SHUOFUMEIGUOZAIYAZHOUCAIQUGENGJIJIDEFANGONGZHENGCE。TAZAI1964NIAN1YUE29RIDERIJIZHONGTOULULEZHEIXIEXIANGFA: “HUXIANGMEIGUODUIAGYULEWANGFANGONGXINGDONGWUCONGTANQI,YIMEIZHIZHISUNRENLIJI,JUEBUWEITARENLIHAIYOUSUOJIJIHUODONGXINYE。JINSHIYUQILIHAIZUIGUANQIEZHESHIYUENANWENTI,DANGBIJINTUIWEIGUZHIJI,TICHUZHONGMEIYUEHANSIGUOFANGONGTONGMENGHUOZHONGYUE、ZHONGHANGEBIELIANMENG,BIHUOYOUKAOLVZHIKENENGHU?”ZHONGFAJIANJIAOHOU,“BUJINDONGNANYA”,ERQIE“AGYULEWANGZIYOUZHONGGUOYURIHANJIEYOUHENKUAICHIHUAZHIKENENG”,YINCI,XUXIANGMEIGUO“TICHUJINGGAO”。⑤WEIEZHI“ZHONGHUAMINGUO”GUOJIDIWEIDEDASHAJIANGQINGZHISHI,TAIWANDANGJUYU1964NIANCHUXIANGMEIGUOTICHUBIXUCAIQUCUOSHIYIGONGGUQIZAIDONGNANYADEDIWEI。

 

JIANGJIESHISIKAODEDIYIGEFANGANSHIZAIYAZHOUJIANLIXINDEFANGONGLIANMENG。1964NIAN2YUEXIAXUN,TAIWANDANGJUXIANGHUASHENGDUNTICHURUXIAJIANYI: DIYI,YOUMEIGUOQIANTOUZUJIANMEIGUO、NANHAN、NANYUEHETAIWANDE“SIGUO”TONGMENG,GEGECHENGYUANGUODEJUNSHILILIANGKEYIYOUMENGGUOZHIPEI;QICI,RUGUOMEIGUOBUZANCHENG“SIGUOTONGMENG”,KEYOUHANGUO、NANYUEHETAIWANSANFANGDIJIEMENGYUE,MEIGUOYUNNUOJIYUHAI、KONGLILIANGDEZHICHI;DISAN,QINGQIUMEIGUOZHICHIGUOMINDANGHEDONGNANYAGUOJIAFAZHANSHUANGBIANGUANXI,RUZHICHIGUOMINDANGHENANYUE、HANGUOZHENGFUFENBIEQIANDINGJUNSHIHUZHUTIAOYUE。MEIGUOMINGBAIJIANGJIESHICIJUMINGYISHANGWEIJIAQIANGQIYUANDONGGUOJIDIWEIHEZHICHIMEIGUOZAIYUENANDEXINGDONG,SHIJISHANGQUESHIXIANGWEIKAIPI“FANGONGDADAO”XIUQIAOPULU,GUYUYIDUANRANJUJUE。⑥

 

CIJUWEICHENG,TAIWANDANGJUYU1964NIAN3YUEZHIJIEXIANGMEIGUOTICHUDUIHAINANDAOCAIQUJUNSHIXINGDONGDEJIHUA,WEITANGRUOMEIGUODUIBEIYUECAIQUDAGUIMOJUNSHIXINGDONG,ZHONGGONGZAIHAINANDELILIANGJIANGDUIMEIGOUCHENGZHONGDAWEIXIE,YINCIBIXUXIANXIASHOUWEIQIANG,BINGYAOQIUMEIGUOJIYUHAI、KONGJUNHEHOUQINZHICHI。DANSHI,DANGGUOMINDANGJIANGXINGDONGJIHUATIJIAOJIMEITAIJUNSHIXIESHANGJIGOU“LANSHI”WEIYUANHUISHI,⑦MEIGUOZHUTAI“DASHI”、TUIXIUHAIJUNSHANGJIANGJIELUOERDE·LAITE(Admiral Jerauld Wright)YUYIYIKOUHUIJUE。TASHUO“LANSHI”WEIYUANHUIDEZHIZEJINXIANYUYANJIUYIDANZHONGGUODALUFASHENGMINZHONGQIYI,TAIWANSHISHILIANGQIZUOZHANDEKENENGXING。RUGUOTAIWANDANGJUXIANGJIEZHUMEIGUODEJUNSHILILIANGYONGYUFANGYUTAIWANZHIWAIDEQITAMUDE,“LANSHI”WEIYUANHUIWUQUANZUORENHEPINGLUN。⑧

 

AG娱乐网JIRANMEIGUOZHUTAI“SHIGUAN”BUYUANYITIGUOMINDANGCHUANDAQIFANGONGDEYAOQIU,JIANGJIESHIZHIHAODENGDAIGENGHESHIDESHIJIXIANGMEIGUOGUOWUYUANZHICHENQIYI。YUCITONGSHI,TAIWANDANGJUZAIMEIYOUZHIHUIMEIGUODEQINGKUANGXIA,KAISHIHENANYUEZHENGQUANZHANKAIMISHANG。1964NIAN3YUE23—27RI,NANYUEGUOFANGBUZHANGCHENSHANQIAN(Tran Thien Khiem)DUITAIWANJINXINGWEIQISITIANDEMIMIFANGWEN。YINGMEIZHUTAIJIGOUHUOZHIXIAOXIHOUFENFENCAICE,CHENSHANQIANFANGTAIDEZHUYAOMUDESHIHETAIWANDANGJUSHANGTAOLIANHEJINXINGYOUJIZHANDEWENTI。SHUANGFANGHENKENENGQIANDINGMIMIXIEDING,YIYUNXUNANYUESHIYONGTAIWANDANGJUZAILEIZHOUBANDAOHEZHONGYUEBIANJIEZHIJIANDEYOUJIJUDIAN。TONGSHI,ZHUZHAZAIMIANTAIBIANJIEDETAIWANDANGJU“FEIZHENGGUIJUN”JIANGXIANGBEIYUEJINGNEISHENTOUYIJIANLIYOUJIGENJUDI。ZHEIXIEGENJUDIJIANGHETAIWANDANGJUZAIGUANGDONGDEYOUJIJUDIANLIANJIEQILAI,GONGTONGNANXIADUIFUYUEGONG。⑨BUGUO,ZHEIXIEJIHUANENGFOUDEYISHIXIAN,GUANJIANHAIDEKANMEIGUOSHIFOUYUANYIKAILVDENG。

 

4YUE16RI,MEIGUOGUOWUQINGDIAN·LASIKE(Dean Rusk)DITAIFANGWEN。JIANGJIESHISHITUJIEJISHUOFULASIKEGAIBIANMEIGUODUITAIWANFANGONGDALUDETAIDU。TAXIANGLASIKEZHICHU: ZHONGGONGXIANZAIMIANLINZHEYANZHONGDEJINGJIKUNNANHESHEHUIDONGDANG,BUDUIJUNXINDONGYAO,HUANANDIQUMINYUANFEITENG。TAYAOQIUMEIGUOZHUAZHUSHIJIZHICHIQIDUIDALUFADONGDAGUIMODEFANGONGYUNDONG。TATICHUTAIWANDANGJUNIXIANGZHONGGUODALUDEYUNNAN、GUANGXIHEGUANGDONGDIQU,KONGTOU10GEYINGGONG5000RENDAO10000RENDELILIANGYIJIQIDANGDIDEFANGONGGEMINGYUNDONG,BINGQIEDUANZHONGGONGTONGWANGYUENAN、LAOWOHEMIANDIANDEYUNSHUXIAN。ZHIHOUBIANKECHENGSHENGZHANLINGYANHAISHENGFENNAIZHIZHENGGEZHANGJIANGYINANDIQU。⑩LASIKESHENGPAMEIGUOBEITAIWANDANGJUTUORUYUZHONGGONGDEZHANZHENG,MASHANGBIAOSHIYIYISHUO,CHUFEIMEIGUOJUNSHILILIANGZHIJIEDAGUIMOJIERU,SHENZHIDONGYONGHEWUQI,BURANGUOMINDANGJUNDUIBUKENENGZAIDALUZHANZHUJIAOGEN。LASIKEHAIDANXINTAIWANDUIDALUDEXINGDONGJIANGSHIZHONGSUWOSHOUYANHE。TASHUORUGUOTAIWANJINGONGDALU,“HELUXIAOFUHENKENENGZHONGXINDAOXIANGMAOZEDONG,ZHENGGEBEIBANQIUJIANGYINCIXIANRUZHANZHENGDEHUOHAI”。(11)SHUANGFANGHUABUTOUJI,BUHUANERSAN。

 

LASIKESUOYANBINGFEIKONGXUELAIFENG。SUIRANZI1960NIANDAICHUYILAI,ZHONGSUFENQIYIYOUYISHIXINGTAIZHIZHENGZHUJIANKUOZHANDAOGUOJIALIYIDEDUILI,DANHUASHENGDUNQUEYIZHIDANXINGUOGONGCHONGTUJIANGKENENGCUSHIZHONGSUZHIJIANZHUJIANKUODADELIEHENZOUXIANGZHONGXINMIHE。1963NIAN11YUE15RI,GUOWUYUANYUANDONGSIZHIDINGDE《MEIGUODUIHUAZHENGCEGANGYAO》RENWEI: SUIRANZHONGGUOYUSULIANTONGMENGGUANXIYINSHUANGFANGDEFENQIYUZHENGLUNYIDAWEIRUOHUA,RANER,DUISULIANERYAN,ZHONGGUODALUYOUSHEIKONGZHI,YIJICAIQUZENYANGDEZHENGCEQUEYIRANZUOYOUZHESULIANJITUANZAIQUANQIULENGZHANGEJUDEZHANLVETAISHI。YINCI,“ZHONGGUODENEIZHANXINGSHI,SUIRANYANXIARULIMINGBANDEJIJING,DANQUEQIANFUZHEYINFAAGYULEWANGTONGZHONGGONGJISULIANZHIJIEJUNSHICHONGTUDEWEIXIAN”。(12)YINCI,ZHIYAOMEIGUOJIXUJIANGFENHUAHELIJIANZHONGSUGUANXIZUOWEIQIDUIHUAZHENGCEDEGENBENMUBIAOZHIYI,HUASHENGDUNJUEBUHUIYUNXUJIANGJIESHICHONGDANGJIAOJUZHE。

 

AG娱乐网1964NIANXIABANNIAN,SUIZHEMEIGUOZAIYUENANJUNSHIGANSHEDESHENGJI,HUASHENGDUNDUITAIWANDANGJUZAIDONGNANYADEDONGTAIYUJIAJINGTI。MEIGUOZHUTAI“DASHI”LAITEZHUYIDAO,1964NIANYILAITAIWANDANGJUFANGONGZHENGCEYOULEXIANZHUDEBIANHUA: 1962NIANMOHE1963NIANCHUNEIYANGDAGUIMODEJUNSHIZHUNBEIXINGDONGSIHUYIJINGYANQIXIGU,“GUOMINDANGDEZHUYILICONGHENGDUHAIXIADELIANGQIJUNSHIXINGDONGZHUANXIANGDONGNANYA,YOUQISHILAOWOHEYUENAN”。(13)GUORAN,1964NIAN8YUE“BEIBUWANSHIJIAN”HOU,ZAIDONGNANYADEGUOMINDANGCANJUNXIANDEZAODONGBUAN。(14)8YUE18RI,TAIWANZHU“TUERQIDASHI”SHAOYULINXIANGMEIGUOZHUTUERQIDASHIGUANGONGSHIMADING(CENGRENMEIGUOTAIPINGYANGJUNZONGSILINGBUZHENGZHIGUWEN)FEIZHENGSHIDESHITANTAIWANDANGJURUYUECANZHANDEKENENGXING。ZHIHOU,TAMASHANGJI“ZONGTONGFU”FADIANBAOJIANYI“MUQIANMEIGUOSUIRANBURANGZHONGGUOJUNDUICANJIAYUEZHAN,DANJIESHIZHONGGUOJUNDUIZAILIAOYUETAIBIANJINGZHIHUANANDIDAI,RUNENGPEIHEMEIGUOJUNJIAQIANGYOUJIZUOZHANQIANZHIFEIJUNNANXIA,ZISHUMEIJUNJIXU”。(15)9YUE4RI,MEIGUOGUOWUYUANSHOUDAOQIZHUMIANDIANDASHIGUANDEBAOGAOSHUO: MIANDIANDANGJUDUIZHUZHAZAIMIANTAIBIANJINGDETAIWANDANGJUJUNDUIDEHUODONGBIAOSHIDANYOU。LASIKELIJIZHIDIANLAITE,YAOTAZHUANGAOTAIWANDANGJU,“MEIGUOFANDUIGUOMINDANGCANJUNJINRUZHEIYIDIQU,YIMIANYINQIMEIMIANZHIJIANDEWUHUI”,BINGYAOTAJINGGAOTAIWANDANGJU“LIJIZHONGZHIZAIDONGNANYACAIQUGUOJIDEQINGLVXINGDONG,YIMIANJUSHIGENGJIAFUZAHUA”。(16)10YUE12RI,GUOWUYUANFUZHULIGUOWUQINGMAXIEER·GELIN(Marshall Green)YETONGGUOTAIWAN“ZHUMEIGONGSHI”SHENQIJINGGAOTAIWANBUYAOHELAOWOYOUPAIZHENGYAOJIAOWANGTAIMIQIE。(17)

 

二、“加强游说”与“自主反攻”

 

1964NIAN11YUE,YUEHANXUN(Lyndon B.Johnson)JINGXUANCHENGGONGZHIHOU,HUASHENGDUNKAISHINIDINGGENGJIAJIJIDEDUIYUEZHENGCE。YOUYUZHAOBUDAOGENGHAODEBANFARANGNANYUEZHENGFUDUZICHENGDANZUOZHANRENWU,MEIGUOBUDEBUKUODAZAINANYUEDEJUNSHIGANSHEJIHUA。(18)1965NIAN3YUE,MEIGUOKAISHIDAGUIMOHONGZHABEIYUE,BINGPAISHOUPIDIMIANBUDUI3500RENJINRUNANYUE。7YUEXIAXUN,MEIGUOZAINANYUEDEBINGLIYIJIJUZENGJIADAOJIN10WANREN,CHENGDANZHENANYUEDIMIANZHANZHENGDEZHUYAOZEREN。

 

YOUYUZAIYUENANNIZUSHENXIAN,GUONEIYOUKAISHIXINGQIFANZHANYUNDONG,YUEHANXUNZHENGFUXIWANGHUODEYATAIMENGGUODEZHICHI,YIFENDANMEIGUOZAIYUENANDECHENZHONGFUDAN。1965NIAN4YUEXIAXUN,YUEHANXUNPAIMEIGUOZHUNANYUEDASHIHENGLI·LUOQI(Henry Cabot Lodge)ZOUFANGYATAIDIQU,JIUYUENANXINGSHIHEGEGUOZHENGFUSHOUNAOJIAOHUANYIJIANBINGYAOQIUGEFANGJIYUBIYAODEXIEZHU。TAIWANDANGJUSHILUOQILAIFANGWEIYOUSHUOMEIGUOZHICHIQICHASHOUYUENANYI“FANGONGDALU”DELIANGHAOJIHUI。JIANGJINGGUOJIEJIYIZAIXIANGLUOQIBIAOSHI,TAIWANYUANYIWEIMEIGUOZAIYUENANDEXINGDONG“JIEJINSUONENG”,DANSHI,LINGTAIWANDANGJUSHIWANGDESHI,LUOQIBINGMEIYOUTICHURANGTAIWANDANGJUJUNSHILILIANGCANYUYUENANXINGDONGDEYAOQIU,QUEZHUANERQINGQIUAODALIYA、XINXILANDENGGUOPAIQIANDIMIANBUDUICANYUYUENANZHANZHENG。(19)TAIWANDANGJUJUEDEDENGMEIGUORENZHUDONGKAIKOUWUWANG,ZEBUDEBUZIAGYULEWANGQINGYING,ZHIJIEXIANGHUASHENGDUNYAOQIUPAIJUNDUIQUYUENANCANZHAN。

 

6YUEDI,ZHONGGUODALUZHUYAOCHENGSHIBAOFAFANMEIYOUXING,YOUXINGZHEDACHU“FANDUIMEIDIGUOZHUYIQINLVE”、“BAMEIGUOQINLVEZHEQUANBU、CHEDI、GANJINGDIXIAOMIEZAIYUENAN”HE“YIDINGYAOJIEFANGTAIWAN”DENGGEMINGKOUHAO。(20)TAIWANDANGJU“WAIJIAOBU”SHITUJIEJIDAZUOWENZHANG,SHANDONGMEIGUOGUONEIDEFANGONGQINGXU、YOUSHUOHUASHENGDUNZHICHITAIJUNFUYUECANZHAN。TAIWANDANGJUJUEDINGYIFANGMIANXIANGMEIGUOZHENGFUTONGBAOZHONGGUODALUDEZHONGZHONGFANMEIQINGKUANG;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZEYOU“ZHUMEIDASHIGUAN”HE“XINGZHENGYUAN”XINWENJUZHUMEIJIGOUCHUMIAN,LIANXIMEIGUOJUYOUYINGXIANGLIDEXINWENMEITI,“YIFABIAOCONGSHU、ZHUANLAN、TOUSHUHUOXUANYANDEFANGSHI”,ZHIZAOHAODADESHENGSHI,BINGYAOQIUMEIGUOZHENGFU“GUANCHEDUIYUENANDEJIAOGONGZHENGCE”,YIYAPOZHENGFUZHICHIGUOMINDANGJUNDUIRUYUEKAIPIDIERZHANCHANG。(21)

 

ZAIKAIZHANDUIMEIYOUSHUODETONGSHI,TAIWANDANGJUYEZHUNBEIXIANGHUASHENGDUNDEZHENGFUGAOCENGZHICHENQIYI。ZAICIZHIQIAN,TAIWANDANGJUDEZHENGCEJIANYIZHUYAOSHITONGGUOMEIGUOZHUTAI“DASHI”LAITECHUANDAJIHUASHENGDUN,JIANGJIESHIZHEICIXIANGLINGPITUJINGZHIDAHUAFUGAOCENG。YUSHI,7YUECHU,JIANGJIESHIYAOQINGMEIGUOZHONGYANGQINGBAOJUFUJUZHANG、QIANZHONGYANGQINGBAOJUTAIBEIZHANZHANZHANGLEI·KELAIEN(Ray S.Cline)LAITAI“KENTAN”,XIWANGNENGLIYONGTAYUKELAIENDESIRENGUANXIXIANGYUEHANXUNZONGTONGZHIJIEZHUANDATAIWANDANGJUDESUQIU。LAITEDUIJIANGJIESHIRAOGUO“ZHUTAISHIGUAN”ZHIDAHUASHENGDUNDEZUOFAPOWEIBUMAN,JIANYIGUOWUYUANZUZHIKELAIENFANGTAI。(22)GUOWUYUANCAICETAIWANDANGJUDAGAIXIANGTONGGUOKELAIENJIXUTICHUMEITAIDUIDALUDE“LIANHEXINGDONG”ZHILEI,JINGGUOQUANHENGJUEDINGYUNXUKELAIENJIESHOUYAOQING,DANGUIDINGKELAIENBIXUDENGDAOLAITELITAIZHIHOUFANGKEDONGSHEN,QIEKELAIENCIXINGDEXINGZHIJINSHILIXINGDEHUITANERBUSHEJIRENHEZHENGCESHANGTAO。(23)

 

LAITEJIANGYU7YUE25RIXIERENMEIGUO“ZHUHUADASHI”YIZHI。LITAIQIANXI,TAHEJIANGJIESHIJINXINGGUOYICIHUITAN。TAGUANCHADAOJIANGJIESHIDUIYUFANGONGDALUDEJIBENMUBIAOMEIYOUSIHAODONGYAO,DANYOUYUWUFAHUODEMEIGUODEZHICHIXIANDESHENWEIJUSANG。LAITETIXINGGUOWUYUANJIANGJIESHIHENGUANZHUYUENANXINGSHI,“BINGHENKENENGJIANGZHISHIWEISHIXIANMUBIAODETUJING”。(24)

 

AG娱乐网LAITELITAIDEDIERRI,JIANGJIESHISHOUDAOYUEHANXUNXIANGQITONGBAOYUENANJUSHIDELAIXIN,TANDAOMEIGUOWUFAZAINANYUEDACHENGHETANXIEYI,ZHIHAOXIANGYUENANZENGJIAJUNSHILILIANG,DANTAZHEZHONGBIAOMING“MEIGUOJIANGJINLIANGKEZHIBURANGZHANHUORANSHAODAOYAZHOUDALU”。YUEHANXUNHAOZHAOZIYOUSHIJIEZENGJIADUIMEIGUOZAIYUENANXINGDONGDEZHICHI,XIWANGTAIWANDANGJUZAIZHEIFANGMIANNENGQIDAOBIAOLVZUOYONG,YIXIANGSHIJIEBIAOMING“ZIYOUSHIJIENEIBUDETUANJIEJIANRUPANSHI”。()7YUE29RI,JIANGJIESHIZAIHUIXINZHONGSHUO“YUANYITIGONGSUOYOUDEKENENGYUANZHUYIZHICHIMEIGUOZAIYUENANDIZHIGONGCHANZHUYIDEWEIXIEHEHANWEIZIYOUDEXINGDONG”,DANTAZAICIBIAOMING,YUENANWENTIZHISUOYICHICHIBUNENGJIEJUESHI“YOUYUZHONGGONGJIANBINGYINDUZHINEIHECHIHUADONGNANYADEYEXINBUSI,RENHEZHENGZHIYUWAIJIAOSHOUDUANDOUBUNENGSHIQIGAIBIANXIEEHEWANGUDEZHENGCE”。JIANGJIESHIRENWEI,“YUENANDONGLUANDEGENYUANBUZAIYUENANGUONEI,ERZAIZHONGGUODALUJIANGYUZHINEI”。(26)

 

JINGGUOJINYIGEYUEDETUOYAN,KELAIEN8YUECHUYISIRENSHENFENFANGTAI。3、4LIANGRI,TAYUJIANGJIESHILIANXUJINXINGLIANGCIZHANGTAN。JIANGJIESHIDUIKELAIENSHUO: “ZHONGGONGHEBEIYUEZHENGLIANHEYAOHEMEIGUODACHIJIUDEMOCAZHAN,RUGUOMEIGUOXUYAODEHUA,GUOMINDANGDASUANXIANGYUENANPAIBING”;TATICHUKEYOUGUOMINDANGJUNDUIZAIHUANANFADONGLIANGQIDENGLU,YIJIEDUANBEIPINGDUIYUENANDEYUANZHUXIAN。WEICI,TANILEYIGEJUNSHIJIHUA,JIANGYOUJIANGJINGGUO9YUEFENFANGMEISHIDAIJIYUEHANXUNZONGTONG。SUIRANKELAIENDUIJIANGSHIFUZISHENBIAOTONGQING,TAFAHUIDEBAOGAOCHENG,JIANGJIESHIZHISUOYIZHONGTIFANGONGDALUDEJIHUASHIYOUYUQIXIANZAIDETONGZHIDIWEISHOUDAOWEIXIE,RUGUOBUDUIZHONGGONGCAIQUXINGDONGDEHUA,TADUITAIWANDEKONGZHIJIANGHUIXUERUO。JIBIANRUCI,DUIJIANGSHIFUZIERYAN,KELAIENSUOQIDEZUOYONGZHIBUGUOWEIQIFAXIEYUMENQINGXUTIGONGLEYIDAO“ANQUANFA”ERYI。(27)KELAIENFANMEIHOU,LIJIZHISHIZHONGYANGQINGBAOJUDUITAIWANDANGJUFANGONGDALUDENENGLIJIJIEGUOJINXINGPINGGU,SUODEJIEGUOYINZHENGLEYINIANQIANLASIKEHEJIANGJIESHIHUITANSHIBIAOSHIDEDANXIN: RUGUOMEIYOUMEIGUODEDAGUIMOZHICHI,WULUNSHIHENGDUHAIXIAHUOSHIKONGJIANGGUANGDONG,HAISHIQUDAOYUNNAN,GUOMINDANGJIEDUANZHONGGUOTONGWANGYUENANDEJUNSHIBUJIXIANDENGFANGONGJIHUADOUBIJIANGZAODAOSHIBAI。(28)

 

ZHENGDANGMEIGUOSIKAOXIAYIBURUHEYINGDUIJIANGJIESHIDESHIHOU,TAIBEIQUEXIANXINGHEXIGONGKAISHILEMIMIWANGLAI。1965NIAN8YUECHU,MEIGUOZHUXIGONGDASHIGUANXIANGGUOWUYUANBAOGAO: NANYUE“ZONGLI”RUANGAOQI(Nguyen Cao Ky)JIANGYU8YUEZHONGXUNFUTAIHUIJIANJIANGJIESHI,JINXINGNANYUEZHENGQUANCHENGLIYILAIDUITAIWANDESHOUCI“GUOSHI”FANGWEN。MEIGUOGUOWUYUANDUICIDEDIYIFANYINGJIXIANGRUANGAOQITICHUNENGFOUQUXIAOGAICIFANGWEN,YINWEIMEIGUODANXINTAIYUESHUANGFANGJIANGJIEJITAOLUNGUOMINDANGCHUBINGYUENANHUOCHOUJIANLIANGGUOJUNSHITONGMENGDESHIYI。RUANGAOQIBIAOSHI,TAIBEIZHIXINGYIJINGANPAILIANGJIU,WUFAQUXIAO,QIETAHEJIANGJIESHIDEHUITANJIANGJINXIANYU“YIBANXINGDEYUANZHU”。GUOWUYUANGAOJIERUANGAOQIBIXUXIANGMEIGUOTONGBAOTADETAIWANZHIXINGDESUOYOUXIANGXIQINGKUANG,BINGZHISHIZHUTAIGUO、RIBENHETAIWANDEJIGOUFENBIEJINGGAOTAI、YUESHUANGFANGDE“YUEGUI”XINGWEIJIANGDUIDONGNANYAJUSHICHANSHENGJIWEIBULIDEYINGXIANG。(29)HUOXUSHIYOUYUTAIYUEXIANQIANJIUMEIYOUYUNNIANGMEIGUOSUODANYOUDEJUNSHIHEZUO,HUOZHESHIYOUYUMEIGUODEJINGGAOSHIDETAMENBUDEBUFANGQIYUANDINGJIHUA,RUANGAOQIYU8YUE15—19RIFANGTAIZHIHOU,SHUANGFANGMEIYOUDACHENGTAIWANDUIYUEJUNSHIYUANZHUYIWAIDEQITAXIEDING。HUASHENGDUNHUAJIELEYICHANGKENENGDEMAFAN。

 

TAIWANDANGJUZHUNBEI“ZIZHUFANGONG”JIHUAZAI1965NIANZHONGQIZHUJIANDADAOGAOCHAO。MIANDUIYUEZHANDESHENGJIHEMEIGUODUIQIXINGDONGDESHUFU,JIANGJIESHIZAIJUNSHIHUIYILIZHISHI,DANDUFANGONGSHIGUOMINDANGDEWEIYICHULU,MEIJUNSUIRANLIANXUHONGZHABEIYUE,DANRENGFOURENJINRUNANHAISHANGKONG,ZHEISHIWEIJUZHONGGONGDEBIAOXIAN。4YUE19RI,TAZAIYANGMINGSHANZHUCHIGUOFANGYANJIUYUANDIQIQIKAIXUEDIANLISHITANDAOYUENANJUSHISHISHUO: “BUGUANYUEJURUHEFAZHAN,YUEZHANZUIYOUKENENGJIXUTUOXIAQU,FANGONGDALUSHIJIYIDANCHUXIAN,AGYULEWANGJIUYAOSUISHIZHUNBEICHUJI。”(30)YUSHI,GUOMINDANGSANJUNKAISHIMIMIJINXINGGEXIANGZUOZHANZHUNBEIHEJIANCHA,“GUOGUANGZUOYESHI”ZEYUYIJIJIPEIHE,DAN“GUOGUANGJIHUA”YINCIJIANDEYIXILIECUOZHEERZAICITUOYAN。6YUE17RI,JIANGJIESHIZAITAILUJUNGUANXIAOZHAOJIJUNFANGJICENGYISHANGGANBU,YIGUANXIAOLISHIJIANTAOHUIWEIMINGYIJINXINGJINGSHENJIANGHUA,YUBEIFADONGFANGONG,SUOYOUGANBUDOUYIYULIYIZHU,JUNFANGTONGSHIXUANZEZUISHIHEFAQIDENGLUZHANDEDRI(D-Day),YIZHOUHOU(6YUE24RI),GUOJUNZAIZUOYINGTAOZIYUANWAIHAISHISHIMONIDENGLUYANXI,DANBUXINGWULIANGLIANGQIDENGLUCHE(LVT)BEILANGDAFAN,SHUSHIRENXUNZHI,CHENGLE“GUOGUANGJIHUA”YANXIZHONGSHANGWANGZUIDADEYICI。DANSHI,DUI“GUOGUANGJIHUA”DAJIZUIDADEHAISHI“BALIUHAIZHAN”。8YUE6RI,GUOMINDANGHAIJUNJIANMEN、ZHANGJIANGLIANGSOUJUNJIANCHUHAIZHIXINGHAIXIAOYIHAORENWU,YUNSONGTEZHANRENYUAN,ZHENCETAIJUNZAIDALUYANHAISHISHIGUOGUANGJIHUASUOXUQINGBAO。LIANGJIANZAIFUJIANDONGSHANDAOFUJINZAODALUYULEITINGFUJICHENMEI,JUNBEIJICHEN,DIERXUNFANGJIANDUISILINGHUJIAHENGSHAOJIANGJI170DUOMINGGUANBINGZHENWANG,JIANMENHAOZHONGXIAOJIANZHANGWANGYUNSHANDENG33RENLUOHAIBEIFU。(31)

 

MEIGUOQINGBAOJIGOUXIANRANMEIYOUJIANG“BALIUHAIZHAN”HEJIANGJIESHIFANGONGDALUDEQITULIANXIZAIYIQI。HAIZHANDEDIERTIAN,ZHONGYANGQINGBAOJURENWEI,GAIHAIZHANZHISHIYIGE“GULIDESHIJIAN”,QIYUANYINSHIGUOMINDANGJUN“WURUZHONGGONGLINGHAI”,ERQIEMEIYOUYINQIZHONGGONGDE“JILIEDEJUNSHIFANYING”。(32)DANDUITAIWANDANGJUERYAN,“BALIUHAIZHAN”ZAIJIASHANG11YUE13RILINGYICHANGHAIZHANSHILICHENGLE“GUOGUANGJIHUA”DEZHONGYAOZHUANZHEDIAN。SHIHOU,GUOMINDANGJUNFANGJIANTAOHAIZHANSHILIDEYUANYIN,DECHUYIGEZHUYAOJIELUNSHIJUNJIANCONGGAOXIONGLIGANGCHUHAI,JIBEIZHONGGONGLEIDACEZHI,HAISHANGDONGJINGJIEWEIQIZHANGWO,ZHONGGONGHAIJUNLILIANGYIJINFEIXIBILE。CANTONGDEHAIZHANJIAOXUN,RANGJIANGJIESHIZHONGYUMINGBAIZAISANGSHIZHIHAIYOUSHIDEQINGKUANGXIA,DUIDALUFADONGDUHAIDENGLUZHANZHIWEIKUNNAN,TADUI“GUOGUANGJIHUA”DEREQINGKAISHIZHUJIANLENGQUE。(32)

 

三、“炬光五号”战略计划的流产

 

AG娱乐网“BALIUHAIZHAN”YESHIJIANGJIESHIRENSHIDAO,MEIYOUMEIGUODEZHICHI,GUOMINDANGDANFANGMIANXIANGQUDEFANGONGDALUDESHENGLISHIBUXIANSHIDE。YINCI,TABUFANGQIRENHEKENENGSHUOFUMEIGUOZHENGFUGAIBIANTAIDUDEJIHUI。

 

JINGGUOKELAIENXIANQIANDEPUDIAN,1965NIAN9YUE22RI,HUASHENGDUNYINGLAILETAIWANXINREN“GUOFANGBUZHANG”JIANGJINGGUODEFANGWEN。JIANGJINGGUOCICIFANGMEIDEZHUYAOMUDESHIYOUSHUOMEIGUOZHICHIGUOMINDANGFANGONGDALU。DIMEIDANGTIAN,TAJIUXIANGMEIGUOGUOFANGBUZHANGLUOBOTE·MAIKENAMALA(Robert S.McNamara)TIJIAOYIFENYINGWENDAIHAOWEI“GT-5”(Great Torch Five,“JUGUANGWUHAO”)DEZUOZHANJIHUA。GENJUGAIJIHUA,GUOMINDANGJUNDUIJIANGZAIZHONGGUOXINANWUSHENGGUANGDONG、GUANGXI、YUNNAN、GUIZHOU、SICHUANDENGLU,KAIPIYUEZHANXINZHANCHANGYIQIEDUANZHONGGUOJINGNEIDEYUANYUEBUJIXIAN,CONGERBANGZHUMEIJUNCHEDIBAITUOZAIYUENANJINTUIWEIGUDEKUNJING。TAXIANGMAIKENAMALAJIESHIDAO: ZHONGGONGZAIXINANWUSHENG“TONGZHIZUIWEIBORUO”,ERQIE“JIANGZONGTONG”ZAIZHEIXIEDIQU“GUANGSHOUAIDAI”,ZHIYAOGUOJUNYIDENGLU,DANGDIRENMINJIANGJIEGANXIANGYING。DANSHI,MAIKENAMALALIJIDUIGAIJIHUADEKEXINGXINGBIAOSHIHUAIYI,TARENWEI,MEIGUORUBUPAICHUDIMIANBUDUINAIZHIDONGYONGHEWUQIYUYIPEIHE,GAIJIHUAHENKENENGJIANGHEKENNIDIDANGZHENGSHIQIDE“ZHUWANSHIJIAN”YIYANGLIUYUSHIBAI。(34)

 

DIERTIAN,YUEHANXUNJIEJIANJIANGJINGGUO,HUITANCHIXULEYUEBANGEXIAOSHI。JIANGJINGGUOXIAOXINYIYIDEXIANGYUEHANXUNSHITANDAO,“JIANGZONGTONGHENXIANGZHIDAOMEIGUOXIANZAIDEYUANDONGZHENGCEJIGUOMINZHENGFUNENGWEIMEIGUOTIGONGSHENMEBANGZHU?”YUEHANXUNZHIQILAIYI,GUYIGUAIWANMOJIAODISHUO,“JINLAIYUEZHANDEXINGSHIBIJIAOGUWURENXIN,YOURENXIWANGMEIGUOCAIQUWUXIANZHIDEJUNSHICUOSHI,DANSHIMEIGUOZHENGFURENWEIZHEIJIANGDAOZHIMEIGUOYUANYUANBUDUANXIANGTAFANGTIGONGYUANZHU,ZHEISHIBUMINGZHIDE”。SUIJIBAHUATIYINXIANGBIECHU。JIANGJINGGUOBUZHUDIXIANGYUEHANXUNFAWEN,“RUGUOXIANGXUERUOHUOXIAOMIEZHONGGONG,RUHENENGBIMIANQUANMIANDEZHANZHENG?”JIEZHEJIANGQIFANGONGDALUDEJIHUAJIZHONGZHONGLIYOUZAIYUEHANXUNMIANQIANLVECHENYIBIAN,YUEHANXUNBUYUHUIDA,HUITANCONGCONGJIESHU。(35)

 

JIANGJINGGUOCIFANMEIGUOZHIXING,MEIYOUHEHUASHENGDUNJIUZHICHIQIFANGONGDALUDACHENGRENHEXIEYI。JIANGJINGGUOYUMAIKENAMALAFABIAODELIANHESHENGMING,DUITAIWANZHENGJIESUOQIDAIDEGUOMINDANGCANJIAYUEZHANWENTIZHIZIBUTI,JINBIAOSHIZANCHENGGUOMINDANGDUIYUENANTIGONGJINGJIYUANZHU。(36)JIANGJINGGUOMINGBAILAMEIGUOXIASHUIDEXIWANGJIWEIMIAOMANG,SUOYI,9YUE27RITAZAINIUYUECHUXI《SHIDAIZHOUKAN》CHUANGSHIRENHENGLI·LUSI(HenryLuce)WEITAJUXINGDEHUANYINGWUYANSHANGBIAOSHI: ZAIDUIZHONGGUODALUDE“TAOFAXINGDONG”ZHONG,“ZHONGHUAMINGUO”JINXUYAOMEIGUOMENGYOUDEJINGSHENZHICHIHEWUZHIYUANZHU,BINGBUXUYAOMEIGUOZHIJIECANJIA“GUANGFUDALU”DEZHANZHENG。(37)

 

JIANGJINGGUOFANGMEIQIJIANHAIXIANGMEIGUOTICHUJIANLIMEITAIZHIJIANDINGQICUOSHANGJIZHIDEJIANYI。FANTAIHOU,TAJIXUHEMEIGUOZHUTAIJIGOUDEXIANGGUANRENYUANJIUCIZUOJINYIBUDESHANGTAO。QICHU,JIANGJINGGUOTICHUMEITAIZHIJIANJIANLIMEIGESANGEYUEDEZHENGSHIGAOCENGHUIWU,DANMEIGUOGUOWUYUANRENWEIMUQIANJIANLIGAICENGMIANDEHUITANJIZHIJIMEIBIYAOYEBUKENENG。JIANGJINGGUODELICHANGSUIJIHOUTUI,TONGYIJIANGZHENGSHIGAOCENGHUIWUGAIWEISHUANGFANGBUDINGQIFEIZHENGSHIJIAOHUANYIJIAN。(38)SUIRANJIANGJINGGUOZHEIYITIYIYINQILEYUANDONGSHIWUZHULIGUOWUQINGBANGBANSAIMOUER·BEIGE(Samuel Berger)DENGRENDEXINGQU,DANXIANGGUANJIGOUDUIYUGUOMINDANGHUITANDEBIYAOXINGHESHIJIYIYIQUEYOUJIAODAFENQI。TONGQINGGUOMINDANGBINGZHUZHANGJIAQIANGYUZHIDUIHUADERENSHICHULEBEIGEZHIWAI,HAIYOUZHUTAI“SHIGUAN”DAIBANHENGANSHI(Arthur Hummel)。TAMENDOURENWEI,YANXIAHEGUOMINDANGJINXING“WUZHUTIMANTAN”JIYOUBIYAO: YIFANGMIAN,MEIGUOZHENGFUKEYIJIECIANFUGUOMINDANGDEQINGXU,JIANSHAOQIBEIMEIGUOLENGLUODEGANJUE;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZHIYAOGUOMINDANGZUNSHOUHUITANDECHENGXUGUIZE,MEIGUOHAIKEYILIYONGCUOSHANGDEMINGYISHUFUGUOMINDANG,FANGZHIQILUMANGXINGSHI。(39)DANSHI,MEIGUOZHUXIANGGANGZONGLINGSHIAIDEHUA·LAISI(Edward Rice)YIYUJINGXINGMENGZHONGREN。TARENWEI,GAIHUITANHENKENENGYINQIZHONGGONGDECAIYI,ERBEIRENWEIMEITAIZAILIANHEZHIDINGGONGJIDALUDEJUNSHIJIHUA。YINER,CIXIANGJIANYIBUJINSHI“SHIFENKEYIDE”,HAISHI“JIWEIWEIXIANDE”。(40)

 

AG娱乐网ZHICI,JIANGJINGGUOFANGMEIQUDEDEZUISHIZHICHENGGUO,ZHENGRUTA10YUE15RIXIANGLIFAYUANBAOGAOZHONGTIDAODE,JINJINSHI“MINGQUEXIANGMEIGUOBIAOSHILEAGYULEWANGFANGONGDALUDELICHANG”,JIRUGUOMEIGUOXIANGCHEDIJIEJUEYUENANWENTIERBUJINJINXUNQIUYIZHONGQUANYIZHIJI,“WEIYIDEBANFAJIUSHICHANCHUQINLVEDEGENYUAN——XIAOMIEZHONGGUOGONGCHANDANGZHENGQUAN”。(41)DANSHI,MEIGUODUIGAIWENTICHIHELICHANGHAIZANWEIKEZHI。

 

SHIJISHANG,JIANGJINGGUOFANTAIHOU,MAIKENAMALAJIANG“GT-5”JIHUAJIAOYOUCANMOUZHANGLIANXIHUIYISHENYI。11YUE16RI,MEIGUOCANMOUZHANGLIANXIHUIYIFUZHUXIMANHATE(A.H.Manhart)WANCHENGLEDUIGAIJIHUADEPINGGUBAOGAOZHIHOU,ZHENGSHILEMAIKENAMALAXIANQIANDECAICE。MANHATEDEJIELUNSHI: “GT-5”JIHUAJIHUMEIYOUCHENGGONGDEKENENG,YINWEI“GAIJIHUASUOYANMEIGUOHAIJUNHEKONGJUNSUOQIDEZUOYONGJINSHIYANHUERBUCANYUDUIZHONGGONGSHISHIZHIJIEDAJISHIBUXIANSHIDE,YINWEIGUOMINDANGYOUXIANDEJUNSHILILIANGBUZUYIGONGDAZHONGGUONANBUDEJICHANG……ERQIEMEIYOUQINGBAOBIAOMINGZHONGGUODALUDERENMINHUIYONGHUZHEIYIXINGDONG。”TATICHUSANDIANJIANYI: SHOUXIAN,TONGGUO“LANSHIWEIYUANHUI”ZHICHUGUOMINDANGDEZHANLVEJIHUADELOUDONG,YAOQIUJIANGJIESHIJIANTAOQIDUIDALUDEGUANDIANYUCELVE;QICI,MEITAISHUANGFANGDUIDALUJUSHIJINXINGLIANHEQINGBAOPINGGU,ZHONGDIANYANJIUDALUSHIFOUZHENZHENGCUNZAIZHE“MINZHONGQIYI”HE“GONGJUNTOUCHENG”DELIANGZHONGKENENG;ZAICI,MEIGUOJUEBUCANYU、GULI、ZHICHIGUOMINDANGKONGJIANGDALUDEXINGDONGJIHUA。(42)

 

AG娱乐网SUIRANTAIWANFANGMIANZAIJIAOJIDIDENGDAIMEIFANGDUI“GT-5”JIHUADEYIJIAN,DANMEIFANGQUEGUYITUOYAN,CHICHIWEIJIANGGUOFANGBUDEPINGGUJIELUNTONGBAOJIJIANGJIESHI。SHIJISHANG,TUOYANSHIMEIGUODUIFUGUOMINDANGFANGONGDALUZHENGCEDEYIGEGUANYONGSHOUDUAN: YIFANGMIAN,MEIGUOLITUXIAOHAOGUOMINDANGDENAIXIN,RANGQIBAIBAICUOGUOSUOWEIDE“HUANGJINJIHUI”,WEIMEIFANGZHENGQUSHIJIAN;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZAI“GT-5”JIHUAWENTISHANG,MEIFANGZHISUOYIBULIJITONGZHITAIWANGUOFANGBUYIJINGDECHUDEZUIZHONGYIJIAN,SHIGUYITIXIANTAMENDUIGAIJIHUADEZHONGSHI,ERBUSHICONGMANGZUOJIELUN。YUCITONGSHI,QINTAIDEKELAIENZAICITIJIANGQIUQING。12YUE6RI,TAXIANGZHONGYANGQINGBAOJUJUZHANGYUEHAN·MAIKEEN(John A.McCone)TICHUJIANYI,YAOQIUYUNXUGUOMINDANGJUNSHILILIANGCANYUYUENANZHANZHENG。TARENWEI,MEIGUOYINGGAIYUGUOMINDANGLIANHEZHIDINGZAIHUANANDEJINJIKONGJIANGXINGDONGJIHUA,JIESHOUTAIWAN1WANRENZUCHENGBIEDONGDUIZAINANYUEGAODISOUBUHESAODANGDIJUN。TARENWEIZHEISHICHULESHIYONGYUANZIDANZHIWAI,FANGZHIGONGCHANDANGDAGUIMOGANSHEYUENANDEZUIHAOWEISHEBANFA。TANGRUOZAIBEIYUEDEZHONGGONGJUNDUICHAOGUO5WANREN,HUOZHONGGONGJUNSHILILIANGYUNANYUEHUOLAOWO、TAIGUODENGDIDEJUNDUIFASHENGZHIJIECHONGTUSHI,GUOMINDANGJUNDUIKEZAIMEIGUOHAI、KONGJUNDEZHICHIXIAZAIZHONGGUONANBUDENGLU。(43)

 

CHULETONGGUOQINTAIRENSHIXIANGYUEHANXUNZHENGFUZHUANDAQIGUANDIANZHIWAI,TAIWANYIZHONGDIANYOUSHUOMEIGUOJUNFANGRENSHI,YINWEIZAIWEISHUBUDUODEZHICHIGUOMINDANGJUNDUIRUYUEZUOZHANDEMEIGUORENDANGZHONG,BUFENJILAIZIZHIYEJUNREN。RUMEIGUOZHUTAIJUNSHIGUWENTUANTUANZHANGSANGBOENSHAOJIANG(K.O.Sanborn)JIUDUIZHENGKEMENDESHUSHOUSHUJIAODAWEIBUMAN,TAZAIYUPEITONGLASIKELAITAIFANGWENDEYUANDONGSHIWUZHULIGUOWUQINGWEILIAN·BANGDI(William Bundy)TANDAONANYUEJUSHISHISHUO,“JIAGYULEWANGPAILIANGGEGUOMINDANGF-86FEIXINGZHONGDUIHETAMENDETEZHONGBUDUI,AGYULEWANGJIANGZAISANGEYUEZHINEIJIESHUZHANZHENG”。(44)ZUOWEIMEIGUOZHUTAIDEZUIGAOJUNSHIJIANGLING,SANGBOENDUIGUOMINDANGDETONGQING,BUFENYUANYUQISHENCHUQIDI。SANGBOENDEHAOYANZHUANGYU,RUCHAOXIANZHANZHENGSHIQIMAIKEASEJIAOXIAOYAOZAI“SHENGDANJIEQIANJIESHUZHANZHENG”,TONGWEIWUFUKUANGYAN,MEIGUOGAOCENGDUICIBINGBUZANTONG。12YUE29RI,JIANGJIESHIHELAITAIFANGWENDEMEICANMOUZHANGLIANXIHUIYIZHUXIEER·HUILE(Earle G.Wheeler)SHANGJIANGHUIWU。ZAIZHANGDALIANGGEDUOXIAOSHIDEHUITANZHONG,JIANGDUOCIQIANGDIAOMEIGUOZHICHIGUOMINDANG“FANGONGDALU”CAISHIJIEJUEYUEZHANDEGENBENZHIDAO,BINGYIZAIKENQIUHUILEBATADEKANFAZHUANDAJIZONGTONGYUEHANXUN、GUOWUQINGLASIKEHEGUOFANGBUZHANGMAIKENAMALA。JIANYUJIANGJIESHIDEJINGLIHENIANLING,HUILEDUIQIJINGKUANGPOWEITONGQING,DANSHITADUIGUOMINDANGSUOYAN“XINANWUSHENGDADUOSHURENMINZHICHIJIANGZONGTONGDEFUGUODAYE”QUEBUYIWEIRAN。FANMEIHOU,TASUIJIJIANYIYUEHANXUNYI“TANBAIERWEIWAN”DEFANGSHIJUJUEGUOMINDANGFANGONGDALUDEYAOQIU。(45)

 

1966NIANYUANDAN,MEIGUOFUZONGTONGXIUBOTE·HANFULAI(Hubert Humphrey)DIDATAIWANBINGYUJIANGJIESHIJUXINGHUITAN,JIANGJIESHIZAICIJIEJIZHONGSHENYUENANZHANZHENGSHIYICHANG“DAILIREN”ZHIJIANDEZHANZHENGDELILUN。TADUIHANFULAISHUO,MEIGUOBIXURENSHIDAOMEIGUOZAIDONGNANYADETOUHAODIRENSHIZHONGGONG,ERFEINANYUEYOUJIDUIHEBEIYUEZHENGQUAN。MEIGUOZAIDONGNANYALIYONGRENLIYUZHONGGONGKANGHENGDEBUMINGZHIDE,XIANJINDEWUQIJUEBUNENGTIDAIRENLIDE,ZHIYOUMEIGUOCHUDONGHOUQINZHICHIHETAIWANPAICHURENLIXIANGJIEHECAIYOUKENENGZHIFUZHONGGONG。HANFULAIZAOYILIAODAOJIANGJIESHIJIANGCHUCIYAN,GUXIAOERBUDA。JIANGJIANQIBUZHIKEFOU,YOUBUBIANJINYIBUZHUIWEN,ZHIHAOSHUO: “RUGUOGUIAGYULEWANGSHUANGFANGNENGZAISHEISHIZHENZHENGDEDIRENZHEIYIDIANSHANGQUDEGONGSHI,AGYULEWANGJIANGJIXUTAOLUNLIANHEFANGONGDEZHANLVEXIJIE。”(46)

 

AG娱乐网YANDANGLIANGGEDUOYUE,MEIGUOZHONGYUXIANGTAIWANTULUZHENSHITAIDU。1966NIAN1YUE24RI,“ZHUHUASHIGUAN”DAIBANHENGANSHIXIANGJIANGJINGGUOMINGBAIWUWUDIZHUANDAHUAFUJUJUEZHICHIGUOMINDANGFANGONGXINANDEJUEDING。TAZHICHU,MEIGUODUI“GT-5”JIHUADEZHICHIJIANGYIWEIZHEYUZHONGGONGDEZHIJIEZHANZHENG,ZHEIYIDIANQIASHIMEIGUOYAOJIELIBIMIANDE。TONGSHI,MEIGUOSUOSHOUJIDEQINGBAOBINGBUZHICHIGUOMINDANGRUQINDALUJIANGHUIJIQIDANGDIMINZHONGQIYIDEKANFA。YINCI,MEIGUOBUTONGYIGUOMINDANGCHASHOUYUENAN,ZHIYUNXUQIDUIYUENANTIGONGJINGJIYUJISHUYUANZHU。WUTIANHOU(1YUE29RI),GUOWUYUANYISHUMIANXINGSHIJIANGGAIYIJIANZHENGSHIDICHENGJIJIANGJINGGUO。(47)ZHICI,GUOMINDANGCHENYUENANZHANZHENGSHENGWENZHIJIZAIZHONGGUOXINANWUSHENGYINRANZHANHUO,ERSHIXIAN“FANGONGDALU”DEGOUXIANGZHONGGUINANKEYIMENG,“GT-5”ZHANLVEJIHUACONGCIBEISHUZHIGAOGE。

 

AG娱乐网MEIGUOZHISUOYIYIZAIFANDUIGUOMINDANGZAIZHONGGUOXINANKAIPIYUEZHANDIERZHANCHANGDEQINGQIU,ZHUYAOYUANYINSHIDANXINGUOMINDANGDEJIERUJIANGSHISHITAISHENGJIERBUKESHOUSHI。SUIRAN1965NIANZHIHOU,YUEHANXUNZHENGFUJUEDINGSHENGJIDUIYUEZHANZHENG,DANQIRENWEIZHEIZHONGSHENGJIBIXUXIANZHIZAIBUYINQIYUZHONGGUOKAIZHANDEFANWEIZHINEI。(48)YUEZHANFASHENGHOU,ZHONGFANGCENGTONGGUOGEZHONGQUDAOXIANGMEIFANGDUOCIFACHUJINGGAO,YAOQIUMEIGUOBUDEJIANGZHANZHENGWUXIANZHISHENGJI,ZHEIXIEXINXIDEDAOYUEHANXUNZHENGFUDEGAODUZHONGSHI。RUMEIGUOXUEZHECHENJIANHEHESIBOGESUOYAN,“DANGYUEHANXUNZUOCHUTONGZHANZHENGSHENGJIYOUGUANDERENHEYIGEJUTIJUEDINGSHI,TABUNENGBUKAOLVDEZUIZHONGYAOYINSUZHIYI,BIANSHIZHONGGUOKENENGDUICIZUOCHUDEFANYING,YIJIBUYINJIFANGDEMOUXIEJILIEXINGDONG……ERSHIBEIJINGCHANSHENGWUJIE,JINERJIANGZHONGGUO‘TUORU’TONGMEIGUODEZHIJIECHONGTU”。(49)YINCI,YUEHANXUNZHENGFUDUIRENHEKENENGYINQIZHONGGUODALUWUHUIDEZHENGCEDONGYIJUNBAOCHIJINSHENDETAIDU。LIRU,2YUE19RI,MEIGUOZHUXIANGGANGZONGLINGSHILAISIXIANGGUOWUYUANHUIBAO: ZHONGGONGZHENGMIQIEZHUSHIGUOMINDANGJUNDUIDONGXIANGBINGDUIMEITAILIANHEQINLVEBAOCHIGAODUDEJINGJUE,JIANYIMEIGUO“BIXUFANGQI‘LANSHI’HUOXIANGSIXINGDONGSUOBAODEJUNSHIYITU,AGYULEWANGYUGUOMINDANGDESHANGYIYIZHINENGXIANYUQINGBAOJIAOHUANHEXIANGHUTIGONGCANKAOYIJIAN”。(50)MEIGUOZHUTAI“DASHIGUAN”BUJINTONGYILAISIDEKANFA,HAIJINYIBUTICHUXIANQIANGUOFANGBUNIZAITAIWANSHELIB-52HONGZHAJIJIDIDEJIHUABIXUFANGQI,YIMIANBEIZHONGGONGRENWEIMEIGUOYOURUQINZHONGGUODALUDEQITU。(51)

 

TAIWANDANGJUQUECONGYIGEWANQUANBUTONGDEJIAODUJIEDU1965NIANZHIHOUMEIGUOSUOMIANLINDENEIWAIXINGSHI: YUENANZHANZHENGDEBAIREHUAHEGUONEIFANZHANYUNDONGDESHENGJI,SHIYUEHANXUNZHENGFUXIANRUNEIWAIJIAOKUNDEJIONGJING,QICONGSUCONGKUAIJIEJUEYUENANZHANSHIDEYUANWANGRIYIPOQIE,CONGERYEJIGUOMINDANGCANZHANTIGONGGENGKENENGDESHIJI。YINCI,DUITAIWANDANGJUERYAN,“GT-5”ZHANLVEJIHUADEYAOZHE,XIANGZHENGZHEYIGESHIDAIDEJIESHU。SUIRANCIHOUGUOMINDANGRENGRANBUSHISHIJIDEXUANCHUAN“FANGONGDALU”,DANSHIZAIYEMEIYOUXIANGHUASHENGDUNTICHULEISIDEZHANLVEHEZUOJIHUA,YINWEICIHOUZAIYEZHAOBUDAOBI1965NIANYUEZHANJIJUSHENGJIGENGHESHIDESHIJIHEJIEKOULE。DIERNIAN,MIMOU“ZIZHUFANGONG”DE“GUOGUANGZUOYESHI”GENGMINGWEI“ZUOZHANJIHUASHI”BINGJINXINGGAIBIAN,CIHOUGUIMOZHUNIANSUOXIAO,ZHIZHI1972NIAN7YUEZAIQIAOWUSHENGXIZHONGBEICHEXIAO。(52)

 

四、美台合作援助南越

 

YUENANZHANZHENGDESHENGJIQUEDAOZHIYIGETAIWANDANGJUWANQUANMEIYOULIAODAODEJIEGUO: YUEHANXUNZHENGFUWEIZOUCHUYUENANKUNJINGKAISHICAIQUCUOSHISHEFAHUANHEZHONGMEIJIANGJU。SHIJISHANG,ZI1960NIANDAICHUYILAI,MEIGUOGUONEIGEJIE,BAOKUOWEIZHENGFUTIGONGJIANYIDEJUECEMULIAO、GUOHUIZHONGKAIMINGYIYUAN、YAOQIUQUZHONGGUOTUOZHANYEWUDESHANGYERENSHI,YIJIXUESHUJIEDEYIXIEZHUANJIA,JUNYIBUTONGFANGSHIYAOQIUZHENGFUDIAOZHENGDUIHUAZHENGCE。SUIZHEYUEZHANDESHENGJI,QIHUSHENGYUQUZHUANGDA。ZAICIQINGKUANGXIA,YUEHANXUNWEILEHUANHELAIZIGUONEIGEJIEDEYULUNHEDAXIAOZHONGGUOLINGDAORENDEYILV,BIMIANYINGANSHEYUENANERYINQIZHONGMEIJUNSHIDUIKANG,YU1965NIAN8YUEZUOCHUJUEDING,FANGKUANDUIHUALVXINGXIANZHI,YUNXUMEIGUOYISHENG、KEXUEJIAJIGONGGONGWEISHENGDENGLINGYUDERENYUANFANGWENZHONGGUO,CONGERXIUZHENGLEMEIGUOZHENGFUCONG1950NIANCHAOXIANZHANZHENGBAOFAYIHOUJIUYIZHIZHIXINGDEDUIHUALVXINGJINLING。(53)SUIRANZHONGGUOZHENGFUJUJUELEMEIGUORAOGUOTAIWANWENTISUOSHENCHUDEGANLANZHI,DANDUIGUOMINDANGERYAN,CIJUSHIMEIGUODUIZHONGGONG“GUXI”DETIXIAN。

 

1966NIANHOU,SUIZHEYUEZHANSHENGJIHEZHONGGUOZAIDONGYADIYUANZHENGZHIFENLIANGDERIJIANZENGZHANG,MEIGUOCHAOYEPUBIANDANXINZAICITONGZHONGGUOCHUFALEISIYUCHAOXIANZHANZHENGDEDAGUIMOJUNSHICHONGTU。ZHONGMEIGUANXIZHUJIANCHENGWEIMEIGUODUIWAIZHENGCEDEGUANZHUDIAN,ZHENGFUNEIWAIXINGQIXINDEYILUNGUANYUZHONGGUOWENTIDETAOLUN。ZAIXUDUOBUTONGDELUNTAN、TAOLUNHUIHEZHUANTIJIEMUZHONG,MEIGUODUIHUAZHENGCESHOUDAOGUANGFANGUANZHU。CANYIYUANDUIWAIGUANXIWEIYUANHUIZHUXIFUBULAITELINGDAODEGUOHUITINGZHENGHUIKAIQILEDUIHUAWENTIBIANLUNDEXINFENGQI。CONG3YUE8RIKAISHI,CANYIYUANWAIWEIHUIJUXINGYIXILIETIWEI“MEIGUODUIZHONGGUODALUZHENGCE”DETINGZHENGHUI,JIUZHONGMEIGUANXIMIANLINDEZHUYAOWENTIZHANKAIRELIETAOLUN。MEIGUODANGSHIYANJIUZHONGGUOWENTIHEGUOJIZHENGZHIDEZHUYAOZHUANJIAJIHUDOUCHUXILETINGZHENGHUI。SUIRANYUHUIZHEDUIYUENANZHANZHENGHEZHONGMEIGUANXIGECHIYIJIAN,QIZHONGBUFAJIDUANQIANGYINGDEFANGONGYANLUN,DANCANJIATINGZHENGHUIDEDUOSHUXUEZHEDOURENWEI: SUIRANMEIGUOYINGGAIJIXU“EZHI”ZHONGGUO,DANBIXUPAOQI“GULI”ZHONGGUODEZHENGCE,ZAIWENHUA、JIAOYUHEJISHUDENGGEGELINGYUKAIZHANTONGZHONGGUODALUDEJIECHU。(54)QIZHONG,GELUNBIYADAXUEJIAOSHOUBAODAKE(A.Doak Barnett)TICHUMEIGUOYINGGAIZHUDONGFANGQIZAILIANHEGUOZHICHITAIWANDEZUOFA,ZANCHENGRANGZHONGGONGHETAIWANYIYANGXIANGYOUZUOWEILIANHEGUOCHUANGSHIGUODE“JICHENGQUAN”。SUIRANMEIGUO“BIXUJIXUXIEFANGTAIWAN”JIZHICHI“MINZUZIJUE”DEYUANZE,DANSHI,MEIGUOBUYINGGAIZAIJIXUCHENMIANYUCHENGREN“ZHONGHUAMINGUO”SHIDAIBIAOZHONGGUODE“WEIYIZHENGFU”DE“XUNISHISHI”ZHONG。BAODAKETICHU,MEIGUODUIHUAZHENGCEYINGGAICONG“EZHIJIAGULI”ZHUANBIANWEI“EZHIERBUGULI”,JI“YIFANGMIANZHIZAIZHIZHIJUNSHIHUODIANFUDEWEIXIEHELAIZIBEIJINGDEYALI,LINGYIFANGMIANZHIZAIZUIDAXIANDUDITONGZHONGGONGJINXINGJIECHU,BINGQIESHITAMENZUIDAXIANDUDIHUIGUIGUOJIDAJIATING”。(55)

 

MEIGUOGEJIEGUANYUDUIHUAZHENGCEDETAOLUN,LIANTONGYUEHANXUNZHENGFUDUIHUASHENCHUHUANHEDECHUJIAOYINQILETAIWANDANGJUDEQIANGLIEFANYING,TAIWANMEITIFENFENZHIZEYUEHANXUNZHENGFUDUIZHONGGONGCAIQU“GUXITAIDU”,BINGZHIWENMEIGUO“RUHENENGGOUZHEIMEKUAIJIUWANGJIXITELE、MOSUOLINIHEDONGTIAOYINGJI?”(56)GUOMINDANGDANXINMEIGUOGUONEIDUIHUAZHENGCEBIANLUNJIANGZUIZHONGDAOZHIMEIGUOZHENGFUXIANGZHONGGONGTUOXIE。YIXIEGUOMINDANGGAOGUANRENWEI,MEIGUODUIZHONGGONGDEDIZHIJIANGHENKUAIBENGKUI,YINWEIYUEHANXUNZHENGFUYOUYUHAIPAYUZHONGGONGZHANZHENG,ZAIJIASHANG“BEIFANDONGLILIANGSUOCAOZONGDEMEIGUOZHENGCEBIANLUN”,JIANGDAOZHI1945—1950NIANGONGCHANDANGHEZUOPAIFENZILIYONGMEIGUOZHENGCEDELISHIBEIJUZHONGYAN。(57)4YUE5RI,KELAIENHEHENGANSHIGONGTONGHUIJIANJIANGJIESHISHIFAXIANJIANGYIZHICHENMOGUAYAN,ERQIEXIANDE“YINYUHEJUSANG”。(58)JIANGJIESHIDANXINTAIWANCHENGWEIMEIGUOJIEJUEYUENANWENTIDEXISHENGPIN,LIJIRANGGUOMINDANGGUANYUANZHESHOUZUJIANYIGEKAIZHANDUIMEIYOUSHUOHUODONGZHUANMENXIAOZU,YIHUOQUMEIGUODUIGUOMINDANGDEZHICHIJIGONGJIPIPINGMEIGUOZHENGFUDUITAIZHENGCEDEREN。(29)

 

AG娱乐网GUOMINDANGZAI“YANZHENGKANGYI”HEJIAQIANGYOUSHUODETONGSHI,QIANFANGBAIJITONGGUOGEZHONGTUJINGTAOLAOMEIGUO,FANGZHIQIDUIHUAZHENGCEJIJUGAIBIAN。“GAOSHAOBUTUI”DEYUENANWEITAIWANDANGJUTIGONGLEYIGELIANGHAODEJIHUIHEQUDAO。DUITAIWANDANGJUERYAN,SUIRANMEIGUODUIHUAZHENGCEDEXINDONGXIANGLINGQIZUOLIBUAN,DANSHIMEIGUOJIANDINGDEFANGONGLICHANGRENGRANSHITAIWANANQUANDEZUIDABAOZHENG。ZHIYAOMEIGUONENGJIANGDUIGONGCHANZHUYIDELENGZHANZHIYUQIDUIWAIZHENGCEDESHOUWEI,TAIWANJIUHUISHOUDAOQIBAOHUSANDEYINBI。MIANDUIZHEMEIGUODUITAIWANZHUJIANLENGQUEDEREQING,TAIWANDANGJULITUJIXUYI“ZHONGCHENG”HUANQUMEIGUODEZHICHIYUYUANZHU,ERZAIYUENANWEIMEIGUOZHUSHANGYIBEIZHILISHIGUOMINDANGDUIMEI“SHUCHENG”DEZUIHAOSHOUDUAN。ZHIYAONENGJIANGTAIBEIHEXIGONGDEMINGYUNJINJINSHUANZAIYIQI,MEIGUODUIHUAZHENGCEDEDIAOZHENGJIUHUISHOUDAOJIDAXIANZHI。

 

JIUBIZHEMULISUOJI,XUESHUJIEGUANYUTAIWANYUANZHUNANYUEDEYANJIUJIWEIYOUXIAN,QIEXUSHUYUANWEIZHOUQUAN。ZHEIHUOXUSHIYOUYUYUGAIWENTIXIANGGUANZHIZHONGYAODANGANCAILIAOQUESHIZHIYUANGU。GENJUTAIWAN《QUANQIUFANGWEIZAZHI》YUEKAN2003NIAN6YUEHAODEYIPIANWENZHANGBAODAO: 1975NIAN4YUE,XIGONGXIANLUOZHISHI,TAIWANDUIYUEYUANZHUDEZHUYAOJIGOU“ZHONGHUAMINGUOZHUYUEAGYULEWANGGUWENTUAN”DERENYUANCHETUICANGCU,XUDUOWENJIANBUJIDAIZOU,BEIJIUDIFENHUI,SHIYUNIANLAITAIWANYUANYUEDEHENDUODANGANJIUCIHUAWEIHUIJIN,ZHIYOUSHAOBUFENDAIHUITAIWANBAOCUN。(60)BIZHEZONGHEXIANYOUCHENGGUOHELAIZIMEI、TAIDENGFANGMIANDEJIEMIDANGAN,DUITAIWANYUANYUEQINGKUANGZUORUXIAGAISHU,YIQIPAOZHUANYINYU。

 

AG娱乐网CONGMEITAIGUANXIDEJIAODULAIKAN,TAIWANXIANGNANYUETIGONGDEYUANZHUKEYIFENWEILIANGLEI: YILEIWEIGUOMINDANGZHENGFUYUNANYUEZHIJIEDIYUE,DULIYUANZHUNANYUEZHENGFU;LINGYILEIWEIMEIGUOYUTAIWANDIYUE,MEIGUOBUJINCHUZI,HAIFUZEXIEDIAOTAIYUEZHIJIANDEGUANXI。QIANZHEDUOYISHUANGBIANJUNSHIHEZUOWEIZHU,RUPAIQIANJUNSHIGUWENTUAN;HOUZHECHULEJUNSHIZHIWAI,HAISHEJIJINGJI、JISHU、YILIAO、YUNSHUDENG,DUOSHUHOUQINXINGZHI。YANGELAISHUO,TAIWANDEMUDEBINGBUZAIYUDANCHUNYUANZHUNANYUE,ERSHIYUANZHUMEIGUOZAINANYUEDEXINGDONG。YOULUNZHERENWEIMEITAIHEZUODEMOSHISHIWEILEBIANYUTAIWANZAI“SHOUYUANGUOJIANLISHENGWANG”。(61)SHIJISHANG,ZONGHEKAOLVCISHIMEITAIGUANXIDEGEZHONGXIWEIBIANHUA,KEYIRENDINGGUOMINDANGDEZHENSHIYITUSHIXIWANGTONGGUOCIJUJINYIBUBANGDINGMEITAITONGMENG。

 

TAIWANDUINANYUEDEZHIJIEYUANZHUSHIYU1960NIANDAICHUQI。1960NIAN,DANGSHIDENANYUEZONGTONGWUTINGYANSHOUYAOFANGWENTAIWAN,YAOQIUJIANGJIESHIPAIQIANYIWEIJIANGJUNQIANWANGYUENAN,XIEZHUNANYUEJUNDUIZHENGJIANGONGZUO。5YUE,GUOMINDANGPAIQIANZHENGGONGGANBUXUEXIAO(ZHENGZHANXUEXIAO)XIAOZHANGWANGSHENGXIEDAILIANGMINGZHUSHOUFUNANYUEJINXINGWEIQILIANGGEYUEDEQIANQIKAOCHA。TONGNIANDI,YOUWANGSHENGRENTUANZHANGDE7RENJUNGUANTUANFUYUE,XIEZHUNANYUEJUNFANGJIANLIZHENGZHANZHIDU,CIJIGUOMINDANGYUANYUEGUWENTUANDEQIANSHEN“KUISHANJUNGUANTUAN”。GAITUANXIEZHUNANYUEJUNFANGCHENGLIZHENGZHIZUOZHANYANJIUBANDENGBANDUI,DAIXUNGANBU,BINGYU1962NIAN1YUE5RIWANCHENGRENWUFANTAI。1964NIAN1YUE30RI,YUENANFASHENGRUANQINGZHENGBIAN。JINJIEQIHOU,GUOMINDANGZAIDUPAIWANGSHENGQIANWANGXIGONG,BIAOSHIDUIRUANQINGZHENGQUANDEZHICHI,BINGYANSHANGFANGONGZUOZHANWENTI。(62)

 

1964NIAN9YUE1RI,NANYUEGUOFANGBUZHANGJIANSANJUNZONGSILINGCHENSHANQIANSHANGJIANG,FAHANJITAIWAN“CANMOUZONGZHANG”PENGMENGJISHANGJIANG,ZHENGSHIYAOQINGTAIWANPAIQIANJUNSHIGUWENTUANFUYUE。“GUOFANGBU”LIJICHENGLI“ZHONGHUAMINGUOZHUYUEJUNSHIGUWENTUAN”,YIDENGDINGYUANZHONGJIANGWEISHOURENTUANZHANG,QUANTUANGONG15REN,YU10YUE8RIFEIDIXIGONG,KAISHIXIEZHURUANQINGZHENGQUANJIANLIJUNZHONGZHENGZHIZUOZHANZHIDU。JUNSHIGUWENTUANCHULEZAINANYUEZHENGZHANZONGJUJISUOSHUGEJUPAIZHUGUWENWAI,HAICONG1966NIAN7YUEKAISHIZAIGEZHANSHUQUSILINGBUPAIZHUGUWEN,GENIAN3YUE,YOUZAIHAI、KONGJUNSILINGBUPAIZHUGUWEN,GUWENRENSHUZENGWEI31REN。1967NIAN2YUETAIWANJUNSHIGUWENTUANGAIWEI“ZHONGHUAMINGUOZHUYUEJUNYUANTUAN”,DANGSHIDETUANZHANGXURUJICHENGWEIDIYIRENSILING。TAIWANGUWENTUANHEJUNYUANTUANZHUYUEQIJIAN,XIEZHUNANYUEJUNFANGCHENGLIZHENGZHANZONGJU,JIANLIGEJIZHENGZHANZUZHI,KAIBANZHENGZHANJIAOGUANBAN,CHUANGJIANZHENGZHANDAXUEDENG。ZHI1973NIAN3YUE12RITAIWANZHUYUEJUNYUANTUANLIYUE,YUANYUEGONGZUOGONGLISHI9NIAN。1973NIAN,NANBEIYUEQIANDING《BALIHEPINGXIEDING》HOU,SUOYOUYUANZHUNANYUEDEWAIGUOJUNDUIHEJUNSHIRENYUANBIXUQUANBUCHECHU,YUEZHANCHEDI“YUENANHUA”。NANYUEZHENGFUZAIGULIWUYUANDEQINGXINGXIA,XIWANGTAIWANZHUYUEJUNYUANTUANNENGJIXUXIEZHU,GUOMINDANGJIYUGONGTONGFANGONGDELICHANG,JUEDINGJUNYUANTUANYI“ZHUYUEAGYULEWANGGUWENTUAN”DEMINGYIJIXULIUYUEYUANZHU,ZHIDAO1975NIAN4YUENANYUEWANGGUO。(63)

 

1965NIANXIABANNIANQIAN,YIFANGMIAN,GUOMINDANGZAIYUENANDEXINGDONGSHIWEILVXINGZUOWEIMEIGUOMENGGUODETIANRAN“YIWU”;LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZESHILITUXUNZHAOJIHUIJIANGZHANHUOBEIYINJINGONGZHONGGUODALU,XIEZHUNANYUEZHENGQUANBUSHITAIWANDANGJUDEGENBENMUDE。RUQIANSUOSHU,GUOMINDANGLVCIXIANGMEIGUOTIYIZAIZHONGGUODEXINANKAIPIYUENANZHANZHENGDIERZHANCHANGDEYAOQIU,DANLVZAOJUJUE。(64)MEIGUOHENANYUESHUANGFANGDOUBUXIANGRANGGUOMINDANGZHIJIEJUANRUYUENANDEJUNSHICHONGTU。MEIGUOJUEDEGUOMINDANGJUNDUIDEJIERUJIANGHUISHIYUENANYUZHONGGUONEIZHANJIUJIEZAIYIQI,SHIXINGSHIJINYIBUFUZAHUA,BINGJIYUBEIJINGZHONGDAOTAIWANHAIXIAJINZHANGJUSHIDEJIEKOU。

 

AG娱乐网NANYUEFANGMIANSUIRANHUANYINGGUOMINDANGDEZHONGZHONGYUANZHU,DANDUIQIJUNDUIDEZHIJIEJIERURENGRANXINCUNYILV。(65)DIERCISHIJIEDAZHANQIJIAN,XIAOGUGUOMINDANGJUNDUICENGZAIYUENANZHULIUYIXIEZHUMENGJUNKANGRI,DANQUEZAIYUENANLIUXIALEJUNJIBAIHUAI、FUHUADUOLUODEEMING。SUIRANSHIGUOJINGQIANJIN20NIAN,DANNANYUEGEJIEDUIGUOMINDANGJUNDUIDEJIELVEYUSAORAORENGRANJIYIYOUXIN,GUDUIJIANGJIESHIJUNDUIBAOCHIGAODUJINGTI。(66)CIWAI,NANYUEDANGJUYUGUOMINDANGCENGYIDUYINWUTINGYANZHENGQUANDEPAIHUAZHENGCEERGUANXIJINZHANG。1955NIAN,WUTINGYANZHENGQUANCHENGLIHOU,YIFANGONGWEIMINGFADONGLEYIXIEFANHUAPAIHUADESHIJIAN,QIZHONGZUITUCHUDEJIUSHIQIANGPODANGDIHUAQIAOJIARUYUENANGUOJI。BUFENBUYUANJIUFANDENANYUEHUAQIAOXIANGTAIWANDANGJUQIUZHU,XIWANGGUOMINDANGNENGWEIYUENANHUAQIAOZHENGQUDAOZIYOUXUANZEGUOJIDEQUANLI。SUIRANTAIWANDANGJUCENGXIWANGZHUAZHUCIJIHUIZHANGXIANQIDAIBIAOQUANQIUHUARENDE“HEFADIWEI”,DANCHUYULIANHENANYUEGONGTONG“FANGONG”DEMUDE,TAIWANDANGJUBUZUOWEI,ZHUANERQUJIUNANYUEZHENGFUDEQIANGYINGTAIDU。(67)SUIRANRUCI,GUOMINDANGZAINANYUEHUAQIAOWENTISHANGDELICHANGBINGWEIWANQUANJIECHUWUTINGYANDANGJUDEJIEXIN,YIZHIYUDANGWANGSHENGCHUCIFUTAIYUWUTINGYANJIANMIANZHISHI,WUKAIKOUBIANWENQI“DUIYUENANDE‘HUAQIAOZHENGCE’YOUSHENMEGAOJIAN?”(68)

 

WUTINGYANZHENGQUANDAOTAIHOU,NANYUEZHENGFUHEMINZHONGDUIHUAQIAODEYILVHEPAICHIQINGXUBINGWEISUIZHIYANXIAOYUNSAN。1964NIAN8YUE,YUENANYIXIEDAXUESHENGFAQI“FANHUARENJIANSHANGYUNDONG”,LINGTAIWANDANGJUSHENSHICHAYI。TAIWANDANGJUZHIWEN“SHENSHOUGONGDANGHUOHAIDEYUENAN,ZHENGZAIJIXUFANGONGMENGYOUDEQIANGYOULIDEYUANZHUZHIJI”,JINGHUICHUXIANRUCI“NILIU”?(69)JINGGUODUOFANGXIEDIAO,NANYUEDEFANHUAQINGXUSHAOYOUPINGXI,DANNANYUEMINZHONGHEZHENGFUSHIZHONGDUIGUOMINDANGBAOCHIJINGTI,RU1967NIANGUOMINDANGCENGXIANGNANYUEZHENGFUTICHUYIGEZHIZAIMEIGONGHESANJIAOZHOUDIQUTUIXINGDAOGUFAZHANDEXIANGMUJIHUA。“JINGJIBUZHANG”LIGUODINGDUIGAIXIANGMUBAOYOUJIDAXINGQUBINGJIAYITUIDONG,DANNANYUE“NONGYEBUZHANG”QUEYUYIYIKOUHUIJUE。ZAIYUEFANGKANLAI,ZHEIGEXIANGMUYUNANYUEZHENGFUZHENGZAIJINXINGDEXIANGMUXIANGBIHAOWUCHUANGYI,QUEXUYAODALIANGZENGJIATAIWANJISHURENYUAN。SUOYI,NANYUE“NONGYEBUZHANG”DUIMEIGUOBIAOSHI,BUXIANGYINCIZAIZENGJIAZAINANYUEGUOMINDANGJISHURENYUAN,YUSHIJUEDINGJUJUEGUOMINDANGDEJIANYI。(70)

 

HUASHENGDUNYEZHUYIDAONANYUEMINZHONGDEPAIHUAQINGXUHEXIGONGDUIGUOMINDANGDEFANGFANXINLI,RENWEINANYUEBUYUANYIGUODUOJIESHOUGUOMINDANGDEJINGJIHEJUNSHIYUANZHUSHIYINWEI“ZHONGZU”YINSUZUOSUI。(71)DANYOUYUGUOMINDANGZAIYUENANDEXINGDONGNENGJIMEIGUODAILAIHAOCHU,MEIGUOYELECIBUPIDIXIEDIAOTAIWANHENANYUEZHIJIANDEGUANXI,WEIGUOMINDANGYUANYUECHUANGZAOBIANLITIAOJIAN。1967NIAN4YUE,WEILIAN·BANGDICENGJIANYILASIKEJINLIANGSHUOFUNANYUEJIESHOUGUOMINDANGJIHUA,MEIGUOZAITAIYUEZHIJIANJIAQIANGXIEDIAO,FANGZHITAIWANYUANZHUYUENANDEJIHUAZAISHISHIZHONGZAODAODANGE。(72)

 

SUIRANGUOMINDANGQUDAOYUENAN,FANGONGDALUDEJIHUAMEIYOUDEDAOMEIGUODEZHICHI,DANQIZHIYUANNANYUEDERECHENBINGWEIYINCIERSHAOJIAN。XIANGFAN,1965NIANYIHOU,TAIWANZUOWEIMEIGUOZAIYUANDONG“ZUIJIANDINGDEMENGYOU”JIUYIZHIYIGEZHONGFANGSHICANYUMEIGUOZAIYUENANDEXINGDONG,ERQIELIDUBUDUANJIADA,QIMUDESHIXIANGTONGGUOKUODADUIYUENANDEYUANZHUYI“TAOLAO”MEIJIANGGUANXI,ZUZHIMEIGUODUIHUAZHENGCEDEDIAOZHENG。RUQIANSUOSHU,1966NIANYUANDAN,JIANGJIESHIHEMEIGUOFUZONGTONGHANFULAIJUXINGHUITAN。SUIRANJIANGJIESHIBINGWEIFANGQICICIYOUSHUOMEIGUOJIHUI,DANSHIZAIHUITANMOWEI,TAYIFANCHANGTAIDERENWEIYUEHANXUNZONGTONGTICHUDE“HEPINGGONGSHI”SHIYIGE“BIYAODE”MINGZHIZHIJU。TAHAIBIAOSHIJIANGJIAQIANGDUIMEIGUOZAIYUENANXINGDONGDEZHICHI。(73)ZAI1966NIAN12YUEYULASIKEDEHUITANZHONG,JIANGJIESHITAIDUDEBIANHUAJIUGENGWEIMINGXIANLE。TAXIANGLASIKEBIAOSHI,GUOMINDANGCHUBINGYUENANJIANGSHIGECUOWU,YINWEIZHONGGONGYIZHIRENWEIJIEJUEYUENANWENTIJIUBIXUJIEJUETAIWANWENTI,GUOMINDANGZHIJIECANYUYUENANDEJUNSHIXINGDONGJIANGSHIZHANZHENGGUIMOKUODA。TAJUEDINGGUOMINDANGTIGONGJIYUENANDEBANGZHUJIANGZHUYAOYIZHENGZHIHEJINGJIWEIZHU,ERBUSHIJUNSHIFANGMIANDE。(74)

 

YINCI,ZAIGUOMINDANGJUNDUIBUZHIJIECANZHANDEQIANTIXIA,MEITAIZHIJIANZHUYAOTONGGUOGEZHONGQITAJIANJIEDETUJINGSHIXIANZAIYUENANZHANCHANGSHANGDEHEZUO。RU“GUOANJU”ZHUYUEDAIBIAOFUZEDUDAOQINGBAOJUHEGUOMINDANGDALUGONGZUOHUIZAIYUEHUODONG,ZHUYAORENWUSHIFAZHANDIANXUNQINGBAO、JIANTINGBEIYUEFEIJITONGXUN,BINGYUZHONGYANGQINGBAOJUJIMEIGUOJUNSHIQINGBAOJIGOULIANHECAIQUMIMIXINGDONG。TAIWANYUANYUEKONGYUNDUIYU1965NIAN11YUE25RIDIDAXIGONG,YOUKONGJUN34ZHONGDUICHENGYUANZUCHENG,SHOURENDUIZHANGWEIZHAORENXIAZHONGXIAO,CHUQIQUANDUIGONGYOUFEIXINGJUNGUAN7REN、JIXIESHI3RENHEC-46YUNSHUJI2JIA,YOUTAIWANZHUYUEJUNSHIGUWENTUANDUDAO。GUOMINDANGKONGYUNDUICANYULEKONGZHONGYUNSHUHEJIANDIERENWU,BINGZUCHENGJISHUWEIXIUDUIWU。LINGWAI,TAIWANZHONGHUAHANGKONGGONGSIYU1962NIANZAIXIGONGCHENGLI“NANXINGBANSHICHU”,JIESHOUZHONGQINGJUZAINANBEIYUECONGLINKONGTOUYUNBUDETEZHONGRENWU。XIAOGUGUOMINDANGDEBUDUIQIAOZHUANGCHENGYUENANSHIBINGZAITIANZHUJIAOSENGLVLINGDAODEBUDUIZHONGFUYI,BINGJIESHOUMEIGUOYUANZHU。MEIJUNTONGSHIHAIZAITAIWANZHONGBUZHUZHA3GEC-130YUNSHUJIZHONGDUIHEYUE3000MINGDEKONGJUNDIQINRENYUAN,GUOMINDANGZEWEIQITIGONGPEITAODEYANXICHANGDI、JIAZHANGJICHANGPAODAO、JIANLIXIULISHESHIDENGDENG。(75)JIEZHI1965NIAN5YUEXIAXUN,TAIWANZONGGONGXIANGNANYUEPAICHULE86GERENZUCHENGDENONGYEYUANZHUXIAOZU、18GERENZUCHENGDE“XINZHAN”GUWENTUAN、10RENZUCHENGDEYILIAODUI、9GERENDEDIANZHANWEIXIUDUI。CIWAI,HAIZAIDAONEIBANGZHUXUNLIAN200DUOMINGDENANYUEJUNSHIRENYUAN,MEIGUOHAICENGKAOLVRANGTAIWANCHENGDANYUANDONGDANYAOZHIZAODERENWU。(76)1966NIAN,TAIWANHAIJIANGLIANGSOUDENGLUTINGZUJIEJIMEIGUO,YIXIEZHUJIEJUENANYUEGANGKOUYONGJIDEZHUANGKUANG,BINGGONGMEIGUOHAIJUNZUOYANHAIYUNSHUZHIYONG。(77)CHUCIZHIWAI,TAIWANHAISHIRUYUEZUOZHANMEIJUNDEZHONGYAOLIAOYANGDI。20SHIJI60NIANDAIZHONGQIYIHOU,TAIWANDANGJUJIENALEDALIANGCONGXIGONGCHELIDEMEIGUOJUNSHIRENYUANJIWAIJIAOGUANDEJIASHU,RANGQIZAITAIXIANGSHOUGEZHONGYOUYU。(78)

 

AG娱乐网CHULEZHEIXIE“ZHUNJUNSHI”HEZUOZHIWAI,GUOMINDANGHAITONGGUOJINGJIHEZUODESHOUDUANYUYUENANLIANXIQILAI,YOUQISHI20SHIJI60NIANDAICHUQIMEIGUODUITAIYUANZHUKAISHISUOJIANYIHOU。TAIWANDANGJUHENZHONGSHIMEIGUOWEIYUENANZHANZHENGDEJUNSHICAIGOU,ZHUANMENZUCHENGYIGEHAIWAIJINGJICUJINWEIYUANHUIYIZENGJIATAIWANZAIMEIGUOWEIYUENANDESHANGYECAIGOUZHONGSUOZHANDEFENE。ZAIHUASHENGDUNXIANDINGCAIGOUSHANGZHIQIAN,TAIWANCONGDUIYUEMAOYIZHONGHUOLIPOFENG。(79)GUOMINDANGZAIYUENANAGYULEWANGDEJISHURENYUANZHUYAOTONGGUOMEIGUOGUOJIKAIFASHUTIGONGCAIZHENGZIZHU,TAIWANYEZHIJIETIGONGLEYIZUOFADIANZHAN、YIXIEKEBEN、ZHONGZI、FEILIAO、KUANGJIAJIANZHUHEJIAZHI80WANMEIYUANDESHANGPIN。(80)ZHEIXIEXIANGMU,BUGUANSHIJINGJIHAISHIJUNSHIDE,DOUSHIHUASHENGDUNHETAIBEIGENGJINMIDILIANZAIYIQI。

 

结语

 

AG娱乐网YUEHANXUNSHANGTAIZHIJI,ZHENGSHIJIANGJIESHINEIWAIJIAOKUNZHISHI。WAIJIAOCUOBAIHEJUNXINDONGDANGSHIDEGUOMINDANGBIXUXUNZHAOXINDESHIJIYOUSHUOMEIGUOZHICHIQI“FANGONGDALU”DEJIHUA,BINGRENWEIZHUJIANSHENGWENDEYUENANZHANZHENGJIANGWEIQIYINGDEMEIGUODESHOUKENDAILAIYICIXINDEJIHUI。RANER,SUIRANYUEZHANGUIMOBUDUANKUODA,YUEHANXUNZHENGFUZISHIZHIZHONGDOUBIMIANZHANHUOBEIRANERTONGZHONGGUOYINFAYICHANGLEISICHAOXIANZHANZHENGDECHONGTU,YINERDUOCIJUJUEGUOMINDANGSUOTICHUDEKENENGDAOZHIZHANZHENGKUODAHUADEJIHUA。JIUCIYIYIERYAN,GUOMINDANGHEMEIGUOZAIYUENANBAOYOUJIERANXIANGDUIDEZHANLVEMUBIAO。DANSHI,JIYULENGZHANMENGYOUGUANXIHEGONGTONGDEFANGONGYAOQIU,LIANGZHEYEZHANKAILEMIQIEDEHEZUO。ZAIGUOMINDANGBUZHIJIECANZHANDEQIANTIXIA,MEITAILIANHEDUINANYUESHIYIYUANZHU。1965NIANYIHOU,ZHANZHENGDESHENGWENDAOZHIMEIGUOZHENGFUZUOCHUHUANHEDUIHUAGUANXIDEZITAI(RUJIEJINDUIHUALVXING),TONGSHIYINFALEMEIGUOGUONEIGUANYUDUIHUAZHENGCEDETAOLUN。SUIRANZHEIXIEDONGXIANGSHANGWEIDAOZHIZHONGMEIGUANXISHIZHIXINGDEYANBIAN,DANTAIWANDANGJUQUESHIZHIWEIMEIGUODUIZHONGGONG“GUXI”DETIXIAN。WEILEFANGZHIDUIHUAZHENGCEDEGAIBIAN,GUOMINDANGKAISHIXIANGFANGSHEFA“BANGDING”MEIGUO,YUEZHANCHENGLETAIWANDANGJUZUZHIMEIGUODUIHUAZHENGCEGAIBIANDEYITIAOQUDAO。ZHIYAOGUOMINDANGZAIYUENANXIEZHUFANGONG,MEIGUODEDUITAIZHENGCEJIUBUKENENGHUODEGENBENXINGGAIBIAN。JIANGJIESHIXIANGJIANGTAIWANDEQIANTUYUYUENANZHANZHENGLIANJIEQILAIDENULI,SUIRANWEINENGYOUSHIMEIGUOZHICHIQIDUIZHONGGUODALUCAIQUJUNSHIXINGDONG,DANQUEQIDAOBANGDINGHUASHENGDUNYUTAIBEIZHIJIANGUANXIDEZUOYONG。DUITAIWANERYAN,YUEZHANSHIYICHANGCHONGMANBEILUNDELISHIZAOYU。

 

AG娱乐网    ZHUSHI:

    ①1963NIAN12YUE,SHIKEJIANSHIZHETAIWANDONGXIANGDEMEIGUOZHUTAI“DASHI”LAITE(Admiral Jerauld Wright)XIANGGUOWUYUANBAODAOSHUO,“JINQIMEIYOUJIXIANGBIAOMINGJIANGJIESHIZHENGKAOLVDUIDALUCAIQUGENGDAGUIMODEJUNSHIXINGDONG”。CANJIANUS Department of State,Foreign Relations of the United States,1961-1963,Vol.XXII,Washington,DC: Government Printing Office,1996,p.413,(hereafter,FRUS,with year and volume number)。

    ②ZAOZAI1961NIAN4YUE,TAIWANJUNFANGYUPIANPIDETAIBEIXIANSANXIADIQUCHENGLI“GUOGUANGZUOYESHI”,KAISHIBIKAIMEIGUODANDUNIDING“ZILI”FANGONGDALUDEZUOZHANJIHUA。WEILEYANHU“GUOGUANGJIHUA”,TAIJUNFANGHAILINGWAIZAITAIBEIXIANXINDIANBITANCHENGLI“JUGUANGJIHUASHI”,YUMEIJUNGONGTONGYANNIMEITAILIANMENGFANGONGDEZUOZHANJIHUA,JIEYIYINMANMEIFANGTAIWANZHENGZAIYUBEIDANDUXIANGDALUFADONGJINGONGDEJUNSHIYITU。CONG1961NIAN4YUE“GUOGUANGJIHUA”ZHIDINGZHI1972NIAN7YUEBEICHEXIAOWEIZHI,GAIJIHUAZONGGONGTICHU26XIANGZUOZHANJIHUA,CANMOUYANJIUDA214AN,TEBIEHUITANXIANGJIANGJIESHITIBAOYANJIUANYEDA97CIZHIDUO(QIZHONG1963NIAN、1964NIAN、1965NIANFENBIEWEI23、23、21CI)。GUANYU“GUOGUANGJIHUA”DECHENGLIQINGKUANGHEJUTIYUNZUO,KECANJIANTAIWAN“GUOFANGBUSHIZHENGBIANYISHI”DAXINGKOUSHUSHIXIANGMUCHENGGUO: 《CHENFENGDEZUOZHANJIHUA: GUOGUANGJIHUA——KOUSHULISHI》,TAIBEI: “GUOFANGBUSHIZHENGBIANYISHI”2005NIANCHUBAN。

AG娱乐网    ③CONG1961NIANQIJIUYIZHIZHUCHI“GUOGUANGJIHUA”DEZHUYUANCONGZHONGJIANGHUIYISHUO: “GUOGUANGZUOYESHIJINZHUDAPUXIAOWANBANGONGZHIHOU,MEIJUNGUWENTUANFANGMIANYIYOURENFENGWEN,PANDUANCIWEIAGYULEWANGFANGCEHUAZILIFANGONGDALUJIGOU,DANGCHUCENGYIZHISHENGJIZHENCHAAGYULEWANGYINGDI,JIYOUJIAPAICHELIANGZHICHUANGAGYULEWANGYINGDI,YIWEIDEZHIJIEJINRU,DANQIGUANZHUZHIQINGXING,AGYULEWANGCANMOUBENBUYIZHIBENZHEBUCHENGREN、WUCISHIYIDUIYING。”CANJIAN《CHENFENGDEZUOZHANJIHUA: GUOGUANGJIHUA——KOUSHULISHI》,DI12YE;DUANYUHENGJIANGJUNYEHUIYISHUO: “GUOGUANGJIHUA,SHIZAIMEIFANGDUITAIZHENGCEJINYIXIEFANGTAIPENGWEIZHUZHIZHUANGKUANGXIAJIELIMEIFANGZHIJUNJINGYUANERZILIFANGONGZHIJIMIJIHUA,ZAICIQINGKUANGXIA,MEIFANGDUIAGYULEWANGANZHONGFANGFANYUZUNAOSHENLI。”TALIEJUDUOGEMEIFANGJIANKONGGUOMINDANGJUNDUIDONGXIANGDELIZI,RUPAIFEIJIZAIGUOGUANGZUOYESHISUOZAIDIDESANXIADIQUSHANGKONGPANXUANDENG。TONGSHANGSHU,DI193—194YE。

    ④SHENMO: 《TAIWAN“HUKOUBINGBIAN”ZHIMI》,《YANHUANGCHUNQIU》1991NIANDI1QI,DI47YE。

    ⑤《JIANGJIESHIRIJI》,1964NIAN1YUE29RI,SITANFUDAXUEHUFOYANJIUSUOZANG。

AG娱乐网    ⑥Outgoing Telegram No. 812, to American Embassy in Taipei, Feb. 28, 1964, Johnson Library, National Security Files (NSF), Countries, China, Vol. 1. Telegram, Reproduced in Declassified Documents Reference System(hereafter, DDRS), Record No. CK3100360305.

AG娱乐网    ⑦1962NIAN9YUE6RI,JIANGJIESHIYUSHIRENMEIGUOZHUHUA“DASHI”AILUN·KEERKE(Admiral Alan G.Kirk)HUITANSHITONGYISHELIWEIDAIHAO“LANSHI”DEMEITAILIANHEWEIYUANHUIYIJIAQIANGSHUANGFANGDEJUTIHEZUO。“LANSHI”WEIYUANHUIFUZEYANJIUDALUYIDANFASHENGQIYI,TAIWANSHISHILIANGQIZUOZHANDENENGLI。FRUS,1961-1963,Vol.XXII,pp.306-312,342-344;GUOMINDANGGUANYUHAINANDEGUANDIAN,KECANJIANJIANGJINGGUOHEMEIGUOZHUYUEDASHIDEHUITANJI1965NIANQIANHOUDEYIXIEMEITIPINGLUN,Memorandum by Henry Cabot Lodge,May 4,1965,DDRS,CK3100157043。

    ⑧FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, p. 32.

AG娱乐网    ⑨“South Vietnamese Minister of Defence's Visit to Taiwan, ”FO 371/175987, National Archives of the United Kingdom (NAUK).

AG娱乐网    ⑩GRC Reaction to the Situation on Mainland China, May 4, 1967, NSF, Country File, China, Box 245, Lyndon Baines Johnson Library (LBJL).

AG娱乐网    (11)FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, pp. 41-49.

AG娱乐网    (12)“Guidelines of U. S. Policy towards China, ”Nov. 15, 1963, DDRS, CK3100082375.

    (13)“Embassy Cable from Taipei, ”Jul. 28, 1964, DDRS, CK3100328836;FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, pp. 81-82.

    (14)1949NIANMOZHI1950NIAN,ZAIDALUSHIBAIDEGUOMINDANGCANJUNYIBUTUIRUMIANDIAN、LAOWO、TAIGUOBIANJINGDIQU,DEDAOTAIWANDANGJUDEZHANGQIZHICHI。GUOMINDANGQITUJIXULIYONGZHEIGUCANJUNQINXISAORAOZHONGGUODALUXINANBIANJING,PEIHESHIXIANQIFANGONGJIHUA。POYUKENNIDIZHENGFUDEYALI,GUOMINDANGCONGMIANTAILAOBIANJINGCHECHULEDABUFENCANJUN,DANRENGYOUSHUQIANCANJUNCHUYUZHONGZHONGYUANYINBUKENCHECHU,CANJIANNIUDAYONG: 《MEIGUOPOSHITAIWANDANGJUCONGHUANANBIANJINGHEYANHAIDAOYUCHEBINGWENTIYANJIU》,《DANGDAIZHONGGUOSHIYANJIU》2003NIANDI4QI,DI75—84YE。

AG娱乐网    (15)《SHAOYULINJIZONGTONGFUJIYAOSHIDIAN》(1964NIAN8YUE19RI),TAIBEI: “GUOSHIGUAN”,JIANGZHONGZHENGZONGTONGWENWU(TEJIAODANGAN),DANGHAO080106,DI032JUAN,BIANHAO08A-01572。

    (16)FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, p. 84.

AG娱乐网    (17)SHENQI: 《AGYULEWANGDEYISHENG: SHENQIHUIYILU》DISIJUAN,TAIBEI: LIANJINGZONGJINGXIAO2000NIANCHUBAN,DI67—68YE。

AG娱乐网    (18)[MEI]LUOBOTE·SHIQIUQINGE: 《AODOUDENIANDAI: 1941ZHI1975NIANDEMEIYUEGUANXI》,XIDAIYUEYI,TAIBEI: MAITIANCHUBANSHE2001NIANBAN,DI215YE。

    (19)“Conversation between Henry Cabot Lodge and Chiang Ching-kuo, ” Apr. 23, 1965, DDRS, CK3100002434;“Memorandum by Henry Cabot Lodge, ”May 4, 1965, DDRS, CK3100157043.

    (20)《ZHONGGUORENMINYIDINGYAOJIEFANGTAIWAN》,《RENMINRIBAO》1965NIAN6YUE28RIDI1BAN;《SHANGHAIDENGBACHENGSHIJUXINGFANMEIDASHIWEI》,《RENMINRIBAO》1965NIAN6YUE29RIDI1BAN;《SHENGTAOMEIDIQINZHANTAIWANDESHIWEIHUODONGKUOZHANDAOXUDUOYANHAICHENGSHI》,《RENMINRIBAO》1965NIAN6YUE30RIDI1BAN;《JINIAN“LIU·ERWU”SHIWUZHOUNIANZHICHICHAOXIANRENMINFANMEIDOUZHENG》,《RENMINRIBAO》1965NIAN6YUE30RIDI5BAN。

AG娱乐网    (21)《GUOMINDANGZHONGYANGWEIYUANHUIMISHUCHUZHIWAIJIAOBUZHANGSHENCHANGHUANPIWEN》(1965NIAN7YUE10RI),《WAIJIAOBUZHIZHUMEIDASHIGUANDIANBAOGAO》(1965NIAN7YUE10RI),(TAIWAN)“WAIJIAOBU”BEIMEISIDANGAN,《JIAQIANGDUIMEIXUANCHUANAN》,(1965NIAN7YUE—1968NIAN6YUE30RI),TAIBEI: “ZHONGYANGYANJIUYUAN”JINDAISHIYANJIUSUODANGANGUANZANG,FENLEIHAO403,ANCIHAO0007。

AG娱乐网    (22)FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, pp. 190-191.

    (23)“Cable from the Department of State to Embassy in Taipei, ”Jul. 13, 1965, DDRS, CK3100572273.

AG娱乐网    (24)“Cable from Embassy in Taipei, ”Jul. 16, 1965, DDRS, CK3100125557.

AG娱乐网    (25)“Lyndon Johnson to Chiang Kai-shek, ”Jul. 26, 1965, NSF, Country File, China, Box 244, LBJL.

    (26)“Lyndon Johnson to Chiang Kai-shek, ”Jul. 26, 1965, NSF, Country File, China, Box 244, LBJL.

    (27)FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, pp. 190-191.

AG娱乐网    (28)“Memorandum from Ray Cline to McGeorge Bundy, ”Aug. 18, 1965, DDRS, CK3100488102.

AG娱乐网    (29)“Cable from Embassy in Saigon, ”Aug. 4, 1965, DDRS, CK3100476234;“CIA Intelligence Information Cable: South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky to Visit Taiwan, ”Aug. 5, 1965, DDRS, CK3100337178;“Cable Regarding U. S. Concern over South Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky's Planned Visit to Taiwan, ”Aug. 5, 1965, DDRS, CK3100508658.

AG娱乐网    (30)WANGSHICHUN: 《PIAOYISUIYUE: JIANGJUNDASHIHUXINDEZHANZHENGJISHI》,TAIBEI: LIANHEWENXUECHUBANSHE2006NIANBAN,DI235—236YE。

    (31)《CHENFENGDEZUOZHANJIHUA》,DI197—198、197—208YE;FUJIANSHENGDIFANGZHIBIANZHUANWEIYUANHUIBIAN: 《FUJIANSHENGZHI·JUNSHIZHI》,BEIJING: XINHUACHUBANSHE1996NIANDI1BAN,DI306—307YE。

AG娱乐网    (32)“CIA Brief”Aug. T. 1965, DDRS, CK3100059804.

    (33)CONG1961—1970NIAN10NIANJIAN,JIANGJIESHIGONGJUXINGLE97CIGUOGUANGJIHUA“TEBIEHUITAN”,QIZHONGQIAN5NIANJUXINGLE81CI,ZHANZONGSHUDE83.49%;ERHOU5NIANJINJUXINGLE16CI,ZHAN16.51%。CANJIAN《CHENFENGDEZUOZHANJIHUA》,DI49、61YE。

    (34)FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, pp. 209-214.

    (35)FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, pp. 216-218.

    (36)CHENZHIQI: 《MEIGUODUIHUAZHENGCESANSHINIAN》,TAIBEI: ZHONGHUARIBAOSHE1981NIANBAN,DI261YE。

AG娱乐网    (37)TAIWAN“GUOLI”ZHENGZHIDAXUEGUOJIGUANXIYANJIUZHONGXINBIAN: 《JIANGBUZHANGFANGMEIZHUANJUAN,1965》(SUOWEIJIAOJUAN),TAIBEI: “GUOLI”ZHENGZHIDAXUEGUOJIGUANXIYANJIUZHONGXINZHIZUO,1957—1969。

    (38)FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, pp. 222-223.

    (39)ZHEIXIEGUIZESHI: DIYI,GUOMINDANGJUECEZHEBIXUYIJIADINGZHONGGUODALUYIJINGFASHENGQIYIWEIQIANTIZHIDINGXIANGXIDENGLUZHONGGUOYANHAIDEJIHUA;DIER,XINGDONGJIHUABIXUJIANLIZAIGUOMINDANGXIANYOULILIANGDEJICHUSHANG,MEIGUOJUNDUIBUCANYUYEBUTIGONGRENHEWUZHIYUANZHU;DISAN,JIHUAQUANBENBIXUJIAOJIMEIFANGJIANGSHENYIBINGTICHUSHIDANGDEPIPINGHEJIANYI。GUANLIXIANGYICUOSHANGWEIMINGYIXIANZHIGUOMINDANGDUIDALUFADONGJUNSHIJINGONG。CANJIAN: FRUS,1964-1968,Vol.XXX,pp.226-227。

    (40)Ibid. , p. 228, footnote 2.

    (41)1965NIAN10YUE15RIJIANGJINGGUOZAI“LIFAYUAN”DEBAOGAO。ZHUANYINZIJohn W.Garver,The Sino-American Alliance: Nationalist China and American Cold War Strategy in Asia,Armonk,N.Y.: M.E.Sharpe,1997,p.213。

    (42)FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, pp. 224-226.

AG娱乐网    (43)FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, pp. 231-232.

    (44)“NLO's Call on CHIEF of US MAAG, Major General K. O. Sanborn, ”May 5, 1964, FO 371/175987, NAUK.

AG娱乐网    (45)FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, pp. 234-237.

    (46)Ibid. , pp. 238-239.

    (47)FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, pp. 242-245, 247.

    (48)YUEHANXUNZONGTONGDEGUOJIAANQUANSHIWUTEBIEZHULIMAIQIAOZHI·BANGDI(McGeorge Bundy)HOULAIZAIKOUSHUSHIZHONGYETANDAO,YINFATONGZHONGGUODEZHANZHENGSHIYUEHANXUNSUOYOUZHENGCEDEDIXIAN,CANJIAN“Transcript,McGeorge Bundy Oral History Special Interview II,”Nov.10,1993,by Robert Dallek,Electronic Copy,LBJL.

AG娱乐网    (49)CHENJIAN、HESIBOGE: 《YUEZHANCHUQIZHONGMEIZHIJIANTESHUDE“XINXICHUANDI”》,《SHILIN》2004NIANDI1QI,DI106—125YE。

AG娱乐网    (50)FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, pp. 256-259.

AG娱乐网    (51)Ibid.,pp.259-260.1965NIAN12YUECHU,MEIGUOGUOFANGBUCENGKAOLVZAITAIWAN、FEILVBIN、TAIGUOSHEB52HONGZHAJIJIDI,CANJIAN“DOS Considers Additional B-52 Base either in Taiwan,Philippines,or Thailand,”Dec.7,1965,DDRS,CK3100002148.

AG娱乐网    (52)《CHENFENGDEZUOZHANJIHUA》,DI48YE。

    (53)ZHAIQIANG: 《YUENANZHANZHENGHEYUEHANXUNDUIHUAZHENGCE》,《LENGZHANGUOJISHIYANJIU》2008NIANDI3 QI,DI98—116YE。

    (54)TINGZHENGHUIDEZHUYAOZHENGCICANJIAN: China,Vietnam,and the United States: Highlights of the Hearings of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee,Washington: Public Affairs Press,1966。

AG娱乐网    (55)Ibid. , pp. 15-31.

AG娱乐网    (56)“Mc Conaughy to Department of State: Diplomatic Reactions to Presidential Speech, ”July 16, 1966, NSF, Country File, China, Box 11, LBJL.

AG娱乐网    (57)“Hummel to Department of State, Taipei, ”Apr. 6, 1966, NSF, Country File, China, Box 239, LBJL.

AG娱乐网    (58)FRUS,1964-1968,Vol.XXX,p.279.MEIGUOZHUTAI“DASHI”LAITEYU1965NIAN7YUEYIXIUJIAWEIYOUFANHUIMEIGUO,CIHOUMEIGUO“ZHUHUADASHI”ZHIWEIZHANGQIKONGXUAN,ZHIZHI1966NIAN6YUEMAKANGWEI(Walter P.Mc Conaughy)CAIJIERENMEIGUOZHUTAI“DASHI”。ZAICIQIJIAN,MEIGUOZHUTAISHIGUANYOU“DAIBAN”HENGANSHILIAOLIRICHANGSHIWU,GUOMINDANGDUICIJIWEIBUMAN。CANJIAN: 《JIANGBANGDUIMEI“DASHI”ZHANGQILITAIBUMAN》,《CANKAOXIAOXI》1966NIAN3YUE10RIDI3BAN。

    (59)“Intelligence Memorandum: Growing Pessimism Among Nationalist Chinese Leaders, ”May 17, 1966, NSF, Country File, China, Box 240, LBJL.

AG娱乐网    (60)GONGCHANG: 《ZHONGHUAMINGUOZHUYUEAGYULEWANGGUWENTUAN: YIDUANSHILUODEJUNYUANYUENANMISHI》,(TAIWAN)《QUANQIUFANGWEIZAZHI》2003NIAN6YUEHAO,DI88—95YE。

    (61)LIUXIAOPENG: 《CONGFEIZHOUWEICHIMEITAILIANMENG: ZHONGXINJIANSHI“XIANFENGAN”》,《TAIWANSHIYANJIU》,DI14JUANDI2QI(2007NIAN6YUE),DI163YE。

AG娱乐网    (62)NILUO: 《WANGSHENG: XIANYIYUANBUZHIXIONGZHONG》,TAIBEI: SHIJIEWENWUCHUBANSHE1995NIANBAN,DI308—320YE;CHENZUYAO: 《GUPENGXIEZHEN》,TAIBEI: SANMINSHUJUGUFENYOUXIANGONGSI2002NIANCHUBAN,DI166YE。

    (63)GONGCHANG: 《ZHONGHUAMINGUOZHUYUEAGYULEWANGGUWENTUAN: YIDUANSHILUODEJUNYUANYUENANMISHI》,DI88—95YE。

AG娱乐网    (64)“Excerpts from Secretary Rusk's Conversation with President Chiang Kai-shek, ”Apr. 16, 1964, DDRS, CK3100087397;“Alfred Jenkins' Memo to Walt Rostow, ”Mar. 7, 1967, DDRS, CK3100111047.

    (65)The Republic of China and Vietnam, May 4, 1967, in Briefing Book for the Visit of Chia-kan Yen, NSF, Country File, China, Box 245, LBJL;Special National Intelligence Estimate (SNIE)No. 10-3-66, May 19, 1966, DDRS, CK3100574233.

AG娱乐网    (66)C. P. Fitzgerald, China and Southeast Asia since 1945, Camberwell, Vic. : Longman Australia, 1973, p. 13.

AG娱乐网    (67)ZHAOQINA: 《CONGYUENANGUOJIFAANZHIJIAOSHEKANAGYULEWANGGUODUIYUENANHUAQIAOZHENGCE(1956—1957)》,TAIBEI: “ZHONGYANGYANJIUYUAN”2001NIAN,ZHUANYINZILIUXIONG: 《SHIXIZHANHOUDONGNANYAHUAQIAOSHEHUIBIANQIANZHONGDELENGZHANYINSU》,《QIUSHIXUEKAN》2011NIANDI5QI,DI152—156YE。

AG娱乐网    (68)NILUO: 《WANGSHENG: XIANYIYUANBUZHIXIONGZHONG》,TAIBEI: SHIJIEWENWUCHUBANSHE1995NIANBAN,DI310YE。

    (69)《YUENANCHUXIAN“FANHUARENJIANSHANGYUNDONG”DENILIU》,HAIWAIQIAOQINGFEIQINGCANKAOZILIAO(DIYIHAO),(GUOMINDANG)ZHONGYANGWEIYUANHUIDISANZUBIANYIN,1964NIAN8YUE8RI,TAIBEI: ZHONGGUOGUOMINDANGZHONGYANGWEIYUANHUIDANGSHIHUIZANG,LEIHAO718/302。

    (70)“The Republic of China and Vietnam”, May 4, 1967, NSF, Country File, China, Box 245, LBJL.

AG娱乐网    (71)FRUS, 1964-1968, Vol. XXX, p. 555;“Analysis of Free World Assistance to South Vietnam, ”Feb. 26, 1965, DDRS, CK3100187578.

    (72)“William Bundy to the Secretar, ”May 6, 1967, NSF, Country File, China, Box 241, LBJL.

    (73)“Summary of Conversation with the Leadership of Japan, Philippines, Republic of China, and Korean, ”Dec. 28, 1965, to Jan. 2, 1966, NSF, Name File, Box 4, LBJL.

AG娱乐网    (74)“The Republic of China and Vietnam, ”May 4, 1967, NSF, Country File, China, Box 245, LBJL.

    (75)GONGCHANG: 《ZHONGHUAMINGUOZHUYUEAGYULEWANGGUWENTUAN: YIDUANSHILUODEJUNYUANYUENANMISHI》,DI88—95YE。“The Republic of China and Vietnam,”May 4,1967,NSF,Country File,China,Box 245,LBJL.;Nancy Bernkopf Tucker,“Threats,Opportunities,and Frustrations in East Asia,”in Warren I.Cohen and Nancy Bernkopf Tucker,eds.,Lyndon Johnson Confronts the World: American Foreign Policy,1963-1968,Cambridge Univerity Press,1994,pp.112-113.

    (76)“Analysis of Free World Assistance to South Vietnam, ”Feb. 26, 1965, DDRS, CK3100187578;Free World Aid to Viet-Nam, May 26, 1965, DDRS, CK3100436161.

AG娱乐网    (77)(TAIWAN)“WAIJIAOBU”BEIMEISIDANGAN,《MEIXIANGAGYULEWANGJIEDENGLUTINGAN》,1966NIAN1—12YUE,TAIBEI: “ZHONGYANGYANJIUYUAN”JINDAISHIYANJIUSUODANGANGUANZANG,FENLEIHAO426.3,ANCIHAO0002。

    (78)(TAIWAN)“WAIJIAOBU”BEIMEISIDANGAN,《MEIZHUYUEGUANBINGZAIHUAXIANGSHOUDAIYUAN》,1965NIAN3YUE1RI—1968NIAN8YUE,TAIBEI: “ZHONGYANGYANJIUYUAN”JINDAISHIYANJIUSUODANGANGUANZANG,FENLEIHAO426.1,ANCIHAO0077、0078。

    (79)GENJUGUOMINDANGGUANFANGTONGJI,JIN1964NIANSHANGBANNIAN,TAIWANXIAOWANGYUENANDECHANPINZONGZHIJIUDA3000WANMEIYUAN,CANJIAN(TAIWAN)“WAIJIAOBU”YADONGTAIPINGYANGSIDANGAN,《MEIGUOQIAQINGZIYOUSHIJIEGEGUOGONGTONGYUANYUEKANGGONGJIANBAOAN》,1964NIAN7—8YUE,TAIBEI: “GUOSHIGUAN”,XIANZANGYIZHUANSHILIAO,MULUHAO172-8,JUANHAO0596-4。

    (80)“The Republic of China and Vietnam, ”May 4, 1967, NSF, Country File, China, Box 245, LBJL.



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