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DAIHAIBIN: “JIADINGZHIBIAN”YUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYIZHUWENTIKAOLUN

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ZHAIYAO: GUANYUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYIDEJIYOUYANJIU,ZAITAOLUNQIYUANLIUYANBIANSHIDUOZHUYIDAOTU/KE、MIN/YUE、SHANGHAI/ZHOUBIAN、NONGMIN/YOUMIN、HUIDANG/NONGMINWUZHUANGDENGDUOZHONGFUZAGUANXI,DANZAIXUSHISHIWEITUCHUGEMINGJIEJI“LIANHEDOUZHENG”DEYIYI,WANGWANGYOUGUOFENQIANGDIAOQIZUZHI、XINGZHIDETONGYIXING,RENWEIGEGUQIYILILIANGZHIJIANCUNZAIZHETONGYIBUZHI、BICIYUEDING、XIANGHUZHIYUANDETONGMENGGUANXI,QILINGDAORENWULIWAIDIDOUSHUYUTIANDIHUICHENGYUAN。WENZHANGKAODING“JIADINGZHIBIAN”JIQILINGDAORENZHOULICHUNDEXIANGGUANSHISHI,DUIQIANSHUOYUYIXIUZHENG,BINGSHITUZHUIWEN——LISHISHANGSHIFOUSHIJICUNZAIGUOYIGENANGKUOGEGULILIANG、XINGCHENGZHENGTIBUJUDE“TONGYIDESHANGHAIXIAODAOHUI”?

 

GUANJIANCI: SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYI JIADINGZHIBIAN ZHOULICHUN LUOHANDANG

 

160年前上海小刀会起义,除上海县城为主战场外,周边嘉定、宝山、青浦、南汇、川沙等地亦烽火燃烧,而最早发生的嘉定起义被研究者公认为上海小刀会起义的先导,并极大推动了革命形势的扩张与高涨。亲历事变的嘉定绅士王汝润在日记中写道: “嘉定之变,莫大于咸丰三年七、八月间青浦周烈春(作者按: 即立春)谋反。”①在一些论者看来,“作者系地主阶级出身,对起义颇多诽谤”,但这一份从地方视角提供的历史记忆,或也可以为宏大的革命史补白。上海小刀会起义过程中,很明显存在两种性质不同的起义,一是上海附近各县的农民起义,一是上海县城内的游民起义,两者之间则“互相联接,互相声援,但又有各自发动的原因和过程”。②概言之,上海县城中以粤、闽、浙籍客帮人为主的队伍与活跃于周边乡村市镇的本籍民众都曾卷入这场起义风暴,后者则以嘉定县南部的南翔、青浦县塘湾和两县交界处的黄渡为风暴眼,活跃于当地以周立春、徐耀等人为首的地方力量构成了上海县城之外起义队伍的骨干。关于他们的历史,长久来被革命化的宏大叙事所笼罩,他们的实际作为及施于地方的影响,诸多环节仍然模糊,若重新检视史料,实有不少问题值得进一步讨论。

 

一、周立春是否经刘丽川动员加入天地会?——兼谈地方志史料的利用问题

 

“上海小刀会起义”这一出于今人定义的名词,实际包含丰富的历史信息,究其源流,极端复杂,而人员构成,有谓“帮中有派,帮外有派”,③至于起义过程也是分分合合,一波三折,远非单一线索可以概括。已有的历史叙事为突出革命阶级“联合斗争”的意义,往往过分强调他们在组织和性质上的“统一性”,如谓: “上海的刘丽川、潘起亮和嘉定、青浦的周立春、徐耀等劳动人民的领袖和兴安泉漳会馆董事李仙云等,结成反对清朝封建统治和反对帝国主义的革命联盟。这个革命的秘密组织就是小刀会。”④罗尔纲著《太平天国史》为周立春立有专传,谓其“加入上海小刀会,与刘丽川等同谋革命”、“为着赶快响应太平天国,决定发动苏南农民和上海市民在八月起义”。⑤郭豫明专著《上海小刀会起义史》,据档案线索指出“上海小刀会”内部实际存在着以周立春为首和另一个以刘丽川为首的两个派系。这是一个非常有价值的发现,惜郭先生只是在一条注释中简略处理了这条资料,⑥并未继续追索史实,该书的论证仍然以周立春为小刀会一员作为前提,认为起义前夕周立春已经“在刘丽川的动员下”加入了天地会,“这样上海小刀会就同青浦等地农民建立了联系,并在他们之中扩张自己的队伍,从而壮大了力量”。⑦周育民、邵雍所著《中国帮会史》侧重讨论上海小刀会起义前夕帮会的分布和演变情况,以嘉定罗汉党为土著力量,而将青浦周立春纳入广东帮天地会势力范围,也认为各帮派及秘密结社相互结合,“最终形成了统一的上海小刀会”。⑧2003年王继杰、黄岸青的论文更多注意到周立春队伍“在抗租抗赋斗争过程中形成壮大”这一社会背景,对其初期是否已经是天地会或“帮”、“党”、“堂”等秘密社会组织表示怀疑,一个重要理由是,“在小刀会起义之前的武装对抗过程中,官方并未以会党视之,虽然,他们在民间承担了与之相仿的职能”;不过,该文仍然延续了嘉定起义者与上海县城的小刀会“达成联盟”的传统观点,相应举证包括二者“约期举事”、周立春“在上海县城小刀会起义的第二天率兵四千前来支援”,等等。⑨那么,事实是否真的如此呢?

 

周立春最早与广东天地会发生联系,学界公认缘于当地鸦片贩运引起的一次土客冲突。咸丰三年六月(1853年7月),广东嘉应州公所董事、天地会成员李绍熙(又名少卿)⑩由上海贩运一批鸦片烟至苏州,途经青浦黄渡镇,为当地监生金仁保率众劫夺。李绍熙往见周立春,求还所掠,周遂命金仁保等人将鸦片烟土悉数归还。关于这点,多种史料都有相类似的记载,其中成文最早、叙事最详的诸成琮《桑梓闻见录》对这件事的结果仅谓“广人素闻烈春名,至是益信其为众所折服。其魁王国初、李少卿遂深相结,推以为主”,(11)并未语及周立春结交刘丽川、归附天地会等。

 

前揭著述论周立春加入天地会,常引材料主要来自地方志。如民国《黄渡续志》中有“李深德之,导立春赴沪,与刘丽川相接纳”等语。(12)又光绪十年刊刻的《松江府续志》记: “是年(1853)七月,广匪李某贩烟土至吴淞被抢,愬于周,周令还货。李说周结连刘逆,亦附名添弟会。于是宝山孟培等四五百人推周为首,嘉定之陷,潘贼助焉。”(13)其实,若细致梳理,可发现类似“附名添弟会”的记载还出现在更早的地方文献中。光绪五年《青浦县志》载:

 

SHIBINGBEIDAOWUJIANZHANGZHAOGUANGYONG,SIHAOSHUANGDAOHUIDANG。ZHIXIANYUANZUDEZHAOMINYONG,SIHAONIAODANG。YISHENZHAOXIANGYONG,SIHAOBAILONGDANG。GEWEIBAOHU。QIYUELIFEIFANTUZHIWUSONGBEIQIANG,WANGSUYUZHOU,ZHOULINGHAIHUO。LISHUOZHOUWANGHU,JIELIANLIUNI,FUMINGTIANDIHUI,SUIRUDANG。YOUPANMOUHAOXIAOJINGZI,ZHAOJIFEITU,WEIBAILONGDANGKUI,YUBAOSHANFEIMENGFUDENGSIWUBAIREN,TUIZHOUWEISHOU,YUEQIJUSHI。(14)

 

TONGZHISHIYINIAN《SHANGHAIXIANZHI》ZAI:

 

XUNDAOWUJIANZHANGZHAOGUANGDONGXIANGYONG,SHUXIANYUANZUDEYIXINGHUAHUIGUANDONGSHILIXIANYUNZHAOFUJIANXIANGYONG,GEWEIBAOHU。YOUYOUWULAIPANMOU[HAOXIAOJINGZI,JIANGNINGJI]ZUOSHIXIYU,HUOYANYULING,WEIHESHIPAN,BILIANYONGZISHU。PANSUIJIELIANLIUNIJICHENALIN、CHENALIU、LINAFU、LIXIANCHI、LISHAOXI、LISHUANGXUAN,JUQUNBUCHENGZHITU,FUMINGTIANDIHUI,HUNZACHENGXIANG。CHUSANRI,QINGPULUANMINZHOULICHUNDENGGONGXIANJIADING。(15)

 

对比上面几段引文,不难看出地方志类型的文献记事多有因袭和舛讹。年代最早的《上海县志》记“附名添弟会”为“潘某”,即潘起亮,而径直呼周立春为“青浦乱民”,与小刀会并不相干。晚出的《青浦县志》则以周立春为附天地会者,并加上了潘起亮等“推周为首,约期举事”的情节。更晚的《松江府续志》相关文字几乎全袭自《青浦县志》。同一事情,记载混淆竟至于此,其难以凭信可知矣。旧方志的问题除了文字因袭、史源不明外,编纂者固有的乡邦本位最易产生流弊,此种影响,只要看《上海县志》和《青浦县志》中记“附名添弟会”一节时的潘、周易位,就能明晰。不止于此,光绪七年刻行的《嘉定县志》甚至谓“塘湾地保周烈春乘衅聚众,上海游匪王国初、刘丽AG娱乐网川等附之”云云。(16)这一区分主力与偏师的解说,同样有将本地方意义放大的嫌疑,故不值得信任。

 

LUNZHEYOUDUOWEIZHOULICHUNYUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUILIANLUO,YUEQIJUSHI,SHANGHAIFANGMIANSUI“PAILISHAOXIHENINGBORENWANGGUOCHUDENGQIANWANGHUANGDU,GONGSHANGDAJI,XIANCONGJIADINGJIEKAIYIQI,DUOQUXIANCHENG,ZAIZAISHANGHAIQISHI,KUODAZHANGUO”;(17)“LIYONGLENONGMINQUNZHONGYUFENGJIANGUANFUDEMAODUNRIYIJIHUADEYOULITIAOJIAN,ZHISHIZHOULICHUNXIANGONGZHANJIADINGXIANCHENG,RANHOUXIAODAOHUIZAISHANGHAIXIANCHENGJUXINGWUZHUANGQIYI”。(18)WEIZHENGMINGGEDIXIANHOUQISHISHICHUYU“YIPANQI”,MINGUO《FAHUAXIANGZHI》ZHONGDEYIDUANHUALVBEIYINYONG:

 

LINYIQINGPUZHIXIANGYOUJUDUIYAN,YUEZHOULICHUNZHE,KANGLIANGJUBU,DUONIANWEIHUO,SHANHUOXIANGYU,ZIYULIBO,SHISHIQIANRENLAIHU,ZHAOYOUZHUDAO,XIANGYUEQISHI。QIANTONGJINLINGFANI,MIQIBAYUESHILIURI,YOUSHANGHAIFADUAN。(19)

 

CHAZHEIDUANHUADELAIYUAN,SHICHUZIYUANZUZHIDE《SUIYUANSUOJI》:

 

AG娱乐网HUOZAIQINGPUZHIXIANGYOUJUDUIYAN,YUEZHOULICHUNZHE,KANGLIANGJUBU,DUONIANWEIHUO,SHANHUOXIANGYU,ZIYULICHU,SHISHIQIANRENLAIHU,ZHAOYOUZHUDAO,XIANGYUEQISHI。QIANTONGJINLINGFANI,MIQIBAYUESHILIURI,YOUSHANGHAIFADUAN。(20)

 

《随园琐记》刊印于光绪五年,作者袁祖志,字翔甫,浙江钱塘人,为小刀会起义时清上海县令袁祖悳之弟。袁祖悳为上海小刀会所杀。袁祖志对青浦、嘉定事非出于亲见,所记晚出,并不可信。类似的记载如《上海小刀会起事本末》,亦有“时青浦乡间,亦多结党横行,以周立村(春)为魁,实与小刀会呼吸相通,阴为声势,约期举事”云云。(21)这类事后记述很容易将先后发生的嘉定、上海两地起事联系起来,认为是事前约定的结果。然而,档案AG娱乐网材料中至少有两个直接的反证。一是《忆昭楼洪杨奏稿》收录的清朝官方接到的一份有关“上海嘉定情形”的探报,所记事情在嘉定起义之前,其中云:

 

CIJIANMAZHAIYOUJIAOFUAMAO,CHUJIANCHAWANGHU、CHUANGONGGAN,ZIYUCHUQIHUILAI。JUBING,CHUWUQINGXING,XIMIN、YUERENGOUJIEXIANGYONGZISHI。XIAODAOHUIFEISHOUZHEXINGLI,CENGJIUHEGUOZHOULICHUN,YUETONGJUSHI,ZHOUZHENGYANHUIJUE。(22)

 

ERSHI“SONGJIANGFUBING”,ZHEIFENWENJIANXINGCHENGYUBAYUESHIWURIQIAN,YICHENG:

 

AG娱乐网XIANZAIJIADING、SHANGHAIFEIJIEZISHI,MINJIANCHUANYAN,JIEYOUZHOULICHUNZAINEI。BEISHUFUXIJIACHAFANG,ZHISHANGYIMIN、GUANGFEISHOUYUANYUZHOULICHUNJIAOWANG,SHIRIZISHIZHISHI,CENGYUEZHOULICHUNTONGWANG,ZHOULICHUNXUERWEIQU。DADIMINGUANGFEIYUJIEZHOULICHUNWEIYUANXI,ZHOULICHUNYISHIFEITUWEISHENGSHI,JUXINCHENGBUKEWEN,ERSHIRIBINGWEITONGWANGZISHI,ZEQITIANLIANGSHANGWEIJINMEI。(23)

 

DIYIFENCAILIAOZHONGDELIXING“XIAODAOHUIFEISHOU”JIGUANGDONGRENLISHAOQING,YEJIDIERFENCAILIAOZHONGSUOSHUOYUZHOULICHUNJIAOWANGDE“SHANGYIMIN、GUANGFEI”ZHIYI,TAZAIJIADINGQIYIQIANYIJINGFANHUISHANGHAI。CONGLIANGFENCAILIAOKAN,LIQUECENG“JIUHEGUOZHOULICHUN”,BINGYOUYIYINZHOULICHUNSHILIZHISHANGHAI,DANBINGWEISHIXIAN。

 

为论证周立春与刘丽川的“联盟”关系,论者经常举的一个例子是上海县小刀会起义后次日,周立春就亲率4000人大队赶来支援。其出处为《上海小刀会起事本末》咸丰三年八月初六日记事: “初六日,青浦周立村(春)率兵四千来上海,见闽、广两党不和,遂去。”(24)罗尔纲撰《周立春传》进而认为“地主阶级分子”写的“见闽、广两党不和,遂去”乃是歪曲事实,故采信《北华捷报》(1853年9月10日第163期)所说“大批从嘉定和青浦来的人,在周立春的率领下加入广东帮的战斗队伍”的报道,坚持使用如下表述: “上海义旗一举,立春亲自率领嘉定和青浦的起义农民四千人前来加入刘丽川的战斗队伍。”(25)周立春队伍哪怕真到过上海,也没有任何材料可以支持说他们参加过当地战斗。而对于到过上海的说法,至少仍有两点值得怀疑: (1)八月初三攻嘉定城之起义军人数,从“百余人”到“三千余人”,记载不一,郭豫明经辨析取“大约是二三千人”一说。(26)占据城后,城门及各水旱关口不容有失,防守需人,即使曾召集乡民、扩充兵力,周立春也不可能在极短时间抽调4000人队伍赴援上海。(2)有不少材料表明,嘉定政权成立后,周立春虽封“提督本标全部大元帅”、“统理军机”,实际上并未坐镇嘉定县城,而是一度返回青浦黄渡老巢,(27)在嘉定指挥攻防及北上太仓者实为“元帅”王国初、“军师”杜文藻等人。(28)周立春直接领导的军事行动是八月十五日(9月17日)率队攻占青浦县城,人数则不过“四百余人”或“五六百人”,且俱为青浦土著。(29)因嘉定城防吃紧,王国初“遣人至黄渡迎立春复嘉定,筹战守,立春许之”,十八日(9月20日)返嘉定“劳军”,次日吴县知县丁国恩即调兵攻城。二十日城破,周立春被捕,旋解往苏州遭杀害。综上来看,周立春本人很少直接带兵,而且喜在青浦老家活动,说他曾带4000人大队至上海,实难凭信。

 

另外,还有两点不能不提: 一是占领嘉定后起义军以“义兴公司”的名义发布告示,一是清军后来从周家搜出“明帝朱洪竹”等红色牌位。郭豫明据此认为,“周立春与刘丽川相接纳才入会,而刘丽川原系天地会,周立春加入的是天地会,也可理解”。(30)笔者对此看法有所保留。周立春与刘丽川有无直接联系,前文已有论证。他从李绍熙处了解天地会的情况是可能的,然而作为新成立的农民政权借用天地会组织的一些形式,与周立春是否正式加入天地会以及嘉定、上海两地政权是否同盟关系,仍是性质不同的两个问题。

 

二、周立春与罗汉党关系的几点辨正

 

AG娱乐网XIANYOUYANJIUZHUSHUFANLUNJI“JIADINGRENMINWUZHUANGQIYI”,YIBANBIAOSHUWEILIANGCI: DIYICIWEIQIYUESHISANRI(8YUE17RI)ZHANLINGJIADINGXIANCHENG,HUIHUAIXIANSHU,SHIFANGBEIJIANFANREN;DIERCIWEIBAYUECHUSANRI(9YUE5RI)ERDUZHANLINGXIANCHENG,FABU“YIXINGGONGSI”GAOSHI,CHENGLIGEMINGZHENGQUAN。DIYICIXINGDONGYOULUOHANDANGRENFAQI,SUOJIEJIUZHEYIWEILUOHANDANGREN。ERYOULUNZHEWEILUOHANDANGSHIXIAN“TONGQINGPUZHOULICHUNDENGSHANGYI,ZHUNBEICHONGRUXIANCHENG,ZHIJIEJIANGXUYAODENGRENJIUCHU”;(31)YIYOURENWEIZHEISHI“ZHOULICHUNYUSHANGHAIXIANCHENGNEIDEXIAODAOHUIJIANLILELIANXI”HOUDEZHUDONGCHUJI,“TALIANLUOJIADINGDELUOHANDANGFADONGLEDIYICIWUZHUANGQIYI,GONGRUJIADINGXIANCHENG,JIUCHULUOHANDANGSHOULINGXUYAODENGREN”,“ZHOULICHUNCANJIATIANDIHUIZHIHOU,YU1853NIAN8YUELIANLUOJIADINGDELUOHANDANGFADONGLEWUZHUANGQIYI,GONGRUJIADINGXIANCHENG,JIUCHULUOHANDANGSHOULINGXUYAOHOU,MASHANGCHELI”,DENGDENG。(32)

 

LUOHANDANGSHIYIJIADINGNANXIANGWEIJIDIDEHUIDANG,YU1853NIANXIAJIANYOUCHENMUJIN、XUYAODENGRENCHUANGLIYUNANXIANGXIANSHIMIAO(YOUMINGXIANSHUIMIAO)。GAIMIAOZHUCHISHENGCHUANBEIFUHOUCENGGONGCHENG: “SHANGNIAN(XIANFENGSANNIAN)LIUYUE,YOUSUSHIDENANXIANGRENXUYAODENGERBAIRENDAOMIAO,TONGSENGRENJIEBAIXIONGDI,GONGERSHIYUZHUO,SENGZAIDISHIZHUOZUOZHU,MENGTIESHANGDIBAMING,JIAOLUOHANDANG。”(33)QIDANGYOU500REN,ANFOJIAO“WUBAIALUOHAN”ZHISHUODEMING,“SANCHUPENGANMIAO、CHENDIAN、ZHENRUDIFANG,HENGXINGNANXIANGZHENSHANG,XIEDOUSHAREN,BUYIERZU”。(34)DANGNIANCHENMUJIN、XUYAOFENBIEYINDAOJIEJURENWANGHENGJIAHENANXIANGDADESIZHUCHIGUANZHIBEIGUANJUBU,QIUYUMULONG,ZAIXIANYAQIANSHIZHONG。QIYUESHISANRI(8YUE17RI),LUOHANDANGZHANGCHANGYIN、FENGHONGDENGJUJIXIANGMINQIANYUREN,CHIXIEYONGRUJIADINGXIANCHENG,YIJUJIUCHUCHEN、XUDENGREN,YOUSHIFANGJIANFAN,QIANGHUIXIANYA,ZHIXIANFENGHANTAODUNBUFAN。JUHOULAISHULIZHIXIANDEZHENGYANGJINGBAOGAO:

 

AG娱乐网QIEZHAOJIADINGXIANQIANYOUZEIFEICHENMUJIN,JIUYUEWU、LIUBAIRENCHUANGLILUOHANHUIMINGMU,DAOCHUQIANGJIE,JINGSHIZHUJURENWANGHENGBINGKONGYOUAN。FENGLINGNAHUO,GONGRENBUHUI,BINGQIYOUYUANZANG,YUSENGGUANZHIANNEIQIANGFANXUYAODENGYIBINGSHOUJIN。GAIFEIDANGJIUYUEDUOREN,YUSHANGNIANQIYUESHISANRIJINCHENGJIEYU,JIANGCHENMUJINJIEHUI,FUDAOXIANSHUBANQIANGYINYANG。(35)

 

AG娱乐网XUYAODETONGANFANSUNWEIYECHENCICHUYU,BINGCANJIALEDIERCIJIADINGQIYI,YUJIADINGCHENGPOHOUZAIDUBEIBU。TAZAIGONGCIZHONGCHENGREN:

 

JINNIANERYUEERSHIJIURI,XUYAOQIYI,JIUYUEXIAODETONGZHUYU、CHENXIAN、GUYINFANG、GANWEI,HAIYOUBUSHIXINGMINGERSHIYUREN,WANGQIANGDADESISENGRENGUANZHIZHIJIAHUOSHENWU。SENGGUANZHIBAOAN,YUSANYUECHUSANRIXIANCHAJIANGXIAODEBINGZHUYUDENGHUOAN,XUYAOSHICHUWURINADAODE,JUZHUANGMULONG。QIYUECHUSAN,YOUZHANGCHANGYINJIUREN,BAXUYAOBINGXIAODELIURENZAIMULONGZINEIJIECHU。ZHANGCHANGYINFUJIUXIAODEMENDUORENJIEYU,QIANGHUIXIANSHU。(36)

 

AG娱乐网QIYUESHISANRIZHIXIANFENGHANCHUTAO,DOULIUSHENGCHENG,“ZISHIXIANWULINGYINZHESHIYURI”。(37)JIADINGXIANCHENGSHIJICHUZAIWUZHENGFUZHUANGTAI,CHIZHIQIYUEERSHIQIRI(8YUE17RI)ZHENYANGXIANZHISHIZHENGYANGJINGSHIBEIPAIJIANLIJIADINGXIANSHI。ZAICIQIJIAN,NANXIANGLUOHANDANGYOULIANGCIJINRUJIADINGXIANCHENG。JUZHENGYANGJINGBAO,“GAIFEIDENGYIGUANBUHUIREN,FUYUSHISI、SHIQIDENGRI,LIANGCIJINCHENG,YUSIQIANGLVE”。(38)DUIYULUOHANDANGDEZUOWEI,SHIRENYELIUYOUXIANGXIDEJIZAI:

 

AG娱乐网SHISANRI,JIADINGXIANGMINYUNANXIANGLUOHANHUIJIUJIQIANYUREN,SHOUCHIQIXIERUCHENG,JIANGJIANFANJIMULONGSHIZHONGZHIFANJINJIEJIEQU。XIANGUANTAOBIMINJIAN,SHUNEIYINQIANYISHIJINJIEQIANGQU,JIAHUOSHENWUJINJIEHUIHUAI,YIWUWANJU。

 

SHISIRI,FUYOULAILIUQIBAIREN,XIANGDIANDANGYAOQUQIANLIU、QISHIQIANWEN。

 

AG娱乐网SHIQIRI,YOULAIQIANYUREN,PANJUSIMEN,JINGYOUTOUMUCHUMIANYAOFANSHIQIAN,BINGYAOZHOUDAOXIANANMINGAOSHI。YINCIYOUJIQIANERBAIQIANWEN。BUTINGCHUSHI,SHIXINGTUIQU。(39)

 

AG娱乐网SHANGSHUSANFANGMIANCAILIAOKEYIHUXIANGYINZHENG,QIZHONGDOUMEIYOUSHEJIZHOULICHUN。KAOLVDAOZHOUSHIWEIBAYUECHUSANJIADINGQISHISHOUFAN,RUGUOTAYUQIYUESHISANRIJIEYUANYOUGUANXI,ZAIGUAN、ZAIMINDOUBUKENENGYIDIANBUTI,GUKEQUEDING“SHISANRIJIADINGXIANXIANGMINJUZHONGRUCHENG,CHAISHUZONGQIU,SHILIU、QIRIYOUZHI,RENSHUYUZHONG,GECHIQIXIE”(40)DENGQING,SHISHILUOHANDANGDANDUXINGDONG,ZHOULICHUNBINGWEICANYU。

 

YOUGUANLUOHANDANGYUZHOULICHUNDEJIEHE,ZHUCHENGCONG《SANGZIWENJIANLU》JI: “XUYAODENGZIMULONGCHU,JIGUILIECHUN,YUEYOUWUBAIYUREN。DUWENZAO、SUNWANTANGMOUYUE: AGYULEWANGZHONGYIJU,SHIBUKESAN,JIADINGWUBEI,KEXIERQU,RANHOUXUYISUOXIANG。”(41)《HUANGDUXUZHI》JI: “YAOJICHUYU,JIZHIHUANGDU,YUELICHUNKERIQISHI,LICHUNSHANGYOUYUBUJUE,DUWENZAO、SUNWANTANGDENGLICHIZHI,SUIDING。”(42)YIYOUZHUSHUDUOJUCIZHANKAI,RENWEICHENMUJIN、XUYAODENGCHUYUHOU,LIJIYIFUYUQINGPUZHOULICHUNSHILI,YOUJINGZHOUSHIZHOUBIANMULIAOCEDONG,SUIDINGJIDAJU,LUOHANDANG、ZHOULICHUNJIMIN、GUANGJIXIAODAOHUIZHONGJINGGUOJIHUIBAIMENG、JIQIJUSHI,YOUCI“JIANGJIADING、QINGPU、SHANGHAIDENGDIDEFANQINGLILIANGJUJIZAIYIQI,WEIZAIJIADINGJUXINGQIYIMAICHULEJUYOUJUEDINGYIYIDESHIJIBUZHOU”。(43)RANER,ZHEIYANGDEXUSHIGUOYUJIANDAN,BINGYOUSHISHIZHICHU。ZHEILIYOUBIYAOXIANGYINJIANSHUJIADINGZHIXIANZHENGYANGJINGDEYIFENBINGBAO:

 

AG娱乐网GAIFANZIZHISHENFANZHONGZUI,JITAOZHINANXIANG,KOUCHENGCIFANDAQIANG,BIYOUDABINGQIANLAIHUINA,FEIJIUJIDUORENBANGZHU,DUANWUSHENGLI。SUICHUANTONGGAICHUDIGUNWANGXING、SUNXINGDENG,SICHUJIUHE,YUEYOUYIQIANYURENZHIDUO。GAIFANCHENMUJINFUWANGSHANGHAI,QIUMIN、GUANGRENQIANLAIRUHUI。JIYUQIYUEERSHISI、WU、LIURI,ZAINANXIANGMIAO,ZAISHAZHUYANG,JIQIYANYIN,SHAXUEWEIMENG,MINGWEIQIXIN,YICHENGSANDAOHUI。GERENTOUZHAHONGJIN,GUIFUDIXIA,BUZHIKOUZUOHEYU,JINGSHUSHIZHIJIUCAILIQILAI。GUANZHEDANLIE,WENZHEXINJING。BINGWENQIANYUESHIQIRIFENFENJINCHENGZINAO,GAIFANYIZAIQIZHONG,QIEKOUCHENGQIANGLVEDAHU,YOUJIADINGDAOTAICANG,YILUDAQIANG,TOUBENJIANGNINGZEIYINGERQUDENGYU。

 

XIANJIAYIDAHUFENFENQIANYI,SHENYOUMUJIQISHIERBUGANYANZHE,KONGQIBAOFUGUYE。TUFEISHIYANYIZHICIJI。XINGMIN、GUANGLAIZHESANSHIYUREN,CHAZHIBEIZHIXINRENCIDI,POYOUXIANGQING,BUKENRUHUI,YIYUERSHIJIURIJINGNANXIANGRENGUJIAOSONGHUISHANGHAI。GAIFANJIANMINGUANGRENQU,FUWANGQINGPUJIUHEFEILEIJIUYUAN,YIJINGYUNXU,DANGYUGENGDUO。(44)

 

AG娱乐网CICHU“GAIFAN”ZHIJIEYUCHUTAODECHENMUJIN、XUYAODENGREN,JUZHENGYANGJINGDEBINGBAODAZHIKEYIDECHUYIXIAJIDIAN: (1)LUOHANDANGRENDENGZIZHIZHONGZUINANTAO,GUJIXUJIUHERENZHONG,YITUDAJU,ZHEISHITAMENTINGERZOUXIANDEXINGWEI。YOULUNZHECENGYINQIKOUCHENG“QIANGLVEDAHU,YOUJIADINGDAOTAICANG,YILUDAQIANG,TOUBENJIANGNINGZEIYINGERQU”DENGYU,YONGYIZHENGMINGJIADINGQISHIYUTAIPINGTIANGUOYOUSUOLIANXI,SHIZECIYANCHUZIBAYUESHIQIRILUOHANDANGRENRUJIADINGXIANCHENGQIANGLVEZHIJI,YINGSHULINSHIKUAKOU、XUZHANGSHENGSHIERYI。(2)CHENMUJINDENGTAOHUINANXIANGHOU,BINGWEIZHIJIEFUQINGPUYIFUZHOULICHUN,ERSHIXIANYUSHANGHAIMIN、GUANGJIRENLIANLUO,JIERJIEMENGBAIHUI,LI“SANDAOHUI”MINGMU,ZHOUSHIYIWEICANYUQIZHONG。SHAXUEWEIMENGDEDIDIAN“NANXIANGMIAO”,JINANXIANGXIANSHUIMIAO,WEILUOHANDANGDANSHENGZHISUO,YUANZHIWEIYUJINBAOSHANQUDACHANGZHENNANDACUNLUOJIAYAOZIRANCUN,DANGSHISHUNANXIANGZHENRUCHANGGUANERSHITU,HOUHUOBAOSHANHUOJIADING,LISHUDUOBIAN。LUOHANDANGCHENGLIHOU,XUDUOZHONGDAHUODONGDOUZAICIMIAOJINXING。(45)DANGSHIXIACENGQUNZHONGLIYONGPIANPIMIAOYUJINXINGMIMIHUODONGSHICHANGJIANXINGTAI,RUZHOULICHUNZAIQINGPUDEJUDIANJIWEITANGWANTUDIMIAO。“SANDAOHUI”SHILUOHANDANGYUTIANDIHUIJIEHEHOUDEYICIYIMING,FASHENGZAINANXIANGMIAOSHUNLICHENGZHANG。ERZHOULICHUNYUHUIDANGSUWUYUANYUAN。JISHITUIYIBU,JIASHEZHOUSHIWEISANDAOHUICHENGYUAN,QIDANGSHISHILIYAGUOLUOHANDANG,NEIMEHUIMENGDIDIANYEYINGGAIZAIQINGPU,ERBUHUIYUANLUTIAOTIAOPAODAOJIADINGBEIBUDEXIANSHUIMIAO。(46)(3)JUZHENGYANGJINGSUOSHU,YOUCHENMUJINZHAOLAINANXIANGDEMIN、GUANGJIREN30YUREN,SHOUDANGDIGUANYUANYALI,LAIERFUFAN,YUQIYUEERSHIJIURIHUISHANGHAI。CIHOULUOHANDANGYINGANSHIDANLIGU,CAIQIANWANGQINGPUQIUYUAN。YOUAN《LOUWANGYONGYUJI》,YIWEILUOHANDANG“TUIDAODADESI,ZAISHAZHUYANGMENGYUE,GEBEIQIANGDAO,JIJIUHEQINGPUZHOULICHUNTONGSHI”。(47)YEJIUSHISHUO,LUOHANDANGWANGQINGPU“YUELICHUNKERIQISHI”FASHENGZAI“QIUMIN、GUANGRENQIANLAIRUHUI”BINGGAIMING“SANDAOHUI”ZHIHOU,FUJINGQUANSHUO,CAIDEDAOZHOUSHI“YUNXU”。

 

YEYINWEICHENMUJINDENGLIANRIZAINANXIANGXIANSHUIMIAOZAISHENGJIQI、GUIBAINIANZHOU,DONGJINGTAIDA,YINQIDIFANGGUANDEKONGHUANG。ZHENGYANGJINGDANGSHIRENWEI“JIADINGFEISHOU,YICHENMUJINWEIZUIZHU,JIXUSHEFANAHUO,QIYUFANGKECIDIJIANCHU”,(48)ZHOULICHUNSHANGBUZAIQISHIYEZHINEI。BAYUECHUERRI(9YUE4RI)YE,ZHENGSHIQINDAIJIADINGBINGYONGBAOWEIJUXIANCHENGNANMENWAIWULIDECHENMUJINJIA,JIANGGAIRENNAHUO,BENNIJIESONGSUZHOU,YINSHENDONGQIANCHENG“GAIFANDANGYUSHENZHONG,TUZHONGKONGYOUSHUYU,QINGJIJIUDIZHENGFA”,SUIJIANGCHENMUJINSHAHAI。ZHENGYANGJINGBENYIWEIXIANXIASHOUWEIQIANG,SHENGQUANZAIWO,SHULIAOCIRI(9YUE5RI)TIANMINGFANHUIXIANSHUZHIJI,YOUQINGPUHUANGDUCHUFADEQIYIJUNYIJINGCHONGJINCHENGMEN,“ZHIZHIJIANYU,JIANGFANJINXINGSHIFANG,FUJINNEISHU,JIANGJIARENSHABIERREN”,ZHENGSHIBENRENYIBEIOUZHIZHONGSHANG,JINGRENTAIJIUCHUSHUFANGBAOMING。(49)

 

YOULUNZHERENWEI,“HAIZAICHENMUJINBEIHAIQIAN,ZHOULICHUN、WANGGUOCHUHEXUYAODENGRENJIUDUIQIYIZUOLEZHOUMIBUZHI”,YOUYIN《HUANGDUXUZHI》ZHONG“LICHUNXIANQIANRENZHIJIADING,YIFANYINYIMEIDANXIMENCHENGZU,GUICHENGYANYI,LINGYEJIANBUXIAJIAN”DENGYU,ZUOWEI“ZHOUMIBUZHI”DEZHENGMING。DIFANGZHIDEJIZAIYOUYIDINGDEXIJUXINGCHENGFEN,BUYIJUXIN。SHIZEBAYUECHUSANRIQISHIJUYOUXIANGDANGDEOURANXING。CHENMUJINZHIBEIBUSHA,QIDAOLEDAOHUOSUODEZUOYONG。ZHENGYANGJINGSHIHOUTANFANGDEZHI,“GAIFEIDANGYISHIRENZHONG,XITUJIEYU,DAIWENZHICHENMUJINYEYICHUZHAN,JIYONGZHIXIANSHU”。(50)

 

ZAIJINGONGJIADINGXIANCHENGSHI,ZHOULICHUNDUIWUYULUOHANDANGQUECENGXIETONGZUOZHAN,DANBICIYOUMINGXIANJIEXIAN。SHIRENHUZHOULICHUNWEI“ZEIDANG”,JIQI“YIDIXIONGXIANGHU,QICHENGZEIMUWEIDAGE,YIHONGJINWEIHAO,WEIXUYAODENGWUBAIRENZEYONGBAIJIN”。(51)GONGJIADINGZHIJI,“LICHUNZAIHUANGDUBUSHUYIDING,WEIXUYAOYIGUSHOUZHABAIBU,QIYUHUFEIWANGGUOCHUDENG,TUFEILIZHANG、XIANGRUI、WANGJINXIAN、ZANGYIZHOU、RENSHANGBINDENGQITAXIANGYUSHUBAIREN,JIESHOUZHAHONGJIN,BODUIQIANJIN”。(52)RUGUOZHOULICHUNDENGQUEYIJIARU“SANDAOHUI”,NEIMEZHEIBIRANBUSHIYIGEJINGSHAXUEWEIMENGDETONGYIHUIDANGYINGYOUDEXINGTAI。YOUJULUOHANDANGRENSHENGCHUANHOULAIDEGONGSHU: “BAYUECHUYI[SAN],YOUYUEYIBAIYURENDAOMIAO(XIANSHUIMIAO),SHANGZHANJIADINGCHENG,BULIAOQINGPUDENGCHURENXIANRUCHENG,XUYAOJISENGDENGHOUZHI。”(53)QIYUQIZHONGBUNANKANCHUSHUANGFANGANZHONGZHENGXIANLUOXIADEJIEDI。QIYIJUNZHENGQUANCHENGLIHOU,SONGJIANGLOUXIANRENSHENLUZHAIYIDUZAI“JIADINGZHANGFANG”GONGSHI,CICHUXIZHANGWOJUNZHENGJIYAOZHICHU,TAHOULAIXIANGGUANFUGONGCHENG: “ZHEIJIADINGXIANCHENGSHIZHOULICHUNTUOWANGGUOCHUBASHOUDE,ZHANGFANGNEIYOUDURUNZHAI、JINSHOUPING、[JIN]QI、YANGXIANSHENG、ZHOUSONGQUANYITONGLIAOLI,GERENDOUYOUYIKUAIDAHONGZHOUSHAWEIJI。”SHENSHITONGSHIHAIGONGCHUSHANGSHUGERENNIANMAOJIGUAN,WUYILIWAIDOUSHIZHOULICHUNDEBUXIA。(54)GUYOUYANJIUZHEZHUYIDAOJIADINGCHENGPOHOU,DIFANGZHENGQUANJIBENWEIZHOULICHUNSHILIKONGZHI,“XUYAODENGLUOHANDANGRENZAIJIADINGGEMINGZHENGQUANZHONGSIDOUWEIRENYAOZHI,ZHEIYULUOHANDANGRENZAIQIYIZHONGSUOQIDEZUOYONGBUSHENXIANGCHENG”,QUEWEIYOUSUOZHIJIANDE。(55)

 

三、重审周立春其人及与地方政府关系

 

AG娱乐网NEIME,ZHOULICHUNJIUJINGSHIZENYANGYIGERENNI?ZHOULICHUN(1814-1853),QINGPUXIANSISHIWUBAOBASHIJIUTUTANGWANREN,SHIDAINONGMIN,YUANCHONGBENTUDIBAO。(56)ZAISHIRENJIZAIZHONG,DUOYOU“QINGPUJUHUA”、(57)“SUYIZHISHULONGLUOQIXIANGRENZHE”、“YIHAOHUAHENGYUXIANG,XIANGZHIJIEXIAZHEJIEYIZHI,GUANFUNENGWEN”DENGMIAOSHU。(58)KANQILAI,TASHITUSHENGTUZHANGDENONGMIN,YESHIKAOGERENNENGLIZAIDIFANGYONGYOUQUANSHIDEHAOQIANGYILEIRENWU。

 

GUANYUZHOULICHUNLINGDAOKANGLIANGDOUZHENGDEBEIJINGHEGUOCHENG,XIANXINGYANJIUYIYOUFEICHANGXIANGJINDEJIAODAI,(59)CICHUZHISHIZAISHAOWEIBUCHONGYIDIANCAILIAO,YIBIANGUANCHAQIYIQIANTAYUDIFANGZHENGFUDEGUANXI。XIANFENGERNIAN(1852),QINGPUZHIXIANYULONGGUANGXIALINGZHUIZHENGDAOGUANGSANSHINIAN(1850)QIANYIFENGZHAOHUOMIANDEQIANLIANG,YOUQIUJINCUISHOUBULIDELIANGCHA,YINERYINQIFANDAN。CIXIANGQIANLIANGYI“XIANJINGDONGBEIXIANGHUANGDUJITANGWANSHUCUNQIANSHUZUIDUO”,ZHOULICHUNSUI“QIYIJUZHONGFUXIANDANAOXIEZHI”。TACHUANLIANLINTUDIBAO,ZHULINGGEZIJIUREN,BINGFANGYAN“YOUBUYUANTONGWANGZHEPAILINGCHUQIAN,JITONGWANGZHIRENZUOWEIFANSHIFEIYONG,RUGANBUYUN,JIXINGFANGHUOSHAOWU”,ZUIZHONGLIANQIANLIUSHIYUQIANWEN,JIUJI300YUREN。WUYUESHIJIURI(7YUE6RI),ZHOULICHUNLVCI300REN,“FENJIMEIRENFANQIANERBAIWEN,YIQIJINCHENG”,ZHIXIANSHUDATANGHONGNAO,BINGJIANGYULONGGUANGDASHANG。BUJIUYULONGGUANGCHEREN,LICHUQIDAILIXIANSHI,QISHANFAGAOSHI,YULINGXIANGMINJIANGZHOULICHUNKUNSONG,BINGWEIXINJINGXUNJIANZHONGJIXIANGFENTIE。BAYUEERSHIRI(10YUE3RI),ZHOULICHUNFUJIUSIWUSHIRENCHONGJIXUNJIANYAMEN,BINGXIANGWUSHENGRENLIN、JIANSHENGRENWENYU、RENDAWENLIANQIAN,WEISUI。ERSHISANRI,TALVWULIUSHIRENQIANWANGRENLIN、RENWENYUJIA“FANGHUOCHAOQIANG”,SUOQIANGYIWUQIANCAI“SHOUCUNGONGYONG”。JIUYUECHUSANRI(10YUE15RI),TA“YOUXIEGONGXIUWEIXIANCHAYANXIAN,BINGRENSHANGBINJIRENLINBANGGUANYINNAZHIXIAN”,DAIRENJIANGGONGXIU、RENLINFANGWUSHAOHUI,BINGSHAOBIGONGXIUYOUNVYIREN。

 

JIUYUECHULIURI(10YUE18RI),ZHIXIANLICHUQIDAILINGBINGYONGWANGNA,ZHOULICHUNDENGJIHESIWUBAIREN,“HUODAIQIANGXIE,HUOXITUSHOU,TONGCHUCUNWAI,SHIBINGYONGGANDAOHANNA,ZHOULICHUNHELINGGEFANFANGQIANGJUOU,HONGSHANGXIANGYONGLIANGJINHUAYUNMING,QIYUXIANGYONGJIANYOUSHOUSHANG,RENGFENLIPUBU”,ZHOULICHUNFANGMIANYINSHANGBIMING19REN,BEIBU8REN。CIRI,SUZHOUFUZHONGJUNCANJIANGZHONGDIANXUANYOUDUDAIBINGDING,HUITONGQINGPUXIANWANGBU,NAHUO3REN,ZHOULICHUNBENRENQIANTAO。CIHOU,“YINZHOULICHUNDENGZHOUNANYIHUO,JIANGBINGCHEHUIGUIWU,YOUGAIFUXIANGOUXIANXIJI”。(60)

 

ZHIZHIXIANFENGSANNIANQIYUE,ZHOULICHUNSHIJIYIZHIDOUSHICHAOTINGTONGJIDETAOFAN。TAZHISUOYINENGYIZHIXIAOYAOFAWAI,CHULETAHESHOUXIADUOWEIQINGPUBENDIREN,YOUDILIFANGMIANDEYOUSHI,HAIYINWEIKANGLIANGJUBUDESHIJIWEITAZAIMINZHONGZHONGYINGDEWEIXINHEHAOZHAOLI。JIULIANTADEFANDUIZHEYEBUDEBUCHENGREN,“YIHUANGDUWEISOUKU,YUJIADINGGUJIERANG,KANGLIANGWANFA,JUDANGRIZHONG,XIANSHIDAFUXIBINGSOUBUWEIHUO,YISIRANWUJI”。(61)JUJIZAIZHOULICHUNZHOUBIANDENONGMINDUIWUYUELAIYUEDUO,“SUISHIGUANMINWEIBUZUWEI,YIZHOULICHUNWEIKEYIYIFU,XIANGLVKANGLIANG,PANJUGOUJIE,BUFUJUNA”。(62)DANGRAN,LINGYIGEZHONGYAODEKEGUANYUANYINSHI,DANGSHIQINGTINGJUNDUIZHUANGUTAIPINGJUNQIYIERBUXIA,“SU、SONG、TAICANGGUANBINGDIAOCHUFANGJIAO,BENDIKONGXU”(63),MEIYOUDUIQINGPUDIFANGDEYICUO“TUFEI”TOURUBINGLI,ERFUXIANYAMENDEYONGDINGRENSHUHEZHANDOULIDOUJIYOUXIAN,ZHENYAZHOULICHUNZHEIYANGDEDIFANGWUZHUANGSHANGXIANBUZU。

 

AG娱乐网ZHOULICHUNQUEYOUQIANGHENGDEYIMIAN,DANYOU“JUZHONGKANGLIANG”ZOUSHANG“WUZHUANGQIYI”DEDAOLU,QIKUADURENGBUKEWEIBUDA。QIANWENDUIZHOULICHUNSHIFOUJIARUTIANDIHUIJIYUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYISHIFOU“LIANMENG”GUANXIYOUSUOBIANXI,DUICICHANSHENGYIWENDEYIGEYUANYINSHIBIZHEKANDAOSHOUZAI《SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYISHILIAOHUIBIAN》DEJITIAOGUANFANGCAILIAO,TAMENDUIJIADINGQISHIQIANHOUZHOULICHUNYUDIFANGZHENGFUDEGUANXIYOUSUOFANYING,DANRANGRENQIGUAIDESHI,YIYOUDEYANJIUZHUSHUSIHUCONGWEIZHENGMIANCHULIGUOZHEIXIECAILIAO。AGYULEWANGXIANG,KENENGDEYUANYINSHI,ZHEIXIECAILIAOTOULUCHUDEZHOULICHUNYUNEIGE“LINLIJINZHIDIFANYINGLEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGNONGMINDEFANKANGJINGSHEN”(64)DEGEMINGJIAXINGXIANGCHAJUTAIYUAN。ZIJIANGQILUYUXIA:

 

(1)[BAYUE]CHUERRIJUHAN

 

QINGPUKANGLIANGJUZHONGZHIZHOULICHUN,XIANYUANTOUCHENGBAOXIAO,YIFENGFUXIANZHACHI,TUOSHIFUXU。ZIJINGSHENSHIQIANWANGXIAOYU,RUGUOZHENXIN,ZHUNYUMIANJIUQIANZUI,SUIYINGXIAOLI。WEIWENZHOULICHUNYISUOJUZHIRENLVDUOTUZHU,RUODIAOWANGBIECHU,KONGQIANDIFULIANGDENGYUBINGJI,SHIYIYOUJINGWANGYUYI。

 

AG娱乐网(2)QINGPUQIMINMADACHENGDENGBING(YUANZHU: BAYUECHUSHILU)

 

AG娱乐网ZHOULICHUNCHONGDANGDIBAO,YULUNSUQIA,SHANGNIANYINANTAOBI。JINCHUNYUEFEICUANRAOJINLING,GONGFENGSHANGYU,CHILINGGECHUZIXINGTUANLIAN,SHOUWANGXIANGZHU,QIZIXINGTUANLIAN,XIBAOWEIXIANGLV,YIYUZEIFEI,JIXINGHELIJIANQIN,ZEHANYUZHIGONG,YIYUXIAOLIXINGJIANTONGQISHANGJI,FENGXIANQINZUNFENBIEYUCHIDIFANGSHENDONGJUBAN,XIAOSHIZAIAN。BINGYOUSHEN[MIAN]FANXINGZHANG,FENGDAXIANZOUZHUN,KUANMIANSHOULU,YIBEIQUCEDENGYIN。DONGBEIXIANGMINXINWEIAN,ZIFENGXIAOYUZHIHOU,ZHOULICHUNZHIXIONGZIJIZUNYUCHUQUANGAIXIANGMIN,GEZITUANLIANBAOWEI,DEYITUFEIBUZHICHUNDONG,SHOUWANGXIANGAN。JIFENGQUANZHUJUNXIANG,YIWEIZHANZHUANQUANDAOYOULIZHIHU,JIELISHUJIANG,DIFANGDAWEIDEYI。FUNIANQIANAN,ZHOULICHUNDENGSHENWEIDIBAO,XIANJINGSHIYUYUESHUXIANGMIN,GUSHUJIUWUKECI,XIANZAIQIZIDIKAIQINGYIN,ZAIXIANGTUANLIAN,YIYUWAIWU,JISHUFUQIAN。KEFOUYAOENXIANGQINGZHUANZOU,WANGKAIYIMIAN,YUYIZIXIN……QUANXIANGGANDINGSHANGBING。

 

(3)QINGPUXIANBING(YUANZHU: BAYUESHISANRILU)

 

XIANZAISHANGHAI、JIADINGGUANGFEI、TUFEIFENFENCUANRAOCHUNDONG,FENGWENBEIXIANXIANGMINZISHI,ANNEIFENGCHIJINAZHIZHOULICHUN,FEIDENGYUEZHIRUHUO。ZHOULICHUNJIUYOUHUIXIN,JIANBUCONGFEI。YUANZHOULICHUNXIANXINGFANANTAOBI,SIYINBANTIEGAOSHI,GONGFENGYUZHI,CHILINGGECHUZIXINGTUANLIAN,BINGWENSUZHOUZHAOMUZHUANGYONGANNEI,YOUYUMINSHENFANZUIMINGZHE,CENGMENGENZHI。JIZHIGANJU,LITUBAOXIAO,YIHEBUKESHEQIJIWANG,YUYIZIXINDENGYIN。SHIYIZHOULICHUNQINSHUZIZHIJIZAIXIANGTUANLIANXIANGYONG,BAOHULVLI,TUFEIBUZHIQIEFA。JINGGAICHUQILAOMADACHENGDENGYILVYANSHOUYI,DAIWEIHUANQIUQIENZIXIAO。BEIZHIQIEYISHIZAIQUANYI,DANGJINGYUNQIZHUANBING,RUOJIANGZHOULICHUNXUQICHULIMIANZUI,DANGGENGFENMIANZIXIAO,SHIYUDIFANGYOUYIDENGYU。(65)

 

AG娱乐网CONGSHANGMIANDECAILIAOKEZHI,JIADINGQISHIQIAN,ZHOULICHUNXIANGGUANFUBIAOSHIGUO“TOUCHENGBAOXIAO”DEYIYUAN,JUDIFANGSHENSHIBINGQING,QIZAIXIANGQINSHUZIZHIYIYUANQUANZHUJUNXIANG、TUANLIANXIANGYONG。QINGPUXIANYOUPIYUE: “ZHOULICHUNDENGQINSHU,YINJIANQINFENGYUZHI,CHIBANTUANLIAN,JIYOUSHENFANXINGZHANG,YIZHUNSHOULUDENGYIN。SHIYICHULI,YUETONGXIANGMINTUANLIANBAOWEI,JISHUZUIQIAN。JIJUERDENGLIANMINGHUANQIU,DAIWEIQIEN,ZIDANGFUSHUNYUQING,ZHUNJIJUQINGZHUANBINGKEYE。”(66)

 

QINLIJIADINGZHIBIANDEDIFANGRENSHIYESHUOGUOZHEIYANGDEHUA: “ZHOULICHUNZISHANGNIANCHAISHUJUBU,YANJIWEIHUO,JUXINSHANGWUPANZHI,SHIGUANBIZHIBIAN,TINGQIZHIHUIZHE,BUGUOSHUQIANREN,JIEXINONGMIN,YINBIJINSHANGHAI,GOUTONGJIAN、GUANGFEITU,CHENGJIGUANBIAN。”(67)YOUZHEIZHONG“CHENGJIGUANBIAN”DEXINTAI,YEJIUKEYIJIESHIWEIHEHUICHUXIANQIANWENTIDAODEQINGXING: LUOHANDANGWANGQINGPUGUDONGQISHI,ZHOULICHUN“SHANGYOUYUBUJUE”;GUANGDONGRENLISHAOQINGFANHUISHANGHAISHICENGYUEZHOUTONGWANG,ZHOUYI“XUERWEIQU”。ZHOUSHENBIANQISHIBUFADANDAZHE,RU“BAOSHANWENSHENGDUWENZAOYICAOSHICHIYIJIN,YOUMOUPANYI。JIADINGRENSUNWANTANG,PINGRIHAODAYAN,TUOZHITIANWENDILI,XIANGUILIECHUN,QUANYIQISHI”,RANERZHOU“YOUWEIGANYE”。(68)

 

JIADING、SHANGHAIXIANGJIQISHIHOU,GUANFANGCENGPAIRENYAOJISHENSHIYUBAYUECHUSHIZUOYOUFUQINGPUSHUOJIANGZHOULICHUN,ZHOUBIAOSHI: “SHANGHAI、JIADINGXIANGZHAO,YIBINGBUCONGZEI,JINMENGYUSHI,NIWANGLIUCHENGTAOHUIXINJINGSIZHONGLAOYEYIMINGJI……YIBENYUTOUCHENG,YINDINGDALAOYEBINGQIZAIJIACONGZEI,SHANGHAIYOUBINGQINJIANYISHENCHUANHUANGPAO,ZAIHUBANSHI。YIBINGWUFENSHENZHISHU,ERBEIWURUCI,BAIHUINANCI,ZHIHAOLAISHENGTUBAODENGYU。”(69)“XINJINGSIZHONGLAOYE”JIXINJINGXUNJIANZHONGJIXIANG,“DINGDALAOYE”JIWUXIANZHIXIANDINGGUOEN。ZHOULICHUNDEHUAZAIGUANFANGKANLAINANMIANYOU“NIFEIJIAOKUAI”DEYIMIAN,DANZHISHAOFANYINGLETABENRENTOUJIGUANWANG、LIANGMIANYIWEIDEQINGTAI,GENGSHUOMINGTAYUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIDEGUANXIJUEFEIAGYULEWANGGUANCHANGSUORENZHIDENEIYANG。PINGQINGLUNZHI,ZHEIZHONG“JIAOKUAI”FUHEZHOULICHUNZUOWEINONGMINCHUSHENDEXIANGLIQIANGRENDEBENXING。TADEXINGSHIFENGGEMINGXIANBUTONGYUXUYAOZHEIYANGDETUZHUHUIDANG,YEBUTONGYUWANGGUOCHU、LISHAOQINGZHEIYANGDEKEJIYOUMIN。BAYUESHIWURI,JUSONGJIANGFUBING: “BEISHUFUYIQIANRENQIANWANGKAIQIEXIAOYU,QUANLINGTOUCHENGZIXIAO,MIANQIZHIZUI,GUONENGSHADILIGONG,YITIBAOZOUQINGJIANG。JIFANFUKAIDAO,GAIFANPOYOUHUIZUIZHIYI,XIANZAIYIYUMIN、GUANGFEITUJUEJI。QIYIZHONGLVDAOGUANZHIZUI,BUKENZITOU。”(70)BUJIU,QINGPUXIANCHENGBEIXIAN,ZHOULICHUNZHONGYUXUANZELETINGERZOUXIANDEYITIAOLU。HOULAIDESHISHIZHENGMING,ZHEIYESHIYITIAOBUGUILU。

 

SHANGWENDATIANSANZUGUANXISHULILEJIADINGQIYIJIQILINGDAORENZHOULICHUNXIANGGUANDEYIXIESHISHI,FANYOUYUQIANSHUOBUTONGCHUYISUIXINGWENYIYIJIAODAI,CICHUBUZAIZHUISHU。RUGUOSHUOCONGFANGFALUNJIAODUHAIKEYISHAOWEIXIAOJIEYIXIADEHUA,BIZHECHENGRENBENWENLIYONGDESHILIAOBUSHISHENMEXINDE,ZHISHIZAILIYONGSHIZHUYILEYIXIEWENTI,BAOKUOSHILIAOXINGCHENGSHIJIANDEXIANHOU、XIANGJINNEIRONGSHILIAOJIANDEYINXIHEBIANYIGUANXI、SHILIAOZUOZHEDESHENFENBEIJINGYIJIBUTONGLEIXINGSHILIAODEBIAOSHUCEZHONG(RUDIFANGZHISHILIAOJIAOXIAAIDEBENTUGUANNIANYUZHENGTILISHISHIDIANDECHAYIXING),DENGDENG;XIANGYINGDI,CONGSHILIAOZHONGDECHUDEJIELUNBUJINTONGYUQIANSHUO。DANGRAN,QIANBEIXUEZHEZAIYANJIUSHIWEIBIDUIZHEIXIESHILIAOLIYONGDEJIBENYUANZEQUESHAOLEJIEHEYINGYONG,AGYULEWANGXIANGGENGDADEYIGEWENTIKENENGHAIZAIYUYANJIUDUIXIANGXIANGDUITESHU,DAOZHIGUANNIANSHANGHUADIWEILAO,GELIEXINGDISHIYONGLESHILIAO。GUANYUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYIYANJIU,XIANCUNDEZUIDAYIGEMISI,YESHIBENWENSHITUZHUIWENDE,JILISHISHANGSHIJICUNZAIGUOYIGENANGKUOGEGULILIANG、XINGCHENGZHENGTIBUJUDE“TONGYIDESHANGHAIXIAODAOHUI”MA?YIYOUZHUSHUZAITAOLUNSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIDEYUANLIUYANBIANSHI,YECHANGQIANGDIAOTU/KE、MIN/YUE、SHANGHAI/ZHOUBIAN、NONGMIN/YOUMIN、HUIDANG/NONGMINWUZHUANGDENGFUZADEGUANXI,DANZAIFENXIGEZHONG“QIYI”DEXINGZHISHIYOUBUZIJUEDIJIANGZHISHITONGGEMINGDE“LIANMENG”,BIRU“JIADINGZHIBIAN”YUSHANGHAIXIANXIAODAOHUIQIYIBIANBEIWEIJINGFANSIDIJINGZHIGUIWEITONGYIBUZHI、BICIYUEDING、XIANGHUZHIYUANDETONGMENGGUANXI,ERQILINGDAORENYEBULIWAIDIDOUSHUYUTIANDIHUICHENGYUAN。LEISIDE“LIANHEGEMING”DELUOJIHAIKEYIJIXUWANGWAITUI,ZHEIDAGAIYESHIDUONIANLAIZHONGXUEZHEQIANFUHOUJI、ZIZIKUKUDIFANFULUNZHENGSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIYUTAIPINGTIANGUOGUANXIERBUYANDEYIGEQIANYIN。BENWENZAINANXIANGQISHIDELINGDAORENZHOULICHUNSHENSHANGHUAFEIBIMO,CHULEYOUKAODINGSHISHI、LIQINGWUJIEDEMUDE,TONGSHIGENGXIANGTIEJINLISHIBENLAIMAILUOLAIXIE“REN”,ERBUSHIBATAJIXUDANGZUOBEIMOUYIJIESHIKUANGJIAGUIDINGHUOSHUFUDEKUILEI。(71)BENWENDAZHIHAISHUYUJIAOWEICHUANTONGDEZHENGZHISHISHIJIAOCHUFADEXIEFA,QISHIRUGUOHUANYIGEJIAODU,CONGXIAWANGSHANGKAN,BINGQIEYOUKENENGJIXUFAJUEJICENGSHILIAO,YOUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIGERENWUDEGETIMINGYUNHELISHISHENRUSHEHUI、ZHENGZHIZHUCENGCI,HUOXUKEYIXIECHUYIGEGENGJINGCAIDEGUSHI。

 

AG娱乐网ZUOZHEJIANJIE: DAIHAIBIN,ZHEJIANGSHAOXINGREN,SHANGHAISHEHUIKEXUEYUANLISHIYANJIUSUOFUYANJIUYUAN,ZHUYAOCONGSHIJINDAIZHONGGUOZHENGZHIWAIJIAOSHIYANJIU

 

ZHUSHI:

 

AG娱乐网①WANGRURUN: 《FUFENJURIJI》JI“BIANZHEANYU”,JIANZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANSHANGHAILISHIYANJIUSUOCHOUBEIWEIYUANHUIBIAN: 《SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYISHILIAOHUIBIAN》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《HUIBIAN》),SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE1980NIANBAN,DI1074YE。

 

②ZHOUYUMIN、SHAOYONG: 《ZHONGGUOBANGHUISHI》,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE1993NIANBAN,DI194YE。

 

③盛巽昌: 《帮中有派,帮外有派——点评上海小刀会领导层》,见傅一峰、华强主编: 《东南民众运动与上海小刀会》,香港天马图书AG娱乐网有限公司2004年,第339页。

 

④《SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYIZONGSHU》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI10—11YE。

 

罗尔纲: 《太平天国史》第四册,中华书局1991年版,第113页。

 

⑥该条注云: “1987年底,AG娱乐网赴北京故宫中国第一历史档案馆查阅上海小刀会起义的档案,在《两江总督怡良奏周立春解省审明凌迟处死折》(咸丰三年九月初一日,军机录副)的附件中,发现了周立春的两个印章拓片: 一为‘提督本标全部大元帅’、一为‘统理军机’,喜出望外;可惜其中的另外两个附件,即一份周立春供辞抄件和一份周立春告示抄件,却在1953年6月4日整理档案时就注明‘缺’了。这两个印章所表示的周立春衔名,与当时他所处的地位完全相符,为目前见到的资料所未载,极为珍贵。他的衔名同刘丽川相等,均为大元帅,促使AG娱乐网对起义军的内部组织状况进行探索,从而分辨出其内部实际存在着一个以他为首和另一个以刘丽AG娱乐网川为首的两个派系,彼此的职称不尽一致,组成人员的成分也有差别。”参见郭豫明: 《上海小刀会起义史》,中国大百科全书出版社上海分社1993年版,第81页注释2。

 

⑦GUOYUMING: 《SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYISHI》,DI74YE。

 

⑧ZHOUYUMIN、SHAOYONG: 《ZHONGGUOBANGHUISHI》,SHANGHAIRENMINCHUBANSHE1993NIANBAN,DI192YE。

 

⑨WANGJIJIE、HUANGANQING: 《SHANGHAIZHOUBIANXIANGZHENXIAODAOHUIQIYILUNXI——YIJIADING、QINGPUDIQUWEILI》,JIAN《DONGNANMINZHONGYUNDONGYUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUI》,DI225—226YE。

 

⑩LISHAOXIXINGDUOBIAN,YISHENGTOUKAODUOFANG,RENWEI“FANFUJIAONAO”,QIXIANGGUANSHIJIKECANWANGTAO: 《WENGYOUYUTAN·JILISHAOQINGSHI》,DI1024—1025YE。

 

(11)ZHUCHENGCONG: 《SANGZIWENJIANLU》(1909NIANJIADINGXUEHUICONGKEBEN),JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1055YE。

 

(12)ZHANGGUIZHUANDENGZUAN: 《HUANGDUXUZHI》(1923NIANPAIYINBEN),JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1087YE。

 

(13)PURUN、YAOGUANGFADENGZUAN: 《SONGJIANGFUXUZHI》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI968YE。

 

AG娱乐网(14)WANGZUSHOUDENGZUAN: 《QINGPUXIANZHI》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1157-1158YE。

 

(15)YETINGJUAN、YUYUEZUAN: 《SHANGHAIXIANZHI》BINGFANG(JUANSHIYI),JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI958YE。

 

(16)CHENGQIJUEDENGZUAN: 《JIADINGXIANZHI》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1084YE。

 

(17)GUOYUMING: 《SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYISHI》,DI78YE。

 

AG娱乐网(18)ZHOUYUMIN、SHAOYONG: 《ZHONGGUOBANGHUISHI》,DI194YE。

 

AG娱乐网(19)HURENFENGJI: 《FAHUAXIANGZHI》(1922NIANQIANYINBEN),JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI964YE。

 

AG娱乐网(20)YUANZUZHI: 《SUIYUANSUOJI》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1019YE。

 

(21)《SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQISHIBENMO》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI38YE。

 

AG娱乐网(22)“YOUSHANGHAIJIADINGQINGXING”,《YIZHAOLOUHONGYANGZOUGAO》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI141YE。

 

(23)“SONGJIANGFUBING”(BAYUESHIWURIDAO),《YIZHAOLOUHONGYANGZOUGAO》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1171YE。

 

AG娱乐网(24)《SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQISHIBENMO》(1909NIANJIADINGXUEHUICONGKEBEN),JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI41YE。

 

(25)罗尔纲AG娱乐网: 《太平天国史》第四册,第113页。

 

AG娱乐网(26)GUOYUMING: 《SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYISHI》,DI80YEZHUSHI3。

 

AG娱乐网(27)ZHANGGUIZHUANDENGZUAN: 《HUANGDUXUZHI》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1088YE;“LOUXIANBING”,《YIZHAOLOUHONGYANGZOUGAO》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1107YE。

 

(28)据周立春后来供述: “小的原不该听了王国初的话,到嘉定衙门内去,实是错的。……嘉定闹事,是王国初商量,叫军师宝山罗店人文生杜成斋写示遍贴。现在王国初、杜成斋被官军杀死的了。是实。”(“关于审讯周立春的清方档案”(八月二十三日录),《忆昭楼洪杨奏稿》,见《汇编》,第922页)另有材料反映: “嘉定匪徒为首者,系上海人,借口僧贯之、陈木金二案,欲杀官幕。又冒充周立春之侄,或云寄儿,现在编(偏)拜富户,欲要捐助银两。前往上海之公启,金陵请兵二千,以备防剿。”(“又上海嘉定情形”,《忆昭楼洪杨奏稿》,见《汇编》,第141页)按: 此处“嘉定匪徒”,即王国初。

 

(29)“QINGPUDIANSHANSIXUNJIANBING”、“KUNSHANBING”,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1176YE、DI1181YE。

 

(30)GUOYUMING: 《SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYISHI》,DI74YEZHUSHI4、DI82YEZHUSHI3。

 

(31)TONGSHANG,DI47YE。

 

(32)ZHOUYUMIN、SHAOYONG《ZHONGGUOBANGHUISHI》,DI194YE;SHAOYONG: 《SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYIQIANDEMINGUANGYIMIN》,JIAN《DONGNANMINZHONGYUNDONGYUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUI》,DI122YE。

 

(33)“WUXIANBING”(JIUYUECHUQIRIDAO),《YIZHAOLOUHONGYANGZOUGAO》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1129YE。

 

AG娱乐网(34)ZHUCHENGCONG: 《SANGZIWENJIANLU》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1052YE。

 

(35)“郑扬旌禀”,《吴煦档案AG娱乐网中的太平天国史料选辑》,见《汇编》,第1124页。

 

(36)“关于审讯孙渭的清方档案”(九月十九日到),《忆昭楼洪杨奏稿》,见《汇编》,第1113-1114页。

 

(37)CHENGTINGLU: 《MENGANJUSHIZIBIANNIANPU》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1079YE。

 

(38)“郑扬旌禀”,《吴煦档案AG娱乐网中的太平天国史料选辑》,见《汇编》,第1124页。

 

AG娱乐网(39)“JIADINGJINBAO”,《PINGYUEJIWEN》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI937YE。

 

AG娱乐网(40)WUCHILAOREN: 《LOUWANGYONGYUJI》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1043YE。

 

AG娱乐网(41)ZHUCHENGCONG: 《SANGZIWENJIANLU》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1055YE。

 

(42)ZHANGGUIZHUANDENGZUAN: 《HUANGDUXUZHI》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI907YE。

 

(43)WANGQIXING: 《NANXIANGLUOHANDANGYUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUI》,JIAN《DONGNANMINZHONGYUNDONGYUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUI》,DI286-287YE。

 

(44)“JIANLIJIADINGXIANZHENGYANGJINGBING”(BAYUECHUYIRIFA,CHUBARIDAO,CHUJIURIJIE),《PINGYUEJIWEN》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1115-1116YE。

 

(45)XUHONGXIN: 《JIANTANLUOHANDANGRUOGANSHILIAOJIAZHI》,JIAN《DONGNANMINZHONGYUNDONGYUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUI》,DI295YE。

 

(46)旧说认为“三刀会”的命名是由嘉定罗汉党、周立春为首的青浦农民和上海小刀会等“三股势力会合而成”(卢耀华: 《上海小刀会的源流》,台湾《食货》月刊第3卷第5期)。郭豫明已辨其说非是,并疑三刀会为“三合会”的误抄,其论证仍以周立春早在三刀会成立之前已经被刘丽AG娱乐网川吸收加入天地会为前提。参看其《上海小刀会起义史》,第79页注释1。

 

(47)悟迟老人: 《漏网喁鱼集》,见《汇编》,第1043页。据周立春被捕后供称: “本年七月十二[三]日嘉定闹事,是嘉定县人封洪及青浦监生李章与他妹丈戴举人之侄藏砚峰同杨锦廷们因嘉定石角门王裕乾吃官司起衅。”(“关于审讯周立春的清方档案”,《忆昭楼洪杨奏稿》,见《汇编》,第922页)按李章为参与抗粮斗争的塘湾地保之一,与周立春熟识,罗汉党人与周立春发生联系极可能是经由这一条路线。

 

(48)“郑扬旌禀”,《吴煦档案中的太平天国史料选辑》,见《汇编》,第1124页。

 

(49)“TAICANGZHOUBINGER”(BAYUECHUWURI,SHISANRIJIE),《PINGYUEJIWEN》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1120—1121YE。

 

(50)“郑扬旌禀”,《吴煦档案AG娱乐网中的太平天国史料选辑》,见《汇编》,第1125页。

 

(51)ZHUCHENGCONG: 《SANGZIWENJIANLU》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1056YE。

 

(52)ZHANGGUIZHUANDENGZUAN: 《HUANGDUXUZHI》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1087YE。

 

(53)“WUXIANBINGER”(JIUYUECHUQIDAO),《YIZHAOLOUHONGYANGZOUGAO》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1112YE。

 

(54)“LOUXIANBING”,《YIZHAOLOUHONGYANGZOUGAO》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1107YE。

 

AG娱乐网(55)WANGJIJIE、HUANGANQING: 《SHANGHAIZHOUBIANXIANGZHENXIAODAOHUIQIYILUNXI——YIJIADING、QINGPUDIQUWEILI》,JIAN《DONGNANMINZHONGYUNDONGYUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUI》,DI229YE。

 

(56)据周立春被捕后供述,“年四十岁”。按传统年岁计算法推算,其生年应为1814年,即嘉庆十九年(“关于审讯周立春的清方档案”,《忆昭楼洪杨奏稿》,见《汇编》,第922页)。按: 原题“逆首周立春供状”,注云“八月二十三日录”。又: 本件“平粤纪闻”和“粤匪杂录”曾抄辑,题作“八月二十一日可园讯供”(可园为苏州地名)。

 

(57)CHENGTINGLU: 《XIAOSONGYUANGEZAZHU》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1077YE。

 

AG娱乐网(58)ZHOUXIAN: 《FANHUCAOTANGYIGAO》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1081YE。

 

AG娱乐网(59)GUOYUMING: 《SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYISHI》,DI41—47YE;PEIYILI: 《WANQINGKANGLIANGDOUZHENG: SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIHESHANDONGLIUPEIDE》,《SHILIN》1988NIANDI2QI。

 

(60)YISHANGJUNJU《LIANGJIANGZONGDUYILIANG,JIANGSUXUNFUJIERHANGAZOUWEISHENMINGQINGPUXIANDIBAOZHOULICHUNJUZHONGHONGTANGOUGUANJUBUANDINGNISHI》,XIANFENGSINIANSHIYUECHUBARI,GUOJIAQINGSHIGONGCHENGSHUZIZIYUANZONGKU,ZHUPIZOUZHE,DANGHAO: 04-01-01-0856-016,SUOWEIHAO: 04-01-01-122-1243。

 

(61)CHENGTINGLU: 《XIAOSONGYUANGEZAZHU》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1077YE。

 

(62)《LIANGJIANGZONGDUYILIANGDENGZOUCHAMINGJIADINGDENGXIANXIAODAOHUIQISHIYUANYOUBINGDUBANSHANGHAIQINGXINGZHE》,XIANFENGSANNIANSHIYUECHUJIURI,LUFUZOUZHE。ZHUANYINZIGUOYUMING: 《SHANGHAIXIAODAOHUIQIYISHI》,DI45YE。

 

(63)“YIZHIXIANZOUGAOER”,《YIZHAOLOUHONGYANGZOUGAO》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI926YE。

 

AG娱乐网(64)ZHAOMUNAN、ZHAOXIN: 《LVELUNZHOULICHUN》,JIAN《DONGNANMINZHONGYUNDONGYUSHANGHAIXIAODAOHUI》,DI351YE。

 

AG娱乐网(65)YISHANGSANDUANJIAN《YIZHAOLOUHONGYANGZOUGAO》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1169-1171YE。

 

(66)“QINGPUQIMINMADACHENGDENGBING”,《YIZHAOLOUHONGYANGZOUGAO》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1170YE。

 

(67)WUCHILAOREN: 《LOUWANGYONGYUJI》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1043YE。

 

(68)ZHUCHENGCONG: 《SANGZIWENJIANLU》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1055YE。

 

(69)“BAYUEERSHIQIRILULAIXINER”,《YIZHAOLOUHONGYANGZOUGAO》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI921YE。AN: YUANTIZUO“YIJUENIFEIZHOULIECHUNJIAOKUAIQINGXING”,ZHUYUN“BAYUEERSHIQIRILU”。

 

AG娱乐网(70)“SONGJIANGFUBING”(BAYUESHIWURIDAO),《YIZHAOLOUHONGYANGZOUGAO》,JIAN《HUIBIAN》,DI1171YE。

 

(71)另一显例为被誉为“女中英雄”的周立春之女周秀英的斗争事迹,长期流传于民间口碑,进而被写入罗尔纲《太平天国史》等史著,得到大力表彰。实际历史上有无周秀英其人、所谓“周秀英”真实身份为何,依旧是一大疑问。据周立春被捕后自供,“生有一子阿弥,年四岁,女儿已故”。官方战报亦谓收复嘉定之役,“周立春于西门率岳丈、婿、女,正在下船逃窜,被乡民擒获,解送丁公营内,其女逞凶,即时枭首”;另报称该役“阵斩”者包括“周立春婢女伪女将军飞霞”(“关于审讯周立春的清方档案”、“八月二十七日录来信一”、“吴县丁令禀”,《忆昭楼洪杨奏稿》,见《汇编》,第920页、第924页、第1102页)。因此,周立春之女在嘉定被陷时已战死,所谓率部突围、投奔刘丽AG娱乐网川以及在上海县城作战时以“勇猛”著称的“周秀英”实另有其人;而此类身份混淆是当时人有意为之的结果,还是后世本土民俗文化发挥的产物,仍待考。有关“周秀英”相关文献记载的梳理及民俗学与历史关系的初步讨论,可参看刘惠恕: 《上海郊区流传的“周秀英杀四门”评书与周秀英其人》,见《纪念上海小刀会起义160周年: “历史记忆与城市转型”学术讨论会论文集》,上海,2013年11月。




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